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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892847/international-adoption-from-ethiopia-an-overview-of-the-health-status-at-arrival-in-belgium
#1
Lydia Van Kesteren, Marek Wojciechowski
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia is a densely populated country with a fast growing economy. Still socioeconomic and health issues render many children parentless. One thousand and twenty eight Ethiopian children have been adopted in Belgium from September 2005 to September 2015. Little has been published about their health status at arrival. METHODS: Three hundred and fifteen children adopted from Ethiopia were clinically evaluated at the Institute of Tropical Medicine in Antwerp from 1 January 2008 until 31 December 2014...
November 28, 2016: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878794/varicosities-of-the-lower-extremity-new-approaches-cosmetic-or-therapeutic-needs
#2
Luca Spinedi, Heiko Uthoff, Sasan Partovi, Daniel Staub
Varicose veins of the lower extremity (VVLE) are a frequently encountered vascular disorder in the general population. The general view that VVLE are a non-serious disease with primarily aesthetic impact is a common misconception, as the disease can have a significant negative impact on generic and disease-specific quality of life. Further, VVLE may be associated with potentially threatening clinical conditions, such as chronic venous ulceration, venous thromboembolism and haemorrhage from ruptured varicose veins...
2016: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809749/fish-hydrolysates-a-regulatory-perspective-of-bioactive-peptides
#3
Bert Gevaert, Lieselotte Veryser, Frederick Verbeke, Evelien Wynendaele, Bart De Spiegeleer
For the first time introduced on the Japanese market, bioactive fish hydrolysates are now available all over the world as food supplements, functional food ingredients or nutricosmeceuticals. They are generally produced from low value fish waste, an almost inexhaustible source of raw material, and are sold as high value products, making them economically interesting from a manufacturer's view point. Most of these products have health or structure/function claims on their packages with different actions like antihypertensive, blood-glucose lowering, anxiolytic and skin anti-aging activities...
November 2, 2016: Protein and Peptide Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806156/reliability-and-photographic-equivalency-of-the-scar-cosmesis-assessment-and-rating-scar-scale-an-outcome-measure-for-postoperative-scars
#4
Jonathan Kantor
Importance: Until recently, no ideal valid, feasible, and reliable scar scale existed to effectively assess the quality of postoperative linear scars. The Scar Cosmesis Assessment and Rating (SCAR) scale was developed and validated as a tool to assess the quality of postoperative scars in clinical and research settings. Objective: To assess the reliability of using photographs in lieu of live patient scar rating assessments, and to determine the interrater and intrarater reliability of the SCAR scale...
November 2, 2016: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801787/effects-of-ganodermanondiol-a-new-melanogenesis-inhibitor-from-the-medicinal-mushroom-ganoderma-lucidum
#5
Ji-Woong Kim, Hong-Il Kim, Jong-Hyeon Kim, O-Chul Kwon, Eun-Suk Son, Chang-Soo Lee, Young-Jin Park
Ganoderma lucidum, a species of the Basidiomycetes class, has been attracting international attention owing to its wide variety of biological activities and great potential as an ingredient in skin care cosmetics including "skin-whitening" products. However, there is little information available on its inhibitory effect against tyrosinase activity. Therefore, the objectives of this study were to investigate the chemical composition of G. lucidum and its inhibitory effects on melanogenesis. We isolated the active compound from G...
