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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925041/patterns-of-collaboration-among-health-care-and-social-services-providers-in-communities-with-lower-health-care-utilization-and-costs
#1
Amanda L Brewster, Marie A Brault, Annabel X Tan, Leslie A Curry, Elizabeth H Bradley
OBJECTIVE: To understand how health care providers and social services providers coordinate their work in communities that achieve relatively low health care utilization and costs for older adults. STUDY SETTING: Sixteen Hospital Service Areas (HSAs) in the United States. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a qualitative study of HSAs with performance in the top or bottom quartiles nationally across three key outcomes: ambulatory care sensitive hospitalizations, all-cause risk-standardized readmission rates, and average reimbursements per Medicare beneficiary...
September 19, 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918286/identifying-combinatorial-biomarkers-by-association-rule-mining-in-the-camd-alzheimer-s-database
#2
Balázs Szalkai, Vince K Grolmusz, Vince I Grolmusz
The concept of combinatorial biomarkers was conceived when it was noticed that simple biomarkers are often inadequate for recognizing and characterizing complex diseases. Here we present an algorithmic search method for complex biomarkers which may predict or indicate Alzheimer's disease (AD) and other kinds of dementia. We show that our method is universal since it can describe any Boolean function for biomarker discovery. We applied data mining techniques that are capable to uncover implication-like logical schemes with detailed quality scoring...
August 17, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912615/why-the-moratorium-on-human-animal-chimera-research-should-not-be-lifted
#3
Alan Moy
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) announced its plans to lift its moratorium on funding research that involves injecting human embryonic stem cells into animal embryos, which would allow for the creation of part-human and part-animal organisms known as chimeras. The NIH allowed only one month to receive public comments in the midst of a presidential election campaign. Lifting the moratorium means that, for the first time, the federal government will begin spending taxpayer dollars on the creation and manipulation of new organisms that would blur the line between humans and animals...
August 2017: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910482/an-outbreak-investigation-report-and-lessons-learned-by-multinational-coalition-forces-october-2016-baghdad-iraq
#4
Stanley A Gorzelnik, Laura N Kephart, Wendy E Miklos
BACKGROUND: Public health personnel from the 28th Combat Support Hospital in Baghdad, Iraq, conducted an outbreak investigation in response to many local cases of gastrointestinal (GI) illness presenting to U.S. medical facilities. The investigation was conducted to identify the source of the illness, assess the extent of cases, and make recommendations to prevent similar outbreaks. METHODS AND MATERIALS: For this retrospective cohort study, medical records and patient outbreak questionnaires were reviewed...
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902146/community-capacity-building-for-physical-activity-promotion-among-older-adults-a-literature-review
#5
REVIEW
Tobias Ubert, Sarah Forberger, Dirk Gansefort, Hajo Zeeb, Tilman Brand
Community-based interventions to promote physical activity (PA) among older adults are of high interest in health promotion since they promise to be effective strategies to reach this population group. Community capacity building, that is, the local promotion of knowledge, skills, commitment, structures, and leadership, is among the recommended core strategies. However, little guidance is provided on how to achieve a high degree of community capacity. This study aims to identify practical strategies to enhance community capacities for PA promotion among older adults (50 years or older) and to evaluate their success...
September 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901813/hpv-related-cancer-prevention-through-coalition-building
#6
Eileen Lind, Kelly Welch, Rebecca B Perkins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 13, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901665/kansas-nurse-leader-residency-programme-advancing-leader-knowledge-and-skills
#7
Qiuhua Shen, Jill Peltzer, Cynthia Teel, Janet Pierce
AIMS: To evaluate the effectiveness of the Kansas Nurse Leader Residency (KNLR) programme in improving nurses' leadership knowledge and skills and its acceptability, feasibility and fidelity. BACKGROUND: The Future of Nursing Report (Institute of Medicine, 2011) calls for nurses to lead change and advance health. The 6-month KNLR programme was developed by the Kansas Action Coalition to support nurses' leadership development. METHODS: Nurses (n = 36) from four nursing specialties (acute care, long-term care, public health and school health) participated in the programme...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901642/impact-of-mimicking-natural-dispersion-on-breeding-success-of-captive-north-american-cheetahs-acinonyx-jubatus
#8
Sierra J Gillman, Karen Ziegler-Meeks, Carol Eager, Thomas A Tenhundfeld, Wendy Shaffstall, Mary Jo Stearns, Adrienne E Crosier
This paper examines the effects of transfer away from natal facility and littermate presence on cheetah breeding success in the AZA Species Survival Plan (SSP) population. Transfer and breeding history data for captive males and females were gathered from seven and four AZA SSP breeding facilities, respectively, to identify factors influencing breeding success. The results indicate that transfer history (p = 0.032), age at transfer (p = 0.013), and female littermate presence/absence (p = 0.04) was associated with breeding success, with females transferred away from their natal facility before sexual maturity and without littermates present accounting for the highest breeding success...
