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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784742/nccn-frameworks-for-resource-stratification-of-nccn-guidelines-adult-cancer-pain-and-palliative-care
#1
Robert A Swarm, Maria Dans
The NCCN Framework aims to provide adapted guidelines for low- and middle-resource countries to improve the experience of patients with cancer. In particular, the NCCN Frameworks for Adult Cancer Pain and Palliative Care and were designed to help expand access to pain management and palliative care for patients in low-resource countries. The NCCN Framework is one of several tools that can improve cancer care in the developing world. The NCCN Harmonized Guidelines for Sub-Saharan Africa, a collaborative effort between NCCN, American Cancer Society, Clinton Health Access Initiative, and African Cancer Coalition, was developed to harmonize NCCN recommendations with local guidelines across Africa and to make best use of available services and resources...
May 2018: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778257/localized-us-efforts-to-eliminate-hepatitis-c
#2
REVIEW
Annette Gaudino, Bryn Gay, Clifton Garmon, Mike Selick, Reed Vreeland, Katie Burk, Emalie Huriaux, Shelley N Facente, Annie Luetkemeyer, Phil Waters, Camilla S Graham
The United States has national plans for the elimination of hepatitis C virus but much of US health care is organized on the state level and requires local solutions. This article describes the plans developed by New York, Massachusetts, and the city/county of San Francisco for hepatitis C virus elimination. Coalitions capitalize on existing resources and advocate for new resources to address barriers in hepatitis C virus care. Although each coalition has distinct plans, all share a commitment to groups that are disproportionately affected and are at risk for being excluded from advances in hepatitis C virus treatment and cure...
June 2018: Infectious Disease Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776688/naloxone-laws-facilitate-the-establishment-of-overdose-education-and-naloxone-distribution-programs-in-the-united-states
#3
Barrot H Lambdin, Corey S Davis, Eliza Wheeler, Stephen Tueller, Alex H Kral
BACKGROUND: The opioid overdose crisis in the United States continues to worsen. Opioid overdose mortality is entirely preventable with timely administration of naloxone. Since 2001, many states have passed laws to create an enabling environment for the implementation of overdose education and naloxone distribution (OEND) programs. We assessed whether state-level naloxone laws and their provisions stimulated the implementation of OEND programs in the United States. METHODS: Covering the period from 2000 to 2014, we utilized five data sources including the Westlaw legal database, the Prescription Drug Abuse Policy System, the Harm Reduction Coalition's OEND database, National Center of Health Statistics and the United States Census...
May 12, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771229/competencies-physicians-need-to-lead-a-canadian-case
#4
Scott Comber, Kyle Clayton Crawford, Lisette Wilson
Purpose Emerging evidence correlates increased physician leadership effectiveness with improved patient and healthcare system outcomes. To maximize this benefit, it is critical to understand current physician leadership needs. The purpose of this study is to understand, through physicians' self-reporting, their own and others' most effective and weakest leadership skills in relation to the LEADS leadership capabilities framework. Design/methodology/approach The authors surveyed 209 Canadian physician leaders about their perceptions of their own and other physicians' leadership abilities...
May 8, 2018: Leadership in Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771200/disaster-preparedness-networks-in-rural-midwest-communities-organizational-roles-collaborations-and-support-for-older-residents
#5
Sato Ashida, Xi Zhu, Erin L Robinson, Audrey Schroer
This study investigated the roles and interconnections among community organizations belonging to local disaster coalitions in Midwest in supporting older residents. Representatives from 44 organizations participated in one-time survey. Most were non-profit (68%) or federal/state/local government agencies (23%). The analyses of 761 relationships showed stronger collaborations in assessment (average strength=2.88 on a 5-point scale), emergency response (2.72), and planning (2.61); and weaker collaborations in co-sponsoring programs (1...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763433/injury-and-death-during-the-isis-occupation-of-mosul-and-its-liberation-results-from-a-40-cluster-household-survey
#6
Riyadh Lafta, Maha A Al-Nuaimi, Gilbert Burnham
BACKGROUND: Measurement of mortality and injury in conflict situations presents many challenges compared with stable situations. However, providing information is important to assess the impact of conflict on populations and to estimate humanitarian needs, both in the immediate and longer term. Mosul, Iraq's second largest city, was overrun by fighters of the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) on June 4, 2014. In this study, we conducted household surveys to measure reported deaths, injuries, and kidnappings in Mosul, Iraq, both during the occupation of the city by fighters of ISIS and the months of Iraqi military action known as the liberation...
