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Nursing research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432924/bringing-a-novel-to-practice-an-interpretive-study-of-reading-a-novel-in-an-undergraduate-nursing-practicum-course
#1
Graham McCaffrey, Lorraine Venturato, J David Patterson, Jennifer Langille, Roberta Jackson, Tom Rosenal
Novels are one humanities resource available to educators in health disciplines to support student reflection on their own professional practice and therapeutic relationships with patients. An interdisciplinary team, including nurses, a physician, and an English instructor, carried out an interpretive study of the use of a novel by clinical nursing instructors in an undergraduate practicum course. Students placed in assisted living or long term care facilities for the elderly were expected to read a contemporary work, Exit Lines, by Joan Barfoot, which is set in a comparable facility...
April 4, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432418/-because-we-feel-we-have-to-do-something-barriers-in-the-prevention-of-violence-and-key-areas-requiring-action-a%C3%A2-qualitative-interview-study-with-professional-nurses-and-managers-in-the-field-of-elderly-care
#2
Melanie Siegel, Yuliya Mazheika, Regina Mennicken, Stefanie Ritz-Timme, Hildegard Graß, Britta Gahr
BACKGROUND: In recent years, politics and society have shown an increasing interest in the prevention of violence. Despite the scientific studies and prevention programs that have been conducted over the past few years, there is no indication that the prevalence of violence in elderly care is falling. A high number of unreported cases may still be assumed. OBJECTIVE: The present study examined the barriers in transferring research knowledge into practice. Furthermore, it dealt with the requirements of an interventional approach which is practical and which effectively addresses the barriers...
April 21, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431914/pain-trajectories-of-nursing-home-residents-nearing-death
#3
Genevieve N Thompson, Malcolm Doupe, R Colin Reid, Jennifer Baumbusch, Carole A Estabrooks
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Although examining point in time prevalence of pain among nursing home (NH) residents has value, there is a lack of evidence describing the actual changes (ie, trajectories) in pain that take place during their last 6 months of life. The main objective of this study is to describe the major pain trajectories experienced by NH residents during their last 6 months of life. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of Resident Assessment Instrument-Minimum Data Set (MDS) 2...
April 18, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431908/implementation-of-a-person-centered-medical-care-model-in-a-skilled-nursing-facility-a-pilot-evaluation
#4
Kathleen Abrahamson, Jaclyn Myers, Arif Nazir
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and impact of implementing a person-centered medical care model for post-acute care residents within a skilled nursing facility (SNF). DESIGN: A mixed-method (qualitative and quantitative) pilot evaluation. SETTING: An 89-bed SNF located within a large midwestern city. PARTICIPANTS: Forty SNF post-acute patients admitted to the facility during a 6-month period were enrolled in the pilot evaluation...
April 18, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431853/transmission-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-to-health-care-worker-gowns-and-gloves-during-care-of-residents-in-veterans-affairs-nursing-homes
#5
Lisa Pineles, Daniel J Morgan, Alison Lydecker, J Kristie Johnson, John D Sorkin, Patricia Langenberg, Natalia Blanco, Alan Lesse, John Sellick, Kalpana Gupta, Luci Leykum, Jose Cadena, Nickie Lepcha, Mary-Claire Roghmann
BACKGROUND: This was an observational study designed to estimate the frequency of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) transmission to gowns and gloves worn by health care workers (HCWs) interacting with Veterans Affairs Community Living Center (VA nursing home) residents to inform MRSA prevention policies. METHODS: Participants included residents and HCWs from 7 VA nursing homes in 4 states and Washington, DC. Residents were cultured for MRSA at the anterior nares, perianal skin, and wound (if present)...
April 18, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431797/video-education-for-critical-care-nurses-to-assess-pain-with-a-behavioural-pain-assessment-tool-a-descriptive-comparative-study
#6
Annika Björn, Sanna-Mari Pudas-Tähkä, Sanna Salanterä, Anna Axelin
AIM: To evaluate the impact of video education on critical care nurses' knowledge and skills in using a behavioural pain assessment tool for intensive care patients and to explore the nurses' experiences with video education. METHODS: Forty-eight nurses in one intensive care unit watched an educational video on the use of the Critical-Care Pain Observation Tool, then assessed pain in two patients with the tool and took a knowledge test. The researcher made parallel pain assessments...
April 18, 2017: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431539/pain-intervention-for-people-with-dementia-in-nursing-homes-pid-study-protocol-for-a-quasi-experimental-nurse-intervention
#7
Andrea Koppitz, Georg Bosshard, Geneviève Blanc, Hannele Hediger, Sheila Payne, Thomas Volken
BACKGROUND: It is estimated that 19 to 83% of people with dementia suffer from pain that is inadequately treated in the last months of life. A large number of healthcare workers who care for these people in nursing homes lack appropriate expertise and may therefore not always recognise, assess and treat pain in those with dementia who have complex problems on time, properly and efficiently. The aim of this intervention trial is to identify care needs of people with dementia suffering from pain living in a nursing home...
