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Cardiovascular risk factor

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906479/knowledge-and-practice-in-cardiovascular-disease-prevention-among-hospital-registered-nurses-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Shu Ding, Ying Deng, Sai Lu, Karen V Lamb, Ying Zhang, Ying Wu
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate the knowledge and clinical practices of cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention among registered nurses (RNs) who worked on three major clinical units in Beijing hospitals. BACKGROUND: Health education on CVD prevention is an important component of nursing practice, however, Chinese RNs' knowledge and practice patterns have been poorly explored in previous studies. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: A stratified random sample of three hundred RNs was recruited from two tertiary hospitals in Beijing, China...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906428/the-epidemiology-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-and-its-connection-with-cardiovascular-disease-role-of-endothelial-dysfunction
#2
A Federico, M Dallio, M Masarone, M Persico, C Loguercio
The non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is considered a predominant hepatopathy worldwide and a component of metabolic syndrome. It represents a risk factor for the development of cardiovascular diseases, independently of the presence of diabetes mellitus, hypertension and obesity. For this reason, nowadays an epidemiological analysis and a research of the causes that correlate non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and cardiovascular pathologies, are extremely useful. There are important epidemiological variations in relation to various geographical areas, and depending on different population groups, the prevalence of this pathology changes...
November 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906042/what-is-the-impact-of-biologic-therapies-on-common-co-morbidities-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#3
REVIEW
Jenny Humphreys, Kimme Hyrich, Deborah Symmons
Biologic therapies have revolutionised disease control in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Theoretically, they have the potential to influence co-morbid disease associated with RA through better control of systemic inflammation. Conversely, co-morbidity may occur as an adverse effect of the drugs. The latest evidence from observational data shows an increased risk of infection in the first 6 months of treatment with tumour necrosis factor inhibitor (TNFi) therapies and potentially other biologic therapies...
December 1, 2016: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906007/what-happens-to-cardiovascular-system-behind-the-undetectable-level-of-hiv-viremia
#4
REVIEW
Gabriella d'Ettorre, Giancarlo Ceccarelli, Paolo Pavone, Pietro Vittozzi, Gabriella De Girolamo, Ivan Schietroma, Sara Serafino, Noemi Giustini, Vincenzo Vullo
Despite the combined antiretroviral therapy has improved the length and quality of life of HIV infected patients, the survival of these patients is always decreased compared with the general population. This is the consequence of non-infectious illnesses including cardio vascular diseases. In fact large studies have indicated an increased risk of coronary atherosclerotic disease, myocardial infarction even in HIV patients on cART. In HIV infected patients several factors may contribute to the pathogenesis of cardiovascular problems: life-style, metabolic parameters, genetic predisposition, viral factors, immune activation, chronic inflammation and side effects of antiretroviral therapy...
April 27, 2016: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905649/-hyperinsulinemia-and-insulin-resistance-in-children
#5
Ana Beatriz Rosas-Sumano, Francisco Javier Rodal-Canales, Margarita Barrientos Pérez, Beatriz Eugenia Cárdenas-Morales, Laura Pérez-Campos Mayoral, Eduardo Pérez-Campos
BACKGROUND: Obesity during childhood is a risk factor for developing cardiovascular diseases during adulthood. AIM: To measure insulin and glucose levels and parameters of insulin resistance in obese, overweight and normal weight Mexican children. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Comparative study of 21 obese children with a body mass index (BMI) over percentile 95, aged 10 ± 1 years (10 males), 14 children aged 10 ± 2 (7 males) with a BMI between percentiles 85 and 94 and 16 children aged 9 ± 2 years (3 males) with a body mass index between percentiles 10 and 84...
August 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905643/-inverse-association-of-cardiorespiratory-fitness-with-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-chilean-adults
#6
Carlos Cristi-Montero, Rodrigo Ramírez-Campillo, Cristian Alvarez, Alex Garrido Méndez, María Adela Martínez, Ximena Díaz Martínez, Ana María Leiva, Carlos Salas, Manuel Gutiérrez, Ruth Sanzana-Inzunza, Eliana Durán, Ana María Labraña, Nicolás Aguilar-Farías, Carlos Celis-Morales
BACKGROUND: A high level of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is an important protector against cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. AIM: To explore the association of CRF with several metabolic markers and estimate the variation of these parameters by an increase of 1 MET change in CRF. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 447 adults (56% women) without medical history of cardiometabolic diseases. Physical activity evaluated using accelerometry, body mass index (BMI), blood pressure, blood glucose and insulin and lipid profile were measured...
August 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905470/a-previously-unreported-impact-of-a-pla2g7-gene-polymorphism-on-the-plasma-levels-of-lipoprotein-associated-phospholipase-a2-activity-and-mass
#7
Yue Qi, Dong Zhao, Zhangrong Jia, Wei Wang, Miao Wang, Jiayi Sun, Jun Liu, Yan Li, Wuxiang Xie, Jing Liu
Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) levels are associated with the development of atherosclerosis. We aimed to assess the genetic determinants of Lp-PLA2 activity and mass by genotyping multiple polymorphisms in PLA2G7, the gene encoding Lp-PLA2, among 1258 participants from the Chinese Multi-provincial Cohort Study-Beijing Project. The Sequenom MassARRAY system, Taqman assay and direct sequencing were adopted. For the first time, the rs13218408 polymorphism was found to be significantly associated with reduced Lp-PLA2 levels...
