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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789782/natural-history-of-postoperative-adding-on-in-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-what-are-the-risk-factors-for-progressive-adding-on
#1
Xiaodong Qin, Chao Xia, Leilei Xu, Fei Sheng, Huang Yan, Yong Qiu, Zezhang Zhu
Purpose: To investigate the natural history of distal adding-on in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) and to identify risk factors for its progression. Methods: Sixty-one AIS patients with distal adding-on occurrence were included. We further classify distal adding-on into progressive and nonprogressive group according to its natural evolution. The first radiograph indicating initiation of adding-on (primary adding-on) and the last follow-up radiograph were compared in terms of the deviation of the first vertebra below instrumentation from the CSVL and the angulation of the first disc below instrumentation...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788073/video-assisted-thoracoscopic-anterior-vertebral-body-tethering-for-the-correction-of-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-of-the-spine
#2
Vijay Joshi, Stephen D Cassivi, Todd A Milbrandt, A Noelle Larson
Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis affects children aged 11-18 years. Severe disease may necessitate spinal fusion. Vertebral body tethering gradually corrects scoliosis as the patients grow. The application of video-assisted thoracic surgery to the thoracic spine is a new area for further development.
May 17, 2018: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787832/a-comparative-study-of-quality-of-life-functional-and-bone-outcomes-in-osteogenesis-imperfecta-with-bisphosphonate-therapy-initiated-in-childhood-or-adulthood
#3
Andrew G Feehan, Margaret R Zacharin, Angelina S Lim, Peter J Simm
Bisphosphonates have been used for treatment of bone fragility disorders for over 25 years to increase bone mineral density (BMD). Anecdotally, bisphosphonate-treated Osteogenesis Imperfecta (OI) has a different trajectory to the natural history of untreated OI in terms of fracture incidence, quality of life and physical function, with minimal published evidence to support this clinical observation. This study describes functional outcomes of a cohort of adults with OI, stratified according to severity and treated with intravenous bisphosphonates as children...
May 19, 2018: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783222/-analysis-of-the-extension-of-childhood-expectations-and-evaluation-of-the-risks-of-the-development-of-diseases-associated-with-overweight
#4
Dmytro D Dyachuk, Iryna E Zabolotna, Yuri B Yaschenko
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Prevention of obesity in childhood is considered one of the main areas of primary prevention of non-infectious diseases. The aim: determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity among school-age children, and analyze the risk of developing concomitant excess body weight and obesity. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: The study was conducted among 1103 schoolchildren aged 7-17 years, of which 552 girls (50.1%) and 551 boys (49...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782395/pull-out-of-upper-thoracic-pedicle-screws-can-cause-spinal-canal-encroachment-in-growing-rod-treatment
#5
Senol Bekmez, Aykut Kocyigit, Zeynep Deniz Olgun, Mehmet Ayvaz, Halil Gokhan Demirkiran, Ergun Karaagaoglu, Muharrem Yazici
BACKGROUND: Proximal foundation failure is a common complication of growing rod (GR) treatment for early-onset scoliosis. Spinal canal encroachment due to pull-out of pedicle screw used as proximal foundation has been anecdotally reported in GR patients. The aim of this study is to report the prevalence of spinal canal encroachment of pedicle screws in GR treatment and determine risk factors using a single-center cohort. METHODS: Inclusion criteria were: (1) GR for early-onset scoliosis and (2) pull-out of at least 1 proximal anchor pedicle screw...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781912/letter-to-the-editor-incidence-of-neuraxial-abnormalities-is-approximately-8-among-patients-with-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-a-meta-analysis
#6
Hai-Qiang Wang, Jun Zhang, Xin He, Fu-Jun Luan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779056/posterior-only-versus-combined-anterior-posterior-fusion-in-scheuermann-disease-a-large-retrospective-study
#7
Guillaume Riouallon, Christian Morin, Yann-Philippe Charles, Pierre Roussouly, Gaby Kreichati, Ibrahim Obeid, Stéphane Wolff
PURPOSE: The literature shows controversies concerning surgical treatment of Scheuermann's kyphosis between posterior-only fixation and combined anterior/posterior fusion. The aim of this study is to compare the clinical and radiological results and the rate of complications between these two techniques. METHODS: We performed a multicentric retrospective review of 131 patients who underwent primary fusion for Scheuermann's kyphosis divided into two groups: 67 patients operated via posterior approach only and 64 operated via combined anterior/posterior approach...
