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Manoel Antonio Dos Santos, Maria Laura de Paula Lopes Pereira-Martins
The tasks of caregiving for children with disabilities involve contextual life stressors. The study aimed to investigate the coping strategies used by parents of children with intellectual disabilities (ID). The search included articles published between 2001 and 2015 on the PubMed, LILACS and PsycINFO databases, using the following key words: intellectual disability, coping, parents, caregivers, family. Thirteen articles were selected, the majority of which adopt a cross-sectional, comparative and quantitative approach...
October 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
J Mertens, J Germer, J A Siqueira, J Sauerborn
Spondias tuberosa Arr., a fructiferous tree endemic to the northeast Brazilian tropical dry forest called Caatinga, accounts for numerous benefits for its ecosystem as well as for the dwellers of the Caatinga. The tree serves as feed for pollinators and dispersers as well as fodder for domestic ruminants, and is a source of additional income for local smallholders and their families. Despite its vantages, it is facing several man-made and natural threats, and it is suspected that S. tuberosa could become extinct...
October 24, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Biology, Revista Brasleira de Biologia
Tao Deng, Xiao-Shuang Zhang, Changkyun Kim, Jian-Wen Zhang, Dai-Gui Zhang, Sergei Volis
Mazus sunhangii, a new species of Mazaceae from central China is described and illustrated based on evidence from morphology and molecular phylogeny. This new species is morphologically similar to M. puchellus and M. omeiensis but differs in erect habit, inflorescence position, leaf pattern and corolla color. Phylogenetic analysis based on four chloroplast DNA regions (rbcL, rps16, trnL-F, and psbA-trnH) identified the new species as the independent lineage sister to the other East Asian Mazus species. The new species is known only from a single location in Mt...
2016: PloS One
Hanping Li, Shuai Chang, Yang Han, Daomin Zhuang, Lin Li, Yongjian Liu, Siyang Liu, Zuoyi Bao, Wenfu Zhang, Hongbin Song, Taisheng Li, Jingyun Li
BACKGROUND: The widespread use of antiretroviral therapies has led to considerable concerns about the prevalence of drug-resistant, as transmission of drug-resistant (TDR) strains poses a challenge for the control of the HIV-1 epidemic. METHODS: We conducted an epidemiological study enrolling treatment-naïve HIV-1-positive subjects at the Peking Union Medical College Hospital since 1991. Drug resistance was determined by submitting the sequences to the Stanford University Network HIV-1 database...
October 26, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
N Chahidi, M Rousié
Rupture of the flexor digitorum profundus and superficialis tendons of the index finger secondary to non-union of the capitate has not yet been reported to our knowledge. We describe the case of a 48-year-old man with rupture of both flexor tendons of the index finger that occurred 15 years after a capitate fracture. The patient was completely asymptomatic before the rupture. Tendon reconstruction was performed using the palmaris longus. One year after surgery, the patient had acceptable range of motion and was pain-free...
September 2016: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
Dimitrios Bitas, Victoria F Samanidou
A high-performance liquid chromatographic method was developed for the determination of six quinolone residues (ciprofloxacin, enrofloxacin, sarafloxacin, oxolinic acid, nalidixic acid and flumequine) in shrimp tissue samples. Separation was carried out by a LiChrospher® 100 RP-8e column, running at a 22 min gradient elution program, and the mobile phase consisted of citric acid (0.4 mol/L), acetonitrile and methanol. Detection was achieved by a diode array detector, monitoring at 255 and 275 nm. Sample preparation included initial extraction with citric acid solution and further clean-up by solid-phase extraction, employing Lichrolut RP-18 cartridges...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Separation Science
Fujian Ji, Xuedong Fang, Junnan Jiang, Yuanyu Wu, Ye Feng, Huiling Guo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the value of en-bloc mesogastric excision (EME) in the treatment of advanced gastric cancer. METHODS: A retrospective analysis on clinical data of 98 gastric cancer patients who underwent total gastrectomy in China-Japan Union Hospital of Jilin University from January 2013 to December 2015 was carried out, including EME group of 48 cases (according to the mesangial space) and D2 radical group of 50 cases(D2 lymphadenectomy according to the vascular markers)...
