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disc herniation

Amneh Al-Husseini, Rana Abu-Farha, Mayyada Wazaify, Marie Claire Van Hout
Objectives: Pregabalin is currently approved for the treatment of epilepsy, generalized anxiety disorder, neuropathic pain and fibromyalgia. Rising attention to the abuse liability of pregabalin causing addictive behaviors is partially based on case reports and published literature of pregabalin used in dosages that override the approved therapeutic range. This study was conducted to provide background data regarding the abuse/misuse of pregabalin from community pharmacy in Jordan. Methods: A prospective cross-sectional observational study design was used, which was conducted at different community pharmacies in Amman-Jordan...
March 2018: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
Mohammed Ali Alvi, Panagiotis Kerezoudis, Waseem Wahood, Anshit Goyal, Mohamad Bydon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Min Kyoung Kim, Sung Eun Sim, Yong-Chul Kim, Jung Soo Kim, Seok Min Kwon, Yongjae Yoo, Chang-Soon Lee, Jee Youn Moon
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous cervical nucleoplasty (PCN) is an effective treatment for cervical herniated intervertebral disc (C-HIVD). In this retrospective study, we evaluated clinical predictors that affect the successful outcome of PCN. METHODS: Fluoroscopy-guided PCN was conducted for C-HIVD by one pain physician. Successful outcome was defined as a combination of > 50% pain relief on the numerical rating scale (NRS) pain score, no increase in analgesics, and no cervical epidural steroid injection during the 3-month follow-up period...
March 13, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Catherine E Ferland, Diana-Luk Ye, Jean A Ouellet
This case report illustrates the value of a comprehensive perioperative pain assessment composed of quantitative sensory testing and self-reported measures that highlight the impact of pain experienced by a 14-year-old boy suffering from chronic low back pain and sciatica. Before surgery, the pain assessment revealed inefficient endogenous inhibitory pain control with presence of temporal summation of pain. The severe pain was constant and lasted for 18 months. The patient was in a high-anxiety state, and reported significant functional disability and poor sleep quality...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
Oliver P Gautschi, Martin N Stienen, Marco V Corniola, Granit Molliqaj, Enrico Tessitore
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
Gang Wang, Jing Liang, Zishan Jia, Lei Wan, Mingxia Yang
RATIONALE: Spinal cord infarction is one of the complications of epidural steroid injections (ESIs), but has only been reported in cervical vertebra by transforaminal injection and lumbar vertebra by transforaminal injection; and up to now, there is no reporting about spinal cord infarction caused by caudal injection. Here, we report a case. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 52-year-old man was admitted to our hospital. He was diagnosed as lumbar disc herniation in other hospital, and the patient suffered bilateral lower limb motor and sensory disorders after administration of caudal ESI...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Farnaz Jahantiqh, Abdolghani Abdollahimohammad, Mohammadreza Firouzkouhi, Vahid Ebrahiminejad
Patients with intervertebral disc herniation (IVDH) seek complementary and conventional medical therapies to manage related problems. This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of Reiki compared with physiotherapy to relieve the lower back pain intensity and to improve the activities of daily living (ADL) in the IDVH patients. In this clinical trial study, 60 patients with IVDH were randomly assigned to one of the Reiki, physiotherapy, and drug therapy groups. The severity of pain and the ADL were measured using visual analog scale (VAS) pain and ADL-Instrumental ADL questionnaire before and after the intervention...
January 2018: J Evid Based Integr Med
Feng Xie, Jun Bian, Zhi-Wei Wang, Wei-Shan Chen
OBJECTIVE: To study the difference of spino-pelvic sagittal alignment between lumbar disc herniation(LDH) and lumbar canal stenosis(LCS) in adults. METHODS: The integrated imaging data of 88 patients with lumbar disc herniation (42 cases) or lumbar canal stenosis(46 cases) were searched from January 1, 2015 to September 10, 2016 in our hospital.Twenty-two cases were excluded because of age factor, 36 cases of LDH (LDH group) and 30 cases of LCS (LCS group) were internalized in the study...
January 25, 2018: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Víctor Rodrigo, Marta Claramonte, Mónica Martín, Juan B Calatayud
BACKGROUND: Intradural disc herniation is a rare phenomenon in spine surgery. Diagnosis is difficult despite current neuroradiologic imaging techniques. METHOD: We present a case of a 59-year-old man with lumbar and radicular pain and a recurrent lumbar herniation. A laminectomy was performed after no clear disc herniation in the epidural space was found and an intradural mass was palpable. A durotomy showed an intradural disc fragment that was removed, followed by an arthrodesis...
March 12, 2018: Acta Neurochirurgica
Saeid Abrishamkar, Sohrab Salimi, Habib Pirmoradi
Background: The standard treatment for cervical disc herniation is open discectomy surgery but some of techniques, such as nucleoplasty were applied by neurosurgeons in recent decade. The aim of this study was to compare the postoperation results of open discectomy and nucleoplasty methods in people suffering from single cervical disc herniation. Materials and Methods: In a clinical trial study that performed during 2012-2013, 70 patients who candidate for neck surgery were selected and randomly divided into two groups...
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
Rafet Ozay, Torel Ogur, Hasan Ali Durmaz, Erhan Turkoglu, Yusuf Sukru Caglar, Zeki Sekerci, Mehmet Sorar, Sahin Hanalioglu
OBJECTIVE: Preserving the ligamentum flavum (LF) during lumbar spine surgery may help limit the extent of postoperative epidural fibrosis (EF), a potential cause of persistent leg pain. We present a retrospective analysis of microdiscectomy with preservation of the LF in order to evaluate the effects of the two LF mobilizing techniques (reflecting inferiorly or medially vs. removing completely) on EF and clinical outcomes. METHODS: Microdiscectomy was performed through a unilateral laminotomy in 93 patients (52 male, 41 female; mean age 46; range 25-65 years) with L3-L4 (n=3), L4-L5 (n=40), and L5-S1 (n=50) lumbar disc herniation...
