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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817555/notes-from-the-field-death-of-a-farm-worker-after-exposure-to-manure-gas-in-an-open-air-environment-wisconsin-august-2016
#1
John M Shutske, Rebecca A Larson, Daniel M Schaefer, Liz Y Binversie, Scott Rifleman, Cheryl Skjolaas
On August 15, 2016, at approximately 6:30 a.m., a previously healthy male employee of a Wisconsin beef farm was found dead near the edge of an outdoor 60,400 square foot (1.4 acre) manure storage basin (Figure). The basin was approximately 15 feet (4.6 meters) deep and nearly full. The victim, aged 29 years, was discovered by another worker; the coroner was notified at 6:50 a.m., and he pronounced the victim dead at the scene. Thirteen dead cattle were discovered in an adjoining pen; three others were struggling to stand and were euthanized...
August 18, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815843/ilizarov-technique-and-limited-surgical-methods-for-correction-of-post-traumatic-talipes-equinovarus-in-children
#2
Xiao Jian Wang, Feng Chang, Yunxing Su, Bin Chen, Jie-Fu Song, Xiao-Chun Wei, Lei Wei
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of using Ilizarov invasive distraction technique combined with limited surgical operations in the treatment of post-traumatic talipes equinovarus in children. METHODS: Eighteen cases of post-traumatic deformed feet in 15 patients who received the treatment of Ilizarov frame application, limited soft-tissue release or osteotomy were selected in this study. After removal of the frame, an ankle-foot orthosis was used continuously for another 6-12 months...
August 16, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815825/the-prevalence-and-specific-characteristics-of-hospitalised-pressure-ulcer-patients-a-multicentre-cross-sectional-study
#3
Qing Zhou, Ting Yu, Yuan Liu, Ruifen Shi, Suping Tian, Chaoxia Yang, Huaxiu Gan, Yanying Zhu, Xia Liang, Ling Wang, Zhenhua Wu, Jinping Huang, Ailing Hu
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to ascertain the pressure ulcer prevalence in secondary and tertiary general hospitals in different areas of Guangdong Province in China and explore the possible risk factors that are related to pressure ulcers. BACKGROUND: Few multicentre studies have been conducted on pressure ulcer prevalence in Chinese hospitals. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study design was used. METHODS: Data from a total of 25,264 patients were included in the analysis at 25 hospitals in China...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814975/the-typically-developing-paediatric-foot-how-flat-should-it-be-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Hayley Uden, Rolf Scharfbillig, Ryan Causby
BACKGROUND: All typically developing children are born with flexible flat feet, progressively developing a medial longitudinal arch during the first decade of their lives. Whilst the child's foot is expected to be flat, there is currently no consensus as to how flat this foot should be. Furthermore, whilst feet are observed to decrease in flatness with increasing age, it is not known how flat they should be at each age increment. The objective of this systematic review is to define the postural characteristics of the 'typically' developing paediatric foot...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813995/a-novel-human-effort-estimation-method-for-knee-assistive-exoskeletons
#5
Lorenzo Saccares, Anais Brygo, Ioannis Sarakoglou, Nikos G Tsagarakis
In this work we present a novel method to estimate online the torques at the knee joints with the goal to generate reference signals for knee assistive devices. One of the main advantages of the proposed approach is its reduced sensing requirements, which leads to an ergonomic setup with minimal instrumentation, especially above the knee and of the upper body. Indeed, only the measurement of the forces and torques exchanged between the ground and the user's feet, the posture of the shanks, and the model of the user's shank itself are needed for the estimation of the knee torque...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813971/feasibility-study-of-transtibial-amputee-walking-using-a-powered-prosthetic-foot
#6
Martin Grimmer, Matthew Holgate, Jeffrey Ward, Alexander Boehler, Andre Seyfarth
Passive prosthetic feet are not able to provide non-amputee kinematics and kinetics for the ankle joint. Persons with amputations show reduced interlimb symmetry, slower walking speeds, and increased walking effort. To improve ankle range of motion and push off, various powered prosthetic feet were introduced. This feasibility study analyzed if predefined motor reference trajectories can be used to achieve non-amputee ankle biomechanics during walking with the powered prosthetic foot, Walk-Run Ankle. Trajectories were calculated using the desired ankle angle and ankle moment based spring deflection at a given spring stiffness...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813921/effect-on-the-classification-of-motor-imagery-in-eeg-after-applying-anodal-tdcs-with-a-4%C3%A3-1-ring-montage-over-the-motor-cortex
#7
I N Angulo-Sherman, M Rodriguez-Ugarte, E Ianez, M Ortiz, J M Azorin
Transcranial direct stimulation (tDCS) is a technique for modulating brain excitability that has potential to be used in motor neurorehabilitation by enhancing motor activity, such as motor imagery (MI). tDCS effects depend on different factors, like current density and the position of the stimulating electrodes. This study presents preliminary results of the evaluation of the effect of current density on MI performance by measuring right-hand/feet MI accuracy of classification from electroencephalographic (EEG) measurements after anodal tDCS is applied with a 4×1 ring montage over the right-hand or feet motor cortex...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813828/active-lower-limb-orthosis-with-one-degree-of-freedom-for-people-with-paraplegia
