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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144545/music-therapy-for-depression
#1
REVIEW
Sonja Aalbers, Laura Fusar-Poli, Ruth E Freeman, Marinus Spreen, Johannes Cf Ket, Annemiek C Vink, Anna Maratos, Mike Crawford, Xi-Jing Chen, Christian Gold
BACKGROUND: Depression is a highly prevalent mood disorder that is characterised by persistent low mood, diminished interest, and loss of pleasure. Music therapy may be helpful in modulating moods and emotions. An update of the 2008 Cochrane review was needed to improve knowledge on effects of music therapy for depression. OBJECTIVES: 1. To assess effects of music therapy for depression in people of any age compared with treatment as usual (TAU) and psychological, pharmacological, and/or other therapies...
November 16, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143889/beyond-pathologizing-harm-understanding-ptsd-in-the-context-of-war-experience
#2
Patricia Benner, Jodi Halpern, Deborah R Gordon, Catherine Long Popell, Patricia W Kelley
An alternative to objectifying approaches to understanding Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) grounded in hermeneutic phenomenology is presented. Nurses who provided care for soldiers injured in the Iraq and Afghanistan wars, and sixty-seven wounded male servicemen in the rehabilitation phase of their recovery were interviewed. PTSD is the one major psychiatric diagnosis where social causation is established, yet PTSD is predominantly viewed in terms of the usual neuro-physiological causal models with traumatic social events viewed as pathogens with dose related effects...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140836/pyoderma-gangrenosum-a-critical-appraisal
#3
Eran Shavit, Afsaneh Alavi, R Gary Sibbald
GENERAL PURPOSE: To provide information about pyoderma gangrenosum (PG), including pathophysiology, diagnostic criteria, and treatment. TARGET AUDIENCE: This continuing education activity is intended for physicians, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, and nurses with an interest in skin and wound care. LEARNING OBJECTIVES/OUTCOMES: After participating in this educational activity, the participant should be better able to: ABSTRACT: Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) is an uncommon cutaneous disease, presenting with recurrent painful ulcerations most commonly on the lower extremities...
December 2017: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132771/-neonatal-herpes-epidemiology-clinical-manifestations-and-management-guidelines-for-clinical-practice-from-the-french-college-of-gynecologists-and-obstetricians-cngof
#4
L Renesme
OBJECTIVES: To describe the epidemiology of neonatal herpes and its risk factors, clinical and paraclinic manifestations, propose guidelines for a newborn at risk of neonatal herpes, describe treatment modalities, describe post-natal transmission and its prevention. METHODS: Bibliographic search from Medline, Cochrane Library databases and research of international clinical practice guidelines. RESULTS: Neonatal herpes is rare (about 20 cases per year in France) and mainly due to HSV 1 (level of evidence LE3)...
November 10, 2017: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131309/deaths-from-resident-to-resident-aggression-in-australian-nursing-homes
#5
Briony Murphy, Lyndal Bugeja, Jennifer Pilgrim, Joseph E Ibrahim
OBJECTIVES: To describe the frequency and nature of deaths from resident-to-resident aggression (RRA) in nursing homes in Australia. DESIGN: National population-based retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Accredited nursing homes in Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Residents whose deaths resulted from RRA and were reported to the coroner between July 1, 2000, and December 31, 2013. MEASUREMENTS: Cases were identified using the National Coronial Information System, and data on individual, interpersonal, organizational, and societal factors were collected through review of the paper-based coroners' files...
November 13, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129123/opinions-of-nurses-regarding-conscientious-objection
#6
Rafael Toro-Flores, Pilar Bravo-Agüi, María Victoria Catalán-Gómez, Marisa González-Hernando, María Jesús Guijarro-Cenisergue, Margarita Moreno-Vázquez, Isabel Roch-Hamelin, Tamara Raquel Velasco-Sanz
BACKGROUND: In the last decades, there have been important developments in the scientific and technological areas of healthcare. On certain occasions this provokes conflict between the patients' rights and the values of healthcare professionals which brings about, within this clinical relationship, the problem of conscientious objection. AIMS: To learn the opinions that the Nurses of the Madrid Autonomous Community have regarding conscientious objection. RESEARCH DESIGN: Cross-cutting descriptive study...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128297/role-of-geriatric-oncologists-in-optimizing-care-of-urological-oncology-patients
#7
REVIEW
Jean-Pierre Droz, Helen Boyle, Gilles Albrand, Nicolas Mottet, Martine Puts
CONTEXT: Urological cancers are common. Since the median age of diagnosis is 60-70 yr, many patients require geriatric as well as urological evaluation if treatment is to be tailored to individual health status including comorbidities and frailty. OBJECTIVE: To review the most important features of geriatric assessment and its expected benefits. We also consider ways in which collaboration between urologists and geriatricians and geriatric teams can benefit patient well-being...
