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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102167/assessment-and-comparison-of-the-efficacy-of-rehabilitation-conducted-at-a-sanatorium-and-in-an-outpatient-facility-in-patients-with-low-back-pain-pilot-study
#1
Jakub Szewczyk
BACKGROUND: Low back pain is nowadays believed to be one of the most serious and common health problems and is even often classified as a disease of civilisation. Prevention and treatment of such conditions is very important, particularly taking into consideration the fact that they are increasingly common in young people. Low back pain is effectively prevented and treated with rehabilitation. The aim of this paper was to assess and compare rehabilitation procedures performed in patients with low back pain in the sanatorium setting and on an outpatient basis...
August 30, 2016: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101631/lumbar-and-sacral-pedicle-screw-placement-using-a-template-does-not-improve-the-midterm-pain-and-disability-outcome-in-comparison-with-free-hand-method
#2
Matjaz Merc, Gregor Recnik, Zmago Krajnc
BACKGROUND: The free-hand technique carries a higher risk of pedicle weakening and neurovascular injuries in comparison with pedicle screw placement using a drill guide. Due to this evidence and because of some variances in the surgical method, different outcome can be expected. The objective of the study was to evaluate the disability, the back and leg pain before and at least 3 years after the surgery between examined groups. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eleven patients in drill guide and 13 in control group were randomly assigned for vertebral fusion in the lumbar and first sacral regions...
January 19, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100238/chronic-physical-conditions-multimorbidity-and-physical-activity-across-46-low-and-middle-income-countries
#3
Davy Vancampfort, Ai Koyanagi, Philip B Ward, Simon Rosenbaum, Felipe B Schuch, James Mugisha, Justin Richards, Joseph Firth, Brendon Stubbs
BACKGROUND: There are no nationally representative population-based studies investigating the relationship between physical activity, chronic conditions and multimorbidity (i.e., two or more chronic conditions) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), and studies on a multi-national level are lacking. This is an important research gap, given the rapid increase in the prevalence of chronic diseases associated with lifestyle changes in these countries. This cross-sectional study aimed to assess the association between chronic conditions, multimorbidity and low physical activity (PA) among community-dwelling adults in 46 LMICs, and explore the mediators of these relationships...
January 18, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100231/can-screening-instruments-accurately-determine-poor-outcome-risk-in-adults-with-recent-onset-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Emma L Karran, James H McAuley, Adrian C Traeger, Susan L Hillier, Luzia Grabherr, Leslie N Russek, G Lorimer Moseley
BACKGROUND: Delivering efficient and effective healthcare is crucial for a condition as burdensome as low back pain (LBP). Stratified care strategies may be worthwhile, but rely on early and accurate patient screening using a valid and reliable instrument. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the performance of LBP screening instruments for determining risk of poor outcome in adults with LBP of less than 3 months duration. METHODS: Medline, Embase, CINAHL, PsycINFO, PEDro, Web of Science, SciVerse SCOPUS, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched from June 2014 to March 2016...
January 19, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100201/developing-a-practice-guideline-for-the-occupational-health-services-by-using-a-community-of-practice-approach-a-process-evaluation-of-the-development-process
#5
Lydia Kwak, Charlotte Wåhlin, Kjerstin Stigmar, Irene Jensen
BACKGROUND: One way to facilitate the translation of research into the occupational health service practice is through clinical practice guidelines. To increase the implementability of guidelines it is important to include the end-users in the development, for example by a community of practice approach. This paper describes the development of an occupational health practice guideline aimed at the management of non-specific low back pain (LBP) by using a community of practice approach...
January 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100145/chronic-health-conditions-among-incoming-canadian-federally-sentenced-women
#6
Amanda M Nolan, Lynn A Stewart
Over a 13-month period, health data on all consecutive incoming Canadian federally sentenced women offenders were collected and analyzed ( N = 280). The most common health conditions cited were back pain, head injury, hepatitis C virus (HCV), and asthma. Rates of chronic health problems were generally similar to those of their male offender counterparts, with the notable exception of HCV, which was higher for women. Aboriginal women offenders had particularly high rates of HCV. The study provides valuable information on the self-reported physical health status of federally sentenced women offenders that can be used as a benchmark to examine health trends over time...
