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Josep Pastor Cano, Ana Aranda García, José Francisco Sánchez Ruiz, Víctor José Rausell Rausell, Mariana Tobaruela Soto, Juan José Gascón Cánovas
OBJECTIVE: Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs) are widely used but they increase the risk of gastrointestinal haemorrage among other adverse effects. The objective of this study was to compare potentially inappropriate medications (PIM) by NSAIDs using the original Beers Criteria, a global reference for evaluating elderly people's prescriptions, and the Spanish adaptation of the same; and the relation between PIM of NSAIDs and gastrointestinal bleeding. METHODS: The study was a retrospective observational study carried out located in a primary care district in the province of de Murcia, south-eastern Spain...
May 28, 2018: Revista Española de Salud Pública
Monica Verdoia, Elvin Khedi, Claudia Ceccon, Harry Suryapranata, Giuseppe De Luca
BACKGROUND: Acute coronary syndromes (ACS) represent a context of higher thrombotic risk, where larger advantages have been achieved by the administration of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT). However, the indication of 1 year DAPT after coronary angioplasty for ACS has been supported by an outdated randomized trial (PCI-CURE). In addition, the initial fear of late thrombotic events emerged with first generation drug-eluting stents (DES), that suggested the need of a prolonged DAPT prescription, has been completely overcome by the recent technological evolution of DES, that have shown faster re-endothelization and lower rates of late thrombotic complications...
August 1, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
Ana García-Prieto, Marian Goicoechea, Tania Linares, Nayara Panizo, María Soledad García de Vinuesa, Úrsula Verdalles, Eduardo Verde, Ana Pérez de José, José Luño
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: There is controversy concerning the risk/benefit of anticoagulation/antiaggregation in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. We analysed the impact of anticoagulation/antiaggregation on anaemia and haemorrhagic events in CKD patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 232 CKD patients stages 3 and 4 were followed during a mean follow-up time of 36.7 ± 11.6 months: 81 patients did not receive any anticoagulation or antiaggregation treatment, 91 received anticoagulation treatment and 60 patients received platelet antiaggregation...
March 1, 2018: Medicina Clínica
V Vitalis, C Carfantan, A Montcriol, S Peyrefitte, A Luft, T Pouget, A Sailliol, S Ausset, E Meaudre, J Bordes
INTRODUCTION: Haemorrage is the leading cause of death after combat related injuries and bleeding management is the cornerstone of management of these casualties. French armed forces are deployed in Barkhane operation in the Sahel-Saharan Strip who represents an immense area. Since this constraint implies evacuation times beyond doctrinal timelines, an institutional decision has been made to deploy blood products on the battlefield and transfuse casualties before role 2 admission if indicated...
May 2018: Injury
Somia Iqtadar, Nabeel Akbar, Naima Huma, Fawad Ahmad Randhawa
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the range of hepatic involvement in dengue infections by assessing clinical and biochemical profile of adult dengue infected patients. METHODS: Serologically confirmed 220 adult cases of dengue infections admitted to Mayo hospital from June 2013 to November 2013 were classified as having dengue fever, dengue haemorragic fever and dengue shock syndrome. The frequency and range of bilirubin, liver enzymes derangement and presence of liver enlargement in each group was calculated and further stratified according to age and gender...
July 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
M E Cucuzza, S D Marino, L Schiavone, P Smilari, F Filosco, P Barone
Diffuse alveolar haemorrhage (DAH) is a rare life-threatening complication of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), associated with high mortality rates. It usually occurs in patients with an established diagnosis of SLE. It has been reported as the initial presentation of SLE in 11-20% of cases. It occurs most frequently in females. We describe the case of a child, aged 14 years, with fever, asthenia, haemoptysis, dyspnea, anaemia, increased inflammatory markers, positivity to ANA, nDNA, direct Coombs tests, anticardiolipin antibodies and complement factors consumption...
March 2018: Lupus
Nebojsa M Antonijevic, Ivana D Zivkovic, Ljubica M Jovanovic, Dragan M Matic, Mladen J Kocica, Igor B Mrdovic, Vladimir I Kanjuh, Milica D Culafic
The superiority of dabigatran has been well proven in the standard dosing regimen in prevention of stroke and systemic embolism in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) and extended venous thromboembolism (VTE) treatment. Dabigatran, an anticoagulant with a good safety profile, reduces intracranial bleeding in patients with atrial fibrillation and decreases major and clinically relevant non-major bleeding in acute VTE treatment. However, several important clinical issues are not fully covered by currently available directions with regard to dabigatran administration...
