keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Information technology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792812/ultralow-damping-in-nanometer-thick-epitaxial-spinel-ferrite-thin-films
#1
Satoru Emori, Di Yi, Sam Crossley, Jacob J Wisser, Purnima P Balakrishnan, Behrouz Khodadadi, Padraic Shafer, Christoph Klewe, Alpha T N'Diaye, Brittany T Urwin, Krishnamurthy Mahalingam, Brandon Howe, Harold Y Hwang, Elke Arenholz, Yuri Suzuki
Pure spin currents, unaccompanied by dissipative charge flow, are essential for realizing energy-efficient nanomagnetic information and communications devices. Thin-film magnetic insulators have been identified as promising materials for spin-current technology, since they are thought to exhibit lower damping compared to their metallic counterparts. However, insulating behavior is not a sufficient requirement for low damping, as evidenced by the very limited options for low-damping insulators. Here, we demonstrate a new class of nanometer-thick ultralow-damping insulating thin films, based on design criteria that minimize orbital angular momentum and structural disorder...
May 24, 2018: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792466/the-science-of-team-science-a-review-of-the-empirical-evidence-and-research-gaps-on-collaboration-in-science
#2
Kara L Hall, Amanda L Vogel, Grace C Huang, Katrina J Serrano, Elise L Rice, Sophia P Tsakraklides, Stephen M Fiore
Collaborations among researchers and across disciplinary, organizational, and cultural boundaries are vital to address increasingly complex challenges and opportunities in science and society. In addition, unprecedented technological advances create new opportunities to capitalize on a broader range of expertise and information in scientific collaborations. Yet rapid increases in the demand for scientific collaborations have outpaced changes in the factors needed to support teams in science, such as institutional structures and policies, scientific culture, and funding opportunities...
May 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792259/going-digital-a-checklist-in-preparing-for-hospital-wide-electronic-medical-record-implementation-and-digital-transformation
#3
Ian A Scott, Clair Sullivan, Andrew Staib
Objective In an era of rapid digitisation of Australian hospitals, practical guidance is needed in how to successfully implement electronic medical records (EMRs) as both a technical innovation and a major transformative change in clinical care. The aim of the present study was to develop a checklist that clearly and comprehensively defines the steps that best prepare hospitals for EMR implementation and digital transformation. Methods The checklist was developed using a formal methodological framework comprised of: literature reviews of relevant issues; an interactive workshop involving a multidisciplinary group of digital leads from Queensland hospitals; a draft document based on literature and workshop proceedings; and a review and feedback from senior clinical leads...
May 24, 2018: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792080/stakeholders-resistance-to-telemedicine-with-focus-on-physicians-utilizing-the-delphi-technique
#4
Woo Seok Choi, Joowoong Park, Jin Young Brian Choi, Jae-Suk Yang
Introduction Sufficient infrastructure for information and communications technology (ICT) and a well-established policy are necessary factors for smooth implementation of telemedicine. However, despite these necessary conditions being met, there are situations where telemedicine still fails to be accepted as a system due to the low receptivity of stakeholders. In this study, we analyse stakeholders' resistance to an organization's implementation of telemedicine. Focusing on the physicians' interests, we propose a strategy to minimize conflicts and improve acceptance...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792036/meeting-the-challenge-for-effective-antimicrobial-stewardship-programs-in-regional-rural-and-remote-hospitals-what-can-we-learn-from-the-published-literature
#5
Jaclyn Bishop, David Cm Kong, Thomas R Schulz, Karin A Thursky, Kirsty L Buising
INTRODUCTION: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) has been recognised as an urgent health priority, both nationally and internationally. Australian hospitals are required to have an antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) program, yet the necessary resources may not be available in regional, rural or remote hospitals. This review will describe models for AMS programs that have been introduced in regional, rural or remote hospitals internationally and showcase achievements and key considerations that may guide Australian hospitals in establishing or sustaining AMS programs in the regional, rural or remote hospital setting...
May 2018: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791673/development-of-a-clinical-protocol-for-detection-of-cervical-cancer-precursor-lesions
#6
Deise Maria Do Nascimento Sousa, Ana Carolina Maria Araújo Chagas, Camila Teixeira Moreira Vasconcelos, Airton Tetelbom Stein, Mônica Oliveira Batista Oriá
OBJECTIVE: to develop and validate the content of a clinical protocol aimed at prevention of cervical cancer in primary care. METHOD: technological research according to the steps: (1) submission of the project to the research ethics committee; (2) bibliographic survey; (3) elaboration of the clinical protocol; and (4) content validation. In the third step, the information was collected through bibliographic research and gynecology specialists were consulted. For the final step, four judges were selected to evaluate the clinical protocol according to AGREE 2...
