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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545078/the-analysis-of-corneal-asphericity-q-value-and-its-related-factors-of-1-683-chinese-eyes-older-than-30-years
#1
Ying Xiong, Jing Li, Ningli Wang, Xue Liu, Zhao Wang, Frank F Tsai, Xiuhua Wan
PURPOSE: To determine corneal Q value and its related factors in Chinese subjects older than 30 years. DESIGN: Cross sectional study. METHODS: 1,683 participants (1,683 eyes) from the Handan Eye Study were involved, including 955 female and 728 male with average age of 53.64 years old (range from 30 to 107 years). The corneal Q values of anterior and posterior surfaces were measured at 3.0, 5.0 and 7.0mm aperture diameters using Bausch & Lomb Orbscan IIz (software version 3...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542551/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-chinese-version-of-the-revised-american-pain-society-patient-outcome-questionnaire-concerning-pain-management-in-chinese-orthopedic-patients
#2
Huan Fang, Jingjuan Liang, Zhen Hong, Kenji Sugiyama, Takao Nozaki, Susumu Kobayashi, Tetsuro Sameshima, Hiroki Namba, Tetsuya Asakawa
The present study tested the clinical efficiency (item grouping, internal consistency of the subscales, construct validity, and clinical feasibility) of a widely used pain assessment system, the Mandarin version of the American Pain Society Patient Outcome Questionnaire (APS-POQ-R-C), in Chinese patients. We also attempted to investigate the current quality of pain management provided in orthopedic inpatient units in China and provide baseline data. First, we investigated the test-retest reliability of APS-POQ-R-C...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541817/gendered-cultural-identities-the-influences-of-family-and-privacy-boundaries-subjective-norms-and-stigma-beliefs-on-family-health-history-communication
#3
Soo Jung Hong
This study investigates the effects of cultural norms on family health history (FHH) communication in the American, Chinese, and Korean cultures. More particularly, this study focuses on perceived family boundaries, subjective norms, stigma beliefs, and privacy boundaries, including age and gender, that affect people's FHH communication. For data analyses, hierarchical multiple regression and logistic regression methods were employed. The results indicate that participants' subjective norms, stigma beliefs, and perceived family/privacy boundaries were positively associated with current FHH communication...
May 25, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539728/anti-quorum-sensing-activity-of-forsythia-suspense-on-chromobacterium-violaceum-and-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#4
An Zhang, Wei-Hua Chu
BACKGROUND: Quorum sensing (QS) plays an important role in the production of virulence factors and pathogenicity in Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and the interruption of QS will be a hopeful pathway to combat bacterial infection. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we selected Forsythia suspense (Thunb.) Vahl from traditional Chinese herbal medicines for its anti-QS activity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Anti-QS of F. suspense extracts (FSE) was monitored using the Chromobacterium violaceum 12472 bioassay...
April 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534648/lowered-circulating-apelin-is-significantly-associated-with-an-increased-risk-for-hypertension-a-meta-analysis
#5
Hong Xie, Gaoqing Luo, Yong Zheng, Dan Hu, Feng Peng, Liangdi Xie
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Apelin is a bioactive peptide manifesting a potent vasodilatory property. In this meta-analysis, we aimed to investigate for the first time whether circulating apelin differed significantly between hypertensive patients and normotensive controls. METHODS: Both PubMed and Embase were searched for eligible articles. Eligibility evaluation and data collection were done independently by two investigators. Weighted mean difference (WMD) with 95% confidence interval (CI) was calculated under random-effects model by STATA...
