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Vertebral subluxation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920618/analysis-and-adjustment-of-vertebral-subluxation-as-a-separate-and-distinct-identity-for-the-chiropractic-profession-a-commentary
#1
REVIEW
John Hart
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper is to discuss various statements related to chiropractic identity from(1) D. D. Palmer(2); selected chiropractic organizations, associations, and colleges; and(3) attitudes and perceptions of chiropractic from chiropractic students, practitioners, and patients. DISCUSSION: For comparison purposes, identity statements and perceptions from the various chiropractic associations and colleges, as well as from students and patients, were explored...
December 2016: Journal of Chiropractic Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920616/chiropractic-identity-in-the-united-states-wisdom-courage-and-strength
#2
REVIEW
Christopher J Good
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper was to discuss the chiropractic profession's identity and 3 contentious issues related to identity. DISCUSSION: The various clinical specialties and independent groups in the chiropractic profession are so different in their beliefs, practice styles, and political agendas that a common identity is unlikely to be created. Areas of disagreement, including advanced practice, vertebral subluxation, and the philosophy of chiropractic, continue to separate those in the profession...
December 2016: Journal of Chiropractic Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911229/c-2-arteriovenous-fistula-presenting-as-a-pathologic-hangman-s-fracture-case-report
#3
Rajeev D Sen, Carolina Gesteira Benjamin, Howard A Riina, Donato Pacione
The authors report on an 81-year-old woman with a pathologic hangman's fracture secondary to a complex arteriovenous fistula (AVF). The patient presented with severe, unremitting neck pain and was found to have fractures bilaterally through the pars interarticularis of C-2 with significant anterior subluxation of C-2 over C-3 along with widening of the left transverse foramen. Due to an abnormally appearing left vertebral artery (VA) on CT angiography, the patient underwent conventional angiography, which revealed a complex AVF stemming from the left VA at the level of C-2 with dilated posterior cervical veins and a large venous varix...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817139/three-dimensional-reconstruction-using-stereoradiography-for-evaluating-adult-spinal-deformity-a-reproducibility-study
#4
Emmanuelle Ferrero, Renaud Lafage, Shaleen Vira, Pierre-Yves Rohan, Jonathan Oren, Edward Delsole, Pierre Guigui, Frank Schwab, Virginie Lafage, Wafa Skalli
PURPOSE: In addition to the sagittal alignment, impact of transverse plane parameters (TPP) and rotatory subluxation on patients reported outcomes were highlighted. One of the hypotheses for genesis of degenerative scoliosis is disc degeneration with increased axial vertebral (AVR) and intervertebral rotation (AIR). Therefore, TPP analysis at early stage of the scoliosis seems of particular interest. This study aims at assessing reliability of tridimensional (3D) reconstructions of adult spinal deformity (ASD) patients...
November 5, 2016: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27580972/multi-center-retrospective-evaluation-of-screw-and-polymethylmethacrylate-constructs-for-atlantoaxial-fixation-in-dogs
#5
Megan W Stout Steele, Amy W Hodshon, Andrew L Hopkins, Gaemia M Tracy, Noah D Cohen, Sharon C Kerwin, C Elizabeth Boudreau, William B Thomas, Joseph M Mankin, Jonathan M Levine
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate outcome and adverse events following ventral stabilization of the atlantoaxial (AA) joint in dogs with clinical AA subluxation using screw/polymethymethacrylate (PMMA) constructs in a retrospective, multi-center cohort study. STUDY DESIGN: Historical cohort study. ANIMALS: 35 client-owned dogs. METHODS: Medical records from 3 institutions were reviewed to identify dogs with AA subluxation treated with ventral screw and PMMA constructs...
October 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556268/early-diagnostic-imaging-findings-in-juvenile-dogs-with-presumed-diskospondylitis-10-cases-2008-2014
#6
Robert M Kirberger
OBJECTIVE To describe early diagnostic imaging findings in juvenile dogs with diskospondylitis. DESIGN Retrospective case series. ANIMALS 10 client-owned dogs < 6 months of age. PROCEDURES Medical records were searched to identify juvenile dogs with a presumptive diagnosis of diskospondylitis. Signalment, history, examination findings, diagnostic test results, and imaging procedures were reviewed. Archived diagnostic images were retrieved and retrospectively evaluated. Data analysis was descriptive. RESULTS All dogs were evaluated for signs of vertebral pain ≤ 3 weeks after treatment for blunt trauma, bite wounds, or systemic illness...
