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hyperbaric medicine

Yi Xin, Xingjuan Gao, Xiuli Ju, Aimin Li
Pseudosubarachnoid hemorrhage (PSAH) is a rare neuroradiological finding, particularly in pediatric patients. The appearance of PSAH is commonly associated with poor clinical outcome due to refractory cerebral edema. Recent clinical trials have favored hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) as a promising therapeutic strategy for adult patients with severe head injuries. The present report describes a pediatric case of diffuse brain edema characterized by the radiological appearance of PSAH successfully treated with HBOT...
September 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Jeffrey S Cooper, Jason Thomas, Shailender Singh, Tarra Brakke
Gas embolism is a rare but potentially devastating complication of endoscopic procedures. We describe 3 cases of gas embolism which were associated with endoscopic procedures (esophagogastroduodenoscopy and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography). We treated these at our hyperbaric medicine center with 3 different outcomes: complete resolution, death, and disability. We review the literature regarding this unusual complication of endoscopy and discuss the need for prompt identification and referral for hyperbaric oxygen therapy...
July 29, 2016: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Yuanyuan Jin, Ming Lu
Sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSHL) is an otological emergency defined as a rapid hearing loss, seriously affects patient's social life. To data, no study has reported the treatment by acupuncture alone in the acute phase. In this report, Acupuncture and Moxibustion therapy of excitation-focus transfer is outlined.The patient was a 26-year-old young woman who had an SSHL coupled with ear fullness. The patient had no past medical history, but she had undergone variable emotions and had a history of excessive noise exposure...
June 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Pierre Louge, Mathieu Coulange, Frederic Beneton, Emmanuel Gempp, Olivier Le Pennetier, Maxime Algoud, Lorene Dubourg, Pierre Naibo, Marion Marlinge, Pierre Michelet, Donato Vairo, Nathalie Kipson, François Kerbaul, Yves Jammes, Ian M Jones, Jean-Guillaume Steinberg, Jean Ruf, Régis Guieu, Alain Boussuges, Emmanuel Fenouillet
Immersion pulmonary edema (IPE) is a misdiagnosed environmental illness caused by water immersion, cold, and exertion. IPE occurs typically during SCUBA diving, snorkeling, and swimming. IPE is sometimes associated with myocardial injury and/or loss of consciousness in water, which may be fatal. IPE is thought to involve hemodynamic and cardiovascular disturbances, but its pathophysiology remains largely unclear, which makes IPE prevention difficult. This observational study aimed to document IPE pathogenesis and improve diagnostic reliability, including distinguishing in some conditions IPE from decompression sickness (DCS), another diving-related disorder...
June 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Daniel Mathieu, Alessandro Marroni, Jacek Kot
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine: the Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society
A hadanny, O Meir, Y Bechor, G Fishlev, J Bergan, S Efrati
INTRODUCTION: Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO2) therapy is applied in a growing number of cases for patients with different comorbidities and is considered a generally safe therapy. The main side effects related to HBO2 therapy are barotrauma, central nervous system- and pulmonary oxygen toxicity, claustrophobia, anxiety and visual disturbances. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of side effects associated with HBO2 therapy and risk factors in a large cohort of patients treated for different indications...
March 2016: Undersea & Hyperbaric Medicine: Journal of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc
A A Farooqi
To optimize treatment, we need to understand biology of different diseases in much more detail with emphasis on morphological, proteomic, genetic and epigenetic grounds. Keeping in view the facts and stimulating developments in molecular pathology, it is worthwhile to present an up-date on this topic.It is becoming progressively more understandable that exciting fields of pharmacogenomics and pharmacogenetics have revolutionized field of medicine. Better understanding of underlying mechanisms of different diseases has provided us with better ways to treat illnesses...
2016: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Fleur T van de Wetering, Leen Verleye, H Jervoise N Andreyev, Jane Maher, Joan Vlayen, Bradley R Pieters, Geertjan van Tienhoven, Rob J P M Scholten
BACKGROUND: This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in 2002, and previously updated in 2007. Late radiation rectal problems (proctopathy) include bleeding, pain, faecal urgency, and incontinence and may develop after pelvic radiotherapy treatment for cancer. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and safety of non-surgical interventions for managing late radiation proctopathy. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (Issue 11, 2015); MEDLINE (Ovid); EMBASE (Ovid); CANCERCD; Science Citation Index; and CINAHL from inception to November 2015...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Undersea & Hyperbaric Medicine: Journal of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc
A Hadanny, O Meir, Y Bechor, G Fishlev, J Bergan, S Efrati
INTRODUCTION: Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO₂) therapy is considered to be a generally safe therapy. However, data regarding seizure incidence during HBO₂ therapy as a clinical presentation of central nervous system- (CNS) related oxygen toxicity are conflicting (ranging from 1:10,000 to 1:600 seizures:hyperbaric sessions). The risk for seizures is of significant importance for the growing population of patients suffering from chronic neurological disorders such as traumatic brain injury and stroke who are treated with HBO₂...
January 2016: Undersea & Hyperbaric Medicine: Journal of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc
J V Eggert, E R Worth, C C Van Gils
We obtained costs and mortality data in two retrospective cohorts totaling 159 patients who have diabetes mellitus and onset of a diabetic foot ulcer (DFU). Data were collected from 2005 to 2013, with a follow-up period through September 30, 2014. A total of 106 patients entered an evidence-based limb salvage protocol (LSP) for Wagner Grade 3 or 4 (WG3/4) DFU and intention-to-treat adjunctive hyperbaric oxygen (HBO₂) therapy. A second cohort of 53 patients had a primary lower extremity amputation (LEA), either below the knee (BKA) or above the knee (AKA) and were not part of the LSP...
