keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Feet

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684886/the-effects-of-three-quarter-and-full-length-foot-orthoses-on-knee-mechanics-in-healthy-subjects-and-patellofemoral-pain-patients-when-walking-and-descending-stairs
#1
J Burston, J Richards, J Selfe
BACKGROUND: An increased load of the patellofemoral joint is often attributed to foot function in patients with patellofemoral pain. Foot orthoses are commonly prescribed for this condition; however the mechanisms by which they work are poorly understood. The aim of this study was to investigate the kinematics and kinetics of the knee between patellofemoral pain patients and a group of healthy subjects when using a standardised foot orthosis prescription during walking and step descent...
April 17, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683406/influence-of-anxiety-and-alexithymia-on-brain-activations-associated-with-the-perception-of-others-pain-in-autism
#2
Amandine Lassalle, Nicole R Zürcher, Carlo A Porro, Francesca Benuzzi, Loyse Hippolyte, Eric Lemonnier, Jakob Åsberg Johnels, Nouchine Hadjikhani
The circumstances under which empathy is altered in ASD remain unclear, as previous studies did not systematically find differences in brain activation between ASD and controls in empathy-eliciting paradigms, and did not always monitor whether differences were primarily due to ASD "per se", or to conditions overlapping with ASD, such as alexithymia and anxiety. Here, we collected fMRI data from 47 participants (22 ASD) viewing pictures depicting hands and feet of unknown others in painful, disgusting, or neutral situations...
April 23, 2018: Social Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682982/resection-of-medial-talocalcaneal-coalition-with-interposition-of-a-pediculated-flap-of-tibialis-posterior-tendon-sheath
#3
Jan Hubert, Thelonius Hawellek, Frank Timo Beil, Dominik Saul, Jens Henning Kling, Christoph Viebahn, Oliver Jungesblut, Ralf Stücker, Martin Rupprecht
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to present a novel operative technique in the management of medial talocalcaneal coalition (TC) and to report our clinical and radiologic results after interposition of a pediculated flap (PF) of the tibialis posterior tendon sheath. METHODS: Twelve feet of 10 patients with a medial TC were treated with the interposition of PF of the tibialis posterior tendon sheath following resection. Pre- and postoperative clinical examinations were performed to evaluate the range of motion and the function of the tibialis posterior muscle of the affected foot...
April 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682761/in-vitro-hemodynamic-evaluation-of-ecg-synchronized-pulsatile-flow-using-i-cor-pump-as-short-term-cardiac-assist-device-for-neonatal-and-pediatric-population
#4
Madison Force, Morgan Moroi, Shigang Wang, Allen R Kunselman, Akif Ündar
The objective of this study was to assess the hemodynamic properties of the i-cor ECG-synchronized cardiac assist system for off-label use as a short-term cardiac assist device for neonatal and pediatric patients and compare nonpulsatile to pulsatile flow with different amplitudes. The circuit consisted of the i-cor diagonal pump with 3 feet of ¼ inch arterial and venous tubing and a soft-shell reservoir, primed with lactated Ringer's solution and human packed red blood cells (hematocrit 42%). Trials were conducted with three different sets of cannulas (8-Fr arterial 10-Fr venous, 10-Fr arterial 12 Fr-venous, and 12-Fr arterial 14-Fr venous) with increasing flow rates at varying pseudo-patient pressures (40, 60, 80, and 100 mm Hg) and under nonpulsatile mode and pulsatile mode with pulsatile amplitudes 2000, 2500, and 3000 rpm at 36°C...
