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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106380/pdt-dose-dosimetry-for-photofrin-mediated-pleural-photodynamic-therapy-ppdt
#1
Yi Hong Ong, Michele M Kim, Jarod C Finlay, Andreea Dimofte, Sunil Singhal, Eli Glatstein, Keith A Cengel, Timothy C Zhu
Photosensitizer fluorescence excited by photodynamic therapy (PDT) treatment light can be used to monitor the in-vivo concentration of the photosensitizer and its photobleaching. The temporal integral of the product of in-vivo photosensitizer concentration and light fluence is called PDT dose, which is an important dosimetry quantity for PDT. However, the detected photosensitizer fluorescence may be distorted by variations in the absorption and scattering of both excitation and fluorescence light in tissue...
November 6, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022915/wild-type-and-mutant-p53-differentially-modulate-mir-124-iaspp-feedback-following-pohotodynamic-therapy-in-human-colon-cancer-cell-line
#2
Kuijie Liu, Weidong Chen, Sanlin Lei, Li Xiong, Hua Zhao, Dong Liang, Zhendong Lei, Nanjiang Zhou, Hongliang Yao, Ying Liang
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a most common digestive system malignant tumor. p53 mutation has essential role in cancers and is frequently observed in CRC and presents a huge challenge. p53 mutation has been reported to attenuate the inhibitory effect of photofrin-based photodynamic therapy (PDT). p53 mutation-induced gain of function brings up the dysfunction of carcinogenic factors, including miRNAs. Our research found that PDT suppressed CRC cell viability, reduced the tumor size and prolonged the survival time, all of which could be attenuated by p53 mutation or deletion...
October 12, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988135/skin-fluorescence-following-photodynamic-therapy-with-npe6-photosensitizer
#3
Keishi Ohtani, Jitsuo Usuda, Emiyu Ogawa, Sachio Maehara, Kentaro Imai, Yujin Kudo, Shotaro Ono, Shunsuke Shigefuku, Daisuke Eriguchi, Tatsuya Inoue, Junichi Maeda, Koichi Yoshida, Masaru Hagiwara, Masatoshi Kakihana, Naohiro Kajiwara, Tatsuo Ohira, Tsunenori Arai, Norihiko Ikeda
BACKGROUND: The second-generation photosensitizer NPe6 has strong anti-tumor effects with a much shorter photosensitive period than the first-generation photosensitizer Photofrin. Although photosensitive period has been reduced, skin photosensitivity is still a major side effect of photodynamic therapy (PDT). Therefore, we conducted a prospective study to investigate whether the NPe6 fluorescence intensity in skin after PDT could be measured effectively in human patients to improve the management of a patient's photosensitive period...
October 4, 2017: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690354/a-summary-of-light-dose-distribution-using-an-ir-navigation-system-for-photofrin-mediated-pleural-pdt
#4
Timothy C Zhu, Michele M Kim, Yi-Hong Ong, Rozhin Penjweini, Andreea Dimofte, Jarod C Finlay, Carmen Rodriguez, Keith A Cengel
Uniform delivery of light fluence is an important goal for photodynamic therapy. We present summary results for an infrared (IR) navigation system to deliver light dose uniformly during intracavitory PDT by tracking the movement of the light source and providing real-time feedback on the light fluence rate on the entire cavity surface area. In the current intrapleural PDT protocol, 8 detectors placed in selected locations in the pleural cavity monitor the light doses. To improve the delivery of light dose uniformity, an IR camera system is used to track the motion of the light source as well as the surface contour of the pleural cavity...
January 28, 2017: Proceedings of SPIE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523110/photodynamic-activities-of-porphyrin-derivative-cyclodextrin-complexes-by-photoirradiation
#5
Atsushi Ikeda, Shuhei Satake, Tomoya Mae, Masafumi Ueda, Kouta Sugikawa, Hajime Shigeto, Hisakage Funabashi, Akio Kuroda
Water-soluble cyclodextrin (CyD) complexed with porphyrin derivatives with different substituents in the meso-positions showed different photodynamic activities toward cancer cells under illumination at wavelengths over 600 nm, the most suitable wavelengths for photodynamic therapy (PDT). In particular, aniline- and phenol-substituted derivatives had high photodynamic activity because of the efficient intracellular uptake of the complexes by tumor cells. These complexes showed greater photodynamic activity than photofrin, currently the main drug in clinical use as a photosensitizer...
