keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Otomy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250358/comprehensive-analysis-of-the-fungal-microbiota-of-the-human-external-auditory-canal-using-pyrosequencing
#1
Otomi Cho, Takashi Sugita
We previously reported that the Malassezia microbiota of the external auditory canal were composed principally of Malassezia slooffiae and Malassezia restricta. In the present study, the fungal microbiota of the external auditory canal were comprehensively analyzed by pyrosequencing on an FLX-454 platform. Of 17 samples tested, the fungal microbiota of 14 samples were composed of > 90% Malassezia species; either M. slooffiae or M. restricta was abundant in individual samples. The external auditory canal exhibits a lower fungal diversity than do other bodily sites...
2017: Medical Mycology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111792/inhibition-of-propionibacterium-acnes-lipase-activity-by-the-antifungal-agent-ketoconazole
#2
Mizuki Unno, Otomi Cho, Takashi Sugita
The common skin disease acne vulgaris is caused by Propionibacterium acnes. A lipase secreted by this microorganism metabolizes sebum and the resulting metabolites evoke inflammation in human skin. The antifungal drug ketoconazole inhibits P. acnes lipase activity. We previously showed that the drug also inhibits the growth of P. acnes. Thus, ketoconazole may serve as an alternative treatment for acne vulgaris, which is important because the number of antibiotic-resistant P. acnes strains has been increasing...
January 2017: Microbiology and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079497/meanings-of-waves-electroencephalography-and-society-in-mexico-city-1940-1950
#3
Nuria Valverde Pérez
Argument This paper focuses on the uses of electroencephalograms (EEGs) in Mexico during their introductory decade from 1940 to 1950. Following Borck (2006), I argue that EEGs adapted to fit local circumstances and that this adjustment led to the consolidation of different ways of making science and the emergence of new objects of study and social types. I also maintain that the way EEGs were introduced into the institutional networks of Mexico entangled them in discussions about the objective and juridical definitions of social groups, thereby preempting concerns about their technical and epistemic limitations...
December 2016: Science in Context
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986872/new-species-and-new-records-of-mites-of-the-family-myocoptidae-acariformes-sarcoptoidea-from-african-rodents
#4
Andre V Bochkov, Barry M OConnor, Maciej Skoracki
Eleven species of myocoptid mites (Acariformes: Myocoptidae) are recorded from African rodents. Among them, three species are described as new for science: Myocoptes lophuromys sp. nov. from Lophuromys woosnami Thomas, 1906 (Rodentia: Muridae) from Uganda, Trichoecius hylomyscus sp. nov. from Hylomyscus anselli Bishop, 1979 (Rodentia: Muridae) from Tanzania (type host and locality) and Hylomyscus stella (Thomas, 1911) from Gabon, and Trichoecius faini sp. nov. from Hylomyscus arcimontanus Carlton and Stanley, 2005 from Tanzania...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Medical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812958/the-physiological-accumulation-of-fdg-in-the-muscles-in-relation-to-the-side-of-intravenous-administration
#5
Yoichi Otomi, Takayoshi Shinya, Naoto Uyama, Yuta Arai, Kanako Miyamoto, Katsuya Takechi, Michiko Kubo, Hideki Otsuka, Masafumi Harada
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the physiological accumulation of (18)F-FDG in the muscles in relation to the side of intravenous administration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively investigated 3,118 (18)F-FDG-PET/CT examinations. We evaluated the physiological accumulation of FDG in the muscles of the shoulder and arm relative to its dependence on the side of intravenous administration. RESULTS: Six hundred six of the 3,118 examinations (19...
November 3, 2016: Japanese Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644554/correlation-of-3d-arterial-spin-labeling-and-multi-parametric-dynamic-susceptibility-contrast-perfusion-mri-in-brain-tumors
#6
Delgerdalai Khashbat Md, Takashi Abe Md, Mungunbagana Ganbold Md, Seiji Iwamoto Md, Naoto Uyama Md, Saho Irahara Md, Youichi Otomi Md PhD, Masafumi Harada Md PhD, Teruyoshi Kageji Md PhD, Shinji Nagahiro Md PhD
PURPOSE: Arterial spin labeling (ASL) is an alternative method to Dynamic susceptibility contrast (DSC) perfusion MRI for brain tumors. However, ASL cerebral blood flow (CBF) can be easily affected by transit time. DSC MRI derived time to maximum of the residue function (Tmax) is possible to assess the transit time on ASL. METHODS: Thirty patients with brain tumors were studied using ASL and DSC MRI. The relative cerebral blood flow (rCBF), relative cerebral blood volume (rCBV), Tmax, and mean transit time (MTT) were obtained from DSC MRI...
