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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436378/outcomes-of-corpectomy-in-patients-with-metastatic-cancer
#1
Grzegorz Guzik
BACKGROUND: The objective of surgical management of spinal metastases is to reduce pain and improve the patient's quality of life. The operation should restore spinal stability and decompress neural structures. One surgical technique is corpectomy followed by vertebral body reconstruction and stabilisation of the spine. The procedure may be performed in patients in overall good health and a good survival prognosis. The aim of this paper is to present the outcomes of surgical management of spinal metastases in patients who underwent corpectomy followed by vertebral body reconstruction and stabilisation of the spine...
January 26, 2017: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428908/metastatic-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-colon-from-esophageal-cancer
#2
Natasha Garg, Constance Stoehr, Yan Shi Zhao, Heather Rojas, Chung-Tsen Hsueh
BACKGROUND: Esophageal cancer including squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and adenocarcinoma represents 4% of all cancers in the United States. Patients with esophageal cancer frequently present with locally advanced disease, and about 40% of patients have evidence of metastatic disease on presentation. Common sites of metastasis include liver, lung and bone. Here, we present a rare case of colonic metastasis from primary esophageal SCC. CASE PRESENTATION: A 60-year-old Caucasian male with a history of 20-pack-year cigarette smoking received surgery and adjuvant chemoradiotherapy for locally advanced SCC of larynx...
2017: Experimental Hematology & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426743/acute-kidney-injury-can-predict-in-hospital-and-long-term-mortality-in-elderly-patients-undergoing-hip-fracture-surgery
#3
Seong Eun Hong, Tae-Young Kim, Je-Hyun Yoo, Jwa-Kyung Kim, Sung Gyun Kim, Hyung Jik Kim, Young Rim Song
BACKGROUND: Hip fracture is a common health problem in the elderly that is associated with increased mortality. Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a frequent complication in elderly patients undergoing surgery and is associated with the clinical outcome. We evaluated the incidence and risk factors of AKI in elderly patients undergoing hip fracture surgery and the impact of AKI on short- and long-term clinical outcomes. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of 450 elderly patients who underwent hip fracture surgery between January 2010 and December 2012...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425750/modeling-alloantibody-formation-to-high-incidence-red-blood-cell-antigens-in-immune-responders-using-genotypic-data
#4
Patricia A R Brunker, Keerthana Ravindran, R S Shirey
Alloimmunization to red blood cell antigens is unpredictable and poorly understood. Patients who are negative for high-incidence antigens (HIAs) are at risk for developing the corresponding antibodies. Molecular methods can easily predict the lack of an antigen and thus, the risk of an individual to become immunized. We examined the prevalence and risk factors for HIA alloimmunization in patients at risk based on genotyping results. Genotyping using a molecular method (HEA BeadChip™, Immucor, Warren, NJ) was performed on all patient specimens referred for molecular testing over 45 months; serologic and clinical data were analyzed...
January 2017: Immunohematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417347/-serological-markers-of-viral-hepatitis-b-and-c-in-children-with-sickle-cell-disease-monitored-in-the-pediatrics-department-at-the-university-hospital-of-bobo-dioulasso-burkina-faso
#5
S A Kissou, M Koura, A Sawadogo, A-S Ouédraogo, H Traoré, E Kamboulé, W W F Zogona, B Nacro
Viral hepatitis B and C are universal public health problems. Burkina Faso is a high endemic area for hepatitis B. Patients with sickle cell disease are at risk. The aim of this study was to investigate and quantify the serological markers of viral hepatitis B and C among pediatric patients with sickle cell disease. This was a descriptive cross-sectional study, which took place from July to November 2014 at the Department of Pediatrics, University Hospital of Bobo- Dioulasso. The study included 44 SS and 26 SC sickle cell patients...