May 11, 2017: ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480637/photodynamic-treatment-outcomes-of-potentially-malignant-lesions-and-malignancies-of-the-head-and-neck-region-a-systematic-review
#6
Shailesh M Gondivkar, Amol Ramchandra Gadbail, Manjari G Choudhary, Priyanka R Vedpathak, Manoj S Likhitkar
AIM: The aim of the present study was to systematically review the efficacy of photodynamic therapy (PDT) in the management of oral potentially-malignant disorders (PMDS) and head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). METHODS: From 1985 to 2015, PubMed/Medline, Google Scholar, EMBASE, and ISI Web of Knowledge were searched using different combinations of the following key words: PDT, oral precancer, leukoplakia, erythroplakia, erythroleukoplakia, verrucous hyperplasia, oral submucous fibrosis, and HNSCC...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465586/oxidation-of-protein-bound-methionine-in-photofrin-photodynamic-therapy-treated-human-tumor-cells-explored-by-methionine-containing-peptide-enrichment-and-quantitative-proteomics-approach
#7
Ya-Ju Hsieh, Kun-Yi Chien, I-Fang Yang, I-Neng Lee, Chia-Chun Wu, Tung-Yung Huang, Jau-Song Yu
In Photofrin-mediated photodynamic therapy (PDT), cell fate can be modulated by the subcellular location of Photofrin. PDT triggers oxidative damage to target cells, including the methionine (Met) oxidation of proteins. Here, we developed a new Met-containing peptide enrichment protocol combined with SILAC-based quantitative proteomics, and used this approach to explore the global Met oxidation changes of proteins in PDT-treated epidermoid carcinoma A431 cells preloaded with Photofrin at the plasma membrane, ER/Golgi, or ubiquitously...
May 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441937/observation-of-zn-photoprotoporphyrin-red-autofluorescence-in-human-bronchial-cancer-using-color-fluorescence-endoscopy
#8
Yoshinobu Ohsaki, Takaaki Sasaki, Satoshi Endo, Masahiro Kitada, Shunsuke Okumura, Noriko Hirai, Yoshihiro Kazebayashi, Eri Toyoshima, Yasushi Yamamoto, Kaneyoshi Takeyama, Susumu Nakajima, Isao Sakata
BACKGROUND: We observed red autofluorescence emanating from bronchial cancer lesions using a sensitive color-fluorescence endoscopy system. We investigated to clarify the origin of the red autofluorescence. METHODS: The wavelengths of the red autofluorescence emanating from lesions were measured in eight patients using a spectrum analyzer and compared based on pathologic findings. Red autofluorescence at 617.3, 617.4, 619.0, and 617.1 nm was emitted by normal bronchus, inflamed tissue, tissue exhibiting mild dysplasia, and malignant lesions, respectively...
April 26, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417552/enhanced-phototoxicity-of-photodynamic-treatment-by-cx26-composed-gjic-via-ros-calcium-and-lipid-peroxide-mediated-pathways
#9
Deng-Pan Wu, Tian-Yu Lin, Li-Ru Bai, Jin-Lan Huang, Yan Zhou, Nan Zhou, Sheng-Lei Zhong, Shan Gao, Xiao-Xing Yin
In spite of the promising initial treatment responses presented by photodynamic therapy (PDT), 5-year recurrence rates remain high level. Therefore, improvement in the efficacy of PDT is needed. There are reports showing that connexin(Cx) 26-composed gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) enhances the intercellular propagation of "death signal", thereby increasing chemotherapeutic cytotoxicity. However, it is unclear whether Cx26-formed GJIC has an effect on PDT phototoxicity. The results in the present study showed that Cx26-composed GJ formation at high density enhances the phototoxicity of Photofrin-PDT...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Biophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362026/erratum-macroscopic-singlet-oxygen-modeling-for-dosimetry-of-photofrin-mediated-photodynamic-therapy-an-in-vivo-study
#10
Haixia Qiu, Michele M Kim, Rozhin Penjweini, Timothy C Zhu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252029/interaction-and-oxidative-damage-of-dvdms-to-bsa-a-study-on-the-mechanism-of-photodynamic-therapy-induced-cell-death
#11
Li Li, Huiyu Wang, Haiping Wang, Lijun Li, Pan Wang, Xiaobing Wang, Quanhong Liu
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a promising method for neoplastic and nonneoplastic diseases. In this study, we utilized sinoporphyrin sodium (DVDMS) as a sensitizer combined with light to investigate its cytotoxic effect on different cell lines. For this purpose, we chose bovine serum albumin (BSA) as a model to explore the mechanism of PDT-induced cell death at a molecular level. Our findings indicated that the combined treatment significantly suppressed cell survival. Fluorescence spectroscopy revealed a strong interaction between DVDMS and BSA molecules in aqueous solution, affecting DVDMS' targeting distribution and metabolism...