#8
Michal Gloger, Goro Obinata, Eiichi Genda, Jan Babjak, Yanling Pei
The main challenges of designing devices for paraplegic walking can be summarized into three groups, stability and comfort, high efficiency or low energy consumption, dimensions and weight. A new economical device for people with paraplegia which tackles all problems of the three groups is introduced in this paper. The main idea of this device is based on HALO mechanism. HALO is compact passive medial hip joint orthosis with contralateral hip and ankle linkage, which keeps the feet always parallel to the ground and assists swinging the leg...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813231/time-frequency-cross-mutual-information-analysis-of-the-brain-functional-networks-underlying-multiclass-motor-imagery
#9
Anmin Gong, Jianping Liu, Si Chen, Yunfa Fu
To study the physiologic mechanism of the brain during different motor imagery (MI) tasks, the authors employed a method of brain-network modeling based on time-frequency cross mutual information obtained from 4-class (left hand, right hand, feet, and tongue) MI tasks recorded as brain-computer interface (BCI) electroencephalography data. The authors explored the brain network revealed by these MI tasks using statistical analysis and the analysis of topologic characteristics, and observed significant differences in the reaction level, reaction time, and activated target during 4-class MI tasks...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Motor Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811905/surgical-sympathectomy-for-buerger-s-disease
#10
REVIEW
Daniel G Cacione, Daniel H Moreno, Luis Cu Nakano, José Cc Baptista-Silva
Buerger's disease is characterized by recurring progressive inflammation and occlusions in small and medium arteries and veins of the limbs. Its cause is unknown, but it is most common in young men with a history of tobacco use. It is responsible for ischemic ulcers and extreme pain in the hands and feet. In many cases, notably in patients with the most severe presentations, there is no possibility of improving the condition with surgery (limb revascularisation), and therefore, alternative therapies (e.g. sympathectomy) is used...
August 2017: JRSM Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811814/apert-syndrome-report-of-a-rare-congenital-malformation
#11
Ehsan Rathore, Altaf Hussain Rathore
A rare case of an adult male with malformation of the skull, face, hands and feet called acrocephalosyndactly or Apert syndrome is presented. Its probable cause, features and treatment is discussed. It is a unique case who survived upto the age of 32 years without any operative intervention and adjusted in the society though he has all the stigmas of the above syndrome. We have concluded and made a point that in the adult sufferer, facial deformity is not so important and urgent for the treatment than syndactyly, which handicaps the sufferer in performing the daily routine work...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810998/delayed-diagnosis-of-acromegaly-in-the-context-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-due-to-symptoms-mimicking-known-psychotropic-medication-side-effects
#12
Ray-Bernard Portier, Afshin Afarin, Sara Pope
BACKGROUND: Acromegaly is caused by elevated secretion of human growth hormone, which is frequently because of intracranial tumors. This diagnosis is fairly uncommon with an incidence of 3 to 4 cases per million patients per year. We are presenting a case of acromegaly diagnosed in an active duty Chief Petty Officer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 38-year-old male Chief Petty Officer with no previous mental health diagnosis experienced post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)-like symptoms in early 2012 after deploying to Iraq and Afghanistan from 2010 to 2011...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809993/adalimumab-in-chronic-plaque-psoriasis-a-clinical-guide
#13
Jashin J Wu, W C Valdecantos
<p>Psoriasis is a common, inflammatory disease that manifests itself as lesions on the skin, which greatly impacts the physical and psychological wellbeing of those affected. The current goal of treatment in psoriasis is to improve the signs and symptoms of disease, whilst minimizing the burden of disease on patient health-related quality of life. Psoriasis can also be associated with other comorbidities such as joint disease, cardiovascular disease, and depression, which can add to the complexity of treatment...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808739/an-intracortical-chondromyxoid-fibroma-in-the-diaphysis-of-the-metatarsal
#14
Ji Sung Han, Euddeum Shim, Baek Hyun Kim, Jung-Woo Choi
Chondromyxoid fibromas (CMFs) are rare, benign, primary tumors of bones, and occur in the metaphyses of the medullary canals of the long bones. The occurrence of intracortical CMFs is extremely rare. Very few cases of intracortical CMFs located in the long tubular bones have been reported to date. Moreover, even though the feet are the second most common site for CMF (after the knees), intracortical metatarsal CMF has not been reported previously, to our knowledge. We report an intracortical CMF occurring in the diaphysis of the metatarsal in a 17-year-old man...
