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Chiropractic Subluxation

Stanley I Innes, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde, Bruce F Walker
BACKGROUND: The incorporation of evidence-based practice (EBP) is widely recognised as a necessary process for entry-level health professional training. Accreditation documents reflect the practice standards of health professions. No previous study has assessed the extent to which EBP has been taken up by chiropractic regulatory/licencing authorities, known as Councils on Chiropractic Education (CCEs), around the world. The purposes of this study were to examine CCEs' educational standards for signs of a positive and negative approach to EBP as indicated by the prevalence and use of the words evidence, research, subluxation and vitalism, and to make recommendations if significant deficiencies were found...
2016: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
Brian Budgell
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to analyze the curriculum of one chiropractic college in order to discover if there were any implicit consensus definitions of the term subluxation. METHODS: Using the software WordSmith Tools, the corpus of an undergraduate chiropractic curriculum was analyzed by reviewing collocated terms and through discourse analysis of text blocks containing words based on the root 'sublux.' RESULTS: It was possible to identify 3 distinct concepts which were each referred to as 'subluxation:' i) an acute or instantaneous injurious event; ii) a clinical syndrome which manifested post-injury; iii) a physical lesion, i...
June 2016: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
Samuel Homola
Chiropractors commonly treat children for a variety of ailments by manipulating the spine to correct a 'vertebral subluxation' or a 'vertebral subluxation complex' alleged to be a cause of disease. Such treatment might begin soon after a child is born. Both major American chiropractic associations - the International Chiropractic Association and the American Chiropractic Association - support chiropractic care for children, which includes subluxation correction as a treatment or preventive measure. I do not know of any credible evidence to support chiropractic subluxation theory...
February 2016: Bioethics
Joel Alcantara, Joey D Alcantara, Junjoe Alcantara
OBJECTIVE: Chiropractors have long advocated on the benefits of breastfeeding and given the realized and potential role of chiropractors in the care of infants with breastfeeding difficulties, we performed this review of the literature on the subject to inform clinical practice. METHODS: For this article, we searched Pubmed [1966-2013], Manual, Alternative and Natural Therapy Index System (MANTIS) [1964-2013] and Index to Chiropractic Literature [1984-2013] for the relevant literature...
November 2015: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
Sandro Mandolesi, Giuseppe Marceca, Jon Moser, Tarcisio Niglio, Aldo d'Alessandro, Matteo Marco Ciccone, Annapaola Zito, Dimitri Mandolesi, Alessandro d'Alessandro, Francesco Fedele
PURPOSE: The aim of the study is to evaluate the clinical and X-ray results of the Upper Cervical Chiropractic care through the specific adjustments (corrections) of C1-C2 on patients with chronic venous cerebral-spinal insufficiency (CCSVI) and multiple sclerosis (MS). METHOD: We studied a sample of 77 patients before and after the Upper Cervical Chiropractic care, and we analyzed: A) The change of the X-ray parameters; B) The clinical results using a new set of questions...
May 2015: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
H Charles Woodfield, Craig York, Roderic P Rochester, Scott Bales, Mychal Beebe, Bryan Salminen, Jeffrey N Scholten
Presented here is a narrative review of upper cervical procedures intended to facilitate understanding and to increase knowledge of upper cervical chiropractic care. Safety, efficacy, common misconceptions, and research are discussed, allowing practitioners, chiropractic students, and the general public to make informed decisions regarding utilization and referrals for this distinctive type of chiropractic care. Upper cervical techniques share the same theoretical paradigm in that the primary subluxation exists in the upper cervical spine...
June 2015: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
Jordan A Gliedt, Cheryl Hawk, Michelle Anderson, Kashif Ahmad, Dinah Bunn, Jerrilyn Cambron, Brian Gleberzon, John Hart, Anupama Kizhakkeveettil, Stephen M Perle, Michael Ramcharan, Stephanie Sullivan, Liang Zhang
BACKGROUND: The literature pertaining to chiropractic students' opinions with respect to the desired future status of the chiropractic physician is limited and is an appropriate topic worthy of study. A previous pilot study was performed at a single chiropractic college. This current study is an expansion of this pilot project to collect data from chiropractic students enrolled in colleges throughout North America. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to investigate North American chiropractic students' opinions concerning professional identity, role and future...
2015: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
Aaron A Puhl, Christine J Reinhart, Jon B Doan, Marion McGregor, H Stephen Injeyan
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to determine if faction membership among Canadian doctors of chiropractic (DCs) is associated with differences in educational program characteristics among English-speaking Canadian and United States chiropractic colleges and to determine if those differences are expressed in terms of surveyed attitudes and behaviors regarding treatment efficacy, radiographic imaging, vaccinations, and interprofessional referrals. This study also aims to identify if educational programs may be a potential source of multiple professional identities...
November 2014: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
Kenneth J Young
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate publicly available information of chiropractic technique systems that advocate radiography for subluxation detection to identify links between chiropractic technique systems and to describe claims made of the health effects of the osseous misalignment component of the chiropractic subluxation and radiographic paradigms. METHODS: The Internet and publicly available documents were searched for information representing chiropractic technique systems that advocate radiography for subluxation detection...
December 2014: Journal of Chiropractic Humanities
Kenneth John Young
BACKGROUND: Chiropractic technique systems have been historically documented to advocate overutilization of radiography. Various rationales for this have been explored in the literature. However, little consideration has been given to the possibility that the healthcare belief system of prominent early chiropractors may have influenced the use of the diagnostic modality through the years. The original rationale was the visualisation of chiropractic subluxations, defined as bones slightly out of place, pressing on nerves, and ultimately causing disease...
