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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144960/cervical-cancer-screening-experiences-among-chinese-american-immigrant-women-in-the-united-states
#1
Jin Young Seo, Junxin Li, Kun Li
OBJECTIVE: To understand the experiences and perceptions of having cervical cancer screening tests and to explore the extant barriers to having the tests among first-generation Chinese American women in the United States. DESIGN: Qualitative, descriptive, phenomenological research. SETTING: Los Angeles, California. PARTICIPANTS: Snowball and purposive sampling of 12 Chinese American immigrant women ages 20 to 65 years...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144541/genetic-landscape-of-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-in-the-chinese-population
#2
Jialong Liang, Wanshi Cai, Dongdong Feng, Huajing Teng, Fengbiao Mao, Yi Jiang, Shanshan Hu, Xianfeng Li, Yujie Zhang, Baoguo Liu, Zhong Sheng Sun
Improvement in the clinical outcome of human cancers requires characterization of genetic alterations underlying their pathogenesis. Large-scale genomic and transcriptomic characterization of papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTCs) in Western populations has revealed multiple oncogenic drivers which are essential for understanding pathogenic mechanisms of this disease; while so far, the genetic landscape in Chinese patients with PTC remains uncharacterized. Here, we conducted a largescale genetic analysis of PTCs from patients in China to determine the mutational landscape of this cancer...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141665/matrix-metalloproteinase-3-and-the-7-joint-ultrasound-score-in-the-assessment-of-disease-activity-and-therapeutic-efficacy-in-patients-with-moderate-to-severe-rheumatoid-arthritis
#3
Ling Zhou, Geng Wang, Xin Liu, Jing Song, Ling Chen, Huji Xu
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the reliability and validity of serum matrix metalloproteinase-3 (MMP-3) levels and articular ultrasound (US) scores in assessing disease activity and therapeutic response in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. METHODS: A total of 151 RA patients were enrolled, of whom 22 were treated with certolizumab pegol (Cimzia, CZP). The RA patients were divided into the following four subgroups according to their disease activity score in 28 joints (DAS28): stable, mild activity, moderate activity, and high activity...
November 15, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139185/mental-health-literacy-a-cross-cultural-study-of-american-and-chinese-bachelor-of-nursing-students
#4
Wei Liu, Ya-Min Li, Ying Peng
INTRODUCTION: Nursing students in the US and China have reported inadequate preparedness for practice in mental health nursing. It is important to investigate nursing students' mental health literacy levels for a better understanding of their practice readiness in mental health field upon completion of their education. AIM: This study was aimed at developing an understanding of American and Chinese nursing students' mental health literacy regarding the effectiveness of specific interventions for managing depression and schizophrenia...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138994/molecular-characterization-and-recombination-analysis-of-porcine-reproductive-and-respiratory-syndrome-virus-emerged-in-southwestern-china-during-2012-2016
#5
Long Zhou, Runmin Kang, Gaosheng Ji, Yiming Tian, Mengyun Ge, Bo Xie, Xin Yang, Hongning Wang
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) is an important swine pathogen causing tremendous economic losses to the swine industry. To investigate the prevalence of PRRSV of genotype 2 (North American type, NA-type) in southwestern China, the Nsp2 hypervariable region (Nsp2 HV) and ORF5 of 61 PRRS viruses collected during 2012-2016 were sequenced and analyzed. All the virus detected clustered into the JXA1-like (52/61), VR-2332-like (7/61), and NADC30-like (2/61) sub-genotypes. Five deletions in Nsp2 HV were detected in addition to the typical 30aa discontinuous deletion in HP-PRRSV, and two of these five were not reported previously...
