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non-coding RNA

K-X Lou, Z-H Li, P Wang, Z Liu, Y Chen, X-L Wang, H-X Cui
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the expression of human long non-coding ribonucleic acid (lncRNA), BRAF-activated non-coding RNA (BANCR) in breast cancer tissues and its effects on the in vitro proliferation, apoptosis, invasion and metastasis of breast cancer cells; also, we investigated its possible mechanism. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The expressions of BANCR in 65 pairs of breast cancer tissues and para-carcinoma normal breast tissues were detected by Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR)...
March 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
S-X Lin, H Jiang, G-Z Xiang, W-R Zhang, Y-H Weng, F-D Qiu, J Wu, H-G Wang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression of human long non-coding ribonucleic acid (RNA) small nucleolar RNA host gene 1 (SNHG1) in laryngeal carcinoma tissues, and to study the effect of SNHG1 on biological functions of laryngeal carcinoma HEp-2 cells. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The expression levels of SNHG1 in 20 pairs of laryngeal carcinoma tissues and para-carcinoma tissues were detected via Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Laryngeal carcinoma cells were transfected with small interfering (si)-SNHG1 transiently using the RNA interference technique...
March 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
X Yang, W Zhang, S-Q Cheng, R-L Yang
OBJECTIVE: To clarify the role of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) GACAT3 in invasion and metastasis of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and its effect on radiotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The expression of GACAT3 and TIMP2 in cells and tissues of NSCLC were detected by quantitative Real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). The influence of GACAT3 on cell proliferation and the capacity of colony formation were estimated by MTT test and colony forming experiment respectively. Luciferase reporting assay was used to confirm the correlation between GACAT3 and TIMP2...
March 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
J-L Li, R Li, Y Gao, W-C Guo, P-X Shi, M Li
OBJECTIVE: Preeclampsia is one of the leading causes of maternal and perinatal deaths. This study mainly explored the mechanism of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) CCAT1 expression in the placenta of preeclampsia patients and its effect on the progression of preeclampsia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used quantitative reverse transcription PCR (qRT‑PCR) to detect the lncRNA CCAT1 expression in 40 preeclampsia and 40 normal pregnancy placenta samples. CCAT1 expression and its relationship with the clinicopathological parameters of preeclampsia was statistically analyzed...
March 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Yanwei Xing, Zhiwei Zhao, Yuekun Zhu, Liangliang Zhao, Anlong Zhu, Daxun Piao
The objective of this study was to identify potentially significant genes and long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in colon cancer for a panel of lncRNA signatures that could be used as prognostic markers for colon adenocarcinoma (COAD) based on the data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). RNA-seq V2 exon data of COAD were downloaded from the TCGA data portal for 285 tumor samples and 41 normal tissue samples adjacent to tumors. Differentially expressed mRNAs and lncRNAs were identified. A functional enrichment analysis of differentially expressed mRNAs was performed, followed by protein-protein interaction (PPI) network construction and significant module selection...
May 2018: Oncology Reports
Junhong Li, Ruofei Liang, Chen Song, Yufan Xiang, Yanhui Liu
Growing evidence from recent studies have revealed that long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) might be a useful prognostic biomarker for glioma; we therefore conducted the current meta-analysis to evaluate prognostic and clinicopathological predictive value of lncRNA expression for glioma patients. Eligible studies were identified through multiple research strategies in PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library up to May 2017. Pooled hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were utilized to calculate patient's survival...
March 21, 2018: Neurosurgical Review
Jian Weng, Peixun Zhang, Xiaofeng Yin, Baoguo Jiang
Peripheral nerve injury (PNI) usually leads to progressive muscle atrophy and poor functional recovery. Previous studies have demonstrated that non-coding ribonucleic acid (ncRNA) is a key regulator of muscle atrophy and beneficial for the treatment of PNI. We aimed to analyze the whole transcriptome involved in denervated muscle atrophy after PNI. Animal models of sciatic nerve injury were assessed at 0 (control group), 1, 2, 4, and 8 weeks after injury. The expression patterns in the whole transcriptome in the gastrocnemius muscle were profiled using RNA sequencing at each time point and compared to that obtained in the control group...
