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Skin internal medicine

Hichem Bargui, Manel Marzouk, Ahmed Benhadj, Moufida Hadj Ali, Youssef Ben Salem, Jalel Boukadida
OBJECTIVE: To present the clinical and bacteriological characteristics of human Aeromonas infections in the central region of Tunisia from January 2011 to September 2015. METHODS: Retrospective study concerning all Aeromonas spp strains isolated at our laboratory during a period of 5 years (2011-2015). Following data were collected: gender, age, hospital department, co-morbidities, site of infection, date, the Aeromonas species and susceptibility phenotype. Identification was based on conventional criteria and antibiotic susceptibility was performed according to the recommendations of "the Committee of the French Society of Microbiology...
April 2017: La Tunisie Médicale
Cheng Zhang, Xiaoshuang Guo, Xuefeng Han, Yi Tian, Xiaolei Jin
BACKGROUND: Photography plays a pivotal role in patient education, photo-documentation, preoperative planning and postsurgical evaluation in plastic surgeries. It has long been serving as a bridge that facilitated communication not only between patients and doctors, but also among plastic surgeons from different countries. Although several basic principles and photographic methods have been proposed, there is no internationally accepted photography that could provide both static and dynamic information in blepharoplasty...
February 26, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Meftun Çulpan, Asıf Yıldırım, Turgay Turan, Turhan Çaşkurlu
Prostate cancer is the most common non-cutaneous malignancy and the second cause of cancer death in men. Despite improvements in diagnostic methods, the primary diagnosis of a number of patients may still be on metastatic stage. Cutaneous and supraclavicular lymph nodes are very rare metastatic sites for prostate cancer. In this report we present an extremely rare prostate cancer case diagnosed with supraclavicular lymph node and then developed cutaneous metastasis. A 64 year-old man was admitted to an internal medicine outpatient clinic with supraclavicular lymph node and biopsy of lymph node showed an adenocarcinoma...
January 2018: Turkish Journal of Urology
Angela Martinez-Perez, Silvia Roure Díez, Moncef Belhasen-Garcia, Diego Torrús-Tendero, Jose Luis Perez-Arellano, Teresa Cabezas, Cristina Soler, Marta Díaz-Menéndez, Miriam Navarro, Begoña Treviño, Fernando Salvador-Vélez
INTRODUCTION: Strongyloides stercoralis is a globally distributed nematode that causes diverse clinical symptoms in humans. Spain, once considered an endemic country, has experienced a recent increase in imported cases. The introduction of serology helps diagnosis and is currently replacing microbiological techniques in some settings, but its sensitivity is variable and can be low in immunocompromised patients. Diagnosis can only be confirmed by identification of larvae. Often, this "gold standard" can only be achieved in severe cases, such as disseminated S...
February 23, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Robin Christensen, Berit L Heitmann, Karina Winther Andersen, Ole Haagen Nielsen, Signe Bek Sørensen, Mohamad Jawhara, Anette Bygum, Lone Hvid, Jakob Grauslund, Jimmi Wied, Henning Glerup, Ulrich Fredberg, Jan Alexander Villadsen, Søren Geill Kjær, Jan Fallingborg, Seyed A G R Moghadd, Torben Knudsen, Jacob Brodersen, Jesper Frøjk, Jens Frederik Dahlerup, Anders Bo Bojesen, Grith Lykke Sorensen, Steffen Thiel, Nils J Færgeman, Ivan Brandslund, Tue Bjerg Bennike, Allan Stensballe, Erik Berg Schmidt, Andre Franke, David Ellinghaus, Philip Rosenstiel, Jeroen Raes, Mette Boye, Lars Werner, Charlotte Lindgaard Nielsen, Heidi Lausten Munk, Anders Bathum Nexøe, Torkell Ellingsen, Uffe Holmskov, Jens Kjeldsen, Vibeke Andersen
INTRODUCTION: Chronic inflammatory diseases (CIDs) are frequently treated with biological medications, specifically tumour necrosis factor inhibitors (TNFi)). These medications inhibit the pro-inflammatory molecule TNF alpha, which has been strongly implicated in the aetiology of these diseases. Up to one-third of patients do not, however, respond to biologics, and lifestyle factors are assumed to affect treatment outcomes. Little is known about the effects of dietary lifestyle as a prognostic factor that may enable personalised medicine...
February 8, 2018: BMJ Open
David Misango, Rajyabardhan Pattnaik, Tim Baker, Martin W Dünser, Arjen M Dondorp, Marcus J Schultz
Background: Recommendations for haemodynamic assessment and support in sepsis and septic shock in resource-limited settings are largely lacking. Methods: A task force of six international experts in critical care medicine, all of them members of the Global Intensive Care Working Group of the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine and with extensive bedside experience in resource-limited intensive care units, reviewed the literature and provided recommendations regarding haemodynamic assessment and support, keeping aspects of efficacy and effectiveness, availability and feasibility and affordability and safety in mind...