March 9, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Xinxin Miao, Dingwen He, Tianlong Wu, Xigao Cheng
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous endoscopic technique via interlaminar approach is one of the prevalent minimal invasive procedures in the treatment of lumbar disc herniation even lumbar spinal stenosis. The aim of this report is to perform complete decompressions for the cases with thoracic ossification of the ligamentum flavum using percutaneous endoscopic technique. CASE DESCRIPTION: We experienced surgical decompressions of two patients with thoracic myelopathy caused by OLF using percutaneous endoscopic surgery via interlaminar approach...
March 7, 2018: World Neurosurgery
P Elkan, T Lagerbäck, H Möller, Paul Gerdhem
PURPOSE: Quality registers give unique possibilities to achieve information from large groups of patients, but outcome must be interpreted carefully due to less stringent data collection and lower follow-up rates than in research projects. We tried to quantify any outcome differences between a national spine quality register and a prospective observational study. METHODS: Adult patients treated with lumbar discectomy between 2004 and 2010 were retrieved from the Swedish Spine register (Swespine) (n = 7791) and from the single center lumbar disc herniation study (LDHS) in Stockholm (n = 177)...
March 9, 2018: European Spine Journal
Yang Meng, Xiaofei Wang, Beiyu Wang, Tingkui Wu, Hao Liu
RATIONALE: Cervical open-door laminoplasty can enlarge the volume of the cervical vertebral canal and thus has become an effective and safe treatment for multilevel cervical disc herniation and cervical stenosis. Some post-surgery complications exist, such as reduction of cervical alignment and local kyphosis. However, aggravation of cervical disc herniation at the surgical level during short-term follow-up has not been discussed. Additionally, spontaneous disappearance of herniated disc pulposus is a common phenomenon in the lumbar region but is relatively rare in the cervical region...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Wen-Kai Wu, Zheng Jian Yan, Teng-Fei Zhang, Cong-Gang Liao, Kai-Lu Liang, Liang Chen, Zhong-Liang Deng
BACKGROUND: Anterior percutaneous endoscopic transcorporeal cervical discectomy (APETCD) is an alternative operation for cervical disc herniation. However, few reports have evaluated the biomechanical influence of tunnels on vertebrae. We compared biomechanical distinctions between intact and tunneled models to analyze the safety of APETCD based on a C2-T1 finite element(FE) model. METHODS: Two groups of C2-T1 FE models were simulated with C4 tunneled by two methods (A: with partial superior endplate excision, B: without partial superior endplate excision) and various tunnel diameters (6mm, 8mm, 10mm)...
March 3, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Selçuk Özdoğan, Cumhur Kaan Yaltırık, Ali Haluk Düzkalır, Nail Demirel, Mustafa Kaya, Başar Atalay
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to draw attention to rare spinal infections in recurrent failed spinal surgeries. CASE REPORT A 59-year-old female was admitted to the hospital for back pain, which was assessed as a 9 on the visual analogue scale (VAS); the patient reported tiredness and night sweats. She had an operation for L3-4 far lateral disc herniation four years ago. Then another operation for L4-5 disc herniation six months ago and immediately three months later she has an operation with L3-4-5 fixation again...
March 6, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
Feng-Kai Chan, Chien-Chin Hsu, Hung-Jung Lin, Jhi-Joung Wang, Shih-Bin Su, Chien-Cheng Huang, Shih-Feng Weng
Physicians in Taiwan have long working hours and are at risk for inappropriate posture when handling patients, which may contribute to lumbar herniated intervertebral disc (L-HIVD). This study was conducted to delineate this issue, which is still unknown. This nationwide population-based cohort study was based on Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. We identified 25,428 physicians, 32,316 nonphysician health care professionals (HCPs), and an identical number of age- and sex-matched individuals from the general population...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Yong-Peng Lin, Yong-Jin Li, Bo-Lai Chen, Yu-Hai Guo
RATIONALE: Adult spinal epidermoid cyst (SEC) is a rare tumor. Lumbar laminectomy and tumor removal was a routine surgical procedure for adult spinal epidermoid cyst according to the literature, but postoperative lumbar instability and intractable low back pain may occur. In this study, we presented a brief report of an adult lumbar epidermoid cyst and introduced another surgical approach. PATIENT CONCERNS: This 28-year-old woman has been complaining of the severe right buttock pain and right thigh radiating pain for half a year...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Chun-Kun Park, Kyeong-Sik Ryu
Since the launch of cervical total disc replacement (CTDR) in the early 2000s, many clinical studies have reported better outcomes of CTDR compared to those of anterior cervical discectomy and fusion. However, CTDR is still a new and innovative procedure with limited indications for clinical application in spinal surgery, particularly, for young patients presenting with soft disc herniation with radiculopathy and/or myelopathy. In addition, some controversial issues related to the assessment of clinical outcomes of CTDR remain unresolved...
February 2018: Asian Spine Journal
Taku Inada, Sei Nishida, Taigo Kawaoka, Toshiyuki Takahashi, Junya Hanakita
Study Design: A retrospective study. Purpose: Our objectives were to determine the association between the pathological changes of disc herniation and the interval between primary and revision surgeries and to investigate the frequency and site of the dural laceration in the primary and revision surgeries. Overview of Literature: Among 382 patients who underwent microsurgical lumbar discectomy, we investigated 29 who underwent revision surgery to analyze recurrent herniation pathologies and complications to determine the manner in which lumbar disc herniation can be more efficiently managed...
February 2018: Asian Spine Journal
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