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lung neoplasm

Simon Kocbek, Lawrence Cavedon, David Martinez, Christopher Bain, Chris Mac Manus, Gholamreza Haffari, Ingrid Zukerman, Karin Verspoor
OBJECTIVE: Text and data mining play an important role in obtaining insights from Health and Hospital Information Systems. This paper presents a text mining system for detecting admissions marked as positive for several diseases: Lung Cancer, Breast Cancer, Colon Cancer, Secondary Malignant Neoplasm of Respiratory and Digestive Organs, Multiple Myeloma and Malignant Plasma Cell Neoplasms, Pneumonia, and Pulmonary Embolism. We specifically examine the effect of linking multiple data sources on text classification performance...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
Anna Biernacka, Konstantinos D Linos, Peter A DeLong, Arief A Suriawinata, Vijayalakshmi Padmanabhan, Xiaoying Liu
When confronted with a metastatic poorly differentiated tumor of unknown origin, the initial workup includes the standard panel of immunostains to rule out carcinoma, sarcoma, lymphoma, and the greatest mimicker in pathology - malignant melanoma. Although not specific, the S-100 protein is expressed in over 95% of malignant melanomas. Herein, we present a case of multiorgan metastatic malignancy with a dominant hilar and mediastinal mass in a current smoker; clinically, highly suggestive of widespread primary lung cancer...
2016: CytoJournal
Cristian M Suárez-Santana, Carolina Fernández-Maldonado, Josué Díaz-Delgado, Manuel Arbelo, Alejandro Suárez-Bonnet, Antonio Espinosa de Los Monteros, Nakita Câmara, Eva Sierra, Antonio Fernández
BACKGROUND: Lung cancer is the most commonly diagnosed neoplasm in humans, however this does not apply to other animal species. Living in an aquatic environment the respiratory system of cetaceans had to undergo unique adaptations in order to them to survive and cope with totally different respiratory pathogens and potentially carcinogens from those affecting humans. CASE PRESENTATION: This article discusses not only macroscopical, histopathological and immunohistochemical features of a pulmonary carcinoma with disseminated metastases in a long-finned pilot whale (Globicephala melas), as well as the immunohistochemical analysis performed on various tissues of cetaceans belonging to the genus Globicephala...
October 11, 2016: BMC Veterinary Research
Monica Cipollini, Stefano Landi, Federica Gemignani
BACKGROUND: Non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is an aggressive neoplasm with a poor survival and novel therapies are urgently needed. The study of deregulated micro-RNAs (dereg-miRs) could constitute a strategy helping to detect specific genes playing a relevant role in the disease. Thus, the oncoproteins encoded by these genes could be exploited as novel therapeutic targets to be inhibited by small molecules, aptamers, or monoclonal antibodies. METHODS: The present review is focused on candidate genes having convincing biological evidences to be both bona fide targets for dereg-miRs and playing a role in NSCLC progression...
October 6, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
Yaxia Zhang, Michael Joyce, Jean Schils, Thomas W Bauer
Sarcoidosis is a systemic inflammatory disorder characterized by non-caseating granulomas, predominantly involving lung, mediastinal lymph nodes and other organs. Synovium involvement is infrequent, and as far as we know, involvement of a periprosthetic membrane has not been reported in the English literature. Intra-articular diffuse tenosynovial giant cell tumor ("conventional diffuse pigmented villonodular synovitis") is an uncommon, locally aggressive neoplasm with few previous case reports in which it arose in periprosthetic tissues after knee arthroplasty...
October 7, 2016: Skeletal Radiology
Maurie Markman, Kim Kramer, Ricardo H Alvarez, Glen J Weiss, Eugene Ahn, George William Daneker
It is increasingly recognized that cancer is a highly heterogeneous group of illnesses even within a particular organ site (e.g., breast, lung, colon, etc.). This observation presents a serious challenge to the traditional concept of phase 3 randomized trials designed to define therapeutic efficacy of a novel treatment strategy. For while 10% of the patients with a common malignancy (e.g., non-small-cell lung cancer) may be sufficient to consider such an effort, enrolling a sufficient number of patients into a clinical trial in a timely manner to define clinical utility would be extremely difficult if the population in question represented only 1% of this population, and essentially impossible if one wished to explore the benefits of treatment in a rarer neoplasm (e...
