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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105067/current-state-and-future-prospects-for-psychosomatic-medicine-in-japan
#1
REVIEW
Masato Murakami, Yoshihide Nakai
In this article, we describe the history and current state of psychosomatic medicine (PSM) in Japan and propose measures that could be considered based on our view of the future prospects of PSM in Japan. The Japanese Society of PSM (JSPM) was established in 1959, and the first Department of Psychosomatic Internal Medicine in Japan was established at Kyushu University In 1963. PSM in Japan has shown a prominent, unique development, with 3,300 members (as of March 2016), comprised of 71.6% of medical doctors including psychosomatic internal medicine (PIM) specialists, general internists, psychiatrists, pediatricians, obstetricians and gynecologists, dentists, dermatologists, and others...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032078/adolescents-interpretation-of-the-concept-of-wellness-a-qualitative-study
#2
Ezihe Loretta Ahanonu, Karien Jooste
Introduction: This study sought to explore and describe the interpretation which adolescents ascribe to the term wellness at a selected high school in the Western Cape Province of South Africa. Methods: A qualitative research design was utilized. Nine focus-group discussions were conducted among 58 adolescents. Sample was selected purposefully and collected data was analyzed using open coding. Results: Findings reflected adolescents' interpretations of the term wellness in the realm of holistic well-being transcending the nonexistence of illness or sickness in the body...
December 2016: Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029852/impact-of-a-mindfulness-based-weight-loss-intervention-on-sleep-quality-among-adults-with-obesity-data-from-the-shine-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Elizabeth Adler, Anand Dhruva, Patricia J Moran, Jennifer Daubenmier, Michael Acree, Elissa S Epel, Peter Bacchetti, Aric A Prather, Ashley Mason, Frederick M Hecht
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Sleep disturbance is a common problem among adults with obesity. Mindfulness interventions have been shown to improve sleep quality in various populations but have not been investigated in adults with obesity. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of a mindfulness-based weight-loss intervention with an active control on self-reported sleep quality among adults with obesity. METHOD: This study was a secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial and included 194 adults with a body mass index in the range 30-45 kg/m(2)...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018269/theory-of-mind-and-its-neuropsychological-and-quality-of-life-correlates-in-the-early-stages-of-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#4
Francesca Trojsi, Mattia Siciliano, Antonio Russo, Carla Passaniti, Cinzia Femiano, Teresa Ferrantino, Stefania De Liguoro, Luigi Lavorgna, Maria R Monsurrò, Gioacchino Tedeschi, Gabriella Santangelo
This study aims to explore the potential impairment of Theory of Mind (ToM; i.e., the ability to represent cognitive and affective mental states to both self and others) and the clinical, neuropsychological and Quality of Life (QoL) correlates of these cognitive abnormalities in the early stages of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), a multisystem neurodegenerative disease recently recognized as a part of the same clinical and pathological spectrum of frontotemporal lobar degeneration. Twenty-two consecutive, cognitively intact ALS patients, and 15 healthy controls, underwent assessment of executive, verbal comprehension, visuospatial, behavioral, and QoL measures, as well as of the ToM abilities by Emotion Attribution Task (EAT), Advanced Test of ToM (ATT), and Eyes Task (ET)...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008371/mindful-climate-action-health-and-environmental-co-benefits-from-mindfulness-based-behavioral-training
#5
Bruce Barrett, Maggie Grabow, Cathy Middlecamp, Margaret Mooney, Mary M Checovich, Alexander K Converse, Bob Gillespie, Julia Yates
Greenhouse gases from human activities are causing climate change, creating risks for people around the globe. Behaviors involving transportation, diet, energy use, and purchasing drive greenhouse gas emissions, but are also related to health and well-being, providing opportunity for co-benefits. Replacing shorter automobile trips with walking or cycling, or eating plants rather than animals, for example, may increase personal health, while also reducing environmental impact. Mindfulness-based practices have been shown to enhance a variety of health outcomes, but have not been adapted towards environmental purposes...
October 2016: Sustainability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994927/an-unusual-neck-mass-ingested-chicken-bone
#6
Erhan Demirhan, Metin İber, Özlem Yağız, Tolga Kandoğan, İbrahim Çukurova
BACKGROUND: Foreign bodies in the upper aerodigestive tract are frequently seen in otolaryngological practice, but migration of an ingested foreign body to the neck is a very rare condition. CASE REPORT: We present a 66-year-old woman admitted to our outpatient department with a painful neck mass. She had a history of emergency department admission 4 months prior with odynophagia after eating chicken meal. A physical examination revealed a painful and hyperemic mass on the left neck...
November 2016: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915166/-i-can-t-accept-that-feeling-relationships-between-interoceptive-awareness-mindfulness-and-eating-disorder-symptoms-in-females-with-and-at-risk-of-an-eating-disorder
#7
Paul Lattimore, Bethan R Mead, Leanne Irwin, Lorna Grice, Ruth Carson, Peter Malinowski
Mindfulness based therapies (MBTs) for eating disorders show potential benefit for outcomes yet evidence is scarce regarding the mechanisms by which they influence remission from symptoms. One way that mindfulness approaches create positive outcomes is through enhancement of emotion regulation skills. Maladaptive emotion regulation is a key psychological feature of all eating disorders. The aim of the current study was to identify facets of emotion regulation involved in the relationship between mindfulness and maladaptive eating behaviours...