October 25, 2016: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Michael James Hutton, Robert A McGuire, Robert Dunn, Richard Williams, Peter Robertson, Bruce Twaddle, Patrick Kiely, Andrew Clarke, Keyvan Mazda, Paul Davies, Krystle T Pagarigan, Joseph R Dettori
Study Design Systematic review. Objectives To determine the incidence of catastrophic cervical spine injuries (CCSIs) among elite athletes participating in contact team sports and whether the incidence varies depending on the use of protective gear or by player position. Methods Electronic databases and reference lists of key articles published from January 1, 2000, to January 29, 2016, were searched. Results Fourteen studies were included that reported CCSI in rugby (n = 10), American football (n = 3), and Irish hurling (n = 1)...
November 2016: Global Spine Journal
Kazunori Hayashi, Akira Matsumura, Sadahiko Konishi, Minori Kato, Takashi Namikawa, Hiroaki Nakamura
Study Design Retrospective study. Objective To compare clinical outcomes, radiographic evaluations including bony union rate and incidence of osteoporotic vertebral fractures (OVFxs), and perioperative complications following posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) between patients ≥80 years of age and those <80 years. Methods Ninety-six patients ≥70 years old who underwent PLIF were reviewed. We divided the patients into the two age groups, ≥80 group (n = 19) and <80 group (n = 77), and compared the clinical outcomes using Japanese Orthopaedics Association (JOA) scores and the Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36)...
November 2016: Global Spine Journal
Andreas C Bryhn, Peter H Dimberg, Lena Bergström, Ronny E Fredriksson, Johanna Mattila, Ulf Bergström
Identifying the main sources of nutrient loading is a key factor for efficient mitigation of eutrophication. This study has investigated the pathways of external nutrient loading to 656 coastal water bodies along the entire Swedish coastline. The studied water bodies have been delineated to meet requirements in the European Union's Water Framework Directive, and recent status assessments have shown that 57% of them fail to attain good or high ecological status with respect to nutrients. The analysis in the study was performed on data from mass-balance based nutrient budgets computed using the modelling framework Vattenwebb...
October 22, 2016: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Yi-Chen Meng, Xu-Hui Zhou
PURPOSE: Tibial pilon fractures remain challenging for an orthopaedic surgeon to repair. External fixation (ExFix) and open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) are two widely used methods for repairing tibial pilon fractures. However, conclusions of comparative studies regarding which method is superior are controversial. Our aim is to compare ORIF and ExFix and clarify which method is better in terms of reduction and union results and major complications. METHODS: A computerized research of MEDLINE, EMBASE, Springer, and Cochrane Library (before December 2014) for studies of any design comparing ORIF and ExFix was conducted...
October 1, 2016: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
Lis Alban
Free movement of safe and wholesome food is an essential aspect of any society. This article contains an updated description of the regulatory issues associated with preharvest food safety within the European Union. Salmonella, Campylobacter, Trichinella, antimicrobial resistance, and bovine spongiform encephalopathy are dealt with in detail. Moreover, Cysticercus bovis/Taenia saginata, Toxoplasma, Yersinia, verotoxigenic/shigatoxigenic Escherichia coli, Listeria, and foodborne viruses are briefly covered. The article describes how the focus in the European Union is changing to involve a supply chain view with a focus on cost-effectiveness...
October 2016: Microbiology Spectrum
Monika Roberta Korczyńska, Justyna Rogalska
BACKGROUND: Vaccination against mumps from 2003 is mandatory in Poland and given as two dose scheme with MMR vaccine (mumps, measles, and rubella). Earlier this vaccination was only recommended. Despite observed decline in mumps incidence for over a decade which is a result of conducted vaccinations, mumps is still a common disease among the children. AIM: To assess epidemiological situation of mumps in Poland in 2014, including vaccination coverage in Polish population, in comparison to previous years...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Taek-Ho Hong, Kyu-Jung Cho, Young-Tae Kim, Jae-Woo Park, Beom-Ho Seo, Nak-Chul Kim
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective, radiological analysis OBJECTIVE.: To determine that 15° lordotic angle cages create higher lumbar lordosis in open transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) than 4° and 8° cages. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Restoration of lumbar lordosis is important to obtain good outcome after lumbar fusion surgery. Various shapes and angles of cages in interbody fusion have been used, however, it is not proved that lordotic angle of cages determine lumbar lordosis...
