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Mindful eating

Ignacio Jáuregui Lobera, Patricia Bolaños-Ríos, Eva Valero-Blanco, Ángeles Ortega-de-la-Torre
INTRODUCTION: Prevalence of eating disorders (ED) and discrepancies between actual weight and weight perception seem much higher in dancers. The aims analysed in 77 dancers were: risk for ED; relationship between eating attitudes and psychological variables; dieting and self-weighing, and body image distortion. METHOD: Weight- and body image-related variables, dieting, self-reported physical fitness, specific ED-related variables and other psychological variables were assessed...
September 20, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Sara Boucher, Olivia Edwards, Andrew Gray, Shyamala Nada-Raja, Jason Lillis, Tracy L Tylka, Caroline C Horwath
BACKGROUND: Middle-aged women are at risk of weight gain and associated comorbidities. Deliberate restriction of food intake (dieting) produces short-term weight loss but is largely unsuccessful for long-term weight management. Two promising approaches for the prevention of weight gain are intuitive eating (ie, eating in accordance with hunger and satiety signals) and the development of greater psychological flexibility (ie, the aim of acceptance and commitment therapy [ACT]). OBJECTIVES: This pilot study investigated the usage, acceptability, and feasibility of "Mind, Body, Food," a Web-based weight gain prevention intervention prototype that teaches intuitive eating and psychological flexibility skills...
October 14, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
Natalie Ingraham, Dawn Harbatkin, Jennifer Lorvick, Marj Plumb, Alexandra M Minnis
INTRODUCTION: Lesbian and bisexual (LB) women have higher body weight than heterosexual women. Interventions focused on health and well-being versus weight loss may be more likely to succeed among LB women. This article describes effects of Women's Health and Mindfulness, a 12-week pilot intervention addressing mindfulness, healthy eating, and physical activity, on outcomes associated with chronic disease risk among overweight and obese LB women older than 40 years. METHOD: Eighty women were randomized, using a stepped-wedge design, to either an immediate- or a delayed-start intervention group; the delayed-start group served as the control...
October 2, 2016: Health Promotion Practice
Patricia Daly, Thaddeus Pace, Judith Berg, Usha Menon, Laura A Szalacha
UNLABELLED: While pediatric anti-obesity lifestyle interventions have received considerable attention, few show sustained impact on body mass index (BMI). Using the Information-Motivation-Behavioral Skills Theory as a framework, we examined the effects of a satiety-focused mindful eating intervention (MEI) on BMI, weight and mindful awareness. METHOD: HASH(0x4a2c608) DESIGN AND SETTING: Utilizing a two-group, repeated measures design, 37 adolescent females with a BMI >90th percentile, recruited from a public high school in a Latino community in the Southwestern United States, were randomized 2:1, one third to the group receiving a 6-week MEI and two thirds to the comparison group (CG) receiving the usual care (nutrition and exercise information)...
October 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
Sara A Chacko, Gloria Y Yeh, Roger B Davis, Christina C Wee
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to develop and test a novel mindfulness-based intervention (MBI) designed to control weight after bariatric surgery. DESIGN: Randomized, controlled pilot trial. SETTING: Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA. INTERVENTIONS: Bariatric patients 1-5 years post-surgery (n=18) were randomized to receive a 10-week MBI or a standard intervention. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Primary outcomes were feasibility and acceptability of the MBI...
October 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
Alexis Ruffault, Sébastien Czernichow, Martin S Hagger, Margot Ferrand, Nelly Erichot, Claire Carette, Emilie Boujut, Cécile Flahault
The aim of this study was to conduct a comprehensive quantitative synthesis of the effects of mindfulness training interventions on weight-loss and health behaviours in adults with overweight and obesity using meta-analytic techniques. Studies included in the analysis (k=12) were randomised controlled trials investigating the effects of any form of mindfulness training on weight loss, impulsive eating, binge eating, or physical activity participation in adults with overweight and obesity. Random effects meta-analysis revealed that mindfulness training had no significant effect on weight loss, but an overall negative effect on impulsive eating (d=-1...
