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Mindful eating

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504592/hungers-that-need-feeding-on-the-normativity-of-mindful-nourishment
#1
Else Vogel
Drawing on participant observation in a 'mindful weight loss' course offered in the Netherlands, this paper explores the normative register through which mindfulness techniques cast people in relation to concerns with overeating and body weight. The women seeking out mindfulness use eating to cope with troubles in their lives and are hindered by a preoccupation with the size of their bodies. Mindfulness coaches aim to help them let go of this 'struggle with eating' by posing as the central question: 'what do I really hunger after?' The self's hungers include 'belly hunger' but also stem from mouths, hearts, heads, noses and eyes...
May 15, 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495391/engaging-women-with-an-embodied-conversational-agent-to-deliver-mindfulness-and-lifestyle-recommendations-a-feasibility-randomized-control-trial
#2
Paula M Gardiner, Kelly D McCue, Lily M Negash, Teresa Cheng, Laura F White, Leanne Yinusa-Nyahkoon, Brian W Jack, Timothy W Bickmore
OBJECTIVE: This randomized controlled trial evaluates the feasibility of using an Embodied Conversational Agent (ECA) to teach lifestyle modifications to urban women. METHODS: Women were randomized to either 1) an ECA (content included: mindfulness, stress management, physical activity, and healthy eating) or 2) patient education sheets mirroring same content plus a meditation CD/MP3 once a day for one month. General outcome measures included: number of stress management techniques used, physical activity levels, and eating patterns...
April 26, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483271/-mindful-neuropsychology-mindfulness-based-cognitive-remediation
#3
E Bulzacka, S Lavault, A Pelissolo, C Bagnis Isnard
OBJECTIVES: Mindfulness based interventions (MBI) have recently gained much interest in western medicine. MBSR paradigm is based on teaching participants to pay complete attention to the present experience and act nonjudgmentally towards stressful events. During this mental practice the meditator focuses his or her attention on the sensations of the body. While the distractions (mental images, thoughts, emotional or somatic states) arise the participant is taught to acknowledge discursive thoughts and cultivate the state of awareness without immediate reaction...
May 5, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446423/evaluation-of-a-mindfulness-based-mobile-app-aimed-at-promoting-awareness-of-weight-related-behaviors-in-adolescents-a-pilot-study
#4
Tami Turner, Melanie Hingle
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness-based interventions are reported to be highly acceptable and have positive effects on youth, yet most are clinic- or school-based aimed at emotional regulation or academic performance. To provide flexible program delivery, we developed and tested a standalone mindfulness-based app aimed at improving weight-related behaviors (eg, diet, physical activity, sleep) in adolescents. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to assess the feasibility, acceptability, and utility of a mindfulness-based mobile app...
April 26, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432008/turkish-version-of-the-intuitive-eating-scale-2-validity-and-reliability-among-university-students
#5
Murat Bas, Kezban Esen Karaca, Duygu Saglam, Gozde Arıtıcı, Ecem Cengiz, Selen Köksal, Aylin Hasbay Buyukkaragoz
Intuitive Eating is defined as "the dynamic process-integrating attunement of mind, body, and food". The purpose of this study was, therefore, adapt the IES-2 to the Turkish language and reliability and validity of IES-2 among Turkish populations. We also examined the instrument's internal consistency and test-retest reliability and analysed the relationships between the IES-2 and several variables so as to evaluate the convergent and discriminant validity. Three hundred seventy-seven undergraduate and postgraduate women and men between the ages of 19-31 years (mean 22...
July 1, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420317/the-role-of-coherence-of-mind-and-reflective-functioning-in-understanding-binge-eating-disorder-and-co-morbid-overweight
#6
Hilary Maxwell, Giorgio A Tasca, Renee Grenon, Megan Faye, Kerri Ritchie, Hany Bissada, Louise Balfour
Coherence of mind and reflective functioning may impact negative affect and interpersonal functioning over and above the effects of symptoms of depression and interpersonal problems that contribute to symptoms of binge-eating disorder (BED) and overweight/obesity. Matched samples of overweight women with BED and overweight and normal weight women without BED completed the Adult Attachment Interview, a measure of depressive symptoms, and a measure of interpersonal problems. Greater symptoms of depression distinguished women with BED from the matched comparison samples...
April 18, 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414018/psychological-flexibility-mediates-change-in-intuitive-eating-regulation-in-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-interventions
#7
Essi Sairanen, Asko Tolvanen, Leila Karhunen, Marjukka Kolehmainen, Elina Järvelä-Reijonen, Sanni Lindroos, Katri Peuhkuri, Riitta Korpela, Miikka Ermes, Elina Mattila, Raimo Lappalainen
OBJECTIVE: Despite the promising results related to intuitive eating, few studies have attempted to explain the processes encouraging this adaptive eating behaviour. The focus of the present study was on exploring mechanisms of change in intuitive eating and weight in acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) interventions. Mediation provides important information regarding the treatment processes and theoretical models related to specific treatment approaches. The study investigates whether psychological flexibility, mindfulness skills and sense of coherence mediated the interventions' effect on intuitive eating and weight...
