keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Infection prevention

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927009/efficacy-and-safety-of-guardcel-nasal-packing-after-endoscopic-sinus-surgery-a-prospective-single-blind-randomized-controlled-study
#1
Byungjin Kang, Jeong-Rok Kim, Jae-Min Shin, Il-Ho Park, Heung-Man Lee
Objectives: Nasal packing after endoscopic sinus surgery is frequently used to control postoperative bleeding, enhance the wound healing process, and prevent lateralization of the middle turbinate, which causes insufficient ventilation. Many biodegradable materials have been developed to reduce pain and mucosal damage during packing removal. The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of Guardcel (Genewel Co.) middle meatal packing with a traditional nonabsorbable middle meatal packing, Merocel (Medtronic Xomed), on wound healing and patient satisfaction...
November 17, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926944/targeting-neutrophils-to-prevent-malaria-associated-acute-lung-injury-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-in-mice
#2
Michelle K Sercundes, Luana S Ortolan, Daniela Debone, Paulo V Soeiro-Pereira, Eliane Gomes, Elizabeth H Aitken, Antonio Condino Neto, Momtchilo Russo, Maria R D' Império Lima, José M Alvarez, Silvia Portugal, Claudio R F Marinho, Sabrina Epiphanio
Malaria remains one of the greatest burdens to global health, causing nearly 500,000 deaths in 2014. When manifesting in the lungs, severe malaria causes acute lung injury/acute respiratory distress syndrome (ALI/ARDS). We have previously shown that a proportion of DBA/2 mice infected with Plasmodium berghei ANKA (PbA) develop ALI/ARDS and that these mice recapitulate various aspects of the human syndrome, such as pulmonary edema, hemorrhaging, pleural effusion and hypoxemia. Herein, we investigated the role of neutrophils in the pathogenesis of malaria-associated ALI/ARDS...
December 2016: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926729/intracellular-allosteric-antagonism-of-the-ccr9-receptor
#3
Christine Oswald, Mathieu Rappas, James Kean, Andrew S Doré, James C Errey, Kirstie Bennett, Francesca Deflorian, John A Christopher, Ali Jazayeri, Jonathan S Mason, Miles Congreve, Robert M Cooke, Fiona H Marshall
Chemokines and their G-protein-coupled receptors play a diverse role in immune defence by controlling the migration, activation and survival of immune cells. They are also involved in viral entry, tumour growth and metastasis and hence are important drug targets in a wide range of diseases. Despite very significant efforts by the pharmaceutical industry to develop drugs, with over 50 small-molecule drugs directed at the family entering clinical development, only two compounds have reached the market: maraviroc (CCR5) for HIV infection and plerixafor (CXCR4) for stem-cell mobilization...
December 7, 2016: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926675/improvement-in-total-joint-replacement-quality-metrics-year-one-versus-year-three-of-the-bundled-payments-for-care-improvement-initiative
#4
John M Dundon, Joseph Bosco, James Slover, Stephen Yu, Yousuf Sayeed, Richard Iorio
BACKGROUND: In January 2013, a large, tertiary, urban academic medical center began participation in the Bundled Payments for Care Improvement (BPCI) initiative for total joint arthroplasty, a program implemented by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) in 2011. Medicare Severity-Diagnosis Related Groups (MS-DRGs) 469 and 470 were included. We participated in BPCI Model 2, by which an episode of care includes the inpatient and all post-acute care costs through 90 days following discharge...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926634/consensus-bundle-on-prevention-of-surgical-site-infections-after-major-gynecologic-surgery
#5
Joseph E Pellegrini, Paloma Toledo, David E Soper, William C Bradford, Deborah A Cruz, Barbara S Levy, Lauren A Lemieux
Surgical site infections are the most common complication of surgery in the United States. Of surgeries in women of reproductive age, hysterectomy is one of the most frequently performed, second only to cesarean birth. Therefore, prevention of surgical site infections in women undergoing gynecologic surgery is an ideal topic for a patient safety bundle. The primary purpose of this safety bundle is to provide recommendations that can be implemented into any surgical environment in an effort to reduce the incidence of surgical site infection...