August 15, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808583/successful-spinal-cord-stimulation-for-neuropathic-below-level-spinal-cord-injury-pain-following-complete-paraplegia-a-case-report
#15
Tim A Reck, Gunther Landmann
INTRODUCTION: Neuropathic pain is common in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) and often difficult to treat. We report a case where epidural spinal cord stimulation (SCS) below the level of injury has been successfully applied in a patient with a complete spinal cord lesion. CASE PRESENTATION: A 53-year-old female presented with neuropathic below-level SCI pain of both lower legs and feet due to complete SCI below T5. Time and pain duration since injury was 2 years...
2017: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808444/association-of-sudoscan-values-with-vibration-perception-threshold-in-chinese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#16
Xiaoming Zhu, Fei Mao, Siying Liu, Hangping Zheng, Bin Lu, Yiming Li
AIMS/INTRODUCTION: SUDOSCAN has been proved to be an efficient method in detecting diabetic microvascular complications. In this study, we determine to detect the possible relationship between vibration perception threshold (VPT) and cardiac autonomic neuropathy (CAN) values produced by SUDOSCAN. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 920 Chinese patients with T2DM were enrolled in the study. Spearman correlation analysis and multivariate regression analysis were performed to determine the relation between CAN and VPT values...
2017: International Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808276/growing-up-habitually-barefoot-influences-the-development-of-foot-and-arch-morphology-in-children-and-adolescents
#17
Karsten Hollander, Johanna Elsabe de Villiers, Susanne Sehner, Karl Wegscheider, Klaus-Michael Braumann, Ranel Venter, Astrid Zech
The development of the human foot is crucial for motor learning in children and adolescents as it ensures the basic requirements for bipedal locomotion and stable standing. Although there is an ongoing debate of the advantages and disadvantages of early and permanent footwear use, the influence of regular barefootness on foot characteristics in different stages of child development has not been extensively evaluated. A multicenter epidemiological study was conducted to compare the foot morphology between habitually barefoot children and adolescents (N = 810) to age-, sex- and ethnicity-matched counterparts that are used to wearing shoes...
August 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808192/classification-of-facial-wrinkles-among-chinese-women
#18
Jiechen Zhang, Wei Hou, Suying Feng, Xiangsheng Chen, Hongwei Wang
It is generally recognized that Caucasians and Asians have different skin aging features. The aim of this study was to develop a facial wrinkle grading scale for Chinese women. Standard photographs were taken of 242 Chinese women. Six sets of 0 to 9 wrinkle scales with reference photographs and descriptions were selected, including grading scales for resting and hyperkinetic crow's feet, frontalis lines, glabellar frown lines, and nasolabial folds. To identify the scale by objective quantitative measurement, skin surface measurements from the Visioscan(®) VC98 were used...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807431/a-prospective-analysis-of-injury-rates-patterns-and-causes-in-cliff-and-splash-diving
#19
Lukas Ernstbrunner, Armin Runer, Paul Siegert, Matthäus Ernstbrunner, Johannes Becker, Thomas Freude, Herbert Resch, Philipp Moroder
INTRODUCTION: Information about injuries and its differences in Cliff Diving (CD) and Splash Diving (SD) are unknown. It was the aim to analyse (1) injury rates, patterns and causes; (2) differences (in injuries) between both disciplines; and to (3) identify targets for future injury prevention interventions. METHODS: From April to November 2013, 81 cliff and 51 splash divers were prospectively surveyed with an encrypted, monthly e-mail-based questionnaire. RESULTS: During a total of 7857h diving with an average diving height of 13 (±7)m, an overall injury rate of 7...
August 5, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805531/fabrication-and-characterization-of-the-porous-duck-s-feet-collagen-sponge-for-wound-healing-applications
#20
Md Tipu Sultan, Ju Yeon Jeong, Ye Bin Seo, Ok Joo Lee, Hyung Woo Ju, Hyun Jung Park, Young Jin Lee, Ji Seung Lee, Soon Hee Kim, Chan Hum Park
There are several artificial dermis commonly use to cover the wound and promote healing. The major goal of wound management is fast and scarless healing. However, there is no ideal skin substitute, that is effective to accelerate wound healing without scar formation. Artificial dermis substitute also has some drawbacks, such as high cost, insufficient available period and donor pathogen infection. To overcome these problems, we developed duck's feet collagen (DFC) sponge as artificial dermal substitutes for the treatment of full-thickness skin defects...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
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