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Collagen crosslinking

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899371/refractive-improvements-and-safety-with-topography-guided-corneal-crosslinking-for-keratoconus-1-year-results
#1
Maria Nordström, Maria Schiller, Anneli Fredriksson, Anders Behndig
PURPOSE: To assess the refractive improvements and the corneal endothelial safety of an individualised topography-guided regimen for corneal crosslinking in progressive keratoconus. METHODS: An open-label prospective randomised clinical trial was performed at the Department of Clinical Sciences, Ophthalmology, Umeå University Hospital, Umeå, Sweden. Thirty-seven patients (50 eyes) with progressive keratoconus planned for corneal crosslinking were included. The patients were randomised to topography-guided crosslinking (photorefractive intrastromal crosslinking (PiXL); n=25) or uniform 9 mm crosslinking (corneal collagen crosslinking (CXL); n=25)...
November 29, 2016: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897156/quantitative-evaluation-of-the-mechanical-risks-caused-by-focal-cartilage-defects-in-the-knee
#2
Mikko S Venäläinen, Mika E Mononen, Jari Salo, Lasse P Räsänen, Jukka S Jurvelin, Juha Töyräs, Tuomas Virén, Rami K Korhonen
Focal cartilage lesions can proceed to severe osteoarthritis or remain unaltered even for years. A method to identify high risk defects would be of utmost importance to guide clinical decision making and to identify the patients that are at the highest risk for the onset and progression of osteoarthritis. Based on cone beam computed tomography arthrography, we present a novel computational model for evaluating changes in local mechanical responses around cartilage defects. Our model, based on data obtained from a human knee in vivo, demonstrated that the most substantial alterations around the defect, as compared to the intact tissue, were observed in minimum principal (compressive) strains and shear strains...
November 29, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886065/dual-function-of-glucosamine-in-gelatin-hyaluronic-acid-cryogel-to-modulate-scaffold-mechanical-properties-and-to-maintain-chondrogenic-phenotype-for-cartilage-tissue-engineering
#3
Chih-Hao Chen, Chang-Yi Kuo, Yan-Jie Wang, Jyh-Ping Chen
Glucosamine (GlcN) fulfills many of the requirements as an ideal component in scaffolds used in cartilage tissue engineering. The incorporation of GlcN in a gelatin/hyaluronic acid (GH) cryogel scaffold could provide biological cues in maintaining the phenotype of chondrocytes. Nonetheless, substituting gelatin with GlcN may also decrease the crosslinking density and modulate the mechanical properties of the cryogel scaffold, which may be beneficial as physical cues for chondrocytes in the scaffold. Thus, we prepared cryogel scaffolds containing 9% GlcN (GH-GlcN9) and 16% GlcN (GH-GlcN16) by carbodiimide-mediated crosslinking reactions at -16 °C...
November 23, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885904/the-effect-of-p2y12-inhibition-on-platelet-activation-assessed-with-aggregation-and-flow-cytometry-based-assays
#4
Tesse C Leunissen, Peter Paul Wisman, Thijs C van Holten, Philip G de Groot, Suzanne J Korporaal, Arnold C Koekman, Frans L Moll, Martin Teraa, Marianne C Verhaar, Gert Jan de Borst, Rolf T Urbanus, Mark Roest
Patients on P2Y12 inhibitors may still develop thrombosis or bleeding complications. Tailored antiplatelet therapy, based on platelet reactivity testing, might reduce these complications. Several tests have been used, but failed to show a benefit of tailored antiplatelet therapy. This could be due to the narrowness of current platelet reactivity tests, which are limited to analysis of platelet aggregation after stimulation of the adenosine diphosphate (ADP)-pathway. However, the response to ADP does not necessarily reflect the effect of P2Y12 inhibition on platelet function in vivo...