May 2018: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755057/processes-and-outcomes-of-a-community-based-participatory-research-driven-health-needs-assessment-a-tool-for-moving-health-disparity-reporting-to-evidence-based-action
#7
Tabia Henry Akintobi, Elise Lockamy, Lisa Goodin, Natalie D Hernandez, Tanesha Slocumb, Daniel Blumenthal, Ronald Braithwaite, Larry Leeks, Micah Rowland, Thomas Cotton, LaShawn Hoffman
BACKGROUND: The community-based participatory research (CBPR)-driven health needs assessment was a tool used to inform community-led, -implemented, and -sustained research and prevention strategies. METHODS: The Morehouse School of Medicine Prevention Research Center (MSM PRC) research and prevention initiatives are implemented in direct response to priorities identified through this process and tool. Led by a community-majority coalition board, the assessment coupled state and city secondary data with primary survey data collected by and from community residents...
2018: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755050/beyond-the-manuscript-developing-a-productive-workgroup-within-a-community-coalition-transtheoretical-model-processes-stages-of-change-and-lessons-learned
#8
Shearie Archer, Jennifer Langhinrichsen-Rohling, Emily Blejwas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755049/developing-a-productive-workgroup-within-a-community-coalition-transtheoretical-model-processes-stages-of-change-and-lessons-learned
#9
Heather A Finnegan, Jennifer Langhinrichsen-Rohling, Emily Blejwas, Alethea Hill, Donald Ponquinette, Shearie Archer, Marlena Kelley, Matt Allison
BACKGROUND: Addressing complex problems such as health disparities requires collaboration among individuals and agencies. Yet, methods by which productive and cohesive community-based volunteer workgroups are developed and activated to improve health outcomes are often not discussed. OBJECTIVE: Using the transtheoretical model (TTM) as a framework, we discuss effective processes for developing an action-oriented community-based workgroup committed to producing evidence-based information relevant to health policy...
2018: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755047/domestic-violence-and-pregnancy-a-cbpr-coalition-approach-to-identifying-needs-and-informing-policy
#10
Candace Forbes Bright, Braden Bagley, Ivie Pulliam, Amy Swetha Newton
BACKGROUND: Community engagement-the collaborative process of addressing issues that impact the well-being of a community-is a strategic effort to address community issues. The Gulf States Health Policy Center (GS-HPC) formed the Hattiesburg Area Health Coalition (HAHC) in November 2014 for the purpose of addressing policies impacting the health of Forrest and Lamar counties in Mississippi. OBJECTIVES: To chronicle the community-based participatory research (CBPR) process used by HAHC's identification of infant and maternal health as a policy area, domestic violence in pregnancy as a priority area within infant and maternal health, and a community action plan (CAP) regarding this priority area...
2018: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755043/domestic-violence-and-pregnancy-a-community-based-participatory-research-coalition-approach-to-identifying-needs-and-informing-policy
#11
Candace Forbes Bright, Braden Bagley, Ivie Pulliam, Amy Swetha Newton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752704/university-sports-rivalries-provide-insights-on-coalitional-psychology-territorial-context-influences-reactions-to-vocal-signals-of-allegiance
#12
Daniel J Kruger, Michael Falbo, Sophie Blanchard, Ethan Cole, Camille Gazoul, Noreen Nader, Shannon Murphy
Sports are an excellent venue for demonstrating evolutionary principles to audiences not familiar with academic research. Team sports and sports fandom feature dynamics of in-group loyalty and intergroup competition, influenced by our evolved coalitional psychology. We predicted that reactions to expressions signaling mutual team/group allegiance would vary as a function of the territorial context. Reactions should become more prevalent, positive, and enthusiastic as one moves from the home territory to a contested area, and from a contested area to a rival's territory during active rival engagement...
May 11, 2018: Human Nature: An Interdisciplinary Biosocial Perspective
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749389/erratum-the-dynamics-of-coalition-formation-on-complex-networks
#13
S Auer, J Heitzig, U Kornek, E Schöll, J Kurths
This corrects the article DOI: 10.1038/srep13386.
