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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913843/food-and-functional-dyspepsia-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
K R Duncanson, N J Talley, M M Walker, T L Burrows
BACKGROUND: Functional dyspepsia (FD) is a debilitating functional gastrointestinal disorder characterised by early satiety, post-prandial fullness or epigastric pain related to meals, which affects up to 20% of western populations. A high dietary fat intake has been linked to FD and duodenal eosinophilia has been noted in FD. We hypothesised that an allergen such as wheat is a risk factor for FD and that withdrawal will improve symptoms of FD. We aimed to investigate the relationship between food and functional dyspepsia...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891824/low-fodmap-a-preliminary-strategy-to-reduce-gastrointestinal-distress-in-athletes
#2
Dana M Lis, Trent Stellingwerff, Cecilia M Kitic, James W Fell, Kiran D K Ahuja
INTRODUCTION: Gastrointestinal (GI) distress in endurance athletes is prevalent and detrimental to performance. Adverse GI symptomatology can be analogous with irritable bowel syndrome, where fermentable oligosaccharide, disaccharide, monosaccharide and polyols (FODMAP) reduction has demonstrated efficacy. This study investigated the effects of low FODMAP (LFOD) diet on GI distress parameters in runners with a history of non-clinical exercise-associated GI symptoms. METHODS: Eleven recreationally competitive runners (5 males, 6 females; 5km personal best 23:00±4:02 min:sec) participated in the study...
September 7, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872467/irritable-bowel-syndrome-and-diet-where-are-we-in-2018
#3
Eirini Dimidi, Megan Rossi, Kevin Whelan
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim is to review the most recent advances in the evidence supporting the use of various dietary interventions for the management of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). RECENT FINDINGS: There is insufficient evidence of the effect of fibres other than psyllium in IBS, whereas the recent studies on prebiotics suggest a limited effect in IBS. Recent probiotic trials continue to provide varying results, with some probiotic strains exhibiting beneficial effects, whereas others show no effect...
September 1, 2017: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869377/saccharomyces-cerevisiae%C3%A2-and%C3%A2-kluyveromyces-marxianus%C3%A2-co-cultures-allow-to-reduce-fodmap-levels-in-whole-wheat-bread
#4
Nore Struyf, Jitka Laurent, Joran Verspreet, Kevin J Verstrepen, Christophe M Courtin
FODMAPs (Fermentable Oligo-, Di-, and Monosaccharides and Polyols) are small molecules that are poorly absorbed in the small intestine and rapidly fermented in the large intestine. There is evidence that a diet low in FODMAPs reduces abdominal symptoms in approx. 70% of the patients suffering from irritable bowel syndrome. Wheat contains relatively high fructan levels and is therefore a major source of FODMAPs in our diet. In this study, a yeast-based strategy was developed to reduce FODMAP levels in bread...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867793/diet-gut-microbiome-and-epigenetics-emerging-links-with-inflammatory-bowel-diseases-and-prospects-for-management-and-prevention
#5
REVIEW
Krasimira Aleksandrova, Beatriz Romero-Mosquera, Vicent Hernandez
Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) represent a growing public health concern due to increasing incidence worldwide. The current notion on the pathogenesis of IBD is that genetically susceptible individuals develop intolerance to dysregulated gut microflora (dysbiosis) and chronic inflammation develops as a result of environmental triggers. Among the environmental factors associated with IBD, diet plays an important role in modulating the gut microbiome, influencing epigenetic changes, and, therefore, could be applied as a therapeutic tool to improve the disease course...
August 30, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867269/easing-concerns-about-the-low-fodmap-diet-in-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#6
EDITORIAL
Peter R Gibson, Rebecca Burgell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846594/low-fodmap-diet-improves-irritable-bowel-syndrome-symptoms-a-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Emma Altobelli, Valerio Del Negro, Paolo Matteo Angeletti, Giovanni Latella
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) affects 7-15% of the general population. A recently devised dietary approach consists of restricting foods with highly fermentable oligo-, di-, and monosaccharides, and polyols (FODMAPs), which can trigger and/or exacerbate IBS symptoms. The aim of this study is to use meta-analysis to provide an update on the randomised control trials (RCTs) and cohort studies, and examine them separately in relation to diet type. Papers were selected using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) flowchart...
August 26, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826271/the-role-of-fermentable-carbohydrates-and-beverages-in-the-symptomatology-of-functional-gastrointestinal-disease
#8
Magnus Moding, Bodil Ohlsson
OBJECTIVES: The pathophysiology behind functional gastrointestinal disease (FGID) has not been defined, but an intestinal accumulation of fermentable short-chain carbohydrates (FODMAPs) is thought to be involved. A restricted coffee intake is recommended. The aim was to investigate if symptoms of FGID were associated with intake of certain foods (including FODMAPs), as well as beverages (including coffee and tea). METHOD AND MATERIALS: Data were used from participants, age range 45-75 years, who had answered the EpiHealth questionnaire about their background factors, health status and intake of food and beverages...