April 21, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431458/reclaiming-our-spirits-development-and-pilot-testing-of-a-health-promotion-intervention-for-indigenous-women-who-have-experienced-intimate-partner-violence
#8
Colleen Varcoe, Annette J Browne, Marilyn Ford-Gilboe, Madeleine Dion Stout, Holly McKenzie, Roberta Price, Victoria Bungay, Victoria Smye, Jane Inyallie, Linda Day, Koushambhi Khan, Angela Heino, Marilyn Merritt-Gray
Indigenous women are subjected to high rates of multiple forms of violence, including intimate partner violence (IPV), in the context of ongoing colonization and neo-colonization. Health promotion interventions for women who experience violence have not been tailored specifically for Indigenous women. Reclaiming Our Spirits (ROS) is a health promotion intervention designed for Indigenous women living in an urban context in Canada. In this paper, we describe the development of the intervention, results of a pilot study, and the revised subsequent intervention...
April 21, 2017: Research in Nursing & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431419/creation-and-validation-of-an-automated-algorithm-to-determine-postoperative-ventilator-requirements-after-cardiac-surgery
#9
Eilon Gabel, Ira S Hofer, Nancy Satou, Tristan Grogan, Richard Shemin, Aman Mahajan, Maxime Cannesson
BACKGROUND: In medical practice today, clinical data registries have become a powerful tool for measuring and driving quality improvement, especially among multicenter projects. Registries face the known problem of trying to create dependable and clear metrics from electronic medical records data, which are typically scattered and often based on unreliable data sources. The Society for Thoracic Surgery (STS) is one such example, and it supports manually collected data by trained clinical staff in an effort to obtain the highest-fidelity data possible...
May 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429997/attitudes-toward-cognitive-enhancer-use-among-new-zealand-tertiary-students
#10
Sanyogita Sanya Ram, Safeera Hussainy, Marcus Henning, Kay Stewart, Maree Jensen, Bruce Russell
BACKGROUND: Cognitive enhancement is the use of prescription stimulant medicines by healthy individuals for nonmedical use in academic settings. Commonly used cognitive enhancers (CEs) include methylphenidate, amphetamines, and modafinil. To understand the motivation to use CEs, it is important to look beyond prevalence and explore the extent to which attitudes, beliefs, and intentions predict the decision to use CEs. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to investigate what factors explain the decision to use CEs among tertiary students in New Zealand, using the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB)...
April 21, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429643/emergency-department-staff-priorities-for-improving-palliative-care-provision-for-older-people-a-qualitative-study
#11
Rebecca J Wright, Karen Lowton, Glenn Robert, Corita R Grudzen, Patricia Grocott
BACKGROUND: Emergency department-based palliative care services are increasing, but research to develop these services rarely includes input from emergency clinicians, jeopardizing the effectiveness of subsequent palliative care interventions. AIM: To collaboratively identify with emergency clinicians' improvement priorities for emergency department-based palliative care for older people. DESIGN: This was one component of an experience-based co-design project, conducted using semi-structured interviews and feedback sessions...
April 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429527/balancing-health-care-education-and-patient-care-in-the-uk-workplace-a-realist-synthesis
#12
Sarah Sholl, Rola Ajjawi, Helen Allbutt, Jane Butler, Divya Jindal-Snape, Jill Morrison, Charlotte Rees
CONTEXT: Patient care activity has recently increased without a proportionate rise in workforce numbers, impacting negatively on health care workplace learning. Health care professionals are prepared in part by spending time in clinical practice, and for medical staff this constitutes a contribution to service. Although stakeholders have identified the balance between health care professional education and patient care as a key priority for medical education research, there have been very few reviews to date on this important topic...
April 20, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429376/daily-crying-prevalence-and-associated-factors-in-older-adult-persons-living-in-nursing-homes-findings-from-a-regional-study
#13
Alvisa Palese, Arianna Simeoni, Antonio Ranieri Zuttion, Barbara Ferrario, Sandra Ponta, Elisa Ambrosi
OBJECTIVES: The study aims to evaluate the prevalence of nursing home (NH) resident crying and associated factors at the individual and NH levels. DESIGN: A regional retrospective study design has been used. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: A total of 8875 residents, living in 105 NHs, were included. MEASUREMENTS: The occurrence of an episode of crying on at least a daily basis in the last month was the dependent variable; independent variables were set at individual and at the NH levels as reported in the Val...