November 8, 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126594/seeing-the-forest-beyond-the-trees-predicting-survival-in-burn-patients-with-machine-learning
#8
Adrienne N Cobb, Witawat Daungjaiboon, Sarah A Brownlee, Anthony J Baldea, Arthur P Sanford, Michael M Mosier, Paul C Kuo
BACKGROUND: This study aims to identify predictors of survival for burn patients at the patient and hospital level using machine learning techniques. METHODS: The HCUP SID for California, Florida and New York were used to identify patients admitted with a burn diagnosis and merged with hospital data from the AHA Annual Survey. Random forest and stochastic gradient boosting (SGB) were used to identify predictors of survival at the patient and hospital level from the top performing model...
November 7, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119044/nursing-review-of-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-lumbar-degenerative-spondylolisthesis
#9
Nancy E Epstein, Renee D Hollingsworth
Background: In the lumbar spine, degenerative spondylolisthesis or degenerative (not traumatic) slippage of one vertebral body over another is divided into 4 grades - grade I (25%), grade II (50%), grade III (75%), and grade IV (100%). Dynamic X-rays, magnetic resonance (MR), and computed tomography (CT) scans document the slip secondary to arthritic changes of the facet joint plus stenosis, ossification of the yellow ligament, disc herniations, and synovial cysts. MR best demonstrates soft tissue pathology whereas CT better delineates ossific/calcified disease...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117934/uses-of-mobile-device-digital-photography-of-dermatologic-conditions-in-primary-care
#10
Jennifer L Pecina, Kirk D Wyatt, Nneka I Comfere, Matthew E Bernard, Frederick North
BACKGROUND: PhotoExam is a mobile app that incorporates digital photographs into the electronic health record (EHR) using iPhone operating system (iOS, Apple Inc)-based mobile devices. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe usage patterns of PhotoExam in primary care and to assess clinician-level factors that influence the use of the PhotoExam app for teledermatology (TD) purposes. METHODS: Retrospective record review of primary care patients who had one or more photos taken with the PhotoExam app between February 16, 2015 to February 29, 2016 were reviewed for 30-day outcomes for rates of dermatology consult request, mode of dermatology consultation (curbside phone consult, eConsult, and in-person consult), specialty and training level of clinician using the app, performance of skin biopsy, and final pathological diagnosis (benign vs malignant)...
November 8, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115922/the-prevalence-of-dementia-in-a-portuguese-community-sample-a-10-66-dementia-research-group-study
#11
Manuel Gonçalves-Pereira, Ana Cardoso, Ana Verdelho, Joaquim Alves da Silva, Manuel Caldas de Almeida, Alexandra Fernandes, Cátia Raminhos, Cleusa P Ferri, A Matthew Prina, Martin Prince, Miguel Xavier
BACKGROUND: Dementia imposes a high burden of disease worldwide. Recent epidemiological studies in European community samples are scarce. In Portugal, community prevalence data is very limited. The 10/66 Dementia Research Group (DRG) population-based research programmes are focused in low and middle income countries, where the assessments proved to be culture and education fair. We applied the 10/66 DRG prevalence survey methodology in Portugal, where levels of illiteracy in older populations are still high...
November 7, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115769/importance-of-measuring-lactate-levels-in-children-with-sepsis
#12
Nisha Anil
Sepsis is a major public health problem as well as one of the leading causes of preventable death in children because of failure to recognise the early signs and symptoms and to resuscitate rapidly. Blood lactate levels are used to assess the severity of sepsis and the effectiveness of resuscitation. Lactate levels are easily obtainable and should be checked in all patients admitted with suspected sepsis within six hours of presentation. The test should be repeated four and eight-hours post-diagnosis of sepsis...
October 10, 2017: Nursing Children and Young People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115761/diagnosis-and-management-of-children-with-primary-ciliary-dyskinesia
#13
Amanda Harris
Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is a rare, genetic disorder of the motile cilia characterised by chronic lung disease, nasal and sinus disease, chronic ear infections with glue ear leading to possible hearing impairment, and subfertility. Half of patients have organ laterality defects. Despite symptoms being present from birth, PCD remains underdiagnosed. Early diagnosis and symptom management may reduce morbidity, improve quality of life and ensure children are adequately supported to meet their full potential...
September 11, 2017: Nursing Children and Young People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115578/characterization-of-prostate-cancer-cell-progression-in-zebrafish-xenograft-model
#14
Wei Xu, Brittany A Foster, Mackenzie Richards, Kenneth R Bondioli, Girish Shah, Christopher C Green
Early diagnosis of prostate cancer (PCa) is critical for the application of efficient treatment to PCa patients. However, the majority of PCas remains indolent from several months to several years before malignancy. Current diagnosis methods have limitations in their reliability and are inefficient in time cost. Thus, an efficient in vivo PCa cell xenograft model is highly desired for diagnostic studies in PCas. In the present study we present a standardized procedure to create a PCa cell xenograft model using zebrafish (Danio rerio) as the host...
