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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099073/cdc-s-delta-focus-program-identifying-promising-primary-prevention-strategies-for-intimate-partner-violence
#1
Theresa L Armstead, Kirsten Rambo, Megan Kearns, Kathryn M Jones, Jenny Dills, Pamela Brown
According to 2011 data, nearly one in four women and one in seven men in the United States experience severe physical violence by an intimate partner, creating a public health burden requiring population-level solutions. To prevent intimate partner violence (IPV) before it occurs, the CDC developed Domestic Violence Prevention Enhancements and Leadership Through Alliances, Focusing on Outcomes for Communities United with States to identify promising community- and societal-level prevention strategies to prevent IPV...
January 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095592/a-practical-approach-to-address-uncertainty-in-stakeholder-deliberations
#2
Robin Gregory, Ralph L Keeney
This article addresses the difficulties of incorporating uncertainty about consequence estimates as part of stakeholder deliberations involving multiple alternatives. Although every prediction of future consequences necessarily involves uncertainty, a large gap exists between common practices for addressing uncertainty in stakeholder deliberations and the procedures of prescriptive decision-aiding models advanced by risk and decision analysts. We review the treatment of uncertainty at four main phases of the deliberative process: with experts asked to describe possible consequences of competing alternatives, with stakeholders who function both as individuals and as members of coalitions, with the stakeholder committee composed of all stakeholders, and with decisionmakers...
January 17, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094587/applying-theories-to-better-understand-socio-political-challenges-in-implementing-evidence-based-work-disability-prevention-strategies
#3
Christian Ståhl, Katia Costa-Black, Patrick Loisel
PURPOSE: This article explores and applies theories for analyzing socio-political aspects of implementation of work disability prevention (WDP) strategies. METHOD: For the analysis, theories from political science are explained and discussed in relation to case examples from three jurisdictions (Sweden, Brazil and Québec). RESULTS: Implementation of WDP strategies may be studied through a conceptual framework that targets: (1) the institutional system in which policy-makers and other stakeholders reside; (2) the ambiguity and conflicts regarding what to do and how to do it; (3) the bounded rationality, path dependency and social systems of different stakeholders; and (4) coalitions formed by different stakeholders and power relations between them...
January 17, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079644/functional-characteristics-of-health-coalitions-in-local-public-health-systems-exploring-the-function-of-county-health-councils-in-tennessee
#4
Priscilla Barnes, Paul Erwin, Ramal Moonesinghe, Ashley Brooks, Erik L Carlton, Bruce Behringer
CONTEXT: Partnerships are emerging as critically important vehicles for addressing health in local communities. Coalitions involving local health departments can be viewed as the embodiment of a local public health system. Although it is known that these networks are heavily involved in assessment and community planning activities, limited studies have evaluated whether health coalitions are functioning at an optimal capacity. OBJECTIVE: This study assesses the extent to which health coalitions met or exceeded expectations for building functional capacity within their respective networks...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077492/dystonia-treatment-patterns-of-medication-use-in-an-international-cohort
#5
Sarah Pirio Richardson, Ashley R Wegele, Betty Skipper, Amanda Deligtisch, H A Jinnah
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of medication use in patients with dystonia enrolled in an international biorepository study. METHODS: In a cross-sectional analysis, we included 2,026 participants enrolled at 37 sites in the United States, Canada, Europe, and Australia through Project 1 of the Dystonia Coalition, an international biorepository study. The primary aim was to assess the frequency of medication classes recommended for treating patients with dystonia, and the secondary aim was to compare characteristics (disease type, age, sex, duration of disease, comorbid conditions, severity)...
January 11, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073892/socioeconomic-and-ethnic-inequities-within-organised-colorectal-cancer-screening-programmes-worldwide
#6
C M de Klerk, S Gupta, E Dekker, M L Essink-Bot
OBJECTIVE: Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening programmes can reduce CRC mortality. However, the implementation of a screening programme may create or exacerbate socioeconomic and ethnic health inequities if participation varies by subgroup. We determined which organised programmes characterise participation inequities by socioeconomic and ethnic subgroups, and assessed the variation in subgroup participation among programmes collecting group-specific data. DESIGN: Employing a literature review and survey among leaders of national or regional screening programmes, this study identified published and unpublished data on participation by socioeconomic status and ethnicity...
