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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742924/geocoding-to-manage-missing-data-in-a-secondary-analysis-of-community-dwelling-low-income-older-adults
#1
Kathy Wright, Shirley M Moore, Diana Lynn Morris, Susan Hazelett
Managing missing data in a secondary analysis is daunting, particularly if the data of interest were not included in the parent study design. The current study describes the use of geocoding to replace missing data from a parent study for a secondary analysis of socioeconomic and neighborhood characteristics in community-dwelling older adults who are dually eligible for Medicare and Medicaid. Geocoding was used to link participants' addresses to data from the American Community Survey to replace missing income and neighborhood data...
July 1, 2017: Research in Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741278/italian-intersociety-consensus-on-prevention-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-delirium-in-hospitalized-older-persons
#2
Giuseppe Bellelli, Alessandro Morandi, Marco Trabucchi, Guido Caironi, Daniele Coen, Carlo Fraticelli, Ciro Paolillo, Carolina Prevaldi, Angela Riccardi, Gianfranco Cervellin, Corrado Carabellese, Salvatore Putignano, Stefania Maggi, Antonio Cherubini, Paola Gnerre, Andrea Fontanella, Nicola Latronico, Concezione Tommasino, Antonio Corcione, Giovanni Ricevuti, Nicola Ferrara, Francesco De Filippi, Alberto Ferrari, Mario Guarino, Maria Pia Ruggieri, Pietro Amedeo Modesti, Carlo Locatelli, Patrizia Hrelia, Marco Otto Toscano, Emi Bondi, Antonio Tarasconi, Luca Ansaloni, Francesco Perticone
Delirium is a severe neuropsychiatric syndrome characterized by inattention and global cognitive dysfunction in the setting of an acute medical illness, medical complication, drug intoxication, or drug withdrawal. The most important risk factors are advanced age and dementia, whereas pain, dehydration, infections, stroke, metabolic disturbances, and surgery are the most common triggering factors. Although delirium is a common clinical syndrome in different settings of care (acute care hospitals, inpatient rehabilitation facilities, nursing homes, and hospices), it often remains under-recognized, poorly understood, and inadequately managed...
July 24, 2017: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740443/approaches-to-teach-evidence-based-practice-among-health-professionals-an-overview-of-the-existing-evidence
#3
REVIEW
Athina E Patelarou, Konstantinos G Kyriakoulis, Aliki A Stamou, Aggelos Laliotis, Dimitra Sifaki-Pistolla, Michail Matalliotakis, Emmanuel Prokopakis, Evridiki Patelarou
Health care professionals' adoption of evidence-based practice (EBP) remains limited, although most health care professionals are familiar with EBP and believe in its value. This systematic review aimed to bring together the best methods used to teach EBP to health professionals. The authors conducted a systematic search for the period 2005-2015 (an update of the search took place in October 2016) using PubMed interface (Medline). MeSH terms as well as free-text keywords were used. Studies were analyzed and evaluated by title and abstract...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739657/parental-management-of-discharge-instructions-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Alexander F Glick, Jonathan S Farkas, Joseph Nicholson, Benard P Dreyer, Melissa Fears, Christopher Bandera, Tanya Stolper, Nicole Gerber, H Shonna Yin
CONTEXT: Parents often manage complex instructions when their children are discharged from the inpatient setting or emergency department (ED); misunderstanding instructions can put children at risk for adverse outcomes. Parents' ability to manage discharge instructions has not been examined before in a systematic review. OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review of the literature related to parental management (knowledge and execution) of inpatient and ED discharge instructions...
July 24, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739067/the-unique-role-of-the-pediatric-clinical-research-nurse-in-anesthesia-an-interdisciplinary-collaboration
#5
Christine Dube, Vanessa Young, Michelle Anderson, Brenda Barton, Izabela Leahy
This article describes the distinctive function of the pediatric clinical research nurse (CRN) in the anesthesia setting. The pediatric CRN in anesthesia acts as a liaison between families and the research team and is the major nexus between the principal investigator or anesthesiologist on a study, and the collaborating surgeons from many different departments. This is unique because the CRNs collaborate with physicians in specialties that can include plastics, urology, neurosurgery, orthopaedics, otolaryngology, cardiology, critical care, and many other departments...
August 2017: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739063/patients-opinions-of-or-nurses-and-environments-in-the-postoperative-period
#6
Vesile Eskici, Nadiye Özer
PURPOSE: To determine patients' opinions of operating room (OR) nurses and environments in the postoperative period. DESIGN: A descriptive study. METHODS: The data were collected by using researcher developed forms that defined patients' opinions of OR nurses and environments and were given to the patients on the first postoperative day. FINDING: The final sample consisted of a total of 208 patients who underwent surgery with regional anesthesia...