December 2, 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926618/does-sensory-transcutaneous-electrical-stimulation-prevent-pneumonia-in-the-acute-stage-of-stroke-a-preliminary-study
#6
Satoshi Hamada, Hirofumi Yamaguchi, Hiroyoshi Hara
Acute stroke patients with dysphagia are at risk of developing pulmonary infection, which increases the risk of death. Therefore, optimal management of dysphagia is essential; however, available evidence supporting the effectiveness of dysphagia treatments is limited. Surface electrical stimulation (e-stim) has been developed as a new treatment modality for dysphagia. In this study, we investigated the efficacy of surface sensory e-stim therapy in preventing pulmonary infection in 53 acute stroke patients with dysphagia...
December 6, 2016: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926563/truth-in-reporting-how-data-capture-methods-obfuscate-actual-surgical-site-infection-rates-within-a-health-care-network-system
#7
Liliana Bordeianou, Christy E Cauley, Donna Antonelli, Sarah Bird, David Rattner, Matthew Hutter, Sadiqa Mahmood, Deborah Schnipper, Marc Rubin, Ronald Bleday, Pardon Kenney, David Berger
BACKGROUND: Two systems measure surgical site infection rates following colorectal surgeries: the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Healthcare Safety Network. The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services pay-for-performance initiatives use National Healthcare Safety Network data for hospital comparisons. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare database concordance...
January 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926486/novel-epstein-barr-virus-like-particles-incorporating-gh-gl-ebna1-or-gb-lmp2-induce-high-neutralizing-antibody-titers-and-ebv-specific-t-cell-responses-in-immunized-mice
#8
Elizabeth M Perez, Joslyn Foley, Timelia Tison, Rute Silva, Javier Gordon Ogembo
Previous Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) prophylactic vaccines based on the major surface glycoprotein gp350/220 as an immunogen have failed to block viral infection in humans, suggesting a need to target other viral envelope glycoproteins. In this study, we reasoned that incorporating gH/gL or gB, critical glycoproteins for viral fusion and entry, on the surface of a virus-like particle (VLP) would be more immunogenic than gp350/220 for generating effective neutralizing antibodies to prevent viral infection of both epithelial and B cell lines...
December 1, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925503/persistence-of-protective-anti-hbs-antibody-levels-and-anamnestic-response-to-hbv-booster-vaccination-a-cross-sectional-study-among-healthcare-students-20%C3%A2-years-following-the-universal-immunization-campaign-in-italy
#9
Guglielmo Dini, Alessandra Toletone, Ilaria Barberis, Nicoletta Debarbieri, Emanuela Massa, Chiara Paganino, Francesca Bersi, Alfredo Montecucco, Cristiano Alicino, Paolo Durando
Vaccination against Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) became mandatory in Italy for all newborns and twelve years-old individuals in the 1991. The immunogenicity of HBV vaccine and the effectiveness of the universal immunization strategy have been widely demonstrated. However the need to assess the antibody concentrations above the well known serological correlate of protection for HBV infection (≥ 10 mIU/mL), established in individuals immunized with a three doses vaccination course, is still recommended in subjects exposed to occupational risks in different settings, particularly the healthcare services...
December 7, 2016: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925087/determining-impacts-and-factors-in-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-bundle
#10
Ana Natesia Rodrigues, Luciana Vládia E Cavalhedo Fragoso, Francisca de Melo Beserra, Islane Costa Ramos
Objective: Assessing the determining impacts and factors in ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) bundle. Method: descriptive retrospective longitudinal study, with quantitative approach, held at a public teaching hospital. Collection held between May 2014 and April 2015. Patients of the ICU with VAP participated in the research. For organizing data, the Microsoft Excel 2010 program was used. A critical analysis between the data collected and infection rates was performed...