November 6, 2017: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114990/contextualisation-of-patient-centred-care-a-comparative-qualitative-study-of-healthcare-professionals-approaches-to-communicating-with-seriously-ill-patients-about-their-dependent-children
#15
A Dencker, M Kristiansen, B A Rix, P Bøge, T Tjørnhøj-Thomsen
Patients' family relations play an important part in the provision of patient-centred cancer care, not least when healthcare professionals encounter seriously ill patients with dependent children. Little is known about how children are perceived and dealt with in clinical encounters. In this qualitative comparative study, we explore the influence of medical contexts in three Danish hospital wards, haematology, oncological gynaecology and neuro-intensive care, on communication with patients about their children...
November 7, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114558/predictors-of-caregiver-burden-in-iranian-family-caregivers-of-cancer-patients
#16
Seyed Reza Mirsoleymani, Camelia Rohani, Mahsa Matbouei, Malihe Nasiri, Parvaneh Vasli
BACKGROUND: Caregiver burden threatens the psychological, emotional, functional and even physical health of caregivers. The aims of this study were to determine caregiver burden and family distress and the relationship between them, also to explore predictors of caregiver burden in a sample of Iranian family caregivers of cancer patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study with correlational design. A total of 104 family caregivers of cancer patients were asked to respond to the Caregiver Burden Inventory (CBI) and the Family Distress Index (FDI) together with a sociodemographic questionnaire...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112241/periodontal-therapy-for-the-management-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-patients-with-chronic-periodontitis
#17
REVIEW
Chunjie Li, Zongkai Lv, Zongdao Shi, Ye Zhu, Yafei Wu, Longjiang Li, Zipporah Iheozor-Ejiofor
BACKGROUND: There is an association between chronic periodontitis and cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, it is not known whether periodontal therapy could prevent or manage CVD in patients with chronic periodontitis. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this systematic review was to investigate the effects of periodontal therapy in preventing the occurrence of, and management or recurrence of, CVD in patients with chronic periodontitis. SEARCH METHODS: Cochrane Oral Health's Information Specialist searched the following databases: Cochrane Oral Health's Trials Register (to 31 August 2017), the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (the Cochrane Library, 2017, Issue 7), MEDLINE Ovid (1946 to 31 August 2017), Embase Ovid (1980 to 31 August 2017) and the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL EBSCO) (1937 to 31 August 2017) ...
November 7, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107164/subarachnoid-hemorrhage-and-readmissions-national-rates-causes-risk-factors-and-outcomes-in-16-001-hospitalized-patients
#18
Kavelin Rumalla, Kyle A Smith, Paul M Arnold, Manoj K Mittal
INTRODUCTION: The acute complications of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) often lead to readmissions, which are linked to hospital reimbursement. The national rates, causes, risk factors, and outcomes associated with 30-day and 90-day readmission following aSAH have not previously been reported. METHODS: The Nationwide Readmissions Database was queried from January through September 2013 for all patients (age ≥ 18) with a diagnosis of aSAH. Data points included demographics, comorbidities, complications, and discharge outcomes...
October 26, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105357/an-exploration-of-nursing-students-clinical-decision-making-process
#19
Ayten Zaybak, Handan Özdemir, Ahmet Erol, Elif Günay Ismailoğlu
PURPOSE: This study was carried out descriptively and retrospectively with the purpose of determining nursing diagnoses used by intern students in their clinical practice. METHODS: The study data were obtained by checking the care plans of the internship files of 248 students studying at a nursing faculty. FINDINGS: The students determined 77 different nursing diagnoses in 13 domains of North American Nursing Diagnosis Association (NANDA)-I taxonomy II...
November 3, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Knowledge
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105149/a-pilot-study-investigating-the-feasibility-of-symptom-assessment-manager-sam-a-web-based-real-time-tool-for-monitoring-challenging-behaviors
#20
Samantha M Loi, Sangeeth Wanasinghage, Anita Goh, Nicola T Lautenschlager, David G Darby, Dennis Velakoulis
OBJECTIVE: Improving and minimizing challenging behaviors seen in psychiatric conditions, including behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia are important in the care of people with these conditions. Yet there is a lack of systematic evaluation of these as a part of routine clinical care. The Neuropsychiatric Inventory is a validated and reliable tool for rating the severity and disruptiveness of challenging behaviors. We report on the evaluation of a Web-based symptom assessment manager (SAM), designed to address the limitation of previous tools using some of the Neuropsychiatric Inventory functions, to monitor behaviors by staff caring for people with dementia and other psychiatric conditions in inpatient and residential care settings...
November 3, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
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