February 9, 2018: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Oliver Distler, Yannick Allanore, Christopher P Denton, Marco Matucci-Cerinic, Janet E Pope, Barbara Hinzmann, Siobhan Davies, Janethe de Oliveira Pena, Dinesh Khanna
Objective: To gain insight into clinical practice regarding referral, early diagnosis and other aspects of the management of patients with dcSSc in Europe and the USA. Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 84 rheumatologists (or internal medicine physicians) and 40 dermatologists in different countries (the UK, France, Germany, Italy, Spain and the USA). Physicians were asked to identify key steps in the patient pathway relating to patient presentation, diagnosis and referral, in addition to other treatment and follow-up processes...
February 2, 2018: Rheumatology
Melat Gebre, Anna Woodbury, Vitaly Napadow, Venkatagiri Krishnamurthy, Lisa C Krishnamurthy, Roman Sniecinski, Bruce Crosson
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia is a chronic pain state that includes widespread musculoskeletal pain, fatigue, psychiatric symptoms, cognitive and sleep disturbances, and multiple somatic symptoms. Current therapies are often insufficient or come with significant risks, and while there is an increasing demand for non-pharmacologic and especially non-opioid pain management such as that offered through complementary and alternative medicine therapies, there is currently insufficient evidence to recommend these therapies...
February 6, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
Giuseppe Micali, Valentina Paternò, Rossella Cannarella, Franco Dinotta, Francesco Lacarrubba
Skin barrier restoration represents the mainstay of the treatment of atopic dermatitis and the use of moisturizers is recommended by several international guidelines. The aim of the study was to investigate through an evidence-based medicine analysis the effectiveness and safety of different moisturizing products available for a non-pharmacological treatment of atopic dermatitis. A total of 92 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have been identified and analyzed. The results confirm the presence of a reasonable number of studies highlighting moisturizers safety and effectiveness in the treatment of atopic dermatitis by improving disease severity, increasing the time of relapse and reducing the time of flares...
January 24, 2018: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
Liam J Caffery, David Clunie, Clara Curiel-Lewandrowski, Josep Malvehy, H Peter Soyer, Allan C Halpern
Imaging is increasingly being used in dermatology for documentation, diagnosis, and management of cutaneous disease. The lack of standards for dermatologic imaging is an impediment to clinical uptake. Standardization can occur in image acquisition, terminology, interoperability, and metadata. This paper presents the International Skin Imaging Collaboration position on standardization of metadata for dermatologic imaging. Metadata is essential to ensure that dermatologic images are properly managed and interpreted...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
Jung In Song, Silvanie Volz, Maria Eirini Liodaki, Peter Mailänder, Konstantinos Kalousis
OBJECTIVE: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a connective tissue disorder of unknown etiology, with heterogeneous clinical manifestations and chronic and often progressive course. The diffuse cutaneous form of SSc (dcSSc) is characterized by thickening of the skin (scleroderma) and distinctive involvement of multiple internal organs. Patients with limited cutaneous SSc (lcSSc) generally have long-standing Raynaud's phenomenon before other manifestations of SSc appear. Over the last decade the Interest of adipose-derived cell therapy in regenerative medicine has increased continuously...
September 2017: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine
Shoichi Tomita, Katsuya Mori, Takeshi Miyawaki
BACKGROUND: Reconstruction of the nipple-areola complex is the final process in breast reconstruction. Local flaps and paramedical pigmentation is one of the major procedures for this. However, fading after paramedical pigmentation leads to a color difference between the selected pigment and its color in the skin. The aim of this study is to make a proposition in color choice of paramedical pigmentation for nipple-areola complex. METHODS: Our research focused on investigating the color changes over time after unilateral nipple-areola complex reconstruction using paramedical pigmentation in 25 patients to propose suitable color selections...
January 4, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Jia-Min Yang, Gang Li, Min Wang, Yi-Xi Jin, Feng-Jie Zheng, Yan Sun, Yu-Shan Gao, Shu-Jing Zhang, Peng-Fei Kang, Lin Chen, Meng-Yao Wu, Sheng-Yong Xu, Yu-Hang Li
The 4 properties of Chinese materia medica refer to cold, hot, warm, and cool. In the present study, the effects of the Coptis, the prepared aconite root, and dried ginger rhizome were compared with regard to the rectal and skin temperature changes of the related body surface acupuncture points (Dazhui, Zhiyang, Mingmen, Zhongwan, and Shenque). The investigation aimed to explore the thermal sensitive points, which can reflect the cold and hot properties of the Chinese herbs. This study showed that the prepared aconite root and dried ginger rhizome exhibited a warming effect on the body temperature, whereas the warming sensitive points were Zhongwan, Shenque, Dazhui, and Zhiyang...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Xiaohong Quan, Shuqian Li, Ying Li
Professor CHEN Xiuhua 's clinical experiences were introduced in the intervention on atopic dermatitis with external therapies of TCM acupuncture. On the basis of the theory as cultivating the earth and clearing the heart from professor CHEN Dacan and in terms of the disease stages and skin lesion characteristics, as well as in consideration of syndrome differen-tiation, the acupoints for strengthening the spleen and clearing heart fire are selected, such as Zhongwan (CV 12), Daheng (SP 15), Shuifen (CV 9), Tianshu (ST 25), Neiguan (PC 6) and Quchi (LI 11)...
