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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350001/-analysis-of-complications-of-percutaneous-endoscopic-lumbar-discectomy
#1
Ke-Lun Huang, Hong-Lin Teng, Min-Yu Zhu, Jing Wang, Chi Li, Yu Wang
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the complications of lumbar intervertebral disc herniation treated with percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy(PELD), and discuss how to avoid these complications. METHODS: The data of 132 patients with lumbar intervertebral disc herniation underwent PELD from October 2013 and June 2015 were retrospectively analyzed, including 85 males and 47 females with an average age of 42.9 years old. There were 6 cases of L₃,₄, 68 of L₄,₅ and 58 of L₅S₁...
February 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344808/minimally-invasive-esophagectomy-with-thoracic-duct-resection-post-neoadjuvant-chemoradiotherapy-for-carcinoma-esophagus-impact-on-lymph-node-yield-and-hemodynamic-parameters
#2
Santosh Anand, Raja Kalayarasan, Sandip Chandrasekar, Senthil Gnanasekaran, Biju Pottakkat
BACKGROUND: Neoadjuvant therapy followed by surgery is the current recommended treatment for locally advanced esophageal carcinoma. Thoracic duct (TD) resection was indicated for radical mediastinal lymphadenectomy. However, TD resection can cause hemodynamic disturbances. The presence of metastasis in TD has not been previously studied. METHODS: Twenty-two patients who underwent minimally invasive esophagectomy with D2 lymphadenectomy after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma were analyzed...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338059/hemodynamic-characteristics-of-hyperplastic-remodeling-lesions-in-cerebral-aneurysms
#3
Kazuhiro Furukawa, Fujimaro Ishida, Masanori Tsuji, Yoichi Miura, Tomoyuki Kishimoto, Masato Shiba, Hiroshi Tanemura, Yasuyuki Umeda, Takanori Sano, Ryuta Yasuda, Shinichi Shimosaka, Hidenori Suzuki
BACKGROUND & PURPOSE: Hyperplastic remodeling (HR) lesions are sometimes found on cerebral aneurysm walls. Atherosclerosis is the results of HR, which may cause an adverse effect on surgical treatment for cerebral aneurysms. Previous studies have demonstrated that atherosclerotic changes had a correlation with certain hemodynamic characteristics. Therefore, we investigated local hemodynamic characteristics of HR lesions of cerebral aneurysms using computational fluid dynamics (CFD). METHODS: Twenty-four cerebral aneurysms were investigated using CFD and intraoperative video recordings...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336369/pedicle-subtraction-osteotomy-with-a-cage-prevents-sagittal-translation-in-the-correction-of-kyphosis-in-ankylosing-spondylitis
#4
Fan-Qi Hu, Wen-Hao Hu, Hao Zhang, Kai Song, Yao Wang, Tian-Hao Wang, Yan Wang, Xue-Song Zhang
BACKGROUND: Sagittal translation (ST) is an accidental event that surgeons commonly encounter during a spinal osteotomy in the correction of kyphosis in ankylosing spondylitis (AS). However, there is a paucity of effective techniques to prevent ST. The purpose of this study was to propose a pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO) with a cage as a method to prevent ST and to explore the efficacy and feasibility of this method in the treatment of kyphosis in AS. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 89 consecutive patients with AS kyphosis who underwent a PSO (Group B, 46 patients) or a PSO with a cage (Group A, 43 patients) from February 2009 to December 2013...
