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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104007/-john-kerr-and-the-early-china-medical-missionary-association
#1
W J Zheng, Y M Liu
In 1886, the Euro-American medical missionaries in China founded the first modern Chinese medical association-the China Medical Missionary Association, and John Kerr was elected as the first chairman and the first editor-in-chief of the China Medical Missionary Journal. John Kerr, who had done missionary medical work in China for thirty years, was then the director of Canton Hospital, and was one of the most influential medical missionaries in China and even all over the world. His great prestige and foresight and sagacity played an important role in the early development of the China Medical Missionary Association...
September 28, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099953/social-networks-among-the-older-chinese-population-in-the-usa-findings-from-the-pine-study
#2
XinQi Dong, E-Shien Chang
BACKGROUND: Social network research has become central to studies of health and aging. Its results may yield public health insights that are actionable and improve the quality of life of older adults. However, little is known about the social networks of older immigrant adults, whose social relationships often develop in the context of migration, compounded by cultural and linguistic barriers. OBJECTIVES: This report aims to describe the structure, composition, and emotional components of social networks in the Chinese aging population of the USA, and to explore ways in which their social networks may be critical to their health decision-making...
January 19, 2017: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093846/speaking-a-tone-language-enhances-musical-pitch-perception-in-3-5-year-olds
#3
Sarah C Creel, Mengxing Weng, Genyue Fu, Gail D Heyman, Kang Lee
Young children learn multiple cognitive skills concurrently (e.g., language and music). Evidence is limited as to whether and how learning in one domain affects that in another during early development. Here we assessed whether exposure to a tone language benefits musical pitch processing among 3-5-year-old children. More specifically, we compared the pitch perception of Chinese children who spoke a tone language (i.e., Mandarin) with English-speaking American children. We found that Mandarin-speaking children were more advanced at pitch processing than English-speaking children but both groups performed similarly on a control music task (timbre discrimination)...
January 16, 2017: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092945/nicotine-metabolism-and-smoking-ethnic-differences-in-the-role-of-p450-2a6
#4
Sharon E Murphy
Nicotine is the primary addictive agent in tobacco, and P450 2A6 (gene name: CYP2A6) is the primary catalyst of nicotine metabolism. It was proposed more than 20 years ago that individuals who metabolize nicotine poorly would smoke less, either fewer cigarettes per day or less intensely per cigarette, compared to smokers who metabolize nicotine more efficiently. These poor metabolizers would then be less likely to develop lung cancer due to their lower exposure to the many carcinogens delivered with nicotine in each puff of smoke...
January 17, 2017: Chemical Research in Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090401/insights-in-public-health-challenges-investigating-health-outcomes-in-chinese-americans-using-population-based-survey-data
#5
Michelle Tong, Tetine Sentell
Chinese Americans constitute the largest percentage of Asian Americans. In Hawai'i, Chinese Americans make up approximately 4.7% of the total state population. Accurately assessing health disparities across specific Asian American subgroups is critically important to health research and policy, as there is often substantial variability in risk and outcomes. However, even for Chinese Americans, the largest of the Asian American subgroups, such analyses can present challenges in population-based surveys. This article considers these challenges generally and then specifically in terms of the issue of health literacy and heart disease in Chinese Americans using existing population-based survey data sets in the United States, California, and Hawai'i...
January 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070790/brief-report-mealtime-behaviors-of-chinese-american-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#6
Heewon Lee Gray, Hsu-Min Chiang
This study investigated mealtime behaviors of Chinese-American children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Thirty-one parents of Chinese-American children with ASD participated in this study and the Brief Autism Mealtime Behavior Inventory (BAMBI) was used. The top problematic mealtime behaviors reported by parents were prefers "crunchy" food (54.2%); not willing to try new foods (48%); and does not remain seated at the table until the meal is finished (46%). This study found that the majority of the Chinese-American children with ASD seldom or never were aggressive (96%) or disruptive during mealtimes (92...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065684/ighmbp2-related-clinical-and-genetic-features-in-a-cohort-of-chinese-charcot-marie-tooth-disease-type-2-patients
#7
Lei Liu, Xiaobo Li, Zhengmao Hu, Xiao Mao, Xiaohong Zi, Kun Xia, Beisha Tang, Ruxu Zhang
IGHMBP2 mutations had been exclusively associated with spinal muscular atrophy with respiratory distress type I. However, increasing AR-CMT2S cases without respiratory failure caused by IGHMBP2 mutations have been reported in the past two years. We detected IGHMBP2 mutations in a cohort of Chinese CMT2 patients using genes panel testing, polymerase chain reaction and Sanger sequencing. We found four families with autosomal recessive IGHMBP2 mutations, and the frequency of IGHMBP2 mutations is 6.5% in CMT2 without dominant inheritance...
