Read by QxMD icon Read

Chinese americans

Jung-Won Lim
OBJECTIVE: The current study aimed to (1) identify the occurrence of comorbidities among Chinese- and Korean-American breast cancer survivors (BCS), (2) examine whether health-related quality of life (HRQOL) scores varied with the occurrence of specific comorbidities, and (3) investigate the mediating effect of comorbidities on the relationship between life stress and HRQOL. DESIGN: Data were drawn from the parent study, a cross-sectional study investigating HRQOL in 86 Chinese- and 71 Korean-American BCS in Southern California...
October 21, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
May Ling D Halim, Diane N Ruble, Catherine S Tamis-LeMonda, Patrick E Shrout, David M Amodio
This study examined factors that predicted children's gender intergroup attitudes at age 5 and the implications of these attitudes for intergroup behavior. Ethnically diverse children from low-income backgrounds (N = 246; Mexican-, Chinese-, Dominican-, and African American) were assessed at ages 4 and 5. On average, children reported positive same-gender and negative other-gender attitudes. Positive same-gender attitudes were associated with knowledge of gender stereotypes. In contrast, positive other-gender attitudes were associated with flexibility in gender cognitions (stereotype flexibility, gender consistency)...
October 19, 2016: Child Development
Rosette J Chakkalakal, Justin P Fox, Jeremy C Green, Marcella Nunez-Smith, Brahmajee K Nallamothu, Romana Hasnain-Wynia
Concerns about the quality of race/ethnicity data collected by hospitals have limited our understanding of healthcare disparities affecting ethnic minorities in the United States. Using data from the New Jersey State Inpatient Databases and the American Community Survey, we calculated age-adjusted AMI hospitalization rates for Asian-American subgroups before (2005-2006) and after (2008-2009) New Jersey hospitals implemented standardized practices to collect more accurate granular race/ethnicity data from patients...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Hongbo Dong, Yinkun Yan, Junting Liu, Xiaoyuan Zhao, Hong Cheng, Dongqing Hou, Guimin Huang, Jie Mi
OBJECTIVE: The American Heart Association's (AHA) 2020 Strategic Goals defined a new concept of cardiovascular health (CVH) for adults and children, emphasizing the importance of early prevention of risk factors. CV disease risk factors track from childhood to adulthood, which should be closely monitored over time. However, detailed data on the trends in CVH among children are sparse. Therefore, by adopting the construct from the AHA, the present study seeks to evaluate the changes of ideal CVH, as well as each component, among Chinese children and adolescents in Beijing...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Yinkun Yan, Hongbo Dong, Junting Liu, Xiaoyuan Zhao, Hong Cheng, Dongqing Hou, Guimin Huang, Jie Mi
OBJECTIVE: In 2010, the American Heart Association (AHA) defined a set of four health behaviors and four health factors to evaluate cardiovascular health (CVH) status for children and adolescents. We aimed to examine the age-, sex-, and region- specific prevalence of ideal CVH and each CVH component among Chinese children and adolescents based on a nationally representative survey. DESIGN AND METHOD: Data were obtained from the China Children Blood Pressure Survey conducted in 2013-2014, which comprised of 10818 children and adolescents aged 6-18 years old from eight urban cities...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Yuanyuan Zhang, Bo Xi
OBJECTIVE: As a screening method, blood-pressure-to-height-ratio (BPHR) performed not well to identify elevated blood pressure (BP) in younger children. Our study is to compare the performance of the modified BPHR (MBPHR) and BPHR, and further to determine whether the MBPHR is superior to BPHR for screening elevated BP in Chinese and American children. DESIGN AND METHOD: Data were obtained from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in China and the USA...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo
Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are major causes of death and illness worldwide. In recent decades an increased prevalence of CVD mortality has been reported in low-medium income countries, which has been associated with changes in life styles, deficiencies in health systems and the persistence of social inequities.The metabolic syndrome comprises a cluster of cardiometabolic risk factors, with insulin resistance and increased adiposity as its central features. Identifying individuals with metabolic syndrome is important due to its association with an increased risk of coronary heart disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2)...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Michael H Criqui, Victor Aboyans, Matthew A Allison, Julie O Denenberg, Nketi Forbang, Mary M McDermott, Christina L Wassel, Nathan D Wong
We reviewed published MESA (Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis) study articles concerning peripheral arterial disease, subclavian stenosis (SS), abdominal aortic calcium (AAC), and thoracic artery calcium (TAC). Important findings include, compared to non-Hispanic whites, lower ankle-brachial index (ABI) and more SS in African Americans, and higher ABI and less SS in Hispanic and Chinese Americans. Abnormal ABI and brachial pressure differences were associated with other subclinical cardiovascular disease (CVD) measures...
