keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Attitudes advance directives

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523117/evaluation-of-pediatric-residents-attitudes-toward-ethical-conflict-a-cross-sectional-study-in-tehran-iran
#1
Maliheh Kadivar, Marjan Mardani-Hamooleh, Shiva Shayestefar
Ethical conflicts are recognized as critical aspects in assessing competence in clinical communication. Moreover, pediatrics residents may face more problems, compared to other disciplines; due to the specific characteristics of the age group receiving services as well as the presence of their families. This study has been conducted with the aim of determining the attitude and perspective of pediatric residents toward ethical conflicts in the field of pediatrics. This descriptive, cross-sectional study was carried out on all residents of Tehran University of Medical Sciences (90 residents), selected through census method, in 2014...
2017: Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491126/developing-obstetric-medicine-training-in-latin-america
#2
José Rojas-Suarez, Niza Suarez, Oier Ateka-Barrutia
Maternal mortality is an important indicator of health in populations around the world. The distribution of maternal mortality ratio globally shows that middle- and low-income countries have ∼99% of the mortality burden. Most countries of Latin America are considered to be middle- or low-income countries, as well as areas of major inequities among the different social classes. Medical problems in pregnancy remain an important cause of morbidity and mortality in this region. Previous data indicate the need for a call to action for adequate diagnosis and care of medical diseases in obstetric care...
March 2017: Obstetric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486899/a-survey-of-australian-and-new-zealand-anaesthetists-attitudes-towards-resuscitation-orders-in-the-perioperative-setting
#3
Z Keon-Cohen, P S Myles, D A Story
Not for resuscitation (NFR) orders are often suspended during anaesthesia, as perioperative care is believed to inherently involve the need for resuscitation including ventilation support. Recent legislative changes in Australia, New Zealand and the UK have enacted the binding nature of advance care directives (ACDs) in healthcare. National guidelines regarding codes of practice and government strategic plans for implementing advance care planning have reinforced the role for advance care planning in modern healthcare...
May 2017: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464300/accp-clinical-pharmacist-competencies
#4
Joseph J Saseen, Toni L Ripley, Deborah Bondi, John M Burke, Lawrence J Cohen, Sarah McBane, Karen J McConnell, Bryan Sackey, Cynthia Sanoski, Anahit Simonyan, Jodi Taylor, Joseph P Vande Griend
The purpose of the American College of Clinical Pharmacy (ACCP) is to advance human health by extending the frontiers of clinical pharmacy. Consistent with this mission and its core values, ACCP is committed to ensuring that clinical pharmacists possess the knowledge, skills, attitudes, and behaviors necessary to deliver comprehensive medication management (CMM) in team-based, direct patient care environments. These components form the basis for the core competencies of a clinical pharmacist and reflect the competencies of other direct patient care providers...
May 2, 2017: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448246/pornography-use-and-loneliness-a-bi-directional-recursive-model-and-pilot-investigation
#5
Mark H Butler, Samuel A Pereyra, Thomas W Draper, Nathan D Leonhardt, Kevin B Skinner
Sexuality is presumptively and observably a powerful core element of the human pair-bond relationship. Technological advances of the last half-century have made media a dominant cultural and developmental presence, including scripting sexual relationship attitudes and behavior. Theoretically and empirically, we examine loneliness as it relates to pornography use in terms of pornography's relational scripting and its addictive potential. Empirically, we examine the associative nature between pornography use and loneliness using a measurement model and two structural equation models where pornography use and loneliness are regressed on each other, respectively...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442281/determinants-of-knowledge-and-attitudes-regarding-pain-among-nurses-in-a-university-hospital-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Elfa Gretarsdottir, Sigridur Zoëga, Gunnar Tomasson, Herdis Sveinsdottir, Sigridur Gunnarsdottir
The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the primary determinants of knowledge and attitudes regarding pain among nurses in a hospital setting. All registered nurses employed at participating units at a university hospital were invited to participate. Information on work experience, education, and hospital unit was evaluated using a questionnaire. The Knowledge and Attitude Survey Regarding Pain instrument was used to assess knowledge on pain management. The difference in knowledge between nurses with different levels of education was assessed with analysis of variance...
April 23, 2017: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353257/waste-printed-circuit-board-pcb-recycling-techniques
#7
REVIEW
Chao Ning, Carol Sze Ki Lin, David Chi Wai Hui, Gordon McKay
With the development of technologies and the change of consumer attitudes, the amount of waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) is increasing annually. As the core part of WEEE, the waste printed circuit board (WPCB) is a dangerous waste but at the same time a rich resource for various kinds of materials. In this work, various WPCB treatment methods as well as WPCB recycling techniques divided into direct treatment (landfill and incineration), primitive recycling technology (pyrometallurgy, hydrometallurgy, biometallurgy and primitive full recovery of NMF-non metallic fraction), and advanced recycling technology (mechanical separation, direct use and modification of NMF) are reviewed and analyzed based on their advantages and disadvantages...
