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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777693/cleavage-of-molybdopterin-synthase-moad-moae-linear-fusion-by-jamm-mpn-domain-containing-metalloprotease-dr0402-from-deinococcus-radiodurans
#1
Yoon-Mo Yang, Young-Bin Won, Chang-Jun Ji, Jung-Hoon Kim, Su-Hyun Ryu, Youn-Ha Ok, Jin-Won Lee
Molybdenum cofactor (Moco), molybdopterin (MPT) complexed with molybdenum, is an essential cofactor required for the catalytic center of diverse enzymes in all domains of life. Since Moco cannot be taken up as a nutrient unlike many other cofactors, Moco requires de novo biosynthesis. During the synthesis of MPT, the sulfur atom on the C-terminus of MoaD is transferred to cyclic pyranopterin monophosphate (cPMP) which is bound in the substrate pocket of MoaE. MoaD is a ubiquitin-like (Ubl) protein and has a C-terminal di-Gly motif which is a common feature of Ubl proteins...
May 16, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776538/rapid-detection-of-calr-type-1-and-type-2-mutations-using-pna-lna-clamping-loop-mediated-isothermal-amplification-on-a-cd-like-microfluidic-chip
#2
Guojun Cao, Jilie Kong, Zhifang Xing, Yigui Tang, Xinju Zhang, Xiao Xu, Zhihua Kang, Xueen Fang, Ming Guan
Bleeding and thrombosis represent common complications in myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN) and significantly contribute to morbidity and mortality. Molecular markers, including CALR mutations, were considered not only as diagnostic markers, but also as risk factors for bleeding and thrombosis associated with MPN, especially for patients in remote primary hospitals. We sought to develop an easy-to-use assay for the rapid detection of CALR type 1 (CALR-1) and type 2 (CALR-2) mutations in Philadelphia chromosome-negative MPN patients...
September 18, 2018: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774106/hematopoietic-restricted-ptpn11e76k-reveals-indolent-mpn-progression-in-mice
#3
Stefan P Tarnawsky, Wen-Mei Yu, Cheng-Kui Qu, Rebecca J Chan, Mervin C Yoder
Juvenile Myelomonocytic Leukemia (JMML) is a pediatric myeloproliferative neoplasm (MPN) that has a poor prognosis. Somatic mutations in Ptpn11 are the most frequent cause of JMML and they commonly occur in utero . Animal models of mutant Ptpn11 have probed the signaling pathways that contribute to JMML. However, existing models may inappropriately exacerbate MPN features by relying on non-hematopoietic-restricted Cre-loxP strains or transplantations into irradiated recipients. In this study we generate hematopoietic-restricted models of Ptpn11E76K-mediated disease using Csf1r-MCM and Flt3Cre...
April 24, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767839/jak2-v617f-positive-acute-myeloid-leukaemia-aml-a-comparison-between-de-novo-aml-and-secondary-aml-transformed-from-an-underlying-myeloproliferative-neoplasm-a-study-from-the-bone-marrow-pathology-group
#4
Jason Aynardi, Rashmi Manur, Paul R Hess, Seble Chekol, Jennifer J D Morrissette, Daria Babushok, Elizabeth Hexner, Heesun J Rogers, Eric D Hsi, Elizabeth Margolskee, Attilio Orazi, Robert Hasserjian, Adam Bagg
The JAK2 V617F mutation is characteristic of most Philadelphia chromosome-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) and occurs rarely in de novo acute myeloid leukaemia (AML). We sought to characterize AMLs that harbour this mutation and distinguish those that arise de novo (AML-DN) from those that reflect transformation of an underlying MPN (AML-MPN). Forty-five patients with JAK2 V617F-mutated AML were identified; 15 were AML-DN and 30 were AML-MPN. AML-MPN cases were more likely to have splenomegaly (P = 0·02), MPN-like megakaryocytes and higher mean JAK2 V617F VAF at diagnosis (P = 0·04)...
