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Paediatric surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523023/surgical-repair-of-partial-atrioventricular-septal-defect
#1
Tariq Waqar, Muhammad Usman Riaz, Muhammad Shuaib
OBJECTIVE: To review the results of surgical correction of partial atrioventricular septal defect and associated cardiac comorbidities. METHODS: Retrospective case analysis of electronic database of department of paediatrics cardiac surgery, CPEIC, Multan was done. Forty consecutive patients operated for partial atrioventricular septal defect repair from September 2011 to October 2016 were included. Mean age was 14.67±7.96 years. 60% (24) patients were male. Regarding echocardiographic findings, pre-operatively 40% (n=16) had mild, 47...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517958/distance-of-translation-as-a-predictor-of-failure-of-fixation-in-paediatric-supracondylar-fractures
#2
P Holland, A Highcock, C Bruce
INTRODUCTION This study investigates the influence of incomplete reduction of supracondylar fractures on the incidence of loss of reduction requiring reoperation MATERIALS AND METHODS A review of 107 consecutive patients presenting with supracondylar fractures treated with closed reduction and Kirschner wire stabilisation, between January 2011 and March 2013, was conducted. The mean age was 5 years (range 10 months to 12 years). Pre-, intra- and postoperative radiographs were reviewed. All patients who had failure of fixation requiring revision surgery were identified...
May 18, 2017: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516980/modern-management-of-paediatric-obstructive-salivary-disorders-long-term-clinical-experience
#3
P Capaccio, P Canzi, M Gaffuri, A Occhini, M Benazzo, F Ottaviani, L Pignataro
Recent technological improvements in head and neck field have changed diagnostic and therapeutic strategies for salivary disorders. Diagnosis is now based on colour Doppler ultrasonography (US), magnetic resonance (MR) sialography and cone beam 3D computed tomography (CT), and extra- and intracorporeal lithotripsy, interventional sialendscopy and sialendoscopy-assisted surgery are used as minimally invasive, conservative procedures for functional preservation of the affected gland. We evaluated the results of our long-term experience in the management of paediatric obstructive salivary disorders...
April 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516188/management-of-bilateral-wilms-tumours
#4
REVIEW
Alastair J W Millar, Sharon Cox, Alan Davidson
Wilms tumour is named after Max Wilms. It is an embryonal tumour derived from the metanephros. It is the commonest childhood renal tumour and the third commonest paediatric malignancy. Synchronous bilateral Wilms tumours (BWT) represent 4-7% of all Wilms tumours (WT) and present at a younger age than unilateral Wilms tumours. At least 10% of synchronous BWTs have unfavourable histology, and up to 22% are associated with genitourinary abnormalities, aniridia, WAGR syndrome, Denys-Drash syndrome, hemihypertrophy, or one of the other overgrowth syndromes...
May 17, 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515521/comparative-evaluation-of-airtraq%C3%A2-optical-laryngoscope-and-miller-s-blade-in-paediatric-patients-undergoing-elective-surgery-requiring-tracheal-intubation-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Bikramjit Das, Arijit Samanta, Subhro Mitra, Shahin Nikhat Jamil
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The Airtraq™ optical laryngoscope is the only marketed videolaryngoscope for paediatric patients besides the fibre-optic bronchoscope. We hypothesized that intubation would be easier with Airtraq™ compared to Miller blade. Hence, we compared Airtraq™ with the Miller laryngoscope as intubation devices in paediatric patients. METHODS: This prospective, randomized study was conducted in a tertiary care teaching hospital. Sixty children belonging to American Society of Anesthesiologists' Grade I-II, aged 2-10 years, posted for routine surgery requiring tracheal intubation were randomly allocated to undergo intubation using a Miller (n = 30) or Airtraq™ (n = 30) laryngoscope...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511483/a-study-of-morbidity-and-cost-of-peripheral-venous-cannulation-in-neonates-admitted-to-paediatric-surgical-intensive-care-unit
#6
Sushama Raghunath Tandale, Nandini Dave, Madhu Garasia, Shalil Patil, Sandesh Parelkar
INTRODUCTION: Peripheral venous access in sick neonates is indicated for administration of fluids, drugs or nutrients. AIM: We conducted an audit of peripheral venous access in neonates admitted to paediatric surgical intensive care unit to study the morbidity, time spent on cannulation and cost with its use. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred consecutive neonates requiring hospital admission to paediatric surgical intensive care unit in a period of one year were included in the study...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511205/-stability-and-change-of-medical-specialty-of-residents-over-four-years-of-postgraduate-training-in-germany
#7
Hendrik van den Bussche, Stine Ziegler, Lea Krause-Solberg, Martin Scherer
Aim We analyzed medical residents' preferences in Germany with regard to the specialization fields after 4 years of postgraduate training and compared them to their preferences in the years before, e. g. at the end of undergraduate education in a gender comparative perspective, including the influence of parenthood. Methods The study is based on annual postal surveys of students of 7 medical faculties in Germany from their last year of medical school ("Practical Year") until after 4 years of postgraduate training...
