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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929658/-study-on-uplc-fingerprint-of-red-ginseng-based-on-good-separation-and-good-purity-of-chromatographic-peaks
#1
Wei-Hong Feng, Chun Li, Li-Na Ji, Li-Xin Yang, Li-Xin Rong, Liang-Mian Chen, Hong Yi, Zhi-Min Wang
This study is to establish the UPLC fingerprint of red ginseng. The separation was performed on a Waters Acquity BEH C₁₈ column (2.1 mm × 50 mm,1.7 μm), with the mobile phase consisting of acetonitrile and water for gradient elution. The detection wavelength was set at 203 nm. The UPLC fingerprint of red ginseng was established by using sample chromatography of 22 different purchase areas and 26 common peaks were found. Compared with the reference substances, 11 of the common peaks were identified as ginsenosides Rg₁, ginsenoside Re, ginsenoside Rf, ginsenoside Rh₁, ginsenoside Rg₂, ginsenoside Rb₁, 20(S)-ginsenoside F₁, ginsenoside Rb₂, ginsenoside Rb3, 20(S)-ginsenoside Rg₃ and 20(R)-ginsenoside Rg₃, respectively...
October 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919922/anti-tumor-effects-of-the-american-cockroach-periplaneta-americana
#2
REVIEW
Yanan Zhao, Ailin Yang, Pengfei Tu, Zhongdong Hu
Since the incidence of cancer has been on the rise due to increasing exposure to various carcinogenic factors in recent years, cancer has gradually become the first killer to the health of human beings. A growing attention has been paid to anti-cancer effects of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) with low toxicity and good efficacy. As a kind of TCM, Periplaneta americana (P. americana) has a good effect on clinical application, and its anti-tumor effects has been increasingly well studied. In this review, the research progress on the anti-tumor effects of P...
2017: Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917505/association-of-self-reported-discrimination-and-suicide-ideation-in-older-chinese-americans
#3
Lydia W Li, Gilbert C Gee, XinQi Dong
OBJECTIVE: This study examines racial discrimination as a potential novel risk factor for suicide ideation among older Chinese Americans. DESIGN: In a cross-sectional analysis, this study drew on data collected in the Population-based Study of Chinese Elderly in Chicago on Chinese older adults age 60 + in the Greater Chicago area (N = 3,157). Thirty-day suicide ideation was a dichotomous variable, derived from items of the Physical Health Questionnaire and the Geriatric Mental State Examination-Version A...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916917/update-on-chinese-american-childhood-obesity-prevalence-in-new-york-city
#4
Loretta Au, Jennifer D Lau, Eda Chao, Raymond Tse, Laminasti Elbaar
Prevalence of overweight and obesity was measured in 12,275 Chinese American children and adolescents, ages 2-19, who were patients at a large federally qualified health center in 2015. Demographic characteristics sex, age, and birthplace were further stratified to explore disaggregated prevalence. Comparison of this 2015 cohort to an ethnically similar study cohort from the same health center in 2004 showed that the overall prevalence in overweight and obesity dropped to 21% from previously recorded 24%. US Born school-aged males continue to have the highest prevalence of overweight and obesity at 36%...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915922/recent-urbanization-in-china-is-correlated-with-a-westernized-microbiome-encoding-increased-virulence-and-antibiotic-resistance-genes
#5
Kathryn Winglee, Annie Green Howard, Wei Sha, Raad Z Gharaibeh, Jiawu Liu, Donghui Jin, Anthony A Fodor, Penny Gordon-Larsen
BACKGROUND: Urbanization is associated with an increased risk for a number of diseases, including obesity, diabetes, and cancer, which all also show associations with the microbiome. While microbial community composition has been shown to vary across continents and in traditional versus Westernized societies, few studies have examined urban-rural differences in neighboring communities within a single country undergoing rapid urbanization. In this study, we compared the gut microbiome, plasma metabolome, dietary habits, and health biomarkers of rural and urban people from a single Chinese province...
