Read by QxMD icon Read


Dawn Witt, Gretchen Benson, Susan Campbell, Arthur Sillah, Kathy Berra
PURPOSE: Social support has been associated with beneficial effects on many disease states and overall health and well-being. However, there is limited research exploring the impact of peer-led support models among women living with coronary heart disease. This study describes the structure of peer-led support groups offered by WomenHeart (WH): The National Coalition for Women Living with Heart Disease, and assesses WH participants' quality of life and social, emotional, and physical health...
November 2016: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
David A Peterson, Gwen C Littlewort, Marian S Bartlett, Antonella Macerollo, Joel S Perlmutter, H A Jinnah, Mark Hallett, Terrence J Sejnowski
OBJECTIVE: To compare clinical rating scales of blepharospasm severity with involuntary eye closures measured automatically from patient videos with contemporary facial expression software. METHODS: We evaluated video recordings of a standardized clinical examination from 50 patients with blepharospasm in the Dystonia Coalition's Natural History and Biorepository study. Eye closures were measured on a frame-by-frame basis with software known as the Computer Expression Recognition Toolbox (CERT)...
October 21, 2016: Neurology
Rahmatollah Moradzadeh, Haidar Nadrian, Farzaneh Golboni, Mohammad Hasan Kazemi-Galougahi, Nasrin Moghimi
Background: Considering the renewed emphasis on women's health, attention to the new aspects of their health, such as equity, among different groups is warranted. The aim of this study was to investigate the economic inequalities among women with osteoporosis-related bone fractures (ORBFs) in Sanandaj, Iran. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, convenient sampling was employed to recruit 220 women with osteoporosis referring to the only rheumatology clinic in Sanandaj (the center of Kurdistan province in Iran) from January to April 2013...
2016: Health Promotion Perspectives
Gemma L Buckland Merrett, Gerald Bloom, Annie Wilkinson, Hayley MacGregor
The emergence and spread of antibiotic resistant pathogens poses a big challenge to policy-makers, who need to oversee the transformation of health systems that evolved to provide easy access to these drugs into ones that encourage appropriate use of antimicrobials, whilst reducing the risk of resistance. This is a particular challenge for low and middle-income countries with pluralistic health systems where antibiotics are available in a number of different markets. This review paper considers access and use of antibiotics in these countries from a complex adaptive system perspective...
2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
Scott A Norris, H A Jinnah, Alberto J Espay, Christine Klein, Norbert Brüggemann, Richard L Barbano, Irene Andonia C Malaty, Ramon L Rodriguez, Marie Vidailhet, Emmanuel Roze, Stephen G Reich, Brian D Berman, Mark S LeDoux, Sarah Pirio Richardson, Pinky Agarwal, Zoltan Mari, William G Ondo, Ludy C Shih, Susan H Fox, Alfredo Berardelli, Claudia M Testa, Florence Ching-Fen Cheng, Daniel Truong, Fatta B Nahab, Tao Xie, Mark Hallett, Ami R Rosen, Laura J Wright, Joel S Perlmutter
BACKGROUND: Clinical characteristics of isolated idiopathic cervical dystonia such as onset site and spread to and from additional body regions have been addressed in single-site studies with limited data and incomplete or variable dissociation of focal and segmental subtypes. The objectives of this study were to characterize the clinical characteristics and demographics of isolated idiopathic cervical dystonia in the largest standardized multicenter cohort. METHODS: The Dystonia Coalition, through a consortium of 37 recruiting sites in North America, Europe, and Australia, recruited 1477 participants with focal (60...
October 18, 2016: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
(no author information available yet)
A coalition of 29 health and social care organisations has been created to ensure enough nurses and other workers stay in place as the UK leaves the EU.