November 25, 2016: Platelets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876074/combined-detection-of-serum-ctx-ii-and-comp-concentrations-in-osteoarthritis-model-rabbits-an-effective-technique-for-early-diagnosis-and-estimation-of-disease-severity
#5
Bin Bai, Yanqin Li
BACKGROUND: Early diagnosis of osteoarthritis (OA) is difficult. Cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP) and crosslinked C-telopeptides of type II collagen (CTX-II) are two markers which can potentially predict the destruction of articular cartilage of early OA. To comprehensively evaluate the diagnosis value of serum COMP and CTX-II markers in OA, the longitudinal and combined measurement of serum COMP and CTX-II were performed at different stages of pathological process of OA in adult rabbits with OA, compared with the sham-operated rabbits...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875930/hybrid-aorta-constructs-via-in-situ-crosslinking-of-poly-glycerol-sebacate-elastomer-within-a-decellularized-matrix
#6
Selcan Guler, Pezhman Hosseinian, Halil Murat Aydin
Decellularization of tissues and organs has high potential to obtain unique conformation and composition as native tissue structure but may result with weaken tissue mechanical strength. In this study poly(glycerol-sebacate) (PGS) elastomers were combined with decellularized aortae fragments to investigate the changes in mechanical properties. PGS prepolymer was synthesized via microwave irradiation then in-situ cross-linked within the decellularized aorta ECM. Tensile strength (σ) values were found comparable as 0...
November 22, 2016: Tissue Engineering. Part C, Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872012/biomimetic-collagen-elastin-meshes-for-ventral-hernia-repair-in-a-rat-model
#7
Silvia Minardi, Francesca Taraballi, Xin Wang, Fernando J Cabrera, Jeffrey L Van Eps, Andrew B Robbins, Monica Sandri, Michael R Moreno, Bradley K Weiner, Ennio Tasciotti
: Ventral hernia repair remains a major clinical need. Herein, we formulated a type I collagen/elastin crosslinked blend (CollE) for the fabrication of biomimetic meshes for ventral hernia repair. To evaluate the effect of architecture on the performance of the implants, CollE was formulated both as flat sheets (CollE Sheets) and porous scaffolds (CollE Scaffolds). The morphology, hydrophylicity and in vitro degradation were assessed by SEM, water contact angle and differential scanning calorimetry, respectively...
November 18, 2016: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866057/effect-of-crosslinking-in-cartilage-like-collagen-microstructures
#8
Ying-Chun Chen, Minsi Chen, Eamonn A Gaffney, Cameron P Brown
The mechanical performance of biological tissues is underpinned by a complex and finely balanced structure. Central to this is collagen, the most abundant protein in our bodies, which plays a dominant role in the functioning of tissues, and also in disease. Based on the collagen meshwork of articular cartilage, we have developed a bottom-up spring-node model of collagen and examined the effect of fibril connectivity, implemented by crosslinking, on mechanical behaviour. Although changing individual crosslink stiffness within an order of magnitude had no significant effect on modelling predictions, the density of crosslinks in a meshwork had a substantial impact on its behaviour...
October 15, 2016: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856711/pulmonary-vascular-collagen-content-not-cross-linking-contributes-to-right-ventricular-pulsatile-afterload-and-overload-in-early-pulmonary-hypertension
#9
Zhijie Wang, David A Schreier, Hinnah Abid, Timothy A Hacker, Naomi C Chesler
Hypoxic pulmonary hypertension (HPH) is associated with pulmonary artery (PA) remodeling and right ventricular (RV) overload. We have previously uncovered collagen-mediated mechanisms of proximal PA stiffening in early HPH by manipulating collagen degradation and crosslinking using a transgenic mouse strain and a potent collagen cross-link inhibitor β-aminopropionitrile (BAPN). However, the roles of collagen in distal PA remodeling, overall RV afterload and RV hypertrophy in HPH remain unknown. Here, we used the same experimental strategy to investigate the impact of pulmonary vascular collagen content and cross-linking on steady and pulsatile RV afterload as well as RV hypertrophy in early HPH...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847751/effects-of-proanthocyanidin-a-crosslinking-agent-on-physical-and-biological-properties-of-collagen-hydrogel-scaffold
#10
Yoorina Choi, Hee-Jin Kim, Kyung-San Min
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effects of proanthocyanidin (PAC), a crosslinking agent, on the physical properties of a collagen hydrogel and the behavior of human periodontal ligament cells (hPDLCs) cultured in the scaffold. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Viability of hPDLCs treated with PAC was measured using the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. The physical properties of PAC treated collagen hydrogel scaffold were evaluated by the measurement of setting time, surface roughness, and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC)...