September 2016: Global Heart
Paul Owusu Donkor, Ying Chen, Liqin Ding, Feng Qiu
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Ligusticum species (Umbelliferae) have been widely used in traditional Chinese medicine, Korean folk medicine and Native American medicine for their medicinal and nutritional value. Decoctions of the rhizomes are used in treatment and prophylaxis of migraine, anaemia and cardiovascular conditions including stroke. AIM OF STUDY: This review is intended to fully compile the constituents of locally and traditionally used Ligusticum species, present their bioactivities and highlight potential leads for future drug design, and thus, provide a reference for further research and application of these species...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Mingfeng Feng, Hanping Zhang, Yuan Pan, Yahui Hu, Jing Chen, Dengpan Zuo, Tong Jiang
BACKGROUND: Strawberry vein banding virus (SVBV) is a double-stranded DNA plant virus, which has been found in North America, Australia, Brazil, Japan, Europe and several provinces of China. Infected strawberry plants exhibit mild vein-banding symptoms and chlorosis along the veins. It is one of the most economically important diseases in Asiatic, European and North American strawberry-growing areas. FINDINGS: The complete genome of an SVBV Chinese isolate (SVBV-CN) was isolated and cloned from a naturally infected strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa cv...
October 6, 2016: Virology Journal
Yang Xia, Yeqing Gu, Fei Yu, Qing Zhang, Li Liu, Ge Meng, Hongmei Wu, Huanmin Du, Hongbin Shi, Xiaoyan Guo, Xing Liu, Chunlei Li, Peipei Han, Renwei Dong, Xiuyang Wang, Xue Bao, Qian Su, Liyun Fang, Fangfang Liu, Huijun Yang, Li Kang, Yixuan Ma, Bin Yu, Shaomei Sun, Xing Wang, Ming Zhou, Qiyu Jia, Qi Guo, Yuntang Wu, Kun Song, Guowei Huang, Guolin Wang, Kaijun Niu
Previous studies indicated that dietary patterns were associated with metabolic syndrome (MS), but little is known in Chinese. We design this case-control study to evaluate the associations between dietary patterns and MS in Chinese adults. In this study, 1492 participants with MS were matched with 1492 controls using the 1:1 ratio propensity score matching methods. Dietary intake was assessed using a valid self-administered food frequency questionnaire, and MS was defined in accordance with the criteria of the American Heart Association scientific statement of 2009...
October 6, 2016: Scientific Reports
Caroline A Thompson, Scarlett Lin Gomez, Katherine G Hastings, Kristopher Kapphahn, Peter Yu, Salma Shariff-Marco, Ami S Bhatt, Heather A Wakelee, Manali I Patel, Mark R Cullen, Latha P Palaniappan
BACKGROUND: Asian Americans (AA) are the fastest growing U.S. population, and when properly distinguished by their ethnic origins, exhibit substantial heterogeneity in socioeconomic status, health behaviors, and health outcomes. Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the United States, yet trends and current patterns in the mortality burden of cancer among AA ethnic groups have not been documented. METHODS: We report age-adjusted rates, standardized mortality ratios, and modeled trends in cancer-related mortality in the following AA ethnicities: Asian Indians, Chinese, Filipinos, Japanese, Koreans, and Vietnamese, from 2003 to 2011, with non-Hispanic whites (NHW) as the reference population...
October 2016: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
Diane Hughes, Juan Del Toro, Jessica F Harding, Niobe Way, Jason R D Rarick
The authors explored trajectories of perceived discrimination over a 6-year period (five assessments in 6th-11th grade) in relation to academic, behavioral, and psychological adjustment in 8th and 11th grades. They distinguished discrimination from adults versus peers in addition to overt versus covert discrimination from peers. The sample included 226 African American, White, Dominican, Puerto Rican, and Chinese adolescents (ages 11-12 at Time 1) recruited in sixth grade from six public schools in New York City...