November 18, 2016: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063670/alarming-trends-in-ideal-cardiovascular-health-among-children-and-adolescents-in-beijing-china-2004-to-2014
#8
Hongbo Dong, Yinkun Yan, Junting Liu, Xiaoyuan Zhao, Hong Cheng, Dongqing Hou, Guimin Huang, Shengxu Li, Youfa Wang, Jie Mi
BACKGROUND: The American Heart Association's 2020 Strategic Goals have defined a new concept of cardiovascular health for adults and children, emphasizing the importance of primordial prevention of cardiovascular diseases. However, detailed data on the trends of ideal cardiovascular health in Chinese children and adolescents are sparse. METHODS: A total of 5596 children and adolescents (aged 6-18years) were selected from two cross-sectional surveys conducted in 2004 and 2014, respectively...
December 21, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060784/differences-in-clinical-pain-and-experimental-pain-sensitivity-between-asian-americans-and-whites-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#9
Hyochol Ahn, Michael Weaver, Debra E Lyon, Junglyun Kim, Eunyoung Choi, Roland Staud, Roger B Fillingim
OBJECTIVE: Ethnicity has been associated with clinical and experimental pain responses. Whereas ethnic disparities in pain in other minority groups compared with whites are well described, pain in Asian Americans remains poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to characterize differences in clinical pain intensity and experimental pain sensitivity among older Asian American and non-Hispanic white (NHW) participants with knee osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: Data were collected from 50 Asian Americans ages 45 to 85 (28 Korean, 9 Chinese, 7 Japanese, 5 Filipino, and 1 Indian) and compared with 50 age-matched and sex-matched NHW individuals with symptomatic knee OA pain...
February 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058203/do-recommendations-by-healthcare-providers-family-members-friends-and-individual-self-efficacy-increase-uptake-of-hepatitis-b-screening-results-of-a-population-based-study-of-asian-americans
#10
Xiaoxiao Lu, Hee-Soon Juon, Sunmin Lee
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection disproportionately affects Asian Americans but HBV screening rates among Asian American are substantially low. This study examines the impact of multiple recommendations and self-efficacy on HBV screening uptake among Asian Americans. METHODS: Data for this study were from 872 Chinese, Korean and Vietnamese recruited for a liver cancer prevention program in the Washington D.C - Baltimore metropolitan area. RESULTS: 410 (47%) respondents reported previous HBV screening...
2017: International Journal of MCH and AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050678/perception-of-child-weight-and-feeding-styles-in-parents-of-chinese-american-preschoolers
#11
Lucy Y Chang, Alan L Mendelsohn, Arthur H Fierman, Loretta Y Au, Mary Jo Messito
Parent perception of weight and feeding styles are associated with obesity in other racial groups but have not been explored in-depth in Chinese-American preschoolers. Cross-sectional survey of 253 Chinese-American parents with preschoolers was performed in a community clinic. Regression analysis was used to assess relationships between parental perception of weight and feeding styles. Parent under-perception of weight was common but more likely in boys than girls (χ(2) = 4.91, p = 0.03). Pressuring was also greater in boys [adjusted mean difference (95% CI) 0...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045310/neural-systems-for-reflected-and-direct-self-appraisals-in-chinese-young-adults-exploring-the-role-of-the-temporal-parietal-junction
#12
Jennifer H Pfeifer, Caitlin E V Mahy, Junaid S Merchant, Chunhui Chen, Carrie L Masten, Andrew J Fuligni, Matthew D Lieberman, Jared Lessard, Qi Dong, Chuansheng Chen
OBJECTIVES: Although cortical midline structures (CMS) are the most commonly identified neural foundations of self-appraisals, research is beginning to implicate the temporal-parietal junction (TPJ) in more interdependent self-construals. The goal of this study was to extend this research in an understudied population by (a) examining both direct (first-person) and reflected (third-person) self-appraisals across 2 domains (social and academics), and (b) exploring individual differences in recruitment of the TPJ during reflected self-appraisals...
January 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045309/cultural-differences-and-similarities-in-beliefs-practices-and-neural-mechanisms-of-emotion-regulation
#13
Yang Qu, Eva H Telzer
OBJECTIVE: The current research examined whether culture shapes the beliefs, practices, and neural basis of emotion regulation. METHOD: Twenty-nine American and Chinese participants reported their implicit theory of emotion and frequency of reappraisal use. They also underwent an fMRI scan while completing an emotion regulation task. RESULTS: Chinese (vs. American) participants reported more frequent use of reappraisal, which was mediated by their higher incremental theory of emotion (i...
January 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043937/efficacy-and-safety-of-duloxetine-in-chinese-patients-with-chronic-pain-due-to-osteoarthritis-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#14
Guochun Wang, LiQi Bi, Xiangpei Li, Zhijun Li, Dongbao Zhao, Jinwei Chen, Dongyi He, Chia-Ning Wang, Héctor Dueñas, Vladimir Skljarevski, Li Yue
OBJECTIVE: We assessed the efficacy and safety of duloxetine (60 mg, once daily), compared with placebo, during a 13-week treatment period in Chinese patients with chronic pain due to osteoarthritis (OA). DESIGN: Patients were at least 40 years old (male or female) who met American College of Rheumatology clinical and radiographic criteria for the diagnosis of OA of the knee or hip. The primary efficacy measure in this phase 3, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial was assessment of pain severity by the Brief Pain Inventory (BPI) 24-hour Average Pain rating...
