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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350650/clinical-and-instrumental-assessment-of-herniated-discs-after-nucleoplasty-a-preliminary-study
#1
Alessandro Liguori, Federica Galli, Martina Gurgitano, Anna Borelli, Marco Pandolfi, Ferdinando Caranci, Alberto M Magenta Biasina, Giovanni G M Pompili, Claudia L Piccolo, Vittorio Miele, Carlo Masciocchi, Giampaolo Carrafiello
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The therapy for low back pain boasts different approaches; one of these is nucleoplasty. We wanted to assess the effectiveness of nucleoplasty both by clinical response both by MR imaging evaluation, including even extrusions larger than one third of the spinal canal. METHODS: Fifty-seven patients were treated with nucleoplasty in our hospital, 11 of these patients accepted both clinical and MRI evaluation after six months from treatment. The clinical evaluation was performed with Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) of pain, scored before and after the procedure...
January 19, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350649/magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-degenerative-disease-of-the-lumbar-spine-fat-saturation-technique-and-contrast-medium
#2
Paola D'Aprile, Michelangelo Nasuto, Alfredo Tarantino, Giuseppe Guglielmi, J Randy Jinkins
PURPOSE: To examine both anterior and posterior elements of the lumbar spine in patients with low back pain using MRI T2-weighted sequences with Fat Saturation (FS) and contrast enhanced T1-weighted sequences with FS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two thousand eight hundred and twenty (2820) patients (1628 male, 1192 female, mean age 54) presenting low back pain underwent MRI standard examination (Sagittal T1w TSE and T2w TSE, axial T1 SE) with the addition of sagittal and axial T2w Fat Sat (FS) sequences...
January 19, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350556/rehabilitation-of-a-young-athlete-with-extension-based-low-back-pain-addressing-motor-control-impairments-and-central-sensitization
#3
John J Winslow, Mark Jackson, Andrew Getzin, Michael Costello
OBJECTIVE:   To describe the conservative management of a young athlete with extension-based (EB) low back pain (LBP). BACKGROUND:   We present the case of a 15-year-old female high school gymnast with a 4-year history of EB LBP. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a healed spondylolysis and significant lumbar multifidi muscle (LMM) atrophy with fatty infiltrate. She had several courses of outpatient orthopaedic rehabilitation that focused on core muscle strengthening (improving activation and strength of the LMM and transversus abdominus muscle in a neutral pelvic position) without long-lasting improvement...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350375/neurological-recovery-after-traumatic-cauda-equina-syndrome-due-to-glass-fragments-an-unusual-case
#4
Mehmet Şenoğlu, Ali Karadağ, Çağlar Türk, Füsun Demirçivi Özer
Penetrating spinal injuries with foreign bodies are exceedingly rare. To date, pathological problems due to glass fragments in the spinal canal have rarely been reported. In this report, the case presenting with a back laceration, leg pain, and leg weakness was found to have glass frag-ments in the spinal canal at the L2-L3 level by lumbar computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. After L2 total laminectomy and retrieval of the glass fragments, the dura was re-paired. The patient was discharged from the hospital after complete neurological recovery...
January 2018: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350332/sleep-in-ankylosing-spondylitis-and-non-radiographic-axial-spondyloarthritis-associations-with-disease-activity-gender-and-mood
#5
Alison Wadeley, Emily Clarke, Shaaron Leverment, Raj Sengupta
The study aims were to assess the prevalence of good or poor sleep in a cohort of axial spondyloarthritis patients and to investigate its correlation with a range of objectively and subjectively measured variables in order to develop a model for distinguishing good from poor sleepers. Five hundred ninety-eight patients with ankylosing spondylitis and 61 with non-radiographic axial spondyloarthritis completed the Jenkins Sleep Evaluation Questionnaire. Measures of disease activity, mobility, function, mood, fatigue, quality of life, work productivity, night-time pain and general health were gathered...
January 19, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350288/correction-to-attenuation-of-cortical-activity-triggering-descending-pain-inhibition-in-chronic-low-back-pain-patients-a-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-study
#6
Yohei Matsuo, Jiro Kurata, Miho Sekiguchi, Katsuhiro Yoshida, Takuya Nikaido, Shin-Ichi Konno
Inadvertently, the Fig. 7 was published incorrectly in the original publication of the article. The correct figure should be as below.
January 19, 2018: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350011/-treatment-of-ossification-of-ligamentum-flavum-complicated-with-lumbar-spinal-stenosis
#7
Xu Lan, Jie Gao, Jian-Zhong Xu, Xue-Mei Liu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the imaging characteristic and operation outcome of ossification of ligamentum flavum with lumbar spinal stenosis. METHODS: January 2013 to January 2016, 9 patients with ossification of ligamentum flavum with lumbar spinal stenosis were treated, included 5 males and 4 females, aged from 51 to 63 years old with an average of 57 years old. All patients complained intermittent claudication and radiating pain at lower limb. The pathologic change regions examined by CT or MRI were as follows:2 cases in L₄,₅ and L₅S₁, 5 in L̀,̀, and 2 in L₅S₁...