January 20, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336291/extent-of-surgery-in-endoscopic-transsphenoidal-skull-base-approaches-and-the-effects-on-sinonasal-morbidity
#5
Vincent Wu, Michael D Cusimano, John M Lee
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic transsphenoidal skull base surgery (ETSS) is now considered the criterion standard approach for resection of pituitary adenomas and other midline anterior skull base lesions. Normal sinonasal structures are resected during ETSS, which raises concerns for nasal morbidity and patient-based outcome. OBJECTIVE: To perform a surgical outcome assessment by examining whether the extent of ETSS approaches affected patient-specific sinonasal quality of life as measured by the 22-item Sino-Nasal Outcome Test (SNOT-22)...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325471/intracranial-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-following-cervical-laminoplasty-a-report-of-two-cases
#6
Yuichi Kondo, Kazunari Fushimi, Makoto Takasawa, Shigeo Kanamori, Takaki Miyagawa, Kenji Kawashima, Kazutoshi Yokoyama, Haruhiko Akiyama
Intracranial hemorrhage is a rare complication of spinal surgery. Case 1 was a 58-year-old man who underwent cervical laminoplasty. No apparent iatrogenic dural rupture or cerebrospinal fluid leakage was observed. An hour after the surgery, the patient had convulsions and became restless thereafter. CT revealed an intracranial SAH. The patient recovered normal consciousness the next morning. Case 2 was a 68-year-old woman who underwent cervical laminoplasty without postoperative CSF leakage. Six days after the surgery, the patient continued to complain of nausea and headache...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324500/hydroxyethyl-starch-130-0-4-and-its-impact-on-perioperative-outcome-a-propensity-score-matched-controlled-observation-study
#7
Judith-Irina Pagel, Markus Rehm, Tobias Kammerer, Nikolai Hulde, Eike Speck, Josef Briegel, Falk Reinholz, Alexander Crispin, Klaus F Hofmann-Kiefer
BACKGROUND: Adverse effects of hydroxyethyl starches (HESs) have been verified in patients suffering from sepsis or kidney disease, but not in surgical patients at large. The investigation aimed to determine whether the use of HES 130/0.4 was associated with the incidence of acute postinterventional adverse events compared to Ringer's acetate alone in a perioperative setting. METHODS: This propensity score matched, controlled observational study was performed in a single-centre university hospital...
January 9, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322972/a-randomized-controlled-trial-to-determine-the-role-of-intraoperative-lumbar-cerebrospinal-fluid-drainage-in-patients-undergoing-endoscopic-transsphenoidal-surgery-for-pituitary-adenomas
#8
Gandham E Jonathan, Sauradeep Sarkar, Georgene Singh, Sunithi Mani, Regi Thomas, Ari George Chacko
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks are a frequent cause of morbidity in patients undergoing transsphenoidal surgery. This prospective study was performed to examine the impact of intraoperative lumbar subarachnoid drainage (LSAD) on the incidence of this complication and on the extent of resection in patients undergoing endoscopic transsphenoidal surgery for pituitary adenomas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective study was conducted in a single large academic medical center...
January 2018: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318985/a-randomised-controlled-trial-and-economic-evaluation-of-intraoperative-cell-salvage-during-caesarean-section-in-women-at-risk-of-haemorrhage-the-salvo-cell-salvage-in-obstetrics-trial
#9
Khalid S Khan, Philip Moore, Matthew Wilson, Richard Hooper, Shubha Allard, Ian Wrench, Tracy Roberts, Carol McLoughlin, Lee Beresford, James Geoghegan, Jane Daniels, Sue Catling, Vicki A Clark, Paul Ayuk, Stephen Robson, Fang Gao-Smith, Matthew Hogg, Louise Jackson, Doris Lanz, Julie Dodds
BACKGROUND: Caesarean section is associated with blood loss and maternal morbidity. Excessive blood loss requires transfusion of donor (allogeneic) blood, which is a finite resource. Cell salvage returns blood lost during surgery to the mother. It may avoid the need for donor blood transfusion, but reliable evidence of its effects is lacking. OBJECTIVES: To determine if routine use of cell salvage during caesarean section in mothers at risk of haemorrhage reduces the rates of blood transfusion and postpartum maternal morbidity, and is cost-effective, in comparison with standard practice without routine salvage use...
January 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318355/an-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-eras-protocol-for-ambulatory-anorectal-surgery-reduced-postoperative-pain-and-unplanned-returns-to-care-after-discharge
#10
Aaron B Parrish, Sean M O'Neill, Steven R Crain, Tara A Russell, Deepak K Sonthalia, Vu T Nguyen, Armen Aboulian
BACKGROUND: Ambulatory surgery for anorectal procedures has been proven to be safe and effective. Specific perioperative pathways combining multiple interventions have been shown to optimize recovery and outcomes associated with inpatient colorectal surgery. However, there are no major studies describing and evaluating a standardized protocol for ambulatory anorectal surgery. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of a modified enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocol for ambulatory anorectal surgery...