2018: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
Jinfang Zhang, Lijuan Wei, Jun Jiang, Annaliese S Mason, Haojie Li, Cheng Cui, Liang Chai, Benchuan Zheng, Yongqing Zhu, Qing Xia, Liangcai Jiang, Donghui Fu
Non-coding RNA (ncRNA) is abundant in plant genomes, but is poorly described with unknown functionality in most species. Using whole genome RNA sequencing, we identified 1885, 1910 and 1299 lncRNAs and 186, 157 and 161 miRNAs at the whole genome level in the three Brassica species B. napus, B. oleracea and B. rapa, respectively. The lncRNA sequences were divergent between the three Brassica species. One quarter of lncRNAs were located in tandem repeat (TR) region. The expression of both lncRNAs and miRNAs was strongly biased towards the A rather than the C subgenome in B...
March 21, 2018: Scientific Reports
Ji-Hye Ahn, Hyun-Sung Lee, Ju-Seog Lee, Yeon-Su Lee, Jong-Lyul Park, Seon-Young Kim, Jung-Ah Hwang, Nawapol Kunkeaw, Sung Yun Jung, Tae Jin Kim, Kwang-Soo Lee, Sung Ho Jeon, Inhan Lee, Betty H Johnson, Jung-Hye Choi, Yong Sun Lee
Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) signaling and microRNAs (miRNAs) are important gene regulatory components in cancer. Usually in advanced malignant stages, TGF-β signaling is elevated but global miRNA expression is suppressed. Such a gene expression signature is well illustrated in a fibrosis (or mesenchymal) subtype of ovarian cancer (OC) that is of poor prognosis. However, the interplay between the two pathways in the OC subtype has not yet been elucidated. nc886 is a recently identified non-coding RNA implicated in several malignancies...
March 21, 2018: Nature Communications
Stefan Bresson, David Tollervey
Eukaryotic cells synthesize enormous quantities of RNA from diverse classes, most of which are subject to extensive processing. These processes are inherently error-prone, and cells have evolved robust quality control mechanisms to selectively remove aberrant transcripts. These surveillance pathways monitor all aspects of nuclear RNA biogenesis, and in addition remove nonfunctional transcripts arising from spurious transcription and a host of non-protein-coding RNAs (ncRNAs). Surprisingly, this is largely accomplished with only a handful of RNA decay enzymes...
March 2018: Open Biology
Haisong Yang, Tengxiang Chen, Shu Xu, Shiyong Zhang, Mengmeng Zhang
Breast cancer is the most common malignant tumor in women. Recently, long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been proposed as critical regulators in biological processes, including tumorigenesis. FOXC2-AS1, a single antisense oligonucleotide RNA transcribed from the negative strand of Forkhead box protein C2 (FOXC2), has been identified as oncogene in osteosarcoma. In the present study, we investigated the prognosis value and biological role of FOXC2-AS1 in breast cancer (BC). Our findings revealed that FOXC2-AS1 was significantly increased in BC tissues and cell lines, and Kaplan-Meier survival analysis indicated that high level of FOXC2-AS1 was associated with poor prognosis of BC patients...
March 21, 2018: Oncology Research
Christiana Leimena, Hongyu Qiu
Hypertension is a complex, multifactorial disease that involves the coexistence of multiple risk factors, environmental factors and physiological systems. The complexities extend to the treatment and management of hypertension, which are still the pursuit of many researchers. In the last two decades, various genes have emerged as possible biomarkers and have become the target for investigations of specialized drug design based on its risk factors and the primary cause. Owing to the growing technology of microarrays and next-generation sequencing, the non-protein-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) have increasingly gained attention, and their status of redundancy has flipped to importance in normal cellular processes, as well as in disease progression...
March 21, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Inuk Jung, Hyejin Kang, Jang Uk Kim, Hyeonsook Chang, Sun Kim, Woosuk Jung
BACKGROUND: Ginseng is a popular traditional herbal medicine in north-eastern Asia. It has been used for human health for over thousands of years. With the rise in global temperature, the production of Korean ginseng (Panax ginseng C.A.Meyer) in Korea have migrated from mid to northern parts of the Korean peninsula to escape from the various higher temperature related stresses. Under the high ambient temperature, vegetative growth was accelerated, which resulted in early flowering. This precocious phase change led to yield loss...
