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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225742/review-of-military-and-civilian-trauma-registries-does-consensus-matter
#1
Thijs T C F van Dongen, Johan de Graaf, Eelco P Huizinga, Howard R Champion, Rigo Hoencamp, Luke P H Leenen
BACKGROUND: Structural collection of data from combat injuries is important to improve provided care and the outcome of (combat) casualties. Trauma registries are used in civilian and military health care systems for systematic administration of injury data. However, these registries often use different methods of data management, compromising international comparison of trauma systems. The aim of this review is to aid in reaching international (coalition-wide) consensus for compatible data collection methods with uniform definitions, which is needed for transnational research and subsequent improvement of medical support organizations...
March 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221076/lorraine-williams-greene-1950-2016
#2
Guy Seymour, Adrienne Bradford
Presents an obituary for Lorraine Williams Greene who died on February 25, 2016. Lorraine started her professional career as a school psychologist for the Atlanta Public Schools. For the rest of her life, she was involved in her community through her church, her sorority, the Coalition of One Hundred Black Women, and other national and local service organizations. Within the American Psychological Association (APA), Lorraine was active in Division 18, Psychologists in Public Service, first as Chair of the Police and Public Safety Section, then as the division's representative to APA Council, and, in 2016, as President-elect of the Division...
February 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218012/reference-values-for-pulmonary-diffusing-capacity-for-adult-native-finns
#3
Annette Kainu, Jyri Toikka, Esko Vanninen, Kirsi L Timonen
Measurement standards for pulmonary diffusing capacity were updated in 2005 by the ATS/ERS Task Force. However, in Finland reference values published in 1982 by Viljanen et al. have been used to date. The main aim of this study was to produce updated reference models for single-breath diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide for Finnish adults. Single-breath diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide was measured in 631 healthy non-smoking volunteers (41.5% male). Reference values for diffusing capacity (DLCO), alveolar volume (VA), diffusing capacity per unit of lung volume (DLCO/VA), and lung volumes were calculated using a linear regression model...
April 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216994/the-obesity-prevention-initiative-a-statewide-effort-to-improve-child-health-in-wisconsin
#4
Alexandra K Adams, Brian Christens, Amy Meinen, Amy Korth, Patrick L Remington, Sara Lindberg, Dale Schoeller
BACKGROUND/SIGNIFICANCE: Obesity rates have increased dramatically, especially among children and disadvantaged populations. Obesity is a complex issue, creating a compelling need for prevention efforts in communities to move from single isolated programs to comprehensive multisystem interventions. To address these issues, we have established a childhood Obesity Prevention Initiative (Initiative) for Wisconsin. This Initiative seeks to test community change frameworks that can support multisystem interventions and provide data for local action as a means for influencing policies, systems, and environments that support individuals' healthy eating and physical activity...
November 2016: WMJ: Official Publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209609/pancreatic-cancer-progress-and-challenges-in-a-rapidly-moving-field
#5
Eric A Collisson, Kenneth P Olive
"Pancreatic Cancer: Advances in Science and Clinical Care," a Special Conference of the American Association for Cancer Research, was held in Orlando, FL, on May 12 to 15, bringing together more than 450 basic, translational, clinical, and epidemiologic pancreatic cancer researchers as well as pancreatic cancer patients, survivors, and advocates. Pancreatic cancer remains one of the great challenges in medicine, but the accelerating pace of research and early hints of clinical successes to come were palpable throughout the meeting...
February 16, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185726/comparison-of-transportal-and-outside-in-techniques-for-posterolateral-femoral-tunnel-drilling-in-double-bundle-acl-reconstruction-three-dimensional-ct-analysis-of-bone-tunnel-geometry
#6
Shunichiro Kambara, Hiroshi Nakayama, Motoi Yamaguchi, Akio Matsumoto, Ken Sasaki, Kaori Kashiwa, Tomoya Iseki, Shinichi Yoshiya
PURPOSE: To comparatively analyze the geometry of the posterolateral femoral (PL) tunnel in double-bundle ACL reconstruction between far anteromedial transportal (TP) and outside-in (OI) drilling techniques based on three-dimensional computed tomography (3DCT) image analysis. METHODS: Forty patients who underwent anatomic double-bundle hamstring ACL reconstruction using the TP (n: 20) or OI (n: 20) method with postoperative CT data available were included in the study...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177525/the-future-role-of-geriatrics-building-local-coalitions-to-demonstrate-value
#7
Christopher M Callahan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165681/why-a-trash-strewn-lot-became-a-soccer-field
#8
Michael Romano
Five years ago, a coalition of community groups, government agencies and nonprofit organizations was struggling to reduce violent behavior and delinquency among under- privileged youths in a low-income suburban neighborhood about 15 miles north of Tacoma, Washington.