April 2017: Topics in Current Chemistry (Journal)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320228/living-as-a-person-using-a-lower-limb-prosthesis-in-nepal
#8
Anna Järnhammer, Beatrice Andersson, Prakash Raj Wagle, Lina Magnusson
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to explore experiences of persons in Nepal using lower-limb prostheses, in relation to specific articles in the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities that consider mobility, education, health, rehabilitation, and work and employment. METHOD: Qualitative interviews were conducted with 16 persons using lower limb prostheses. Content analysis was applied to the data. RESULTS: Six themes emerged: The lower-limb prosthesis is essential for mobility and daily life; Limited mobility in challenging terrain and request for reduced pain when using prosthesis; Difficulties in finding and sustaining employment emphasized the importance of vocational training; Appreciation of comprehensive rehabilitation together with other persons with amputations, but covering related costs is a struggle; Satisfied with health care, but concerned that it creates debt and dependence upon others; and finally, Limited ability creates negative self-image and varied attitudes in other people...
March 21, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294929/-written-advance-euthanasia-directives-in-mentally-incompetent-patients-with-dementia-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#9
K de Nooijer, V E van de Wetering, E C T Geijteman, L Postma, J A C Rietjens, A van der Heide
OBJECTIVE: To present the knowledge, experiences and attitudes of the general population, patients, relatives and health care professionals concerning written advance euthanasia directives in patients who have become mentally incompetent. DESIGN: Systematic review of the literature. METHOD: We systematically searched Medline, Cochrane Library and Embase for articles published in the period 2002-2016. RESULTS: The search yielded 775 articles, of which 11 met the inclusion criteria...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214237/knowledge-attitudes-and-preferences-of-advance-decisions-end-of-life-care-and-place-of-care-and-death-in-hong-kong-a%C3%A2-population-based-telephone-survey-of-1067-adults
#10
Roger Yat-Nork Chung, Eliza Lai-Yi Wong, Nicole Kiang, Patsy Yuen-Kwan Chau, Janice Y C Lau, Samuel Yeung-Shan Wong, Eng-Kiong Yeoh, Jean W Woo
OBJECTIVES: According to the 2015 Quality of Death Index published by the Intelligence Unit of the Economist, Hong Kong is ranked 22nd in terms of quality of palliative care in the world, behind many other major developed countries in Asia, including Taiwan, Singapore, Japan, and South Korea. The objectives of the present study were to describe the knowledge, attitude, and preferences of the general Hong Kong adult population across different age groups regarding end-of-life (EOL) care decisions, place of care and death, as well as advance directive (AD)...
April 1, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142319/predicting-racial-and-ethnic-disparities-in-advance-care-planning-using-the-integrated-behavioral-model
#11
Colette A McAfee, Timothy R Jordan, Jiunn-Jye J J Sheu, Joseph A Dake, Barbara A Kopp Miller
Purpose To explain and predict racial or ethnic disparities in advance care planning (ACP) behaviors among American adults by using the Integrated Behavioral Model (IBM) and the Precaution Adoption Process Model. Methods A randomized, observational, nonexperimental, cross-sectional study design was used to survey American adults between 40 and 80 years of age ( n = 386). Results The majority of respondents (75%) had not completed ACP. Significant differences were found by race or ethnicity: 33% of Whites had completed ACP versus Hispanics (18%) and Blacks (8%)...
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135379/comparison-of-nurses-self-reported-and-objectively-measured-evidence-based-practice-knowledge
#12
Amy Hagedorn Wonder, Angela M McNelis, Darrell Spurlock, Pamela M Ironside, Shelley Lancaster, Carmen R Davis, Marlena Gainey, Nancy Verwers
BACKGROUND: This study provides a first-time, objective assessment of the evidence-based practice (EBP) knowledge of RNs working in Magnet(®)-designated hospitals. METHOD: This multisite, cross-sectional, descriptive, correlational study uses the Evidence-Based Practice Knowledge Assessment in Nursing (EKAN) and Evidence-Based Practice Questionnaire (EBPQ). RESULTS: EBPQ subscale scores revealed overall positive self-ratings of EBP knowledge/skills, attitudes, and practice/use...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093707/meaning-of-self-in-multiple-sclerosis-implications-for-treatment-and-rehabilitation
#13
Maciej Wilski, Tomasz Tasiemski
Low participation of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients in the therapeutic process is considered a primary area in research on the management of this condition. One of the key research directions is the role of self and self-involvement in MS patients. Clinical symptoms of MS and unpredictability of this condition may affect patients' attitude to their self and self-involvement. Self-image and self-appraisal of one's abilities to cope with the disease exert significant effects not only on patient's emotional status but also on their behavior...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077097/what-patients-really-think-about-asthma-guidelines-barriers-to-guideline-implementation-from-the-patients-perspective
#14
H Lingner, B Burger, P Kardos, C P Criée, H Worth, E Hummers-Pradier
BACKGROUND: Treatment of asthma does not always comply with asthma guidelines (AG). This may be rooted in direct or indirect resistance on the doctors' and/or patients' side or be caused by the healthcare system. To assess whether patients' concepts and attitudes are really an implementation barrier for AG, we analysed the patients' perspective of a "good asthma therapy" and contrasted their wishes with current recommendations. METHODS: Using a qualitative exploratory design, topic centred focus group (FG) discussions were performed until theoretical saturation was reached...