May 16, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501462/ray-resection-in-paediatric-population
#8
S Martínez-Álvarez, A Maldonado-Morillo, I Vara-Patudo, C Martínez-González, C Miranda-Gorozarri
AIM: Evaluation of clinical and functional outcome of ray resection in paediatric population and description of key aspects of surgical technique. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of all patients undergoing surgery between 2010-2015. INCLUSION CRITERIA: one or more ray resections of the hand and a minimum of one year follow-up. Evaluation of clinical characteristics, functional and cosmetic results, complications, need for psychological support and patient or family satisfaction...
May 10, 2017: Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495809/comparison-of-enteral-versus-intravenous-potassium-supplementation-in-hypokalaemia-in-paediatric-patients-in-intensive-care-post-cardiac-surgery-open-label-randomised-equivalence-trial-eips
#9
Naveed Ur Rehman Siddiqu, Quratulain Merchant, Babar S Hasan, Arjumand Rizvi, Muneer Amanullah, Amina Rehmat, Anwarul Ul Haq
OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to compare the efficacy of enteral potassium replacement (EPR) and intravenous potassium replacement (IVPR) as first-line therapy. Secondary objectives included comparison of adverse effects and number of doses required to resolve the episode of hypokalaemia. TRIAL DESIGN: The EIPS trial is designed as a randomised, equivalence trial between two treatment arms. STUDY SETTING: The study was conducted at the paediatric cardiac intensive care unit (PCICU) at Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi...
May 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479004/-wilms-tumour-a-review-of-15-years-recent-experience
#10
Laura Illade, Carmen Hernandez-Marques, Maria Cormenzana, Álvaro Lassaletta, Maitane Andión Catalán, David Ruano, Victoria Fioravantti, Luis Madero López
INTRODUCTION: Wilms' tumour is the most frequent renal tumour in children. Multi-modal treatment includes chemotherapy and surgery, with or without radiotherapy. The survival is excellent, with rates exceeding 90%. A review is presented on our experience over the last 15 years of treating Wilms' tumour in Hospital Niño Jesús, Madrid. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on 40 consecutive paediatric patients diagnosed with nephroblastoma between 2002 and 2016 in the Hospital Niño Jesús in Madrid...
May 3, 2017: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471820/prevalence-of-intestinal-complications-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-comparison-between-paediatric-onset-and-adult-onset-patients
#11
Denise Herzog, Nicolas Fournier, Patrick Buehr, Vanessa Rueger, Rebekka Koller, Klaas Heyland, Andreas Nydegger, Christian P Braegger
INTRODUCTION: Intestinal complications in inflammatory bowel disease indicate active inflammation and typically result in the intensification of therapy. AIM: To analyse whether the rates of intestinal complications were associated with age at disease onset. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data from 1506 individuals with Crohn's disease (CD) and 1201 individuals with ulcerative colitis (UC) were obtained from the Swiss inflammatory bowel disease cohort study database, classified into groups on the basis of age at diagnosis (<10, <17, <40 and >40 years of age), and retrospectively analysed...
May 3, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470925/modalities-and-effects-of-left-ventricle-unloading-on-extracorporeal-life-support-a-review-of-the-current-literature
#12
Paolo Meani, Sandro Gelsomino, Eshan Natour, Daniel M Johnson, Hans-Peter Brunner La Rocca, Federico Pappalardo, Elham Bidar, Maged Makhoul, Giuseppe Raffa, Samuel Heuts, Pieter Lozekoot, Suzanne Kats, Niels Sluijpers, Rick Schreurs, Thijs Delnoij, Alice Montalti, Jan Willem Sels, Marcel van de Poll, Paul Roekaerts, Thomas Poels, Eric Korver, Zaheer Babar, Jos Maessen, Roberto Lorusso
INTRODUCTION/AIM: Veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (V-A ECMO) support is increasingly used in refractory cardiogenic shock and cardiac arrest, but is characterized by a rise in afterload of the left ventricle (LV) which may ultimately either further impair or delay cardiac contractility improvement. The aim of this study was to provide a comprehensive overview regarding the different LV venting techniques and results currently available in the literature. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed in the PubMed database: 207 articles published between 1993 and 2016 were included...
May 2017: European Journal of Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468670/the-effect-of-dexmedetomidine-on-cerebral-perfusion-and-oxygenation-in-healthy-piglets-with-normal-and-lowered-blood-pressure-anaesthetized-with-propofol-remifentanil-total-intravenous-anaesthesia
#13
Mai Louise Grandsgaard Mikkelsen, Rikard Ambrus, Rune Rasmussen, James Edward Miles, Helle Harding Poulsen, Finn Borgbjerg Moltke, Thomas Eriksen
BACKGROUND: During anaesthesia and surgery, in particular neurosurgery, preservation of cerebral perfusion and oxygenation (CPO) is essential for normal postoperative brain function. The isolated effects on CPO of either individual anaesthetic drugs or entire anaesthetic protocols are of importance in both clinical and research settings. Total intravenous anaesthesia (TIVA) with propofol and remifentanil is widely used in human neuroanaesthesia. In addition, dexmedetomidine is receiving increasing attention as an anaesthetic adjuvant in neurosurgical, intensive care, and paediatric patients...