August 2017: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739058/acupressure-in-management-of-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting-in-high-risk-ambulatory-surgical-patients
#7
Debra Hofmann, Carrie Murray, Janet Beck, Rebecca Homann
PURPOSE: The purpose of this randomized blinded placebo-controlled research study was to investigate the effect of acupressure over 24 hours postoperatively for ambulatory surgical patients who are identified as high risk for PONV. DESIGN: A randomized blinded placebo-controlled study design was implemented. METHODS: Study enrollment criteria included four of five risk factors as defined in 2006 by American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses PONV/postdischarge nausea and vomiting guidelines: female, PONV history or motion sickness, nonsmoker, and volatile gas general anesthetic...
August 2017: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738809/surgical-frailty-assessment-a-missed-opportunity
#8
Gilgamesh Eamer, Jennifer A Gibson, Chelsia Gillis, Amy T Hsu, Marian Krawczyk, Emily MacDonald, Reid Whitlock, Rachel G Khadaroo
BACKGROUND: Preoperative frailty predicts adverse postoperative outcomes. Despite the advantages of incorporating frailty assessment into surgical settings, there is limited research on surgical healthcare professionals' use of frailty assessment for perioperative care. METHODS: Healthcare professionals caring for patients enrolled at a Canadian teaching hospital were surveyed to assess their perceptions of frailty, as well as attitudes towards and practices for frail patients...
July 24, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738761/peer-led-aboriginal-parent-support-program-development-for-vulnerable-populations-with-participatory-action-research
#9
Ailsa Munns, Christine Toye, Desley Hegney, Marion Kickett, Rhonda Marriott, Roz Walker
BACKGROUND: Participatory action research is a credible, culturally appropriate methodology that can be used to effect collaborative change within vulnerable populations. AIM/OBJECTIVE: This participatory action research study was undertaken in a Western Australian metropolitan setting to develop and evaluate the suitability, feasibility and effectiveness of an Aboriginal peer-led home visiting program. A secondary aim, addressed in this paper, was to explore and describe research methodology used for the study and provide recommendations for its implementation in other similar situations...
July 25, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738035/palliative-care-and-phase-1-trials-intervention-to-improve-quality-of-life-and-provide-education%C3%A2
#10
Betty R Ferrell, Vincent Chung, Marianna Koczywas, Anna Cathy Williams, Denise Gallagher, Patricia Fischer, Thomas J Smith
BACKGROUND: Patients in phase 1 clinical trials often have significant symptom burdens and quality-of-life concerns that increase as they progress along the cancer trajectory and experience drug toxicities from the clinical trial. 
. OBJECTIVES: The interdisciplinary intervention described is aimed at providing optimum palliative care to support patients with solid tumors participating in a phase 1 clinical trial.
. METHODS: The intervention includes a baseline evaluation using quantitative surveys, a comprehensive palliative care assessment by a research nurse based on patient baseline evaluation, and a goals-of-care discussion by the treating oncologist...
August 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738033/how-can-i-implement-accurate-delirium-screening-and-prevention-practices
#11
Kimberly Sanchez
As a clinical nurse specialist (CNS), I am tasked with improving patient outcomes through collaborative research, evidence-based practice, and process improvement efforts that affect the quality and safety of patient care. However, I have learned over time that it is not enough to simply incorporate the latest evidence into organizational policies and procedures; it has to be followed in practice. 
.
August 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737994/impact-of-a-patient-support-program-on-patient-adherence-to-adalimumab-and-direct-medical-costs-in-crohn-s-disease-ulcerative-colitis-rheumatoid-arthritis-psoriasis-psoriatic-arthritis-and-ankylosing-spondylitis
#12
David T Rubin, Manish Mittal, Matthew Davis, Scott Johnson, Jingdong Chao, Martha Skup
BACKGROUND: AbbVie provides a free-to-patient patient support program (PSP) to assist adalimumab-treated patients with medication costs, nurse support, injection training, pen disposal, and medication reminders. The impact of these services on patient adherence to adalimumab and direct medical costs associated with autoimmune disease has not been assessed. OBJECTIVE: To quantify the relationship between participation in a PSP and outcomes (adalimumab adherence, persistence, and direct medical costs) in patients initiating adalimumab treatment...
August 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737544/utilization-of-large-data-sets-in-maternal-health-in-finland-a-case-for-global-health-research
#13
Reeta Lamminpää, Mika Gissler, Katri Vehviläinen-Julkunen
In recent years, the use of large data sets, such as electronic health records, has increased. These large data sets are often referred to as "Big Data," which have various definitions. The purpose of this article was to summarize and review the utilization, strengths, and challenges of register data, which means a written record containing regular entries of items or details, and Big Data, especially in maternal nursing, using 4 examples of studies from the Finnish Medical Birth Register data and relate these to other international databases and data sets...