March 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207234/potassium-iodide-potentiates-broad-spectrum-antimicrobial-photodynamic-inactivation-using-photofrin
#12
Liyi Huang, Grzegorz Szewczyk, Tadeusz Sarna, Michael R Hamblin
It is known that noncationic porphyrins such as Photofrin (PF) are effective in mediating antimicrobial photodynamic inactivation (aPDI) of Gram-positive bacteria or fungi. However, the aPDI activity of PF against Gram-negative bacteria is accepted to be extremely low. Here we report that the nontoxic inorganic salt potassium iodide (KI) at a concentration of 100 mM when added to microbial cells (10(8)/mL) + PF (10 μM hematoporphyrin equivalent) + 415 nm light (10 J/cm(2)) can eradicate (>6 log killing) five different Gram-negative species (Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Proteus mirabilis, and Acinetobacter baumannii), whereas no killing was obtained without KI...
April 14, 2017: ACS Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048856/su-f-j-01-measurement-of-blood-flow-during-pdt-using-diffuse-correlation-spectroscopy
#13
Y Ong, R Penjweini, A Yodh, T Zhu
PURPOSE: To investigate the variation in blood flow during PDT and to determine the oxygen supplying rate, g, to refine the empirical macroscopic model. METHODS: RIF tumors were propagated in female C3H mice by injecting cell suspension at a concentration of 1×10(6) cells/ml on the shoulder region. Photosensitizer(e.g., HPPH) was injected into the mice through tail vein at a concentration of 0.25 mg/kg when the tumors grew to ∼6 mm in diameter and depth. Temporal changes of tissue oxygen concentration were recorded prior, during and post PDT treatment using OxyLite single-channel tissue pO2 monitor(OXFORD OPTRONIX)...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935055/subcellular-targeting-as-a-determinant-of-the-efficacy-of-photodynamic-therapy
#14
David Kessel
In prior studies, we have identified the ability of low-level lysosomal photodamage to potentiate the phototoxic effect of subsequent photodamage to mitochondria. The mechanism involves calpain-mediated cleavage of the autophagy-associated protein ATG5 to form a proapoptotic fragment (tATG5). In this report, we explore the permissible time lag between the two targeting procedures along with the effect of simultaneously targeting both lysosomes and mitochondria. This was found to be as effective as the sequential protocol with no gap between the irradiation steps...
March 2017: Photochemistry and Photobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929427/a-comparison-of-singlet-oxygen-explicit-dosimetry-soed-and-singlet-oxygen-luminescence-dosimetry-sold-for-photofrin-mediated-photodynamic-therapy
#15
Michele M Kim, Rozhin Penjweini, Nathan R Gemmell, Israel Veilleux, Aongus McCarthy, Gerald S Buller, Robert H Hadfield, Brian C Wilson, Timothy C Zhu
Accurate photodynamic therapy (PDT) dosimetry is critical for the use of PDT in the treatment of malignant and nonmalignant localized diseases. A singlet oxygen explicit dosimetry (SOED) model has been developed for in vivo purposes. It involves the measurement of the key components in PDT-light fluence (rate), photosensitizer concentration, and ground-state oxygen concentration ([³O₂])-to calculate the amount of reacted singlet oxygen ([¹O₂]rx), the main cytotoxic component in type II PDT. Experiments were performed in phantoms with the photosensitizer Photofrin and in solution using phosphorescence-based singlet oxygen luminescence dosimetry (SOLD) to validate the SOED model...
