keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Osteoarthritis, septic arthritis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071046/native-join-propionibacterium-septic-arthritis
#1
Thomas Taylor, Marcus Coe, Ana Mata-Fink, Richard Zuckerman
Propionibacterium species are associated with normal skin flora and cultures may be dismissed as contaminants. They are increasingly recognized as a cause of septic arthritis following shoulder arthroplasty and arthrotomy. We identified three cases of Propionibacterium septic arthritis in native joints mimicking atypical osteoarthritis and review the literature, clinical course, and treatment of 18 cases. Two cases of Propionibacterium acne in native knee joints and one in a sternoclavicular joint are described...
October 2, 2017: Infectious Disease Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983891/infection-and-failure-rates-following-total-hip-arthroplasty-for-septic-arthritis-a-case-controlled-study
#2
Madhavan C Papanna, Ryad Chebbout, Simon Buckley, Ian Stockley, Andrew Hamer
INTRODUCTION: Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is performed as a 2-stage or single stage procedure in patients with a history of septic arthritis of the native hip joint. The decision is based on whether the infection is active or quiescent in the joint. The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes of total hip arthroplasty for septic arthritis of the native hip to a control series of patients treated for primary osteoarthritis of the hip with standard THA. METHODS: Between March 2000 and March 2013, 18 cases of septic arthritis of the hip treated with THA were retrospectively identified...
October 4, 2017: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793879/septic-arthritis-significantly-increased-the-long-term-mortality-in-geriatric-patients
#3
Chia-Jung Wu, Chien-Cheng Huang, Shih-Feng Weng, Ping-Jen Chen, Chien-Chin Hsu, Jhi-Joung Wang, How-Ran Guo, Hung-Jung Lin
BACKGROUND: The elderly are predisposed to septic arthritis (SA) because of the aging nature and increasing comorbidities. SA may in turn increase the long-term mortality in the geriatric patients; however, it remains unclear. We conducted this prospective nationwide population-based cohort study to clarify this issue. METHODS: Using Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD), we identified 1667 geriatric participants (≥ 65 years) with SA and 16,670 geriatric participants without SA matched at a ratio of 1:10 by age, sex, and index date between 1999 and 2010...
August 9, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774452/imaging-of-posttraumatic-arthritis-avascular-necrosis-septic-arthritis-complex-regional-pain-syndrome-and-cancer-mimicking-arthritis
#4
REVIEW
Andrey Rupasov, Usa Cain, Simone Montoya, Johan G Blickman
This article focuses on the imaging of 5 discrete entities with a common end result of disability: posttraumatic arthritis, a common form of secondary osteoarthritis that results from a prior insult to the joint; avascular necrosis, a disease of impaired osseous blood flow, leading to cellular death and subsequent osseous collapse; septic arthritis, an infectious process leading to destructive changes within the joint; complex regional pain syndrome, a chronic limb-confined painful condition arising after injury; and cases of cancer mimicking arthritis, in which the initial findings seem to represent arthritis, despite a more insidious cause...
September 2017: Radiologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745007/better-arthritis-care-what-training-do-community-based-health-professionals-need-to-improve-their-care-of-people-with-arthritis-a-delphi-study
#5
J Erwin, K Edwards, A Woolf, S Whitcombe, S Kilty
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to identify the competencies that non-specialist community-based nurses and allied health professionals (AHPs) need to enable them to assess, care for and manage arthritis appropriately. METHODS: A Delphi survey with an expert panel of 43 rheumatology specialists and expert patients was used to identify the competencies needed by community-based nurses and AHPs to enable them to improve their care of people with arthritis...
July 26, 2017: Musculoskeletal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713102/-contemporary-use-of-radiosynoviorthesis-in-chronic-polyarthrtitis
#6
Robert Zwolak, Maria Majdan
Radiosynoviorthesis is used for local treatment of recurrent joint effusions, leads to necrosis of inflamed synovium due to beta radiation energy served after intraarticular radionuclide administration. The aim of the therapy is destruction and fibrosis of abnormal, hypertrophic synovial membrane and then full recovery of its normal function after local corticosteroids and systemic modifying drugs failure. Radiosynoviorthesis is effective in different type of peripheral arthritis like rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory spondyloarthtropaties, gout, chondrocalcinosis, pigmented villo-nodular synovitis, recurrent knee effusion after total joint replacement, idiopathic knee joint effusion, osteoarthritis and secondary prevention of intraarticular bleeding in haemophilia...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627937/the-safety-of-intra-articular-injections-for-the-treatment-of-knee-osteoarthritis-a-critical-narrative-review
#7
REVIEW
Christelle Nguyen, François Rannou
International guidelines recommend that the management of knee osteoarthritis (OA) combine both nonpharmacological and pharmacological interventions. Intra-articular (IA) therapies are considered part of this multimodal approach and are well-established Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and European Medicines Agency (EMA)-approved treatments. Areas covered: Safety data for knee OA, including IA corticosteroids, hyaluronic acid, platelet-rich plasma and botulinum toxin are critically reviewed, and evidence- and pratice-based measures to improve safety of IA therapies are discussed...