April 21, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429173/a-new-approach-to-local-dco-in-ankle-fracture-dislocations-external-fixation-with-diaphyseal-unicortical-screws-applied-by-local-anaesthesia
#14
F Lavini, T Maluta, G Carpeggiani, C Dall'Oca, E Samaila, G Marconato, B Magnan
PURPOSE: Ankle fracture dislocations represent a great threat for soft tissue viability and articular instability. The use of a temporary ankle bridging ExFix plays a fundamental role in the local damage control orthopaedics while waiting for definitive synthesis. METHODS: For this prospective research, we have developed a full application protocol of innovative diaphyseal monocortical screws fixator (Unyco-Orthofix(TM)) exclusively under local anaesthesia. Rigid selection criteria allowed us to collect nine patients during a period of almost 2 years...
April 20, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428184/clinical-and-cost-effectiveness-safety-and-acceptability-of-community-intravenous-antibiotic-service-models-civas-systematic-review
#15
E D Mitchell, C Czoski Murray, D Meads, J Minton, J Wright, M Twiddy
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate evidence of the efficacy, safety, acceptability and cost-effectiveness of outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy (OPAT) models. DESIGN: A systematic review. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, National Health Service (NHS) Economic Evaluation Database (EED), Research Papers in Economics (RePEc), Tufts Cost-Effectiveness Analysis (CEA) Registry, Health Business Elite, Health Information Management Consortium (HMIC), Web of Science Proceedings, International Pharmaceutical Abstracts, British Society for Antimicrobial Chemotherapy website...
April 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427405/ceiling-effect-in-emr-system-assimilation-a-multiple-case-study-in-primary-care-family-practices
#16
Marie-Claude Trudel, Josianne Marsan, Guy Paré, Louis Raymond, Ana Ortiz de Guinea, Éric Maillet, Thomas Micheneau
BACKGROUND: There has been indisputable growth in adoption of electronic medical record (EMR) systems in the recent years. However, physicians' progress in using these systems has stagnated when measured with maturity scales. While this so-called ceiling effect has been observed and its consequences described in previous studies, there is a paucity of research on the elements that could explain such an outcome. We first suggest that in the context of EMR systems we are in presence of a "tiered ceiling effect" and then we show why such phenomenon occurs...
April 20, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426999/emotional-intelligence-and-affective-events-in-nurse-education-a-narrative-review
#17
REVIEW
Gillian M Lewis, Christine Neville, Neal M Ashkanasy
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the current state of knowledge about emotional intelligence and affective events that arise during nursing students' clinical placement experiences. DESIGN: Narrative literature review. DATA SOURCES: CINAHL, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Scopus, Web of Science, ERIC and APAIS-Health databases published in English between 1990 and 2016. REVIEW METHODS: Data extraction from and constant comparative analysis of ten (10) research articles...
April 7, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426998/can-nursing-students-perceived-teacher-enthusiasm-dampen-their-class-related-boredom-during-theoretical-lessons-a-cross-sectional-study-among-chinese-nursing-students
#18
Guanyu Cui, Meilin Yao, Xia Zhang
BACKGROUND: Class-related boredom experienced by nursing students during theoretical lessons may affect their health and learning outcomes. Perceived teacher enthusiasm of nursing students may dampen their boredom, but little empirical research has investigated their relationship. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the current study is to investigate the dampening effects of nursing students' perceived teacher enthusiasm on their class-related boredom during theoretical lessons...
April 8, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426922/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-healthy-directions-a-lifestyle-intervention-for-adults-with-lung-cancer
#19
Amanda C Blok, Traci M Blonquist, Manan M Nayak, Darryl Somayaji, Scott E Crouter, Laura L Hayman, Yolonda L Colson, Raphael Bueno, Karen M Emmons, Mary E Cooley
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this feasibility study of an adapted lifestyle intervention for adults with lung cancer were to: 1) determine rates of enrollment, attrition and completion of five nurse-patient contacts, 2) examine demographic characteristics of those more likely to enroll into the program, 3) determine acceptability of the intervention, and 4) identify patient preferences for the format of supplemental educational intervention materials. METHODS: This study used a single arm, pre-and post-test design...
April 20, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426897/the-effects-of-awareness-and-count-duration-on-adult-respiratory-rate-measurements-an-experimental-study
#20
Andrew Hill, Eliza Kelly, Mark S Horswill, Marcus O Watson
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether awareness of manual respiratory rate monitoring affects respiratory rate in adults, and whether count duration influences respiratory rate estimates. BACKGROUND: Nursing textbooks typically suggest that the patient should ideally be unaware of respiratory rate observations; however, there is little published evidence of the effect of awareness on respiratory rate, and none specific to manual measurement. In addition, recommendations about the length of the respiratory rate count vary from text-to-text, and the relevant empirical evidence is scant, inconsistent and subject to substantial methodological limitations...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
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