January 9, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315341/topical-vancomycin-reduces-the-cerebrospinal-fluid-shunt-infection-rate-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#11
Erik J van Lindert, Martine van Bilsen, Michiel van der Flier, Eva Kolwijck, Hans Delye, Jaap Ten Oever
OBJECT: Despite many efforts at reduction, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunt infections are a major cause of morbidity in shunt surgery, occurring in 5-15% of cases. To attempt to reduce the shunt infection rate at our institution, we added topical vancomycin (intrashunt and perishunt) to our existing shunt infection prevention protocol in 2012. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study comparing all shunted patients in January 2010 to December 2011 without vancomycin (control group, 263 procedures) to all patients who underwent shunt surgery between April 2012 and December 2015 with vancomycin (intervention group, 499 procedures)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311539/tolvaptan-for-fluid-management-in-living-donor-liver-transplant-recipients
#12
Shunichi Imai, Masahiro Shinoda, Hideaki Obara, Minoru Kitago, Taizo Hibi, Yuta Abe, Hiroshi Yagi, Kentaro Matsubara, Hisanobu Higashi, Osamu Itano, Yuko Kitagawa
BACKGROUND Tolvaptan, an antagonist of the vasopressin V2 receptor is a novel oral diuretic that promotes water excretion selectively. We have used furosemide as a primary diuretic and added human atrial natriuretic peptide (hANP) if necessary for fluid management postoperatively in living-donor liver transplantation (LDLT) recipients. Recently we introduced tolvaptan and used both tolvaptan and furosemide as primary diuretics. MATERIAL AND METHODS Clinical outcomes were compared between LDLT recipients whose postoperative fluid management was performed before (control group, n=10) and after (tolvaptan group, n=16) introduction of tolvaptan...
January 9, 2018: Annals of Transplantation: Quarterly of the Polish Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308376/vaginal-stump-ligation-for-cervical-cancer
#13
Yanling Yang, Yang Liu, Guilin Li, Lei Li, Peng Geng, Hongjuan Song
Background: We aimed to investigate the effect of vaginal stump ligation in laparoscopic cervical cancer surgery on the prevention of cancer cell detachment. Methods: The study was conducted from 2010 to 2015, in Xuzhou Maternity and Child Health Care Hospital, Jiangsu Province, China. Seventeen cases of laparoscopic surgery of cervical cancer in control group were observed, and the vaginal stump was irrigated with normal saline after the operation and the washing fluid was searched for cancer cells...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305426/rapid-detection-of-periprosthetic-joint-infection-using-a-combination-of-16s-rdna-polymerase-chain-reaction-and-lateral-flow-immunoassay-a-pilot-study
#14
V Janz, J Schoon, C Morgenstern, B Preininger, S Reinke, G Duda, A Breitbach, C F Perka, S Geissler
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to develop a test for the rapid (within 25 minutes) intraoperative detection of bacteria from synovial fluid to diagnose periprosthetic joint infection (PJI). METHODS: The 16s rDNA test combines a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for amplification of 16s rDNA with a lateral flow immunoassay in one fully automated system. The synovial fluid of 77 patients undergoing joint aspiration or primary or revision total hip or knee surgery was prospectively collected...