August 21, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809383/increasing-symptoms-in-irritable-bowel-symptoms-with-ingestion-of-galacto-oligosaccharides-are-mitigated-by-%C3%AE-galactosidase-treatment
#9
C J Tuck, K M Taylor, P R Gibson, J S Barrett, J G Muir
OBJECTIVES: Galacto-oligosaccharides (GOS) are dietary FODMAPs (fermentable carbohydrates) associated with triggering gastrointestinal symptoms in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, cross-over trial aimed to assess whether oral α-galactosidase co-ingestion with foods high in GOS and low in other FODMAPs would reduce symptoms. METHODS: Patients meeting the Rome III criteria for IBS who were hydrogen-producers on breath testing were recruited...
August 15, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806407/low-fermentable-oligosaccharides-disaccharides-monosaccharides-and-polyols-fodmap-diet-improves-symptoms-in-adults-suffering-from-irritable-bowel-syndrome-ibs-compared-to-standard-ibs-diet-a-meta-analysis-of-clinical-studies
#10
Péter Varjú, Nelli Farkas, Péter Hegyi, András Garami, Imre Szabó, Anita Illés, Margit Solymár, Áron Vincze, Márta Balaskó, Gabriella Pár, Judit Bajor, Ákos Szűcs, Orsolya Huszár, Dániel Pécsi, József Czimmer
BACKGROUND: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and functional digestive tract disorders, e.g. functional bloating, carbohydrate maldigestion and intolerances, are very common disorders frequently causing significant symptoms that challenge health care systems. A low Fermentable Oligosaccharides, Disaccharides, Monosaccharides and Polyols (FODMAP) diet is one of the possible therapeutic approaches for decreasing abdominal symptoms and improving quality of life. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to meta-analyze data on the therapeutic effect of a low-FODMAP diet on symptoms of IBS and quality of life and compare its effectiveness to a regular, standard IBS diet with high FODMAP content, using a common scoring system, the IBS Symptom Severity Score (IBS-SSS)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799291/inaccuracy-of-patient-reported-descriptions-of-and-satisfaction-with-bowel-actions-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#11
E P Halmos, J R Biesiekierski, E D Newnham, R E Burgell, J G Muir, P R Gibson
BACKGROUND: Perception of diarrhea and constipation differs greatly. This study aimed to correlate subjective and objective assessment of fecal characteristics in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) patients. METHODS: Data from two interventional dietary trials with varying FODMAP (Fermentable Oligosaccharides, Disaccharides, Monosaccharides And Polyols) or gluten content were interrogated. Subjects rated their dissatisfaction with stool consistency daily using a visual analog scale during the interventions...
August 10, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768297/whats-app-ening-the-help-of-new-technologies-in-nutrition-in-digestive-diseases
#12
Dorit V Ankersen, Petra Weimers, Johan Burisch
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this study is to review the basic concepts of electronic health (eHealth), with a focus on its nutritional applications and its usefulness for digestive diseases. RECENT FINDINGS: eHealth applications for the treatment and monitoring of digestive disease are growing in number. ehealth helps patients in coping with their disease by promoting self-management, which increases adherence to medical treatment and diets, and leads to an improved quality of life...
September 2017: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762592/effect-of-intragastric-fodmap-infusion-on-upper-gastrointestinal-motility-gastrointestinal-and-psychological-symptoms-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome-vs-healthy-controls
#13
I Masuy, L Van Oudenhove, J Tack, J R Biesiekierski
BACKGROUND: The low fermentable oligo-, di-, mono-saccharides and polyol (FODMAP) diet is a treatment strategy to reduce symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Acute effects of FODMAPs on upper gastrointestinal motility are incompletely understood. Our objectives were to assess the acute effects of intragastric FODMAP infusions on upper gastrointestinal motility and gastrointestinal and psychological symptoms in healthy controls (HC) and IBS patients. METHODS: A high-resolution solid-state manometry probe and an infusion tube were positioned into the stomach...
August 1, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740352/long-term-irritable-bowel-syndrome-symptom-control-with-reintroduction-of-selected-fodmaps
#14
Ruth M Harvie, Alexandra W Chisholm, Jordan E Bisanz, Jeremy P Burton, Peter Herbison, Kim Schultz, Michael Schultz
AIM: To investigate the long-term effect of dietary education on a low fermentable oligosaccharide, disaccharide and polyol (FODMAP) diet on irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) symptoms and quality of life (QoL). METHODS: Participants with IBS (Rome III) were randomized to two groups. Group I commenced a low FODMAP diet at baseline. At three months, group II, so far a comparator group, crossed over to a low FODMAP diet while group I started re-challenging foods. All patients completed the IBS SSS (IBS symptom severity scoring system, 0-500 points increasing with severity), IBS QoL questionnaire (0-100 increasing with QoL), a FODMAP specific food frequency questionnaire and provided a stool sample at baseline, three and six months for microbiome analysis...
