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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325406/polycentrism-in-global-health-governance-scholarship-comment-on-four-challenges-that-global-health-networks-face
#1
Jale Tosun
Drawing on an in-depth analysis of eight global health networks, a recent essay in this journal argued that global health networks face four challenges to their effectiveness: problem definition, positioning, coalition-building, and governance. While sharing the argument of the essay concerned, in this commentary, we argue that these analytical concepts can be used to explicate a concept that has implicitly been used in global health governance scholarship for quite a few years. While already prominent in the discussion of climate change governance, for instance, global health governance scholarship could make progress by looking at global health governance as being polycentric...
May 23, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320939/new-york-state-s-cosh-movement-a-brief-history
#2
Michael Lax
Unions, health and safety activists, and professionals came together to create Coalitions for Occupational Safety and Health (COSH groups) in a number of cities across the United States beginning in the 1970s. The COSHes have played an important and unique role in advocating worker health and safety since that time, through activities including technical assistance, training and education, and campaigns on workplace and public policies. In New York State, activist coalitions created eight COSH groups distributed around the state...
January 1, 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318437/replication-of-a-controlled-community-prevention-trial-results-from-a-local-implementation-of-science-based-intervention-to-reduce-impaired-driving
#3
Michael D George, Harold D Holder, Paul N McKenzie, Heather R Mueller, Donna C Herchek, Barry S Faile
We tested the generalizability of a science-based community prevention design to reduce DUI crashes. Previous researcher-led studies have confirmed the effects of an intervention design of visible enforcement coupled with heightened public awareness of enforcement to increase driver perception of likely detection for drinking and driving. A community coalition based the project on a prevention intervention model that included two key intermediate variables: levels of visible enforcement and of public awareness of enforcement...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309234/the-san-francisco-cancer-initiative-a-community-effort-to-reduce-the-population-burden-of-cancer
#4
Robert A Hiatt, Amanda Sibley, Laura Fejerman, Stanton Glantz, Tung Nguyen, Rena Pasick, Nynikka Palmer, Arnold Perkins, Michael B Potter, Ma Somsouk, Roberto A Vargas, Laura J van 't Veer, Alan Ashworth
The great potential for reducing the cancer burden and cancer disparities through prevention and early detection is unrealized at the population level. A new community-based coalition, the San Francisco Cancer Initiative (SF CAN), focuses on the city and county of San Francisco, where cancer is the leading cause of death. SF CAN is an integrated, cross-sector collaboration launched in November 2016. It brings together the San Francisco Department of Public Health; the University of California, San Francisco; major health systems; and community coalitions to exert collective impact...
January 2018: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304156/engaging-in-extreme-activism-in-support-of-others-political-struggles-the-role-of-politically-motivated-fusion-with-out-groups
#5
Jonas R Kunst, Beverly Boos, Sasha Y Kimel, Milan Obaidi, Maor Shani, Lotte Thomsen
Humans are a coalitional, parochial species. Yet, extreme actions of solidarity are sometimes taken for distant or unrelated groups. What motivates people to become solidary with groups to which they do not belong originally? Here, we demonstrate that such distant solidarity can occur when the perceived treatment of an out-group clashes with one's political beliefs (e.g., for Leftists, oppressive occupation of the out-group) and that it is driven by fusion (or a feeling of oneness) with distant others with whom one does not share any common social category such as nationality, ethnicity or religion...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295020/disclosing-sex-trading-histories-to-providers-barriers-and-facilitators-to-navigation-of-social-services-among-women-impacted-by-commercial-sexual-exploitation
#6
Lara Gerassi, Tonya E Edmond, Vanessa Fabbre, Abby Howard, Andrea J Nichols
Sex trafficking and commercial sexual exploitation (CSE) can lead to devastating health and mental health consequences for women, such as elevated rates of substance use, trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and HIV. Consequently, engagement with services that address addiction, mental health, and housing, and provide general advocacy is critically important to women's increased safety, stabilization, and quality of life. The purpose of this study is to identify perceived barriers and facilitators to service access and engagement with social services among women involved in CSE...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288367/antimicrobial-resistance-and-antibiotic-stewardship-programs-in-the-icu-insistence-and-persistence-in-the-fight-against-resistance-a-position-statement-from-esicm-escmid-waaar-round-table-on-multi-drug-resistance
#7
Jan J De Waele, Murat Akova, Massimo Antonelli, Rafael Canton, Jean Carlet, Daniel De Backer, George Dimopoulos, José Garnacho-Montero, Jozef Kesecioglu, Jeffrey Lipman, Mervyn Mer, José-Artur Paiva, Mario Poljak, Jason A Roberts, Jesus Rodriguez Bano, Jean-François Timsit, Jean-Ralph Zahar, Matteo Bassetti
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a clear and present danger to patients in any intensive care unit (ICU) around the world. Whereas AMR may affect any patient in the hospital, patients in the ICU are particularly at risk of acquiring AMR infections due to the intensity of the treatment, use of invasive devices, increased risk of transmission and exposure to antibiotics. AMR is present in every ICU, although prevalence is geographically different and AMR pathogens encountered are variable. Intensive care and infectious disease specialists from the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine, European Society of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases and World Alliance Against Antimicrobial Resistance, united in the ANTARCTICA (Antimicrobial Resistance in Critical Care) coalition, call for increased awareness and action among health care professionals to reduce AMR development in critically ill patients, to improve treatment of AMR infections and to coordinate scientific research in this high-risk patient population...