September 1, 2016: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27555778/repeated-adjacent-segment-diseases-and-fractures-in-osteoporotic-patients-a-case-report
#7
Hsin-Yao Chen, Chiu-Liang Chen, Wei-Liang Chen
BACKGROUND: Pedicle screw instrumentation for treating spinal disorder is becoming increasingly widespread. Many studies have advocated its use to facilitate rigid fixation for spine; however, adjacent segmental disease is a known complication. Instrumented fusion for osteoporotic spines remains a significant challenge for spine surgeons. Prophylactic vertebroplasty for adjacent vertebra has been reported to reduce the complications of junctional compression fractures but has raised a new problem of vertebral subluxation...
2016: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27292101/airway-management-in-a-patient-with-nuchal-interspinous-and-flavum-ligament-rupture-by-a-sickle-a-case-report
#8
Kotaro Sorimachi, Yuko Ono, Hideo Kobayashi, Kazuyuki Watanabe, Kazuaki Shinohara, Koji Otani
BACKGROUND: Penetrating neck injury is an important trauma subset but is relatively rare, especially when involving the posterior cervical column. Rupture of the neck restraints, including the interspinous and flavum ligaments, can create serious cervical instability that requires special consideration when managing the airway. However, no detailed information regarding airway management in patients with profound posterior neck muscle laceration and direct cervical ligament disruption by an edged weapon is yet available in the literature...
2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27125075/cervical-spine-lesions-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients
#9
Luana-Andreea Macovei, Elena Rezuş
AIM OF THE STUDY: to gather clinical and laboratory data on rheumatoid arthritis patients with cervical spine damage (incidence and prevalence, correlation between duration of disease and the time of lesion onset, to assess signs and symptoms and the role of laboratory investigations). The spine is an axial organ with an important role in support and resistance. It is a pillar with a very complex morphological and functional structure. The vertebral column is crossed by many kinematic chains...
January 2016: Revista Medico-chirurgicală̆ a Societă̆ţ̜ii de Medici ş̧i Naturaliş̧ti Din Iaş̧i
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26970602/successful-nonsurgical-treatment-for-highly-unstable-fracture-subluxation-of-the-spine-secondary-to-myeloma
#10
Karan Malhotra, Darren F Lui, Joseph S Butler, Susanne Selvadurai, Sean Molloy
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: In multiple myeloma, patients may develop rapidly progressive, lytic, spinal lesions. These may result in spinal instability, but instrumented stabilization may fail because of poor bone quality. In addition, patients are immunocompromised and are therefore at increased risk of deep infection. PURPOSE: The aim was to describe a patient presenting with an unstable fracture subluxation of the thoracic spine secondary to myeloma, successfully treated with non-surgical management...
August 2016: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26967987/transdiscal-mid-and-upper-thoracic-vertebroplasty-first-description-of-2-exemplary-cases
#11
Andreas K Filis, Kamran Aghayev, Bernhard Schaller, Jennifer Luksza, Frank D Vrionis
Kyphoplasty and vertebroplasty are established treatment methods to reinforce fractured vertebral bodies. In cases of previous pedicle screw instrumentation, vertebral body cannulation may be challenging. The authors describe, for the first time, an approach through the adjacent inferior vertebra and disc space in the thoracic spine for cement augmentation. A 78-year-old woman underwent posterior fusion with pedicle screws after vertebrectomy and reconstruction with cement and Steinmann pins for a pathological T-7 fracture...
August 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26926471/floating-lateral-mass-fractures-of-the-cervical-spine
#12
Mark W Manoso, Timothy A Moore, Julie Agel, Carlo Bellabarba, Richard J Bransford
STUDY DESIGN: Level I trauma center case series. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was (i) to characterize the floating lateral mass (FLM) fracture with the mechanism of injury, anatomical injury pattern, associated vascular injuries, neurological deficits, and key radiographic features; and (ii) to better understand the most effective method of treatment. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: An uncommon and poorly described subset of unilateral lateral mass fractures is FLM with fractures of the adjacent pedicle and lamina...
September 15, 2016: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26913225/clinical-and-anatomical-features-as-well-as-pathological-conditions-of-surgically-treated-adult-patients-with-occipitalization-of-the-atlas
#13
Yasunori Tatara, Takachika Shimizu, Keisuke Fueki, Masatake Ino, Naofumi Toda, Tetsu Tanouchi, Nodoka Manabe
BACKGROUND: This paper intends to clarify clinical and anatomical features as well as pathological conditions of surgically treated adult patients with occipitalization of the atlas. METHODS: The authors reviewed 12 consecutive adult patients with occipitalization of the atlas who underwent surgery for myleopathy in our hospital. Mainly using preoperative computed tomography and three-dimensional computed tomography angiography, we investigated their anomalies of the osseous structures and vertebral artery at the cervical spine including the craniovertebral junction (CVJ)...