September 13, 2017: Zoo Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895953/curriculum-united-for-better-eczema-care-why-how-and-what
#9
Lawrence F Eichenfield, Jusleen Ahluwalia, Dawn Marie Davis, David M Fleischer, Andrea Waldman, Jonathan Spergel
While various medical specialties treat eczema patients, care for these patients is largely fragmented and disorganized. Moreover, standardized treatment protocols that incorporate upcoming eczema therapies and emerging guidelines have yet to be established. Thus, there is both a need and an opportunity to equip clinicians to succeed in this novel and changing era of eczema care. The National Eczema Association's (NEA) strategic plan-developed through extensive discussions with patients who have atopic dermatitis and their caregivers, industry, and providers representing different specialties-called for the creation of an interdisciplinary coalition to steer this initiative...
September 2017: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888929/longitudinal-studies-of-botulinum-toxin-in-cervical-dystonia-why-do-patients-discontinue-therapy
#10
H A Jinnah, Cynthia L Comella, Joel Perlmutter, Codrin Lungu, Mark Hallett
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have established botulinum toxin (BoNT) to be safe and effective for the treatment of cervical dystonia (CD). Despite its well-documented efficacy, there has been growing awareness that a significant proportion of CD patients discontinue therapy. The reasons for discontinuation are only partly understood. METHODS: This summary describes longitudinal studies that provided information regarding the proportions of patients discontinuing BoNT therapy, and the reasons for discontinuing therapy...
September 6, 2017: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884997/latin-america-indicator-research-coalition-examines-prehospital-care-using-a-trauma-systems-application-of-lcogs-indicator-1
#11
Gregory Peck, David Blitzer, Isabelle Citron, John Dutton, Jorge Esteban Foianini, Vicente Gracias, Ramiro Manzano, John G Meara, Dhaval Mehta, Zina Model, Carlos Morales, Rachel NeMoyer, Carlos Ordoñez, Luis Fernando Pino, Juan Carlos Puyana, Edgar Rodas, Mary E Schroeder, Tom Sullivan, Miyerlandi Torres, Paul Truché, Martha Paola Vega
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Bulletin of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883031/neuropathic-pain-treatment-and-research-experiences-from-the-united-kingdom-mission-to-afghanistan-and-future-prospects
#12
REVIEW
Paul Wood, C Small, S Lewis, P Mahoney
The Defence Medical Services (DMS) of the United Kingdom (UK) assumed command of the Role 3 Medical Treatment Facility field hospital during Operation HERRICK in Afghanistan from April 2006 until the final drawdown in November 2014. The signature injury sustained by coalition personnel during this period was traumatic amputation from improvised explosive devices. Many patients who had suffered extensive tissue damage experienced both nociceptive and neuropathic pain (NeuP). This presented as a heterogeneous collection of symptoms that are resistant to treatment...
September 6, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883007/bilateral-tarsal-tunnel-syndrome-attributed-to-bilateral-fibrous-tarsal-coalition-and-symmetrical-hypertrophy-of-the-sustentaculum-tali
#13
Anil K Bhat, Sandesh Madi, Prajwal Prabhudev Mane, Ashwath Acharya
Tarsal tunnel syndrome (TTS) is one of the frequently encountered entrapment neuropathies of the lower limb. Most often the aetiology is considered to be idiopathic. However, it has to be thoroughly investigated to rule out diverse extrinsic and intrinsic causes. The sustentaculum tali (ST) forms the superior part of the distal tarsal tunnel, and any increase in its size may result in irritation of the tibial nerve or its branches, the medial and lateral plantar nerves or decrease the overall volume of the tarsal tunnel culminating to clinical features of TTS...