August 2017: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616779/-arthrodesis-of-the-distal-interphalangeal-joint-using-the-headless-compression-screw
#8
REVIEW
C K Spies, B Hohendorff, S Löw, L P Müller, J Oppermann, P Hahn, F Unglaub
OBJECTIVE: Arthrodesis of the distal interphalangeal joint of the fingers and interphalangeal joint of the thumb in order to gain reliable stability and function. INDICATIONS: Primary and secondary osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, defect lesions, septic joint destruction, posttraumatic joint deviation, fatal joint instability, fatal tendon lesions. CONTRAINDICATIONS: Persistent infections (empyema, osteomyelitis, phlegmon), deficient soft tissue mantle, bone/screw mismatch...
June 14, 2017: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601485/surgical-treatment-of-shoulder-infections-a-comparison-between-arthroscopy-and-arthrotomy
#9
Christoph Böhler, Alexander Pock, Wenzel Waldstein, Kevin Staats, Stephan E Puchner, Johannes Holinka, Reinhard Windhager
BACKGROUND: Management of bacterial shoulder infections includes antibiotic therapy and surgical joint decompression. Arthroscopy and open arthrotomy are recommended treatment options. Whether 1 of the 2 surgical options is superior remains unclear. The present study aimed (1) to compare the reinfection rates after arthroscopy and open arthrotomy and (2) to identify risk factors of reinfection after surgical intervention. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data of 59 consecutive patients were available for final analysis...
November 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580838/a-diagnostic-pathologist-s-guide-to-carpal-disease-in-racehorses
#10
Julie B Engiles, Holly Stewart, Jennifer Janes, Laura A Kennedy
As a pathologist, postmortem examination of the equine carpus can be daunting. The anatomy is complex and oftentimes, small or subtle lesions have significant impact on lameness and secondary lesions such as catastrophic musculoskeletal fractures and other injuries. In performance horses, particularly racehorses, the carpus is a common site of injury and source of lameness. Given the predisposition of racehorses to developing carpal disease, familiarity with clinically relevant anatomy and common developmental, degenerative, traumatic, and inflammatory processes are imperative for thorough postmortem examination...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577210/-distal-femoral-osteotomy-using-a-lateral-opening-wedge-technique
#11
M J Feucht, J Mehl, P Forkel, A B Imhoff, S Hinterwimmer
OBJECTIVE: To shift the weight-bearing axis of the lower limb medially by opening a lateral-based metaphyseal osteotomy at the distal femur. INDICATIONS: Femoral-based valgus malalignment and symptomatic lateral unicompartimental osteoarthritis, lateral hyperpression syndrome, cartilage therapy of the lateral compartment, lateral meniscal replacement/transplantation, medial instability with valgus thrust, reconstruction of the medial collateral ligament, patellar instability and/or maltracking...
August 2017: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576913/peptoniphilus-asaccharolyticus-associated-septic-arthritis-and-osteomyelitis-in-a-woman-with-osteoarthritis-and-diabetes-mellitus
#12
Rajanshu Verma, Shogofa Morrad, Jason J Wirtz
Peptoniphilus asaccharolyticus, a Gram-positive obligatory anaerobic coccus, is a commensal of the human vagina and gut and can be an opportunistic pathogen in immunocompromised patients. It is usually part of polymicrobial anaerobic infections such as skin and soft tissue infections in diabetics, bone and joint infections and surgical site infections; however, infections caused by P. asaccharolyticus in pure culture have been reported as well. Herein, we describe a case of septic arthritis and osteomyelitis caused by P...
June 2, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513981/exposure-to-fermentation-supernatant-of-staphylococcus-aureus-accelerated-dedifferentiation-of-chondrocytes-and-production-of-antimicrobial-peptides
#13
Shuaijun Li, Yun Zhang, Yidan Sun, Weigang Cao, Lei Cui
Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is the most popular pathogen found in septic arthritis. Despite bacteria was eradicated from joint cavity during acute infection, destruction of articular cartilage often continues for years, leading to permanent joint damage. The mechanism responsible for this consistent catabolic reaction in septic arthritis remains unclear. Here, we found that fermentation supernatant (FS) of S. aureus accelerated dedifferentiation of chondrocytes and induced expression of catabolic factors including A Disintegrin-like and Metalloproteinase with Thrombospondin-1 motifs 5, NO synthase 2, matrix metalloproteinase-3, -13...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464432/septic-arthritis-in-the-emergency-departments-in-the-u-s-a-national-study-of-healthcare-utilization-and-time-trends
#14
Jasvinder A Singh, Shaohua Yu
OBJECTIVE: To assess health care utilization and emergency department (ED) charges for septic arthritis. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of ED visits with septic arthritis as the primary diagnosis using the U.S. Nationwide Emergency Department Sample (NEDS) data from 2009-12. We examined ED charges, hospitalization and associated time-trends. Multivariable models adjusted for demographics (age, sex, insurance status, residence, household income), comorbidity and hospital characteristics to assess factors associated with ED charges and hospitalization...