May 19, 2018: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776776/reliability-of-the-lateral-abdominal-muscle-thickness-measurements-in-idiopathic-scoliosis-patients
#8
Pawel Linek, Anna Klepek, Tomasz Wolny, Grzegorz Mikołajowski
BACKGROUND: To date, the reliability of ultrasound imaging (US) measures of the abdominal muscle thickness in idiopathic scoliosis (IS) patients during early stages of adolescence has not been confirmed. OBJECTIVE: To assess the intra-rater reliability of US measures of the thickness of the external oblique (EO), internal oblique (IO), and transversus abdominis (TrA) on convex and concave body sides in adolescents with IS. DESIGN: One-way repeated-measures analysis of variance (ANOVA) and reliability study...
May 3, 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774412/hybrid-constructs-pedicle-screw-with-apical-sublaminar-bands-versus-pedicle-screws-only-for-surgical-correction-of-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#9
Matteo Palmisani, Eugenio Dema, Stefano Cervellati, Rosa Palmisani
PURPOSE: To compare the 2-year minimum postoperative results of posterior correction and spinal arthrodesis using translational correction with hybrid (sublaminar bands on concave side and pedicle screw) constructs versus correction with intermediate density pedicle screw-only constructs in the treatment of AIS (Lenke 1). METHODS: A total of 37 patients with AIS at single institutions who underwent posterior spinal arthrodesis pedicle screw with sublaminar bands at the apex (19 patients) (Group A) or pedicle screw-only (18) constructs (Group B) were selected and matched according to similar age at surgery 13...
May 17, 2018: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772989/a-systematic-review-of-all-smart-phone-applications-specifically-aimed-for-use-as-a-scoliosis-screening-tool
#10
Qais Naziri, Jadie Detolla, Westley Hayes, Steven Burekhovich, Andrew Merola, Chibukem Akamnanu, Carl B Paulino
The scoliometer is an inclinometer commonly used in scoliosis screening. The device is used during an Adam's forward bend test, in which a patient bends forward at the hips to measure deformity of the rib cage and spinal column. If a sufficient angle of rotation is measured, then the appropriate referrals and x-rays can be made and taken. This ubiquitous screening tool allows for a quick and simple scoliosis screening and is a mainstay of scoliosis management. With the advent and rapid improvement of smart phone technology, many scoliometer applications have become readily accessible...
2018: Journal of Long-term Effects of Medical Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772869/-progression-on-finite-element-modeling-method-in-scoliosis
#11
REVIEW
Ning Fan, Lei Zang, Yong Hai, Peng Du, Shuo Yuan
Scoliosis is a complex spinal three-dimensional malformation with complicated pathogenesis, often associated with complications as thoracic deformity and shoulder imbalance. Because the acquisition of specimen or animal models are difficult, the biomechanical study of scoliosis is limited. In recent years, along with the development of the computer technology, software and image, the technology of establishing a finite element model of human spine is maturing and it has been providing strong support for the research of pathogenesis of scoliosis, the design and application of brace, and the selection of surgical methods...
April 25, 2018: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770280/effect-of-body-mass-index-on-perioperative-outcomes-in-minimally-invasive-oblique-lateral-lumbar-interbody-fusion-versus-open-fusions-a-multivariant-analysis
#12
Hamid Abbasi, Alex Grant
Background Obesity is an increasing public health concern associated with increased perioperative complications and expense in lumbar spine fusions. While open and mini-open fusions such as transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) and minimally invasive TLIF (MIS-TLIF) are more challenging in obese patients, new MIS procedures like oblique lateral lumbar interbody fusion (OLLIF) may improve perioperative outcomes in obese patients relative to TLIF and MIS-TLIF. Purpose The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of obesity on perioperative outcomes in OLLIF, MIS-TLIF, and TLIF...