2017: Current Drug Metabolism
Prafulla Herode, Abhijeet Shroff, Vishal Mandlewala, Amit Chaudhary
INTRODUCTION: Meniscal cysts are rare, in that cysts of lateral meniscus are 3 times to 10 times more common than those of medial meniscus. Etiology of meniscal cysts includes trauma which results in contusion and haemorrage within the substance of meniscus leading to mucoid degeneration. Degeneration with age results in local necrosis and mucoid degeneration into a cyst, developmental inclusion of synovial cells within the substance of the meniscus and often are a result of extrusion of synovial fluid through a tear of the meniscus, resulting in a one-way valve effect of the tear...
July 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
Andrea B Galosi, Paola Fulvi, Andrea Fabiani, Lucilla Servi, Alessandra Filosa, Luca Leone, Angelo Marronaro, Enrico Caraceni, Rodolfo Montironi
INTRODUCTION: The incidence of benign testicular tumors is increasing in particular in small lesion incidentally found at scrotal ultrasonography. Primary aim of this study was to perform radical surgery in malignant tumor. Secondary aim was to verify the efficacy of the diagnostic-therapeutic pathway recently adopted in management of small masses with testis sparing surgery in benign lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this multicenter study, we reviewed all patients with single testis lesion less than 15 mm at ultrasound as main diameter...
December 30, 2016: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
Abu-Sitta Al-Drawi, Michał Wiciński, Grzegorz Grześk, Katarzyna Szadujkis-Szadurska, Elżbieta Grześk, Mateusz Maciej Węclewicz, Agnieszka Michalska, Anna Czeczuk, Elżbieta Huk-Wieliczuk
INTRODUCTION: The term 'subarachnoid haemorrhage' (SAH) stands for bleeding into the subarachnoid space, regardless of its source. It may be of primary character when the source of bleeding is situated within the subarachnoid space. Subarachnoid haemorrhage is often described as spontaneous bleeding, mainly in order to differentiate it from post-traumatic bleeding. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the concentration of ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 in the blood of patients in the early phase following subarachnoid haemorrhage in terms of searching for markers useful in subarachnoid bleeding diagnostics and monitoring a patient's clinical state...
December 23, 2016: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
Mauro Cozzolino, Elena Rita Magro Malosso, Federica Perelli, Chiara Franchi, Maria Elisabetta Coccia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Sergio Baldi, Francesco Coni, Giorgio Limerutti, Massimo Baccega, Enrico Ruffini, Paolo Solidoro
Endoscopic treatment of emphysema is supported by different methods, including valves, coils and sealants. The mechanism is mainly related to volume reduction of targeted area. Endobronchial valves (EBV) appear the most studied method. In a multicentre randomised study, placement of unidirectional endobronchial valves resulted in a statistically significant functional improvement in the treated cohort compared to the control. Adverse events, occurring post procedure, included COPD exacerbations, haemoptysis, pneumothorax and pneumonia...
2016: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, Archivio Monaldi Per le Malattie del Torace
Andrea Picchi, Marco Ferlini, Ugo Limbruno, Stefano De Servi
Dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT ) is recommended up to 12 months in patients with acute coronary syndromes, but the risk of cardiovascular events in this group of subjects remains high, also in the long-term follow-up. The potential benefit of a prolonged period of DAPT has recently been assessed in three large-volume randomized clinical trials (PEGASUS, DAPT-MI, TRA2P-TIMI 50) but final results are quite difficult to interpret and clear indications for the clinical practice are so far lacking. A direct comparison of the three studies is challenging since relevant differences exist as to clinical features and risk profile of the study populations...