May 16, 2018: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761371/tolerability-and-efficacy-of-deferasirox-in-patients-with-transfusional-iron-overload-results-from-a-german-2-year-non-interventional-study
#5
Florian Nolte, Holger Nückel, Burkhard Schmidt, Thomas Geer, Oleg Rubanov, Holger Hebart, Andrea Jarisch, Stefan Albrecht, Christiane Johr, Christiane Schumann, Wolf-Karsten Hofmann
BACKGROUND: Iron overload (IOL) due to repetitive transfusions of packed red blood cells (pRBC) has a major impact on morbidity and mortality in patients with inherited bone marrow failure syndromes and hemoglobinopathies such as thalassemia and sickle cell disease. However, whether IOL influences the outcome of elderly patients with myeloid malignancies is not yet clear. Moreover, clinical trials have reported high drop-out rates during treatment with the oral iron chelator deferasirox (DFX)...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756283/erythrocytes-from-patients-with-myeloproliferative-neoplasms-and-splanchnic-venous-thrombosis-show-greater-expression-of-lu-bcam
#6
I Novitzky-Basso, F Spring, D Anstee, D Tripathi, F Chen
INTRODUCTION: Lutheran/BCAM protein (Lu) on the surface of erythrocytes is key for their adhesion to the endothelium, and erythrocytes from individuals with JAK2V617F-mutated myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN) have increased endothelial adhesion. Splanchnic vein thrombosis (SVT) is a devastating thrombotic complication of MPN, and frequently, the only diagnostic feature is the JAK2V617F mutation. We sought to examine whether erythrocytes from patients with JAK2V617F mutated SVT (MPN-SVT) exhibited increased Lu expression, thereby supporting a mechanistic contribution to the development of thrombosis...
May 13, 2018: International Journal of Laboratory Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755205/enumerating-viable-phytoplankton-using-a-culture-based-most-probable-number-assay-following-ultraviolet-c-treatment
#7
Hugh L MacIntyre, John J Cullen, Trina J Whitsitt, Brian Petri
Ballast water management systems (BWMS) must be tested to assess their compliance with standards for the discharge of organisms, for example in the ≥ 10- and < 50-μm size category, which is dominated by phytoplankton. Assessment of BWMS performance with the vital stains fluorescein diacetate + 5-chlorofluorescein diacetate, required by regulations in the USA, is problematic in the case of ultraviolet-C (UVC) radiation. This is because UVC targets nucleotides-and thus reproduction, hence viability-rather than membrane integrity, which is assayed by the stains...
2018: Journal of Applied Phycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750970/bdnf-infusion-into-the-mpn-mag-is-sufficient-to-restore-copulatory-behavior-in-the-castrated-syrian-hamster
#8
Joe C Brague, Christine N Lenchur, Julia M Hayden, Rachel H Davidson, Kelly Corrigan, Garrett T Santini, Jennifer M Swann
Testosterone plays a key role in the expression of male sex behavior by influencing cellular activity and synapses within the magnocellular medial preoptic nucleus (MPN mag), a sub-nucleus of the medial preoptic area (MPOA) in the Syrian hamster. Although the mechanisms underlying hormonally-induced synaptic plasticity in this region remain elusive, the data suggests that an increase in synaptic density may mediate testosterone's effects on copulation. As brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) plays an integral role in regulating synaptic plasticity and gonadal steroids regulate the levels of BDNF, we hypothesize that BDNF may mediate the effects of gonadal hormones on copulatory behavior...
May 8, 2018: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749399/autocrine-tnf-signaling-favors-malignant-cells-in-myelofibrosis-in-a-tnfr2-dependent-fashion
#9
William L Heaton, Anna V Senina, Anthony D Pomicter, Mohamed E Salama, Phillip M Clair, Dongqing Yan, Russell N Bell, Jeremy M Gililland, Josef T Prchal, Thomas O'Hare, Michael W Deininger
Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF) is increased in myelofibrosis (MF) and promotes survival of malignant over normal cells. The mechanisms altering TNF responsiveness in MF cells are unknown. We show that the proportion of marrow (BM) cells expressing TNF is increased in MF compared to controls, with the largest differential in primitive cells. Blockade of TNF receptor 2 (TNFR2), but not TNFR1, selectively inhibited colony formation by MF CD34+ and mouse JAK2V617F progenitor cells. Microarray of mouse MPN revealed reduced expression of X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis (Xiap) and mitogen-activated protein kinase 8 (Mapk8) in JAK2V617F relative to JAK2WT cells, which were normalized by TNFR2 but not TNFR1 blockade...