January 2016: Undersea & Hyperbaric Medicine: Journal of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc
F Dieterich, A Kanstinger, M Erdmann, J Knebel, B Ott, H Schöppenthau
BACKGROUND: Medical emergency situations and even cardiac arrest can occur during treatment of patients in therapeutic hyperbaric chambers just as in other clinical departments; therefore, high quality structured management should be implemented for dealing with emergencies in this special working area. To ensure this the emergency medical treatment should not only be performed according to the current state of medical knowledge but needs to take the special features of the hyperbaric environment including safety aspects into account...
March 2016: Der Anaesthesist
Michael J Ellis, Lesley Ritchie, Erin Selci, Stephanie Chu, Patrick McDonald, Kelly Russell
BACKGROUND: Concussion is an emerging public health concern, but care of patients with a concussion is presently unregulated in Canada. METHODS: Independent, blinded Google Internet searches were conducted for the terms "concussion" and "concussion clinic" and each of the Canadian provinces and territories. The first 10 to 15 concussion healthcare providers per province were identified. A critical appraisal of healthcare personnel and services offered on the provider's Web site was conducted...
February 10, 2016: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
E Frisman, O Rácz, J Beck, J Firment, L Bodnárová
A case report of a 68-year-old male obese diabetic patient with an abscess of left femoral region, and diffuse inflammation of abdominal wall and genital region developing sepsis, respiratory and renal failure. At admission in the regional hospital a diagnosis of polymicrobial necrotising fasciitis with suspected sepsis was declared. The patient was transferred to the special intensive care unit (SICU) of Burns and reconstructive surgery at the Kosice-Saca. The patient was treated surgically, with hyperbaric oxygen and pharmacologically to control his diabetes...
January 2016: Journal of Wound Care
S K Deb, P A Swinton, E Dolan
Saturation diving is an occupation that involves prolonged exposure to a confined, hyperoxic, hyperbaric environment. The unique and extreme environment is thought to result in disruption to physiological and metabolic homeostasis, which may impact human health and performance. Appropriate nutritional intake has the potential to alleviate and/or support many of these physiological and metabolic concerns, whilst enhancing health and performance in saturation divers. Therefore, the purpose of this review is to identify the physiological and practical challenges of saturation diving and consequently provide evidence-based nutritional recommendations for saturation divers to promote health and performance within this challenging environment...
2016: Extreme Physiology & Medicine
Marco Laurino, Lorenzo Guerriero, Paolo Allegrini, Danilo Menicucci, Francesca Mastorci, Daniele Magrin, Benedetto Allotta, Remo Bedini, Angelo Gemignani
Sea-diving operations for monitoring or intervention are carried out by highly-specialized divers called Certified Commercial Divers (CCD). CCDs operate under highly demanding working conditions in extreme and hazardous environments. Every day consists of an 8 hours' shift. To avoid decompression problems the remaining 16 hours are spent in a hyperbaric environment located aboard the surface vessel or on the platform. These operating conditions require the design of a technologically-advanced device for tele-monitoring, to maximize CCDs' safety...
2015: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Ugo Pani
Oxygen is an essential gas. Oxygen is also a biological medicine. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy is a treatment which is based on the respiration of pure oxygen in a particular pressurised environment (hyperbaric chamber). The pressure allows the diffusion of oxygen into the blood at a concentration which is ten/fifteen/twenty times the normal level. The increase in oxygen in bodily liquids stimulates the synthesis of a gas, nitric oxide (NO), which has a powerful anti-inflammatory effect and promotes the formation of new blood vessels (also through the employment of stem cells) thus accelerating the healing of wounds...
July 2015: Giornale Italiano di Medicina del Lavoro Ed Ergonomia
Gerard Laden
Increased access to any treatment sensibly follows the clinical and cost benefit being established. For many treatments this requires multiple, high-quality clinical trials and supporting cost analysis. Cost analysis may be applied to a single treatment or used to compare two or more treatments. Clinical efficacy and cost benefit are best scrutinised and validated by publication in the peer-reviewed literature. True peer review is most effectively achieved 'after publication' by the wider scientific community, i...
December 2015: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine: the Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society
Zhirong Yang, Jing Hu, Yanji Qu, Feng Sun, Xisheng Leng, Hang Li, Siyan Zhan
BACKGROUND: Gas gangrene is a rapidly progressive and severe disease that results from bacterial infection, usually as the result of an injury; it has a high incidence of amputation and a poor prognosis. It requires early diagnosis and comprehensive treatments, which may involve immediate wound debridement, antibiotic treatment, hyperbaric oxygen therapy, Chinese herbal medicine, systemic support, and other interventions. The efficacy and safety of many of the available therapies have not been confirmed...
2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Björn Jüttner, Kay Tetzlaff
Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT), i. e. breathing pure oxygen at elevated ambient pressure, remains the gold standard of care in treating air or gas embolism and decompression illness. Guidelines are less clear on the value of HBOT in acute management of carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning or clostridial necrosis. To evaluate the evidence of clinical efficacy of HBOT we performed a systematic literature review. Part 1 assesses acute indications such as air or gas embolism, decompression sickness, CO-poisoning, clostridialmyonecrosis, necrotizing problem wounds, acute traumatic wounds and arterial retinal occlusion...
October 2015: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
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