February 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349997/-surgical-outcome-of-percutaneous-endoscopic-technique-for-highly-migrated-disc-herniation-via-three-different-approaches
#8
Yi Jiang, Ru-Jun Zuo, Lei Wu, Cheng Huang, Yan Shi, Hua-Wei Song, Yi-Wei Wang, Bin Li
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the clinical effects of percutaneous endoscopic technique via three different approaches for highly migrated lumbar disc herniation. METHODS: The clinical data of 68 patients underwent percutaneous endoscopic technique from June 2011 to June 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 43 males and 25 females, aged from 11 to 77 years old with an average of (42.29±15.92) years. The patients were divided into three groups according to different operative approaches, of them, 45 cases were by transforaminal approach (group A), 15 cases by translaminar approach (group B), and 8 cases by transpedicular approach (group C)...
February 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349985/-risk-factors-analysis-for-low-back-pain-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#9
Meng-Qi Na, Shan Deng, Xian-Lei Yan, Yu-Lin Wang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate musculoskeletal disorders and risk factors of low back pain in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. METHODS: In this study, patients in our hospital with confirmed MS with an expanded disabilitystatus scale (EDSS) score between 4 to 7 were selected. Data of MS history, pain, musculoskeletal disorders, muscle strength and spasticity in lower limbs were collected. RESULTS: Among 190 patients, there were 61 males and 129 females, with an average age of(54...
April 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349965/-clinical-characteristics-analysis-of-lumbar-disc-herniation-with-symptom-aggravated-caused-by-spinal-manipulative-therapy
#10
Feng Zhao, Jun-Peng Pei, Pan Diao, Zhi-Li Meng, Yuan Sun, Sheng-Li Huang
OBJECTIVE: To discuss the characteristics of lumbar disc herniation (LDH) with symptom aggravated caused by spinal manipulative therapy (SMT). METHODS: Detailed clinical profiles of a total number of 10 LDH patients with symptoms aggravated after SMT were reviewed including 5 males and 5 females with age from 46 to 68 years old, 7 patients of them were more than 50 years old. The clinical data of 10 patients were analyzed involving age, gender, clinical symptoms, signs, imaging findings, surgical treatment and prognosis...
March 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349901/inflammatory-back-pain-and-associated-disease-conditions-among-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain-in-bangladesh
#11
Sabrina Yesmin, Syed Jamil Abdal, Aminur Rahman, Md Nazrul Islam, Alamgir Mustak Ahammad, Shamim Ahmed, Md Abu Shahin, Minhaj Rahim Chowdhury, Syed Atiqul Haq
AIM: Inflammatory back pain (IBP) is the earliest symptom of axial and other forms of spondyloarthritis (SpA). However, there are no published data on prevalence of IBP among patients suffering from chronic low back pain (CLBP) in Bangladesh. In this study, we estimated the prevalence of IBP and the subtypes of SpA in a tertiary hospital in Bangladesh. METHODS: This 1 year cross-sectional study was conducted among 240 CLBP patients in a rheumatology outpatient clinic...
January 18, 2018: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349847/increased-pain-sensitivity-in-migraine-and-tension-type-headache-coexistent-with-low-back-pain-a-cross-sectional-population-study
#12
S Ashina, R B Lipton, L Bendtsen, N Hajiyeva, D C Buse, A C Lyngberg, R Jensen
BACKGROUND: Low back pain is common in the general population and in individuals with primary headaches. We assessed the relative frequency of self-reported back pain in persons with and without primary headaches and examined pain sensitivity. METHOD: A population of 796 individuals completed a headache interview based on ICHD criteria and provided data of interest in a self-administered questionnaire. Headache cases were classified into chronic (≥15) (CH) or episodic (<15 headache days/month) (EH)...
January 19, 2018: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349284/the-relationship-between-physical-functional-limitations-and-psychological-distress-considering-a-possible-mediating-role-of-pain-social-support-and-sense-of-mastery
#13
Ingeborg Flåten Backe, Grete Grindal Patil, Ragnhild Bang Nes, Jocelyne Clench-Aas
The aim of this study was to examine associations between selected physical functional limitations related to performing daily activities and psychological distress. We also aimed to investigate if these associations vary across age (moderation), and to explore pain, sense of mastery and social support as potential moderators and mediators. The study was based on pooled data from two rounds (2008 and 2012) of a Norwegian nationally representative cross-sectional health survey (N = 8520) including individuals aged ≥ 16 years (Age groups = 16-44 and ≥ 45 years)...
April 2018: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348392/rapamycin-prevents-the-intervertebral-disc-degeneration-via-inhibiting-differentiation-and-senescence-of-annulus-fibrosus-cells
#14
Changhong Gao, Bin Ning, Chenglin Sang, Ying Zhang
The effects of bleomycin and rapamycin on cellular senescence and differentiation of rabbit annulus fibrosus stem cells (AFSCs) were investigated using a cell culture model. The results showed that bleomycin induced cellular senescence in AFSCs as evidenced by senescence-associated secretory phenotype. The morphology of AFSCs was changed from cobblestone-like cells to pancake-like cells. The senescence-associated β-galactosidase activity, the protein expression of P16 and P21, and inflammatory-related marker gene levels IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α were increased in bleomycin-treated AFSCs in a dose-dependent manner...