September 14, 2016: Nursing Standard
Daniel Tordjman, Mohamed K Barry, Richard M Hinds, S Steven Yang
Lunotriquetral (LT) synchondrosis is an uncommon variant of congenital LT coalition. Unlike complete LT fusions, this incomplete pseudoarthrosis-like coalition can become symptomatic. Surgical LT arthrodesis is a described treatment for this variant of LT coalition (Minnaar type I). We report 4 patients who underwent LT fusion with a second-generation headless compression screw and distal radius cancellous autograft. Fusion was achieved in all cases at an average of 2.5 months postoperatively. All the patients were satisfied with complete pain relief in 2 patients and minimal pain in 2 patients, and all improved their range of motion...
October 12, 2016: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
Paul Macklin, Hermann B Frieboes, Jessica L Sparks, Ahmadreza Ghaffarizadeh, Samuel H Friedman, Edwin F Juarez, Edmond Jonckheere, Shannon M Mumenthaler
Tumors cannot be understood in isolation from their microenvironment. Tumor and stromal cells change phenotype based upon biochemical and biophysical inputs from their surroundings, even as they interact with and remodel the microenvironment. Cancer should be investigated as an adaptive, multicellular system in a dynamical microenvironment. Computational modeling offers the potential to detangle this complex system, but the modeling platform must ideally account for tumor heterogeneity, substrate and signaling factor biotransport, cell and tissue biophysics, tissue and vascular remodeling, microvascular and interstitial flow, and links between all these sub-systems...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Rachel E Patzer, Sudeshna Paul, Laura Plantinga, Jennifer Gander, Leighann Sauls, Jenna Krisher, Laura L Mulloy, Eric M Gibney, Teri Browne, Carlos F Zayas, William M McClellan, Kimberly Jacob Arriola, Stephen O Pastan
Georgia has the lowest kidney transplant rates in the United States and substantial racial disparities in transplantation. We determined the effectiveness of a multicomponent intervention to increase referral of patients on dialysis for transplant evaluation in the Reducing Disparities in Access to kidNey Transplantation Community Study (RaDIANT), a randomized, dialysis facility-based, controlled trial involving >9000 patients receiving dialysis from 134 dialysis facilities in Georgia. In December of 2013, we selected dialysis facilities with either low transplant referral or racial disparity in referral...
October 13, 2016: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
Bernadet Garcia-Silva, Eric Handler, Julia Wolfe
Food insecurity is a global issue that arises owing to systemic socioeconomic inequities and environmental constraints. To highlight the existence and the extent of food insecurity and food waste, the Orange County Health Department in Orange County, California, created a coalition called "Waste Not Orange County." Orange County is the sixth most populous county in California and has the highest median income, yet 11.4% of those residing in Orange County are food insecure, and 24.0% live in poverty. The overall vision of the coalition is to mitigate hunger in Orange County by educating the community about food donations, identifying food-insecure individuals, and connecting those individuals to sources of food...
October 13, 2016: American Journal of Public Health
Jennifer A Heerwig
Despite the importance of individual contributors to financing federal candidates, past work has largely neglected this crucial financial constituency in favor of research on corporate and trade political action committees (PACs). By contrast, in this study I offer the first analysis of aggregate contributions from the population of individual contributors to House candidates. Using an original big dataset constructed from over fifteen million Federal Election Commission (FEC) disclosure records, I identify individual contributors (rather than contributions) and trace the variation in their strategies across types of House candidates...
November 2016: Social Science Research
Jonathan Oberlander, David K Jones, Steven Spivack, Phillip M Singer
The Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP) is a success story. CHIP has contributed greatly to ensuring affordable insurance and access to medical services for millions of children. The 2015 two-year extension of CHIP funding appeared to confirm its longstanding status as a bipartisan program. Yet that appearance obscures important changes in CHIP politics. In recent years, there have been calls to end the program, and its bipartisan coalition has frayed. In this article we analyze CHIP's funding extension, explore its shifting political environment, and discuss the implications for the program's future...
October 1, 2016: Health Affairs
Michael B Gottschalk, Maxim Danilevich, Hilton P Gottschalk
Background: Carpal coalition and metacarpal synostosis are uncommon congenital anomalies of the carpus and hand. Methods: A comprehensive review of the literature was performed to help guide surgical and non-surgical treatment of carpal coalition and metacarpal synostosis. Results: The embryology, epidemiology, medical and surgical management, and associated outcomes are detailed. Conclusions: Most patients with these disorders will likely benefit from conservative measures. Surgery should be considered in patients with pain and limitations in wrist and hand function...