September 15, 2017: Microbiome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914495/acculturation-based-family-conflict-a-validation-of-asian-american-family-conflict-scale-among-chinese-americans
#6
Shiyou Wu, Xiafei Wang, Qi Wu, Fuhua Zhai, Qin Gao
Acculturation-based family conflicts can influence parent-child relationships and children's development among immigrant families. The Asian American Family Conflict Scale (AAFCS) was developed to measure conflicting practices and values between parents and children in the context of acculturation. Given that considerable cultural and institutional changes have taken place in original countries for the Chinese immigrant population, it is important to investigate whether the factor structure of the AAFCS is appropriate for measuring the attitudes and practices of acculturation among the current Chinese immigrant population...
September 15, 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913713/ethnic-groups-differ-in-how-poor-self-rated-mental-health-reflects-psychiatric-disorders
#7
Shervin Assari
AIM: This study aimed to explore cross-ethnic variation in the pattern of the associations between psychiatric disorders and self-rated mental health (SRMH) in the USA. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used data from the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys (CPES), 2001-2003, a national household probability sample. The study enrolled 18,237 individuals who were either Non-Hispanic White (n = 7587), African American (n = 4746), Mexican (n = 1442), Cuban (n = 577), Puerto Rican (n = 495), Other Hispanic (n = 1106), Vietnamese (n = 520), Filipino (n = 508), Chinese (n = 600) or Other Asian (n = 656)...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910578/subjective-well-being-in-older-chinese-and-korean-immigrants-in-the-united-states-effects-of-self-rated-health-and-employment-status
#8
Bum Jung Kim, Hyeyoun Jun, Jisun Lee, Kristen Linton, Meehye Kim, Colette Browne
This study examined the effects of association between self-rated health and employment status on subjective well-being among older Chinese and Korean immigrants in the United States. Data were collected from 171 Chinese and 205 Korean older adult immigrants living in Los Angeles County. The primary variables included demographic data, subjective index of well-being, self-rated health, and employment status. Data support the association between self-rated health and subjective well-being for both groups. Employment, education, and age were associated with the level of subjective well-being only for older Korean immigrants...
September 14, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910380/validation-of-the-diabetes-screening-tools-proposed-by-the-american-diabetes-association-in-an-aging-chinese-population
#9
Yu Cho Woo, Chi Ho Lee, Carol H Y Fong, Annette W K Tso, Bernard M Y Cheung, Karen S L Lam
AIM: Diabetes is a serious global health problem. A simple and effective screening tool should have substantial public health benefit. We investigated the performance of the latest American Diabetes Association diabetes screening methods in our aging Chinese population. METHODS: Subjects without diabetes who returned for the 4th Hong Kong Cardiovascular Risk Factors Prevalence Study in 2010-2012 were evaluated for the probability of having diabetes with reference to the age- and body mass index-based screening criteria (screening criteria) and the diabetes risk test (risk test), and the conclusion drawn was compared to their measured glycaemic status...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903413/a-novel-heterozygous-germline-deletion-in-msh2-gene-in-a-five-generation-chinese-family-with-lynch-syndrome
#10
Bin Wu, Wuyang Ji, Shengran Liang, Chao Ling, Yan You, Lai Xu, Min-Er Zhong, Yi Xiao, Hui-Zhong Qiu, Jun-Yang Lu, Santasree Banerjee
Lynch syndrome (LS) is one of the most common familial forms of colorectal cancer predisposing syndrome with an autosomal dominant mode of inheritance. LS is caused by the germline mutations in DNA mismatch repair (MMR) genes including MSH2, MLH1, MSH6 and PMS2. Clinically, LS is characterized by high incidence of early-onset colorectal cancer as well as endometrial, small intestinal and urinary tract cancers, usually occur in the third to fourth decade of the life. Here we describe a five generation Chinese family with LS clinically diagnosed according to the Amsterdam II criteria...