April 22, 2018: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682525/blood-brain-barrier-damage-as-the-starting-point-of-leukoaraiosis-caused-by-cerebral-chronic-hypoperfusion-and-its-involved-mechanisms-effect-of-agrin-and-aquaporin-4
#5
Jing Huang, Junwen Li, Chao Feng, Xi Huang, Liping Wong, Xueyuan Liu, Zhiyu Nie, Gangming Xi
White matter lesion (WML) is popular in the patients aged over 65. Brain edema and blood-brain barrier (BBB) dysfunction due to cerebral chronic hypoperfusion (CCH) contributed to WML. Preserving astrocyte polarity is vital for BBB integrity. In our experiment, CCH model is established by bilateral carotid arteries occlusion (2VO). Leukoaraiosis was verified by fiber density stain, and brain edema was evaluated using brain water content measuring. The expressions of agrin and aquaporin-4 (AQP4) were evaluated, as well as the integrity of BBB...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682429/when-why-and-how-foot-orthoses-fos-should-be-prescribed-for-children-with-flexible-pes-planus-a-delphi-survey-of-podiatrists
#6
Sindhrani Dars, Hayley Uden, Saravana Kumar, Helen A Banwell
Background: Flexible pes planus (flat feet) in children is a common reason parents and caregivers seek health professionals consult and a frequent reason podiatrists prescribe foot orthoses. Yet no universal agreement exists on the diagnosis of this condition, or when and how foot orthoses should be prescribed. The aim of this study was to garner consensus and agreement among podiatrists on the use of FOs for paediatric flexible pes planus. Methods: A three round Delphi consensus survey was undertaken with 15 podiatry experts from Australia, New Zealand and the United Kingdom...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681436/compatibility-of-lauge-hansen-classification-between-plain-radiographs-and-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-ankle-fractures
#7
Haluk Çabuk, Filiz Çelebi, Yunus İmren, Süleyman Semih Dedeoğlu, Mustafa Çağlar Kır, Abdullah Faruk Uyanık, Hakan Gürbüz
We evaluated the accuracy of the predictive injury sequences of the Lauge-Hansen (L-H) classification using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with ankle fractures and determined the possible causes of mismatch. Sixty-five patients with ankle fractures who had a complete series of anteroposterior, lateral, and oblique radiographs and ankle MRI studies available were included. The fracture pattern was assigned by 2 senior orthopedic surgeons according to the L-H classification system. The syndesmotic ligaments, lateral collateral ligaments, and medial deltoid complex ligaments were evaluated on the preoperative MRI scans...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681086/a-novel-homozygous-mutation-in-the-slco2a1-gene-causing-pachydermoperiostosis-efficacy-of-hydroxychloroquine-treatment
#8
Annalisa Alessandrella, Roberto Della Casa, Maria Alessio, Jorge Puente Prieto, Pietro Strisciuglio, Daniela Melis
Pachydermoperiostosis (PDP), otherwise known as primary hypertrophic osteoarthropathy, is characterized by digital clubbing, pachydermia and subperiosteal new bone formation. Joint pain, polyarthritis, cutis verticis gyrata, seborrhea, and hyperhidrosis are frequently associated to this condition. We report a 17-year-old boy presented with pain and swelling of knees and ankles, and progressive thickening of skin face with seborrhea from about 4 years. At the admission he also showed digital clubbing of both hands and feet and palmoplantar hyperhidrosis...
May 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681015/cold-therapy-to-prevent-paclitaxel-induced-peripheral-neuropathy
#9
Claire Griffiths, Nancy Kwon, Jennifer L Beaumont, Judith A Paice
PURPOSE: This case-control study was designed to assess the efficacy of cryotherapy to prevent paclitaxel-induced painful peripheral neuropathy in women with breast cancer. METHODS: Participants served as their own paired control, with randomization of the cooled glove/sock to either the dominant or the non-dominant hand/foot, worn for 15 min prior to, during, and 15 min after completion of the paclitaxel infusion. Outcome measures included the Neuropathic Pain Symptom Inventory, the Brief Pain Inventory, and quantitative sensory testing...
April 21, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680494/femur-loading-in-feet-first-fall-experiments-using-an-anthropomorphic-test-device
#10
Angela Thompson, Gina Bertocci, Craig Smalley
BACKGROUND: Femur fractures are a common orthopedic injury in young children. Falls account for a large portion of accidental femur fractures in young children, but there is also a high prevalence of femur fractures in child abuse, with falls often provided as false histories. Objective information regarding fracture potential in short distance fall scenarios may aid in assessing whether a child's injuries are the result of abuse or an accidental fall. Knowledge of femur loading is the first step towards understanding likelihood of fracture in a fall...