November 2016: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925068/occurrence-of-neospora-caninum-and-toxoplasma-gondii-antibodies-in-dogs-from-rural-properties-surrounding-a-biological-reserve-espirito-santo-brasil
#11
Igor da Cunha Lima Acosta, Luana D'Avila Centoducatte, Herbert Sousa Soares, Arlei Marcili, Maria Fernanda Naegeli Gondim, João Luiz Rossi, Solange Maria Gennari
The aim of this study was to determine the presence of antibodies to Neospora caninum and Toxoplasma gondii in serum samples of 187 dogs from 30 rural properties surrounding Córrego do Veado Biological Reserve, Espírito Santo State, Brazil. The Reserve is one of the last lowland Atlantic Forest remnants of the region, surrounded by agriculture farms and cattle pastures. The presence of IgG antibodies was determined by the Indirect Fluorescent Antibody Test for T. gondii (cut-off 1:16) and N. caninum (cut-off 1:50)...
December 1, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária, Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924780/activity-of-ergoferon-against-lethal-influenza-a-h3n2-virus-infection-in-mice
#12
Maria A Skarnovich, Alexandra G Emelyanova, Nataliia V Petrova, Alena A Borshcheva, Evgeniy A Gorbunov, Oleg Yu Mazurkov, Maksim O Skarnovich, Sergey A Tarasov, Larisa N Shishkina, Oleg I Epstein
BACKGROUND: The Influenza A virus accounts for serious annual viral upper respiratory tract infections. It is constantly able to modify its antigenic structure, thus evading host defence mechanisms. Moreover, currently available anti-influenza agents have a rather limited application, emphasising the further need for new effective treatments. One of them is Ergoferon, a drug, containing combined polyclonal antibodies - anti-interferon gamma, anti-CD4 receptor, and anti-histamine - in released-active form...
December 7, 2016: Antiviral Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924736/-septic-arthritis-after-intra-articular-injection-is-rare-does-the-taskforce-infection-prevention-use-a-sledgehammer-to-crack-a-nut
#13
M L Bruens, H J van der Zaag-Loonen, F Steenstra, A M Stemerding, S Wijngaarden
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of septic arthritis (SA) after a joint puncture and reconsider the value of the hygiene measures stipulated by the Taskforce Infection Prevention (TIF). DESIGN: Prospective study. METHOD: We determined the number of joint punctures among general practitioners and specialists in the Apeldoorn area during a three-month period (from October 1, 2013 to December 31, 2013). Secondly, we performed an analysis on the incidence of SAs in this period and the subsequent month, and ascertained if these were related to a joint puncture...
2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924676/bacterial-xenophagy-and-its-possible-role-in-cancer-a-potential-antimicrobial-strategy-for-cancer-prevention-and-treatment
#14
Xinbing Sui, Xiao Liang, Liuxi Chen, Chunming Guo, Weidong Han, Hongming Pan, Xue Li
Macroautophagy/autophagy is a conserved catabolic process through which cellular excessive or dysfunctional proteins and organelles are transported to the lysosome for terminal degradation and recycling. Over the past few years increasing evidence has suggested that autophagy is not only a simple metabolite recycling mechanism, but also plays a critical role in the removal of intracellular pathogens such as bacteria and viruses. When autophagy engulfs intracellular pathogens, the pathway is called 'xenophagy' because it leads to the elimination of foreign microbes...