April 17, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391799/an-abbreviated-version-of-the-mindful-eating-questionnaire
#8
Cecilia Clementi, Giulia Casu, Paola Gremigni
OBJECTIVE: To assess the psychometric properties of the Mindful Eating Questionnaire (MEQ). METHODS: A total of 15 mindfulness experts evaluated the content of the 28 items and 5 factors of the MEQ. A sample of 1,067 Italian adults (61.4% women) completed the MEQ and other measures; 62 participants completed a 4-week test-retest. RESULTS: Content analysis reduced the MEQ to 20 items. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses supported a 2-factor model based on awareness and recognition of hunger and satiety cues...
April 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384520/corrigendum-to-mindful-feeding-and-child-dietary-health-eat-behav-24-2017-89-94
#9
Elizabeth A Emley, Maija B Taylor, Dara R Musher-Eizenman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 3, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347881/can-mindfulness-influence-weight-management-related-eating-behaviors-if-so-how
#10
REVIEW
Katy Tapper
Mindfulness is increasingly being used for weight management. However, the strength of the evidence for such an approach is unclear; although mindfulness-based weight management programs have had some success, it is difficult to conclude that the mindfulness components were responsible. Research in this area is further complicated by the fact that the term 'mindfulness' is used to refer to a range of different practices. Additionally, we have little understanding of the mechanisms by which mindfulness might exert its effects...
March 11, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333551/effect-of-a-group-behavioural-management-program-on-emotional-regulation-of-food-choices-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Danuta Southgate, Michelle Greiver, Greg Hubka, Kori Kostka, Rahim Moineddin, Marjan Moienedin, James Pencharz, Heather Bogetta, Claudia Mazariegos, Jo-Anne Guindon, Andrea Petroff
PURPOSE: In Ontario, group programs to increase mindfulness of food choices are provided in Family Health Teams (FHTs), but evaluation is limited. We targeted patients with chronic conditions that could benefit from intensified management and evaluated an existing program. METHODS: We included 3 FHTs. Patients were randomized to immediate participation in the intervention (n = 16) or to wait-list control (n = 14). Eligible participants were between 40 and 70 years old, living with diabetes and/or hypertension and had at least 2 of: elevated cholesterol (LDL >4 if hypertension or LDL >2 mmol/L if diabetes), blood sugar (A1c >7...
March 23, 2017: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301566/eating-symptomatology-and-general-psychopathology-in-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa-from-china-uk-and-spain-a-cross-cultural-study-examining-the-role-of-social-attitudes
#12
Zaida Agüera, Nicola Brewin, Jue Chen, Roser Granero, Qing Kang, Fernando Fernandez-Aranda, Jon Arcelus
Cultural studies exploring differences in the manifestation of anorexia nervosa (AN) have primarily focus on Western and non-Western cultures. However, no study so far has considered the role that social attitudes (i.e. Collectivist vs. Individualist cultural values) have in the clinical manifestations of eating disorders, including AN patients. With this in mind, the aim of this study is to compare eating and general psychopathology in a large sample of individuals diagnosed with AN from China, Spain, and United Kingdom (UK), in order to study the differences according to belonging to Western or non-Western country, or the country's Individualist Index (IDV)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211586/social-cognition-and-emotional-functioning-in-patients-with-binge-eating-disorder
#13
Matteo Aloi, Marianna Rania, Mariarita Caroleo, Pasquale De Fazio, Cristina Segura-García
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the theory of mind ability in a sample of obese patients with and without binge eating disorder (BED) and to explore the correlations between emotional and clinical assessments. METHODS: Overall, 20 non-BED, 16 under-threshold BED and 22 BED obese patients completed a battery of tests assessing social cognition and eating disorder psychopathology. RESULTS: Binge eating disorder, non-BED and under-threshold-BED obese patients showed similar ability to recognise others' emotions, but BED obese patients exhibited a deficit in recognising their own emotions as demonstrated by more impaired levels of alexithymia and interoceptive awareness and were more depressed...