May 2, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399605/cementless-total-knee-arthroplasty-in-patients-older-than-75-years
#15
Jared M Newman, Anton Khlopas, Morad Chughtai, Chukwuweike U Gwam, Jaydev B Mistry, George A Yakubek, Steven F Harwin, Michael A Mont
Some surgeons have been hesitant to use cementless fixation for total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in elderly patients due to concerns regarding successful bone biological fixation. Therefore, this study evaluated: (1) implant survivorship, (2) functional outcomes, (3) radiographic outcomes, and (4) complications in patients over 75 years of age who underwent cementless total knee arthroplasty. A total of 134 patients (142 TKAs) older than 75 years at a single institution between June 2008 and June 2014 were retrospectively reviewed...
November 2017: Journal of Knee Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326213/a-fatal-sepsis-caused-by-hyaluronate-knee-injection-how-much-the-medical-history-and-the-informed-consent-might-be-important
#16
F Manfreda, G Rinonapoli, A Nardi, P Antinolfi, A Caraffa
The incidence of Osteoarthritis (OA) is gradually increasing worldwide due to two main reasons: longer life expectation and increased functional demand. Several treatment options have been proposed for this disease. Conservative treatment has the goal to improve the quality of life, reduce pain, and prevent the progression of the disease. Hyaluronate viscosupplementation is one of the most used infiltrative treatments for OA, but, despite its common use, clinical efficacy is still under question. Though adverse reactions for this medical option are actually rare, septic arthritis is a very scaring complication...
2017: Case Reports in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255620/spontaneous-radioscapholunate-fusion-after-septic-arthritis-of-the-wrist-a-case-report
#17
S Quadlbauer, Ch Pezzei, J Jurkowitsch, T Keuchel, T Hausner, M Leixnering
Bacterial septic arthritis rarely occurs in the upper extremities. Yet, early diagnosis and treatment is important, as a delay in diagnosis results in pain, impaired hand function, and degenerative joint disease. Radioscapholunate (RSL) arthrodesis is a well-established procedure for treating inflammatory arthritis and osteoarthritis (primary or posttraumatic), primarily to achieve pain relief. The wrist deformity correction offers an alternative option to total wrist arthrodesis. Indications for a RSL arthrodesis are osteoarthritis of the radiolunate and radioscaphoid joint with a concomitant intact midcarpal joint...
April 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187026/an-algorithmic-approach-to-the-suspected-septic-wrist
#18
Jeffrey R Claiborne, Leslie G Branch, Michael Reynolds, Anthony J Defranzo
An acutely painful, erythematous wrist can be due to a variety of pathologic processes, including crystalline arthropathy, infection, trauma, osteoarthritis, and systemic disease. The broad differential diagnosis of the inflamed wrist and nonspecific clinical findings make accurate diagnosis challenging. There is no published clinical or laboratory criterion that reliably differentiates septic wrist arthritis from a sterile inflammatory arthropathy. For septic joint patients, long-term results are notably poorer in patients with a delay in treatment, therefore establishing evidenced-based guidelines deserves attention...
June 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026738/-infectious-inflammation-of-pubic-symphysis-symphysitis-pubis-purulenta-five-case-reports-and-literature-view
#19
REVIEW
F Fridrich, V Báča, V Džupa
Purulent inflammation of the pubic symphysis is a rare condition involving the symphysis and parasymphyseal parts of the pubic bones. It is usually found in immuno-compromised patients and its most frequent cause is Staphylococcus aureus. Conservative treatment is based on long-term administration of antibiotics and has been efficient, as reported, in about 50% of the patients. The authors treated five patients with a late diagnosis of purulent infection of the pubic symphysis in whom the antibiotic therapy had to be completed by surgical intervention...
2016: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942968/false-positive-cultures-after-native-knee-aspiration-true-or-false
#20
Jason M Jennings, Douglas A Dennis, Raymond H Kim, Todd M Miner, Charlie C Yang, David C McNabb
BACKGROUND: Synovial fluid aspiration is a routine practice used by most orthopaedic surgeons to aid in the diagnosis of joint infection. In patients for whom there is a low pretest probability of infection, a positive culture-particularly if it is a broth-only culture-may be considered a contaminant, especially if the bacterial species are skin pathogens. To our knowledge no study has evaluated the incidence of contamination of aspirations from the native knee. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: What is the frequency of false-positive cultures among knee aspirations of the native knee? METHODS: Two hundred patients, with a total of 200 knees, with the diagnosis of degenerative osteoarthritis undergoing a total knee arthroplasty (TKA) were identified for this study...
July 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
keyword
keyword
21941
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"