May 3, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465710/do-children-with-neurological-disabilities-use-more-inpatient-resources-an-observational-study
#14
Jin-Xi Yuan, Marian McGowan, Irene Hadjikoumi, Buddhi Pant
BACKGROUND: Advances in healthcare have improved the survival of children with neurological disabilities (ND). Studies in the US have shown that children with ND use a substantial proportion of resources in children's hospitals, however, little research has been conducted in the UK. We aimed to test the hypothesis that children with neurological disabilities use more inpatient resources than children without neurological disabilities, and to quantify any significant differences in resource use...
2017: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463966/no-evidence-of-response-bias-in-a-population-based-childhood-cancer-survivor-questionnaire-survey-results-from-the-swiss-childhood-cancer-survivor-study
#15
Corina S Rueegg, Micòl E Gianinazzi, Gisela Michel, Marcel Zwahlen, Nicolas X von der Weid, Claudia E Kuehni
PURPOSE: This is the first study to quantify potential nonresponse bias in a childhood cancer survivor questionnaire survey. We describe early and late responders and nonresponders, and estimate nonresponse bias in a nationwide questionnaire survey of survivors. METHODS: In the Swiss Childhood Cancer Survivor Study, we compared characteristics of early responders (who answered an initial questionnaire), late responders (who answered after ≥1 reminder) and nonresponders...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462639/can-laparoscopy-be-part-of-a-paediatric-surgery-outreach-service
#16
R Peeraully, R Hill, D Colliver, A Williams, S Motiwale, B Davies
INTRODUCTION The aim of this study was to assess the outreach laparoscopic service delivered by four paediatric surgeons to a district general hospital (DGH). METHODS A retrospective review was carried out of all laparoscopic procedures performed in a single DGH between January 2004 and November 2014 by the four paediatric surgeons providing the outreach service. All operations were identified from the electronic theatre system and archived correspondence. Demographic and clinical details were obtained from contemporaneous records...
May 2017: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456774/lung-protection-in-cardio-pulmonary-bypass
#17
A Salameh, W Greimann, M Vollroth, S Dhein, M Bahramsoltani, I Dahnert
Since the invention of the heart-lung machine paediatric cardiac surgery developed rapidly. For correction of complex cardiac malformations the application of a cardio-pulmonary bypass (CPB) has become indispensable but possible negative effects of this technique should not be neglected. Especially, both bypassed organs i.e. heart and lung are not perfused during the procedure and therefore are threatened by ischemia and reperfusion injury. Additionally, CPB was developed with a non-pulsatile flow but there are clinical observations that pulsatile flow might be superior with improved patient outcomes...
February 2017: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455800/global-trends-in-paediatric-robot-assisted-urological-surgery-a-bibliometric-and-progressive-scholarly-acceptance-analysis
#18
Thomas P Cundy, Simon J D Harley, Hani J Marcus, Archie Hughes-Hallett, Sanjeev Khurana
The inaugural robot-assisted urological procedure in a child was performed in 2002. This study aims to catalogue the impact of this technology by utilizing bibliographic data as a surrogate measure for global diffusion activity and to appraise the quality of evidence in this field. A systematic literature search was performed to retrieve all reported cases of paediatric robot-assisted urological surgery published between 2003 and 2016. The status of scientific community acceptance was determined using a newly developed analysis model named progressive scholarly acceptance...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444256/outcomes-after-the-mustard-senning-and-arterial-switch-operation-for-treatment-of-transposition-of-the-great-arteries-in-finland-a-nationwide-4-decade-perspective
#19
Alireza Raissadati, Heta Nieminen, Heikki Sairanen, Eero Jokinen
OBJECTIVES: We analysed nationwide early and late results after the Mustard, Senning and arterial switch operation. METHODS: We included all paediatric patients (<18 years) who underwent a Senning, a Mustard or an arterial switch operation for transposition of the great arteries from 1968 to 2009 in Finland. Data were obtained retrospectively from a paediatric cardiac surgical database and population data from the Finnish national registry. RESULTS: Early mortality (<30 days) was 11% after Mustard and 5% after Senning operation, while the rate decreased from 19% during 1976-1999 to 2% during 2000-2009 for arterial switch patients ( P  < 0...
April 24, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439310/syndesmosis-injuries-in-the-pediatric-and-adolescent-athlete-an-analysis-of-risk-factors-related-to-operative-intervention
#20
D E Kramer, M X Cleary, P E Miller, Y-M Yen, B J Shore
PURPOSE: To review all paediatric ankle syndesmotic injuries occurring at our institution and identify risk factors associated with operative intervention. METHODS: Among 22 873 evaluations for ankle trauma, we found 220 children suffering from syndesmotic injuries (incidence: 0.96%). We recorded demographic data, details of the injury, features on examination and treatment variables. Univariable and multivariable logistic regression modelling was performed to identify risk factors associated with operative intervention...
2017: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
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