October 6, 2016: Oncology
Jeffrey L Levin, Alina Rouk, Sara Shepherd, George A Hurst, Jerry W McLarty
The Tyler asbestos plant produced pipe insulation from 1954 to 1972 and exclusively used amosite asbestos. There were 1130 former workers of this plant during the period of operation. A death certificate mortality analysis was published regarding this plant in 1998 for the period through 1993. This study represents an update of the mortality analysis with additional certificates collected for deaths occurring through 2011.Searches of the National Death Index database were conducted in 2004 and again in 2013...
2016: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part B, Critical Reviews
Reza Shekarriz-Foumani, Faezeh Khodaie
CONTEXT: Breast cancer has been considered as one of the most common types of cancer among the women worldwide, and patients with breast neoplasms have been reported with high prevalence of low serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels. OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to evaluate the correlation of plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D deficiency with breast neoplasms risk among women. DATA SOURCES: PubMed database was searched with MeSH (medical subject headings) keywords "vitamin D AND breast neoplasms" which was restricted by original articles written only in English and published from January 1, 2014...
June 2016: Iranian Journal of Cancer Prevention
Mohammed T Lilo, Derek Allison, Yuting Wang, MingHui Ao, Edward Gabrielson, Susan Geddes, Hui Zhang, Frederic Askin, Qing Kay Li
BACKGROUND: Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy of lung lesions is a highly accurate method for diagnosing and staging of lung cancers, particularly in patients with advanced cancer. Although, the majority of FNA cases of non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) can be subclassified by hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) sections, immunohistochemical (IHC) markers are usually necessary for difficult cases. Our previous study has shown that both P40 and P63 demonstrate differential sensitivity and specificity in the subclassification of squamous cell carcinoma (SqCC) using tumor tissue microarrays (TMA)...
May 2016: J Am Soc Cytopathol
Ranran Zhang, Heather Hardin, Wei Huang, Jidong Chen, Sofia Asioli, Alberto Righi, Francesca Maletta, Anna Sapino, Ricardo V Lloyd
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are important for transcription and for epigenetic or posttranscriptional regulation of gene expression and may contribute to carcinogenesis. Metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (MALAT1), an lncRNA involved in the regulation of the cell cycle, cell proliferation, and cell migration, is known to be deregulated in multiple cancers. Here, we analyzed the expression of MALAT1 on 195 cases of benign and malignant thyroid neoplasms by using tissue microarrays for RNA in situ hybridization (ISH) and real-time PCR...
September 30, 2016: Endocrine Pathology
Katarzyna Zabłocka-Słowińska, Irena Porębska, Marcin Gołecki, Monika Kosacka, Konrad Pawełczyk, Lilla Pawlik-Sobecka, Katarzyna Zarębska, Halina Grajeta
AIM OF THE STUDY: Decreased total antioxidant capacity (TAC) has been reported in different neoplasms, including lung cancer. However, no study concerning the relationship between endogenous antioxidants, lifestyle factors, and TAC has been conducted among lung cancer patients. The purpose of the study was to investigate the associations between endogenous antioxidants, severity of disease, lifestyle factors, and TAC in lung cancer patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted among 59 lung cancer patients...
2016: Contemporary Oncology Współczesna Onkologia
Dimitrios Kaldrymidis, Georgios Papadakis, Georgios Tsakonas, Philippos Kaldrymidis, Theofanis Flaskas, Andreas Seretis, Eleni Pantazi, Ifigenia Kostoglou-Athanassiou, Melpomeni Peppa, Paraskevi Roussou, Evanthia Diamanti-Kandarakis
PURPOSE: Several studies have suggested that patients with acromegaly have an increased risk of thyroid, colorectal, breast and prostate cancers. In this study we determined the prevalence of malignant neoplasms in patients with acromegaly. METHODS: Cancer risk was evaluated in a cohort of 110 patients (M/F 48/62, age 58.63±13.8 years, range 30-86) with acromegaly. Mean age at diagnosis of acromegaly was 46.37±13.11 years. Mean period of time since diagnosis of acromegaly was 12...
July 2016: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
Jerome B Taxy, William E Gibson, Michael W Kaufman
Echinococcus is the smallest of the major tapeworms. Humans are incidental hosts who become infected by exposure to soil contaminated with ova from the feces of the canine definitive hosts. The major species are E. granulosus (cystic echinococcosis) and E. multilocularis (alveolar or sylvatic echinococcosis), both common worldwide but unusual and not reportable in the United States. Human disease is characterized by slowly growing visceral cystic masses often containing daughter cysts and hydatid sand. In nonendemic areas, the clinical evaluation includes imaging, serology, and surgery; metastatic tumor is a major consideration...