December 29, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282996/growing-coalitions-tompkins-adam-2016-ghostworkers-and-greens-the-cooperative-campaigns-of-farmworkers-and-environmentalists-for-pesticide-reform-ithaca-ny-ilr-cornell-university-press-xvi-230-pp-89-95-cloth-27-95-paperback
#8
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281601/health-disparities-understanding-and-promoting-healthy-communities
#9
Yolanda Suarez-Balcazar, Mansha P Mirza, Manuel Garcia-Ramirez
This themed issue focuses on understanding and addressing several public health issues affecting communities today nationally and internationally. Health disparities, and global health in general, cover a large breadth of health concerns impossible to address in one issue. Here we provide a scope of some health disparities while focusing on health promotion and well-being of diverse populations, specifically within urban undeserved populations, rural communities in Peru, Roma minorities in Spain, and refugee communities...
January 2018: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281597/examining-the-contributions-of-a-community-coalition-in-addressing-urban-health-determinants
#10
Jomella Watson-Thompson, Margaret J May, Jessie Jefferson, Yolanda Young, Alan Young, Jerry Schultz
Community coalitions facilitate changes in community outcomes and conditions by addressing issues and determinants of health and well-being. The purpose of the present study was to examine the process of a community coalition, the Ivanhoe Neighborhood Council (INC), in addressing community-prioritized urban health determinants aimed at improving living conditions in a neighborhood in Kansas City, Missouri. Using an empirical case study design, the implementation of the community change framework supported through the Kauffman Neighborhood Initiative is examined...
January 2018: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280422/health-care-coalitions-as-response-organizations-houston-after-hurricane-harvey
#11
Lori Upton, Thomas D Kirsch, Melissa Harvey, Dan Hanfling
Health care coalitions play an increasingly important role in both preparedness for, response to, and recovery from large scale disaster events occurring across the United States. The actions taken by the South East Texas Regional Advisory Council (SETRAC) in response to the landfall of Hurricane Harvey, and the consequential flooding that ensued, serve as an excellent example of how health care coalitions are increasingly needed to play a unifying role in response. This paper highlights a number of the strategic planning, operational planning and response, information sharing, and resource coordination and management activities that were undertaken for the response to Hurricane Harvey...
December 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279028/helping-smokers-quit-the-smoking-cessation-leadership-center-engages-behavioral-health-by-challenging-old-myths-and-traditions
#12
Steven A Schroeder, Brian Clark, Christine Cheng, Catherine B Saucedo
Smoking is much more common among persons with behavioral health conditions (mental illnesses and/or substance use disorders). Persons with these disorders are more likely to die from smoking-related causes than any other reason. Studies have shown that stopping smoking can improve mental health function, as well as improve outcomes for substance use disorders. Yet, for a variety of reasons, smoking cessation has not been integrated into the treatment of behavioral health conditions, and in many instances tobacco use was not only condoned but encouraged...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275085/a-mixed-method-evaluation-of-the-new-york-state-eat-well-play-hard-community-projects-building-local-capacity-for-sustainable-childhood-obesity-prevention
#13
Kaydian S Reid, Jackson P Sekhobo, Leigh A Gantner, MaryEllen K Holbrook, Marie Allsopp, Linda B Whalen, Amy Koren-Roth
This study used a mixed-method, comparative case study approach to assess the level of capacity built for childhood obesity prevention among seven New York State Eat Well Play Hard-Community Projects (EWPH-CP). Data were collected through a self-reported survey in 2007, semi-structured interviews in 2009, and EWPH-CP program documentation throughout the 2006-2010 funding cycle. Quantitative and qualitative analyses were used along with an integrative framework for assessing local capacity building to characterize the capacity built by the study coalitions...
