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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214555/how-to-respond-to-resistiveness-towards-assistive-technologies-among-persons-with-dementia
#1
Anders Nordgren
It is a common experience among care professionals that persons with dementia often say 'no' to conventional caring measures such as taking medication, eating or having a shower. This tendency to say 'no' may also concern the use of assistive technologies such as fall detectors, mobile safety alarms, Internet for social contact and robots. This paper provides practical recommendations for care professionals in home health care and social care about how to respond to such resistiveness towards assistive technologies...
December 6, 2017: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211681/effect-of-mindfulness-meditation-on-short-term-weight-loss-and-eating-behaviors-in-overweight-and-obese-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Kathleen C Spadaro, Kelliann K Davis, Susan M Sereika, Bethany B Gibbs, John M Jakicic, Susan M Cohen
Background There is a significant health crisis with rates of obesity continuing to increase despite research and clinical standard behavioral weight loss programs (SBWP). Mindfulness meditation (MM), with demonstrated benefits on physical, psychological health, and self-regulation behaviors was explored with SBWP. Methods Forty-six adults (BMI=32.5±3.7 kg/m2; age=45.2±8.2 years, 87 % female, 21.7 % African American) were randomly assigned to a 6-month SBWP only (n=24) or SBWP+MM (n=22) at a university-based physical activity and weight management research center in a northeastern US city...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202443/associations-of-mindful-eating-domains-with-depressive-symptoms-and-depression-in-three-european-countries
#3
L H H Winkens, T van Strien, I A Brouwer, B W J H Penninx, M Visser, L Lähteenmäki
OBJECTIVE: To examine associations of mindful eating domains with depressive symptoms and depression in three European countries. Moderation by change in appetite-with increased appetite as marker for depression with atypical features - was also tested. METHODS: Data were collected in Denmark (n = 1522), Spain (n = 1512) and the Netherlands (n = 1439). Multiple linear and logistic regression analyses segregated by country were used to test associations of four mindful eating domains (Mindful Eating Behaviour Scale; MEBS) with depressive symptoms (continuous score on the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale; CES-D) and depression (score above the CES-D cut-off value, and/or use of antidepressants, and/or psychological treatment)...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197947/effects-of-a-dialectical-behavior-therapy-based-skills-group-intervention-for-obese-individuals-a-brazilian-pilot-study
#4
Ana Carolina Maciel Cancian, Lucas André Schuster de Souza, Ronald Patrick Araujo Liboni, Wagner de Lara Machado, Margareth da Silva Oliveira
PURPOSE: This pilot study aimed to analyze the effects of an adapted dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) skills training group on problematic and adaptive eating behaviors in Brazilian obese individuals. METHODS: Thirty-one obese individuals were randomly assigned to 10 sessions of adapted DBT skills training (n = 14) or two months of a waiting list comparison condition (n = 17). RESULTS: Attrition rates were similar to what's been found in comparable studies, with most dropouts happening at the beginning of the treatment...
December 2, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197196/analysis-of-the-prevalence-of-mental-disorders-in-psoriasis-the-relevance-of-psychiatric-assessment-in-dermatology
#5
Bárbara Roque Ferreira, José Luís Pio-Abreu, José Pedro Reis, Américo Figueiredo
BACKGROUND: The boundary between Dermatology and Psychiatry has increasing recognition. Psoriasis is a common psychophysiological skin disease with a major impact on patient's quality of life and a paradigmatic example of a pathology in that boundary. Studies are needed to exactly point out the prevalence of specific psychopathology and mental disorders associated with psoriasis. This work intends to analyse the prevalence of psychopathology and psychiatric comorbidities in patients with psoriasis...
