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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349240/explaining-racial-ethnic-differences-in-all-cause-mortality-in-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis-mesa-substantive-complexity-and-hazardous-working-conditions-as-mediating-factors
#1
Kaori Fujishiro, Anjum Hajat, Paul A Landsbergis, John D Meyer, Pamela J Schreiner, Joel D Kaufman
Research on racial/ethnic health disparities and socioeconomic position has not fully considered occupation. However, because occupations are racially patterned, certain occupational characteristics may explain racial/ethnic difference in health. This study examines the role of occupational characteristics in racial/ethnic disparities in all-cause mortality. Data are from a U.S. community-based cohort study (n=6342, median follow-up: 12.2 years), in which 893 deaths (14.1%) occurred. We estimated mortality hazard ratios (HRs) for African Americans, Hispanics, and Chinese Americans compared with whites...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337888/depression-symptom-patterns-and-social-correlates-among-chinese-americans
#2
Lin Zhu
The aim of this study is to examine and compare the depression symptoms pattern and social correlates in three groups: foreign-born Chinese Americans, US-born Chinese Americans, and non-Hispanic whites. This study used data from the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys (CPES). The study sample consists of 599 Chinese Americans (468 for the foreign-born and 121 for the US-born) and 4032 non-Hispanic whites. Factor analysis was used to examine the depression symptom patterns by each subgroup. Four depression symptoms dimensions were examined: negative affect, somatic symptoms, cognitive symptoms, and suicidality...
January 16, 2018: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337255/a-comparative-study-of-american-and-chinese-college-students-motives-for-food-choice
#3
Sharon M Pearcey, Ginny Q Zhan
Previous cross-cultural research has examined college students' food choice decisions in different countries. The current study aimed to add to the literature by examining similarities and differences in motives for food choice between American (N = 328) and Chinese (N = 333) college students. The Food Choice Questionnaire (FCQ) was used to measure the participants' motives for food choice. Students' perceptions on the importance of diet and on their body satisfaction were also obtained. Results show that, while there are many similarities between the two cultural groups on the FCQ items, there are also significant differences...
January 11, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337020/inverse-association-between-plasma-homocysteine-concentrations-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-among-a-middle-aged-and-elderly-chinese-population
#4
C Yu, J Wang, F Wang, X Han, H Hu, J Yuan, X Miao, P Yao, S Wei, Y Wang, Y Liang, W Chen, X Zhang, H Guo, H Yang, Y Tang, D Zheng, T Wu, M He
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Plasma homocysteine concentrations have been reported to be associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) with controversial findings. The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between plasma homocysteine concentrations and T2DM. METHODS AND RESULTS: A cross-sectional study including 19,085 eligible participants derived from the Dongfeng-Tongji cohort was conducted. Plasma homocysteine concentrations were measured by Abbott Architect i2000 Automatic analyzer and T2DM was defined according to American Diabetes Association criteria...
December 7, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336362/screening-for-sh3tc2-pmp2-and-bscl2-variants-in-a-cohort-of-chinese-patients-with-charcot-marie-tooth
#5
Xin Zhao, Ming-Ming Jiang, Yi-Zhou Yan, Lei Liu, Yong-Zhi Xie, Xiao-Bo Li, Zheng-Mao Hu, Xiao-Hong Zi, Kun Xia, Bei-Sha Tang, Ru-Xu Zhang
BACKGROUND: SH3TC2, PMP2, and BSCL2 genes are related to autosomal recessive (AR) Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease type 1, autosomal dominant (AD)-CMT1, and AD-CMT2, respectively. Pathogenic variants in these three genes were not well documented in Chinese CMT patients. Therefore, this study aims to detect SH3TC2, PMP2, and BSCL2 pathogenic variants in a cohort of 315 unrelated Chinese CMT families. METHODS: A total of 315 probands from 315 unrelated Chinese CMT families were recruited from the Department of Neurology of Third Xiangya Hospital and Xiangya Hospital...
January 20, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333889/risking-it-anyway-an-adolescent-case-study-of-trauma-sexual-and-gender-identities-and-relationality
#6
Elizabeth A McConnell
This article presents the case of a Chinese-American adolescent with a significant trauma history who was questioning her sexual and gender identities. The implications of the client's intersecting identities for case conceptualization and treatment are considered within the framework of affirmative practices for sexual and gender minority (SGM) clients. The impacts of stress and trauma on this client's experiences-and SGM clients more broadly-are also considered, particularly with respect to how this client understood and negotiated her experiences of relational trauma...
January 15, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331891/global-association-between-ambient-air-pollution-and-blood-pressure-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Bo-Yi Yang, Zhengmin Qian, Steven W Howard, Michael G Vaughn, Shu-Jun Fan, Kang-Kang Liu, Guang-Hui Dong
Although numerous studies have investigated the association of ambient air pollution with hypertension and blood pressure (BP), the results were inconsistent. We performed a comprehensive systematic review and meta-analysis of these studies. Seven international and Chinese databases were searched for studies examining the associations of particulate (diameter<2.5 μm (PM2.5), 2.5-10 μm (PM2.5-10) or >10 μm (PM10)) and gaseous (sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), nitrogen oxides (NOx), ozone (O3), carbon monoxide (CO)) air pollutants with hypertension or BP...