September 26, 2016: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
Xin Zhang, Yiwen Zhang, Hailing Tang, Jianxing He
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene copy number has been proposed as a candidate biomarker for predicting treatment response to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) in patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). MEDLINE, PubMed, Cochrane, and Google Scholar databases were searched until October 21, 2015 using the following search terms: lung neoplasms/lung cancer/non-small cell lung cancer/NSCLC, EGFR, gene amplification, copy number, erlotinib, gefitinib, tyrosine-kinase inhibitor/TKI, predictor...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Investigative Medicine: the Official Publication of the American Federation for Clinical Research
Stergios Boussios, Ioannis Zerdes, Ourania Batsi, Vasilios P Papakostas, Esmeralda Seraj, George Pentheroudakis, George K Glantzounis
INTRODUCTION: Pancreatic metastases are uncommon and only found in a minority of patients with widespread metastatic disease at autopsy. The most common primary cancer site resulting in pancreatic metastases is the kidney, followed by colorectal cancer, melanoma, breast cancer, lung carcinoma and sarcoma. PRESENTATION OF CASE: Herein, we report a 63-year-old male patient who presented -3.5 years after radical nephrectomy performed for renal cell carcinoma (RCC)-with a well-defined lobular, round mass at the body of the pancreas demonstrated by abdominal Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Ashley Ramirez, Bo Liu, Baiywo Rop, Michelle Edison, Michael Valente, Jeremy Burt
Paget's disease of the bone, historically known as osteitis deformans, is an uncommon disease typically affecting individuals of European descent. Patients with Paget's disease of the bone are at increased risk for primary bone neoplasms, particularly osteosarcoma. Many cases of metastatic disease to pagetic bone have been reported. However, renal cell carcinoma metastasized to pagetic bone is extremely rare. A 94-year-old male presented to the emergency department complaining of abdominal pain. A computed tomography scan of the abdomen demonstrated a large mass in the right kidney compatible with renal cell carcinoma...
2016: Curēus
Derek A Escalante, He Wang, Christopher E Fundakowski
Fusion proteins resulting from chromosomal rearrangements are known to drive the pathogenesis of a variety of hematological and solid neoplasms such as chronic myeloid leukemia and non-small-cell lung cancer. Efforts to elucidate the role they play in these malignancies have led to important diagnostic and therapeutic triumphs, including the famous development of the tyrosine kinase inhibitor dasatinib targeting the BCR-ABL fusion. Until recently, there has been a paucity of research investigating fusion proteins harbored by head and neck neoplasms...
August 15, 2016: Cancer Biology & Therapy
Nicola Fazio, Massimo Milione
Gastroenteropancreatic (GEP) neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs) are currently classified as grade (G) 1, G2 and G3, in accordance with the 2010 WHO classification. G1 and G2 are named neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) whereas G3 neuroendocrine carcinomas (NECs). While advanced G1 and G2 are usually treated with several different therapies, including somatostatin analogs, chemotherapy, interferon, molecular targeted agents, peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) and liver-directed treatments, advanced G3 NECs are usually treated with a platinum-etoposide chemotherapy, trusting their clinical homogeneity is similar to that of small cell lung cancer...
August 28, 2016: Cancer Treatment Reviews
David Altree-Tacha, Jillian Tyrrell, Faqian Li
Context .- High-grade neuroendocrine carcinomas and carcinoids can arise in different sites such as lung, gastrointestinal tract, prostate, and skin. Classic neuroendocrine markers such as CD56, synaptophysin, and chromogranin cannot distinguish carcinoids from high-grade neuroendocrine carcinomas. Recently, mouse monoclonal mASH1 has been shown to help discriminate carcinoids from high-grade neuroendocrine carcinomas in various neoplastic sites. To date, there have been no comprehensive immunohistochemistry studies with mASH1 on nonneuroendocrine neoplasms...
September 15, 2016: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
Weigang Zhao, Wentao Fang
Thymoma is an epithelial neoplasm of the thymus. It commonly lies in the anterior mediastinum and represents 20-30% of mediastinal tumours in adults. In this report we present a case of giant thymoma locating in the anterior-inferior mediastinum. A 46-year-old male came to our institute with slight pectoralgia and dyspnea. Chest CT shows a giant tumor measuring 19 cm × 16 cm × 15 cm in the left thoracic cavity. After careful examination, we performed surgery. At surgery, we found the tumor was adherent to left upper lobe of the lung, mediastinal pleura, and parietal pleural...
August 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
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