September 2016: Child Development
Xueli Yang, Jianxin Li, Dongsheng Hu, Jichun Chen, Ying Li, Jianfeng Huang, Xiaoqing Liu, Fangchao Liu, Jie Cao, Chong Shen, Ling Yu, Fanghong Lu, Xianping Wu, Liancheng Zhao, Xigui Wu, Dongfeng Gu
BACKGROUND: -The accurate assessment of individual risk can be of great value to guiding and facilitating prevention of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). However, prediction models in common use were primarily formulated in white populations. The project is aimed to develop and validate ten-year risk prediction equations for ASCVD from four contemporary Chinese cohorts. METHODS: -Two prospective studies followed up together with a unified protocol were used as the derivation cohort to develop 10-year ASCVD risk equations in 21 320 Chinese participants...
September 28, 2016: Circulation
Pangaja Paramsothy, Siobán D Harlow, Bin Nan, Gail A Greendale, Nanette Santoro, Sybil L Crawford, Ellen B Gold, Ping G Tepper, John F Randolph
OBJECTIVE: The menopausal transition (MT) is a critical period associated with physiologic changes that influence women's long-term health and longevity. Information is, however, limited regarding factors that influence age at the onset of the MT and its duration (ie, time from MT onset to the final menstrual period). METHODS: We analyzed data for 1,145 women from four sites of the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation who participated in the menstrual calendar substudy, had the start of the MT identified, and had no missing covariate information...
September 26, 2016: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
Yan Ma, Alicia Yeung, Albert C Yang, Chung-Kang Peng, Alisabet Clain, Jonathan Alpert, Maurizio Fava, Albert S Yeung
OBJECTIVE: This pilot study evaluated the effects of Tai Chi training on sleep quality (primary outcomes), and depression and social functioning levels (secondary outcomes) among patients with depression. PARTICIPANTS: Sixteen depressed Chinese patients. METHODS: Participants received 1-hr Tai Chi training sessions 2 times per week for 10 weeks. Patients' subjective sleep quality ratings, objective sleep quality measurements, and depression and social functioning levels were measured before, during, and after the intervention...
September 27, 2016: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Jinan C Banna, Betsy Gilliland, Margaret Keefe, Dongping Zheng
BACKGROUND: Understanding views about what constitutes a healthy diet in diverse populations may inform design of culturally tailored behavior change interventions. The objective of this study was to describe perspectives on healthy eating among Chinese and American young adults and identify similarities and differences between these groups. METHODS: Chinese (n = 55) and American (n = 57) undergraduate students in Changsha, Hunan, China and Honolulu, Hawai'i, U...
September 26, 2016: BMC Public Health
Xuexia Geng, Ruixue Cheng, Tianyi Xiang, Bin Deng, Yaling Wang, Daogui Deng, Haijun Zhang
Daphnia pulex has played an important role in fresh-water ecosystems. In this study, the complete mitochondrial genome of Daphnia pulex from Chaohu, China was sequenced for the first time. It was accomplished using long-PCR methods and a primer-walking sequencing strategy with genus-specific primers. The mitogenome was found to be 15,306 bp in length. It contained 13 protein-coding genes, two rRNA genes, 22 tRNA genes and a typical control region. This research revealed an overall A+T content of 64.50%. All of the 22 typical animal tRNA genes had a classical clover-leaf structure except for trnS1, in which its DHU arm simply formed a loop...
2016: ZooKeys
Sen He, Yi Zheng, Hua Wang, Xiaoping Chen
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Recently, a new anthropometric parameter emerged, namely A Body Shape Index (ABSI), which appears to be a major risk factor for mortality in the American and British populations. To the best of our knowledge, the relationship between ABSI and mortality was not studied previously in the middle-aged Chinese men. Therefore, we assessed the relationship based on a 15-year prospective study. METHODS: In an urban community of Chengdu, 780 middle-aged Chinese men were included in 1992 and followed up for 15 years...
September 14, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Hye Won Lee, Jiae Choi, YoungJoo Lee, Ki-Jung Kil, Myeong Soo Lee
BACKGROUND: The aim of this systematic review was to update, complete, and critically evaluate the evidence from placebo-controlled randomized clinical trials (RCTs) of ginseng for managing menopausal women's health. METHODS: We searched the literature using 13 databases (MEDLINE, AMED, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, 6 Korean Medical, and 3 Chinese Databases) from their inception to July 2016 and included all double-blind RCTs that compared any type of ginseng with a placebo control in postmenopausal women...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"