November 14, 2017: Virus Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137173/psychiatric-disorders-differently-correlate-with-physical-self-rated-health-across-ethnic-groups
#6
Shervin Assari
In this study, we compared 10 ethnic groups for associations between psychiatric disorders and physical self-rated health (SRH) in the United States. Data came from the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys (CPES), 2001-2003. The study included 7587 non-Latino White, 4746 African American, 1442 Mexican, 1106 other Hispanic, 656 other Asian, 600 Chinese, 577 Cuban, 520 Vietnamese, 508 Filipino, and 495 Puerto Rican individuals. The Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) was used to measure psychiatric disorders, including major depressive disorder (MDD), general anxiety disorder (GAD), social phobia, panic disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), alcohol abuse, and binge eating disorders...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Personalized Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136732/-prognosis-factors-for-the-perineal-incision-complications-after-abdominoperineal-resection-for-low-rectal-cancer
#7
S Luo, J W Liang, H T Zhou, W Pei, Z X Zhou, Q Liu, X S Wang
Objective: To evaluate the prognosis factors affecting perineal incision complications after abdominoperineal resection (APR) for the low rectal cancer. Methods: This was a retrospective analysis of 151 consecutive patients with low rectal cancer undergoing APR between January and December 2013 at Department of Colorectal Surgery, Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College. The patients were comprised of 95 males and 56 females. The mean age of the patients was (57...
November 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134581/the-pain-of-ambivalence-over-emotional-expression
#8
Carol Wang, Celia C Y Wong, Qian Lu
PURPOSE: Ambivalence over emotional expression (AEE) is defined as the desire to express emotion but failing to do so. Recent studies have revealed that AEE is associated with more pain. Pain is common among cancer survivors. This cross-sectional study investigated the association between AEE and pain, its underlying mechanism, and cultural relevance among cancer survivors. METHODS: Ninety-six Chinese American breast cancer survivors completed a questionnaire package assessing AEE and pain...
November 13, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131424/influences-of-age-ethnic-group-and-skin-sites-on-a-provisory-skin-marking-experimentally-induced-in-vivo
#9
F Flament, R Bazin
BACKGROUND: To study capacity of skin to being imprinted by a marking head rapidly applied (10 seconds) onto the skin under a standardized pressure (15 kPa). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Referential photographs of skin markings, resulting from different times of application serve at grading the extent of skin imprints. The imprinting tool, equipped with 5 linear bulbs of different sizes but same thickness (1 mm), was applied onto the cheeks of 641 women of different ages (18-80 years) of 3 different ethnic groups...
November 12, 2017: Skin Research and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121731/normal-findings-on-noninvasive-cardiac-assessment-and-the-prediction-of-heart-failure-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis-mesa
#10
Stephen T Broughton, Wesley T O'Neal, Mouaz Al-Mallah, David A Bluemke, Susan R Heckbert, Joao A C Lima, Elsayed Z Soliman
BACKGROUND: It is unknown if normal findings on noninvasive cardiac assessment are able to identify individuals who are low risk for developing heart failure (HF). METHODS: We examined if normal findings on the routine electrocardiogram (ECG) and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were able to identify individuals who are low risk for developing HF in 4986 (mean age=62±10years; 52% women; 39% White; 13% Chinese-American; 26% Black; 22% Hispanic) participants from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis who were free of clinically apparent HF at baseline...
December 15, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120399/a-microbiomic-analysis-in-african-americans-with-colonic-lesions-reveals-streptococcus-sp-vt162-as-a-marker-of-neoplastic-transformation
#11
Hassan Brim, Shibu Yooseph, Edward Lee, Zaki Sherif, Muneer Abbas, Adeyinka O Laiyemo, Sudhir Varma, Manolito Torralba, Scot E Dowd, Karen E Nelson, Wimal Pathmasiri, Susan Sumner, Willem de Vos, Qiaoyi Liang, Jun Yu, Erwin Zoetendal, Hassan Ashktorab
Increasing evidence suggests a role of the gut microbiota in colorectal carcinogenesis (CRC). To detect bacterial markers of colorectal cancer in African Americans a metabolomic analysis was performed on fecal water extracts. DNA from stool samples of adenoma and healthy subjects and from colon cancer and matched normal tissues was analyzed to determine the microbiota composition (using 16S rDNA) and genomic content (metagenomics). Metagenomic functions with discriminative power between healthy and neoplastic specimens were established...
