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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903376/-the-prevalence-of-ideal-cardiovascular-health-metrics-in-southeast-chinese-middle-aged-men
#1
S W Shen, Y Lu, H J Qi, C J Yang, Y P Wang, F Li, K D Shui, Z H Shen
Objective: To observe the prevalence and distribution of ideal cardiovascular health metrics in middle-aged men living in Su-Xi-Chang region and explore the relationship between health behavior and health factors. Methods: A total of 27 824 middle-aged men, who took part in health examination in the Center for Healthcare Management, Taihu Rehabilitation Hospital of Jiangsu Province from January 2014 to June 2015, were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. The ideal cardiovascular health metrics were defined by the American Heart Association criteria with minor modification in that the amount of vegetable intake was replaced by salt intake...
October 24, 2016: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893097/benefit-of-measuring-anterior-segment-structures-using-an-increased-number-of-optical-coherence-tomography-images-the-chinese-american-eye-study
#2
Benjamin Y Xu, Paul Israelsen, Billy X Pan, Dandan Wang, Xuejuan Jiang, Rohit Varma
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the benefit of analyzing an increased number of anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) images on measurement values of various anterior segment parameters. Methods: Subjects for this cross-sectional study were recruited from the Chinese American Eye Study (CHES), a population-based study in Los Angeles, CA. Thirty-two AS-OCT images were acquired from one eye each of 83 consecutive subjects. Sixteen parameters were analyzed in each image, including angle opening distance (AOD), angle recess area (ARA), trabecular iris space area (TISA), trabecular iris angle (TIA), scleral spur angle (SSAngle), lens vault (LV), pupillary diameter (PD), anterior chamber depth (ACD), anterior chamber width (ACW), iris area (IA), and anterior chamber area (ACA)...
November 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887624/detection-and-phylogenetic-analysis-of-porcine-epidemic-diarrhea-virus-in-central-china-based-on-the-orf3-gene-and-the-s1-gene
#3
Yunfang Su, Yunchao Liu, Yumei Chen, Baolei Zhao, Pengchao Ji, Guangxu Xing, Dawei Jiang, Chang Liu, Yapeng Song, Guoqiang Wang, Dongliang Li, Ruiguang Deng, Gaiping Zhang
BACKGROUND: Porcine epidemic diarrhea (PED) has increased in severity in China since 2010. To investigate further the infectivity, genetic diversity and molecular epidemiology of its causative agent, the porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV), we assessed 129 clinical samples, which were the intestinal tissue of piglets with severe diarrhea, from 17 cities in central China. Both the spike (S) glycoprotein (S1, 1-789 amino acids (aa)) and the full-length ORF3 gene of 21 representative field strains from 21 farms in 11 cities were sequenced and analysed...
November 25, 2016: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883980/progression-of-coronary-artery-calcium-in-japanese-american-men-and-white-men-in-the-era-jump-study
#4
Vasudha Ahuja, Kamal Masaki, Abhishek Vishnu, Lei Ye, Bradley Wilcox, Christina Wassel, Akira Fujiyoshi, Emma J M Barinas-Mitchell, Katsuyuki Miura, Hirotsuga Ueshima, Beatriz L Rodriguez, Daniel Edmundowicz, Akira Sekikawa
BACKGROUND: Progression of coronary artery calcium (CAC) is associated with increased risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) and is reported to be greater in whites than blacks, Hispanics, and Chinese in the US. Our objective was to compare progression of CAC between Japanese Americans and whites. METHODS: Population-based sample of 303 Japanese American men and 310 white men aged 40-49years, free of clinical cardiovascular disease at baseline, were examined for CAC at baseline (2004-2007) and follow-up (2008-2013)...
November 14, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881423/association-of-systemic-arterial-properties-with-right-ventricular-morphology-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis-mesa-right-ventricle-study
#5
Nadine Al-Naamani, Julio A Chirinos, Payman Zamani, Robin Ruthazer, Jessica K Paulus, Kari E Roberts, R Graham Barr, Joao A Lima, David A Bluemke, Richard Kronmal, Steven M Kawut
BACKGROUND: Systemic arterial stiffness is recognized as a major contributor to development of left ventricular dysfunction and failure; however, the relationship of systemic arterial properties and the right ventricle (RV) is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: The associations between systemic arterial measures (total arterial compliance [TAC], systemic vascular resistance [SVR], and aortic augmentation index [AI]) and RV morphology (mass, end-systolic [RVESV] and end-diastolic volume [RVEDV], and ejection fraction [RVEF]) were examined using data from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis...