October 27, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773801/a-review-of-ethnobotany-therapeutic-value-phytochemistry-and-pharmacology-of-crinum-macowanii-baker-a-highly-traded-bulbous-plant-in-southern-africa
#6
Alfred Maroyi
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Crinum macowanii is a deciduous bulbous plant which grows in east, central and southern Africa. Crinum macowanii has been used as herbal medicine by the indigenous people of east and southern Africa has for several centuries. The bulb, leaves and roots of C. macowanii are reported to possess diverse medicinal properties and used to treat or manage various human and animal diseases and ailments throughout its distributional range. Crinum macowanii is used traditionally as a remedy for boils, diarrhoea, fever, inflammation, respiratory system problems, skin rashes, tuberculosis, wounds and urinary tract problems...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737816/safety-evaluation-of-styrax-liquidus-from-the-viewpoint-of-genotoxicity-and-mutagenicity
#7
Mohammad Charehsaz, Rengin Reis, Sinem Helvacioglu, Hande Sipahi, Etil Guzelmeric, Ebru Turkoz Acar, Gamze Cicek, Erdem Yesilada, Ahmet Aydin
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Styrax liquidus is a resinous exudate (balsam) obtained from the wounded trunk of the Liquidambar orientalis Mill. (Hamamelidaceae). Styrax has been used for treatment of various ailments in Turkish folk medicine such as skin problems, peptic ulcers, nocturnal enuresis, parasitic infections, antiseptic or as expectorant. AIM OF STUDY: In spite of frequent use of styrax in Turkish folk medicine as well as once as a stabilizer in perfumery industry, negative reports have been noticed by the international authority for restriction its use based on some limited evidences from an in vitro study...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720464/the-skin-aging-exposome
#8
Jean Krutmann, Anne Bouloc, Gabrielle Sore, Bruno A Bernard, Thierry Passeron
The term "exposome" describes the totality of exposures to which an individual is subjected from conception to death. It includes both external and internal factors as well as the human body's response to these factors. Current exposome research aims to understand the effects all factors have on specific organs, yet today, the exposome of human skin has not received major attention and a corresponding definition is lacking. This review was compiled with the collaboration of European scientists, specialized in either environmental medicine or skin biology...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Dermatological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717107/management-of-patients-with-ocular-manifestations-in-vesiculobullous-disorders-affecting-the-mouth
#9
REVIEW
M S Hansen, O N Klefter, H O Julian, A M Lynge Pedersen, S Heegaard
Pemphigoid and pemphigus diseases as well as Stevens-Johnson syndrome present as vesiculobullous disorders of the skin and may additionally involve both the oral cavity and the ocular surface. Ocular involvement ranges from mild irritation and dry eye disease to chronic conjunctivitis, symblepharon, eyelid malposition, ocular surface scarring and severe visual loss. In addition to diagnostic assessments, ophthalmologists must treat the dry eye and meibomian gland dysfunction components of these diseases using a stepladder approach, including eyelid hygiene and lubricants...
October 7, 2016: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605815/histopathological-features-of-cutaneous-and-gastric-habronemiasis-in-horse
#10
Fatemeh Amininajafi, Mohammad Reza Mehrara, Arman Hosseini, Rooholla Fattahi, Mehdi Taghizadeh, Sardar Hasanzadeh
The aim of study was to describe clinico histopathological manifestations of cutaneous and gastric habronemiasis in horse. The adult worms live on the wall of the stomach and cutaneous of the host without internal migration. A 5 year old 700 kg warm-blood, cross gelding was referred to the Tehran School of Veterinary Medicine, Veterinary Teaching Hospital. The horse presented skin lesions around. In our survey, several raised granulomatous nodules with a cystic space and parasites within the cysts were observed...