December 30, 2016: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034659/toxins-and-pharmacologically-active-compounds-from-species-of-the-family-bufonidae-amphibia-anura
#15
REVIEW
Candelario Rodríguez, Louise Rollins-Smith, Roberto Ibáñez, Armando A Durant-Archibold, Marcelino Gutiérrez
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Among amphibians, 15 of the 47 species reported to be used in traditional medicines belong to the family Bufonidae, which demonstrates their potential in pharmacological and natural products research. For example, Asian and American tribes use the skin and the parotoid gland secretions of some common toads in the treatment of hemorrhages, bites and stings from venomous animals, skin and stomach disorders, as well as several types of cancers. OVERARCHING OBJECTIVE: In addition to reviewing the occurrence of chemical constituents present in the family Bufonidae, the cytotoxic and biomedical potential of the active compounds produced by different taxa are presented...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029269/vaginal-birth-after-caesarean-delivery-in-chinese-women-and-western-immigrants-in-shanghai
#16
Anne-Frederique Minsart, Hau Liu, Shannon Moffett, Crystal Chen, Ninni Ji
Recent studies show a steep rise in caesarean sections in China. Most couples are now eligible to apply for a second child. This retrospective cohort study compares the prevalence of trial of labour and vaginal birth after caesarean section among Chinese and foreign women in Shanghai. In total, 135 of 368 women underwent trial of labour (36.68%), and of those, 77 (57.04%) had a vaginal birth. After inclusion in a multivariate model, factors associated with trial of labour were maternal age <35 years with an adjusted odds ratio of 2...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028662/self-addressed-questions-and-filled-pauses-a-cross-linguistic-investigation
#17
Ye Tian, Takehiko Maruyama, Jonathan Ginzburg
There is an ongoing debate whether phenomena of disfluency (such as filled pauses) are produced communicatively. Clark and Fox Tree (Cognition 84(1):73-111, 2002) propose that filled pauses are words, and that different forms signal different lengths of delay. This paper evaluates this Filler-As-Words hypothesis by analyzing the distribution of self-addressed-questions or SAQs (such as "what's the word") in relation to filled pauses. We found that SAQs address different problems in different languages (most frequently about memory-retrieval in English and Chinese, and about appropriateness in Japanese)...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027858/culture-and-diet-among-chinese-american-children-aged-9-13%C3%A2-years-a-qualitative-study
#18
Cassandra S Diep, Randall Leung, Debbe I Thompson, Beverly J Gor, Tom Baranowski
OBJECTIVE: To examine Chinese American children's behaviors, food preferences, and cultural influences on their diet. DESIGN: Qualitative individual interviews using constructs from the proposed model of dietary acculturation. SETTING: Community centers and Chinese schools in Houston, TX. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-five Chinese American children aged 9-13 years. PHENOMENON OF INTEREST: Diet, favorite restaurants, and parents' cooking and grocery shopping habits...
December 24, 2016: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012420/measuring-social-skills-of-children-and-adolescents-in-a-chinese-population-preliminary-evidence-on-the-reliability-and-validity-of-the-translated-chinese-version-of-the-social-skills-improvement-system-rating-scales-ssis-rs-c
#19
REVIEW
Phoebe P P Cheung, Andrew M H Siu, Ted Brown
The Social Skills Improvement System-Rating Scales (SSIS-RS; Gresham & Elliott, 2008) are designed to assist in the screening and classification of students (aged 5-18 years) who are suspected of presenting with social skills deficits and to offer guidelines in the development of interventions to remediate those types of problems. The objective of this study is to examine the preliminary reliability and validity of the translated Chinese version of the SSIS-RS, referred to as the SSIS-RS-C. In this study, parent-reported social skills and problem behaviors among students with typical development (n=79) were compared with those of age- and gender-matched students with a known developmental disability (n=79) using the SSIS-RS-C...
December 21, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007219/putative-origins-of-the-fungus-leptographium-procerum
#20
Stephen J Taerum, Thierry B Hoareau, Tuan A Duong, Z Wilhelm de Beer, Robert Jankowiak, Michael J Wingfield
Appropriate management of invasive fungi requires adequate understanding of their global diversities and movement histories. The fungus Leptographium procerum is associated with root-colonizing forest insects in pine forests throughout the world, and may have contributed to the aggressive behaviour of the red turpentine beetle (Dendroctonus valens) in the beetle's invasive range in China. We used microsatellites and mating type loci to investigate the global diversity of L. procerum and the source population of L...
January 2017: Fungal Biology
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