July 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737477/changes-in-duodenal-enteroendocrine-cells-in-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome-following-dietary-guidance
#15
Tarek Mazzawi, Magdy El-Salhy
The densities of enteroendocrine cells are abnormal in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS); however, they tend to change toward normal levels in stomach, ileum, and colon following dietary guidance. The aim was to identify the types of duodenal enteroendocrine cells affected after receiving dietary guidance in the same group of patients with IBS. Fourteen patients with IBS and 14 control subjects were included. The patients received three sessions of dietary guidance. Both groups underwent gastroscopies at baseline, and again for the patients after 3-9 months (median, four months) from receiving dietary guidance...
July 2017: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729815/symposium-report-an-evidence-based-approach-to-ibs-and-cic-applying-new-advances-to-daily-practice-a-review-of-an-adjunct-clinical-symposium-of-the-american-college-of-gastroenterology-meeting-october-16-2016-%C3%A2-las-vegas-nevada
#16
William D Chey
Many nonpharmacologic and pharmacologic therapies are available to manage irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and chronic idiopathic constipation (CIC). The American College of Gastroenterology (ACG) regularly publishes reviews on IBS and CIC therapies. The most recent of these reviews was published by the ACG Task Force on the Management of Functional Bowel Disorders in 2014. The key objective of this review was to evaluate the efficacy of therapies for IBS or CIC compared with placebo or no treatment in randomized controlled trials...
February 2017: Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721345/effects-of-a-low-fodmap-diet-and-specific-carbohydrate-diet-on-symptoms-and-nutritional-adequacy-of-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome-preliminary-results-of-a-single-blinded-randomized-trial
#17
Massimo Vincenzi, Irene Del Ciondolo, Elisa Pasquini, Katia Gennai, Barbara Paolini
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: IBS is the most common functional disease of the low gastrointestinal tract. Recently, the interest towards a diet approach has increased, for example, a diet with low content of fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides and polyols (FODMAPs). The aim of the present study is to evaluate the efficacy of a low FODMAP diet and a specific carbohydrate diet (SCD) conducted for 3 months on symptoms and to evaluate the deficiencies of vitamin D and folic acid in patients affected by IBS, matching the Rome IV criteria...
June 2017: Journal of Translational Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707437/long-term-impact-of-the-low-fodmap-diet-on-gastrointestinal-symptoms-dietary-intake-patient-acceptability-and-healthcare-utilization-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#18
M O'Keeffe, C Jansen, L Martin, M Williams, L Seamark, H M Staudacher, P M Irving, K Whelan, M C Lomer
BACKGROUND: The low-FODMAP diet is a frequently used treatment for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Most research has focused on short-term FODMAP restriction; however, guidelines recommend that high-FODMAP foods are reintroduced to individual tolerance. This study aimed to assess the long-term effectiveness of the low-FODMAP diet following FODMAP reintroduction in IBS patients. METHODS: Patients with IBS were prospectively recruited to a questionnaire study following completion of dietitian-led low-FODMAP education...
July 14, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702130/new-insights-in-ibs-like-disorders-pandora-s-box-has-been-opened-a-review
#19
REVIEW
Raffaele Borghini, Giuseppe Donato, Domenico Alvaro, Antonio Picarelli
The most complained gastrointestinal symptoms are chronic diarrhea, bloating and abdominal pain. Once malignancies and inflammatory bowel diseases are excluded, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and the so called "IBS-like disorders" should be taken into account. The relationship between IBS as defined by Rome IV criteria and these clinical conditions is sometimes obscure, since many IBS patients identify food as a possible trigger for their symptoms. Here, we discuss IBS and the most common IBS-like disorders (celiac disease, non-celiac gluten sensitivity, fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides and polyols (FODMAPs), lactose intolerance, small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO), α-amylase/trypsin inhibitor (ATIs), nickel allergic contact mucositis), focusing on epidemiologic, clinical, diagnostic and therapeutic aspects...
2017: Gastroenterology and Hepatology From Bed to Bench
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700090/dietary-practices-and-fodmaps-in-south-asia-applicability-of-the-low-fodmap-diet-to-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#20
REVIEW
Samapriya P Hewawasam, Marina Iacovou, Jane G Muir, Peter R Gibson
The low FODMAP diet has been described, evaluated and found efficacious for the treatment of patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) primarily in Western countries. The aim of this review was to address the applicability of this diet to South Asia. The high prevalence of IBS in South Asia and its associated effects of quality of life and economics warrants the introduction of efficacious therapies. The considerable heterogeneity of dietary patterns and methods of food preparation across South Asian countries and a paucity of food analysis limit precision in defining foods that are high or low in FODMAPs...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
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