November 2016: Restorative Dentistry & Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829073/%C3%AE-aminopropionitrile-induced-reduction-in-enzymatic-crosslinking-causes-in-vitro-changes-in-collagen-morphology-and-molecular-composition
#11
Silvia P Canelón, Joseph M Wallace
Type I collagen morphology can be characterized using fibril D-spacing, a metric which describes the periodicity of repeating bands of gap and overlap regions of collagen molecules arranged into collagen fibrils. This fibrillar structure is stabilized by enzymatic crosslinks initiated by lysyl oxidase (LOX), a step which can be disrupted using β-aminopropionitrile (BAPN). Murine in vivo studies have confirmed effects of BAPN on collagen nanostructure and the objective of this study was to evaluate the mechanism of these effects in vitro by measuring D-spacing, evaluating the ratio of mature to immature crosslinks, and quantifying gene expression of type I collagen and LOX...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826545/the-association-between-bone-turnover-markers-and-microvascular-complications-of-type-2-diabetes
#12
Zhila Maghbooli, Parisa Shabani, Sattar Gorgani-Firuzjaee, Arash Hossein-Nezhad
BACKGROUND: Global epidemic of diabetes is a serious health care concern because of its complications and consequently reduced life expectancy and increased morbidity. However, the bone turnover and thus bone health may be affected or even compromised by diabetes and its complications. The aim of this study was to assess whether bone turnover markers are associated with diabetes micro-vascular complications. METHODS: A total of 204 type 2 diabetes patients (104 patients with diabetic micro-vascular complications (retinopathy and/or nephropathy) as a case group and 100 patients without retinopathy and/or nephropathy) as a control group were recruited in this case-control study...
2016: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806444/engineering-specific-chemical-modification-sites-into-a-collagen-like-protein-from-streptococcus-pyogenes
#13
Violet Stoichevska, Yong Y Peng, Aditya V Vashi, Jerome A Werkmeister, Geoff J Dumsday, John A M Ramshaw
Recombinant bacterial collagens provide a new opportunity for safe biomedical materials. They are readily expressed in E. coli in good yield and can be readily purified by simple approaches. However, recombinant proteins are limited in that direct secondary modification during expression is generally not easily achieved. Thus, inclusion of unusual amino acids, cyclic peptides, sugars, lipids and other complex functions generally needs to be achieved chemically after synthesis and extraction. In the present study we have illustrated that bacterial collagens that have had their sequences modified to include cysteine residue(s), which are not normally present in bacterial collagen-like sequences, enable a range of specific chemical modification reactions to be produced...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800687/latent-oxidative-polymerization-of-catecholamines-as-potential-crosslinkers-for-biocompatible-and-multifunctional-biopolymer-scaffolds
#14
Chetna Dhand, Veluchamy Amutha Barathi, Seow Theng Ong, Mayandi Venkatesh, Sriram Harini, Neeraj Dwivedi, Eunice Tze Leng Goh, Muruganantham Nandhakumar, Jayarama Reddy Venugopal, Silvia Marrero Diaz, Mobashar Hussain Urf Turabe Fazil, Xian Jun Loh, Liu Shou Ping, Roger W Beuerman, Navin Kumar Verma, Seeram Ramakrishna, Rajamani Lakshminarayanan
Electrospinning of naturally occurring biopolymers for biological applications requires post-spinning crosslinking for endurance in protease-rich microenvironments and prevention of rapid dissolution. The most commonly used crosslinkers often generate cytotoxic byproducts, necessitate high concentrations or time-consuming procedures. Herein, we report the addition of "safe" catecholamine crosslinkers to collagen or gelatin dope solutions followed by electrospinning yielded junction-containing nanofibrous mats...
November 1, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798959/injectable-uncrosslinked-biomimetic-hydrogels-as-candidate-scaffolds-for-neural-stem-cell-delivery
#15
Kurt Farrell, Jyotsna Joshi, Chandrasekhar R Kothapalli
Mammalian central nervous system has a limited ability for self-repair under diseased or injury conditions. Repair strategies focused on exogenously delivering autologous neural stem cells (NSCs) to replace lost neuronal populations and axonal pathways in situ, and promote endogenous repair mechanisms are gaining traction. Successful outcomes are contingent on selecting an appropriate delivery vehicle for injecting cells that promotes cell retention and survival, elicits differentiation to desired lineages, and enhances axonal outgrowth upon integration into the host tissue...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775890/injectable-polypeptide-hydrogels-with-tunable-microenvironment-for-3d-spreading-and-chondrogenic-differentiation-of-bone-marrow-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#16
Kaixuan Ren, Haitao Cui, Qinghua Xu, Chaoliang He, Gao Li, Xuesi Chen
Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) possess vast potential for tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. In this study, an injectable hydrogel comprising poly(L-glutamic acid)-graft-tyramine (PLG-g-TA) with tunable microenvironment was developed via enzyme-catalyzed crosslinking, and used as artificial extracellular matrix (ECM) to explore the behaviors of BMSCs during three dimensional (3D) culture. It was found that the mechanical property, porous structure as well as degradation process of the hydrogels could be tuned by changing the copolymer concentration...