December 9, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274018/examining-the-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-identity-scale-among-members-of-an-alternative-sexuality-special-interest-group
#14
Robert J Cramer, Frank D Golom, Tess M Gemberling, Kristen Trost, Robin Lewis, Susan Wright
The present study contributes to a growing body of literature developing psychometrically and theoretically grounded measures of sexual orientation minority identity. We tested psychometric properties and construct validity of a 27-item measure, the Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Identity Scale (LGBIS). The sample consisted of 475 adult (178 male, 237 female, 16 male-to-female, 14 female-to-male, and 30 gender queer persons) members of a special interest group, the National Coalition for Sexual Freedom. Participants completed a health needs questionnaire...
December 22, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248363/global-coalition-for-the-fight-against-heart-disease-and-stroke-a-global-coalition-for-whf-second-global-summit-on-circulatory-health
#15
David Wood, Samira Asma, Douglas Bettcher, Jack Tan Wei Chieh, Rohan Greenland, Floris Italianer, Etienne Krug, Helen McGuire, Durhane Wong-Rieger, Jean-Luc Eiselé, Jeremiah Mwangi, Joanna Markbreiter, Lyndsey Canham, Alastair White
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 13, 2017: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241003/chiral-coalition-in-helical-sense-enhancement-of-copolymers-the-role-of-the-absolute-configuration-of-comonomers
#16
Sandra Arias, Rafael Rodríguez, Emilio Quiñoá, Ricardo Riguera, Felix Freire
Both the role of the absolute configuration and the tendency of a chiral monomer to promote a certain helical scaffold in a polyphenylacetylene (PPA) have been evaluated to study the communication between two chiral monomers within a copolymer chain. 19 different PPA copolymer series -47 helical copolymers altogether- were prepared to explore the existence of a chiral to chiral communication mechanism. From the data obtained, we found that communication between two different chiral monomers emerge when both exhibit two special features: (a) a different conformational composition -one must exist in a single low energy conformation ("chiral Sergeant") and the other must present two conformers ("chiral Soldier")-, and (b) the induction of a similar scaffold in the PPA, either cis-cisoidal or cis-transoidal...
December 14, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238883/increasing-parents-awareness-of-social-host-laws-a-pilot-study-of-coalition-efforts
#17
Mallie J Paschall, Bettina Friese, Kristen Law, Anna Lebedeff
States and municipalities across the U.S. are adopting social host ordinances (SHOs) to reduce alcohol use by underage youth in private settings. SHOs are most likely to be effective if parents and other adults are aware of them and they are enforced. We examined the association between a multi-media SHO awareness campaign in northern California municipalities and parents' awareness of SHOs and SHO enforcement. We collected survey data from 1798 parents in a northern California county in fall 2014; all municipalities within the county had SHOs...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237297/the-evolutionary-psychology-of-war-offense-and-defense-in-the-adapted-mind
#18
Anthony C Lopez
The study of warfare from an evolutionary perspective has expanded rapidly over the last couple of decades. However, it has tended to focus on the ancestral origins, prevalence, and instruments of war rather than adaptationist analyses of its underlying psychology. I argue that our evolved coalitional psychology may contain a set of distinct evolved heuristics designed specifically for offensive and defensive coalitional aggression. Data from two survey experiments are presented, in which subjects were given scenarios depicting offensive or defensive aggression and were told to make decisions, for example, regarding their willingness to participate in the conflict, their opinions of others who did not choose to participate, and their expectations benefit...
October 2017: Evolutionary Psychology: An International Journal of Evolutionary Approaches to Psychology and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230289/accessory-anterolateral-talar-facet-impingement-with-tibialis-spastic-varus-foot
#19
Toshinori Kurashige
In recent years, some authors have reported accessory anterolateral talar facet impingement with flatfoot including peroneal spastic flatfoot. Conversely, to our knowledge, no case report has been published about accessory anterolateral talar facet impingement with tibialis spastic varus foot. We report the first case in a 22-year-old man with intellectual disability, bilateral cleft hands and type 1 diabetes mellitus. Since spraining his left ankle over a year earlier, he experienced left sinus tarsi pain while standing and walking...
2017: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229847/population-is-the-main-driver-of-war-group-size-and-conflict-casualties
#20
Rahul C Oka, Marc Kissel, Mark Golitko, Susan Guise Sheridan, Nam C Kim, Agustín Fuentes
The proportions of individuals involved in intergroup coalitional conflict, measured by war group size (W), conflict casualties (C), and overall group conflict deaths (G), have declined with respect to growing populations, implying that states are less violent than small-scale societies. We argue that these trends are better explained by scaling laws shared by both past and contemporary societies regardless of social organization, where group population (P) directly determines W and indirectly determines C and G...
December 11, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
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