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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646815/integrative-treatment-of-chronic-abdominal-bloating-and-pain-associated-with-overgrowth-of-small-intestinal-bacteria-a-case-report
#1
Laura Kwiatkowski, Elizabeth Rice, Jeffrey Langland
Context • Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) is commonly defined as an increased number of bacteria and/or an abnormal type of bacteria in the small intestine. Conventional treatment for SIBO is typically focused on antibiotics to eradicate the bacterial overgrowth. Numerous studies have demonstrated the antimicrobial activity of herbs, and a diet low in fermentable oligo-, di-, and monosaccharides and polyols (FODMAPs) has been shown to enhance antibiotic therapy. Objective • The current case study intended to evaluate the benefits of an alternative, multifaceted approach-including botanical and homeopathic therapies in conjunction with a low-FODMAP diet-in the treatment of SIBO and its associated symptoms...
July 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638217/diet-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome-what-to-recommend-not-what-to-forbid-to-patients
#2
REVIEW
Anamaria Cozma-Petruţ, Felicia Loghin, Doina Miere, Dan Lucian Dumitraşcu
A substantial proportion of patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) associate their symptoms with the ingestion of specific foods. Therefore, in recent years, scientific research has increasingly focused on the role of diet in IBS and dietary management is now considered an important tool in IBS treatment. This article reviews the main dietary approaches in IBS emphasizing evidence from experimental and observational studies and summarizing the main diet and lifestyle recommendations provided by dietary guidelines and scientific literature...
June 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631347/reducing-the-maternal-dietary-intake-of-indigestible-and-slowly-absorbed-short-chain-carbohydrates-is-associated-with-improved-infantile-colic-a-proof-of-concept-study
#3
M Iacovou, E C Mulcahy, H Truby, J S Barrett, P R Gibson, J G Muir
BACKGROUND: To investigate if a low fermentable oligo-, di- and mono-saccharides and polyols (FODMAP) diet consumed by breastfeeding mothers may be associated with reduced symptoms of infantile colic. METHODS: Exclusively breastfeeding mothers and their typically-developing healthy infants who met the Wessel Criteria for infantile colic were recruited from the community, to this single-blind, open-label, interventional study. After a 3-day qualifying period, mothers were provided a low FODMAP 7-day diet...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627205/a-low-fermentable-oligo-di-mono-saccharides-and-polyols-fodmap-diet-is-a-balanced-therapy-for-fibromyalgia-with-nutritional-and-symptomatic-benefits
#4
Ana Paula Marum, Cátia Moreira, Pablo Tomas-Carus, Fernando Saraiva, Catarina Sousa Guerreiro
INTRODUCTION: Fibromyalgia is a chronic rheumatic disease producing widespread pain, associated to a major comorbidity -irritable bowel syndrome. Low FODMAPS diet (low fermentable oligo-di-mono-saccharides and polyols diet) has been effective in controlling irritable bowel syndrome symptoms. Overweight is an aggravating factor for fibromyalgia. We studied effects of low fermentable oligo-di-mono-saccharides and polyols diets on fibromyalgia symptoms and weight status. METHODS: A longitudinal study was performed on 38 fibromyalgia patients using a four-week, repeated assessment as follow: M1 = first assessments/presentation of individual low fermentable oligo-di-mono-saccharides and polyols diet; M2 = second assessments/reintroduction of FODMAPs; M3 = final assessments/nutritional counselling...
June 5, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625832/diet-low-in-fodmaps-reduces-symptoms-in-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome-and-probiotic-restores-bifidobacterium-species-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
H M Staudacher, M C E Lomer, F M Farquharson, P Louis, F Fava, E Franciosi, M Scholz, K M Tuohy, J O Lindsay, P M Irving, K Whelan
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Dietary restriction of fermentable carbohydrates (a low FODMAP diet) has been reported to reduce symptoms in some patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). We performed a randomized, placebo-controlled study to determine its effects on symptoms and the fecal microbiota in patients with IBS. METHODS: We performed a 2x2 factorial trial of 104 patients with IBS (18-65 years old), based on the Rome III criteria, at 2 hospitals in the United Kingdom...
June 15, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621070/editorial-food-for-thought-the-low-fodmap-diet-and-ibs-in-perspective
#6
EDITORIAL
E M M Quigley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617710/the-low-fodmap-diet-fundamental-therapy-in-the-management-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#7
Carol Ireton-Jones
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The low FODMAP diet is now recognized as first-line therapy for treatment of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) symptoms including abdominal pain, gas, bloating, diarrhea and or constipation. This information must be disseminated for application to clinical practice. RECENT FINDINGS: There are many people with IBS worldwide who can benefit from following the low FODMAP diet to alleviate or minimize symptoms. Clinical studies and trials demonstrating the positive outcomes of the low FODMAP diet have been based on diet education provided by dietitians...