March 31, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680401/farm-level-risk-factors-for-bovine-digital-dermatitis-in-taranaki-new-zealand-an-analysis-using-a-bayesian-hurdle-model
#11
D A Yang, R A Laven, C Heuer, W D Vink, R N Chesterton
As part of a cross-sectional study of bovine digital dermatitis (BDD) in 60,455 cows across 224 herds, in Taranaki, a region of the North Island of New Zealand, from September 2014 to February 2015, questionnaires from 114 farms were analysed to identify the key management practices which affect the probability of a farm being affected by BDD and the prevalence of an individual cow being affected on affected farms. The data from the questionnaires were analysed using a Bayesian hurdle model. Two factors were identified as being associated with farm level infection status: (1) milking parlour type; farms which had rotary platforms were more likely to be recorded as having BDD than those which had herringbone parlours (odds ratio, OR, 3...
April 2018: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676167/validation-of-a-new-device-for-measuring-isolated-gastrocnemius-contracture-and-evaluation-of-the-reliability-of-the-silfverski%C3%A3-ld-test
#12
Marius Molund, Elisabeth Ellingsen Husebye, Fredrik Nilsen, Jan Hellesnes, Gøran Berdal, Kjetil Harald Hvaal
BACKGROUND: Important aspects on the diagnostics of isolated gastrocnemius contractures (IGCs) have been poorly described. This study was designed to validate a new ankle range of motion (ROM) measuring device for diagnosing an IGC. In addition, we wanted to investigate the reliability of the clinical Silfverskiöld test. METHODS: Twelve health care personnel (24 feet) were examined by 4 testers on 3 different occasions for the reliability testing of the new ankle ROM measuring device...
April 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675943/relationship-of-anxiety-with-joint-pain-and-its-management-a-population-survey
#13
Lauren A Barnett, Mark G Pritchard, John J Edwards, Ebenezer K Afolabi, Kelvin P Jordan, Emma L Healey, Andrew G Finney, Carolyn A Chew-Graham, Christian D Mallen, Krysia S Dziedzic
OBJECTIVES: The aims of the present study was to examine the associations between the severity of pain and anxiety in a community population reporting joint pain, and to investigate the management of joint pain in the presence of comorbid anxiety. METHODS: A population survey was carried out of people aged ≥45 years, registered with eight general practices in Cheshire, Shropshire and Staffordshire, UK. Respondents were asked to report pain intensity in their hands, hips, knees and feet (on a numerical rating scale), anxiety symptoms (Generalized Anxiety Disorder seven-item [GAD-7] scale) and guideline-recommended treatments used to manage pain...
April 20, 2018: Musculoskeletal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674653/pedobarographic-analysis-following-ponseti-treatment-for-unilateral-neglected-congenital-clubfoot
#14
Chao Xu, Jie Wei, Ya-Bo Yan, Lei Shang, Xiao-Jiang Yang, Lu-Yu Huang, Wei Lei
Recent trends have led to an interest in Ponseti treatment for correcting neglected congenital clubfoot. Although good clinical and functional outcomes have been reported, the plantar pressure distribution after the treatment of neglected clubfoot has not been explored yet. The present study aimed to investigate whether plantar pressures normalized following Ponseti treatment in patients with neglected congenital clubfoot. Pedobarographic, clinical, and functional examinations were performed in 22 children (aged, 91...
April 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674285/evaluation-of-muscle-strength-balance-and-functionality-of-individuals-with-type-2-charcot-marie-tooth-disease
#15
Iandra Maria Pinheiro de França Costa, Paula Santos Nunes, Eduardo Luis de Aquino Neves, Lidiane Carine Lima Santos Barreto, Catarina Andrade Garcez, Cynthia Coelho Souza, Paulo Márcio Pereira Oliveira, Luiz Augusto Sales Ferreira, Viviane Nascimento Brandão Lima, Adriano Antunes de Souza Araújo
BACKGROUND: Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease is part of a group of genetically determined neuropathies. The intrinsic muscles of the feet and legs are affected early in the disease, impacting balance and mobility. RESEARCH QUESTION: The purpose of this study was to evaluate individuals with type 2 Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease to understand how motor changes interfere in balance and function. METHODS: The sample comprised 15 individuals with CMT2 from the same family (CMT2G) and a control group (CG) of healthy individuals matched for age and gender...