May 23, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530408/authentication-markers-for-five-major-panax-species-developed-via-comparative-analysis-of-complete-chloroplast-genome-sequences
#6
Van Binh Nguyen, Hyun-Seung Park, Sang-Choon Lee, Junki Lee, Jee Young Park, Tae-Jin Yang
Ginseng represents a set of high-value medicinal plants of different species: Panax ginseng (Asian ginseng), P. quinquefolius (American ginseng), P. notoginseng (Chinese ginseng), P. japonicus (Bamboo ginseng), and P. vietnamensis (Vietnamese ginseng). Each species is pharmacologically and economically important, with differences in efficacy and price. Accordingly, an authentication system is needed to combat economically motivated adulteration of Panax products. We conducted comparative analysis of the chloroplast genome sequences of these five species, identifying 34-124 indels and 141-560 SNPs...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529606/comparison-of-prognostic-nomograms-based-on-different-nodal-staging-systems-in-patients-with-resected-gastric-cancer
#7
Zi-Xian Wang, Miao-Zhen Qiu, Yu-Ming Jiang, Zhi-Wei Zhou, Guo-Xin Li, Rui-Hua Xu
Purpose: Previous studies addressing the optimal nodal staging system in patients with resected gastric cancer have shown inconsistent results, and the optimal system for development of prognostic nomograms remains unclear. In this study, we compared prognostic nomograms based on the metastatic lymph node (MLN) count, lymph node ratio (LNR), and log odds of metastatic lymph nodes (LODDS) to predict the 5-year overall survival in patients with resected gastric cancer. Methods: We analysed 15,320 patients with resected gastric cancer in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database between 1988 and 2010...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528875/comparison-of-central-and-peripheral-hemodynamics-in-association-with-left-ventricular-diastolic-dysfunction-in-the-community-based-elderly-chinese
#8
Jing Xiong, Xuejing Yu, Shikai Yu, Bin Bai, Henry Xu, Hongwei Ji, Jiadela Teliewubai, Kai Wang, Chen Chi, Yuyan Lu, Yiwu Zhou, Ximin Fan, Jue Li, Yi Zhang, Yawei Xu
The aim of the study was to investigate the association of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (LVDD) with central and peripheral hemodynamics. A total of 1599 community-based senior residents (aged ≥ 65 years) in northern Shanghai, China, were recruited as of August 2015. Echocardiography was performed for each participant using the MyLab30 Gold CV system. According to the recommendations from the American Society of Echocardiography, the ratio of E (peak early diastolic transmitral flow velocity) to E' (early diastolic lateral mitral annulus velocity) was assessed for the evaluation of LVDD...
April 27, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527789/neural-processes-underlying-cultural-differences-in-cognitive-persistence
#9
Eva H Telzer, Yang Qu, Lynda C Lin
Self-improvement motivation, which occurs when individuals seek to improve upon their competence by gaining new knowledge and improving upon their skills, is critical for cognitive, social, and educational adjustment. While many studies have delineated the neural mechanisms supporting extrinsic motivation induced by monetary rewards, less work has examined the neural processes that support intrinsically motivated behaviors, such as self-improvement motivation. Because cultural groups traditionally vary in terms of their self-improvement motivation, we examined cultural differences in the behavioral and neural processes underlying motivated behaviors during cognitive persistence in the absence of extrinsic rewards...
May 17, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521775/genome-wide-association-study-of-subclinical-interstitial-lung-disease-in-mesa
#10
Ani Manichaikul, Xin-Qun Wang, Li Sun, Josée Dupuis, Alain C Borczuk, Jennifer N Nguyen, Ganesh Raghu, Eric A Hoffman, Suna Onengut-Gumuscu, Emily A Farber, Joel D Kaufman, Dan Rabinowitz, Karen D Hinckley Stukovsky, Steven M Kawut, Gary M Hunninghake, George R Washko, George T O'Connor, Stephen S Rich, R Graham Barr, David J Lederer
BACKGROUND: We conducted a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of subclinical interstitial lung disease (ILD), defined as high attenuation areas (HAA) on CT, in the population-based Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis Study. METHODS: We measured the percentage of high attenuation areas (HAA) in the lung fields on cardiac CT scan defined as voxels with CT attenuation values between -600 and -250 HU. Genetic analyses were performed in MESA combined across race/ethnic groups: non-Hispanic White (n = 2,434), African American (n = 2,470), Hispanic (n = 2,065) and Chinese (n = 702), as well as stratified by race/ethnicity...