June 14, 2017: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592442/the-low-fodmap-diet-recent-advances-in-understanding-its-mechanisms-and-efficacy-in-ibs
#8
REVIEW
Heidi M Staudacher, Kevin Whelan
There is an intensifying interest in the interaction between diet and the functional GI symptoms experienced in IBS. Recent studies have used MRI to demonstrate that short-chain fermentable carbohydrates increase small intestinal water volume and colonic gas production that, in those with visceral hypersensitivity, induces functional GI symptoms. Dietary restriction of short-chain fermentable carbohydrates (the low fermentable oligosaccharide, disaccharide, monosaccharide and polyol (FODMAP) diet) is now increasingly used in the clinical setting...
June 7, 2017: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587774/is-a-low-fodmap-diet-beneficial-for-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review
#9
Yong-le Zhan, Yong-An Zhan, Shi-Xue Dai
BACKGROUND & AIMS: To assess the current evidence regarding the benefit of a low fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides, and polyol (FODMAP) diet in the treatment of patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). METHODS: Databases such as PubMed, Web of Science, Medline were comprehensively searched for relevant studies through January 2017. The pooled odds ratio (OR) and weighted mean difference (WMD) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to analyze the dichotomous variables (diarrhea response, abdominal pain and bloating, etc...
May 24, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567692/bioelectrical-impedance-vector-analysis-in-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome-on-a-low-fodmap-diet-a-pilot-study
#10
M Bellini, D Gambaccini, L Bazzichi, G Bassotti, M G Mumolo, B Fani, F Costa, A Ricchiuti, N De Bortoli, M Mosca, S Marchi, A Rossi
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the effects of a low fermentable oligo-, di- and monosaccharides and polyols (FODMAP) diet on the nutritional status and body composition, abdominal symptoms, quality of life, anxiety/depression and sleep quality of patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). METHODS: Consecutive patients were given a low FODMAP diet for 8 weeks. At baseline and after 8 weeks, blood tests were taken to evaluate nutritional status and a bioelectrical impedance analysis was performed to assess body composition...
May 31, 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566897/low-fodmap-diet-reduces-irritable-bowel-symptoms-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#11
Natalia Pedersen, Dorit Vedel Ankersen, Maria Felding, Henrik Wachmann, Zsuzsanna Végh, Line Molzen, Johan Burisch, Jens Rikardt Andersen, Pia Munkholm
AIM: To investigate the effect of a low-FODMAP diet on irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)-like symptoms in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). METHODS: This was a randomised controlled open-label trial of patients with IBD in remission or with mild-to-moderate disease and coexisting IBS-like symptoms (Rome III) randomly assigned to a Low-FODMAP diet (LFD) or a normal diet (ND) for 6 wk between June 2012 and December 2013. Patients completed the IBS symptom severity system (IBS-SSS) and short IBD quality of life questionnaire (SIBDQ) at weeks 0 and 6...
May 14, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545589/gastrointestinal-tolerance-of-low-fodmap-oral-nutrition-supplements-in-healthy-human-subjects-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Jennifer Erickson, Renee Korczak, Qi Wang, Joanne Slavin
BACKGROUND: There has been increasing interest in utilizing a diet low in fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides and polyols (FODMAPs) for the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), a functional gastrointestinal disease. While studies have indicated that this diet can be effective at symptom reduction, it is a restrictive diet and patients may find it challenging to find low FODMAP products to meet their nutrient needs. The primary objective of this study was to assess the gastrointestinal (GI) tolerance of three low FODMAP oral nutrition supplements (ONS) in healthy adults...