September 7, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876317/cervical-cancer-screening-and-prevention-in-78-sexually-transmitted-disease-clinics-united-states-2014-2015
#14
Emily McGinnis, Beth E Meyerson, Elissa Meites, Mona Saraiya, Rebecca Griesse, Emily Snoek, Laura Haderxhanaj, Lauri E Markowitz, William Smith
BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus (HPV) infections cause approximately 30,700 cancers annually among US men and women, cervical cancer being the most common. Human papillomavirus vaccination is recommended routinely for US girls and boys at age 11 to 12 years, and for those not previously vaccinated, through age 26 and 21 years for women and men, respectively. Our objective was to assess current cervical cancer screening and HPV vaccination practices among sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinics in the United States...
June 19, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867584/coalition-for-global-clinical-surgical-education-the-alliance-for-global-clinical-training
#15
Jahanara Graf, Mackenzie Cook, Samuel Schecter, Karen Deveney, Paul Hofmann, Douglas Grey, Larry Akoko, Ali Mwanga, Kitembo Salum, William Schecter
OBJECTIVE: Assessment of the effect of the collaborative relationship between the high-income country (HIC) surgical educators of the Alliance for Global Clinical Training (Alliance) and the low-income country surgical educators at the Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences/Muhimbili National Hospital (MUHAS/MNH), Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania, on the clinical global surgery training of the HIC surgical residents participating in the program. DESIGN: A retrospective qualitative analysis of Alliance volunteer HIC faculty and residents' reports, volunteer case lists and the reports of Alliance academic contributions to MUHAS/MNH from 2012 to 2017...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861205/gait-analysis-of-symptomatic-flatfoot-in-children-an-observational-study
#16
Ha Yong Kim, Hyuck Soo Shin, Jun Hyuck Ko, Yong Han Cha, Jae Hoon Ahn, Jae Yeon Hwang
BACKGROUND: Flatfoot deformity is a lever arm disease that incurs kinetic inefficiency during gait. The purpose of this study was to measure the degree of kinetic inefficiency by comparing the gait analysis data of a flatfoot group with a normal control group. METHODS: The patient group consisted of 26 children (21 males and 5 females) with symptomatic flatfoot. They were examined with gait analysis between May 2005 and February 2014. Exclusion criteria were patients with secondary flatfoot caused by neuromuscular disorders, tarsal coalition, vertical talus, or others...
September 2017: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854144/a-queer-theorist-s-critique-of-online-domestic-violence-advocacy-critically-responding-to-the-national-coalition-against-domestic-violence-website
#17
Samuel Z Shelton
Since the foundations of the contemporary anti-violence movement in the 60s and 70s, advocates have sought to establish a critical understanding of domestic violence that we can use to direct our efforts for social change. Yet many advocates and advocacy organizations continue to rely on a problematic narrative of sameness that marginalizes and erases diverse victims' experiences and needs. In this article, I conduct a critical discourse analysis of the National Coalition Against Domestic Violence website to identify outcomes of this narrative for the inclusivity of advocacy efforts...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842454/coalition-seeks-solutions-for-clinician-burnout
#18
Kate Traynor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842093/intraoperative-three-dimensional-navigation-for-talocalcaneal-coalition-resection
#19
William R Aibinder, Ernest Y Young, Todd A Milbrandt
Talocalcaneal tarsal coalitions are a common source of foot pain, stiffness, and deformity. These coalitions are treated symptomatically with rest and periods of immobilization. When those measures fail, surgical resection is attempted. This procedure is an anatomic challenge with the consequence of leaving residual coalition. The residual coalition primarily results from difficulty with intraoperative imaging because fluoroscopy does not provide adequate detail of this area. Some investigators have recommended intraoperative computed tomography after resection with reasonable results...
September 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840824/a-framework-for-implementing-the-national-diabetes-prevention-program-in-los-angeles-county
#20
Jennifer T Mosst, Amelia DeFosset, Lauren Gase, Laura Baetscher, Tony Kuo
INTRODUCTION: Preventing type 2 diabetes is a public health priority in the United States. An estimated 86 million Americans aged 20 years or older have prediabetes, 90% of whom are unaware they have it. The National Diabetes Prevention Program (NDPP) has the potential to reduce the incidence of type 2 diabetes; however, little is known about the best way to institutionalize such a program in a jurisdiction with a racially/ethnically diverse population. The objective of this study was to develop a practice-grounded framework for implementing the NDPP in Los Angeles County...
August 24, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
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