November 23, 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879640/new-homoisoflavanes-a-new-alkaloid-and-spirostane-steroids-from-the-roots-of-herreria-montevidensis-klotzsch-ex-griseb-herreriaceae
#6
María Dutra-Behrens, Guillermo Schmeda-Hirschmann
The roots of the South American vine Herreria montevidensis Klotzsch ex Griseb. (Herreriaceae) are used in traditional medicine by several Amerindian groups of the Paraguayan Chaco. Little is known on the chemistry of the plant, despite its widespread use across the South American Chaco. From the ethyl acetate/methanol 1:1 extract of the roots, four new and one known homoisoflavanoid, two flavan derivatives, a stilbene, a new alkaloid, and three new and four known spirostane steroids were isolated. The corresponding structures were elucidated by spectroscopic and spectrometric means...
November 21, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872035/practical-issues-in-developing-a-culturally-tailored-physical-activity-promotion-program-for-chinese-and-korean-american-midlife-women-a-pilot-study
#7
Wonshik Chee, Sangmi Kim, Tsung-Lan Chu, Hsiu-Min Tsai, Xiaopeng Ji, Jingwen Zhang, Eunice Chee, Eun-Ok Im
BACKGROUND: With advances in computer technologies, Web-based interventions are widely accepted and welcomed by health care providers and researchers. Although the benefits of Web-based interventions on physical activity promotion have been documented, the programs have rarely targeted Asian Americans, including Asian American midlife women. Subsequently, culturally competent Web-based physical activity programs for Asian Americans may be necessary. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to explore practical issues in developing and implementing a culturally competent Web-based physical activity promotion program for 2 groups of Asian American women-Chinese American and Korean American midlife women-and to provide implications for future research...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859570/diabetes-incidence-and-prevalence-in-hong-kong-china-during-2006-2014
#8
J Quan, T K Li, H Pang, C H Choi, S C Siu, S Y Tang, N M Wat, J Woo, J M Johnston, G M Leung
AIMS: To estimate recent secular changes in the incidence and prevalence of diabetes and pre-diabetes among Hong Kong Chinese adults, and thus show possible future trends for developing mainland China. METHODS: Based on a complete census of the public sector health records of 6.4 million people from 2006 to 2014, diabetes cases were ascertained using different methods including the World Health Organization (WHO) 2011 guidelines (HbA1c , fasting plasma glucose and glucose tolerance test), American Diabetes Association (ADA) 2015 guidelines (plus random plasma glucose), and additionally recorded diagnosis codes and medication dispensation...
November 12, 2016: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858288/complete-genomic-characterization-of-two-european-genotype-porcine-reproductive-and-respiratory-syndrome-virus-isolates-in-fujian-province-of-china
#9
Jian-Kui Liu, Chun-Hua Wei, Ai-Ling Dai, Ke-Wei Fan, Bing-Hui Yang, Chun-Fang Huang, Xiao-Hua Li, Xiao-Yan Yang, Man-Lin Luo
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) is considered one of the most devastating swine diseases worldwide, resulting in immense economic losses. PRRS virus (PRRSV) is divided into two major genotypes, European (type 1) and the North American (type 2). Type 1 PRRSV have recently emerged in Fujian province (South China), and this might have a significant impact on the Chinese pig industry. From 2013 to 2014, two type 1 PRRSV strains, named FJEU13 and FJQEU14, were isolated from piglets and sows with respiratory problems and reproductive disorders in Fujian province...
November 17, 2016: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856485/ectopic-fat-depots-and-coronary-artery-calcium-in-south-asians-compared-with-other-racial-ethnic-groups
#10
Sachin K Garg, Feng Lin, Namratha Kandula, Jingzhong Ding, Jeffrey Carr, Matthew Allison, Kiang Liu, David Herrington, Dhananjay Vaidya, Eric Vittinghoff, Alka M Kanaya
BACKGROUND: South Asians have a low body mass index and high prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) relative to other racial/ethnic groups. Radiographically detected ectopic fat distribution is better associated with CVD than body mass index. We assessed whether differences in ectopic fat depots explained differences in the prevalence/severity of coronary artery calcium (CAC), a predictor of incident CVD events, among South Asians compared with other racial/ethnic groups. METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined the associations of radiographically detected visceral, intermuscular, intrahepatic, and pericardial fat with CAC among adults without baseline CVD...