August 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885123/thirty-day-inpatient-readmissions-for-asian-american-and-pacific-islander-subgroups-compared-with-whites
#11
Tetine Sentell, Hyeong Jun Ahn, Jill Miyamura, Deborah A Taira
Asian and Pacific Islander (API) 30-day potentially preventable readmissions (PPRs) are understudied. Hawaii Health Information Corporation data from 2007-2012 statewide adult hospitalizations ( N = 495,910) were used to compare API subgroup and White PPRs. Eight percent of hospitalizations were PPRs. Seventy-two percent of other Pacific Islanders, 60% of Native Hawaiians, and 52% of Whites with a PPR were 18 to 64 years, compared with 22% of Chinese and 21% of Japanese. In multivariable models including payer, hospital, discharge year, residence location, and comorbidity, PPR disparities existed for some API subpopulations 65+ years, including Native Hawaiian men (odds ratio [OR] = 1...
November 1, 2016: Medical Care Research and Review: MCRR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884191/the-appearance-and-diversification-of-receptors-for-igm-during-vertebrate-evolution
#12
Srinivas Akula, Lars Hellman
Three different receptors that interact with the constant domains of IgM have been identified: the polymeric immunoglobulin (Ig) receptor (PIGR), the dual receptor for IgA/IgM (FcαµR) and the IgM receptor (FcµR). All of them are related in structure and located in the same chromosomal region in mammals. The functions of the PIGRs are to transport IgM and IgA into the intestinal lumen and to saliva and tears, whereas the FcαµRs enhance uptake of immune complexes and antibody coated bacteria and viruses by B220+ B cells and phagocytes, as well as dampening the Ig response to thymus-independent antigens...
September 8, 2017: Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880954/first-interspecific-genetic-linkage-map-for-castanea-sativa-x-castanea-crenata-revealed-qtls-for-resistance-to-phytophthora-cinnamomi
#13
Carmen Santos, Charles Dana Nelson, Tetyana Zhebentyayeva, Helena Machado, José Gomes-Laranjo, Rita Lourenço Costa
The Japanese chestnut (Castanea crenata) carries resistance to Phytophthora cinnamomi, the destructive and widespread oomycete causing ink disease. The European chestnut (Castanea sativa), carrying little to no disease resistance, is currently threatened by the presence of the oomycete pathogen in forests, orchards and nurseries. Determining the genetic basis of P. cinnamomi resistance, for further selection of molecular markers and candidate genes, is a prominent issue for implementation of marker assisted selection in the breeding programs for resistance...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871232/fear-anger-and-risk-preference-reversals-an-experimental-study-on-a-chinese-sample
#14
Shengxiang She, Iveta Eimontaite, Dangli Zhang, Yan Sun
Fear and anger are basic emotions of the same valence which differ in terms of their certainty and control dimensions according to the Appraisal Tendency Framework, a theory addressing the relationship between specific emotions, and judgments and choices. Past research based on the Appraisal Theory revealed contradictory results for risky choice decision-making. However, these conclusions were drawn from Western samples (e.g., North American). Considering potential cultural differences, the present study aims to investigate whether the Appraisal Tendency hypothesis yields the same results in a Chinese sample...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871152/genome-wide-association-study-of-blood-pressure-traits-by-hispanic-latino-background-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos
#15
Tamar Sofer, Quenna Wong, Fernando P Hartwig, Kent Taylor, Helen R Warren, Evangelos Evangelou, Claudia P Cabrera, Daniel Levy, Holly Kramer, Leslie A Lange, Bernardo L Horta, Kathleen F Kerr, Alex P Reiner, Nora Franceschini
Hypertension prevalence varies between ethnic groups, possibly due to differences in genetic, environmental, and cultural determinants. Hispanic/Latino Americans are a diverse and understudied population. We performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of blood pressure (BP) traits in 12,278 participants from the Hispanics Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL). In the discovery phase we identified eight previously unreported BP loci. In the replication stage, we tested these loci in the 1982 Pelotas Birth Cohort Study of admixed Southern Brazilians, the COGENT-BP study of African descent, women of European descent from the Women Health Initiative (WHI), and a sample of European descent from the UK Biobank...