March 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
Hideki Ozawa, Kousuke Kuwano, Saki Manabe, Toru Ishihara, Masamichi Komatsu, Takako Kobayashi, Hidetaka Yanagi, Masayuki Oki, Atsushi Takagi
The patient was a previously healthy 23-year-old woman who made an outpatient visit to our hospital's Department of General Internal Medicine after developing pain and edema of the lower legs a week earlier. The patient was diagnosed with eosinophilic cellulitis (EC) based on an increased eosinophil count of 5,418/mm3 and the results of a skin biopsy of the lower leg that showed eosinophilic infiltration of the dermal tissue. Her condition improved after oral prednisone therapy. EC presents clinically as edema and eosinophilia...
December 20, 2017: Tokai Journal of Experimental and Clinical Medicine
Divya Seth, Khatiya Cheldize, Danielle Brown, Esther F Freeman
Purpose of Review: We review the current understanding of the burden of dermatological disease through the lens of the Global Burden of Disease project, evaluate the impact of skin disease on quality of life in a global context, explore socioeconomic implications, and finally summarize interventions towards improving quality of dermatologic care in resource-poor settings. Recent Findings: The Global Burden of Disease project has shown that skin diseases continue to be the 4th leading cause of nonfatal disease burden world-wide...
September 2017: Current Dermatology Reports
Seo H Lee, Hyung J Min, Yang W Kim, Young W Cheon
BACKGROUND: Scars widen when the underlying musculature pulls apart suture lines, and scars oriented against relaxed skin tension lines are especially susceptible to these distraction forces. Because botulinum toxin A (BTA) induces complete muscle paralysis, the purpose of the current study was to evaluate the effects of BTA using both observer-dependent qualitative assessments and quantitative measurements to verify its beneficial effects on facial scarring. METHODS: Patients with vertical forehead lacerations, treated by primary closure, were randomly assigned to two groups: one (n = 15) received BTA injections within 5 days of primary closure and the other (n = 15) received no further treatment...
April 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Julio Heras-Mosteiro, Begoña Monge-Maillo, Mariona Pinart, Patricia Lopez Pereira, Ludovic Reveiz, Emely Garcia-Carrasco, Pedro Campuzano Cuadrado, Ana Royuela, Irene Mendez Roman, Rogelio López-Vélez
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous leishmaniasis, caused by a parasitic infection, is considered one of the most serious skin diseases in many low- and middle-income countries. Old World cutaneous leishmaniasis (OWCL) is caused by species found in Africa, Asia, the Middle East, the Mediterranean, and India. The most commonly prescribed treatments are antimonials, but other drugs have been used with varying success. As OWCL tends to heal spontaneously, it is necessary to justify the use of systemic and topical treatments...
December 1, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Mumbo Hazel Miseda, Samuel Odhiambo Were, Cirindi Anne Murianki, Milo Peter Mutuku, Stephen N Mutwiwa
BACKGROUND: Globally, there is an acute shortage of human resources for health (HRH), and the greatest burden is borne by low-income countries especially in sub-Saharan Africa and some parts of Asia. This shortage has not only considerably constrained the achievement of health-related development goals but also impeded accelerated progress towards universal health coverage (UHC). Like any other low-income country, Kenya is experiencing health workforce shortage particularly in specialized healthcare workers to cater for the rapidly growing need for specialized health care (MOH Training Needs Assessment report (2015))...
December 1, 2017: Human Resources for Health
Julio Heras-Mosteiro, Begoña Monge-Maillo, Mariona Pinart, Patricia Lopez Pereira, Ludovic Reveiz, Emely Garcia-Carrasco, Pedro Campuzano Cuadrado, Ana Royuela, Irene Mendez Roman, Rogelio López-Vélez
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous leishmaniasis, caused by a parasitic infection, is considered one of the most serious skin diseases in many low- and middle-income countries. Old World cutaneous leishmaniasis (OWCL) is caused by species found in Africa, Asia, the Middle East, the Mediterranean, and India. The most commonly prescribed treatments are antimonials, but other drugs have been used with varying success. As OWCL tends to heal spontaneously, it is necessary to justify the use of systemic and topical treatments...
November 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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