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Paediatric surgery

P Ha, C Li, B Shi
The purpose of this study was to investigate the key factors in relation to parent satisfaction with the primary repair of paediatric cleft lip. One hundred and ninety-five children born with cleft lip and/or palate aged between 3 months and 1 year were recruited, along with their caregivers. All patients underwent primary cleft lip repair, and a telephone interview was held with their main caregivers at 3 months postoperative. The level of satisfaction with each item included in a simplified Cleft Evaluation Profile was ascertained and recorded...
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Marina Magnani, Giovanni Trisolino, Stefano Stilli
INTRODUCTION: Idiopathic posttraumatic nonunion is a rare condition in children; the treatment of this complication is still controversial in this peculiar population. CASE REPORT: We report a case of a subcapital type II femoral neck fracture, in a 12-year-old boy, which was initially treated by internal fixation and subsequently went on to a nonunion at the femoral neck, in absence of infection or other disease.1 year after index surgery we performed surgical debridement and refixation with plate and bone allograft, added with autologous bone marrow aspiration concentrate (BMAC) and platelet-rich fibrin (PRF)...
October 15, 2016: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
Vinuta V Patil, Bala H Subramanya, N Kiranchand, S Bala Bhaskar, Srinivasalu Dammur
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: C-MAC(®) video laryngoscope (VL) with Macintosh blade has been found to improve Cormack-Lehane (C-L) laryngoscopic view as well as intubating conditions for orotracheal intubation. However, studies done on the performance of C-MAC(®) VL for nasotracheal intubation (NTI) are very few in number. Hence, we compared laryngoscopy and intubating conditions between Macintosh direct laryngoscope and C-MAC(®) VL for NTI. METHODS: Sixty American Society of Anesthesiologists Physical Status I, II patients, aged 8-18 years, posted for tonsillectomy surgeries under general anaesthesia with NTI were randomised, into two groups...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
R Nirupa, Satinder Gombar, Vanita Ahuja, Preeti Sharma
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: i-gel™ is a newer supraglottic airway device with a unique non-inflatable cuff. We aimed to compare i-gel™ with ProSeal™ laryngeal mask airway (PLMA™) in children scheduled for surgery under general anaesthesia (GA) with controlled ventilation. METHODS: This prospective, randomised controlled study was conducted in 100 surgical patients, aged 2-6 years of American Society of Anesthesiologists Physical Status I-II scheduled under GA. Patients were randomly allocated to receive either size 2 i-gel™ or PLMA™ as an airway device...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
Daniel W Birch, Jerry T Dang, Noah J Switzer, Namdar Manouchehri, Xinzhe Shi, Ghassan Hadi, Shahzeer Karmali
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative hypothermia during both open and laparoscopic abdominal surgery may be associated with adverse events. For laparoscopic abdominal surgery, the use of heated insufflation systems for establishing pneumoperitoneum has been described to prevent hypothermia. Humidification of the insufflated gas is also possible. Past studies on heated insufflation have shown inconclusive results with regards to maintenance of core temperature and reduction of postoperative pain and recovery times...
October 19, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Pier P Bassareo, Ines Monte, Claudia Romano, Martino Deidda, Alessandra Piras, Lucia Cugusi, Carmela Coppola, Francesca Galletta, Giuseppe Mercuro
Notwithstanding the steady progress in survival rates of children and adolescents suffering from cancer, the benefits associated with chemotherapy do not come without risks involving multiple organs and systems, including the cardiovascular apparatus. Anthracyclines-often administered in combination with radiation therapy and/or surgery-are the most used chemotherapeutic compounds in order to treat tumours and blood malignancies even in paediatric age. Being an important side-effect of anthracyclines, carduitoxicity may limit their efficacy during the treatment and induce long-term sequelae, observed even many years after therapy completion...