January 11, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329117/ce-original-research-physical-activity-among-chinese-american-immigrants-with-prediabetes-or-type-2-diabetes
#8
Sophia H Hu, Mei R Fu, Shan Liu, Yen-Kuang Lin, Wen-Yin Chang
Findings from this mixed-methods study reveal deficits and suggest areas for change. ABSTRACT: Background: Although the benefits of aerobic exercise and strength training for patients with type 2 diabetes have been studied extensively, research on physical activity among Chinese American immigrants diagnosed with prediabetes or type 2 diabetes has been limited. PURPOSE: We sought to learn more about this population's knowledge of physical activity, the types and intensity levels performed, and the barriers to such activity...
January 11, 2018: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327296/correction-to-dietary-intake-of-soy-and-cruciferous-vegetables-and-treatment-related-symptoms-in-chinese-american-and-non-hispanic-white-breast-cancer-survivors
#9
Sarah J O Nomura, Yi-Ting Hwang, Scarlett Lin Gomez, Teresa T Fung, Shu-Lan Yeh, Chiranjeev Dash, Laura Allen, Serena Philips, Leena Hilakivi-Clarke, Yun-Ling Zheng, Judy Huei-Yu Wang
In the original publication, the values provided for the isoflavone and glucosinolate intake variables were incorrectly labeled in Table 1. The correct values of 6.3 mg/day for isoflavone intake, and 20.4 mg/day and 50.1 mg/day for glucosinolate intake are provided in this erratum.
January 11, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325582/urinary-angiostatin-cxcl4-and-vcam-1-as-biomarkers-of-lupus-nephritis
#10
Chi Chiu Mok, Samar Soliman, Ling Yin Ho, Fatma A Mohamed, Faten Ismail Mohamed, Chandra Mohan
BACKGROUND: The aim was to study urinary angiostatin, CXC chemokine ligand 4 (CXCL4) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) as biomarkers of renal disease in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHOD: Patients who fulfilled ≥ 4 American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria for SLE with active renal, active non-renal or inactive disease, and a group of healthy controls were studied. Urine samples were assayed for angiostatin, CXCL4 and VCAM-1 by ELISA, and normalized by creatinine...
January 11, 2018: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325349/-introduction-and-interpretation-of-guidelines-on-thromboprophylaxis-in-the-perioperative-period-of-urological-surgery
#11
X Wang, Z Y Liu
Venous thromboembolism had drawn great attention of global experts, as it is the third leading cause of cardiovascular-associated death, ranking after coronary heart disease and stroke. Numerous health care organizations had introduced guidelines for thromboprophylaxis during the perioperative period in their own fields. The paper reviewed the available guidelines pertaining to urological surgery from America Urological Association, American College of Chest Physicians and European Association of Urology. Compared with the first two guidelines, the European Association of Urology guideline is a milestone which recommended the most detailed prophylactic measures for the procedure-specific and patient-specific according to the evidence-based medicine...
January 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323046/non-concomitant-cortical-structural-and-functional-alterations-in-sensorimotor-areas-following-incomplete-spinal-cord-injury
#12
Yu Pan, Wei-Bei Dou, Yue-Heng Wang, Hui-Wen Luo, Yun-Xiang Ge, Shu-Yu Yan, Quan Xu, Yuan-Yuan Tu, Yan-Qing Xiao, Qiong Wu, Zhuo-Zhao Zheng, Hong-Liang Zhao
Brain plasticity, including anatomical changes and functional reorganization, is the physiological basis of functional recovery after spinal cord injury (SCI). The correlation between brain anatomical changes and functional reorganization after SCI is unclear. This study aimed to explore whether alterations of cortical structure and network function are concomitant in sensorimotor areas after incomplete SCI. Eighteen patients with incomplete SCI (mean age 40.94 ± 14.10 years old; male:female, 7:11) and 18 healthy subjects (37...