September 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27585509/genetic-screening-of-anderson-fabry-disease-in-probands-referred-from-multispecialty-clinics
#11
Valentina Favalli, Eliana Disabella, Mariadelfina Molinaro, Marilena Tagliani, Anna Scarabotto, Alessandra Serio, Maurizia Grasso, Nupoor Narula, Carmela Giorgianni, Clelia Caspani, Monica Concardi, Manuela Agozzino, Calogero Giordano, Alexandra Smirnova, Takahide Kodama, Lorenzo Giuliani, Elena Antoniazzi, Riccardo G Borroni, Camilla Vassallo, Filippo Mangione, Laura Scelsi, Stefano Ghio, Carlo Pellegrini, Marialuisa Zedde, Laura Fancellu, GianPietro Sechi, Antonello Ganau, Stefania Piga, Annarita Colucci, Daniela Concolino, Maria Teresa Di Mascio, Danilo Toni, Marina Diomedi, Claudio Rapezzi, Elena Biagini, Massimiliano Marini, Maurizia Rasura, Maurizio Melis, Antonia Nucera, Donata Guidetti, Michelangelo Mancuso, Umberto Scoditti, Pamela Cassini, Jagat Narula, Luigi Tavazzi, Eloisa Arbustini
BACKGROUND: Anderson-Fabry disease (AFD) is a rare X-linked lysosomal storage disease, caused by defects of the alpha-galactosidase A (GLA) gene. AFD can affect the heart, brain, kidney, eye, skin, peripheral nerves, and gastrointestinal tract. Cardiology (hypertrophic cardiomyopathy), neurology (cryptogenic stroke), and nephrology (end-stage renal failure) screening studies suggest the prevalence of GLA variants is 0.62%, with diagnosis confirmation in 0.12%. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to expand screening from these settings to include ophthalmology, dermatology, gastroenterology, internal medicine, pediatrics, and medical genetics to increase diagnostic yield and comprehensively evaluate organ involvement in AFD patients...
September 6, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27512711/the-use-of-sunscreen-products-among-final-year-medicine-and-pharmacy-students-a-cross-sectional-study-of-knowledge-attitude-practice-and-perception
#12
Ammar Ihsan Awadh, Shazia Jamshed, Ramadan M Elkalmi, Hazrina Hadi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the knowledge, attitude, perception, and practice of medical and pharmacy students toward the usage of sunscreen as protection for the skin against ultraviolet (UV) radiation. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted among final year medical and pharmacy undergraduates at the International Islamic University Malaysia. Validated questionnaires were distributed to 134 medical students and 100 pharmacy students. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used where appropriate...
July 2016: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27509953/prevalent-signs-and-symptoms-in-patients-with-skin-cancer-and-nursing-diagnoses
#13
Isabel Neves Duarte Lisboa, Monica Suela de Azevedo Macena, Maria Isabel Fernandes da Conceicao Dias, Ana Beatriz de Almeida Medeiros, Cyndi Fernandes de Lima, Ana Luisa Brandao de Carvalho Lira
BACKGROUND: Skin cancer has a remarkable importance given the high incidence in the population. In Brazil, it is estimated that there were 98,420 new cases of nonmelanoma skin cancer among men and 83,710 new cases among women in 2014. OBJECTIVES: To verify signs and symptoms present in patients with skin neoplasms according to the literature and relate them to the nursing diagnoses of NANDA International. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Integrative literature review carried out from March to May 2015 in the databases: Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, SCOPUS, National Library of Medicine and Nattional Institutes of Health, Latin American and Caribbean Sciences of Health and Web of Science...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27509951/skin-cancer-clinicopathological-study-of-204-patients-in-southern-governorates-of-yemen
#14
Amer Bin AlZou, Mazen Abood Bin Thabit, Khalid Abdulla AlSakkaf, Huda Omer Basaleem
BACKGROUND: Skin cancer is a group of heterogeneous malignancies, in general classified into nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC) and melanoma skin cancer (MSC). Incidences are high in many parts in the world with considerable geographical and racial variation. In the Yemen, there has been scarce information about skin cancer. The aim of this study was to evaluate the demographic characteristics and histological trend of skin cancer in Southern Governorates of Yemen. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study covered 204 cases of skin cancer at the Modern Histopathology Laboratory and Aden Cancer Registry and Research Center, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Aden, for the period 20062013...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27499402/intravenous-glutathione-for-skin-lightening-inadequate-safety-data
#15
Lester M Davids, Jennifer C Van Wyk, Nonhlanhla P Khumalo
Glutathione (GSH) is the most abundant naturally occurring non-protein thiol that protects mammalian cells from oxidative stress. Intravenous (IV) GSH for skin lightening is advertised by clinics in South Africa and internationally online, yet to date no published review on the subject exists. Methods. We conducted a MEDLINE search (to 30 September 2015) of GSH use for skin lightening and of all indications in medicine, to evaluate its safety. Results. Two controlled clinical trials (GSH capsules: 60 patients; 2% glutathione disulphide lotion: 30 patients) and a case series (GSH lozenges: 30 patients) reported a significantly decreased melanin index...