September 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870177/will-chinese-external-therapy-with-compound-tripterygium-wilfordii-hook-f-gel-safely-control-disease-activity-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-design-of-a-double-blinded-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Quan Jiang, Xiao-Po Tang, Xian-Chun Chen, Hong Xiao, Ping Liu, Juan Jiao
BACKGROUND: Chinese external therapy (CET) is a topical application with mainly Chinese herb medicine therapy with thousands of years of historical implications and is a clinical routine that is commonly used for relieving joint-related symptoms in patients with arthritis in Chinese hospitals. However, there is a paucity of modern medical evidence to support its effectiveness and safety. Thus, we propose to implement a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled clinical trial in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) using, as the experimental intervention, topical application of a hospital-compounded gel preparation of Tripterygium wilfordii Hook F (TwHF)...
September 5, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867359/novel-heterozygous-notch3-pathogenic-variant-found-in-two-chinese-patients-with-cadasil
#17
Shufeng Li, Yifan Chen, Haitao Shan, Fang Ma, Minke Shi, Jun Xue
NOTCH3 mutations have been described to cause cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL). Here, we report 2 CADASIL patients from a Chinese family. Whole genome sequencing was performed on the two CADASIL patients. The novel variant c.128G>C in exon 2 of NOTCH3 was identified and confirmed through PCR-Sanger sequencing (Human Genome Variation Society nomenclature: HGVS: NOTCH3 c.128G>C; p.Cys43Ser). The heterozygous NOTCH3 variant cause a cysteine to serine substitution at codon 43...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865103/the-worldwide-diversity-of-scalp-seborrhoea-as-daily-experienced-by-seven-human-ethnic-groups
#18
Florence Pouradier, Chen Liu, John Wares, Emilie Yokoyama, Catherine Collaudin, Ségolène Panhard, Didier Saint-Léger, Geneviève Loussouarn
OBJECTIVE: The re-greasing process and kinetics of the human scalp, post shampooing, has been previously documented, in vivo, on a few Caucasian subjects. The objective of the presented research is to extend such knowledge over 7 different ethnic groups. METHODS: The post shampooing re-greasing kinetics of the scalp was studied on 1325 subjects (women and men of two distinct age classes) from 7 different ethnic groups in their residential and native country. Sebum amounts were determined onto small shaved scalp areas at various times post shampooing, using the Sebumeter(®) technique...
September 2, 2017: International Journal of Cosmetic Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863044/changing-patterns-of-foreigner-transplants-in-korea-and-overseas-organ-transplants-among-koreans
#19
Hyung Joon Ahn, Hwi Won Kim, Miyeun Han, Hee Jung Jeon, Oh Jung Kwon, Curie Ahn
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to estimate the numbers of foreign patients seeking organ transplantation (OT) in Korea, and to examine the relationship between the trend of deceased donors in Korea and number of Korean patients seeking OT overseas since 2000. METHODS: Data on foreigners who received a transplant in Korea were obtained from the Korean Network for Organ Sharing. Data on overseas transplants were obtained from 42 transplant centers surveyed through transplant coordinators...
August 31, 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860662/analyses-of-mitogenome-sequences-revealed-that-asian-citrus-psyllids-diaphorina-citri-from-california-were-related-to-those-from-florida
#20
Fengnian Wu, Luci Kumagai, Yijing Cen, Jianchi Chen, Christopher M Wallis, MaryLou Polek, Hongyan Jiang, Zheng Zheng, Guangwen Liang, Xiaoling Deng
Asian citrus psyllid (ACP, Diaphorina citri Kuwayama) transmits "Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus" (CLas), an unculturable alpha-proteobacterium associated with citrus Huanglongbing (HLB). CLas has recently been found in California. Understanding ACP population diversity is necessary for HLB regulatory practices aimed at reducing CLas spread. In this study, two circular ACP mitogenome sequences from California (mt-CApsy, ~15,027 bp) and Florida (mt-FLpsy, ~15,012 bp), USA, were acquired. Each mitogenome contained 13 protein coding genes, 2 ribosomal RNA and 22 transfer RNA genes, and a control region varying in sizes...
August 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
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