November 9, 2017: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117327/maternal-colonization-with-group-b-streptococcus-and-serotype-distribution-worldwide-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses
#12
Neal J Russell, Anna C Seale, Megan O'Driscoll, Catherine O'Sullivan, Fiorella Bianchi-Jassir, Juan Gonzalez-Guarin, Joy E Lawn, Carol J Baker, Linda Bartlett, Clare Cutland, Michael G Gravett, Paul T Heath, Kirsty Le Doare, Shabir A Madhi, Craig E Rubens, Stephanie Schrag, Ajoke Sobanjo-Ter Meulen, Johan Vekemans, Samir K Saha, Margaret Ip
Background: Maternal rectovaginal colonization with group B Streptococcus (GBS) is the most common pathway for GBS disease in mother, fetus, and newborn. This article, the second in a series estimating the burden of GBS, aims to determine the prevalence and serotype distribution of GBS colonizing pregnant women worldwide. Methods: We conducted systematic literature reviews (PubMed/Medline, Embase, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature [LILACS], World Health Organization Library Information System [WHOLIS], and Scopus), organized Chinese language searches, and sought unpublished data from investigator groups...
November 6, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117273/coronary-artery-calcium-score-for-long-term-risk-classification-in-individuals-with-type-2-diabetes-and-metabolic-syndrome-from-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis
#13
Shaista Malik, Yanglu Zhao, Matthew Budoff, Khurram Nasir, Roger S Blumenthal, Alain G Bertoni, Nathan D Wong
Importance: Although the risk of type 2 diabetes is considered to be equivalent to coronary heart disease (CHD) risk, there is considerable heterogeneity among individuals for CHD and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk. It is not known whether coronary artery calcium (CAC) assessment at baseline in individuals with established metabolic syndrome (MetS) or diabetes identifies CHD and ASCVD prognostic indicators during a long follow-up period. Objective: To compare improvement in long-term prognostication of incident CHD and ASCVD using CAC scores among those with diabetes, MetS, or neither condition...
November 8, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116543/remission-assessment-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-in-daily-practice-in-china-a-cross-sectional-observational-study
#14
Huaqun Zhu, Ru Li, Zhanyun Da, Liqi Bi, Xiangpei Li, Yang Li, Chongyang Liu, Fengxiao Zhang, Zhijun Li, Xiangyuan Liu, Zhiyi Zhang, Lingyun Sun, Youlian Wang, Wei Zhang, Quan Jiang, Jinwei Chen, Qingping Chen, Zhenbin Li, Lijun Wu, Wencheng Qi, Jianhua Xu, Xiangjun Cui, Xiaofei Wang, Long Li, Xiaomei Leng, Guochun Wang, Dongbao Zhao, Lindi Jiang, Dongyi He, Xiaomin Liu, Ling Li, Yongfei Fang, Cibo Huang, Huaxiang Wu, Shaoxian Hu, Qin Li, Hui Song, Weiguo Xiao, Lu Gong, Liaojia Zhang, Xiaofeng Li, Zhanguo Li, Yin Su
The objective of this study is to evaluate the remission rate and describe the current use of medication in a large cohort of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients under routine clinical care in China. RA patients were recruited from 40 large teaching hospitals nationwide in China. Data regarding RA disease activity, medication treatment, and adverse events were recorded using a standardized clinical data questionnaire. RA remission was evaluated by the 28 Joint Disease Activity Score DAS28-ESR Clinical Disease Activity Index (CDAI), Simplified Disease Activity Index (SDAI), and American College of Rheumatology/European League Against Rheumatism (ACR/EULAR) remission criteria...
November 7, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111009/novel-biallelic-missense-mutations-in-ctc1-gene-identified-in-a-chinese-family-with-coats-plus-syndrome
#15
Hua Lin, Li Gong, Shuqin Zhan, Yuping Wang, Aihua Liu
BACKGROUND: Coats plus syndrome is a recently described, very rare multisystem disorder. The clinical phenotype is wide and variable, which making the diagnosis more difficulty. The genetic study of Coats plus syndrome has been reported recently. The biallelic heterozygous mutations in CTC1 gene, encoding conserved telomere maintenance component 1, were identified in families with Coats plus from different ancestry (European, American, and African). To data, there has not been a report about genetically confirmed Coats plus syndrome from China...