January 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099569/sudden-back-pain-as-clinical-presentation-of-spontaneous-spinal-epidural-hematoma
#7
Plínio Duarte Mendes, Clayton Lucas da Silva Lopes, Guilherme de Sousa Baptista, Paulo Mallard Scaldaferri, Gustavo Agra Cariri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098741/does-familial-aggregation-of-chronic-low-back-pain-impact-on-recovery-a-population-based-twin-study
#8
J R Zadro, D Shirley, J F Sanchez-Romera, J R Ordoñana, P H Ferreira
STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal twin-cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact familial aggregation of chronic low back pain (LBP) has on the recovery from chronic LBP. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: LBP is a worldwide problem, with pain and disability often becoming chronic. Genetics and familial behaviours could significantly impact the recovery from chronic LBP but have not been extensively investigated. METHODS: 624 Spanish twins from the Murcia Twin Registry reported experiencing chronic LBP within the past two years during the 2009/11 data collection wave and were followed up in 2013...
January 16, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098044/-an-acutely-dyspnoeic-woman-after-acupuncture
#9
B J J van Tienoven, L Becude, W Thijs
A 42-year-old woman without a medical history presented herself to the emergency room with sudden onset of dyspnoea and progressive tachypnoea. The X-ray showed a bilateral pneumothorax. Additional anamnesis suggested this was caused by thoracic acupuncture she had received that afternoon because of her chronic low back pain.
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097252/enterococcus-faecalis-causing-delayed-spondylodiscitis-in-a-case-with-retained-intraspinal-bullet
#10
Siddharth N Aiyer, Ajoy Prasad Shetty, Rishi Kanna, Srikanth Reddy, Shanmuganathan Rajasekaran
Delayed presentations have been reported following gunshot wounds (GSW) with retained intraspinal bullets due to migration of projectile or lead intoxication. We report on the rare occurrence of delayed pyogenic spondylodiscitis and neurological dysfunction following injury from low velocity GSW to the spine with a retained projectile. A 55-year-old male presented 4 months following GSW to the abdomen which resulted in colonic injury and L5 fracture. The patient was treated initially with ileo-transverse anastomosis, antibiotics, without retrieval of the bullet...
December 2016: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097242/anterior-to-psoas-atp-fusion-of-the-lumbar-spine-evolution-of-a-technique-facilitated-by-changes-in-equipment
#11
Cristian Gragnaniello, Kevin Seex
BACKGROUND: Lateral interbody cages have been proven useful in spinal fusions. Spanning both lateral cortical rims while sparing the Anterior Longitudinal Ligament, the lateral interbody cages restore and maintain disc height while adding stability prior to supplemental fixation. The standard approach for their insertion is by a 90-degree lateral transpsoas method. This is relatively bloodless compared to other techniques although has its limitations, requiring neuro-monitoring and being, at times, very difficult at L4/5 due to iliac crest obstruction or an anterior plexus position...
December 2016: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097198/intimal-sarcoma-of-the-descending-aorta-mimicking-aortitis
#12
Angela Pucci, Andrea De Martino, Maurizio Levantino, Raffaella Berchiolli, Fulvio Basolo, Uberto Bortolotti
We describe a 74-year-old male patient with an intimal sarcoma of the descending aorta mimicking aortitis. The patient presented with lower back pain, fever, and increased C-reactive protein, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4) serum levels, together with Staphylococcus epidermidis-positive blood cultures. These findings, together with evidence of a 49-mm pseudoaneurysm of the descending thoracic aorta, caused us to suspect aortitis. However, postoperative histology and immunohistochemistry demonstrated the presence of an intimal aortic sarcoma...
August 2016: Aorta (Stamford, Conn.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097195/rapidly-expanding-infectious-aortic-aneurysm-caused-by-perforated-colon-cancer
#13
Taufiek Konrad Rajab, Daniel E Rinewalt, Michael Belkin, Joel E Goldberg, Haiyang Zhou
A 50-year-old male smoker presented with a perforated colon cancer and underwent an extended right colectomy. Feculent peritonitis was treated with empiric antibiotics. Postoperatively he developed severe back pain and rising leukocytosis. Serial computed tomography revealed a rapidly expanding infrarenal aortic aneurysm. He was urgently treated with extra-anatomic bypasses and aortic resection. No organisms grew from the resected aortic wall. He was discharged in stable condition, and the ileostomy was reversed 9 months later...
August 2016: Aorta (Stamford, Conn.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096928/spontaneous-uretero-sigmoid-fistula-secondary-to-calculus
#14
Ines Marzouk, Makram Moussa, Lotfi Saadallah, Sami Bouchoucha, Lotfi Hendaoui
A 25-year-old man was referred to the urology department after a subacute history of left back pain, burning micturition associated with pneumaturia and fecaluria. Ultrasonography was performed showing hydronephrosis, and plain film radiography demonstrated a long vertical left pelvic calculi. Uro-computed tomography (CT) combined with a water enema CT showed a 10 cm long calculus with the cranial extremity fistulating the sigmoidal wall. Surgical treatment included left nephroureterectomy and sigmoidectomy with a colorectal anastomosis...