May 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
James K Hamill, Jamie-Lee Rahiri, Gamage Gunaratna, Andrew G Hill
BACKGROUND: No enhanced recovery after surgery protocol has been published for laparoscopic appendectomy. This was a review of evidence-based interventions that could optimize recovery after appendectomy. METHODS: Interventions for the review Clinical pathway, fast-track or enhanced recovery protocols; needlescopic approach; single incision laparoscopic (SIL) approach; natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES); regional nerve blocks; intraperitoneal local anaesthetic (IPLA); drains...
October 17, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
Geoff Thorning, Peter Robb, Bernadette Ewah, Venugopalapura Shylaja
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
Dana Duricova, Mathurin Fumery, Vito Annese, Peter L Lakatos, Laurent Peyrin-Biroulet, Corinne Gower-Rousseau
The incidence of Crohn's disease (CD) has been reported to increase. The aim of this review is to perform a comprehensive literature search of population-based studies focused on the natural history of paediatric-onset CD. A literature search of English and non-English language publications listed in the electronic database of MEDLINE (source PUBMED) and EMBASE from 1935 to 2016 was performed. Population-based studies or national cohorts reporting data on the short-term or long-term disease course of paediatric CD were included...
September 29, 2016: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Michael H Andreae, Arthur Atchabahian, Aileen M McCrillis, Jerry Y Chao, Suzuko Suzuki, Shlomo Shinnar, Charles B Hall, Richard B Lipton
This is the protocol for a review and there is no abstract. The objectives are as follows: The objective of this review is to compare the effects of regional versus general anaesthesia on cognitive function after procedures other than cardiac surgery or neurosurgery in adult and in paediatric patients.
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Chandni Sinha, Bindey Kumar, Umesh Kumar Bhadani, Ajeet Kumar, Amarjeet Kumar, Alok Ranjan
BACKGROUND: Caudal block is a reliable regional analgesic technique for pediatric urogenital surgeries. Various adjuvants have been tried to enhance the duration of action of bupivicaine. Though clonidine is extensively used as an adjuvant in caudal anaesthesia, it can have troublesome adverse effects like bradycardia, hypotension and sedation. Lately dexamethasone has become popular as an adjuvant in paediatric caudals due to its safety profile. AIM: The aim of this study was to compare dexamethasone and clonidine coadministered with bupivicaine caudally in paediatric patients undergoing urogenital surgeries in terms of analgesia and adverse effects...
September 2016: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
Claudio Spinelli
Thyroid tumors affect all age groups, including children and adolescents. Malignant cancer of the thyroid is a relatively uncommon disease in pediatric age. In the recent decades the incidence of paediatric differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) has increased. DTC in paediatric age is rare and has an excellent prognosis. Compared to adult counterpart, DTC in childhood presents some different features as follows: larger volume at the diagnosis, more frequent multicentricity (both mono- and bilateral), earlier local involvement of soft tissue of the neck, earlier lymph node involvement, distant metastases 3-4 times more frequent (most often in the lungs and almost always functional) and more common post-operatory recurrence; nevertheless, the prognosis of DTC in childhood is better and the survival greater than in adult...
October 13, 2016: Current Pediatric Reviews
Juan Vázquez Estévez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 7, 2016: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
Vilnis Silins, Christopher Brasher, Freedom Antus, Daphné Michelet, Julie Hilly, Robert Grace, Souhayl Dahmani
BACKGROUND: Morphine is the most commonly used postoperative analgesic for moderate to severe pain in paediatric patients, but there is little research into predictive factors correlating with post-operative morphine consumption. METHODS: All patients undergoing surgery who received morphine postoperatively over eight months were prospectively enrolled. Data analysed included total morphine consumption to day 3, age, weight, type of surgery, ASA status, preoperative opioid administration, predicted postoperative pain intensity (according to French Society of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care classification) and surgery duration...