November 17, 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856445/fetuin-a-and-risk-of-diabetes-independent-of-liver-fat-content-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis
#11
Sarah A Aroner, Kenneth J Mukamal, David E St-Jules, Matthew J Budoff, Ronit Katz, Michael H Criqui, Matthew A Allison, Ian H de Boer, David S Siscovick, Joachim H Ix, Majken K Jensen
Fetuin-A is a hepatic secretory protein and a novel risk factor for diabetes. However, it remains unclear whether the association between high levels of fetuin-A and diabetes can be attributed to nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. We conducted a case-cohort study among 1,957 subcohort members and 455 incident diabetes cases in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis, a multicenter US study of Caucasian, African-American, Hispanic, and Chinese-American adults aged 45-84 years. Serum fetuin-A and computed tomography-determined liver fat content were measured from samples collected at baseline (2000-2002)...
November 17, 2016: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851803/the-2013-american-college-of-rheumatology-european-league-against-rheumatism-classification-criteria-for-systemic-sclerosis-could-classify-systemic-sclerosis-patients-at-earlier-stage-data-from-a-chinese-eustar-center
#12
Dong Xu, Yong Hou, Yuanfang Zheng, Yue Zheng, Mengtao Li, Xiaofeng Zeng
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the performance of the 2013 ACR/EULAR classification criteria for systemic sclerosis (SSc) in clinical practice in a Chinese patient cohort, and to compare outcomes with the 1980 ACR criteria. METHODS: Patients clinically diagnosed with SSc between September 2013 and May 2015 were prospectively recruited from the EUSTAR database of the Peking Union Medical College Hospital. Diagnosis of SSc was based on the evaluation of three experienced rheumatologists...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849564/progression-of-carotid-arterial-stiffness-with-treatment-of-hypertension-over-10-years-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis
#13
Adam D Gepner, Yacob Tedla, Laura A Colangelo, Matthew C Tattersall, Claudia E Korcarz, Joel D Kaufman, Kiang Liu, Gregory L Burke, Steven Shea, Philip Greenland, James H Stein
Associations with antihypertensive medication classes and progression of arterial stiffness have not been studied in a prospective multiethnic cohort. All participants had hypertension at baseline, defined as blood pressure ≥140/90 mm Hg or use of antihypertensive medications. Medication use and blood pressure were assessed at 5 time points. Young's elastic modulus and distensibility coefficient of the right common carotid artery were obtained by ultrasound at baseline and after a mean (SD) follow-up period of 9...
November 14, 2016: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846888/comparison-of-intramedullary-and-extramedullary-fixation-of-stable-intertrochanteric-fractures-in-the-elderly-a-prospective-randomised-controlled-trial-exploring-hidden-perioperative-blood-loss
#14
Leyi Cai, Te Wang, Lu Di, Wei Hu, Jianshun Wang
BACKGROUND: Hip fracture is a severe and common injury that occurs predominantly in the elderly. Blood loss in the perioperative period is associated with a greater risk of dying in anaemic patients. The aim of the study was to explore the best way to treat stable intertrochanteric fractures, taking hidden blood loss into account. METHODS: This prospective, randomised blinded study included patients aged over 65 years with stable intertrochanteric fractures (Evans grades I and II)...
November 15, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846298/damage-in-the-multiethnic-malaysian-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-sle-cohort-comparison-with-other-cohorts-worldwide
#15
Syahrul Sazliyana Shaharir, Heselynn Hussein, Sakthiswary Rajalingham, Mohd Shahrir Mohamed Said, Abdul Halim Abdul Gafor, Rozita Mohd, Ruslinda Mustafar
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic autoimmune disease and despite the improvement in the survival in the past few decades, the morbidity due to disease damage remains significant. The objectives of this study were to investigate the disease damagepattern and determine the associated factors of damage in the multi-ethnic Malaysian SLE patients. We consecutively 424SLE patients who attended a consistent follow-up at the National University of Malaysia Medical Centre and Putrajaya Hospital were recruited...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829639/a-meta-analysis-of-the-relationship-between-maternal-folic-acid-supplementation-and-the-risk-of-congenital-heart-defects
#16
Aiping Xu, Xian Cao, Ying Lu, Haibo Li, Qingwen Zhu, Xiaobo Chen, Hongru Jiang, Xiaoqin Li
Controversial opinions exist with respect to the relationship between maternal folic acid (FA) supplementation and birth prevalence of congenital heart defects (CHDs).Eligible articles were retrieved by searching databases, including PubMed, Cochrane library, EMBASE, CNKI, and WanFang up to September 2015. A meta-analysis was performed to evaluate the effects of FA on CHDs. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence interval (CIs) were merged using STATA 12.0. Meta-regression analysis was used to explore the possible sources of heterogeneity...