July 2017: Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737537/global-perinatal-nursing-research-sustainable-development-goals-update
#14
Lynn Clark Callister, Cheryl Corbett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737270/hospital-ownership-status-and-cesareans-in-the-united-states-the-effect-of-for-profit-hospitals
#15
Theresa Morris, Kelly McNamara, Christine H Morton
BACKGROUND: Given the increasing proportion of United States hospitals that are for-profit, we examined whether women who give birth in for-profit hospitals are more likely to have cesareans than women who give birth in not-for-profit hospitals. We hypothesized that cesareans are more likely to occur in for-profit hospitals because of the organizational emphasis on short-term financial indicators, including payment of shareholder dividends. METHODS: We used logistic regression and difference of means tests to analyze data from the Listening to Mothers III survey of women who gave birth in the United States in 2011 and 2012...
July 24, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736934/using-social-media-to-engage-nurses-in-health-policy-development
#16
Siobhan O'Connor
AIMS: To explore nurses' views on future priorities for the profession and to examine social media as an engagement tool to aid policy discussion and development. BACKGROUND: Nurses are often not directly involved in policy creation and some feel it is a process they cannot easily influence. METHODS: A descriptive mixed methods study of a Twitter chat hosted by the Chief Nursing Officer for Scotland was undertaken. Data were gathered using an analytics platform and NCapture software...
July 23, 2017: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736414/community-interactive-research-workshop-series-community-members-engaged-as-team-teachers-to-conduct-research
#17
Connie Kim Nguyen-Truong, Joannie Tang, Chiao-Yun Hsiao
BACKGROUND: Vietnamese women are diagnosed with cervical cancer at twice the rate of non-Hispanic White women and the highest compared to Chinese, Filipino, Korean, and Japanese women. ἀ e Vietnamese Women's Health Project, a community-based participatory research partnership, was developed to address this concern. In earlier studies, community members received research training. OBJECTIVES: To describe how we developed an innovative curricular research training framework...
2017: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735447/cost-benefit-analysis-of-two-child-abuse-and-neglect-primary-prevention-programs-for-us-states
#18
Cora Peterson, Curtis Florence, Robert Thomas, Joanne Klevens
We assessed the US state-level budget and societal impact of implementing two child abuse and neglect (CAN) primary prevention programs. CAN cost estimates and data from two prevention programs (Child-Parent Centers and Nurse-Family Partnership) were combined with current population, cost, and CAN incidence data by US state. A cost-benefit mathematical model for each program by US state compared program costs with the future monetary value of benefits from reduced CAN. The models used a lifetime time horizon from government payer and societal perspectives...
July 22, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735437/prospective-and-retrospective-study-of-videoconference-telemedicine-follow-up-after-elective-neurosurgery-results-of-a-pilot-program
#19
Melissa Reider-Demer, Pushpa Raja, Neil Martin, Mariel Schwinger, Diana Babayan
Existing literature suggests that use of telemedicine during postoperative appointments can increase access to care and is valued by patients and providers alike. While research examining the clinical equivalency of telemedicine visits for postoperative care has been growing, few studies have reported on telemedicine follow-up after neurosurgery. This study examined if a videoconferencing visit could substitute for an in-person clinic visit for elective neurosurgical cases in the USA. This was a single-center prospective study of patients who underwent elective neurosurgical procedures (aneurysm clipping, resection of cavernous angiomas, resection of arterial venous malformation, microvascular decompression for trigeminal neuralgia and hemifacial spasm, and certain benign brain tumors) and were offered telemedicine follow-up care by an allied health professional during the first 90 days after neurosurgery...
July 22, 2017: Neurosurgical Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734526/development-and-clinical-application-of-a-computer-aided-real-time-feedback-system-for-detecting-in-bed-physical-activities
#20
Liang-Hsuan Lu, Shang-Lin Chiang, Shun-Hwa Wei, Chueh-Ho Lin, Wen-Hsu Sung
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Being bedridden long-term can cause deterioration in patients' physiological function and performance, limiting daily activities and increasing the incidence of falls and other accidental injuries. Little research has been carried out in designing effective detecting systems to monitor the posture and status of bedridden patients and to provide accurate real-time feedback on posture. The purposes of this research were to develop a computer-aided system for real-time detection of physical activities in bed and to validate the system's validity and test-retest reliability in determining eight postures: motion leftward/rightward, turning over leftward/rightward, getting up leftward/rightward, and getting off the bed leftward/rightward...
August 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
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