January 10, 2017: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068732/-concept-for-a-national-implant-registry-to-improve-patient-safety
#7
L Prantl, U von Fritschen, J Liebau, J von Hassel, E M Baur, P M Vogt, R E Giunta, R E Horch
Since the introduction of silicone implants, several events have led to considerable uncertainty among the patients, public, and users. So far, however, the necessary steps to significantly improving patient safety have not been taken in any of these cases. Requiring stricter approvals for medical devices, improving monitoring by the regulatory authorities and the revision of the Medical Devices Directive are all initial steps in the right direction towards a change in policy, but are insufficient as an early warning system...
December 2016: Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049574/follow-up-care-of-cancer-survivors-challenges-and-solutions
#8
REVIEW
Linda A Jacobs, Lawrence N Shulman
Attention to survivors of adult cancers formally began more than 30 years ago with the founding of the National Coalition for Cancer Survivorship by representatives from 20 organisations who envisioned an organisation that would address survivorship issues and include friends, family, and caregivers. Since then, progress has been made in cancer care delivery, which has created challenges for and barriers to provision of optimal follow-up care to patients and survivors living with cancer as a chronic illness...
January 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033139/air-medical-administration-of-tranexamic-acid
#9
Brian Cornelius
Traumatic injury is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States. Massive hemorrhage is responsible for the vast majority of deaths. Evolution in trauma treatment has resulted in major improvements to emergency care. Tranexamic acid (TXA), an antifibrinolytic agent, is synthetically derived from amino acids. The CRASH-2 study demonstrated that the early administration of TXA results in significant decreases in morbidity and mortality. Experiences by coalition forces in Southwest Asia found a substantial increase in survival of trauma patients with early TXA administration...
January 2017: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032038/recurrent-missense-mutation-of-gdf5-p-r438l-causes-proximal-symphalangism-in-a-british-family
#10
Andreas Leonidou, Melita Irving, Simon Holden, Marcos Katchburian
Proximal symphalangism (SYM1B) (OMIM 615298) is an autosomal dominant developmental disorder affecting joint fusion. It is characterized by variable fusions of the proximal interphalangeal joints of the hands, typically of the ring and little finger, with the thumb typically being spared. SYM1 is frequently associated with coalition of tarsal bones and conductive hearing loss. Molecular studies have identified two possible genetic aetiologies for this syndrome, NOG and GDF5. We herein present a British caucasian family with SYM1B caused by a mutation of the GDF5 gene...
December 18, 2016: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031982/alzheimer-s-disease-patient-groups-derived-from-a-multivariate-analysis-of-cognitive-test-outcomes-in-the-coalition-against-major-diseases-dataset
#11
Inna Tishchenko, Carlos Riveros, Pablo Moscato
AIM: The mini-mental state examination, commonly used to measure cognitive impairment of Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients, consists of five test categories. The final score is calculated as their total sum, implying a loss of information. MATERIALS & METHODS: In this study, we propose a new multivariate approach to address this issue. RESULTS: We analyzed the current largest AD-related coalition against major diseases dataset comprising 3717 patients of interest...
September 2016: Future Science OA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030553/crowd-funding-a-new-resource-cooperation-mode-for-mobile-cloud-computing
#12
Nan Zhang, Xiaolong Yang, Min Zhang, Yan Sun
Mobile cloud computing, which integrates the cloud computing techniques into the mobile environment, is regarded as one of the enabler technologies for 5G mobile wireless networks. There are many sporadic spare resources distributed within various devices in the networks, which can be used to support mobile cloud applications. However, these devices, with only a few spare resources, cannot support some resource-intensive mobile applications alone. If some of them cooperate with each other and share their resources, then they can support many applications...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030499/the-coalition-for-national-trauma-research-cntr-supports-the-call-for-a-national-trauma-research-action-plan
#13
Raul Coimbra, Rosemary A Kozar, Jason W Smith, Ben L Zarzaur, Carl J Hauser, Frederick A Moore, Jeffrey A Bailey, Alex Valadka, Gregory J Jurkovich, Donald H Jenkins, Kimberly A Davis, Michelle A Price, Ronald V Maier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 23, 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028203/development-of-a-pediatric-adverse-events-terminology
#14
Debbie S Gipson, Eric S Kirkendall, Brenda Gumbs-Petty, Theresa Quinn, A Steen, Amanda Hicks, Ann McMahon, Savian Nicholas, Anna Zhao-Wong, Perdita Taylor-Zapata, Mark Turner, Emily Herreshoff, Charlotte Jones, Jonathan M Davis, Margaret Haber, Steven Hirschfeld
In 2009, the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) established the Pediatric Terminology Harmonization Initiative to establish a core library of terms to facilitate the acquisition and sharing of knowledge between pediatric clinical research, practice, and safety reporting. A coalition of partners established a Pediatric Terminology Adverse Event Working Group in 2013 to develop a specific terminology relevant to international pediatric adverse event (AE) reporting...
