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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346184/synergistic-impact-of-training-followed-by-on-site-support-on-hiv-clinical-practice-a-mixed-design-study-in-uganda-with-pre-post-and-cluster-randomized-trial-components
#1
Sarah Burnett, Norbert Mubiru, Peace Imani, Martin K Mbonye, Leigh Fisher, Robert Colebunders, Yukari C Manabe, Marcia R Weaver
BACKGROUND: Task-shifting can expand antiretroviral therapy access, but little is known about effective approaches to improve clinical practice among mid-level practitioners' (MLP) such as clinical officers, nurses, and midwives. The Integrated Infectious Diseases Capacity-Building Evaluation compared training alone to training combined with on-site support (OSS). METHODS: Two MLP each from 36 health facilities attended the five-week Integrated Management of Infectious Disease training...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344393/effect-of-standardized-nursing-language-continuing-education-programme-on-nurses-documentation-of-care-at-university-college-hospital-ibadan
#2
Iyanuoluwa O Adubi, Adenike A Olaogun, Prisca O Adejumo
Aim: The study assessed the documentation of nursing care before, during and after the Standardized Nursing Language Continuing Education Programme (SNLCEP). It evaluates the differences in documentation of nursing care in different nursing specialty areas and assessed the influence of work experience on the quality of documentation of nursing care with a view to provide information on documentation of nursing care. The instrument used was an adapted scoring guide for nursing diagnosis, nursing intervention and nursing outcome (Q-DIO)...
January 2018: Nursing Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343423/request-for-hiv-serology-in-primary-care-a-survey-of-medical-and-nursing-professionals
#3
Myrian Pichiule-Castañeda, M Felicitas Domínguez-Berjón, María D Esteban-Vasallo, Carmen García-Riolobos, M Carmen Álvarez-Castillo, Jenaro Astray-Mochales
INTRODUCTION: In the Community of Madrid there is 42.7% late HIV diagnosis. Primary care is the gateway to the health system and the frequency of serological tests requested by these professionals is unknown. The objectives were to establish the frequency of requests for HIV serology by medical and nursing primary care professionals in the Community of Madrid and the factors associated with these requests. METHOD: An 'on-line' survey was conducted, asking professionals who participated in the evaluation study of strategies to promote early diagnosis of HIV in primary care in the Community of Madrid (ESTVIH) about the number of HIV-serology tests requested in the last 12 months...
January 15, 2018: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340235/evidence-based-design-and-evaluation-of-a-whole-genome-sequencing-clinical-report-for-the-reference-microbiology-laboratory
#4
Anamaria Crisan, Geoffrey McKee, Tamara Munzner, Jennifer L Gardy
Background: Microbial genome sequencing is now being routinely used in many clinical and public health laboratories. Understanding how to report complex genomic test results to stakeholders who may have varying familiarity with genomics-including clinicians, laboratorians, epidemiologists, and researchers-is critical to the successful and sustainable implementation of this new technology; however, there are no evidence-based guidelines for designing such a report in the pathogen genomics domain...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338568/lactoferrin-plus-health-education-versus-total-dose-infusion-tdi-of-low-molecular-weight-lmw-iron-dextran-for-treating-iron-deficiency-anemia-ida-in-pregnancy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
A M Darwish, Fouly Ha, W H Saied, E Farah
BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is one of the most common medical disorder disturbing pregnancies particularly in low resources countries, and contributes significantly to morbidities and mortalities. Thus, early diagnosis and prompt management of IDA is highly recommended. AIM: To Test the efficacy and safety of oral lactoferrin plus health education provided by a nurse versus total dose infusion (TDI) of low-molecular weight (LMW) iron dextran for treating IDA in the second and third trimester of pregnancy...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336168/dementia-in-eastern-mediterranean-countries-a-systematic-review
#6
Sara Mahmoud Yaghmour, Ruth Bartlett, Tula Brannelly
Globally, there is an increase in the older population, whose lives are affected by local cultural norms. In Eastern Mediterranean countries, dementia is conventionally hidden from view with few dedicated services or recognition for diagnosis. The aim of this systematic review is to explore the limited literature on dementia and cognitive impairment among older people in Eastern Mediterranean countries to present an evaluation of current practices and to consolidate knowledge for future planning. Thirty-three studies were identified for inclusion in the review, and four themes were apparent...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334996/italian-guidelines-on-the-assessment-and-management-of-pediatric-head-injury-in-the-emergency-department
#7
REVIEW
Liviana Da Dalt, Niccolo' Parri, Angela Amigoni, Agostino Nocerino, Francesca Selmin, Renzo Manara, Paola Perretta, Maria Paola Vardeu, Silvia Bressan
OBJECTIVE: We aim to formulate evidence-based recommendations to assist physicians decision-making in the assessment and management of children younger than 16 years presenting to the emergency department (ED) following a blunt head trauma with no suspicion of non-accidental injury. METHODS: These guidelines were commissioned by the Italian Society of Pediatric Emergency Medicine and include a systematic review and analysis of the literature published since 2005...