November 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108365/a-3-year-observation-of-testosterone-deficiency-in-chinese-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure
#16
Ying Han, Weiju Sun, Guizhi Sun, Xiaolu Hou, Zhaowei Gong, Jing Xu, Xiuping Bai, Lu Fu
Testosterone deficiency is present in a certain proportion men with chronic heart failure (CHF). Low testosterone levels in American and European patients with CHF lead to the high mortality and readmission rates. Interestingly, this relationship has not been studied in Chinese patients. To this end, 167 Chinese men with CHF underwent clinical and laboratory evaluations associated with determinations of testosterone levels. Total testosterone (TT) levels and sex hormone-binding globulin were measured by chemiluminescence or immunoassays assays and free testosterone (FT) levels were calculated, Based upon results from these assays, patients were divided into either a low testosterone (LT; n = 93) or normal testosterone (NT; n = 74) group...
October 3, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105177/reference-intervals-of-trimester-specific-thyroid-stimulating-hormone-and-free-thyroxine-in-chinese-women-established-by-experimental-and-statistical-methods
#17
Lican Han, Wei Zheng, Yanhong Zhai, Xin Xie, Jingnan Zhang, Shaozu Zhang, Zhen Zhao, Zheng Cao
BACKGROUND: As a result of physiological and metabolic changes during pregnancy, thyroid hormones can be affected significantly throughout entire three trimesters. According to the guidelines published by American Thyroid Association in 2017, it is strongly recommended to establish population-based trimester-specific and assay method-specific reference intervals (RIs) using local population. METHODS: A total of 1209 pregnant women without personal or family history of thyroid disease were recruited from July 2015 to April 2017 at Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital...
November 4, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101345/association-between-ideal-cardiovascular-health-metrics-and-suboptimal-health-status-in-chinese-population
#18
Youxin Wang, Xiaoxue Liu, Jing Qiu, Hao Wang, Di Liu, Zhongyao Zhao, Manshu Song, Qiaofeng Song, Xizhu Wang, Yong Zhou, Wei Wang
Suboptimal health status (SHS) is a physical state between health and illness, and previous studies suggested that SHS is associated with majority components of cardiovascular health metrics defined by American Heart Association (AHA). We investigated the association between SHS and cardiovascular health metrics in a cross-sectional analysis of China suboptimal health cohort study (COACS) consisting of 4313 participants (60.30% women) aged from 18 to 65 years old. The respective prevalence of SHS is 7.10%, 9...
November 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098285/risk-of-extraocular-extension-in-eyes-with-retinoblastoma-receiving-intravitreous-chemotherapy
#19
Jasmine H Francis, David H Abramson, Xunda Ji, Carol L Shields, Luiz F Teixeira, Amy C Schefler, Nathalie Cassoux, Doris Hadjistilianou, Jesse L Berry, Shahar Frenkel, Francis L Munier
Importance: The risk of extraocular extension from injecting chemotherapy into eyes with retinoblastoma is minimally understood; however, understanding this risk is important because of the increasing use of intravitreous chemotherapy. Objective: To evaluate the risk of extraocular extension in eyes with retinoblastoma that have received intravitreous chemotherapy injections. Design, Setting, and Participants: This retrospective cohort study was performed in 655 patients at 10 retinoblastoma centers in North and South American, European, Israeli, and Chinese centers...
November 2, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096226/comparing-the-loss-of-functional-independence-of-older-adults-in-the-u-s-and-china
#20
Joelle H Fong, Jun Feng
BACKGROUND: Functional loss among older adults is known to follow a hierarchical sequence, but little is known about whether such sequences differ across socio-cultural contexts. The aim of this study is to construct activities of daily livings (ADL) scales for oldest-old adults in the United States and China so as to compare their functional loss sequences. METHODS: We use data from the Asset and Health Dynamics of the Oldest Old (n=1607) and Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey (n=5570) for years 1998-2008...
October 28, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
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