February 17, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205015/self-management-of-dietary-intake-using-mindful-eating-to-improve-dietary-intake-for-individuals-with-early-stage-chronic-kidney-disease
#14
Gayle M Timmerman, Muna J Tahir, Richard M Lewis, Deborah Samoson, Holli Temple, Michele R Forman
Using mindful eating to improve specific dietary recommendations has not been adequately studied. This feasibility study examined an intervention, self-management of dietary intake using mindful eating, with 19 participants that had mild to moderate chronic kidney disease, using a prospective, single group, pretest-posttest design. The intervention had six weekly classes focused on self-management using mindful eating, goal-setting, problem-solving, and food label reading. Weight, body mass index (BMI), 3-day 24-h dietary recalls and fasting blood samples were measured...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179204/understanding-maternal-dietary-choices-during-pregnancy-the-role-of-social-norms-and-mindful-eating
#15
A D Hutchinson, M Charters, I Prichard, C Fletcher, C Wilson
INTRODUCTION: Serious health complications associated with excessive weight have been documented for pregnant women and their babies during pregnancy, birth and beyond. Whilst research has focused on identifying particular foods that can be either detrimental or essential for the developing baby, pregnant women's food choices are likely determined by broader considerations. This study examined social influences as represented in reports of descriptive and injunctive social norms related to healthy eating during pregnancy, and individual differences in mindfulness while eating, as important potential correlates of pregnant women's self-reported diet...
February 6, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137935/meal-timing-and-frequency-implications-for-cardiovascular-disease-prevention-a-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association
#16
REVIEW
Marie-Pierre St-Onge, Jamy Ard, Monica L Baskin, Stephanie E Chiuve, Heather M Johnson, Penny Kris-Etherton, Krista Varady
Eating patterns are increasingly varied. Typical breakfast, lunch, and dinner meals are difficult to distinguish because skipping meals and snacking have become more prevalent. Such eating styles can have various effects on cardiometabolic health markers, namely obesity, lipid profile, insulin resistance, and blood pressure. In this statement, we review the cardiometabolic health effects of specific eating patterns: skipping breakfast, intermittent fasting, meal frequency (number of daily eating occasions), and timing of eating occasions...
February 28, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130152/is-it-time-to-consider-the-food-use-disorder
#17
Laurence J Nolan
In the contemporary milieu, the term "addiction" brings to mind issues of physical dependence, uncontrolled behavior, psychoactive substances, and disease. Thus, the use of the term "food addiction" which has become common in research on binge eating and obesity, suggests a disease state characterized by craving, compulsive eating and, possibly, the presence of food constituents with drug-like properties which weaken the will power to abstain from consumption. In this commentary, the case is made that, following the trends in substance use disorder terminology, adoption of "food use disorder" as a term for compulsive eating associated with subjective loss of control may foster continued research in this area without the connotations suggested by "food addiction...
January 24, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128017/change-in-attachment-dimensions-in-women-with-binge-eating-disorder-following-group-psychodynamic-interpersonal-psychotherapy
#18
Hilary Maxwell, Giorgio A Tasca, Renee Grenon, Megan Faye, Kerri Ritchie, Hany Bissada, Louise Balfour
OBJECTIVE: To examine the role of attachment dimensions, including coherence of mind and reflective functioning, in developing and maintaining binge-eating disorder (BED) and in determining group psychotherapy outcomes for women with BED. We hypothesize that higher pre-treatment attachment dimension scores will predict better treatment outcomes for women with BED and will increase at follow-up. METHOD: Women with BED attended 16 sessions of group therapy and completed the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI) at pre-treatment...
January 27, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124451/befree-a-new-psychological-program-for-binge-eating-that-integrates-psychoeducation-mindfulness-and-compassion
#19
José Pinto-Gouveia, Sérgio A Carvalho, Lara Palmeira, Paula Castilho, Cristiana Duarte, Cláudia Ferreira, Joana Duarte, Marina Cunha, Marcela Matos, Joana Costa
Binge eating disorder (BED) is associated with several psychological and medical problems, such as obesity. Approximately 30% of individuals seeking weight loss treatments present binge eating symptomatology. Moreover, current treatments for BED lack efficacy at follow-up assessments. Developing mindfulness and self-compassion seem to be beneficial in treating BED, although there is still room for improvement, which may include integrating these different but complimentary approaches. BEfree is the first program integrating psychoeducation-, mindfulness-, and compassion-based components for treating women with binge eating and obesity...
January 25, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119138/exploring-the-efficacy-of-an-acceptance-mindfulness-compassionate-based-group-intervention-for-women-struggling-with-their-weight-kg-free-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Lara Palmeira, José Pinto-Gouveia, Marina Cunha
This randomized-controlled trial aims to test the efficacy of a group intervention (Kg-Free) for women with overweight or obesity based on mindfulness, ACT and compassion approaches. The intervention aimed to reduce weight self-stigma and unhealthy eating patterns and increase quality-of-life (QoL). Seventy-three women, aged between 18 and 55 years old, with BMI ≥25 without binge-eating seeking weight loss treatment were randomly assigned to intervention or control groups. Kg-Free comprises 10 weekly group sessions plus 2 booster fortnightly sessions, of 2h30 h each...
May 1, 2017: Appetite
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