September 19, 2016: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Brian P Meier, Sabrina W Noll, Oluwatobi J Molokwu
Chocolate consumption is anecdotally associated with an increase in happiness, but little experimental work has examined this effect. We combined a food type manipulation (chocolate vs. crackers) with a mindfulness manipulation (mindful consumption vs. non-mindful consumption) and examined the impact on positive mood. Participants (N = 258) were randomly assigned to eat a small portion (75 calories) of chocolate or a control food (crackers) in a mindful or non-mindful way. Participants who were instructed to mindfully eat chocolate had a greater increase in positive mood compared to participants who were instructed to eat chocolate non-mindfully or crackers either mindfully or non-mindfully...
September 15, 2016: Appetite
Katelyn Pellitteri, Jennifer Huberty, Diane Ehlers, Meg Bruening
OBJECTIVE: Initial efficacy of a magazine-based discussion group for improving physical activity (PA), self-worth, and eating behaviors in female college freshmen. DESIGN: Randomized control trial. SETTING: A large university in southwestern United States. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-seven female college freshmen were randomized to the intervention (n = 17) and control groups (n = 20) in September 2013. INTERVENTION: Participants completed an 8-week magazine-based discussion group program, Fit Minded College Edition, adapted from Fit Minded, a previously tested theory-based intervention...
September 2, 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Katarzyna Kucharska, Julia Jeschke, Reza Mafi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess social cognition in community patients suffering from anorexia nervosa (AN) compared to healthy controls. METHODS: 25 women diagnosed with AN and 25 women matched for education level and age were involved in the study. Both subject groups were assessed using a set of validated experimental tasks, such as the facial expression recognition test, short recognition memory test for faces, 'Reading the mind in the eyes' test...
2016: Annals of General Psychiatry
Tosca D Braun, Crystal L Park, Amy A Gorin, Hilary Garivaltis, Jessica J Noggle, Lisa A Conboy
INTRODUCTION: Overweight/obesity is a pressing international health concern and conventional treatments demonstrate poor long-term efficacy. Preliminary evidence suggests yoga and Ayurveda may be promising approaches, although recent NHIS estimates indicate rare utilization of Ayurveda in the US. Group-based curricula that integrate yoga and Ayurveda-inspired principles to attenuate overweight and obesity across individuals may prove a feasible, disseminable clinical adjunct to facilitate psychosocial health and weight loss and/or maintenance...
September 1, 2016: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
Michael V Stanton, Justin Matsuura, Jennifer Kaci Fairchild, Jessica A Lohnberg, Peter J Bayley
Despite substantial evidence for their effectiveness in treating disordered eating and obesity, mindfulness-based treatments have not been broadly implemented among Veterans. A number of reviews have reported mindfulness to be beneficial in promoting healthy eating behaviors and weight loss among non-Veteran samples. We discuss this approach in the context of the Veterans Affairs system, the largest integrated healthcare provider in the U.S. and in the context of Veterans, among whom obesity is at epidemic proportions...
2016: Frontiers in Nutrition
Monica Pellerone, Giacomo Tolini, Caterina Polopoli
BACKGROUND: Literature has demonstrated the adaptive function of identity development and parenting toward manifestation of problem behaviors in adolescence. These dimensions act on both internalizing and externalizing symptoms. METHODS: The objective is to investigate the relationship between identity status, parenting, and adolescent problems, which may manifest through internalized (phobias, obsessions, depression, eating disorders, entropy) and externalized modes (alcohol use and school discomfort)...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Chandylen L Nightingale, Deidre B Pereira, Barbara A Curbow, John R Wingard, Giselle D Carnaby
PURPOSE: Head and neck cancer (HNC) patients suffer from significant morbidity, which may introduce challenging care demands and subsequent stress-induced mind-body interactions for informal caregivers. This prospective study evaluated patient and caregiver predictors of diurnal cortisol rhythm among HNC caregivers during radiation treatment. METHOD: Patient-caregiver dyads completed measures at radiation treatment start (T1; n = 32) and 5 weeks into treatment (T2; n = 29)...