January 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024671/reform-of-abortion-law-in-uruguay-context-process-and-lessons-learned
#15
Susan Wood, Lilián Abracinskas, Sonia Correa, Mario Pecheny
In October 2012, a new law was approved in Uruguay that allows abortion on demand during the first 12 weeks of pregnancy, 14 weeks in the case of rape, and without a time limit when the woman's health is at risk or in the case of foetal anomalies. This paper analyses this legal reform. It is based on 27 individual and group interviews with key informants, and on review of primary documents and the literature. The factors explaining the reform include: secular values in society, favourable public opinion, a persistent feminist movement, effective coalition building, particular party politics, and a vocal public health sector...
November 2016: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018088/fracture-of-the-scapholunate-coalition
#16
Önder Yeniçeri, Nesat Cullu, Halil Beydilli, Mehmet Deveer, Rabia Mihriban Kilinc
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005550/analysing-the-stewardship-function-in-botswana-s-health-system-reflecting-on-the-past-looking-to-the-future
#17
Onalenna Seitio-Kgokgwe, Robin Dc Gauld, Philip C Hill, Pauline Barnett
BACKGROUND: In many parts of the world, ongoing deficiencies in health systems compromise the delivery of health interventions. The World Health Organization (WHO) identified four functions that health systems need to perform to achieve their goals: Efforts to strengthen health systems focus on the way these functions are carried out. While a number of studies on health systems functions have been conducted, the stewardship function has received limited attention. In this article, we evaluate the extent to which the Botswana Ministry of Health (MoH) undertook its stewardship role...
June 6, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997476/facilitating-community-health-improvement-capacity-through-nongovernmental-public-health-partners
#18
Angela L Carman, Margaret L McGladrey
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the Facilitating the Community Health Improvement Process training in increasing the capacity of nongovernmental public health partners to serve as facilitators and supporters of community health improvement coalitions. Ten members of WellCare Advocacy and Community-Based Program teams (CommUnity Advocates) serving communities across the country were identified to participate in the pilot training group. They completed pre- and posttraining surveys to evaluate knowledge of community health improvement process models and facilitation techniques, as well as qualitative interviews to assess use of training material 6 months after the training...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986504/the-consequences-of-chronic-cannabis-smoking-in-vulnerable-adolescents
#19
REVIEW
Montaha Al Iede, Kenneth Nunn, Bronwyn Milne, Dominic A Fitzgerald
Cannabis, like the mythic shape-shifter, presents in various guises, morphing with the perspective and context of the observer. Arguments about cannabis are confused by a myriad of debates-medical, social, ethical and political-as if a single conceptual umbrella can capture the variety and granularity of marijuana-related issues. This paper responds to marijuana use as it is commonly practised by youth in Australia. It has little to say about synthetic cannabinoids, specific medicinal cannabinoids, or medicinal properties of marijuana...
November 9, 2016: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986369/updated-european-association-of-urology-guidelines-regarding-adjuvant-therapy-for-renal-cell-carcinoma
#20
Axel Bex, Laurence Albiges, Börje Ljungberg, Karim Bensalah, Saeed Dabestani, Rachel H Giles, Fabian Hofmann, Milan Hora, Markus A Kuczyk, Thomas B Lam, Lorenzo Marconi, Axel S Merseburger, Michael Staehler, Alessandro Volpe, Thomas Powles
: The European Association of Urology Renal Cell Carcinoma (RCC) guidelines panel updated their recommendation on adjuvant therapy in unfavourable, clinically nonmetastatic RCC following the recently reported results of a second randomised controlled phase 3 trial comparing 1-yr sunitinib to placebo for high-risk RCC after nephrectomy (S-TRAC). On the basis of conflicting results from the two available studies, the panel rated the quality of the evidence, the harm-to-benefit ratio, patient preferences, and costs...
December 13, 2016: European Urology
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