January 15, 2018: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334861/copd-management-by-swedish-general-practitioners-baseline-results-of-the-primair-study
#8
Hanna Sandelowsky, Natalia Natalishvili, Ingvar Krakau, Sonja Modin, Björn Ställberg, Anna Nager
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common cause of suffering and death. Evidence-based management of COPD by general practitioners (GPs) is crucial for decreasing the impact of the disease. Efficient strategies include early diagnosis, smoking cessation and multimodal treatment. AIM: To describe knowledge about and skills for managing COPD in GPs in Sweden. METHODS: Prior to COPD education (the PRIMAIR Study), GPs at primary health care centers (PHCCs) in Stockholm replied to 13 written, patient-case based, multiple choice and free-text questions about COPD...
January 15, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331101/theory-analysis-for-pender-s-health-promotion-model-hpm-by-barnum-s-criteria-a-critical-perspective
#9
REVIEW
Zohreh Khoshnood, Masoud Rayyani, Batool Tirgari
Background Analysis of nursing theoretical works and its role in knowledge development is presented as an essential process of critical reflection. Health promotion model (HPM) focuses on helping people achieve higher levels of well-being and identifies background factors that influence health behaviors. Objectives This paper aims to evaluate, and critique HPM by Barnum's criteria. Methods The present study reviewed books and articles derived from Proquest, PubMed, Blackwell Databases. The method of evaluation for this model is based on Barnum's criteria for analysis, application and evaluation of nursing theories...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329530/design-and-evaluation-of-a-mobile-application-to-assist-the-self-monitoring-of-the-chronic-kidney-disease-in-developing-countries
#10
Alvaro Sobrinho, Leandro Dias da Silva, Angelo Perkusich, Maria Eliete Pinheiro, Paulo Cunha
BACKGROUND: The chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a worldwide critical problem, especially in developing countries. CKD patients usually begin their treatment in advanced stages, which requires dialysis and kidney transplantation, and consequently, affects mortality rates. This issue is faced by a mobile health (mHealth) application (app) that aims to assist the early diagnosis and self-monitoring of the disease progression. METHODS: A user-centered design (UCD) approach involving health professionals (nurse and nephrologists) and target users guided the development process of the app between 2012 and 2016...
January 12, 2018: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326818/coping-social-support-and-information-in-patients-with-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-or-chronic-thromboembolic-pulmonary-hypertension-a-2-year-retrospective-cohort-study
#11
Bodil Ivarsson, Göran Rådegran, Roger Hesselstrand, Barbro Kjellström
Objectives: Pulmonary arterial hypertension and chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension are severe diseases with complicated treatment that need care at specialist clinics. The aim was to investigate changes in the patients' perceptions on coping, social support and received information when attending a newly started nurse-coordinated pulmonary arterial hypertension-outpatient clinic. Methods: The present study was a descriptive, questionnaire-based cohort study including 42 adult patients...
2018: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326466/a-study-of-oral-health-prevention-behaviours-for-patients-with-early-stage-dementia
#12
R Emanuel, A Sorensen
Background Thorough dental prevention provided at the diagnosis of early stage dementia may be able to reduce the risk of dental disease before the associated cognitive decline takes hold.Method A questionnaire was used to see how many patients with a recent diagnosis of dementia were registered with a dentist and if they were accessing preventative dental care. The questionnaire was administered to patients attending Memory Assessment Services (MAS), approximately ten weeks after initial diagnosis. A similar questionnaire was conducted among MAS staff providing insight into their own personal dental care knowledge and behaviours...
January 12, 2018: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324951/signs-and-symptoms-in-gaucher-disease-priority-nursing-diagnoses
#13
Márcia Koja Breigeiron, Vitória da Costa Moraes, Janice Carneiro Coelho
OBJECTIVE: Identify the signs and symptoms of patients with Gaucher Disease, inferring possible priority nursing diagnoses. METHOD: Cross-sectional study, developed in a specialized laboratory, between 2013 and 2015. The sample (n = 91) comprised the records of patients with genetic diagnosis for Gaucher Disease. The study respected research norms. RESULTS: Prevalence of female sex (57.1%), age at diagnosis between 0 and 10 years, and origin from the Southeast Region of Brazil were prevalent...
January 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324655/evaluation-of-an-accelerated-workflow-for-surveillance-of-esbl-ctx-m-producing-escherichia-coli-using-amplicon-based-next-generation-sequencing-and-automated-analysis
#14
Nilay Peker, John W A Rossen, Ruud H Deurenberg, Paula C Langereis, Erwin G C Raangs, Jan A Kluytmans, Alexander W Friedrich, Jacobien Veenemans, Bhanu Sinha
Outbreak management of extended spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing pathogens requires rapid and accurate diagnosis. However, conventional screening is slow and labor-intensive. The vast majority of the screened samples are negative and detection of non-outbreak-related resistant micro-organisms often complicates outbreak management. In a CTX-M-15-producing Escherichia coli outbreak, 149 fecal samples and rectal eSwabs were collected by a cross-sectional survey in a Dutch nursing home. Samples were processed by routine diagnostic methods...