November 9, 2016: International Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827338/blood-flukes-of-asiatic-softshell-turtles-revision-of-coeuritrema-mehra-1933-digenea-schistosomatoidea-and-a-new-species-infecting-chinese-softshell-turtles-pelodiscus-sinensis-trionychidae-from-vietnam
#17
Jackson R Roberts, Raphael Orelis-Ribeiro, Binh T Dang, Kenneth M Halanych, Stephen A Bullard
Coeuritrema Mehra, 1933, previously regarded as a junior subjective synonym of Hapalorhynchus Stunkard, 1922, herein is revised to include Coeuritrema lyssimus Mehra, 1933 (type species), Coeuritrema rugatus (Brooks et Sullivan, 1981) comb. n., and Coeuritrema platti Roberts et Bullard sp. n. These genera are morphologically similar by having a ventral sucker, non-fused caeca, two testes, a pre-testicular cirrus sac, an intertesticular ovary, and a common genital pore that opens dorsally and in the sinistral half of the body...
September 6, 2016: Folia Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816809/associations-of-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-with-abdominal-aortic-calcium-volume-and-density-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis-mesa
#18
Nketi I Forbang, Robyn L McClelland, Rosemay A Remigio-Baker, Matthew A Allison, Veit Sandfort, Erin D Michos, Isac Thomas, Dena E Rifkin, Michael H Criqui
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Abdominal aortic calcium (AAC) predicts future cardiovascular disease (CVD) events and all-cause mortality independent of CVD risk factors. The standard AAC score, the Agatston, up-weights for greater calcium density, and thus models higher calcium density as associated with increased CVD risk. We determined associations of CVD risk factors with AAC volume and density (separately). METHODS: In a multi-ethnic cohort of community living adults, we used abdominal computed tomography scans to measure AAC volume and density...
October 20, 2016: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816231/distribution-of-the-fmr1-gene-in-females-by-race-ethnicity-women-with-diminished-ovarian-reserve-versus-women-with-normal-fertility-swan-study
#19
Lisa M Pastore, Steven L Young, Ani Manichaikul, Valerie L Baker, Xin Q Wang, Joel S Finkelstein
OBJECTIVE: To study whether reported, but inconsistent, associations between the FMR1 CGG repeat lengths in the intermediate, high normal, or low normal range differentiate women diagnosed with diminished ovarian reserve (DOR) from population controls and whether associations vary by race/ethnic group. DESIGN: Case-control study. SETTING: Academic and private fertility clinics. PATIENT(S): DOR cases (n = 129; 95 Whites, 22 Asian, 12 other) from five U...
November 2, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814995/tmem230-mutation-analysis-in-parkinson-s-disease-in-a-chinese-population
#20
Weiqian Yan, Beisha Tang, Xiaoxia Zhou, Lifang Lei, Kai Li, Qiying Sun, Qian Xu, Xinxiang Yan, Jifeng Guo, Zhenhua Liu
Mutations in TMEM230 were identified as a genetic factor for Parkinson's disease (PD) with typical clinical symptoms and Lewy bodies in a North American population, and a highly prevalent TMEM230 mutation, c.550_552delTAGinsCCCGGG (p.*184ProGlyext*5), was found in 7 Chinese families. In the present study, we investigated the prevalence of TMEM230 mutations in a large cohort of Chinese PD patients and healthy controls individuals from mainland China. We sequenced all exons and exon-intron boundaries of TMEM230 in Chinese Han population including 1235 patients with PD and 1252 healthy control individuals...
October 11, 2016: Neurobiology of Aging
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