July 2016: Health Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161674/advocacy-coalitions-involved-in-california-s-menu-labeling-policy-debate-exploring-coalition-structure-policy-beliefs-resources-and-strategies
#9
Denise D Payán, LaVonna B Lewis, Michael R Cousineau, Michael B Nichol
Advocacy coalitions often play an important role in the state health policymaking process, yet little is known about their structure, composition, and behavior. In 2008, California became the first state to enact a menu labeling law. Using the advocacy coalition framework, we examine different facets of the coalitions involved in California's menu labeling policy debate. We use a qualitative research approach to identify coalition members and explore their expressed beliefs and policy arguments, resources, and strategies by analyzing legislative documents (n = 87) and newspaper articles (n = 78) produced between 1999 and 2009...
January 25, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161300/development-and-delivery-of-a-pharmacist-training-program-to-increase-naloxone-access-in-kentucky
#10
Emma Palmer, Steve Hart, Patricia R Freeman
OBJECTIVE: To describe the development and delivery of a comprehensive training program for Kentucky pharmacists to enable dispensation of naloxone per protocol. PRACTICE DESCRIPTION: In May 2015, the Kentucky Board of Pharmacy (KBP) promulgated regulations outlining the requirements for pharmacists to initiate the dispensing of naloxone under a physician-approved protocol. The Advancing Pharmacy Practice in Kentucky Coalition, a partnership between Kentucky's Colleges of Pharmacy, KBP, and state and local pharmacists associations, developed and offered educational programming to fulfill this regulation...
February 1, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154437/adaptation-and-implementation-of-a-science-based-prevention-system-in-colombia-challenges-and-achievements
#11
Augusto Pérez-Gómez, Juliana Mejía-Trujillo, Eric C Brown, Nicole Eisenberg
During the last 2 years, the Colombian government and the Nuevos Rumbos Corporation have been implementing an adapted version of the Communities That Care (CTC) prevention system, called Comunidades Que se Cuidan (CQC) in Spanish, for use in Colombia. This brief report presents the process of implementing CQC and identifies some of the main challenges and achievements of implementing the system in eight communities in Colombia. Preliminary results of a pilot study of CQC implementation in Colombia show that prevention system development, including a focus on measuring community risk and protection, can be established successfully in Latin American communities despite a lack of rigorously tested prevention programs and strategies...
May 2016: Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153060/how-to-choose-using-the-delphi-method-to-develop-consensus-triggers-and-indicators-for-disaster-response
#12
Rebecca Lis, Vicki Sakata, Onora Lien
OBJECTIVE: To identify key decisions along the continuum of care (conventional, contingency, and crisis) and the critical triggers and data elements used to inform those decisions concerning public health and health care response during an emergency. METHODS: A classic Delphi method, a consensus-building survey technique, was used with clinicians around Washington State to identify regional triggers and indicators. Additionally, using a modified Delphi method, we combined a workshop and single-round survey with panelists from public health (state and local) and health care coalitions to identify consensus state-level triggers and indicators...
February 3, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152652/the-effect-of-regional-politics-on-regional-life-expectancy-in-italy-1980-2010
#13
Marcel F Jonker, Edoardo D'Ippolito, Terje A Eikemo, Peter D Congdon, Nicola Nante, Johan P Mackenbach, Carlijn B M Kamphuis
BACKGROUND: The evidence on the association between politics and health is scarce considering the importance of this topic for population health. Studies that investigated the effect of different political regimes on health outcomes show inconsistent results. METHODS: Bayesian time-series cross-section analyses are used to examine the overall impact of regional politics on variations in Italian regional life expectancy (LE) at birth during the period 1980-2010. Our analyses control for trends in and unobserved determinants of regional LE, correct for temporal as well as spatial autocorrelation, and employ a flexible specification for the timing of the political effects...