2018: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791631/educational-technology-a-facilitating-instrument-for-the-elderly-care
#7
Rachel da Silva Serejo Cardoso, Selma Petra Chaves Sá, Ana Maria Domingos, Vera Maria Sabóia, Tauan Nunes Maia, Joviria Marcia Ferreira de Oliveira Padilha, Glycia de Almeida Nogueira
OBJECTIVE: To develop educational technology with caregivers of older people based on the needs, difficulties and concerns related to the elderly care expressed by the caregivers themselves. METHOD: Research of qualitative nature, with participant observation, based on concepts used by Paulo Freire. Data collection and analysis used the "World Cafe" methodology and the thematic content analysis, respectively. RESULT: The needs of these caregivers refer to their training and information on aging...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791393/on-the-use-of-deep-neural-networks-in-optical-communications
#8
Sanjaya Lohani, Erin M Knutson, Matthew O'Donnell, Sean D Huver, Ryan T Glasser
Information transfer rates in optical communications may be dramatically increased by making use of spatially non-Gaussian states of light. Here, we demonstrate the ability of deep neural networks to classify numerically generated, noisy Laguerre-Gauss modes of up to 100 quanta of orbital angular momentum with near-unity fidelity. The scheme relies only on the intensity profile of the detected modes, allowing for considerable simplification of current measurement schemes required to sort the states containing increasing degrees of orbital angular momentum...
May 20, 2018: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791361/no-reference-stereoscopic-image-quality-assessment-based-on-hue-summation-difference-mapping-image-and-binocular-joint-mutual-filtering
#9
Jiachen Yang, Kyohoon Sim, Bin Jiang, Wen Lu
The no-reference (NR) quality assessment for stereoscopic images plays a significant role in 3D technology, but it also faces great challenges. In this paper, a novel NR stereo image quality assessment (SIQA) method is proposed. Based on the human visual system, this method mimics the summation and difference channels, which consider the binocular interactive perception property, to process the visual information. Especially, the summation and difference images are calculated by the contrast of hue and luminance in color patches...
May 10, 2018: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791243/amcp-partnership-forum-managing-care-in-the-wave-of-precision-medicine
#10
(no author information available yet)
Precision medicine, the customization of health care to an individual's genetic profile while accounting for biomarkers and lifestyle, has increasingly been adopted by health care stakeholders to guide the development of treatment options, improve treatment decision making, provide more patient-centered care, and better inform coverage and reimbursement decisions. Despite these benefits, key challenges prevent its broader use and adoption. On December 7-8, 2017, the Academy of Managed Care Pharmacy convened a group of stakeholders to discuss these challenges and provide recommendations to facilitate broader adoption and use of precision medicine across health care settings...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790941/asaim-a-galaxy-based-framework-to-analyze-microbiota-data
#11
Bérénice Batut, Kévin Gravouil, Clémence Defois, Saskia Hiltemann, Jean-François Brugère, Eric Peyretaillade, Pierre Peyret
Background: New generations of sequencing platforms coupled to numerous bioinformatics tools has led to rapid technological progress in metagenomics and metatranscriptomics to investigate complex microorganism communities. Nevertheless, a combination of different bioinformatic tools remains necessary to draw conclusions out of microbiota studies. Modular and user-friendly tools would greatly improve such studies. Findings: We therefore developed ASaiM, an Open-Source Galaxy-based framework dedicated to microbiota data analyses...
May 22, 2018: GigaScience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790393/assistive-technology-policy-a-position-paper-from-the-first-global-research-innovation-and-education-on-assistive-technology-great-summit
#12
Malcolm MacLachlan, David Banes, Diane Bell, Johan Borg, Brian Donnelly, Michael Fembek, Ritu Ghosh, Rosie Gowran, Emma Hannay, Diana Hiscock, Evert-Jan Hoogerwerf, Tracey Howe, Friedbert Kohler, Natasha Layton, Siobhán Long, Hasheem Mannan, Gubela Mji, Thomas Odera Ongolo, Katherine Perry, Cecilia Pettersson, Jessica Power, Vinicius Delgado Ramos, Lenka Slepičková, Emma Smith, Kiu Tay-Teo, Priscille Geiser, Hilary Hooks
Increased awareness, interest and use of assistive technology (AT) presents substantial opportunities for many citizens to become, or continue being, meaningful participants in society. However, there is a significant shortfall between the need for and provision of AT, and this is patterned by a range of social, demographic and structural factors. To seize the opportunity that assistive technology offers, regional, national and sub-national assistive technology policies are urgently required. This paper was developed for and through discussion at the Global Research, Innovation and Education on Assistive Technology (GREAT) Summit; organized under the auspices of the World Health Organization's Global Collaboration on Assistive Technology (GATE) program...
May 23, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789467/the-present-and-future-of-whole-genome-sequencing-wgs-and-whole-metagenome-sequencing-wms-for-surveillance-of-antimicrobial-resistant-microorganisms-and-antimicrobial-resistance-genes-across-the-food-chain
#13
REVIEW
Elena A Oniciuc, Eleni Likotrafiti, Adrián Alvarez-Molina, Miguel Prieto, Jesús A Santos, Avelino Alvarez-Ordóñez
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) surveillance is a critical step within risk assessment schemes, as it is the basis for informing global strategies, monitoring the effectiveness of public health interventions, and detecting new trends and emerging threats linked to food. Surveillance of AMR is currently based on the isolation of indicator microorganisms and the phenotypic characterization of clinical, environmental and food strains isolated. However, this approach provides very limited information on the mechanisms driving AMR or on the presence or spread of AMR genes throughout the food chain...