January 11, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032076/clinical-competence-and-its-related-factors-of-nurses-in-neonatal-intensive-care-units
#15
Jila Mirlashari, Robabeh Qommi, Shahin Nariman, Nasser Bahrani, Jamaloddin Begjani
Introduction: Clinical competence of nurses working in the neonatal intensive care units together with advancements in medical science and technology increased the survival rate of newborns that need specialized care. To ensure the quality of care and provide the safety of patients, evaluating the clinical competence of nurses seems necessary. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical competence of nurses in the neonatal intensive care units. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 117 nurses working in the neonatal intensive care units of the hospitals affiliated to Tehran University of Medical Sciences were selected by census method...
December 2016: Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026070/cancer-related-pain-management-a-review-of-knowledge-and-attitudes-of-healthcare-professionals
#16
REVIEW
M A M Kasasbeh, C McCabe, S Payne
Cancer-related pain (CRP) is common and many patients continue to experience pain in spite of advances in pain management modalities. The lack of knowledge, inadequate assessment of CRP and/or organisational factors, such as lack of time due to heavy workload, can be a barrier to effective pain management of healthcare professionals. The purpose was to examine the evidence with regard to the knowledge and attitudes towards practice of healthcare professionals in relation to CRP management. A search of the literature (1999-2015) was conducted searching databases and journals including CINAHL, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, PubMed, Science Direct and Wiley-Blackwell...
December 27, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965013/patients-attitudes-and-physicians-perceptions-toward-maintenance-therapy-for-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-a-multicenter-italian-survey
#17
Maria Vittoria Pacchiana, Enrica Capelletto, Simona Carnio, Cesare Gridelli, Antonio Rossi, Domenico Galetta, Elisabetta Sara Montagna, Paola Bordi, Anna Ceribelli, Diego Cortinovis, Vieri Scotti, Olga Martelli, Giuseppe Valmadre, Alessandro Del Conte, Annamaria Miccianza, Raffaella Morena, Francesco Rosetti, Massimo Di Maio, Luca Ostacoli, Silvia Novello
INTRODUCTION: Pemetrexed maintenance therapy (MT) after induction with platinum-based chemotherapy has recently become a common treatment strategy for advanced nonsquamous non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, the benefits of MT should be weighed with consideration of the patients' perceptions and preferences. The aim of the present study was to evaluate patients' attitudes toward MT and to describe physicians' awareness of their patients' inclinations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We administered a 12-question anonymous survey and the Distress Thermometer Questionnaire to patients with advanced or recurrent nonsquamous NSCLC...
November 22, 2016: Clinical Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943487/a-comparison-of-attitudes-toward-length-and-quality-of-life-between-community-dwelling-older-adults-and-patients-with-advanced-cancer
#18
Chetna Malhotra, Ling Xiang, Semra Ozdemir, Ravindran Kanesvaran, Noreen Chan, Eric Andrew Finkelstein
OBJECTIVE: Applying prospect theory to end-of-life (EOL) decision-making, we hypothesize that community dwelling older adults (CDOAs) will be relatively less inclined towards extending length over improving quality of life compared to patients. We also hypothesize that differences in relative inclination for length over quality of life between the two groups will decrease with advancing age. METHODS: We tested these hypotheses by administering the Quality-Quantity questionnaire to 1067 CDOAs and 320 stage IV cancer patients and applying a linear regression model to assess whether relative inclination for length over quality of life, as estimated by the questionnaire, differed between CDOAs and patients after controlling for differences in socio-demographic characteristics...
December 10, 2016: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891235/interaction-and-medical-inducement-between-pharmaceutical-representatives-and-physicians-a-meta-synthesis
#19
REVIEW
Shahrzad Salmasi, Long Chiau Ming, Tahir Mehmood Khan
BACKGROUND: It has been proven that the interaction between pharmaceutical representatives and physicians can directly influence the latter's prescribing behaviour. This meta-synthesis aims to explore the available studies regarding the nature of the interaction that takes place between pharmaceutical representatives and physicians. It highlights the different aspects of that interaction by investigating the reasons why these meetings happen in the first place, their benefits and drawbacks and their impact on patients' health and, ultimately, the health of the public...
2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852819/factors-influencing-advance-care-planning-among-older-adults-in-two-socioeconomically-diverse-living-communities
#20
Jennifer L Tripken, Cathy Elrod, Susan Bills
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Advance care planning (ACP) is an iterative, complex, and dynamic process of discussion, decision-making, and documentation about end-of-life care. The extent to which this process takes place in older adults in diverse socioeconomic settings is not well documented. The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs about ACP among older adults in two socioeconomically diverse settings to identify the individual and contextual factors that influence behaviors regarding end-of-life care...
January 1, 2016: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
keyword
keyword
21841
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"