December 7, 2016: Autophagy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924621/change-in-risk-perceptions-and-marijuana-and-cigarette-use-among-african-american-young-adult-females-in-an-hiv-prevention-intervention
#15
Sarah J Javier, Jasmine A Abrams, Melanie P Moore, Faye Z Belgrave
Cigarette smoking and marijuana use have been tied to increased risky sexual behaviors, which may exacerbate risk of HIV transmission and other STIs (sexually transmitted infections). Research suggests that change in general perceptions of risk is associated with change in non-domain-targeted behaviors. The goal of the current study was to determine whether change in general risk perceptions among African American college females enrolled in a culturally-tailored HIV prevention intervention would be associated with decreased cigarette and marijuana use over time...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924468/whether-a-novel-drug-delivery-system-can-overcome-the-problem-of-biofilms-in-respiratory-diseases
#16
REVIEW
Kamal Dua, Shakti D Shukla, Rakesh K Tekade, Philip M Hansbro
Biofilm comprises a community of microorganisms which form on medical devices and can lead to various threatening infections. It is a major concern in various respiratory diseases like cystic fibrosis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, etc. The treatment strategies for such infections are difficult due to the resistance of the microflora existing in the biofilms against various antimicrobial agents, thus posing threats to the patient population. The present era witnesses the beginning of research to understand the biofilm physiology and the associated microfloral diversity by applying -omics approaches...
December 6, 2016: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924434/prophylactic-antibiotics-for-percutaneous-endovascular-procedures
#17
REVIEW
N S Greaves, E Katsogridakis, B Faris, D Murray
Percutaneous endovascular techniques are used increasingly in the vascular armamentarium. Commonly performed as day case procedures under local anaesthetic, they are suited to the highly co-morbid vascular patient population. Furthermore, technological advances have resulted in ever improving outcomes for aneurysmal and occlusive disease. Endovascular procedures such as endovascular aneurysm repair or iliac artery stenting are traditionally associated with reduced infectious complications compared to equivalent open techniques...
December 6, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924414/management-and-control-of-gastrointestinal-nematodes-in-communal-goat-farms-in-zimbabwe
#18
P I Zvinorova, T E Halimani, F C Muchadeyi, S Katsande, J Gusha, K Dzama
Goats are an important source of livelihood especially in smallholder communities. Infections with gastrointestinal nematodes (GIN) remain the most prevalent parasitic diseases affecting small ruminants. The study was conducted to assess management, the level of knowledge and control of gastrointestinal nematodes. Surveys were conducted in Chipinge, Shurugwi, Binga, Tsholotsho and Matobo districts, representing the five natural/agro-ecological regions (NR) in Zimbabwe. Data was collected in 135 households using a pre-tested semi-structured questionnaire...
December 6, 2016: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924204/combined-use-of-a-double-lumen-tube-and-fogarty-catheter-to-prevent-the-endobronchial-spread-of-infection-a-case-report
#19
Jaewon Kim, Hyelim Lee, Han Park, Chang-Young Jeong
Huntington's disease is a neurodegenerative disorder with an autosomal dominant inheritance pattern. Patients with Huntington's disease show an increased risk of aspiration pneumonia when the pharyngeal muscle is invaded. We report a case of advanced-stage Huntington's disease in which the patient received right middle lobectomy for a lung abscess caused by repeated aspiration. The best lung isolation technique has not yet been established in these patients. We successfully performed selective lobar isolation of the right lower and middle lobes using a double lumen tube and a Fogarty embolectomy catheter...
December 2016: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924201/central-line-associated-bloodstream-infections-in-the-intensive-care-unit-importance-of-the-care-bundle
#20
Aynur Atilla, Zahide Doğanay, Hale Kefeli Çelik, Leman Tomak, Özgür Günal, S Sırrı Kılıç
BACKGROUND: The importance and efficacy of a care bundle for preventing central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) and infectious complications related to placing a central venous catheter (CVC) in patients in the intensive care unit (ICU). METHODS: A care bundle was implemented from July 2013 to June 2014 in a medical ICU and surgical ICU. Data were divided into three periods: the prior period (July 2012-June 2013), the intervention period (July 2013-June 2014; first and second periods), and the post-intervention period (July 2014-December 2014; third period)...
December 2016: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
keyword
keyword
218
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"