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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350683/ccat1-stimulation-of-the-symmetric-division-of-nsclc-stem-cells-through-activation-of-the-wnt-signalling-cascade
#1
Chongwen Xu, Guodong Xiao, Boxiang Zhang, Meng Wang, Jichang Wang, Dapeng Liu, Jing Zhang, Hong Ren, Xin Sun
Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the leading cause of cancer-related mortalities worldwide, yet this condition remains a poorly understood malignancy, and the subgroup of cancer stem cells (CSCs) leading to therapeutic resistance and adverse prognosis have not been well studied. CSCs frequently undergo symmetric division, which facilitates expansion of the stem cell pool, contributing to long-term relapse and therapy failure. CCAT1 could act as a miRNA sponge to influence downstream genes; however, its roles in NSCLC stem cell are unclear...
January 19, 2018: Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347716/inferring-low-dimensional-microstructure-representations-using-convolutional-neural-networks
#2
Nicholas Lubbers, Turab Lookman, Kipton Barros
We apply recent advances in machine learning and computer vision to a central problem in materials informatics: the statistical representation of microstructural images. We use activations in a pretrained convolutional neural network to provide a high-dimensional characterization of a set of synthetic microstructural images. Next, we use manifold learning to obtain a low-dimensional embedding of this statistical characterization. We show that the low-dimensional embedding extracts the parameters used to generate the images...
November 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346031/2016-new-horizons-lecture-beyond-imaging-radiology-of-tomorrow
#3
Hedvig Hricak
This article is based on the New Horizons lecture delivered at the 2016 Radiological Society of North America Annual Meeting. It addresses looming changes for radiology, many of which stem from the disruptive effects of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. This is an emerging era of unprecedented rapid innovation marked by the integration of diverse disciplines and technologies, including data science, machine learning, and artificial intelligence-technologies that narrow the gap between man and machine. Technologic advances and the convergence of life sciences, physical sciences, and bioengineering are creating extraordinary opportunities in diagnostic radiology, image-guided therapy, targeted radionuclide therapy, and radiology informatics, including radiologic image analysis...
January 18, 2018: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345980/society-of-biomolecular-imaging-and-informatics-high-content-screening-high-content-analysis-emerging-technologies-in-biological-models-when-and-why
#4
Ann F Hoffman, John Nolan, David F Gebhard, Debra Nickischer, Wienand Omta, Sam Cooper, Sharon Presnell, Judi Wardwell-Swanson, Myles Fennell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Assay and Drug Development Technologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345978/research-in-rare-disease-from-genomics-to-proteomics
#5
Jessica Lacoste
Jessica Lacoste from the Donnelly Centre at the University of Toronto was awarded best poster at the annual Society of Biomolecular Imaging and Informatics meeting held in San Diego, September 2017. Her work focuses on characterizing the protein localization of variants involved in rare disease. The current works and future directions of research in rare disease are summarized in the following overview.
January 2018: Assay and Drug Development Technologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344894/systems-biology-approaches-in-cancer-pathology
#6
Aaron DeWard, Rebecca J Critchley-Thorne
The complex network of the tissue system, in both pre-neoplastic tissues and tumors, demonstrates the need for a systems biology approach to cancer pathology, in which quantification of key tissue system processes is combined with informatics tools to produce actionable scores to aid clinical decision-making. A systems biology approach to cancer pathology enables integration of key system features that are relevant to diagnoses, patient outcomes, and responses to therapies. Key tissue system features relevant to cancer pathology include molecular and morphologic abnormalities in epithelia, cellular changes in the stroma such as immune infiltrates, and relationships between components of the system, such as interactions and spatial relationships between epithelial and stromal components, and also between specific immune cell subsets...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341656/quantum-correlations-in-nonlocal-boson-sampling
#7
Farid Shahandeh, Austin P Lund, Timothy C Ralph
Determination of the quantum nature of correlations between two spatially separated systems plays a crucial role in quantum information science. Of particular interest is the questions of if and how these correlations enable quantum information protocols to be more powerful. Here, we report on a distributed quantum computation protocol in which the input and output quantum states are considered to be classically correlated in quantum informatics. Nevertheless, we show that the correlations between the outcomes of the measurements on the output state cannot be efficiently simulated using classical algorithms...