2014: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
David R Seaman, Jonathan R Soltys
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this commentary is to discuss potential 5 factors within straight chiropractic philosophy and practice that may prevent Medicare compliance. DISCUSSION: The national Medicare Benefit Policy Manual and the Florida Local Coverage Determination were reviewed to identify documentation and conceptual issues regarding chiropractic practice. Five Medicare positions were contrasted with tenets of straight chiropractic philosophy. Based on Medicare's documentation requirements, Medicare defines subluxation and chiropractic practice from the perspective of treating spinal pain and related functional disability...
December 2013: Journal of Chiropractic Humanities
Aaron B Welk, Kettner Norman W
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this report is to describe a case of an aneurysmal bone cyst presenting as a pathologic fracture in a young athlete. CASE REPORT: A 12-year-old patient presented to a chiropractic teaching clinic with a 1-week history of posterior neck pain and stiffness following a helmet-to-helmet collision in football practice. Cervical spine radiographs were taken. Lateral view radiograph demonstrated a pathologic fracture through a lytic, expansive lesion in the posterior arch of C7 with mild subluxation of the C7/T1 apophyseal joints and angulation of the C7/T1 disk space...
March 2014: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
Brian A Rothbart
The purpose of this series of case studies was to determine if the frontal plane position of the cranial bones and atlas could be altered using dental orthotics, prescriptive insoles, or both concurrently. The cranial radiographs of four patients were reviewed for the study. Three of the patients were diagnosed as having a temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dysfunction and a preclinical clubfoot deformity. The fourth patient was diagnosed as having a TMJ dysfunction, a preclinical clubfoot deformity and a Catetgory II sacral occipital subluxation, as designated in the chiropractic's Sacro Occipital Technique (SOT)...
October 2013: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Mark J Bigland, Brian S Budgell, Philip S Bolton
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: One theory within chiropractic proposes that vertebral subluxation in the upper cervical region induces spinal cord compression sufficient to alter spinal cord efferent output. We report on the feasibility of three different experimental approaches to test this theory. METHODS: A high threshold electrical-evoked somatosympathetic reflex was recorded in adrenal or renal nerves of 10 anaesthetized adult male rats before and after (1) graded pressure was applied directly to the C1/C2 spinal cord segment in eight rats by the use of either direct compression or inflation of an extradural balloon and (2) displacement, less than a dislocation applied posterior to anterior, to the C2 vertebra in two rats...
June 1, 2015: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Brian Gleberzon, Marlee Lameris, Catherine Schmidt, Jillian Ogrady
The Palmers espoused anti-vaccination opinions in the early part of the 20(th) century, rejecting the germ theory of disease in favor of a worldview that a subluxation-free spine, achieved by spinal adjustments, would result in an unfettered innate intelligence; this, along with other healthful lifestyle choices, would allow a person to thwart disease by marshaling the body's natural recuperative abilities. Some chiropractors continue to staunchly champion the Palmer postulates, while others do not. At the national level, advocacy organizations publish conflicting position statements...
September 2013: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
Brian S Budgell, Alice Kwong, Neil Millar
This study investigates how the language of chiropractic has changed over time. A collection of material, published up until approximately 1950 and consisting of textbooks, monographs and lecture notes from Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College, was analyzed to identify commonly occurring words and phrases. The results were compared to a corpus of recent articles from the Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association. This permitted the identification of words which were over-represented in the historical literature and therefore likely have become somewhat archaic or represent themes which are of less import in the modern chiropractic literature...
March 2013: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
Brian Gleberzon, Kent Stuber
BACKGROUND: Students learn a plethora of physical examination and manual therapy procedures over the course of their chiropractic education. However, it is uncertain to what extent they continue to use these procedures in practice after graduation. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine which diagnostic and therapeutic procedures of the spine are most commonly utilized by chiropractors practicing in Ontario. In Part 1 of this study (presented here), the demographics and practice patterns of the respondents are presented...
March 2013: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
Robert Cooperstein
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to perform a secondary analysis using modified methods of previously reported data to analyze the amount of examiner concordance in the Johnston and Friedman percussion scan of the most fixated spinal level. METHOD: A 2001 study evaluated interexaminer reliability of the percussive method of Johnston and Friedman for detecting altered segmental mobility (somatic dysfunction, spinal/segmental dysfunction, or chiropractic subluxation) in the thoracic spine...
September 2012: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
Jordan A Gliedt, Shaun Briggs, Joshua S M Williams, Derek P Smith, Joseph Blampied
PURPOSE: Research encompassing the characteristics of chiropractic students is limited. The purpose of our study was to evaluate a current chiropractic student population enrolled at a chiropractic college concerning demographics, expectations, and beliefs. METHODS: A 44-item survey was administered to volunteer participants. Direct verbal interaction in a classroom setting to potential participants was the recruitment strategy used. Data were collected and stored on a safe network...
2012: Journal of Chiropractic Education
Claire Johnson
The term subluxation has come to have different meanings for different health care professions in the United States for over the past century. This controversy has resulted in some contention both internal and external to the chiropractic profession. Some current factions within the chiropractic profession hold the term subluxation to be synonymous with the identity of chiropractic itself; however, this term was not solely used by chiropractic during its formative years. The purpose of this article is to look at uses of the term by various professions (osteopathy, medicine, and chiropractic) at the turn of the century, a time in which the chiropractic profession was developing...
December 2011: Journal of Chiropractic Humanities
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