October 24, 2016: Spine
Ashley L Schoenfisch, Hester Lipscomb, Clayton Sinyai, Darrin Adams
INTRODUCTION: Despite the size and breadth of OSHA's Outreach Training program for construction, information on its impact on work-related injury rates is limited. METHODS: In a 9-year dynamic cohort of 17,106 union carpenters in Washington State, the effectiveness of OSHA Outreach Training on workers' compensation claims rate was explored. Injury rates were calculated by training status overall and by carpenters' demographic and work characteristics using Poisson regression...
October 25, 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Liang Zhao, Baojun Wang, Xiaodong Bai, Zhenyu Liu, Hua Gao, Yadong Li
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the radiographic and functional outcomes of operative intervention in patients with both-bone forearm fractures treated by open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) with plates or intramedullary (IM) nailing. METHODS: Studies published in PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, SinoMed (Chinese BioMedical Literature Service System, China), and CNKI (China National Knowledge Infrastructure, China) were systematically searched...
October 24, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
Jung Taek Kim, Hyung Jun Jeong, Soong Joon Lee, Hee Joong Kim, Jeong Joon Yoo
PURPOSE: Atypical femoral fracture (AFF), periprosthetic femoral fracture (PPFF) and femoral nonunion (FNU) are recalcitrant challenges for orthopedic surgeons. Teriparatide (TPTD) had been demonstrated to have anabolic effects on bone in various studies. We postulated that adjuvant TPTD after operation would enhance biologic stimulation for bone formation. We investigated (1) whether the adjuvant TPTD could achieve satisfactory union rate of surgically challenging cases such as displaced AFF, PPFF and FNU; (2) whether the adjuvant TPTD could promote development of abundant callus after surgical fixation; (3) whether the adjuvant TPTD had medically serious adverse effects...
September 2016: Hip Pelvis
Anna Jungwirth-Weinberger, Paul Borbas, Andreas Schweizer, Ladislav Nagy
Purpose Ulna-shortening osteotomy is one of the most established and most frequent operations in hand surgery. However, bone union is not always achieved and the use of plates implies potential risks and problems. The traditional points of criticism are the duration of bone healing, the incidence of nonunion, and the necessity of hardware removal due to the soft tissue irritation by the plate or the screws. These shortcomings have been addressed by an increasing standardization of the procedure and finally specific instruments and implants...
November 2016: Journal of Wrist Surgery
E Longo, M Masellis, G Fondi, C Cedri, C Debbia, A Pitidis
Accidents and burns are a major problem in Italy and in industrialized countries, due to the consequences they have on health, especially in children aged 0-4 years. In Italy, about 400 people die each year from burns, with over 70% of these occurring in the home. In the European Union, burns are one of the top five causes of death from accidents, accounting for 3% of all deaths from accidents and violence in those age groups. One percent of all deaths in children are due to burns. In this paper, we illustrate the results of qualitative analysis, conducted according to the methodology of content analysis, on narratives included in the anamnesis of clinical papers at the ED in 738 cases of burns in children (0-14 years) observed in a sample of Emergency Departments in the years 2005-2009...
December 31, 2015: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
Mohamed A Daw, Abdallah El-Bouzedi, Mohamed O Ahmed, Aghnyia A Dau, Mohamed M Agnan, Aisha M Drah, Ali O Deake
Immigrants have become an important focus point of research nowadays particularly as they are prone to certain viral infections and diseases. This will be reflected greatly on the health care system of both the traverse and resettlement countries. African immigrants from North and Sub-Saharan countries accounted for the majority of immigrants to European Union particularly after the recent armed conflict in Libya. Here in we report on the prevalence of Human Immune Deficiency Virus in African immigrants resided in Libya before reaching their final destiny in EU...
October 21, 2016: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
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