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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353321/energy-expenditure-of-rugby-players-during-a-14-day-in-season-period-measured-using-doubly-labelled-water
#1
Deborah R Smith, R F G J King, L C Duckworth, L Sutton, T Preston, J P O'Hara, B Jones
Criterion data for total energy expenditure (TEE) in elite rugby are lacking, which prediction equations may not reflect accurately. This study quantified TEE of 27 elite male rugby league (RL) and rugby union (RU) players (U16, U20, U24 age groups) during a 14-day in-season period using doubly labelled water (DLW). Measured TEE was also compared to estimated, using prediction equations. Resting metabolic rate (RMR) was measured using indirect calorimetry, and physical activity level (PAL) estimated (TEE:RMR)...
January 20, 2018: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352469/amoxicillin-current-use-in-swine-medicine
#2
REVIEW
D G S Burch, D Sperling
Amoxicillin has become a major antimicrobial substance in pig medicine for the treatment and control of severe, systemic infections such as Streptococcus suis. The minimum inhibitory concentration 90% (MIC 90) is 0.06 μg amoxicillin/ml, and the proposed epidemiological cut-off value (ECOFF) is 0.5 μg/ml, giving only 0.7% of isolates above the ECOFF or of reduced susceptibility. Clinical breakpoints have not been set for amoxicillin against porcine pathogens yet, hence the use of ECOFFs. It has also been successfully used for bacterial respiratory infections caused by Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae and Pasteurella multocida...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351858/determination-of-semicarbazide-in-fish-by-molecularly-imprinted-stir-bar-sorptive-extraction-coupled-with-high-performance-liquid-chromatography
#3
Tang Tang, Fangdi Wei, Xu Wang, Yujie Ma, Yueyue Song, Yunsu Ma, Quan Song, Guanhong Xu, Yao Cen, Qin Hu
A novel molecularly imprinted stir bar (MI-SB) for sorptive extraction of semicarbazide (SEM) was prepared in present paper. The coating of the stir bar was characterized by scanning electron microscopy, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, dynamic adsorption and static adsorption tests. The saturated adsorption of MI-SB was about 4 times over that of non-imprinted stir bar (NI-SB). The selectivity of MI-SB for SEM was much better than NI-SB. A method to determine SEM was established by coupling MI-SB sorptive extraction with HPLC-UV...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351712/-immigrated-physicians-chances-and-challenges
#4
Isabel Hohmann, Heide Glaesmer, Yuriy Nesterko
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: In the health care infrastructure of Germany a demand for physicians with immigrant background exists. The situation of immigrated physicians is largely unexplored so far. In the framework of a pilot study stressors and resources of physicians with immigrant background have been explored concerning their migration-related experiences at German hospitals, and within the medical team. METHODS: As part of a qualitative analysis 8 physicians with immigrant background have been interviewed (problem-centered interview) from July to September 2014...
January 19, 2018: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349993/-accurate-osteotomy-assisted-by-individualized-navigation-templates-for-the-treatment-of-children-cubitus-varus
#5
Peng-Fei Zheng, Jie Chen, Xu Peng Xux, Bo Jiang, Qing-Qiang Yao, Li-Ming Wang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility and accuracy of a new navigation template for osteotomy in cubitus varus based on computer assistant design and 3D printing technology. METHODS: The preoperative CT images of 15 children with cubitus varus from June 2015 to June 2016 were collected. According to the above data, the individual osteotomy navigate template match the distal humerus was designed by the software and printed by the 3D printer. Accurate osteotomy was performed with the assistant of the navigate template in the operation...
April 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349966/-a-medium-term-therapeutic-effects-of-anatomic-locking-plate-for-femoral-intertrochanteric-with-lateral-femoral-wall-fractures
#6
Jin-Wei Xu, Lei Han, Yun-Gen Hu, Wei-Li Fang, Bo Ji
OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively study medium term follow-up outcomes of the femoral intertrochanteric with lateral femoral wall fractures using anatomic locking plate fixation. METHODS: From June 2010 to January 2013, 18 cases of the unstable femoral intertrochanteric with lateral femoral wall fractures were treated with the anatomic locking plate, included 8 males and 10 females with an average age of 75.5 years ranging from 19 to 83 years old. There were 8 cases of traffic accident injuries, 6 cases of falls injuries, and 4 cases of falling from high place...
March 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349960/-anterolateral-acromial-approach-for-the-treatment-of-proximal-humerus-in-2-or-3-part-fractures-a-case-control-study
#7
Zheng-Xin Song, Yan Liu, Ying-Fu Mao, Bing-Yan Li, Li-Jin Wei, Yun Tian
OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical curative effect of anterolateral acromial approach in treating two-and three-part of proximal humeral fractures. METHODS: Forty-two patients of proximal humeral fractures from January 2010 to June 2014 were analyzed retrospectively, including 23 males and 19 females with a mean age of 61.5 years old ranging from 40 to 76 years old. Among them, 22 cases were treated with anterolateral acromial approach and 20 cases were treated with deltopectoral approach...