May 25, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525543/fermentable-carbohydrates-fodmaps-exacerbate-functional-gastrointestinal-symptoms-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-cross-over-re-challenge-trial
#13
Selina R Cox, Alexis C Prince, Clio E Myers, Peter M Irving, James O Lindsay, Miranda C Lomer, Kevin Whelan
Background and Aims: Preliminary evidence suggests fermentable carbohydrate restriction might ameliorate functional gastrointestinal symptoms (FGS) in quiescent inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Our aim was to determine whether fermentable carbohydrates exacerbate FGS in quiescent IBD using a randomised, double-blinded, placebo-controlled, cross-over, re-challenge trial. Methods: Patients with quiescent IBD and FGS responsive to a low FODMAP diet were allocated to a series of 3-day fermentable carbohydrate challenges in random order (fructan, 12 g/d; galacto-oligosaccharides, GOS, 6 g/d; sorbitol, 6 g/d; and glucose placebo, 12 g/d), each separated by a standardised washout period...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462704/the-role-of-dietary-approach-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#14
Piero Portincasa, Antony Lembo, Ornella De Bari, Domenica M Di Palo, Anna Maggio, Ilaria Cataldo, Giuseppe Calamita
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a chronic functional disorder of the gastrointestinal tract and is one of the most frequent gastrointestinal diseases. In IBS multiple pathophysiological mechanisms including alterations in intestinal motility, permeability, nutrient absorption, and intestinal microbiota have been implicated. Foods are commonly reported by patients to be a trigger of symptoms and therefore are likely involved in the generation of symptoms in IBS. Among all possible therapeutic options, a first-line approach to IBS is dietary education and identification of foods potentially responsible for the onset or worsening of symptoms...
April 27, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445436/irritable-bowel-syndrome-clinical-manifestations-dietary-influences-and-management
#15
REVIEW
Ronald Ikechi, Bradford D Fischer, Joshua DeSipio, Sangita Phadtare
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional gastrointestinal disorder that is characterized by symptoms of chronic abdominal pain and altered bowel habits in the absence of an overtly identifiable cause. It is the most commonly diagnosed functional gastrointestinal disorder, accounting for about one third of gastroenterology visits. It generally presents as a complex of symptoms, including psychological dysfunction. Hypersensitivity to certain foods, especially foods that contain high amounts of fructose, plays a role in the pathophysiology of IBS...
April 26, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440580/systematic-review-quality-of-trials-on-the-symptomatic-effects-of-the-low-fodmap-diet-for-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#16
REVIEW
L R Krogsgaard, M Lyngesen, P Bytzer
BACKGROUND: The low Fermentable Oligo-, Di- Monosaccharides, and Polyoles (FODMAP) diet is a new treatment option for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Experts refer to the diet as supported by high level of evidence, but an evaluation of the quality of trials is lacking. AIM: To provide a systematic review of the quality of trials on the symptomatic effects of the low FODMAP diet for IBS. METHODS: Pubmed and EMBASE were searched for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) reporting effect of the low FODMAP diet on IBS symptoms...
April 25, 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420945/controversies-and-recent-developments-of-the-low-fodmap-diet
#17
Peta Hill, Jane G Muir, Peter R Gibson
The low-fermentable oligo-, di-, and monosaccharide and polyol (FODMAP) diet is a 2-phased intervention, with strict reduction of all slowly absorbed or indigestible short-chain carbohydrates (ie, FODMAPs) followed by reintroduction of specific FODMAPs according to tolerance. The efficacy of the elimination phase of the FODMAP diet is well established, but the success of maintaining this diet has been shown in only a few observational studies. How the efficacy of the low-FODMAP diet compares with that of other therapies has received limited attention, but recent studies have shown this diet to be comparable or superior to diets that address eating style and choice of food as well as to gut hypnotherapy...
January 2017: Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416515/multivariate-modelling-of-faecal-bacterial-profiles-of-patients-with-ibs-predicts-responsiveness-to-a-diet-low-in-fodmaps
#18
Sean M P Bennet, Lena Böhn, Stine Störsrud, Therese Liljebo, Lena Collin, Perjohan Lindfors, Hans Törnblom, Lena Öhman, Magnus Simrén
OBJECTIVE: The effects of dietary interventions on gut bacteria are ambiguous. Following a previous intervention study, we aimed to determine how differing diets impact gut bacteria and if bacterial profiles predict intervention response. DESIGN: Sixty-seven patients with IBS were randomised to traditional IBS (n=34) or low fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides and polyols (FODMAPs) (n=33) diets for 4 weeks. Food intake was recorded for 4 days during screening and intervention...
April 17, 2017: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381835/low-fodmap-dietary-food-lists-are-often-discordant
#19
Ann R McMeans, Kristi L King, Bruno P Chumpitazi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370046/editorial-rethinking-predictors-of-response-to-the-low-fodmap-diet-should-we-retire-fructose-and-lactose-breath-hydrogen-testing-and-concentrate-on-visceral-hypersensitivity-authors-reply
#20
EDITORIAL
C H Wilder-Smith, S S Olesen, A Materna, A M Drewes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
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