January 18, 2018: Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347932/epidemiology-of-arthritis-chronic-back-pain-gout-osteoporosis-spondyloarthropathies-and-rheumatoid-arthritis-among-1-5-million-patients-in-australian-general-practice-nps-medicinewise-medicineinsight-dataset
#15
David Alejandro González-Chica, Simon Vanlint, Elizabeth Hoon, Nigel Stocks
BACKGROUND: Previous estimates for the prevalence of musculoskeletal conditions (MSK) and chronic pain in Australia have been based on self-report. We aimed to determine the prevalence and distribution of arthritis, chronic back pain, gout, osteoporosis, spondyloarthropathies and rheumatoid arthritis and current consultations for chronic pain among adults attending Australian general practice, and describe their distribution according to sociodemographic characteristics and presence of co-morbidities...
January 18, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346828/dynamic-posterior-stabilization-versus-posterior-lumbar-intervertebral-fusion-a-matched-cohort-study-based-on-the-spine-tango-registry
#16
Kathrin S Bieri, Kelly Goodwin, Emin Aghayev, Hans-Joachim Riesner, Ralph Greiner-Perth
PURPOSE:  The primary aim of dynamic stabilization is to stabilize the spine and preserve function without overstressing adjacent segments, which is a potential risk of fusion surgery. However, direct comparative analyses of the two approaches are still limited, and little is known about the association of patient-reported outcomes with these treatment options. OBJECTIVE:  To compare the clinical outcomes of dynamic posterior stabilization using the DSS Stabilization System (Paradigm Spine, LLC, New York, New York, United States) versus posterior lumbar intervertebral fusion (PLIF) based on data from a spine registry...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part A, Central European Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345843/does-the-use-of-epiduroscopic-lysis-of-adhesions-reduce-the-need-for-spinal-cord-stimulation-in-failed-back-surgery-syndrome-a-short-term-pilot-study
#17
S J Tuijp, J Van Zundert, P De Vooght, M Puylaert, R Mestrum, R Heylen, P Vanelderen
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Persistent low back pain after initially successful surgery that is not attributed to structural deficits, is called failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS). When conservative and minimal invasive therapy fail, the recommended treatment is spinal cord stimulation (SCS). Because epidural fibrosis can be a contributing factor in the majority of FBSS patients, lumbosacral epiduroscopic lysis of adhesions may be considered as a less invasive alternative treatment option. We hypothesized that the use of epiduroscopic lysis of adhesions could reduce the need for SCS...
January 18, 2018: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345522/goal-setting-practice-in-chronic-low-back-pain-what-is-current-practice-and-is-it-affected-by-beliefs-and-attitudes
#18
Tania Gardner, Kathryn Refshauge, James McAuley, Markus Hübsher, Stephen Goodall, Lorraine Smith
INTRODUCTION: Goal setting, led by the patient, is promising as an effective treatment for the management of chronic low back pain (CLBP); however, little is known about current practice. The aims of the study were to explore (1) current goal setting practice in CLBP among physiotherapists; (2) perceived barriers to goal setting in CLBP; and (3) relationship between clinician's attitudes and beliefs and goal setting practice. METHOD: A cross-sectional observational survey...
January 18, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344911/recurrent-infectious-subcapsular-renal-hematoma-accompanied-by-microaneurysm
#19
Toshikazu Ozeki, Junichiro Yamamoto, Shigeki Yamamoto, Chisato Shigematsu, Masashi Tsuji
An 80-year-old woman was admitted to the hospital complaining of loss of appetite. 10 days earlier, her oral intake gradually decreased with no other specific symptoms, such as abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, headache, or low back pain. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) scan revealed a left subcapsular renal hematoma. We suspected infective subcapsular renal hematoma, so percutaneous needle aspiration and drainage were performed. Intravenous sulbactam-ampicillin was started immediately. On day 9 after admission, repeat CT scan revealed the subcapsular hematoma had reduced in size...
January 17, 2018: CEN Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343984/appropriateness-of-sham-or-placebo-acupuncture-for-randomized-controlled-trials-of-acupuncture-for-nonspecific-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Yan Xiang, Jinyuan He, Rui Li
Objectives: To establish whether sham acupuncture (SA) or placebo acupuncture (PA) is more efficacious for reducing low back pain (LBP) than other routine treatments and to discuss whether SA or PA is appropriate for randomized controlled trials of acupuncture for LBP. Methods: Six databases were searched on 31 May 2017. We included only randomized controlled trials of adults with LBP and lower back myofascial pain syndrome. The studies had at least two control arms: a sham-controlled acupuncture arm and a routine care or waiting list arm (people who did not receive acupuncture until the end of treatment)...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
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