September 22, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341172/statin-use-and-the-risk-of-cardiovascular-implantable-electronic-device-infection-a-cohort-study-in-a-veteran-population
#8
Talal Alzahrani, Angelike P Liappis, Larry M Baddour, Pamela E Karasik
BACKGROUND: The rate of cardiovascular implantable electronic device infection (CIEDI) has increased, despite the use of perioperative antibiotics at the time of device placement or revision. This is due, in part, to the presence of multiple comorbid conditions in an elderly population, in general, who require CIED. Statins may have an antibacterial effect, although there is currently no evidence that the likelihood of CIEDI has been impacted by statin use. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed to assess whether statins are associated with a reduced risk of CIEDI...
January 17, 2018: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336920/pediatric-nurse-practitioners-perspectives-on-health-care-transition-from-pediatric-to-adult-care
#9
Lisa Lestishock, Alison Moriarty Daley, Patience White
INTRODUCTION: This study examined the perspectives of pediatric nurse practitioners (PNPs) regarding the needs of adolescents, parents/caregivers, clinicians, and institutions in the health care transition (HCT) process for adolescents/young adults. METHODS: PNPs (N = 170) participated in a luncheon for those interested in transition at an annual conference. Small groups discussed and recorded their perspectives related to health care transition from adolescent to adult services...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336240/treatment-of-anemia-in-patients-with-solid-tumors-receiving-chemotherapy-in-palliative-setting-usual-practice-versus-guidelines
#10
Robin de Putter, Karen Geboes, Marc De Man, Simon Van Belle
Background Anemia is frequent in patients with cancer and is often multifactorial. Treatment depends on etiology and can consist of transfusions, intravenous iron (IV Fe), and/or erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESA). Several studies have shown that cancer-related anemia is undertreated. The aim of this study is to compare usual practice in a university hospital with the international guidelines. Methods Using the hospital and pharmacy informatics all adults (≥18 years), who received a treatment for anemia (transfusion, IV Fe, ESA) from February to August 2016 during palliative chemotherapy, were identified...
January 16, 2018: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334354/real-world-evidence-to-an-ehealth-tool-the-2017-top-ten-papers-from-journal-of-innovation-in-health-informatics
#11
Simon De Lusignan
We report the top ten papers published by the Journal ofInnovation in Health Informatics in 2017.
January 12, 2018: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334353/genesis-of-a-uk-faculty-of-clinical-informatics-at-a-time-of-anticipation-for-some-and-ruby-golden-and-diamond-celebrations-for-others
#12
Simon De Lusignan, Jeremy Barlow, Philip J Scott
This Editorial marks the launch of the UK Faculty of Clinical Informatics (FCI) at the time when non-clinically qualified informaticians are anticipating the lauch of  the Federation of Informatics Professionals in Health and Care (Fed-IP).
January 12, 2018: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318814/-information-work-of-national-census-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-resources
#13
Lu-Qi Huang, Xiao-Bo Zhang
In order to promote the protection, development and rational utilization on traditional Chinese medicine resources (TCM resoueces), the State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine is organizing and implementing the fourth national survey on TCM resources. Informatization is the core for this survey and is also one of the main innovative points which transcend the previous three surveys. The extensive application on informatization technology has not only improved the work efficiency of the survey, but also expanded the new development directions of TCM resources research...
November 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316298/improving-the-safety-assessment-of-chemicals-and-drug-candidates-by-the-integration-of-bio-informatics-and-chemoinformatics-data
#14
Thomas Steger-Hartmann, Francois Pognan
The application of read-across and in silico tools for regulatory decision-making has been limited for pharmaceutical compounds to the assessment of genotoxic impurity. In contrast, the broad availability of toxicity data for industrial chemicals has triggered regulatory frameworks for read-across (e.g. ECHA read-across assessment framework), software tools and public databases for an automated process of gap filling for safety assessment framework. This MiniReview provides an overview of the currently existing in silico and read-across approaches for chemicals together with recent developments for pharmaceutical compounds in these areas...