August 2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27452449/improved-transplanted-stem-cell-survival-in-a-polymer-gel-supplemented-with-tenascin-c-accelerates-healing-and-reduces-scarring-of-murine-skin-wounds
#16
Cecelia C Yates, Austin Nuschke, Melanie Rodrigues, Diana Whaley, Jason J Dechant, Donald P Taylor, Alan Wells
Mesenchymal stem cells remain of great interest in regenerative medicine due to their ability to home to sites of injury, differentiate into a variety of relevant lineages, and modulate inflammation and angiogenesis through paracrine activity. Many studies have found that despite the promise of MSC therapy, cell survival upon implant is highly limited and greatly reduces the therapeutic utility of MSCs. The matrikine Tenascin C, a protein expressed often at the edges of a healing wound, contains unique EGF-like repeats that are able to bind EGFR at low affinity and induce downstream pro-survival signaling without inducing receptor internalization...
July 22, 2016: Cell Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27438207/importance-of-multidisciplinary-approach-in-diagnosis-of-histoplasmosis
#17
Patricia Botini de Oliveira, Marilda Aparecida Milanez Morgado de Abreu, Antônio Luiz de Arruda Mattos
A patient with systemic involvement, initially treated as tuberculosis, is presented in this report. There were only two painful subcutaneous nodules, from which we arrived at the correct diagnosis of histoplasmosis. The patient was attended by several experts in the fields of infectious diseases, nephrology and internal medicine, but the diagnosis was only possible after dermatological examination and skin biopsy. This case values multidisciplinary interaction between dermatologists and other medical areas for diagnosis of cases with atypical manifestations...
May 2016: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27418873/identifying-the-core-content-of-a-dermatology-module-for-malaysian-medical-undergraduate-curriculum-using-a-modified-delphi-method
#18
Adawiyah Jamil, Leelavathi Muthupalaniappen, Norazirah Md Nor, Harlina Halizah Siraj, Abdus Salam
BACKGROUND: Dermatology is a minor module in internal medicine undergraduate curriculum. Limited time is allocated for its teaching. Most graduates are inadequately prepared to diagnose and manage skin diseases. We aimed to identify the core content of a more effective dermatology module. METHODS: A modified Delphi method was used to reach a consensus. A questionnaire was developed by a selected panel and sent to 20 dermatologists, family physicians and general practitioners (GPs), respectively...
May 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27413739/preventive-effects-of-houttuynia-cordata-extract-for-oral-infectious-diseases
#19
Yasuko Sekita, Keiji Murakami, Hiromichi Yumoto, Takashi Amoh, Natsumi Fujiwara, Shohei Ogata, Takashi Matsuo, Yoichiro Miyake, Yoshiki Kashiwada
Houttuynia cordata (HC) (Saururaceae) has been used internally and externally as a traditional medicine and as an herbal tea for healthcare in Japan. Our recent survey showed that HC poultice (HCP) prepared from smothering fresh leaves of HC had been frequently used for the treatment of purulent skin diseases with high effectiveness. Our experimental study also demonstrated that ethanol extract of HCP (eHCP) has antibacterial, antibiofilm, and anti-inflammatory effects against S. aureus which caused purulent skin diseases...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27409709/rapamycin-and-rapalogs-for-tuberous-sclerosis-complex
#20
REVIEW
Teguh H Sasongko, Nur Farrah Dila Ismail, Zamh Zabidi-Hussin
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown potential benefits of rapamycin or rapalogs for treating people with tuberous sclerosis complex. Although everolimus (a rapalog) is currently approved by the FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) and the EMA (European Medicines Agency) for tuberous sclerosis complex-associated renal angiomyolipoma and subependymal giant cell astrocytoma, applications for other manifestations of tuberous sclerosis complex have not yet been established. A systematic review is necessary to establish the clinical value of rapamycin or rapalogs for various manifestations in tuberous sclerosis complex...
July 13, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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