April 17, 2017: Bulletin de la Société de Pathologie Exotique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412826/prevalence-of-human-t-lymphotropic-virus-type-1-htlv-1-infection-in-patients-with-hematologic-disorders-and-non-hematologic-malignancies-in-a-tertiary-referral-hospital
#6
Hasan Jalaeikhoo, Mosayeb Soleymani, Mohsen Rajaeinejad, Manoutchehr Keyhani
BACKGROUND: Human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) was the first retrovirus identified in human. The current evidence is quite scarce regarding the potential role of HTLV-1 in pathogenesis of hematologic disorders and non-hematologic malignancies. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to evaluate the prevalence of HTLV-1 infection in patients with hematologic disorders and non-hematologic malignancies. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 505 cases of definite diagnosis of hematologic disorders including malignancies as well as non-malignant disorders such as polycythemia and myelofibrosis and non-hematologic malignancies referred to the hematology and medical oncology ward at Army Hospital 501 from January 2015 to January 2016...
April 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394747/risk-and-protective-factors-associated-with-surgical-infections-among-spine-patients
#7
REVIEW
Alyssa G Blood, Melanie F Sandoval, Evalina Burger, Katherine Halverson-Carpenter
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to identify patient-specific and procedure-specific risk and protective factors associated with post-operative surgical site infections (SSIs) among surgical spine patients. METHODS: CINAHL, PubMed, Ovid, Medline, and EBSCO databases were searched for articles within the past 10 years (January 2003-March 2015). The keywords and combinations used in the search included: Spine surgery, post-operative infection, risk factors, orthopedic infections...
April 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394029/hepatitis-e-in-canadian-blood-donors
#8
Margaret A Fearon, Sheila F O'Brien, Gilles Delage, Vito Scalia, France Bernier, Mark Bigham, Steven Weger, Sneha Prabhu, Anton Andonov
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is a virus of emerging importance to transfusion medicine as studies on blood donors and other populations demonstrate that the prevalence of endemic cases is higher than previously recognized and the risk to vulnerable transfusion recipients is not insignificant. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: We carried out an HEV prevalence study on 13,993 Canadian blood donors with polymerase chain reaction (PCR) testing on all donors and antibody testing on a subset of 4102 donors...
April 10, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373257/prevalence-and-influencing-factors-of-hepatitis-b-among-a-rural-residential-population-in-zhejiang-province-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Shigui Yang, Cheng Ding, Yuanxia Cui, Jie Wu, Chengbo Yu, Ping Chen, Kaijin Xu, Min Deng, Yiping Li, Juanjuan Liu, Pei Yin, Wen Ren, Yan Qiu, Qing Cao, Yuqing Zhou, Jun Yao, Bing Ruan, Jingjing Ren, Lanjuan Li
OBJECTIVES: To reveal the prevalence and associated influencing factors of hepatitis B among a rural residential population in Zhejiang, China, in order to help develop specific control strategies. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study among a rural residential population in Zhejiang, China. Stratified multistage cluster sampling was utilised in five districts; a structured questionnaire was used to collect the information such as age, gender, education, occupation, living status, and other health related information of the participants by trained local staff; and the hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection status of the participants was determined by the chemiluminescence immunoassay test...
April 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372457/meckel%C3%A2-s-diverticulum-bleeding-detected-by-capsule-endoscopy
#10
José Francisco Juanmartiñena Fernández, Iñaki Fernández-Urién Sainz, Cristina Saldaña Dueñas, Rosa Iglesias Picazo
A 28-year-old man diagnosed with Charge syndrome and no history of NSAIDs ingestion was referred due to the presentation in the previous 24 h of melenic stools with a negative upper endoscopy. Physical examination was unremarkable, although laboratory tests showed anemia. On the second day, significant painless rectal bleeding and the decrease of hematocrit levels responding to blood transfusion were observed, so colonoscopy was recommended but completely rejected by the patient. Therefore, capsule endoscopy was performed, identifying a saccular image in the terminal ileum suggestive of a Meckel's diverticulum...