January 2018: Bone & Joint Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303858/surgical-treatment-of-synovial-chondromatosis-in-the-inferior-compartment-of-the-temporomandibular-joint-with-articular-disc-involvement
#15
Pablo Cornelius Comelli Leite, Elen de Souza Tolentino, Amanda Lury Yamashita, Lilian Cristina Vessoni Iwaki, Liogi Iwaki Filho
The authors report an unusual case of painful synovial chondromatosis originated in the inferior compartment of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) with articular disc involvement in a 56-year-old woman with complaint of severe pain in the right preauricular region. Magnetic resonance images showed advanced destruction of the right articular disc anteriorly displaced, condylar erosion, and distinct nodules within an extremely expanded inferior joint compartment with large amount of fluid, as well as a large TMJ effusion...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301459/the-effect-of-ultrafiltration-on-end-cardiopulmonary-bypass-hematocrit-during-cardiac-surgery
#16
Linda Mongero, Alfred Stammers, Eric Tesdahl, Andrew Stasko, Samuel Weinstein
OBJECTIVE: Ultrafiltration (UF) during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is a well-accepted method for hemoconcentration to reduce excess fluid and increase hematocrit, platelet count and plasma constituents. The efficacy of this technique may confer specific benefit to certain patients presenting with acquired cardiac defects. The purpose of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the effect of UF on end-CPB hematocrit by cardiac surgical procedure type. METHODS: A review of 73,506 cardiac procedures from a national registry (SCOPE) was conducted between April 2012 and October 2016 at 197 institutions...
January 1, 2018: Perfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300258/effectiveness-of-assessing-ureteral-patency-using-preoperative-phenazopyridine
#17
Elizabeth M Strom, Zaid Q Chaudhry, Rong Guo, Axeline J Maisonet, Christine H Holschneider, Cecilia K Wieslander
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to determine the efficacy of phenazopyridine when used intraoperatively to assess ureteral patency and to investigate factors that may influence its efficacy. METHODS: This is a retrospective chart review performed at the Olive View-UCLA Medical Center, a Los Angeles County teaching hospital, from January 2014 through July 2016. Patients undergoing cystoscopy at the time of gynecologic surgery were identified via department case logs...
January 3, 2018: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299662/the-association-between-intraoperative-fluid-intake-and-postoperative-complications-in-patients-undergoing-radical-cystectomy-with-an-enhanced-recovery-protocol
#18
Soroush T Bazargani, Saum Ghodoussipour, Beverly Tse, Gus Miranda, Jie Cai, Anne Schuckman, Siamak Daneshmand, Hooman Djaladat
PURPOSE: To evaluate the association between intraoperative fluid intake and postoperative complications in patients who underwent radical cystectomy (RC) for bladder cancer with an enhanced recovery protocol. METHODS: 287 patients underwent open RC with enhanced recovery protocol (ERAS) from 2012 to 2016. 107 were excluded; non-urothelial (30), palliative (37), had adjunct procedures or not-consented (40). We prospectively evaluated intraoperative fluid intake (crystalloid, colloid and blood) and correlated with length of stay, 30- and 90-day complications...
January 3, 2018: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286460/novel-diagnostics-in-revision-arthroplasty-implant-sonication-and-multiplex-polymerase-chain-reaction
#19
Gunnar T R Hischebeth, Sascha Gravius, Johanna K Buhr, Ernst Molitor, Matthias D Wimmer, Achim Hoerauf, Isabelle Bekeredjian-Ding, Thomas M Randau
In orthopedic patients, foreign body-associated infections, especially periprosthetic joint infections (PJIs), are a devastating complication of arthroplasty. Infection requires complex treatment, may result in long hospitalization and causes considerable costs. Multiple surgical revisions can be necessary in these patients, with a loss in function as well as in quality of life. The routine preoperative diagnostics include blood examination for C-reactive protein (CRP) and other biomarkers, as well as joint aspirate analysis for cell count, differentiation, and culture...
December 3, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285380/assessment-of-the-use-of-latissimus-dorsi-restoration-during-modified-radical-mastectomy-in-breast-cancer-patients
#20
Chao Yang, Xinle Wang, Geng Zhang, Liu Yang, Xuan Guo, Xue Wang, Zhenchuan Song
The incision area of modified radical mastectomy in breast cancer patients is associated with subcutaneous effusion and skin flap necrosis as the most common complications. The aim of the present study was to assess the effect of latissimus dorsi restoration during modified radical mastectomy in breast cancer patients by evaluating 365 cases. Among these cases, 185 received modified radical mastectomy combined with intraoperative latissimus dorsi restoration, while 180 received modified radical mastectomy alone...
December 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
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