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Chiropractic Subluxation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932388/appeal-to-fear-in-health-care-appropriate-or-inappropriate
#1
J Keith Simpson
AIM: This paper examines appeal to fear in general: its perceived positive aspects, its negative characteristics, its appropriate as well as its fallacious use. BACKGROUND: Appeal to fear is a commonly used marketing method that attempts to change behaviour by creating anxiety in those receiving a fearful message. It is regularly used in public health initiatives such as anti-smoking, anti-drunk driving campaigns as well as in hypertension awareness campaigns. Some chiropractors appear to use appeal to fear to promote subluxation awareness and thereby encourage the use of chiropractic treatment...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729900/unravelling-functional-neurology-a-scoping-review-of-theories-and-clinical-applications-in-a-context-of-chiropractic-manual-therapy
#2
REVIEW
Anne-Laure Meyer, Amanda Meyer, Sarah Etherington, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde
BACKGROUND: Functional Neurology (FN), a seemingly attractive treatment approach used by some chiropractors, proposes to have an effect on a multitude of conditions but some of its concepts are controversial. OBJECTIVES AND DESIGN: A scoping review was performed to describe, in the context of chiropractic manual therapy, 1) the FN theories, and 2) its clinical applications (i.e. its indications, examination procedures, treatment modalities, treatment plans, and clinical outcomes) using four sources: i) one key textbook, ii) the scientific peer-reviewed literature, iii) websites from chiropractors using FN, and iv) semi-structured interviews of chiropractors using FN...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503293/historical-influence-on-the-practice-of-chiropractic-radiology-part-ii-thematic-analysis-on-the-opinions-of-diplomates-of-the-american-chiropractic-college-of-radiology-about-the-future
#3
Kenneth J Young
BACKGROUND: Over the past 20 years, various authors have addressed the question of the future of chiropractic. Most were positive about the future, with some advocating evidence-based practice and integration with mainstream healthcare, some advocating continued separation with an emphasis on subluxation-based care or the traditional/historical paradigm of chiropractic, and some calling for tolerance and unity. No papers were found specifically inquiring about the future of chiropractic radiology...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503292/historical-influence-on-the-practice-of-chiropractic-radiology-part-i-a-survey-of-diplomates-of-the-american-chiropractic-college-of-radiology
#4
Kenneth J Young
BACKGROUND: It is known that not all chiropractors follow mainstream guidelines on the use of diagnostic ionising radiation. Various reasons have been discussed in the literature, including using radiography to screen for congenital anomalies, to perform postural analysis, to search for contraindications to spinal manipulation, and to document chiropractic subluxations, i.e., tiny anatomical displacements of vertebrae thought to affect nerves and health. The visualisation of subluxations was the reason chiropractic first adopted the x-ray in 1910...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289539/contextually-aided-recovery-care-a-scientific-theory-for-innate-healing
#5
Dave Newell, Lise R Lothe, Timothy J L Raven
BACKGROUND: The chiropractic profession emerged when scientific explanations for causes of health and disease were still in infancy and the co-existence of notions such as innate healing and vitalism were perhaps admissible within such a historical context. Notwithstanding, within the scientific culture of the 21(st) Century all healthcare paradigms require evidential support which in regard these early concepts are in large part, absent. Nevertheless, a large body of emerging scientific evidence supports the existence of innate healing phenomena that may explain a plethora of clinical outcomes observed during chiropractic care...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920618/analysis-and-adjustment-of-vertebral-subluxation-as-a-separate-and-distinct-identity-for-the-chiropractic-profession-a-commentary
#6
REVIEW
John Hart
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper is to discuss various statements related to chiropractic identity from(1) D. D. Palmer(2); selected chiropractic organizations, associations, and colleges; and(3) attitudes and perceptions of chiropractic from chiropractic students, practitioners, and patients. DISCUSSION: For comparison purposes, identity statements and perceptions from the various chiropractic associations and colleges, as well as from students and patients, were explored...
December 2016: Journal of Chiropractic Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920617/chiropractic-identity-a-neurological-professional-and-political-assessment
#7
REVIEW
Anthony L Rosner
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to propose a focused assessment of the identity of chiropractic and its profession, triangulating multiple viewpoints converging upon various aspects and definitions of neurology, manual medicine, and alternative or mainstream medicine. DISCUSSION: Over 120 years since its inception, chiropractic has struggled to achieve an identity for which its foundations could provide optimal health care. Despite recognition of the benefits of spinal manipulation in various government guidelines, advances in US military and Veterans Administration, and persistently high levels of patient satisfaction, the chiropractic profession remains underrepresented in most discussions of health care delivery...