2016: Journal of Medical Investigation: JMI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595722/clinical-and-radiographic-evaluation-of-success-of-two-commercially-available-pulpotomy-agents-in-primary-teeth-an-in-vivo-study
#7
Harshini Togaru, Radhika Muppa, NCh Srinivas, K Naveen, Veerakishore K Reddy, V C Rebecca
AIM: The aim of this study is to evaluate and compare Biodentine and mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) as pulpotomy agents by clinical and radiological assessments in primary teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, 90 decayed primary molars indicated for pulpotomy were chosen and are divided into two groups. Soft enamel and dentinal caries were removed using spoon excavator. Access opening was done using highspeed cool water handpiece. Normal saline was used to irrigate pulp chamber, later saline moistened cotton pellet was used to obtain hemostasis in both groups...
July 1, 2016: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27389271/draft-genome-sequence-of-the-causative-antigen-of-summer-type-hypersensitivity-pneumonitis-trichosporon-domesticum-jcm-9580
#8
Otomi Cho, Tomoe Ichikawa, Sanae Kurakado, Masako Takashima, Ri-Ichiroh Manabe, Moriya Ohkuma, Takashi Sugita
Here, we report the draft genome sequence of Trichosporon domesticum JCM 9580, isolated from the house of a patient with summer-type hypersensitivity pneumonitis (SHP) in Japan. This genomic information will help elucidate the mechanisms of the development of SHP.
2016: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27374568/black-bean-coats-new-source-of-anthocyanins-stabilized-by-%C3%AE-cyclodextrin-copigmentation-in-a-sport-beverage
#9
Yolanda Aguilera, Luis Mojica, Miguel Rebollo-Hernanz, Mark Berhow, Elvira González de Mejía, María A Martín-Cabrejas
Anthocyanin-rich powders and aqueous extracts, with high antioxidant activities, were obtained from black bean seed coats and applied to colour a sport beverage. Idaho and Otomi bean coats were extracted in water-citric acid 2% (1/50, w/v), stirring for 4h at 40°C. Anthocyanins from Idaho and Otomi extracts (1.83mg and 1.02mg C3G/g, respectively) were applied to a commercially available sport beverage, with and without 2% β-cyclodextrin (βCD) under light and darkness conditions for 10days, and stored at 4°C and 25°C for 6weeks...
December 1, 2016: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27371104/low-dna-sequence-diversity-of-the-intergenic-spacer-1-region-in-the-human-skin-commensal-fungi-malassezia-sympodialis-and-m-dermatis-isolated-from-patients-with-malassezia-associated-skin-diseases-and-healthy-subjects
#10
Otomi Cho, Takashi Sugita
As DNA sequences of the intergenic spacer (IGS) region in the rRNA gene show remarkable intraspecies diversity compared with the small subunit, large subunit, and internal transcribed spacer region, the IGS region has been used as an epidemiological tool in studies on Malassezia globosa and M. restricta, which are responsible for the exacerbation of atopic dermatitis (AD) and seborrheic dermatitis (SD). However, the IGS regions of M. sympodialis and M. dermatis obtained from the skin of patients with AD and SD, as well as healthy subjects, lacked sequence diversity...
December 2016: Mycopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27301664/comprehensive-pyrosequencing-analysis-of-the-bacterial-microbiota-of-the-skin-of-patients-with-seborrheic-dermatitis
#11
Akiomi Tanaka, Otomi Cho, Chie Saito, Mami Saito, Ryoji Tsuboi, Takashi Sugita
Seborrheic dermatitis (SD) is a chronic inflammatory dermatologic condition in which erythema and itching develop on areas of the body with sebaceous glands, such as the scalp, face and chest. The inflammation is evoked directly by oleic acid, which is hydrolyzed from sebum by lipases secreted by skin microorganisms. Although the skin fungal genus, Malassezia, is thought to be the causative agent of SD, analysis of the bacterial microbiota of skin samples of patients with SD is necessary to clarify any association with Malassezia because the skin microbiota comprises diverse bacterial and fungal genera...