December 2017: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320335/physician-intervention-and-chinese-americans-colorectal-cancer-screening
#13
Judy Huei-Yu Wang, Grace X Ma, Wenchi Liang, Yin Tan, Kepher H Makambi, Roucheng Dong, Sally W Vernon, Shin-Ping Tu, Jeanne S Mandelblatt
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a cluster-randomized trial evaluating an intervention that trained Chinese-American primary care physicians to increase their Chinese patients' colorectal cancer (CRC) screening. METHODS: Twenty-five physicians (13 randomized to the intervention arm and 12 to the control arm) and 479 of their patients (aged 50-75 and nonadherent to CRC screening guidelines) were enrolled. The intervention, guided by Social Cognitive Theory, included a communication guide and 2 in-office training sessions to enhance physicians' efficacy in com- municating CRC screening with patients...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315535/chinese-and-south-asian-ethnicity-immigration-status-and-clinical-cancer-outcomes-in-the-ontario-cancer-system
#14
James K R Stevenson, Matthew C Cheung, Craig C Earle, Hadas D Fischer, Ximena Camacho, Refik Saskin, Baiju R Shah, Peter C Austin, Simron Singh
BACKGROUND: In the United States, certain minority groups have been shown to have inferior cancer outcomes compared with the white majority population. However, to the authors' knowledge, the majority of research has not separated ethnicity from immigration status. The objective of the current study was to determine the impact of ethnicity, independent of immigration status, on cancer outcomes in Chinese and South Asian populations in Ontario, Canada. METHODS: The authors conducted a population-based retrospective cohort study using administrative databases in Ontario, Canada...
January 9, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308727/long-term-mortality-and-morbidity-of-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-single-center-cohort-study-in-china
#15
Z Wang, M Li, Y Wang, D Xu, Q Wang, S Zhang, J Zhao, J Su, Q Wu, Q Shi, X Leng, W Zhang, X Tian, Y Zhao, X Zeng
Objective This study aims to exhibit the prognosis, both mortality and morbidity, of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in a single-center cohort in China. Methods A cohort of Chinese SLE patients were recruited from April 2009 to February 2010, and followed up regularly in clinic at Peking Union Medical College Hospital (PUMCH). Data for baseline, follow-up, and survival were collected, including demography, manifestations, activity, the Systemic Lupus International Collaborating/American College of Rheumatology (SLICC/ACR) Damage Index (SDI), and medications...
January 1, 2018: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308336/comparison-of-online-dementia-information-in-chinese-and-in-english-languages
#16
John T Tsiang, Benjamin K Woo
Introduction There is a deficit of avenues for obtaining dementia information in the Asian American community. This study aims to compare the content and quality differences between websites providing information on dementia as found by a Google search conducted both in simplified Chinese characters and in English. Methods A Google search was performed for the phrase "dementia" in simplified Chinese characters and in English. The resultant websites were categorized by whether they were commercial in nature, the type of website, and whether the website provided an explanation of dementia signs and symptoms...
October 28, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307277/pathogenicity-analysis-of-variations-and-prenatal-diagnosis-in-a-hereditary-coagulation-factor-xiii-deficiency-family
#17
Liwei Sun, Qijiang Yan, Yonghua Wang, Hualei Luo, Peng Du, Reem Hassan, Li Liu, Weiying Jiang
OBJECTIVES: Prenatal diagnosis (PND) procedure is urgent to be established for timely management and fatal consequence prevention of factor XIII deficiency (FXIIID), and variations data among Chinese are very scanty. We aimed to find a novel mutation among Chinese and establish a rapid and precise PND procedure with pathogenicity analysis to contribute to the prevention of postpartum hemorrhage in pregnant women and central nervous system bleeding in newborns. METHODS: FXIIID was diagnosed by qualitative and quantitative tests of clot solubility test and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, respectively...
January 7, 2018: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298633/objective-and-subjective-cancer-knowledge-among-faith-based-chinese-adults
#18
Su-I Hou, Ling Jie Liu
This study examined cancer knowledge between church-going younger versus older Chinese adults. Hou's 8-item validated cancer screening knowledge test (CSKT) and a new 14-item cancer warning signs test (CWST) were used to assess objective knowledge. Subjective knowledge was measured by one overall 5-point Likert scale item. A total of 372 Taiwanese and Chinese Americans from nine churches participated. Although there were no significant differences by age on either the CSKT scores (younger = 5.89 vs. older = 5...
January 1, 2018: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294806/tolerance-for-intimate-partner-violence-a-comparative-study-of-chinese-and-american-college-students
#19
Luye Li, Ivan Y Sun, Deeanna M Button
Tolerance for intimate partner violence (IPV) is an important correlate of interpersonal violent behavior. Although a large amount of research on IPV has been conducted in the West and a growing amount of studies on IPV in Chinese societies has been observed in recent years, only a small number of studies have analyzed IPV-related attitudes from an international and comparative perspective. Drawing on survey data collected from 1,178 college students from two Chinese and two U.S. universities, this study empirically compared and contrasted factors influencing students' levels of tolerance for IPV...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294739/corporal-punishment-and-child-aggression-ethnic-level-family-cohesion-as-a-moderator
#20
Yoona Lee, Malcolm W Watson
Ethnicity has been examined as a putative moderator between parents' use of corporal punishment and children's externalizing behaviors. Yet, the reasons for this potential ethnic-level moderator have not been fully examined. The primary objective of this study was to examine whether the effect of corporal punishment on aggression is ethnic-specific using major racial groups inside and outside the U.S. samples and how the mean levels of cohesion in family relationships as found in different ethnic groups moderate the association between mothers' use of corporal punishment and children's aggression...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
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