May 18, 2017: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520882/ocular-determinants-of-refractive-error-and-its-age-and-sex-related-variations-in-the-chinese-american-eye-study
#11
Grace M Richter, Mingwu Wang, Xuejuan Jiang, Shuang Wu, Dandan Wang, Mina Torres, Farzana Choudhury, Rohit Varma
Importance: Uncorrected refractive error (RE) is a leading cause of visual impairment, and variations in ocular anatomy determine RE. The unique ocular determinants of RE in Chinese American individuals have not been studied previously. Objective: To report ocular determinants of RE in a Chinese American population 50 years and older in Monterey Park, California. Design, Setting, and Participants: The Chinese American Eye Study, a population-based, cross-sectional study, was conducted from February 1, 2010, through October 31, 2013, in Monterey Park, with this particular data analysis performed from January 1 through December 31, 2016...
May 18, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511325/-feasibility-of-the-2014-european-guidelines-risk-prediction-model-for-sudden-cardiac-death-in-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-in-chinese-patients
#12
S H Zhu, Y Li, W Huang, H Jiang, S N Li, L Chen, S Huang, H S Yu, B Xu
Objective: Exploring the feasibility of the 2014 European Society of Cardiology(ESC)guideline's risk prediction model for sudden cardiac death in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM Risk-SCD) in Chinese patients. Methods: The study population consisted of a consecutive cohort of 172 Chinese patients with HCM without prior sudden cardiac death (SCD) event who were in patients in Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital from December 2010 to October 2015.The endpoint event was a composite of SCD and appropriate implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) therapy...
May 24, 2017: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505014/validation-of-a-smartphone-auscultatory-blood-pressure-kit-accutension-xyz-110-in-adults-according-to-the-ansi-aami-iso-81060-2-2013-standard
#13
Guang Chu, Zhi Zhang, Mengdan Xu, Daini Huang, Qiuyan Dai
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to validate the accuracy of the Accutension XYZ-110 blood pressure (BP) kit according to the American National Standards Institute/Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation/International Organization for Standardization (ANSI/AAMI/ISO) 81060-2:2013 standard. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) were measured simultaneously on the same arm in 85 Chinese adults (female : male=48 : 37) with a mean age of 43...
May 17, 2017: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500541/ambivalence-over-emotional-expression-intrusive-thoughts-and-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-among-chinese-american-breast-cancer-survivors
#14
Qian Lu, Nelson Yeung, Jenny Man, Matthew W Gallagher, Qiao Chu, Sidra H Deen
OBJECTIVE: Posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) are common among breast cancer survivors. However, the association and the underlying mediating mechanism between psychosocial factors and PTSS were rarely investigated among breast cancer survivors. Previous studies have suggested the importance of emotional expression in cancer survivors' PTSS. This study examined the association between ambivalence over emotional expression (AEE; defined as the conflict between the desire to express feelings and the fear of its consequences) and PTSS, and proposed intrusive thoughts as the mediators in such an association...
May 12, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500445/genetic-diversity-and-evolutionary-characteristics-of-type-2-porcine-reproductive-and-respiratory-syndrome-virus-in-southeastern-china-from-2009-to-2014
#15
Jiankui Liu, Xia Zhou, Junqiong Zhai, Bing Li, Chunhua Wei, Ailing Dai, Xiaoyan Yang, Manlin Luo
The objective of this study was to assess the genetic diversity of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus circulating in Fujian province (southeastern China). Based on 53 ORF5 nucleotide sequences collected from nine sites, both highly pathogenic (sublineage 8.7) and lineage 1 strains were circulating in Fujian in 2009-2014 along with lineages 3 and 5.1. Notably, the lineage 1 strains were closely related to the NADC30 strain circulating in North America and were the predominant strains in 2014...