June 2016: Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy
Inês Moreira, Josué Pereira, Joana Oliveira, Sérgio F Salvador, Rui Vaz
OBJECTIVES: Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) emerged as an effective alternative to shunting devices in patients with obstructive hydrocephalus. When ETV fails, neurosurgeons must choose between applying a shunting device or performing a repeat ETV (re-ETV) and attempt a shunt independent outcome. In this series, clinical, surgical and follow-up data from six patients who underwent a second ETV were reviewed. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between January 2005 and June 2015, six patients underwent re-ETV, with four being children...
June 2016: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
Satya Bhusan Senapati, Sudhansu Sekhar Mishra, Manmath Kumar Dhir, Srikanta Das
Hemophilia A is an inherited, X-linked, recessive disorder caused by deficiency of clotting factor VIII. Intracranial hemorrhage is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in these patients. Use of factor replacement products and medications had improved outcome in these patients. But in developing countries many such patients are not able to afford factor replacement products. We report a case of traumatic intracerebellar hemorrage in a hemophilia child. This child presented to us as a case of sub-acute intracerebellar hemorrage, he was managed conservatively with six units of fresh frozen plasma transfusion...
April 2016: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
M Goto, J Hasegawa, T Arakaki, H Takita, T Oba, M Nakamura, A Sekizawa
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the relationship between the timing of opening of the uterine isthmus and bleeding during pregnancy and caesarean section in patients with placenta previa. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted at a single perinatal centre. All patients with placenta previa, diagnosed between 20 and 22 weeks of gestation, who were followed up at the study hospital and underwent caesarean section were enrolled. The condition of the uterine isthmus was examined every 2 weeks...
June 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
A Rhanim, L Herrak, H Slimani, L Achachi, M El Ftouh
INTRODUCTION: Haemorragic pleurisy is fairly common. The etiology is dominated by tumors and tuberculosis. The rupture of intra-thoracic vessels into the pleural cavity is a much rarer cause and the diagnosis is often delayed. OBSERVATION: A 77-year-old patient without previously known hypertension was hospitalized for investigation of a fluid density opacity occupying the entire left hemithorax. Thoracentesis revealed a non-coagulable haemorrhagic fluid. A computed tomography scan showed a Stanford type B aortic dissection...
September 2016: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
Athanassios Zissimopoulos, Theodosia Vogiatzaki, Fotini Babatsikou, Marion Velissaratou, Lukia Baloka, Evangelos Karathanos, Anastasia Pistola, Xristos Christofis, Xristos Iatrou
OBJECTIVE: Subarachnoid haemorrhage is responsible to a great extend for the death rate of patients who are hospitalised in intensive care units (ICU) with haemorrhage. The early detection of its severity plays an important role for the resulting health of the patients. Neurohormone Copeptin is the C-end of pro-arginine vasopressin in plasma has been used as a prognostic marker in a number of various illnesses (acute myocardial infarction, heart and renal failure, acute dyspnoea, intracerebral and subarachnoid haemorrhage, ischaemic stroke, liver cirrhosis, acute pancreatitis)...
September 2015: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine
Zhi-Quan Wang, Rui Zhang, Peng-Pai Zhang, Xiao-Hong Liu, Jian Sun, Jun Wang, Xiang-Fei Feng, Qiu-Fen Lu, Yi-Gang Li
Warfarin is yet the most widely used oral anticoagulant for thromboembolic diseases, despite the recently emerged novel anticoagulants. However, difficulty in maintaining stable dose within the therapeutic range and subsequent serious adverse effects markedly limited its use in clinical practice. Pharmacogenetics-based warfarin dosing algorithm is a recently emerged strategy to predict the initial and maintaining dose of warfarin. However, whether this algorithm is superior over conventional clinically guided dosing algorithm remains controversial...
April 2015: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
I Okafori, E O Ugwu, N Obis, E E Nwogu-Ikojo
BACKGROUND: Complete (type 4) placenta praevia is a major cause of haemorrhage in Obstetrics. Uterine packing is an effective but underutilized life-saving intervention in situation of uncontrolled haemorrahage due to major placenta praevia. OBJECTIVES: To reappraise the effectiveness of uterine packing in the management of complete placenta praevia in order to popularize the practice. METHODS: Seven case series of complete placenta praevia were managed with uterine packing in Enugu, Nigeria between January 2, 2012 and February 28, 2013...
October 2014: Nigerian Journal of Medicine: Journal of the National Association of Resident Doctors of Nigeria
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