October 4, 2016: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
Kate L Mandeville, Godwin Ulaya, Mylène Lagarde, Adamson S Muula, Titha Dzowela, Kara Hanson
Emigration has contributed to a shortage of doctors in many sub-Saharan African countries. Specialty training is highly valued by doctors and a potential tool for retention. Yet not all types of training may be valued equally. In the first study to examine preferences for postgraduate training in depth, we carried out a discrete choice experiment as part of a cross-sectional survey of all Malawian doctors within seven years of graduation and not yet in specialty training. Over August 2012 to March 2013, 148 doctors took part out of 153 eligible in Malawi...
September 24, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
Edmund Ndudi Ossai, Kenechi Anderson Uwakwe, Uchenna Chidi Anyanwagu, Ntat Charles Ibiok, Benedict Ndubueze Azuogu, Ngozi Ekeke
BACKGROUND: In resource-poor settings with low doctor-population ratio, there is need for equitable distribution of healthcare workforce. The specialty preferences of medical students determine the future composition of physician workforce hence its relevance in career guidance, healthcare planning and policy formulation. This study was aimed at determining the specialty preferences of final year medical students in medical schools of southeast Nigeria, the gender differences in choice of specialty and the availability of career guidance to the students during the period of training...
October 4, 2016: BMC Medical Education
Sarah Lonie, Paul Baker, Rodrigo P Teixeira
INTRODUCTION: Scald burns, which heal in less than 14 days, are seen to be at low risk of hypertrophic scar (HTS) formation. Consequently surgery is usually reserved for scalds likely to take more than 14 days to heal. With the use of silver based dressings over the past few years, anecdotally, we have observed a tendency to improved healing of scalds with conservative management and reduced need for surgical intervention. We aimed to investigate the effect of overall healing time of paediatric scalds on HTS formation over a five-year period (2011-15)...
October 1, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
M Khalid-Raja, K Tzifa
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the activity of paediatric otolaryngology services required for children with Down's syndrome in a tertiary referral centre. METHODS: A review of the paediatric otolaryngology input for children with Down's syndrome was performed; data were obtained from the coding department for a two-year period and compared with other surgical specialties. RESULTS: Between June 2011 and May 2013, 106 otolaryngology procedures were performed on children with Down's syndrome...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
Elif Demirkilinc Biler, Ayse Yagci, Onder Uretmen, Melis Palamar
We describe 2 paediatric patients who developed large orbital conjunctival epithelium-lined inclusion cysts postsurgery. Case 1 underwent Ahmed glaucoma valve implant surgery 8 months ago and case 2 underwent strabismus surgery 7 years ago. Both cases had either symptomatic strabismus or a mass causing some degree of proptosis or incomitance due to lesions in the intraorbital space. Following total excision of the cysts all associated symptoms were resolved. Conjunctival cysts following ocular surgery can develop anywhere in the anterior segment; however, large orbital cysts following anterior segment surgery are quite rare...
October 4, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
Ekanem N Ekure, Wilson E Sadoh, Fidelia Bode-Thomas, Adeola A Orogade, Adeola B Animasahun, Oluwatoyin O Ogunkunle, Iretiola Babaniyi, Maxwell U Anah, Barbara E Otaigbe, Adebiyi Olowu, Frances Okpokowuruk, Samuel I Omokhodion, Ogechi C Maduka, Uvie U Onakpoya, Daberechi K Adiele, Usman M Sani, Mustapha Asani, Christopher S Yilgwan, Queennette Daniels, Chinyere C Uzodimma, Chika O Duru, Mohammad B Abdulkadir, Joseph K Afolabi, John A Okeniyi
BACKGROUND: Paediatric cardiac services in Nigeria have been perceived to be inadequate but no formal documentation of availability and distribution of facilities and services has been done. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and document the currently available paediatric cardiac services in Nigeria. METHODS: In this questionnaire-based, cross-sectional descriptive study, an audit was undertaken from January 2010 to December 2014, of the personnel and infrastructure, with their distributions according to geopolitical zones of Nigeria...
August 2, 2016: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
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