March 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349503/is-there-any-difference-between-open-and-arthroscopic-treatment-for-osteochondritis-dissecans-ocd-of-the-humeral-capitellum-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Yi Lu, Yi Jun Li, Si Yi Guo, Hai Long Zhang
PURPOSE: We present a systematic review of the recent literatures regarding the arthroscopic and open technique in fragment fixation for osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) of the humeral capitellum and an analysis of the subjective and objective outcomes between these two procedures. METHODS: PubMed and EMBASE were reviewed for suitable articles relating to fragment fixation for OCD, both open and arthroscopic. We included all studies reporting on the clinical outcomes of these two procedures that were published in the English language...
January 18, 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349201/factors-affecting-the-physical-and-mental-health-of-older-adults-in-china-the-importance-of-marital-status-child-proximity-and-gender
#9
Lindy Williams, Renling Zhang, Kevin C Packard
Evidence is accumulating about the association between strong family ties and the emotional and physical welfare of older adults, and researchers have identified negative consequences of being unmarried, being childless, and/or living alone. These associations have been recognized in multiple contexts, including in Asia where living with a spouse and/or grown children has been shown in some studies to improve elderly well-being. Social support, especially family support, is expected to continue to be important where populations are aging and social safety nets are weak...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349031/modified-elmslie-trillat-procedure-for-distal-realignment-of-patella-tendon
#10
Ricardo Bastos Filho, Alberto Monteiro, Renato Andrade, M J S Fredrick Michael, Nuno Sevivas, Bruno Pereira, André Sarmento, João Espregueira-Mendes
Patellofemoral dysfunction, due to either a patellofemoral malalignment or patellar instability, is a complex and debilitating condition that significantly decreases the knee function. Conservative management may yield significant clinical outcomes; however, when morphologic anomalies are identified, the surgical approach should be employed. Hence, several surgical procedures have been described in the scientific literature aiming the correction of underlying extensor mechanism malalignments. Still, the rate of complications is higher than desirable...
December 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348182/trends-in-mortality-from-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-in-the-european-union-an-observational-study-of-the-who-mortality-database-from-2001-2013
#11
Dominic C Marshall, Justin D Salciccioli, Barry S Shea, Praveen Akuthota
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is the most common of the idiopathic interstitial pneumonias and is characterised by progressive accumulation of scar tissue in the lungs. The objective of this study was to describe the current mortality rates due to IPF in Europe, based on the World Health Organization (WHO) mortality database.We used country-level data for IPF mortality, identified in the WHO mortality database using International Classification of Diseases 10th Edition (ICD-10) codes, for the period 2001-2013...
January 2018: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347282/site-bond-percolation-of-heteronuclear-dimers-irreversibly-deposited-on-square-lattices
#12
P M Centres, A J Ramirez-Pastor, M C Gimenez
A generalization of the site-bond percolation problem was studied, in which pairs of neighboring sites (site dimers) and bonds are occupied irreversibly, randomly, and independently on homogeneous square surfaces. A dimer is composed of two segments and occupies two adjacent sites. Each segment can be either a conductive segment (segment type A) or a nonconductive segment (segment type B). Two types of dimers are considered, AA and AB, and the connectivity analysis is carried out by accounting only for the conductive segments (segments type A) in combination with bonds...
December 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347061/predictions-of-first-passage-times-in-sparse-discrete-fracture-networks-using-graph-based-reductions
#13
Jeffrey D Hyman, Aric Hagberg, Gowri Srinivasan, Jamaludin Mohd-Yusof, Hari Viswanathan
We present a graph-based methodology to reduce the computational cost of obtaining first passage times through sparse fracture networks. We derive graph representations of generic three-dimensional discrete fracture networks (DFNs) using the DFN topology and flow boundary conditions. Subgraphs corresponding to the union of the k shortest paths between the inflow and outflow boundaries are identified and transport on their equivalent subnetworks is compared to transport through the full network. The number of paths included in the subgraphs is based on the scaling behavior of the number of edges in the graph with the number of shortest paths...
July 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346070/key-pharmacovigilance-stakeholders-experiences-of-direct-patient-reporting-of-adverse-drug-reactions-and-their-prospects-of-future-development-in-the-european-union
#14
P Inácio, A Cavaco, E Allan, M Airaksinen
OBJECTIVES: In the European Union (EU), legislation allows patients to directly report adverse drug reactions (ADRs) to competent authorities. Five years after its implementation, patient reporting is not equal in all countries. This study aimed to explore key stakeholders' perceptions of patient reporting in four EU countries. STUDY DESIGN: Qualitative study design. METHODS: Twelve representatives from national pharmacovigilance centres and/or authorities as well as national pharmaceutical industry bodies in four EU countries participated in the study...