March 19, 2018: BMC Systems Biology
Wudian Xiao, Yongsong Hu, Yan Tong, Mingcheng Cai, Hongbing He, Buwei Liu, Yu Shi, Jie Wang, Yinghe Qin, Songjia Lai
Emerging evidences suggest that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play important role in disease development. However, the role of rabbit lncRNAs in the pathogenesis of dermatophytosis remains elusive. The present study aimed to study and characterize lncRNA transcriptome in 8 T. mentagrophytes-induced female rabbit dermatophytosis lesional (TM) and 4 normal saline-infected (NS) skin biopsies using RNAseq. We identified 5883 lncRNAs in 12 strand-specific RNA-seq libraries and found 64 differentially expressed lncRNAs (q < 0...
March 20, 2018: Functional & Integrative Genomics
A-K Reinhold, E Jentho, S T Schäfer, M Bauer, H L Rittner
Epigenetics, i.e. an altered reading of the genome without altering the genes themselves is a growing scientific field. A distinction is made between changes in the DNA by modification of the histones and non-coding RNA that alter the messenger (m)RNAs. Epigenetic modifications can be triggered by personal circumstances or other external factors and therefore influence the occurrence of diseases. Epigenetics are therefore of particular interest to anesthesiologists, pain specialists and intensive care physicians, as anesthetic drugs may have a long-term influence on protein transcription leading for example to alterations in neurocognition after anesthesia, chronification of postoperative pain and immune response in sepsis...
March 20, 2018: Der Anaesthesist
Keshi Ma, Wenshuo Shi, Mengyue Xu, Jiaxi Liu, Feixiong Zhang
It remains unclear whether plant lncRNAs are responsive to Ca2+ -channel blocking. When using the Ca2+ -channel blocker, LaCl3 , to treat germinated wheat seeds for 24 h, we found that both root length and mitosis were inhibited in the LaCl3 -treated groups. The effect of the Ca2+ -channel blocker was verified in three ways: a [Ca2+ ]cyt decrease detected using Fluo-3/AM staining, a decrease in the Ca content measured using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry, and an inhibition of Ca2+ influx detected using Non-invasive Micro-test Technology...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Zhu Kun-Peng, Ma Xiao-Long, Zhang Chun-Lin
Circular RNAs (circRNAs) represent a widespread class of non-coding RNAs generated from back-splicing, with a circular loop structure. Many circRNAs have been reported to play essential roles in cancer development and have the potential to serve as a novel class of biomarkers for clinical diagnosis. However, the role of circRNA in osteosarcoma (OS) remains largely unknown. In the current study, we examined the expression level of circular RNA PVT1 (circPVT1), previously screened and identified the oncogenic role in gastric cancer, in OS and found that circPVT1 was significantly up-regulated in the OS tissues, serums and chemoresistant cell lines, correlated with poor prognosis of OS patients...
2018: International Journal of Biological Sciences
Yan Li, Wenwen Zhang, Pengying Liu, Yumei Xu, Lin Tang, Weiwei Chen, Xiaoxiang Guan
Introduction: FENDRR is a long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) that mediates the modification of the epigenetic landscape of target promoters by binding to polycomb repressive complex 2. However, the role of FENDRR in breast cancer remains unknown. Materials and methods: We detected the expression of FENDRR in 52 breast cancer patients' tissues and five breast cancer cell lines. The association between FENDRR expression and clinicopathological features and prognosis of breast cancer patients was also analyzed...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
Zhifu Sun, Asha Nair, Xianfeng Chen, Naresh Prodduturi, Junwen Wang, Jean-Pierre Kocher
A correction to this article has been published and is linked from the HTML and PDF versions of this paper. The error has not been fixed in the paper.
March 20, 2018: Scientific Reports
Lian Hu, Hong Zeng, Nenghui Liu
To investigate the expression of H19 long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) and zinc finger E-box-binding protein 1 (ZEB1) in the trophoblast of women with spontaneous abortion.
 Methods: A total of 20 women underwent miscarriage were enrolled as a miscarriage group, while 20 women underwent artificial abortion were enrolled as a control group. Reverse transcriptional fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) was used to detect the expression of H19 lncRNA and miR-200, and Western blot was used to detect the expression of ZEB1...
February 28, 2018: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
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