January 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906104/the-effects-of-computer-based-mindfulness-training-on-self-control-and-mindfulness-within-ambulatorily-assessed-network-systems-across-health-related-domains-in-a-healthy-student-population-smash-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Zarah Rowland, Mario Wenzel, Thomas Kubiak
BACKGROUND: Self-control is an important ability in everyday life, showing associations with health-related outcomes. The aim of the Self-control and Mindfulness within Ambulatorily assessed network Systems across Health-related domains (SMASH) study is twofold: first, the effectiveness of a computer-based mindfulness training will be evaluated in a randomized controlled trial. Second, the SMASH study implements a novel network approach in order to investigate complex temporal interdependencies of self-control networks across several domains...
December 1, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890474/an-exploratory-study-of-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-for-emotional-eating
#9
Emily Levoy, Asimina Lazaridou, Judson Brewer, Carl Fulwiler
Emotional eating is an important predictor of weight loss and weight regain after weight loss. This two part study's primary aim was to explore changes in emotional eating in a general population of individuals taking the Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) program, with a secondary aim to explore whether changes in mindfulness predicted changes in emotional eating. Self-reported survey data exploring these questions were collected before and after the intervention for two sequential studies (Study 1 and Study 2)...
February 1, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862826/mindfulness-based-interventions-for-adults-who-are-overweight-or-obese-a-meta-analysis-of-physical-and-psychological-health-outcomes
#10
REVIEW
Jeffrey M Rogers, Madeleine Ferrari, Kylie Mosely, Cathryne P Lang, Leah Brennan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of mindfulness-based interventions on psychological and physical health outcomes in adults who are overweight or obese. METHODS: We searched 14 electronic databases for randomized controlled trials and prospective cohort studies that met eligibility criteria. Comprehensive Meta-analysis software was used to compute the effect size estimate Hedge's g. RESULTS: Fifteen studies measuring post-treatment outcomes of mindfulness-based interventions in 560 individuals were identified...
January 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852886/incorporating-psychoeducation-mindfulness-and-self-compassion-in-a-new-programme-for-binge-eating-befree-exploring-processes-of-change
#11
José Pinto-Gouveia, Sérgio A Carvalho, Lara Palmeira, Paula Castilho, Cristiana Duarte, Cláudia Ferreira, Joana Duarte, Marina Cunha, Marcela Matos, Joana Costa
This study explores the efficacy of BEfree, a 12-session group intervention that integrates psychoeducation, mindfulness, compassion and value-based action, in a sample of overweight and obese women with binge eating disorder (N = 31). We used repeated measures analyses of variance and explored processes of change in binge eating and eating psychopathology. At post-intervention, participants decreased in binge eating severity, eating psychopathology, external shame, self-criticism, psychological inflexibility, body image cognitive fusion and increased self-compassion and engagement with valued actions...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821369/exploring-the-mind-s-eye-contents-and-characteristics-of-mental-images-in-overweight-individuals-with-binge-eating-behaviour
#12
Rebecca Dugué, Silke Keller, Brunna Tuschen-Caffier, Gitta A Jacob
Mental images play a role in various mental disorders and are strongly associated with emotions. Negative emotions and their regulation are important in eating disorders. However, research on mental imagery in eating disorders is still scarce. We investigated mental images and their relation to distress and eating disorder psychopathology in individuals with binge eating behaviour. Content and characteristics of mental images and their relation to psychopathology of 21 individuals with binge eating behaviour, 19 mixed patient controls and 21 healthy controls have been assessed with a semi-structured interview...
December 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808529/mindful-eating-reduces-impulsive-food-choice-in-adolescents-and-adults
#13
Kelsie L Hendrickson, Erin B Rasmussen
Objective: The present study tested the extent to which age and obesity predicted impulsive choices for food and monetary outcomes and tested how a brief mindful-eating training would alter delay discounting for food and money choices compared with control groups. Method: First, 172 adolescents (Mage = 13.13 years) and 176 (Mage = 23.33 years) adults completed the Food Choice Questionnaire (FCQ) and Monetary Choice Questionnaire (MCQ) as measures of food and money delay discounting, respectively. Then, participants returned to the lab and were randomly assigned to complete a brief mindful-eating training, watch a DVD on nutrition, or serve as a control...
November 3, 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797660/group-based-yogic-weight-loss-with-ayurveda-inspired-components-a-pilot-investigation-of-female-yoga-practitioners-and-novices
#14
Tosca D Braun, Crystal L Park, Amy A Gorin, Hilary Garivaltis, Jessica J Noggle, Lisa A Conboy
INTRODUCTION: Overweight/obesity is a pressing international health concern and conventional treatments demonstrate poor long-term efficacy. Preliminary evidence suggests yoga and Ayurveda may be promising approaches, although recent NHIS estimates indicate rare utilization of Ayurveda in the US. Group-based curricula that integrate yoga and Ayurveda-inspired principles to attenuate overweight and obesity across individuals may prove a feasible, disseminable clinical adjunct to facilitate psychosocial health and weight loss and/or maintenance...