November 2016: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096901/exploring-musculoskeletal-injuries-in-the-podiatry-profession-an-international-cross-sectional-study
#15
Cylie M Williams, Stefania Penkala, Peter Smith, Terry Haines, Kelly-Ann Bowles
BACKGROUND: Workplace injury is an international costly burden. Health care workers are an essential component to managing musculoskeletal disorders, however in doing this, they may increase their own susceptibility. While there is substantial evidence about work-related musculoskeletal disorders across the health workforce, understanding risk factors in specific occupational groups, such as podiatry, is limited. The primary aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and intensity of work related low back pain in podiatrists...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096691/pain-acceptance-potentially-mediates-the-relationship-between-pain-catastrophizing-and-post-surgery-outcomes-among-compensated-lumbar-fusion-patients
#16
Cassie Dance, M Scott DeBerard, Jessica Gundy Cuneo
PURPOSE: Chronic low back pain is highly prevalent and often treatment recalcitrant condition, particularly among workers' compensation patients. There is a need to identify psychological factors that may predispose such patients to pain chronicity. The primary aim of this study was to examine whether pain acceptance potentially mediated the relationship between pain catastrophizing and post-surgical outcomes in a sample of compensated lumbar fusion patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients insured with the Workers Compensation Fund of Utah and who were at least 2 years post-lumbar fusion surgery completed an outcome survey...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096690/the-relationship-between-findings-on-magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-previous-history-of-low-back-pain
#17
Juichi Tonosu, Hiroyuki Oka, Ko Matsudaira, Akiro Higashikawa, Hiroshi Okazaki, Sakae Tanaka
The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings and previous low back pain (LBP) in participants without current LBP. Current LBP was defined as LBP during the past month. Previous LBP was defined as a history of medical consultation for LBP. Ninety-one participants without current LBP were included. Sagittal T2-weighted MRI was used to assess the intervertebral space from T12/L1 to L5/S1. These images were classified into five grades based on the Pfirrmann grading system...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096589/water-cooled-radiofrequency-neuroablation-for-sacroiliac-joint-dysfunctional-pain
#18
Binay Kumar Biswas, Samarjit Dey, Saumya Biswas, Varinder Kumar Mohan
Sacroiliac (SI) joint dysfunction is a common source of chronic low-back pain. Recent evidences from different parts of the world suggest that cooled radiofrequency (RF) neuroablation of sacral nerves supplying SI joints has superior pain alleviating properties than available existing treatment options for SI joint dysfunctional pain. A 35-year-old male had intractable bilateral SI joint pain (numeric rating scale [NRS] - 9/10) with poor treatment response to intra-articular steroid therapy. Bilateral water cooled = RF was applied for neuroablation of nerves supplying both SI joints...
October 2016: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096256/chronic-symptoms-in-a-representative-sample-of-community-dwelling-older-people-a-cross-sectional-study-in-switzerland
#19
Yves Henchoz, Christophe Büla, Idris Guessous, Nicolas Rodondi, René Goy, Maurice Demont, Brigitte Santos-Eggimann
OBJECTIVES: The burden of multiple diagnoses is well documented in older people, but less is known about chronic symptoms, many of which are even not brought to medical attention. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of chronic symptoms, their relationships with disability in basic activities of daily living (BADL) and quality of life (QoL), and their public health impact. DESIGN: A large cross-sectional population-based study. SETTING: Community in 2 regions of French-speaking Switzerland...
January 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096253/generic-prognostic-factors-for-musculoskeletal-pain-in-primary-care-a-systematic-review
#20
Majid Artus, Paul Campbell, Christian D Mallen, Kate M Dunn, Danielle A W van der Windt
OBJECTIVES: To summarise the evidence for generic prognostic factors across a range of musculoskeletal (MSK) conditions. SETTING: primary care. METHODS AND OUTCOMES: Comprehensive systematic literature review. MEDLINE, CINAHL, PsychINFO and EMBASE were searched for prospective cohort studies, based in primary care (search period-inception to December 2015). Studies were included if they reported on adults consulting with MSK conditions and provided data on associations between baseline characteristics (prognostic factors) and outcome...
January 17, 2017: BMJ Open
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