January 11, 2018: Microorganisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324561/nursing-minimum-data-sets-for-documenting-nutritional-care-for-adults-in-primary-healthcare-a-scoping-review
#15
Sasja Jul Håkonsen, Preben Ulrich Pedersen, Merete Bjerrum, Ann Bygholm, Micah D J Peters
OBJECTIVE: To identify all published nutritional screening instruments that have been validated in the adult population in primary healthcare settings and to report on their psychometric validity. INTRODUCTION: Within health care, there is an urgent need for the systematic collection of nursing care data in order to make visible what nurses do and to facilitate comparison, quality assurance, management, research and funding of nursing care. To be effective, nursing records should accurately and comprehensively document all required information to support safe and high quality care of patients...
January 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324539/trial-of-optimal-personalised-care-after-treatment-gynaecological-cancer-topcat-g-a-randomized-feasibility-trial
#16
Val Morrison, Llinos H Spencer, Nikki Totton, Kirstie Pye, Seow Tien Yeo, Caryl Butterworth, Liz Hall, Rhiannon Whitaker, Rhiannon Tudor Edwards, Laura J Timmis, Zoe Hoare, Richard D Neal, Clare Wilkinson, Simon Leeson
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of completing a parallel-group randomized controlled trial to compare usual follow-up care for women who have completed treatment of gynecological cancer against a nurse-led telephone intervention, known as Optimal Personalised Care After Treatment-Gynaecological. METHODS: The unblinded trial aimed to recruit patients who had completed treatment of cervical, endometrial, epithelial ovarian, or vulval cancer within the previous 3 months at 3 North Wales hospitals...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318326/-reimbursement-of-intensive-care-services-in-austria-use-of-the-lkf-system
#17
REVIEW
M Joannidis, S J Klein, P Metnitz, A Valentin
In Austria, the reimbursement of intensive care services is based on a Diagnosis-Related Groups (DRG) system which has been adapted to the Austrian framework conditions. Compared to Germany where economic considerations had led to personnel cuts, mandatory targets outlined in both the LKF ("Leistungsorientierte Krankenanstaltenfinanzierung", Performance-oriented Hospital Financing) and ÖSG ("Österreichischer Strukturplan Gesundheit", Austrian Health Care Structure Plan) plans ensure a high level of medical and intensive care...
January 9, 2018: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317012/prehospital-identification-of-patients-with-a-final-hospital-diagnosis-of-stroke
#18
Elin Andersson, Linda Bohlin, Johan Herlitz, Annelie J Sundler, Zoltán Fekete, Magnus Andersson Hagiwara
Introduction the early phase of stroke, minutes are critical. Since the majority of patients with stroke are transported by the Emergency Medical Service (EMS), the early handling and decision making by the EMS clinician is important. Problem The study aim was to evaluate the frequency of a documented suspicion of stroke by the EMS nurse, and to investigate differences in the clinical signs of stroke and clinical assessment in the prehospital setting among patients with regard to if there was a documented suspicion of stroke on EMS arrival or not, in patients with a final hospital diagnosis of stroke...
January 10, 2018: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316871/listeria-monocytogenes-sepsis-in-the-nursing-home-community-a-case-report-and-short-review-of-the-literature
#19
Griet Buyck, Veronique Devriendt, Anne-Marie Van den Abeele, Christian Bachmann
Objective and importance Listeria monocytogenes is a rare foodborne pathogen, causing both outbreaks and sporadic infections. Severe, systemic infections are more prevalent in at-risk populations, such as pregnant women, but occur mostly in older people and immunocompromised individuals. In this case report, we describe the presentation, diagnosis, and treatment of Listeria monocytogenes sepsis in an older patient, and we briefly review the literature about listeriosis and the importance of safe food practices...
January 9, 2018: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316297/prevalence-defining-characteristics-and-related-factors-of-the-nursing-diagnosis-of-anxiety-in-hospitalized-medical-surgical-patients
#20
Gianfranco Sanson, Annalisa Perrone, Adriana Fascì, Fabio D'Agostino
PURPOSE: To document the prevalence of the nursing diagnosis of anxiety in hospital patients, based on its level of severity, defining characteristics (DCs), and other related factors, and to identify the key DCs that serve as predictors of clinically significant anxiety (CSA). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. We enrolled 116 consecutive adult patients hospitalized from October 10 to 16, 2016, in medical-surgical wards within the first 48 hr of admission. METHODS: The potential DCs and related factors of anxiety were collected based on the NANDA International terminology...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
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