April 18, 2018: Leukemia: Official Journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741776/skewed-megakaryopoiesis-in-human-induced-pluripotent-stem-cell-derived-haematopoietic-progenitor-cells-harbouring-calreticulin-mutations
#10
Hiraku Takei, Yoko Edahiro, Shuichi Mano, Nami Masubuchi, Yoshihisa Mizukami, Misa Imai, Soji Morishita, Kyohei Misawa, Tomonori Ochiai, Satoshi Tsuneda, Hiroshi Endo, Sou Nakamura, Koji Eto, Akimichi Ohsaka, Marito Araki, Norio Komatsu
Somatic mutations in the calreticulin (CALR) gene have been found in most patients with JAK2- and MPL-unmutated Philadelphia chromosome-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs). It has recently been shown that mutant CALR constitutively activates the thrombopoietin receptor MPL and, thus, plays a causal role in the development of MPNs. However, the roles of mutant CALR in human haematopoietic cell differentiation remain predominantly elusive. To examine the impact of the 5-base insertion mutant CALR gene (Ins5) on haematopoietic cell differentiation, we generated induced pluripotent stem cells from an essential thrombocythaemia (ET) patient harbouring a CALR-Ins5 mutation and from a healthy individual (WT)...
May 9, 2018: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741513/myelofibrosis-clinicopathologic-features-prognosis-and-management
#11
Jennifer M O'Sullivan, Claire N Harrison
Myelofibrosis is one of the BCR-ABL-negative clonal disorders that collectively are known as myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs). It is caused by the proliferation of clonal hematopoietic stem cells, which over time leads to characteristic clinical features. The disease presentation is heterogeneous, however, with 30% of patients initially asymptomatic. This variation in clinical phenotype warrants careful risk stratification to guide appropriate management, and prognostic risk scores are continually being refined...
February 2018: Clinical Advances in Hematology & Oncology: H&O
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738928/high-salinity-relay-as-a-post-harvest-processing-method-for-reducing-vibrio-vulnificus-levels-in-oysters-crassostrea-virginica
#12
Corinne Audemard, Howard I Kator, Kimberly S Reece
High salinity relay of Eastern oysters (Crassostrea virginica) was evaluated as a post-harvest processing (PHP) method for reducing Vibrio vulnificus. This approach relies on the exposure of oysters to natural high salinity waters and preserves a live product compared to previously approved PHPs. Although results of prior studies evaluating high salinity relay as a means to decrease V. vulnificus levels were promising, validation of this method as a PHP following approved guidelines is required. This study was designed to provide data for validation of this method following Food and Drug Administration (FDA) PHP validation guidelines...
May 2, 2018: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723045/salmonella-detection-and-counting-on-pig-carcasses-and-cutting-lines-in-italian-slaughterhouses
#13
Silvia Bonardi, Luca Bolzoni, Franco Brindani, Erika Scaltriti, Pierugo Cavallini, Carnovale Giuseppe, Stefano Pongolini
During 2014-2015, 300 pig carcasses before chilling and 85 food contact surfaces (FCSs) at cutting lines were tested for Salmonella in three slaughterhouses (namely A, B, and C) of northern Italy. In slaughterhouses A and B, four carcass sites of 100 cm2 each (from both the exterior and interior side) were swabbed with a single sponge. In abattoir C, four 100 cm2 sites of the exterior and the interior sides were swabbed with two independent sponges. The population average prevalence of Salmonella-positive carcasses (which takes into account the structure of the study design, with multiple samples collected in a single day) in slaughterhouses A and B was 12...
May 3, 2018: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722006/a-one-year-survey-of-norovirus-in-uk-oysters-collected-at-the-point-of-sale
#14
J A Lowther, N E Gustar, A L Powell, S O'Brien, D N Lees
Contamination of bivalve shellfish, particularly oysters, with norovirus is recognised as a food safety risk and a potential contributor to the overall burden of gastroenteritis in the community. The United Kingdom (UK) has comprehensive national baseline data on the prevalence, levels, and seasonality of norovirus in oysters in production areas resulting from a previous two-year study (2009-2011). However, previously, data on final product as sold to the consumer have been lacking. As part of a wider project to establish the overall burden of foodborne norovirus in the UK, this study aimed to address this data gap...