September 2016: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
Jarrod Blinch, Guilherme de Cellio Martins, Romeo Chua
The ability to coordinate the simultaneous movements of our arms is limited by a coalition of constraints. Some of these constraints can be overcome when the task conceptualisation is improved. The present study investigated how the movement preparation of bimanual reaching movements was affected by integrated visual feedback of the responses. Previous research has shown that the preparation of bimanual asymmetric movements takes longer than bimanual symmetric movements. The goal of the present study was to determine whether integrated, Lissajous feedback could eliminate this bimanual asymmetric cost...
October 1, 2016: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
Ricardo J Wray, Nancy Weaver, Keri Jupka, Stacie Zellin, Susan Berman, Santosh Vijaykumar
PURPOSE: The study compared perceptions of state legislative aides about tobacco policymaking in states with strong and weak tobacco control policies. APPROACH: Qualitative in-depth interviews carried out in 2009. SETTING: The US states were ranked on a combination of tobacco prevention funding, taxes, and presence of smoke-free policies. States at the top and bottom of the rankings were chosen. PARTICIPANTS: Interviews were conducted with 10 legislative aides in 5 states with strong tobacco control policies and 10 aides in 7 states with weak policies...
September 28, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
(no author information available yet)
A coalition of 29 health and social care organisations has been created to ensure there are enough nurses and other workers in place when the UK withdraws from the European Union (EU).
September 29, 2016: Nursing Older People
Asher Mullard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 29, 2016: Nature Reviews. Drug Discovery
Stephen P Arnerić, Richard Batrla-Utermann, Laurel Beckett, Tobias Bittner, Kaj Blennow, Leslie Carter, Robert Dean, Sebastiaan Engelborghs, Just Genius, Mark Forrest Gordon, Janice Hitchcock, June Kaplow, Johan Luthman, Richard Meibach, David Raunig, Klaus Romero, Mahesh N Samtani, Mary Savage, Leslie Shaw, Diane Stephenson, Robert M Umek, Hugo Vanderstichele, Brian Willis, Susan Yule
Alzheimer's disease (AD) drug development is burdened with the current requirement to conduct large, lengthy, and costly trials to overcome uncertainty in patient progression and effect size on treatment outcome measures. There is an urgent need for the discovery, development, and implementation of novel, objectively measured biomarkers for AD that would aid selection of the appropriate subpopulation of patients in clinical trials, and presumably, improve the likelihood of successfully evaluating innovative treatment options...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
Maria Jorina, Ayesha Cammaerts, Janice Singer, Al Ozonoff, Eugenia Chan, Richard Antonelli, Michelle Gurvitz, Kathy Jenkins
OBJECTIVE: To describe the measure review and evaluation process used to identify new measures of care coordination for children with behavioral health needs conducted as part of Massachusetts' Children's Health Insurance Program Reauthorization Act Quality Demonstration Grant. METHOD: The Massachusetts Child Health Quality Coalition identified a shortage of pediatric measures of care coordination in behavioral health. After an extensive literature review, the Measure Development Committee applied the Care Coordination Key Elements Framework (Framework), which was designed as part of the grant work, and used a modified RAND Delphi method to conduct feasibility and validity evaluation and propose the new candidate measures for further rigorous testing...
October 2016: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
John J Lowe, Keith F Hansen, Kristine K Sanger, Jannah M Obaid
This report outlines a 3-year health care coalition effort to advance and test community capacity for a large-scale hospital evacuation. The multi-year effort utilized a variety workshops, seminars, webinars, tabletops, functional exercises, and culminated with a full-scale exercise testing hospital evacuation. While most hospital evacuation exercises focus on internal movement of patients, this exercise process tested command-level decision making and it tested external partners such as transportation agencies, law enforcement, receiving hospitals, and local emergency management...
September 19, 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"