July 27, 2016: Biological Research for Nursing
Jonas House
Despite growing interest in the use of insects as food, European uptake of insect-based foods is low. Existing research into Western consumer acceptance of insects as food tends to emphasise the role of individual cognition in food choice at the expense of social or contextual factors, and typically frames consumer acceptance as a general issue, rather than relevant only for relatively few early adopters. This paper outlines empirical work, theoretically and methodologically informed by a critical appraisal of previous research, with consumers of insect-based convenience foods in the Netherlands...
July 18, 2016: Appetite
Michael E Levin, Jack A Haeger, Benjamin G Pierce, Michael P Twohig
There are significant challenges in addressing the mental health needs of college students. The current study tested an acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT), web-based self-help program to treat a broad range of psychological problems students struggle with. A sample of 79 college students was randomized to web-based ACT or a waitlist condition, with assessments at baseline and posttreatment. Results indicated adequate acceptability and program engagement for the ACT website. Relative to waitlist, participants receiving ACT improved on overall distress, general anxiety, social anxiety, depression, academic concerns, and positive mental health...
July 20, 2016: Behavior Modification
Emre Bora, Sezen Köse
OBJECTIVE: Deficits in theory of mind (ToM), ability to infer mental states of others, can play a significant role in interpersonal difficulties and/or unawareness of illness observed in AN and other eating disorders including bulimia Nervosa (BN). METHOD: Current meta-analysis aimed to summarize available evidence for deficits in ToM in AN and BN and examine the effects of number of study-level variables on observed findings. In this meta-analysis, 15 studies (22 samples with eating disorders) investigating ToM performances of 677 individuals with AN or BN and 514 healthy controls were included...
August 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Loredana Tirlea, Helen Truby, Terry P Haines
PURPOSE: To test the effectiveness of an intervention delivered by health professionals outside the school environment to girls identified with issues such as poor body image, low self-esteem, low self-confidence, nonparticipation in sports, or being overweight or underweight. DESIGN: The study's design was a stepped-wedge randomized controlled trial to test the efficacy of an intervention on self-esteem, impairment induced by eating disorders, self-efficacy, body satisfaction, and dieting behaviors...
March 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Natalie Ingraham, Michele J Eliason, Samantha Garbers, Dawn Harbatkin, Alexandra M Minnis, Jane A McElroy, Suzanne G Haynes
PURPOSE: Lesbian and bisexual (LB) women are at higher risk for obesity, but no reported interventions focus on older LB women who are overweight or obese. The Healthy Weight in Lesbian and Bisexual Women study funded five programs (n = 266 LB women age ≥40); two examined effects of mindfulness interventions on health outcomes. METHODS: Analysis of variance and regression measured the impact of mindfulness-based programs on health behaviors and quality of life (MCS)...
July 7, 2016: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
Peter Fonagy, Patrick Luyten, Alesia Moulton-Perkins, Ya-Wen Lee, Fiona Warren, Susan Howard, Rosanna Ghinai, Pasco Fearon, Benedicte Lowyck
Reflective functioning or mentalizing is the capacity to interpret both the self and others in terms of internal mental states such as feelings, wishes, goals, desires, and attitudes. This paper is part of a series of papers outlining the development and psychometric features of a new self-report measure, the Reflective Functioning Questionnaire (RFQ), designed to provide an easy to administer self-report measure of mentalizing. We describe the development and initial validation of the RFQ in three studies...
2016: PloS One
Alexis Ruffault, Claire Carette, Kàtia Lurbe I Puerto, Nicolas Juge, Alain Beauchet, Jean-Jacques Benoliel, Jean-Marc Lacorte, Jean F Fournier, Sébastien Czernichow, Cécile Flahault
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness-based interventions for healthy behaviors such as exercise and dietary modifications have aroused growing interest. This study aims to test the effectiveness of a mindfulness-based intervention for the reduction of impulsive eating and the improvement of motivation to exercise among obese individuals. METHODS: One-hundred and twenty obese outpatients, aged 18 to 65years, diagnosed with a binge eating disorder, will be randomly assigned to one of the three following groups: mindfulness practice, sham meditation, or treatment as usual control...
July 2016: Contemporary Clinical Trials
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