May 12, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495490/further-evidence-for-the-association-between-lrp8-and-schizophrenia
#16
Xiao Xiao, Hao Yu, Jun Li, Lu Wang, Lingyi Li, Hong Chang, Dai Zhang, Weihua Yue, Ming Li
Previous studies (including genome-wide association study (GWAS) and candidate gene studies) have revealed the important roles of genetic risk factors in schizophrenia, and RELN has been identified as a risk gene for this illness. We recently found that the low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 8 (LRP8), a receptor of Reelin (the protein encoded by RELN), was significantly associated with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder in European populations. To further enhance our understanding of its role in the risk of psychiatric illnesses, we conducted meta-analyses of a higher density of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs, N=173) in LRP8 to understand their associations with schizophrenia in much larger samples (39,400 cases and 50,357 controls) from populations of European, Chinese and African American ancestries...
May 8, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495140/multiple-sclerosis-risk-pathways-differ-in-caucasian-and-chinese-populations
#17
Guiyou Liu, Fang Zhang, Yang Hu, Yongshuai Jiang, Zhongying Gong, Shoufeng Liu, Xiuju Chen, Qinghua Jiang, Junwei Hao
Large-scale genome-wide association study (GWAS) datasets provide strong support for investigations of the mechanisms underlying multiple sclerosis (MS) by using pathway analysis methods. In our recent study, we conducted a three-stage pathway analysis of GWAS and expression datasets. After identifying 15 shared MS pathways in separate MS GWAS datasets, we found that dysregulated MS genes were significantly enriched in 10 of the 15 MS risk pathways. Evidence showed that 17%-30% of genes are differentially expressed among individual ethnic populations...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Neuroimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494834/prediction-of-10-year-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-disease-risk-among-adults-aged-40-79-years-in-china-a-nationally-representative-survey
#18
Mei Zhang, Yong Jiang, Li Min Wang, Yi Chong Li, Zheng Jing Huang, Jian Hong Li, Mai Geng Zhou, Wen Hua Zhao
OBJECTIVE: To establish the distribution of 10-year atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk among Chinese adults. METHODS: We estimated the 10-year ASCVD risk by applying the 2013 American College of Cardiology/ American Heart Association pooled cohort equations (PCEs) to the data obtained from the 2010 China Chronic Disease and Risk Factor Surveillance that involved 61,541 participants (representing 520,158,652 Chinese adults) aged 40-79 years. We also compared the ASCVD risk with the 10-year ischemic cardiovascular disease (ICVD) risk, which was calculated using the simplified scoring tables recommended by the Chinese Guidelines for Prevention of Cardiovascular Diseases (Chinese model)...
April 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494495/mutations-in-lrp5-fzd4-tspan12-ndp-znf408-or-kif11-genes-account-for-38-7-of-chinese-patients-with-familial-exudative-vitreoretinopathy
#19
Feng-Qin Rao, Xue-Bi Cai, Fei-Fei Cheng, Wan Cheng, Xiao-Long Fang, Na Li, Xiu-Feng Huang, Li-Hong Li, Zi-Bing Jin
Purpose: Familial exudative vitreoretinopathy (FEVR) is a severe hereditary retinal disorder characterized by defects in retinal vascular development. To date, six genes have been reported to be responsible for this disease, including LRP5, FZD4, TSPAN12, NDP, ZNF408, and KIF11. The purpose of our study was to investigate the genetic defects in Chinese patients with FEVR through mutational analyses of 31 pedigrees. Methods: Clinical data and peripheral blood were collected from 31 pedigrees with FEVR...
May 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493814/obesity-and-modifiable-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-among-chinese-americans-in-new-york-city-2009-2012
#20
Simona C Kwon, Laura C Wyatt, Shijian Li, Nadia S Islam, Stella S Yi, Chau Trinh-Shevrin
We used the Racial and Ethnic Approaches to Community Health Across the US (REACH US) Risk Factor Survey from 2009 through 2012 to examine the association between body mass index (BMI, calculated as kg/m(2)) and 3 cardiovascular disease risk factors among Chinese Americans in New York City. We used traditional BMI cut points and cut points modified for the Asian population. Compared with normal/underweight Chinese American adults (BMI <23.0), obese Chinese American adults (BMI ≥27.5) had significantly higher odds of having each risk factor in fully adjusted logistic regression models: diabetes (odds ratio [OR], 4...
May 11, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
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