December 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190662/using-systems-science-to-understand-the-determinants-of-inequities-in-healthy-eating
#6
Sharon Friel, Melanie Pescud, Eleanor Malbon, Amanda Lee, Robert Carter, Joanne Greenfield, Megan Cobcroft, Jane Potter, Lucie Rychetnik, Beth Meertens
INTRODUCTION: Systems thinking has emerged in recent years as a promising approach to understanding and acting on the prevention and amelioration of non-communicable disease. However, the evidence on inequities in non-communicable diseases and their risks factors, particularly diet, has not been examined from a systems perspective. We report on an approach to developing a system oriented policy actor perspective on the multiple causes of inequities in healthy eating. METHODS: Collaborative conceptual modelling workshops were held in 2015 with an expert group of representatives from government, non-government health organisations and academia in Australia...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162333/evaluation-of-a-mindful-eating-intervention-curriculum-among-elementary-school-children-and-their-parents
#7
Alyson Wylie, Shannon Pierson, Keiko Goto, Joan Giampaoli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 18, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130718/eating-disorders-during-the-adolescence-personality-characteristics-associated-with-anorexia-and-bulimia-nervosa
#8
Belén Barajas Iglesias, Ignacio Jáuregui Lobera, Isabel Laporta Herrero, Miguel Ángel Santed Germán
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies provide relevant information about the relationship between personality and eating disorders (ED). The involvement of personality factors in the etiology and maintenance of ED indicates the need of emphasizing the study of the adolescent's personality when diagnosed of ED. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to analyze the adolescent's personality profiles that differ significantly in anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN), and to explore the most common profiles and their associations with those subtypes of eating disorders (ED)...
October 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111496/direct-experience-while-eating-laboratory-outcomes-among-individuals-with-eating-disorders-versus-healthy-controls
#9
Matilde Elices, Cristina Carmona, Vanessa Narváez, Victoria Seto, Ana Martin-Blanco, Juan C Pascual, José Soriano, Joaquim Soler
OBJECTIVE: To compare individuals with eating disorders (EDs) to healthy controls (HCs) to assess for differences in direct engagement in the eating process. METHOD: Participants (n=58) were asked to eat an orange slice. To assess the degree of direct engagement with the eating process, participants were asked to write down 10 thoughts about the experience of eating the orange slice. Next, the participants were instructed to classify the main focus of each thought as either experiential ("direct experience") or analytical ("thinking about")...
October 28, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104106/the-effect-of-mindful-eating-on-subsequent-intake-of-a-high-calorie-snack
#10
Lana Seguias, Katy Tapper
This study examined the effects of applying a mindful eating strategy during lunch on subsequent intake of a palatable snack. It also looked at whether this effect occurred due to improved memory for lunch and whether effects varied with participant gender, level of interoceptive awareness or sensitivity to reward. Participants (n = 51) completed a heartbeat perception task to assess interoceptive awareness. They were then provided with a lunch of 825 calories. Participants in the experimental group ate lunch while listening to an audio clip encouraging them to focus on the sensory properties of the food (e...
November 9, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089145/the-empirical-status-of-the-third-wave-behaviour-therapies-for-the-treatment-of-eating-disorders-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Jake Linardon, Christopher G Fairburn, Ellen E Fitzsimmons-Craft, Denise E Wilfley, Leah Brennan
Although third-wave behaviour therapies are being increasingly used for the treatment of eating disorders, their efficacy is largely unknown. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to examine the empirical status of these therapies. Twenty-seven studies met full inclusion criteria. Only 13 randomized controlled trials (RCT) were identified, most on binge eating disorder (BED). Pooled within- (pre-post change) and between-groups effect sizes were calculated for the meta-analysis. Large pre-post symptom improvements were observed for all third-wave treatments, including dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT), schema therapy (ST), acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT), mindfulness-based interventions (MBI), and compassion-focused therapy (CFT)...
December 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076610/mindfulness-based-interventions-for-weight-loss-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
K Carrière, B Khoury, M M Günak, B Knäuper
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of studies are investigating the efficacy of mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) for weight loss and obesity-related eating behaviours. However, the results of past reviews are inconsistent. OBJECTIVE: To clarify these inconsistencies, we conducted a comprehensive effect-size analysis to evaluate the efficacy of MBIs on weight loss and eating behaviours. DATA SOURCE: Data sources were identified through a systematic review of studies published in journals or as dissertations in PsychINFO, PubMed, CINAHL, Web of Science, Medline and Scopus, ProQuest or OATD from the first available date to March 10, 2017...
October 27, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057841/review-of-black-soldier-fly-hermetia-illucens-as-animal-feed-and-human-food
#13
REVIEW
Yu-Shiang Wang, Matan Shelomi
Food futurists accept that sustainability-minded humanity will increasingly incorporate insects as alternative protein. The most studied and easily reared species are not necessarily the most sustainable, acceptable, or delicious. Here, we review the literature on the black soldier fly, Hermetia illucens, which is capable of efficiently converting a wide variety of organic materials, from food waste to manure, into insect biomass. They can be grown and harvested without dedicated facilities and are not pestiferous...