April 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369969/a-rare-potentially-life-threatening-presentation-of-passenger-lymphocyte-syndrome
#11
Thomas J Gniadek, Andrea M McGonigle, R Sue Shirey, Patricia A Brunker, Michael Streiff, Benjamin Philosophe, Evan M Bloch, Paul M Ness, Karen E King
BACKGROUND: Passenger lymphocyte syndrome occurs when donor lymphocytes are transplanted with a solid organ and produce alloantibodies that react with antigens on the recipient's red blood cells (RBCs). Typically, passenger lymphocyte syndrome presents as immunoglobulin G antibody-mediated, extravascular hemolytic anemia with reticulocytosis. Often, the donor was alloimmunized before transplantation. CASE REPORT: A 34-year-old Group O, D+ man with a negative antibody screen received a liver transplant from a Group O, D- donor...
May 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362027/ludwik-bierkowski-and-the-early-days-of-general-anaesthesia-in-the-polish-soil-in-february-1847
#12
Ryszard W Gryglewski
Ludwik Bierkowski belonged to the elite of surgeons of the first half of the 19th century. Educated in an excellent German university, Bierkowski had in-depth and comprehensive knowledge, a wide range of practical skills and was continuously eager to search for new solutions. He introduced cotton wool for wound dressings, experimentally determined the conditions of blood transfusions and published two outstanding anatomo-surgical atlases, which ranks him among the leading physicians of those days. Moreover, he was the first to use ether for effective general anaesthesia in the Polish lands, the procedure that changed the course of the history of medicine...
2017: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341442/risk-factors-for-postoperative-delirium-after-colorectal-operation
#13
Frederik J van der Sluis, Pieter L Buisman, Mark Meerdink, Wouter B Aan de Stegge, Boudewijn van Etten, Geertruida H de Bock, Barbara L van Leeuwen, Robert A Pol
BACKGROUND: A clear understanding of risk factors for postoperative delirium helps in the selection of individuals who might benefit from targeted perioperative intervention. The aim of this study was to identify risk factors for postoperative delirium after colorectal operation for malignancy. METHODS: All consecutive patients who underwent elective or emergency operation because of malignancy of the colon, sigmoid, or rectum between 2009 and 2012 were included in this study...
March 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334798/risk-factors-for-postoperative-delirium-in-patients-undergoing-major-head-and-neck-cancer-surgery-a-meta-analysis
#14
Yun Zhu, Gangpu Wang, Shengwen Liu, Shanghui Zhou, Ying Lian, Chenping Zhang, Wenjun Yang
Objective: Postoperative delirium is common after extensive surgery. This study aimed to collate and synthesize published literature on risk factors for delirium in patients with head and neck cancer surgery. Methods: Three databases were searched (MEDLINE, Embase, and Cochrane Library) between January 1987 and July 2016. The Newcastle Ottawa Scale (NOS) was adopted to evaluate the study quality. Pooled odds ratios or mean differences for individual risk factors were estimated using the Mantel-Haenszel and inverse-variance methods...