2016: International Journal of Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26806448/pediatric-chiropractic-care-the-subluxation-question-and-referral-risk
#14
Samuel Homola
Chiropractors commonly treat children for a variety of ailments by manipulating the spine to correct a 'vertebral subluxation' or a 'vertebral subluxation complex' alleged to be a cause of disease. Such treatment might begin soon after a child is born. Both major American chiropractic associations - the International Chiropractic Association and the American Chiropractic Association - support chiropractic care for children, which includes subluxation correction as a treatment or preventive measure. I do not know of any credible evidence to support chiropractic subluxation theory...
February 2016: Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26780616/morphological-differences-in-the-vertebrae-of-scoliosis-secondary-to-neurofibromatosis-type-1-with-and-without-paraspinal-neurofibromas
#15
Zongshan Hu, Zhen Liu, Yong Qiu, Leilei Xu, Huang Yan, Zezhang Zhu
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study. OBJECTIVE: Aim of the study was to investigate morphological differences in the vertebrae of scoliosis secondary to neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1-S) with and without paraspinal neurofibromas and to identify the relationship between paraspinal neurofibromas and vertebral deformity. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Scoliosis is the most common orthopedic manifestation of NF1. Erosion or infiltration of the bone by localized neurofibromas was suggested as one of the primary etiology for the vertebral deformity...
April 2016: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26613284/screening-via-ct-angiogram-after-traumatic-cervical-spine-fractures-narrowing-imaging-to-improve-cost-effectiveness-experience-of-a-level-i-trauma-center
#16
Megan M Lockwood, Gabriel A Smith, Joseph Tanenbaum, Daniel Lubelski, Andreea Seicean, Jonathan Pace, Edward C Benzel, Thomas E Mroz, Michael P Steinmetz
OBJECT: Screening for vertebral artery injury (VAI) following cervical spine fractures is routinely performed across trauma centers in North America. From 2002 to 2007, the total number of neck CT angiography (CTA) studies performed in the Medicare population after trauma increased from 9796 to 115,021. In the era of cost-effective medical care, the authors aimed to evaluate the utility of CTA screening in detecting VAI and reduce chances of posterior circulation strokes after traumatic cervical spine fractures...
March 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26563924/ten-year-follow-up-of-acute-arthroscopic-bankart-repair-for-initial-anterior-shoulder-dislocation-in-young-patients
#17
V Chapus, G Rochcongar, V Pineau, É Salle de Chou, C Hulet
INTRODUCTION: Early treatment of initial anterior glenohumeral dislocation in young patients is controversial and the interest of surgery, and notably arthroscopic stabilization, has not been demonstrated. A prospective study was therefore performed to assess (1) short-to-medium-term recurrence rate, (2) functional outcome, and (3) and medium-term osteoarthritis rate. HYPOTHESIS: Early arthroscopic stabilization by anterior capsule-labrum reinsertion after initial anterior shoulder dislocation is associated with low recurrence rate...
December 2015: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26276730/acute-neck-pain-caused-by-septic-arthritis-of-the-lateral-atlantoaxial-joint-with-subluxation-a-case-report
#18
Takashi Kobayashi, Naohisa Miyakoshi, Eiji Abe, Toshiki Abe, Kazuma Kikuchi, Yoichi Shimada
INTRODUCTION: Crystal-induced arthritis of the lateral atlantoaxial joint may be intimately involved in acute neck pain in the elderly. Patients typically have a good prognosis, and symptoms usually subside within a few weeks. On the other hand, septic arthritis of the lateral atlantoaxial joint requires early diagnosis and antibiotic treatment. Diagnostic delay is a risk factor for an unfavorable outcome of vertebral osteomyelitis. Even though septic arthritis of the lateral atlantoaxial joint is a very rare clinical entity, it is important to differentiate septic arthritis from crystal-induced arthritis...
August 15, 2015: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26248342/extra-articular-implant-stabilization-for-locked-atlantoaxial-fracture-subluxation-with-intrusion-on-the-vertebral-artery-a-new-option-in-less-invasive-c2-fracture-repair
#19
Drew A Bednar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2015: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26201553/cervical-subluxation-associated-with-posterior-cervical-hemivertebra
#20
R Otero-López, M Rivero-Garvía, J Márquez-Rivas, J Valencia
PURPOSE: Hemivertebrae, associated with a failure in the formation and fusion of vertebral body ossification nuclei, are a common cause of thoracic or lumbar scoliosis. A cervical location is rare and even rarer as a cause of cervical subluxation in flexion and extension (for which only one previous case has been found). CASE REPORT: We report on the case of a 7-year-old female patient, who was examined for a cervical fusion defect, consisting of a posterior C4 hemivertebra and a left hemiblock from C5 to C7...
February 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
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