January 12, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345492/cigdem-kagitcibasi-1940-2017
#15
Zeynep Aycan, Zeynep Cemalcilar
Presents an obituary for Cigdem Kagitcibasi. Kagitcibasi is considered one of the founders of cross-cultural psychology. Her theoretical and applied research focused on human development in socio-cultural context, leading her to question the applicability of mainstream psychology to the majority (non-Western) world. Her emphasis on culture, social change, and the family as important aspects of the context of human development gave birth to Family Change Theory and the Theory of Autonomous-Related Self. Kagitcibasi was the first female president of the International Association for Cross-Cultural Psychology, the vice president of the International Union of Psychological Science and the International Social Science Council...
January 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344014/from-the-eu-legislation-to-the-application-of-the-single-european-code-support-to-the-implementation
#16
REVIEW
Valentina Caramia, Angelo Ghirardini, Paola Di Ciaccio, Francesca Vespasiano, Maura Mareri, Alessandro Nanni Costa
The Italian National Transplant Centre (CNT) is coordinating with the Italian National Blood Centre (CNS) the Joint Action '!' (www.eurocet128.eu), already built the European Tissue Establishment and Tissue and Cell Product Compendia between 2011 and 2014 in order to provide European Member States with a tool which would grant traceability of tissues and cells at human transplant purpose across the European Union. The two compendia are available on an online platform hosted and managed by the European Commission...
November 2017: Transfusion Medicine and Hemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343888/medial-femoral-condyle-vascularised-corticoperiosteal-graft-a-suitable-choice-for-scaphoid-non-union
#17
Samir Kumta, Sudhir Warrier, Leena Jain, Rani Ummal, Manik Menezes, Shrirang Purohit
Introduction: Scaphoid fractures are not very common and frequently remain undiagnosed, presenting in non-union and persistent wrist pain. Options for scaphoid fracture treatment have been described over several decades, however, none with an optimal solution to achieve union along with good hand function. We describe here, the use of vascularised corticoperiosteal bone grafts from the medial femoral condyle (MFC) as a solution for the difficult problem of scaphoid fracture non-union...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343242/stage-of-cancer-diagnoses-among-migrants-from-the-former-soviet-union-in-comparison-to-the-german-population-are-diagnoses-among-migrants-delayed
#18
An Bin Cho, Philipp Jaehn, Bernd Holleczek, Heiko Becher, Volker Winkler
BACKGROUND: In this study, we compared stage at diagnosis, standardized incidence ratio (SIR) and standardized mortality ratio (SMR) of most frequent cancer diagnoses between re-settlers (Aussiedler) from the former Soviet Union and the general population in the Saarland in Germany to assess possible delays in diagnosis of cancer among this migrant group. METHODS: Lung cancer, colorectal cancer, breast cancer, prostate cancer, malignant melanoma of the skin and stomach cancer diagnoses among a cohort of 18,619 re-settlers living in the Saarland between 1990 and 2009 were identified by the federal state's cancer registry...
January 17, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343013/-the-plasma-level-and-gene-expression-in-peripheral-blood-of-interleukin-35-in-patients-with-sarcoidosis-and-its-clinical-significance
#19
X Y Song, H Huang, Y Z Liu, S Li, Y Y Zhao, Z J Xu
Objective: To investigate the expression of interleukin(IL)-35 protein and gene in peripheral blood of patients with sarcoidosis and its clinical significance. Methods: Peripheral blood samples from 98 patients with sarcoidosis and 98 healthy volunteers were collected at Peking Union Medical College Hospital between January 2016 and March 2017. The plasma levels of IL-35 were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA), and the relationship between IL-35 and the clinical characteristics was analyzed...
January 12, 2018: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342496/-adverse-events-in-the-treatment-of-periprosthetic-fractures-around-the-knee-a-clinical-and-radiological-outcome-analysis
#20
Anna Janine Schreiner, Christoph Gonser, Christoph Ihle, Max Konstantin Zauleck, Tim Klopfer, Fabian Stuby, Ulrich Stöckle, Björn Gunnar Ochs
BACKGROUND: The incidence of periprosthetic fractures associated with total knee arthroplasty (PpFxK) has been reported to be 0.3 - 5.5%. 40% of all cases are related to revision TKA. The most common localisation is the distal femur. Classification is performed according to Rorabeck (RB). RB I - II fractures are usually treated with locked plating and retrograde intramedullary nailing, whereas RB III fractures are an indication for revision arthroplasty using a hinged endoprosthesis...
January 17, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
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