August 2016: Microbiology and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27301302/endoscopic-ureterocele-otomy-retrograde-incision-from-orifice-rio-of-urethral-segment-of-ureterocele-and-extending-to-bladder-neck-is-a-feasible-and-simple-procedure
#12
EDITORIAL
Max Maizels, Dennis Liu, Edward Ming-Luan Gong, William E Kaplan, Earl Y Cheng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27256405/increased-18-f-fluorodeoxyglucose-accumulation-in-bilateral-adrenal-glands-of-the-patients-suffering-from-vasovagal-reaction-due-to-blood-vessel-puncture
#13
Yoichi Otomi, Takayoshi Shinya, Hideki Otsuka, Kaori Terazawa, Saho Irahara, Saki Nagase, Ayaka Takahashi, Michiko Kubo, Masafumi Harada
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the hypothesis that patients having a vasovagal reaction (VVR) after blood vessel puncture show increased FDG accumulation in bilateral adrenal glands. METHODS: Over the past 8 years, 26 patients experienced a VVR after blood vessel puncture following intra-venous injection of FDG at our institution. Of the 26 patients, 16 underwent multiple-occasion FDG-PET/CT scans while suffering a VVR at only one examination...
August 2016: Annals of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26936344/comparative-analysis-of-extracellular-polymeric-substances-from-cryptococcus-gattii-vgiia-strain-isolated-for-the-first-time-in-japan
#14
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Tomoe Ichikawa, Otomi Cho, Takashi Sugita, Yoshio Ishibashi, Reiko Ikeda
Cryptococcus gattii and C. neoformans are pathogenic yeasts that cause meningoencephalitis. C. gattii has four molecular types: VGI, VGII, VGIII, and VGIV. Furthermore, three genotypes have been reported for VGII, and a high pathogenicity of the VGIIa genotype has been proposed. The VGIIa strain has been isolated from a patient in Japan, but little is known about the characteristics of the polysaccharides in this strain. In this study we examined the induction of interleukin-8(IL-8)transcriptional activation and compared the nuclear magnetic resonance(NMR)spectra of extracellular polymeric substances(EPSs), mainly polysaccharides, from the VGIIa, VGIIb, and VGIIc genotypes...
2016: Medical Mycology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26773135/comprehensive-analysis-of-the-skin-fungal-microbiota-of-astronauts-during-a-half-year-stay-at-the-international-space-station
#15
Takashi Sugita, Takashi Yamazaki, Koichi Makimura, Otomi Cho, Shin Yamada, Hiroshi Ohshima, Chiaki Mukai
The International Space Station (ISS) is a huge manned construct located approximately 400 km above the earth and is inhabited by astronauts performing space experiments. Because the station is within a closed microgravity environment, the astronauts are subject to consistent stress. This study analyzed the temporal changes in the skin fungal microbiota of 10 astronauts using pyrosequencing and quantitative PCR assay before, during, and after their stay in the ISS. Lipophilic skin fungi, Malassezia predominated most samples regardless of the collection period, body site (cheek or chest), or subject...
March 2016: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26376224/molecular-evidence-that-the-opportunistic-fungal-pathogen-trichosporon-asahii-is-part-of-the-normal-fungal-microbiota-of-the-human-gut-based-on-rrna-genotyping
#16
Otomi Cho, Manami Matsukura, Takashi Sugita
The fungus Trichosporon asahii is distributed widely in the environment and is frequently isolated from clinical specimens. It can cause life-threatening disseminated infections, including breakthrough infection after the administration of candin antifungal drugs. However, the definitive infection route is still unclear. In this study, 43 T. asahii genotypes were detected in 72 fecal samples from healthy subjects. The rRNA genotypes of the species were determined using a culture-independent method. The genotypes of T...