October 24, 2016: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770022/lysyl-oxidase-like-2-crosslinks-collagen-iv-of-glomerular-basement-membrane
#17
Carolina Anazco, Alberto J Lopez-Jimenez, Mohamed Rafi, Lorenzo Vega-Montoto, Ming-Zhi Zhang, Billy G Hudson, Roberto M Vanacore
The 7S dodecamer is recognized as an important structural crosslinking domain of collagen IV networks that provide mechanical stability to basement membranes, a specialized form of extracellular matrix essential for the development and maintenance of tissue architecture. Although the 7S dodecamer is stabilized by covalent crosslinking, the molecular mechanism by which such crosslinks are formed has not been revealed. Here we aimed to identify the enzyme(s) that crosslinks the 7S dodecamer and characterize its expression in the kidney glomerulus...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769988/influencing-the-tumor-microenvironment-phase-2-study-of-copper-depletion-with-tetrathiomolybdate-in-high-risk-breast-cancer-and-preclinical-models-of-lung-metastases
#18
Nancy Chan, Amy Willis, Naomi Kornhauser, Maureen M Ward, Sharrell B Lee, Eleni Nackos, Bo Ri Seo, Ellen Chuang, Tessa Cigler, Anne Moore, Diana Donovan, Marta Vallee Cobham, Veronica Fitzpatrick, Sarah Schneider, Alysia Wiener, Jessica Guillaume-Abraham, Elnaz Anjom, Richard Zelkowitz, J David Warren, Maureen E Lane, Claudia Fischbach, Vivek Mittal, Linda Vahdat
PURPOSE: Bone marrow derived progenitor cells; including VEGFR2+ endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) and copper-dependent pathways model the tumor microenvironment. We hypothesized that copper depletion (CD) using tetrathiomolybdate (TM) would reduce EPCs in high risk for relapse breast cancer (BC) patients (pts). We investigated the effect of TM on the tumor microenvironment in preclinical models. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Stage 2 triple negative BC (TNBC), Stage 3 and stage 4 without any evidence of disease, (NED) BC pts, received oral TM to maintain ceruloplasmin (Cp) between 8-17mg/dL for 2 years or until relapse...
October 21, 2016: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767357/laser-vision-correction-with-q-factor-modification-for-keratoconus-management
#19
Natasha Kishore Pahuja, Rohit Shetty, Abhijit Sinha Roy, Maithil Mukesh Thakkar, Chaitra Jayadev, Rudy Mma Nuijts, Harsha Nagaraja
PURPOSE: To evaluate the outcomes of corneal laser ablation with Q factor modification for vision correction in patients with progressive keratoconus. METHODS: In this prospective study, 50 eyes of 50 patients were divided into two groups based on Q factor (>-1 in Group I and ≤-1 in Group II). All patients underwent a detailed ophthalmic examination including uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA), corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), subjective acceptance and corneal topography using the Pentacam...
October 21, 2016: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759615/photochemical-tissue-passivation-attenuates-av-fistula-intimal-hyperplasia
#20
Robert N Goldstone, Michael C McCormack, Rachel L Goldstein, Srivalleesha Mallidi, Mark A Randolph, Michael T Watkins, Robert W Redmond, William G Austen
OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that decreasing vein compliance would protect the vein against stretch injury and reduce intimal hyperplasia (IH). BACKGROUND: Although arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) are the criterion standard for vascular access, their effectiveness is limited by poor patency with 40% to 60% failing due to IH. Venous stretch injury from exposure to arterial pressure induces IH. Photochemical tissue passivation (PTP) crosslinks adventitial collagen, decreasing vein compliance to resemble that of an artery...
October 17, 2016: Annals of Surgery
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