May 22, 2018: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788880/recent-advances-in-nanosuspension-technology-for-drug-delivery
#14
Daisy Arora, Bharat Khurana, Goutam Rath, Sanju Nanda, Amit K Goyal
BACKGROUND: Discovery and development of BCS class 1 drugs through high throughput screening is one of the biggest challenge faced by formulation scientist. METHODS: There are a number of approaches that have been exploited to enhance the solubility and permeability of drugs. Among them, development of nanosuspension has offered several benefits. These techniques may increase effective surface area due to nanonization of drug particles and further increases saturation solubility and dissolution properties for improved bioavailability...
May 21, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788423/variability-in-adolescent-portal-privacy-features-how-the-unique-privacy-needs-of-the-adolescent-patient-create-a-complex-decision-making-process
#15
Marianne Sharko, Lauren Wilcox, Matthew K Hong, Jessica S Ancker
Objective: Medical privacy policies, which are clear-cut for adults and young children, become ambiguous during adolescence. Yet medical organizations must establish unambiguous rules about patient and parental access to electronic patient portals. We conducted a national interview study to characterize the diversity in adolescent portal policies across a range of institutions and determine the factors influencing decisions about these policies. Methods: Within a sampling framework that ensured diversity of geography and medical organization type, we used purposive and snowball sampling to identify key informants...
May 17, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788401/enabling-clinicians-to-easily-find-location-based-travel-health-recommendations-is-innovation-needed
#16
R Ryan Lash, Allison Taylor Walker, C Virginia Lee, Regina LaRocque, Sowmya R Rao, Edward T Ryan, Gary Brunette, Kelly Holton, Mark J Sotir
Background: The types of place names and the level of geographic detail that patients report to clinicians regarding their intended travel itineraries vary. The reported place names may not match those in published travel health recommendations, making traveler-specific recommendations potentially difficult and time-consuming to identify. Most published recommendations are at the country level; however, subnational recommendations exist when documented disease risk varies within a country, as for malaria and yellow fever...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788287/provider-and-patient-satisfaction-with-the-integration-of-ambulatory-and-hospital-ehr-systems
#17
Chad D Meyerhoefer, Susan A Sherer, Mary E Deily, Shin-Yi Chou, Xiaohui Guo, Jie Chen, Michael Sheinberg, Donald Levick
Objective: The installation of EHR systems can disrupt operations at clinical practice sites, but also lead to improvements in information availability. We examined how the installation of an ambulatory EHR at OB/GYN practices and its subsequent interface with an inpatient perinatal EHR affected providers' satisfaction with the transmission of clinical information and patients' ratings of their care experience. Methods: We collected data on provider satisfaction through 4 survey rounds during the phased implementation of the EHR...
May 16, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787775/health-information-exposure-from-information-and-communication-technologies-and-its-associations-with-health-behaviors-population-based-survey
#18
Chen Shen, Man Ping Wang, Alice Wan, Kasisomayajula Viswanath, Sophia Siu Chee Chan, Tai Hing Lam
Health information and communication technologies (ICTs) are increasingly used but little is known about routine exposure to health information from ICTs and its associations with health behaviors. A territory-wide population-based dual landline and mobile telephone survey was conducted in 2016 in Hong Kong, where smartphone ownership and Internet access are among the most prevalent, easiest and fastest in the world. Health information exposure from traditional sources (television/radio/newspaper/magazine), Internet websites, social media sites and instant messaging (IM); and information on smoking, alcohol consumption and physical activity were recorded...
May 19, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787455/a-national-report-of-nursing-home-quality-and-information-technology-two-year-trends
#19
Gregory L Alexander, Richard Madsen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Journal of Nursing Care Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787428/use-of-proteomic-and-hematology-biomarkers-for-prediction-of-hematopoietic-acute-radiation-syndrome-severity-in-baboon-radiation-models
#20
William F Blakely, David L Bolduc, Jeff Debad, George Sigal, Matthias Port, Michael Abend, Marco Valente, Michel Drouet, Francis Hérodin
Use of plasma proteomic and hematological biomarkers represents a promising approach to provide useful diagnostic information for assessment of the severity of hematopoietic acute radiation syndrome. Eighteen baboons were evaluated in a radiation model that underwent total-body and partial-body irradiations at doses of Co gamma rays from 2.5 to 15 Gy at dose rates of 6.25 cGy min and 32 cGy min. Hematopoietic acute radiation syndrome severity levels determined by an analysis of blood count changes measured up to 60 d after irradiation were used to gauge overall hematopoietic acute radiation syndrome severity classifications...
July 2018: Health Physics
keyword
keyword
2194
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"