February 24, 2017: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331300/dementia-and-delirium-the-outcomes-in-elderly-hip-fracture-patients
#15
Christina A Mosk, Marnix Mus, Jos Pam Vroemen, Tjeerd van der Ploeg, Dagmar I Vos, Leon Hgj Elmans, Lijckle van der Laan
BACKGROUND: Delirium in hip fractured patients is a frequent complication. Dementia is an important risk factor for delirium and is common in frail elderly. This study aimed to extend the previous knowledge on risk factors for delirium and the consequences. Special attention was given to patients with dementia and delirium. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study performed in the Amphia Hospital, Breda, the Netherlands. A full electronic patient file system (Hyperspace Version IU4: Epic, Inc...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328857/ivc-filters-trends-in-placement-and-indications-a-study-of-2-populations
#16
Mahek Shah, Talal Alnabelsi, Shantanu Patil, Shilpa Reddy, Brijesh Patel, Marvin Lu, Aditya Chandorkar, Apostholos Perelas, Shilpkumar Arora, Nilay Patel, Larry Jacobs, Glenn G Eiger
Inferior vena cava filter (IVCF) placement appears to be expanding over time despite absence of clear directing evidence.Two populations were studied. The first population included patients who received an IVCF between January 2005 and August 2013 at our community hospital center. Demographic information, indications for placement, and retrieval rate was recorded among other variables. The second population comprised of patients receiving an IVCF from 2005 to 2012 according to the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) using ICD-9CM coding...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316963/the-results-of-proximal-femoral-nail-for-intertrochanteric-fracture-in-hemodialysis-patient
#17
Kyung Sub Song, Sang Phil Yoon, Su Keon Lee, Seung Hwan Lee, Bong Seok Yang, Byeong Mun Park, Ick Hwan Yang, Beom Seok Lee, Ji Ung Yeom
PURPOSE: Hip fractures in hemodialysis patients are accompanied by high rates of complications and morbidities. Previous studies have mainly reported on nonunion and avascular necrosis of femoral neck fractures in this patient group. In this study the complication and clinical results of hemodialysis patients with intertrochanteric fractures treated with proximal femoral intramedullary nailing have been investigated through comparison with patients with normal kidney function. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-seven patients were included; the hemodialysis group (n=17) and the control group with normal kidney function (n=30)...
March 2017: Hip & Pelvis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316442/alloimmunization-in-autoimmune-hemolytic-anemia-patient-the-differential-adsorption-approach
#18
Ravi C Dara, Aseem Kumar Tiwari, Dinesh Arora, Subhasis Mitra, Devi Prasad Acharya, Geet Aggarwal, Jyoti Sharma
Patients of β-thalassemia major are dependent on regular blood transfusions for their entire lifetime. Development of antibodies against red blood cell (RBC) antigen which may be alloantibody or autoantibody, several times as a result of frequent red cell component transfusions, further complicates the subsequent transfusion therapy. Among the autoantibodies, warm-reactive autoantibodies are commoner and interfere in the pretransfusion testing. These RBC autoantibodies present in patient's serum potentially react with all the cells of antibody identification panel giving "pan-reactive" picture and making alloantibody identification complex...
January 2017: Asian Journal of Transfusion Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306708/linking-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-to-pre-1994-blood-transfusions-in-female-patients
#19
Christian Ramos Flores, Ernesto Echeagaray, Guadalupe Castañeda, Maria de Lourdes Vargas, Raúl Montes-González, Susana Luna, Laura Díaz, Oscar Torres
INTRODUCTION: Most blood transfusions occur in female patients. The introduction of serologic screening practices by blood banks reduced the transfusion-related rate of infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV). In Mexico patients with pre-1994 transfusion history are at high risk of being detected with HCV infection. We aimed at establishing an interrelationship between two variables: pre-1994 transfusion history and rate of infection in women treated in the Guadalajara Metropolitan Area hospitals, in Mexico...
March 15, 2017: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299184/revisiting-blood-transfusion-and-predictors-of-outcome-in-cardiac-surgery-patients-a-concise-perspective
#20
REVIEW
Carlos E Arias-Morales, Nicoleta Stoicea, Alicia A Gonzalez-Zacarias, Diana Slawski, Sujatha P Bhandary, Theodosios Saranteas, Eva Kaminiotis, Thomas J Papadimos
In the United States, cardiac surgery-related blood transfusion rates reached new highs in 2010, with 34% of patients receiving blood products. Patients undergoing both complex (coronary artery bypass grafting [CABG] plus valve repair or replacement) and non-complex (isolated CABG) cardiac surgeries are likely to have comorbidities such as anemia. Furthermore, the majority of patients undergoing isolated CABG have a history of myocardial infarction. These characteristics may increase the risk of complications and blood transfusion requirement...
2017: F1000Research
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