December 2016: Journal of Chiropractic Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920616/chiropractic-identity-in-the-united-states-wisdom-courage-and-strength
#8
REVIEW
Christopher J Good
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper was to discuss the chiropractic profession's identity and 3 contentious issues related to identity. DISCUSSION: The various clinical specialties and independent groups in the chiropractic profession are so different in their beliefs, practice styles, and political agendas that a common identity is unlikely to be created. Areas of disagreement, including advanced practice, vertebral subluxation, and the philosophy of chiropractic, continue to separate those in the profession...
December 2016: Journal of Chiropractic Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27597887/how-comprehensively-is-evidence-based-practice-represented-in-councils-on-chiropractic-education-cce-educational-standards-a-systematic-audit
#9
Stanley I Innes, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde, Bruce F Walker
BACKGROUND: The incorporation of evidence-based practice (EBP) is widely recognised as a necessary process for entry-level health professional training. Accreditation documents reflect the practice standards of health professions. No previous study has assessed the extent to which EBP has been taken up by chiropractic regulatory/licencing authorities, known as Councils on Chiropractic Education (CCEs), around the world. The purposes of this study were to examine CCEs' educational standards for signs of a positive and negative approach to EBP as indicated by the prevalence and use of the words evidence, research, subluxation and vitalism, and to make recommendations if significant deficiencies were found...
2016: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27385839/subluxation-and-semantics-a-corpus-linguistics-study
#10
Brian Budgell
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to analyze the curriculum of one chiropractic college in order to discover if there were any implicit consensus definitions of the term subluxation. METHODS: Using the software WordSmith Tools, the corpus of an undergraduate chiropractic curriculum was analyzed by reviewing collocated terms and through discourse analysis of text blocks containing words based on the root 'sublux.' RESULTS: It was possible to identify 3 distinct concepts which were each referred to as 'subluxation:' i) an acute or instantaneous injurious event; ii) a clinical syndrome which manifested post-injury; iii) a physical lesion, i...
June 2016: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26806448/pediatric-chiropractic-care-the-subluxation-question-and-referral-risk
#11
Samuel Homola
Chiropractors commonly treat children for a variety of ailments by manipulating the spine to correct a 'vertebral subluxation' or a 'vertebral subluxation complex' alleged to be a cause of disease. Such treatment might begin soon after a child is born. Both major American chiropractic associations - the International Chiropractic Association and the American Chiropractic Association - support chiropractic care for children, which includes subluxation correction as a treatment or preventive measure. I do not know of any credible evidence to support chiropractic subluxation theory...
February 2016: Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26439932/the-chiropractic-care-of-infants-with-breastfeeding-difficulties
#12
REVIEW
Joel Alcantara, Joey D Alcantara, Junjoe Alcantara
OBJECTIVE: Chiropractors have long advocated on the benefits of breastfeeding and given the realized and potential role of chiropractors in the care of infants with breastfeeding difficulties, we performed this review of the literature on the subject to inform clinical practice. METHODS: For this article, we searched Pubmed [1966-2013], Manual, Alternative and Natural Therapy Index System (MANTIS) [1964-2013] and Index to Chiropractic Literature [1984-2013] for the relevant literature...
November 2015: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26228993/preliminary-results-after-upper-cervical-chiropractic-care-in-patients-with-chronic-cerebro-spinal-venous-insufficiency-and-multiple-sclerosis
#13
Sandro Mandolesi, Giuseppe Marceca, Jon Moser, Tarcisio Niglio, Aldo d'Alessandro, Matteo Marco Ciccone, Annapaola Zito, Dimitri Mandolesi, Alessandro d'Alessandro, Francesco Fedele
PURPOSE: The aim of the study is to evaluate the clinical and X-ray results of the Upper Cervical Chiropractic care through the specific adjustments (corrections) of C1-C2 on patients with chronic venous cerebral-spinal insufficiency (CCSVI) and multiple sclerosis (MS). METHOD: We studied a sample of 77 patients before and after the Upper Cervical Chiropractic care, and we analyzed: A) The change of the X-ray parameters; B) The clinical results using a new set of questions...
May 2015: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26136610/craniocervical-chiropractic-procedures-a-pr%C3%A3-cis-of-upper-cervical-chiropractic
#14
H Charles Woodfield, Craig York, Roderic P Rochester, Scott Bales, Mychal Beebe, Bryan Salminen, Jeffrey N Scholten
Presented here is a narrative review of upper cervical procedures intended to facilitate understanding and to increase knowledge of upper cervical chiropractic care. Safety, efficacy, common misconceptions, and research are discussed, allowing practitioners, chiropractic students, and the general public to make informed decisions regarding utilization and referrals for this distinctive type of chiropractic care. Upper cervical techniques share the same theoretical paradigm in that the primary subluxation exists in the upper cervical spine...