October 2015: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26349239/-cellobiohydrolase-activity-in-the-digestive-tract-of-two-african-rodent-species-the-african-grass-rat-arvicanthis-niloticus-and-vlei-rat-otomys-helleri
#17
A Al Varshavskiy, A A Varshavskiy
Cellobiohydrolase activity (CBHA) of endosymbionts in the digestive tract of two African rodent species differing in its morphology and in feeding specialization--Arvicanthis niloticus and Otomys helleri--has been studied as a characteristic of their physiological and ecological adaptation to phytophagy A statistically significant correlation of CBHA with obesity has been revealed in A. niloticus, with the CBHA level being significantly higher in corpus ceci than in ampulla ceci. The possible morphophysiological and ecological significance of the observed features of symbiotic digestion are discussed...
May 2015: Izvestiia Akademii Nauk. Seriia Biologicheskaia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26129888/temporal-changes-in-the-skin-malassezia-microbiota-of-members-of-the-japanese-antarctic-research-expedition-jare-a-case-study-in-antarctica-as-a-pseudo-space-environment
#18
Takashi Sugita, Takashi Yamazaki, Shin Yamada, Hajime Takeoka, Otomi Cho, Takafumi Tanaka, Giichiro Ohno, Kentaro Watanabe, Koichi Makimura, Hiroshi Ohshima, Noriaki Ishioka, Chiaki Mukai
The International Space Station (ISS) is located approximately 400 km above the Earth. Astronauts staying at the ISS are under microgravity and are thus unable to bathe or shower; instead, they wash their bodies using wet tissues. For astronauts, skin hygiene management is important to maintain the quality of life during long-term stays on the ISS. In Antarctica, members of a Japanese geological investigation team negotiate their way over land using snowmobiles. During their 3-month stay, they are subject to a "pseudo-space" environment similar to that experienced by ISS astronauts, including the inability to bathe or shower...
September 2015: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26104076/comparison-of-brain-tumor-contrast-enhancement-on-t1-cube-and-3d-spgr-images
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Mungunkhuyag Majigsuren, Takashi Abe, Teruyoshi Kageji, Kenji Matsuzaki, Mayumi Takeuchi, Seiji Iwamoto, Yoichi Otomi, Naoto Uyama, Shinji Nagahiro, Masafumi Harada
PURPOSE: T1-Cube (GE HealthCare) is a relatively new 3-dimensional (3D) fast spin-echo (FSE)-based magnetic resonance (MR) imaging sequence that uses a variable flip angle to acquire gap-free volume scans. We compared the gadolinium enhancement characteristics of a heterogeneous population of brain tumors imaged by T1-Cube and then 3D fast spoiled gradient recall acquisition in steady state (3D FSPGR) 3-tesla MR imaging to identify the superior modality for specific diagnostic purposes...
2016: Magnetic Resonance in Medical Sciences: MRMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26104074/clinical-significance-of-discrepancy-between-arterial-spin-labeling-images-and-contrast-enhanced-images-in-the-diagnosis-of-brain-tumors
#20
Takashi Abe, Yoshifumi Mizobuchi, Wataru Sako, Saho Irahara, Yoichi Otomi, Yuki Obama, Kohei Nakajima, Delgerdalai Khashbat, Mungunkhuyag Majigsuren, Teruyoshi Kageji, Shinji Nagahiro, Masafumi Harada
PURPOSE: In the imaging of intra-axial brain tumors, we sometimes found areas of high signal intensity around the enhanced tumor lesions on arterial spin labeling (ASL) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. We undertook this study to investigate the relationship between high signal intensity on ASL imaging outside the area of contrast enhancement (CE) and histological diagnosis of intra-axial brain tumors. METHODS: We examined images from 28 consecutive patients with intra-axial brain tumors who underwent ASL and CE MR imaging-three with low grade glioma (LGG), 13 with high grade glioma (HGG), six with metastasis, and six with primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL)-and divided imaging findings into an "ASL dominant" group when hyperintensity on ASL was found outside the CE area and a "CE dominant" group when hyperintensity on ASL was not found outside the area of enhancement...
2015: Magnetic Resonance in Medical Sciences: MRMS
keyword
keyword
21909
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"