March 8, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766672/ribcage-deformity-and-the-altered-breathing-pattern-in-children-with-osteogenesis-imperfecta
#13
Antonella LoMauro, Paolo Fraschini, Simona Pochintesta, Marianna Romei, Maria G D'Angelo, Andrea Aliverti
AIM: Osteogenesis Imperfecta (OI) is a genetic disease characterized by bones fragility and progressive deformity. Life expectancy is reduced in the non-lethal most severe type III form before the age of 10 years. The main cause of death in OI is respiratory insufficiency resulting from impaired thoracic function worsened by ribcage deformity and scoliosis. METHODS: We used opto-electronic plethysmography to study chest geometry, the ventilatory, and the thoraco-abdominal pattern at rest in supine position in children younger than 10 years...
May 15, 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765785/spondylocostal-dysostosis-a-literature-review-and-case-report-with-long-term-follow-up-of-a-conservatively-managed-patient
#14
Brendan R Southam, Adam P Schumaier, Alvin H Crawford
Introduction: Patients with spondylocostal dysostosis (SCD) have congenital spine and rib deformities associated with frequently severe thoracic insufficiency and respiratory compromise. The literature is largely composed of case reports and small cohorts, and there is little information regarding adults with this condition. In this report, we describe the natural history of a conservatively treated patient and include quality-of-life issues such as childbearing, athletic participation, and occupational selection...
2018: Case Reports in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765179/is-early-treatment-for-mild-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-superior-over-the-traditional-watch-wait-approach-a-case-report-with-long-term-follow-up
#15
Paul A Oakley
[Purpose] To present a case of the complete correction of mild suspected adolescent idiopathic scoliosis in support of the argument that early aggressive treatment is superior to the traditional 'watch & wait' approach. [Subject and Methods] A 9-year-old female presented with a 14° thoracic curve indicative of early adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. The parents consented to immediate and early treatment with the SpineCor dynamic and corrective scoliosis brace. The brace was worn 20 hours per day and check-ups were performed every three months...
May 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763982/bone-graft-in-posterior-spine-fusion-for-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-a-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Nathan Kirzner, Luke Hilliard, Catherine Martin, Gerald Quan, Susan Liew, Ali Humadi
BACKGROUNDS: The aim of this study was to systematically analyse and perform a meta-analysis on the current available literature comparing the fusion rates and complications associated with use of autograft, allograft and bone substitutes to supplement posterior spinal fusion for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). METHODS: The electronic databases including Embase, PubMed, Medline, Cinahl and Cochrane Library were searched to identify relevant studies. A total of 12 studies with 2389 patients were included for meta-analysis...
May 15, 2018: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763270/screening-for-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#17
Iris Mabry-Hernandez, Candace Tannis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763269/screening-for-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-recommendation-statement
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762341/radiation-exposure-to-the-surgeons-and-patients-in-fluoroscopic-guided-segmental-pedicle-screw-placement-for-pediatric-scoliosis
#19
Hiroyuki Yoshihara, Carl B Paulino
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective case series OBJECTIVE.: To analyze the radiation exposure to the surgeons and patients in fluoroscopic-guided segmental pedicle screw placement for pediatric scoliosis SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA.: Fluoroscopic-guided pedicle screw placement is a safer technique for pedicle screw placement in spinal deformity. However, radiation exposure is a concern, particularly for spine surgeons due to the requirement of multiple pedicle screws in spinal deformity surgery...
May 14, 2018: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762339/the-relationship-between-fear-avoidance-and-neuromuscular-measures-of-function-in-patients-with-adult-degenerative-scoliosis
#20
Ram Haddas, Isador H Lieberman, Andrew Block
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship of fear-avoidance beliefs and neuromuscular activity during gait in adult degenerative scoliosis (ADS) patients. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Among patients with chronic spine pain, fear-avoidance beliefs are predictive of poor surgical outcomes. Fear-avoidance occurs when patients perceive that movement will worsen underlying physical problems. This process leads them to restrict activity, which further heightens emotional distress...
May 14, 2018: Spine
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