December 1, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905009/increased-serum-al-levels-in-hemodialysis-patients-kept-enhanced-during-a-2-year-prospective-study
#8
Maria L Reina de la Torre, Herminia Lopez García de la Serrana, Loreto Martí Del Moral, Magdalena Palomares Bayo, Miguel Navarro-Alarcón
The regulation of mineral homeostasis is altered in hemodialysis patients with renal insufficiency, producing increased risk for secondary diseases like cardiovascular ones. We hypothesized that risen serum aluminum (Al) concentration in hemodialysis patients kept enhanced during a 2-year longitudinal study is associated with enhanced cardiovascular risk and influenced by medical treatments. This study reports the prospective monitoring of serum Al levels in six-monthly samplings over 2 years in 116 hemodialysis patients and a control group of 50 healthy adults...
November 30, 2016: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904610/effects-of-air-pollution-on-human-health-and-practical-measures-for-prevention-in-iran
#9
REVIEW
Adel Ghorani-Azam, Bamdad Riahi-Zanjani, Mahdi Balali-Mood
Air pollution is a major concern of new civilized world, which has a serious toxicological impact on human health and the environment. It has a number of different emission sources, but motor vehicles and industrial processes contribute the major part of air pollution. According to the World Health Organization, six major air pollutants include particle pollution, ground-level ozone, carbon monoxide, sulfur oxides, nitrogen oxides, and lead. Long and short term exposure to air suspended toxicants has a different toxicological impact on human including respiratory and cardiovascular diseases, neuropsychiatric complications, the eyes irritation, skin diseases, and long-term chronic diseases such as cancer...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904566/the-characteristics-of-pre-diabetic-patients-associated-with-body-composition-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-in-the-iranian-population
#10
Zahra Gholi, Motahar Heidari-Beni, Awat Feizi, Bijan Iraj, Gholamreza Askari
BACKGROUND: Different populations have shown various patterns of association between impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and body composition parameters and risk factors of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The current study aimed at investigating the differences between persons with prediabetes and healthy people in terms of CVD risk factors including body composition parameters, blood pressure, and lipid profile in a sample of the Iranian population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a case-control setting, a sample containing 386 (193 prediabetic subjects and 193 normal subjects) of the first-degree relatives of diabetic patients aged 35-55 years were investigated...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904507/impact-of-variants-in-cetp-and-apo-ai-genes-on-serum-hdl-cholesterol-levels-in-men-and-women-from-the-polish-population
#11
Marta Włodarczyk, Małgorzata Wrzosek, Grażyna Nowicka, Beata Jabłonowska-Lietz
INTRODUCTION: Polymorphisms in the cholesterol ester transfer protein (CETP) gene and apolipoprotein AI (apo AI) gene are identified as the most common genetic factors influencing high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL cholesterol) levels. Low HDL cholesterol is an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease. We investigated the effect of the TaqIB polymorphism of the CETP gene and the 75G/A polymorphism of the apo AI gene on the HDL cholesterol concentration in a sample of Polish adults...
December 1, 2016: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904032/coronary-microvascular-dysfunction%C3%A3-epidemiology-pathogenesis-prognosis-diagnosis-risk-factors-and-therapy
#12
Cheng Chen, Janet Wei, Ahmed AlBadri, Parham Zarrini, C Noel Bairey Merz
Angina has traditionally been thought to be caused by obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD). However, a substantial number of patients with angina are found to not have obstructive CAD when undergoing coronary angiography. A significant proportion of these patients have coronary microvascular dysfunction (CMD), characterized by heightened sensitivity to vasoconstrictor stimuli and limited microvascular vasodilator capacity. With the advent of non-invasive and invasive techniques, the coronary microvasculature has been more extensively studied in the past 2 decades...