January 2016: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759992/eating-attitudes-body-image-and-risk-for-eating-disorders-in-a-group-of-spanish-dancers
#15
Ignacio Jáuregui Lobera, Patricia Bolaños-Ríos, Eva Valero-Blanco, Ángeles Ortega-de-la-Torre
INTRODUCTION: Prevalence of eating disorders (ED) and discrepancies between actual weight and weight perception seem much higher in dancers. The aims analysed in 77 dancers were: risk for ED; relationship between eating attitudes and psychological variables; dieting and self-weighing, and body image distortion. METHOD: Weight- and body image-related variables, dieting, self-reported physical fitness, specific ED-related variables and other psychological variables were assessed...
September 20, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742602/teaching-intuitive-eating-and-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-skills-via-a-web-based-intervention-a-pilot-single-arm-intervention-study
#16
Sara Boucher, Olivia Edwards, Andrew Gray, Shyamala Nada-Raja, Jason Lillis, Tracy L Tylka, Caroline C Horwath
BACKGROUND: Middle-aged women are at risk of weight gain and associated comorbidities. Deliberate restriction of food intake (dieting) produces short-term weight loss but is largely unsuccessful for long-term weight management. Two promising approaches for the prevention of weight gain are intuitive eating (ie, eating in accordance with hunger and satiety signals) and the development of greater psychological flexibility (ie, the aim of acceptance and commitment therapy [ACT]). OBJECTIVES: This pilot study investigated the usage, acceptability, and feasibility of "Mind, Body, Food," a Web-based weight gain prevention intervention prototype that teaches intuitive eating and psychological flexibility skills...
October 14, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698102/women-s-health-and-mindfulness-wham-a-randomized-intervention-among-older-lesbian-bisexual-women
#17
Natalie Ingraham, Dawn Harbatkin, Jennifer Lorvick, Marj Plumb, Alexandra M Minnis
INTRODUCTION: Lesbian and bisexual (LB) women have higher body weight than heterosexual women. Interventions focused on health and well-being versus weight loss may be more likely to succeed among LB women. This article describes effects of Women's Health and Mindfulness, a 12-week pilot intervention addressing mindfulness, healthy eating, and physical activity, on outcomes associated with chronic disease risk among overweight and obese LB women older than 40 years. METHOD: Eighty women were randomized, using a stepped-wedge design, to either an immediate- or a delayed-start intervention group; the delayed-start group served as the control...
October 2, 2016: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670866/a-mindful-eating-intervention-a-theory-guided-randomized-anti-obesity-feasibility-study-with-adolescent-latino-females
#18
Patricia Daly, Thaddeus Pace, Judith Berg, Usha Menon, Laura A Szalacha
UNLABELLED: While pediatric anti-obesity lifestyle interventions have received considerable attention, few show sustained impact on body mass index (BMI). Using the Information-Motivation-Behavioral Skills Theory as a framework, we examined the effects of a satiety-focused mindful eating intervention (MEI) on BMI, weight and mindful awareness. METHOD: HASH(0x36b2b90) DESIGN AND SETTING: Utilizing a two-group, repeated measures design, 37 adolescent females with a BMI >90th percentile, recruited from a public high school in a Latino community in the Southwestern United States, were randomized 2:1, one third to the group receiving a 6-week MEI and two thirds to the comparison group (CG) receiving the usual care (nutrition and exercise information)...
October 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670865/a-mindfulness-based-intervention-to-control-weight-after-bariatric-surgery-preliminary-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial
#19
Sara A Chacko, Gloria Y Yeh, Roger B Davis, Christina C Wee
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to develop and test a novel mindfulness-based intervention (MBI) designed to control weight after bariatric surgery. DESIGN: Randomized, controlled pilot trial. SETTING: Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA. INTERVENTIONS: Bariatric patients 1-5 years post-surgery (n=18) were randomized to receive a 10-week MBI or a standard intervention. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Primary outcomes were feasibility and acceptability of the MBI...
October 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658995/the-effects-of-mindfulness-training-on-weight-loss-and-health-related-behaviours-in-adults-with-overweight-and-obesity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Alexis Ruffault, Sébastien Czernichow, Martin S Hagger, Margot Ferrand, Nelly Erichot, Claire Carette, Emilie Boujut, Cécile Flahault
The aim of this study was to conduct a comprehensive quantitative synthesis of the effects of mindfulness training interventions on weight-loss and health behaviours in adults with overweight and obesity using meta-analytic techniques. Studies included in the analysis (k=12) were randomised controlled trials investigating the effects of any form of mindfulness training on weight loss, impulsive eating, binge eating, or physical activity participation in adults with overweight and obesity. Random effects meta-analysis revealed that mindfulness training had no significant effect on weight loss, but an overall negative effect on impulsive eating (d=-1...
September 19, 2016: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
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