October 18, 2017: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021770/the-differential-effects-of-mindfulness-and-distraction-on-affect-and-body-satisfaction-following-food-consumption
#14
Alice Tsai, Elizabeth K Hughes, Matthew Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, Kimberly Buck, Isabel Krug
This study investigated whether engaging in mindfulness following food consumption produced changes in affect and body satisfaction, as compared to a control distraction task. The moderating effects of eating pathology and neuroticism were also examined. A total of 110 female university students consumed food and water before engaging in either a mindfulness induction or a control distraction task. Participants completed trait measures of eating pathology and neuroticism at baseline, and measures of state affect and body satisfaction before and after food consumption, and after the induction...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990206/child-maltreatment-and-eating-disorders-among-men-and-women-in-adulthood-results-from-a-nationally-representative-united-states-sample
#15
Tracie O Afifi, Jitender Sareen, Janique Fortier, Tamara Taillieu, Sarah Turner, Kristene Cheung, Christine A Henriksen
OBJECTIVE: Child maltreatment is associated with an increased likelihood of having mood disorders, anxiety disorders, post-traumatic stress disorder, substance use disorders, and personality disorders, but far less is known about eating disorders. The objective of the current study was to examine the associations between child maltreatment, including harsh physical punishment, physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, emotional neglect, physical neglect, and exposure to intimate partner violence, and eating disorders in adulthood among men and women...
October 9, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985151/a-randomized-pilot-study-of-a-phone-based-mindfulness-and-weight-loss-program
#16
Kelly M Carpenter, Katrina A Vickerman, Erica E Salmon, Harold S Javitz, Elissa S Epel, Jennifer C Lovejoy
This study evaluated the feasibility and efficacy of integrating mindfulness training into a phone-based weight loss program to improve outcomes in those with high levels of emotional eating. Participants were 75 enrollees into an employer-sponsored weight loss program who reported high levels of overeating in response to thoughts and feelings. Seventy-five overweight and obese participants (92% female, 65% Caucasian, aged 26 to 68) were randomized to the new mindfulness weight loss program (n = 50) or the standard behavioral weight loss program (n = 25)...
October 6, 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984784/severe-hypokalemic-paralysis-and-rhabdomyolysis-occurring-after-binge-eating-in-a-young-bodybuilder-case-report
#17
Tae Won Lee, Eunjin Bae, Kyungo Hwang, Ha Nee Chang, Hee Jung Park, Dae-Hong Jeon, Hyun Seop Cho, Se-Ho Chang, Dong Jun Park
RATIONALE: Severe hypokalemia can be a potentially life-threatening disorder and is associated with variable degrees of skeletal muscle weakness. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report a case of severe hypokalemic paralysis and rhabdomyolysis in a 28-year-old bodybuilder. He was admitted to the emergency room due to progressive paralysis in both lower extremities, which had begun 12 hours earlier. He was a bodybuilder trainer and had participated in a regional competition 5 days earlier...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973378/understanding-how-indigenous-culturally-based-interventions-can-improve-participants-health-in-canada
#18
Jayne Murdoch-Flowers, Marie-Claude Tremblay, Richard Hovey, Treena Delormier, Katherine Gray-Donald, Elaine Delaronde, Ann C Macaulay
There is increasing recognition that culturally-based diabetes prevention programs can facilitate the adoption and maintenance of healthy behaviours in the communities in which they are implemented. The Kahnawake School Diabetes Prevention Project (KSDPP) is a health promotion, community-based participatory research project aiming to reduce the incidence of Type 2 diabetes in the community of Kahnawake (Mohawk territory, Canada), with a large range of interventions integrating a Haudenosaunee perspective of health...
September 14, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958090/-mind-the-gap-body-perceptions-in-patients-with-eating-disorders
#19
Florian Junne, Stephan Zipfel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955213/improvement-of-interoceptive-processes-after-an-8-week-body-scan-intervention
#20
Dana Fischer, Matthias Messner, Olga Pollatos
Objective: Interoceptive processes are defined as ability to detect sensations arising within the body. There is a growing body of research investigating ways of improving interoceptive processes. One promising approach increasing the attention to bodily sensations is the body scan (BS), a method stemming from mindfulness-based stress reduction. Research so far revealed only heterogenous findings of meditational practice and mindfulness-based stress reduction on interoceptive processes. Even more importantly, there is no study considering the effect of an 8-week BS intervention on interoceptive processes and the distinguishable subdomains of interoception...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
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