May 2, 2018: Food and Environmental Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719285/myeloproliferative-neoplasms-in-danish-twins
#15
Michael Asger Andersen, Ole Weis Bjerrum, Ajenthen Ranjan, Vibe Skov, Torben A Kruse, Mads Thomassen, Axel Skytthe, Hans Carl Hasselbalch, Kaare Christensen
OBJECTIVE: Myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) are a heterogeneous group of diseases characterized by clonal hyperproliferation of immature and mature cells of the myeloid lineage. Genetic differences have been proposed to play a role in the development of MPNs. Monozygotic twin pairs with MPNs have been reported in a few case reports, but the MPN concordance pattern in twins remains unknown. METHOD: All twin pairs born in the period 1900-2010 were identified in the nationwide Danish Twin Registry...
May 2, 2018: Acta Haematologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717448/quantitation-of-jak2-v617f-allele-burden-by-using-the-quantstudio%C3%A2-3d-digital-pcr-system
#16
Elena Kinz, Axel Muendlein
The JAK2 V617F mutation is highly prevalent in patients with myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN). Furthermore, it has been shown that its allelic burden correlates with hematologic characteristics, drug response, and clinical endpoints in MPN patients. Digital PCR is an emerging technology for sensitive mutation detection and quantitation, based on dilution and high-grade partitioning of a sample. Here, we describe the use of the nanofluidic chip-based QuantStudio™ 3D Digital PCR System for quantitation of the JAK2 V617F mutation...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707311/cop9-signalosome-subunit-csn5-but-not-csn6-is-upregulated-in-lung-adenocarcinoma-and-predicts-poor-prognosis
#17
Dakai Xiao, Shengli Yang, Liyan Huang, Huiming He, Hui Pan, Jianxing He
Background: The COP9 signalosome (CSN) is an evolutionarily conserved complex composed of eight subunits (CSN1-CSN8). Among the CSN subunits, CSN5 and its dimerization partner CSN6 are the only two MPN (Mpr1-Pad1-N-terminal) domain-containing subunits. These two subunits play essential roles in a variety of biological processes, such as cell cycle progression, protein stability and signal transduction. However, their expression patterns and clinical significance in lung cancer are not completely clear...
March 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693647/anti-interferon-alpha-antibodies-in-patients-with-high-risk-bcr-abl-negative-myeloproliferative-neoplasms-treated-with-recombinant-human-interferon-%C3%AE
#18
Aruna Aruna, Limei Li
BACKGROUND The objective of this study was to characterize the incidence and impact of immunogenicity to interferon-a (IFN-α-2a, IFN-α-2b, and Peg-IFN-α-2a) over a period of 12 months in patients with BCR/ABL-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs). MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 131 patients from an observational prospective cohort were selected. Antidrug antibodies, in serial serum samples obtained monthly after initiation of therapy, were measured by ELISA and WISH/VSV CPE assays. The association between antidrug antibodies and treatment response and adverse effects was evaluated...
April 17, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682367/myelodysplastic-syndrome-acute-myeloid-leukemia-arising-in-idiopathic-erythrocytosis
#19
Stephen E Langabeer, Eibhlin Conneally, Catherine M Flynn
The term "idiopathic erythrocytosis (IE)" is applied to those cases where a causal clinical or pathological event cannot be elucidated and likely reflects a spectrum of underlying medical and molecular abnormalities. The clinical course of a patient with IE is described manifesting as a persistent erythrocytosis with a low serum erythropoietin level, mild eosinophilia, and with evidence of a thrombotic event. The patient subsequently developed a myelodysplasic syndrome (MDS) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML), an event not observed in erythrocytosis patients other than those with polycythemia vera (PV)...
2018: Case Reports in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676359/molecular-genetics-of-bcr-abl1-negative-myeloproliferative-neoplasms-in-india
#20
Nikhil Rabade, P G Subramanian, Rohan Kodgule, Goutham Raval, Swapnali Joshi, Shruti Chaudhary, Russel Mascarenhas, Prashant Tembhare, Sumeet Gujral, Nikhil Patkar
Introduction: Over the past decade, we have moved on from a predominantly morphological and clinical classification of myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN) to a more evolved classification that accounts for the molecular heterogeneity that is unique to this subgroup of hematological malignancies. This usually incorporates mutations in Janus kinase 2 (JAK2), MPL, and calreticulin (CALR) genes. In this manuscript, we report the frequency of these mutations in a cohort of Indian patients at a tertiary cancer center...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
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