January 7, 2018: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313057/regional-differences-in-thrombectomy-rates-secondary-use-of-billing-codes-in-the-miracum-medical-informatics-for-research-and-care-in-university-medicine-consortium
#15
Christian Haverkamp, Thomas Ganslandt, Petar Horki, Martin Boeker, Arnd Dörfler, Stefan Schwab, Joachim Berkefeld, Waltraud Pfeilschifter, Wolf-Dirk Niesen, Karl Egger, Manfred Kaps, Marc A Brockmann, Eva Neumaier-Probst, Kristina Szabo, Martin Skalej, Siegfried Bien, Christoph Best, Hans-Ulrich Prokosch, Horst Urbach
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Mechanical thrombectomy, in addition to intravenous (i.v.) thrombolysis is recommended for treatment of acute stroke in patients with large vessel occlusions (LVO) in the anterior circulation up to 6 h after symptom onset. We compared thrombectomy rates of eight university hospitals of the MIRACUM consortium to analyze the implementation of this guideline in clinical routine. METHODS: Anonymized billing data in a standardized format were loaded into a local i2b2 data warehouse by applying already existing extract, transform and load (ETL) routines...
January 8, 2018: Clinical Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309868/proteomic-genomic-adjustments-and-their-confluence-for-elucidation-of-pathways-and-networks-during-liver-fibrosis
#16
REVIEW
Hadiya Husain, Riaz Ahmad, Anish Khan, Inamuddin, Abdullah M Asiri
Proteomics is the study of the functional aspect of all expressed proteins. Laudable progress has been made in context to protein profiles and interactions and this progress has been augmented with the help of the blueprint provided by the genomics field. Liver fibrosis is the starting point of various chronic liver diseases ultimately leading to cirrhosis. Current advances in high-throughput proteomic technologies have manifested the potential to reveal biomarkers for the diagnosis of liver fibrosis. This review explores the key up-to-date breakthroughs in proteo-genomics and their implementation to the important clinical question of liver fibrosis...
January 5, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309336/shared-passion-at-the-nexus-of-nursing-informatics-systems-policy-and-research-midwest-nursing-research-society-advances-the-state-of-the-science
#17
Karen Dunn Lopez, Jessica Castner, Lisiane Pruinelli, Rhonda Schoville, Ronald J Piscotty, Amany Farag, Said Abusalem, Karen A Monsen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306877/process-evaluation-of-the-data-driven-quality-improvement-in-primary-care-dqip-trial-quantitative-examination-of-variation-between-practices-in-recruitment-implementation-and-effectiveness
#18
Tobias Dreischulte, Aileen Grant, Adrian Hapca, Bruce Guthrie
OBJECTIVES: The cluster randomised trial of the Data-driven Quality Improvement in Primary Care (DQIP) intervention showed that education, informatics and financial incentives for general medical practices to review patients with ongoing high-risk prescribing of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and antiplatelets reduced the primary end point of high-risk prescribing by 37%, where both ongoing and new high-risk prescribing were significantly reduced. This quantitative process evaluation examined practice factors associated with (1) participation in the DQIP trial, (2) review activity (extent and nature of documented reviews) and (3) practice level effectiveness (relative reductions in the primary end point)...
January 5, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306660/clinical-impact-of-21-gene-recurrence-score-test-within-the-veterans-health-administration-utilization-and-receipt-of-guideline-concordant-care
#19
Leland E Hull, Julie A Lynch, Brygida B Berse, Scott L DuVall, Danielle S Chun, Vicki L Venne, Olga V Efimova, Michael S Icardi, Michael J Kelley
INTRODUCTION: Ensuring guideline-concordant cancer care is a Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) priority, especially as the number of breast cancer patients at VA medical centers (VAMCs) grows. We assessed the utilization and clinical impact of the 21-gene Recurrence Score test, which predicts 10-year risk of breast cancer recurrence and the likelihood of chemotherapy benefit, on veterans newly diagnosed with breast cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using 2011-2012 VA Central Cancer Registry, chart review, and laboratory test data...
November 29, 2017: Clinical Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305560/heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction-controversies-challenges-and-future-directions
#20
REVIEW
Rosita Zakeri, Martin R Cowie
Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) comprises almost half of the population burden of HF. Because HFpEF likely includes a range of cardiac and non-cardiac abnormalities, typically in elderly patients, obtaining an accurate diagnosis may be challenging, not least due to the existence of multiple HFpEF mimics and a newly identified subset of patients with HFpEF and normal plasma natriuretic peptide concentrations. The lack of effective treatment for these patients represents a major unmet clinical need...
January 5, 2018: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
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