April 5, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670797/recurrent-migratory-transient-bone-marrow-edema-of-the-knees-associated-with-low-vitamin-d-and-systemic-low-bone-mineral-density-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#16
Omar Alsaed, Mohammad Hammoudeh
Transient bone marrow edema (TBME) is a self-limiting disease characterized by joint pain with localized bone marrow edema by MRI and has been reported in many case series and case reports. It is well known that joints of the lower extremity including hips, knees, ankles, and feet are the classical sites for TBME. Many theories have been proposed for the pathogenesis of TBME. Systemic osteopenia and vitamin D deficiency is one of the theories that have been suggested in the last few years. In this case report, we present a middle-aged male patient, who presented with 4 attacks of TBME in both knees between September 2016 and August 2017...
2018: Case Reports in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668534/comparison-between-three-types-of-prosthetic-feet-a-randomized-double-blind-single-subject-multiple-rater-trial
#17
Helena Burger, Gaj Vidmar, Branko Zdovc, Dominik Erzar, Metka Zalar
There are many prosthetic feet (Pfeet) on the market, and those in the same category do not necessarily have the same properties. We assessed three different Pfeet in terms of gait patterns on various terrains, balance and walking speed in a randomized double-blind controlled single-subject multiple-rater clinical trial. The patient was a 43-year old man who was an active prosthesis user and was amputated at transtibial level because of injury 17 years ago. One Solid Ankle Cushion Heel and two Dynamic Elastic Response (DER) Pfeet were tried six times in random order...
April 17, 2018: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668474/craniosynostosis-acrocephalosyndactyly-apert-syndrome-diagnosed-in-a-newborn
#18
Orhideja Stomnaroska, Dragan Danilovski, Sanja Ivanovska
We report a 10 days old newborn with brachycephaly, midfacial hypoplasia, syndactyly and broad distal phalanx of thumb and big toe. At the 20th gestational weeks an enlargement of the left cerebral ventricle and malformation of the fingers of the hands and toes were noticed on a regular ultrasound examination. The aforementioned malformations were observed at birth and at the age of 11 months. The large fontal was closed; the small one was palpable at the tip of the finger. Brachycephaly was evident with high full forehead, flat occiput, and irregular craniosynostosis especially at the coronal suture...
December 1, 2017: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667031/the-prevalence-and-ossification-pattern-of-the-biphalangeal-and-triphalangeal-lateral-toes
#19
Marcin Ceynowa, Marek Rocławski, Rafał Pankowski, Tomasz Mazurek
PURPOSE: Biphalangealism of the toes is an exclusively human phenomenon. The aim of this study was to evaluate the development of the lateral toes in childhood by following the ossification pattern of the phalanges. METHODS: Foot radiographs of 913 adults have been evaluated for biphalangealism of 3rd to 5th toe. The pediatric group, aged 6-15 years of age, was assessed for the number of ossification centers in the foot. RESULTS: In adults, the mean prevalence of biphalangealism in the 5th toe was 41...
April 17, 2018: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665816/selective-localization-of-igg-from-cerebrospinal-fluid-to-brain-parenchyma
#20
Marlene Thorsen Mørch, Sofie Forsberg Sørensen, Reza Khorooshi, Nasrin Asgari, Trevor Owens
BACKGROUND: Encounter of autoantibodies with specific antigens can lead to hypersensitivity reactions and pathology. In multiple sclerosis and neuromyelitis optica spectrum disease (NMOSD), immunoglobulin-G (IgG) deposition has been observed in pathological lesions in the central nervous system. The paradigmatic autoantibodies in NMOSD are specific for the water channel aquaporin-4, localized to astrocytic end-feet at the blood-brain barrier and ependymal cells at the cerebrospinal fluid-brain barrier...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Neuroinflammation
keyword
keyword
21907
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"