May 11, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748461/software-tools-and-approaches-for-compound-identification-of-lc-ms-ms-data-in-metabolomics
#14
REVIEW
Ivana Blaženović, Tobias Kind, Jian Ji, Oliver Fiehn
The annotation of small molecules remains a major challenge in untargeted mass spectrometry-based metabolomics. We here critically discuss structured elucidation approaches and software that are designed to help during the annotation of unknown compounds. Only by elucidating unknown metabolites first is it possible to biologically interpret complex systems, to map compounds to pathways and to create reliable predictive metabolic models for translational and clinical research. These strategies include the construction and quality of tandem mass spectral databases such as the coalition of MassBank repositories and investigations of MS/MS matching confidence...
May 10, 2018: Metabolites
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747528/a-painful-wrist-revealing-a-hamate-pisiform-coalition
#15
Farouk Dargai, Rani Kassir
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740734/syringe-decriminalization-advocacy-in-red-states-lessons-from-the-north-carolina-harm-reduction-coalition
#16
REVIEW
David H Cloud, Tessie Castillo, Lauren Brinkley-Rubinstein, Manisha Dubey, Robert Childs
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Syringe access programs (SAPs) are cornerstone harm reduction interventions for combatting the national opioid epidemic. The goal of this paper is to describe effective advocacy strategies for enacting syringe decriminalization legislation to foster the expansion of SAPs in high-need areas amidst political opposition. RECENT FINDINGS: Decades or research shows that SAPs prevent the transmission of HIV among people who inject drugs (PWID) and are a cost-effective tool for linking PWID to medical care, health education, and social services...
May 8, 2018: Current HIV/AIDS Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739275/educating-restaurant-workers-about-paid-sick-leave-a-pilot-study-from-new-york-city
#17
Emma K Tsui, Madeline Duffy, Sherry Baron
Across the United States, cities, states, and counties are rapidly adopting paid sick leave laws. Paid sick leave policies for restaurant workers may be particularly beneficial, since these workers are less likely to have these benefits and have the potential to spread infection through food-handling and engagement with the public. In order for paid sick leave laws to work, workers and employers must be educated about these laws broadly and effectively. Focusing on New York City, we conducted a pilot research using key stakeholder interviews to learn about New York City's successes and challenges in educating workers and businesses about the law...
January 1, 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737383/neither-knowledge-deficit-nor-nimby-understanding-opposition-to-hydraulic-fracturing-as-a-nuanced-coalition-in-westmoreland-county-pennsylvania-usa
#18
Danielle M McLaughlin, Bethany B Cutts
The expansion of unconventional sources of natural gas across the world has generated public controversy surrounding fracking drilling methods. Public debates continue to reverberate through policy domains despite very inconclusive biophysical evidence of net harm. As a consequence, there is a need to test the hypothesis that resistance to fracking is due to the way it redistributes economic and environmental risks. As in many other communities, opposition to fracking is common in central Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania, (USA) but the rationale underpinning opposition is poorly understood...
May 8, 2018: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736611/men-s-interest-in-allying-with-a-previous-combatant-for-future-group-combat
#19
Nicole Barbaro, Justin K Mogilski, Todd K Shackelford, Michael N Pham
Intra- and intergroup conflict are likely to have been recurrent features of human evolutionary history; however, little research has investigated the factors that affect men's combat alliance decisions. The current study investigated whether features of previous one-on-one combat with an opponent affect men's interest in allying with that opponent for future group combat. Fifty-eight undergraduate men recruited from a psychology department subject pool participated in a one-on-one laboratory fight simulation...
May 8, 2018: Human Nature: An Interdisciplinary Biosocial Perspective
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731555/coalition-of-e-cadherin-and-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-expression-in-predicting-malignant-transformation-in-common-oral-potentially-malignant-disorders
#20
P Sharada, Uma Swaminathan, B R Nagamalini, K Vinod Kumar, B K Ashwini, Vln Lavanya
Background: Reduced E-cadherin expression and increased VEGF expression is known to be involved in tissue growth and transformation of Oral Potentially Malignant Disorders (OPMDs) and has been correlated with their differing histological grades in numerous studies. Aim: To evaluate Immunohistochemical (IHC) expression of both E-cadherin and VEGF in predicting the malignant transformation potential of common OPMDs. Materials and Methods: Ten cases each of Normal Oral mucosa (NOM), Mild Oral Epithelial Dysplasia (OED), Moderate OED, Severe OED, Oral Submucous Fibrosis, (OSMF) and Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma (OSCC) were stained and evaluated for the expression of Ecadherin and VEGF...
January 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
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