February 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141891/can-mhc-assortative-partner-choice-promote-offspring-diversity-a-new-combination-of-mhc-dependent-behaviors-among-sexes-in-a-highly-successful-invasive-mammal
#14
Pablo S C Santos, Frank-Uwe Michler, Simone Sommer
Sexual selection involving genetically disassortative mate choice is one of several evolutionary processes that can maintain or enhance population genetic variability. Examples of reproductive systems in which choosers (generally females) select mates depending on their major histocompatibility complex (MHC) genes have been reported for several vertebrate species. Notably, the role of MHC-dependent choice in non-mating contexts, but in other kinds of social interactions such as in the establishment of complex social systems, has not yet drawn significant scientific interest and is virtually absent from the literature...
January 31, 2017: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130774/pre-exposure-prophylaxis-for-hiv-prevention-safety-concerns
#15
REVIEW
Raymond A Tetteh, Barbara A Yankey, Edmund T Nartey, Margaret Lartey, Hubert G M Leufkens, Alexander N O Dodoo
Available evidence supports the efficacy of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) in decreasing the incidence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection among high-risk individuals, especially when used in combination with other behavioural preventive methods. Safety concerns about PrEP present challenges in the implementation and use of PrEP. The aim of this review is to discuss safety concerns observed in completed clinical trials on the use of PrEP. We performed a literature search on PrEP in PubMed, global advocacy for HIV prevention (Aids Vaccine Advocacy Coalition) database, clinical trials registry " http://www...
January 28, 2017: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125930/from-coastal-to-global-the-transnational-flow-of-ayurveda-and-its-relevance-for-indo-african-linkages
#16
Caroline Meier Zu Biesen
Driven by long-standing ties with India, and intertwined with global market interests, a growing influx of materia medica from South Asia is currently emerging in East Africa. To compete at a global level and framed within the language of 'South-South cooperation for mutual benefit', India presents itself as an appropriate exporter of medical products suitable for African clientele. The expansion of India's medical sector into Africa is particularly relevant for Ayurvedic pharmaceuticals. Ayurveda's diaspora into Africa exemplifies the emergence of new health interventions and medical assemblages in a transnationally interconnected world and implies innovative coalitions involved in the complex promotion of local/Global Health industries...
January 26, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120796/incomplete-control-and-concessions-explain-mating-skew-in-male-chimpanzees
#17
Joel Bray, Anne E Pusey, Ian C Gilby
Sexual selection theory predicts that because male reproductive success in mammals is limited by access to females, males will attempt to defend access to mates and exclude rivals from mating. In mammals, dominance rank is correlated with male reproductive success; however, the highest-ranking (alpha) male rarely monopolizes reproduction completely. To explain why, incomplete control models propose that alpha males simply cannot control other males' access to mates. If true, then dominance rank should be a key factor influencing subordinate (non-alpha) male mating success...
November 16, 2016: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118384/multi-robot-coalitions-formation-with-deadlines-complexity-analysis-and-solutions
#18
Jose Guerrero, Gabriel Oliver, Oscar Valero
Multi-robot task allocation is one of the main problems to address in order to design a multi-robot system, very especially when robots form coalitions that must carry out tasks before a deadline. A lot of factors affect the performance of these systems and among them, this paper is focused on the physical interference effect, produced when two or more robots want to access the same point simultaneously. To our best knowledge, this paper presents the first formal description of multi-robot task allocation that includes a model of interference...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113883/coalition-formation-and-spectrum-sharing-of-cooperative-spectrum-sensing-participants
#19
Zhensheng Jiang, Wei Yuan, Henry Leung, Xinge You, Qi Zheng
In cognitive radio networks, self-interested secondary users (SUs) desire to maximize their own throughput. They compete with each other for transmit time once the absence of primary users (PUs) is detected. To satisfy the requirement of PU protection, on the other hand, they have to form some coalitions and cooperate to conduct spectrum sensing. Such dilemma of SUs between competition and cooperation motivates us to study two interesting issues: 1) how to appropriately form some coalitions for cooperative spectrum sensing (CSS) and 2) how to share transmit time among SUs...
March 22, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099073/cdc-s-delta-focus-program-identifying-promising-primary-prevention-strategies-for-intimate-partner-violence
#20
Theresa L Armstead, Kirsten Rambo, Megan Kearns, Kathryn M Jones, Jenny Dills, Pamela Brown
According to 2011 data, nearly one in four women and one in seven men in the United States experience severe physical violence by an intimate partner, creating a public health burden requiring population-level solutions. To prevent intimate partner violence (IPV) before it occurs, the CDC developed Domestic Violence Prevention Enhancements and Leadership Through Alliances, Focusing on Outcomes for Communities United with States to identify promising community- and societal-level prevention strategies to prevent IPV...
January 2017: Journal of Women's Health
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