December 6, 2016: Cancers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896250/clinical-efficacy-of-photodynamic-therapy
#16
Ye-Kyu Park, Choong-Hak Park
OBJECTIVE: The management of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) and early invasive cancer of the uterine cervix is very difficult to approach, especially in case of young woman who wants to preserve her fertility. Conization of the cervix may have various kinds of disadvantage. The objective of this clinical retrospective study is to investigate the therapeutic effects and clinical efficacy of photodynamic therapy (PDT) including combined chemo-photodynamic therapy in patients with pre-malignant CIN and malignant invasive cervical cancer...
November 2016: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749069/highly-effective-dual-function-near-infrared-nir-photosensitizer-for-fluorescence-imaging-and-photodynamic-therapy-pdt-of-cancer
#17
Nayan Patel, Paula Pera, Penny Joshi, Mykhaylo Dukh, Walter A Tabaczynski, Kevin E Siters, Mark Kryman, Ravindra R Cheruku, Farukh Durrani, Joseph R Missert, Ramona Watson, Tymish Y Ohulchanskyy, Erin C Tracy, Heinz Baumann, Ravindra K Pandey
We report herein the synthesis and biological efficacy of near-infrared (NIR), bacteriochlorin analogues: 3-(1'-butyloxy)ethyl-3-deacetyl-bacteriopurpurin-18-N-butylimide methyl ester (3) and the corresponding carboxylic acid 10. In in vitro assays, compared to its methyl ester analogue 3, the corresponding carboxylic acid derivative 10 showed higher photosensitizing efficacy. However, due to drastically different pharmacokinetics in vivo, the PS 3 (HPLC purity >99%) showed higher tumor uptake and long-term tumor cure than 10 (HPLC purity >96...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27626486/toxicological-and-efficacy-assessment-of-post-transition-metal-indium-phthalocyanine-for-photodynamic-therapy-in-neuroblastoma
#18
Monica Neagu, Carolina Constantin, Mircea Tampa, Clara Matei, Andreea Lupu, Emilia Manole, Rodica-Mariana Ion, Concettina Fenga, Aristidis M Tsatsakis
Metallo-phthalocyanines due to their photophysical characteristics as high yield of triplet state and long lifetimes, appear to be good candidates for photodynamic therapy (PDT). Complexes with diamagnetic metals such as Zn2+, Al3+ Ga3+ and In3+meet such requirements and are recognized as potential PDT agents. Clinically, Photofrin® PDT in neuroblastoma therapy proved in pediatric subjects diagnosed with progressive/recurrent malignant brain tumors increased progression free survival and overall survival outcome...
October 25, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27552311/macroscopic-singlet-oxygen-modeling-for-dosimetry-of-photofrin-mediated-photodynamic-therapy-an-in-vivo-study
#19
Haixia Qiu, Michele M Kim, Rozhin Penjweini, Timothy C Zhu
Although photodynamic therapy (PDT) is an established modality for cancer treatment, current dosimetric quantities, such as light fluence and PDT dose, do not account for the differences in PDT oxygen consumption for different fluence rates ( ? ). A macroscopic model was adopted to evaluate using calculated reacted singlet oxygen concentration ( [ O 2 1 ] rx ) to predict Photofrin-PDT outcome in mice bearing radiation-induced fibrosarcoma tumors, as singlet oxygen is the primary cytotoxic species responsible for cell death in type II PDT...
August 1, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27528795/photodynamic-therapy-promotion-of-efficacy-by-a-sequential-protocol
#20
David Kessel
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) offers a new approach to selective tumor eradication. Modifications designed to increase and optimize efficacy continue to emerge. Selective photodamage to malignant cells and their environment can bring about tumor cell destruction, shutdown of the tumor vasculature, stimulation of immunologic anti-tumor effects and potentiation of other therapeutic effects. Current development of combination protocols may provide a better rationale for integration of PDT into clinical practice. An example described here is the ability of a sequential (two-sensitizer) PDT protocol to enhance the efficacy of photokilling...
January 2016: Journal of Porphyrins and Phthalocyanines
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