November 29, 2016: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904029/coronary-artery-calcium-and-carotid-artery-intima-media-thickness-and-plaque-clinical-use-in-need-of-clarification
#13
Maryam Zaid, Akira Fujiyoshi, Aya Kadota, Robert D Abbott, Katsuyuki Miura
Atherosclerosis begins in early life and has a long latent period prior to onset of clinical disease. Measures of subclinical atherosclerosis, therefore, may have important implications for research and clinical practice of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). In this review, we focus on coronary artery calcium (CAC) and carotid artery intima-media thickness (cIMT) and plaque as many population-based studies have investigated these measures due to their non-invasive features and ease of administration...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904026/inverse-relationship-between-sleep-duration-and-cardio-ankle-vascular-index-in-children
#14
Noriteru Morita, Isao Kambayashi, Tomoyasu Okuda, Shiro Oda, Shingo Takada, Toshihiro Nakajima, Noriyuki Shide, Hisashi Shinkaiya, Koichi Okita
AIM: Poor sleep has been shown to be associated with the development of cardiovascular risk factors, such as obesity, in both adults and children. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between sleep duration and arterial stiffness indices in Japanese children and early adolescents. METHODS: The data on 102 students (56 males, 46 females; mean age, 11.9±1.8 years) were analyzed. As non-invasive arterial stiffness parameters, the cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) and heart-ankle pulse wave velocity (haPWV) were evaluated...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904000/effects-of-flaxseed-oil-on-serum-lipids-and-lipoproteins-in-hemodialysis-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Maryam Mirfatahi, Hadi Tabibi, Alireza Nasrollahi, Mehdi Hedayati
INTRODUCTION: One of the major risk factors for cardiovascular disease is lipid abnormalities among hemodialysis patients. The present study was designed to investigate the effects of flaxseed oil consumption on serum lipids and lipoproteins in hemodialysis patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a randomized double-blinded controlled trial, 34 hemodialysis patients were assigned to either the flaxseed oil or the control group. The patients in the flaxseed oil group received 6 g/d of flaxseed oil for 8 weeks, whereas the control group received 6 g/d of medium chain triglycerides oil...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903996/survival-of-patients-on-hemodialysis-and-predictors-of-mortality-a-single-centre-analysis-of-time-dependent-factors
#16
Shahrzad Ossareh, Farhat Farrokhi, Marjan Zebarjadi
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to evaluate the outcome and predictors of survival in hemodialysis patients of Hasheminejad Kidney Center where a comprehensive dialysis care program has been placed since 2004. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data of 560 hemodialysis patients were used to evaluate 9-year survival rates and predictors of mortality. Cox regression models included comorbidities as well as averaged and 6-month-averaged time-dependent values of laboratory findings as independent factors...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903540/greater-volume-but-not-higher-density-of-abdominal-aortic-calcium-is-associated-with-increased-cardiovascular-disease-risk-mesa-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis
#17
Nketi I Forbang, Erin D Michos, Robyn L McClelland, Rosemay A Remigio-Baker, Matthew A Allison, Veit Sandfort, Joachim H Ix, Isac Thomas, Dena E Rifkin, Michael H Criqui
BACKGROUND: Abdominal aortic calcium (AAC) and coronary artery calcium (CAC) independently and similarly predict cardiovascular disease (CVD) events. The standard AAC and CAC score, the Agatston method, upweights for greater calcium density, thereby modeling higher calcium density as a CVD hazard. METHODS AND RESULTS: Computed tomography scans were used to measure AAC and CAC volume and density in a multiethnic cohort of community-dwelling individuals, and Cox proportional hazard was used to determine their independent association with incident coronary heart disease (CHD, defined as myocardial infarction, resuscitated cardiac arrest, or CHD death), cardiovascular disease (CVD, defined as CHD plus stroke and stroke death), and all-cause mortality...
November 2016: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903376/-the-prevalence-of-ideal-cardiovascular-health-metrics-in-southeast-chinese-middle-aged-men
#18
S W Shen, Y Lu, H J Qi, C J Yang, Y P Wang, F Li, K D Shui, Z H Shen
Objective: To observe the prevalence and distribution of ideal cardiovascular health metrics in middle-aged men living in Su-Xi-Chang region and explore the relationship between health behavior and health factors. Methods: A total of 27 824 middle-aged men, who took part in health examination in the Center for Healthcare Management, Taihu Rehabilitation Hospital of Jiangsu Province from January 2014 to June 2015, were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. The ideal cardiovascular health metrics were defined by the American Heart Association criteria with minor modification in that the amount of vegetable intake was replaced by salt intake...
October 24, 2016: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903146/association-of-obesity-related-metabolic-disruptions-with-cancer-risk-and-outcome
#19
Ana Elisa Lohmann, Pamela J Goodwin, Rowan T Chlebowski, Kathy Pan, Vuk Stambolic, Ryan J O Dowling
Over the past 40 years, the prevalence of obesity has increased epidemically worldwide, which raises significant concerns regarding public health and the associated economic burden. Obesity is a major risk factor for several conditions including cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes, and recent evidence suggests that obesity negatively affects cancer risk and outcome. The relationship between obesity and cancer is complex and involves multiple factors both at the systemic and cellular level. Indeed, disruptions in insulin metabolism, adipokines, inflammation, and sex hormones all contribute to the adverse effects of obesity in cancer development and progression...
December 10, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902846/physical-activity-and-other-determinants-of-survival-in-the-oldest-adults
#20
Antonio Muscari, Giampaolo Bianchi, Paola Forti, Marco Giovagnoli, Donatella Magalotti, Paolo Pandolfi, Marco Zoli
OBJECTIVES: To determine the role of physical activity as a possible survival determinant in the oldest adults. DESIGN: Prospective, longitudinal, population-based cohort. SETTING: The Pianoro Study of community-dwelling older adults in three towns in northern Italy. PARTICIPANTS: Noninstitutionalized individuals aged 85 and older (n = 500; mean age 89.6 ± 3.1, 65% female). MEASUREMENTS: Participants provided information on marital status, educational level, previous work activity, cardiovascular risk factors, previous cardiovascular events, self-rated health, joint pain, and functional status...
November 30, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
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