June 2015: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25646145/chiropractic-identity-role-and-future-a-survey-of-north-american-chiropractic-students
#15
Jordan A Gliedt, Cheryl Hawk, Michelle Anderson, Kashif Ahmad, Dinah Bunn, Jerrilyn Cambron, Brian Gleberzon, John Hart, Anupama Kizhakkeveettil, Stephen M Perle, Michael Ramcharan, Stephanie Sullivan, Liang Zhang
BACKGROUND: The literature pertaining to chiropractic students' opinions with respect to the desired future status of the chiropractic physician is limited and is an appropriate topic worthy of study. A previous pilot study was performed at a single chiropractic college. This current study is an expansion of this pilot project to collect data from chiropractic students enrolled in colleges throughout North America. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to investigate North American chiropractic students' opinions concerning professional identity, role and future...
2015: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25439035/relationship-between-chiropractic-teaching-institutions-and-practice-characteristics-among-canadian-doctors-of-chiropractic-a-random-sample-survey
#16
Aaron A Puhl, Christine J Reinhart, Jon B Doan, Marion McGregor, H Stephen Injeyan
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to determine if faction membership among Canadian doctors of chiropractic (DCs) is associated with differences in educational program characteristics among English-speaking Canadian and United States chiropractic colleges and to determine if those differences are expressed in terms of surveyed attitudes and behaviors regarding treatment efficacy, radiographic imaging, vaccinations, and interprofessional referrals. This study also aims to identify if educational programs may be a potential source of multiple professional identities...
November 2014: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25431540/evaluation-of-publicly-available-documents-to-trace-chiropractic-technique-systems-that-advocate-radiography-for-subluxation-analysis-a-proposed-genealogy
#17
Kenneth J Young
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate publicly available information of chiropractic technique systems that advocate radiography for subluxation detection to identify links between chiropractic technique systems and to describe claims made of the health effects of the osseous misalignment component of the chiropractic subluxation and radiographic paradigms. METHODS: The Internet and publicly available documents were searched for information representing chiropractic technique systems that advocate radiography for subluxation detection...
December 2014: Journal of Chiropractic Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25392731/gimme-that-old-time-religion-the-influence-of-the-healthcare-belief-system-of-chiropractic-s-early-leaders-on-the-development-of-x-ray-imaging-in-the-profession
#18
Kenneth John Young
BACKGROUND: Chiropractic technique systems have been historically documented to advocate overutilization of radiography. Various rationales for this have been explored in the literature. However, little consideration has been given to the possibility that the healthcare belief system of prominent early chiropractors may have influenced the use of the diagnostic modality through the years. The original rationale was the visualisation of chiropractic subluxations, defined as bones slightly out of place, pressing on nerves, and ultimately causing disease...
2014: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25067928/straight-chiropractic-philosophy-as-a-barrier-to-medicare-compliance-a-discussion-of-5-incongruent-issues
#19
David R Seaman, Jonathan R Soltys
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this commentary is to discuss potential 5 factors within straight chiropractic philosophy and practice that may prevent Medicare compliance. DISCUSSION: The national Medicare Benefit Policy Manual and the Florida Local Coverage Determination were reviewed to identify documentation and conceptual issues regarding chiropractic practice. Five Medicare positions were contrasted with tenets of straight chiropractic philosophy. Based on Medicare's documentation requirements, Medicare defines subluxation and chiropractic practice from the perspective of treating spinal pain and related functional disability...
December 2013: Journal of Chiropractic Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24711787/aneurysmal-bone-cyst-presenting-as-a-pathologic-fracture-in-a-12-year-old-football-player
#20
Aaron B Welk, Kettner Norman W
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this report is to describe a case of an aneurysmal bone cyst presenting as a pathologic fracture in a young athlete. CASE REPORT: A 12-year-old patient presented to a chiropractic teaching clinic with a 1-week history of posterior neck pain and stiffness following a helmet-to-helmet collision in football practice. Cervical spine radiographs were taken. Lateral view radiograph demonstrated a pathologic fracture through a lytic, expansive lesion in the posterior arch of C7 with mild subluxation of the C7/T1 apophyseal joints and angulation of the C7/T1 disk space...
March 2014: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
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