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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656502/integrating-desalination-and-energy-storage-via-saltwater-based-hybrid-sodium-ion-supercapacitor
#1
Zhaowei Guo, Yuanyuan Ma, Xiaoli Dong, Mengyan Hou, Yonggang Wang, Yongyao Xia
Ever-increasing freshwater scarcity and energy crisis problems require efficient saltwater desalination and energy storage technologies. However, the both targets are generally considered separately. Herein, a hybrid sodium-ion supercapacitor, involving a carbon-coated nano-NaTi2(PO4)3 based battery-anode and an activated carbon based capacitive-cathode, is developed to simultaneously realize above targets. On charge, the supercapacitor removes salt in flowing saltwater electrolyte through Cl- electrochemical adsorption in cathode and Na+-intercalation in anode...
April 15, 2018: ChemSusChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655884/lignin-based-hydrogels-with-super-swelling-capacities-for-dye-removal
#2
Juan Domínguez-Robles, María Soledad Peresin, Tarja Tamminen, Alejandro Rodríguez, Eneko Larrañeta, Anna-Stiina Jääskeläinen
Lignin is a complex natural polymer and it is one of the main constituent of the lignocellulosic biomass. Moreover, it is a bio-renewable material and it is available in large amounts as by-product of residues from the wood and paper industries. Lignin-based hydrogels with high swelling capabilities were prepared by crosslinking poly (methyl vinyl ether co‑maleic acid) and different technical lignins in ammonium and sodium hydroxide solutions. The produced hydrogels showed a wide range of water absorption capacities varying from 13 to 130 g of water per 1 g of sample...
April 12, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653101/%C3%AE-1-integrin-is-a-cell-autonomous-factor-mediating-the-numb-pathway-for-cardiac-progenitor-maintenance
#3
Brian Gibbs, Lincoln Shenje, Peter Andersen, Matthew Miyamoto, Chulan Kwon
Proper control of multipotent/stem cell number and fate is essential for ensuing organ formation during development. β1-integrin, a subfamily of cell surface receptors, has a conserved role in maintenance of multipotent/stem cells, including renal progenitor cells, follicle stem cells, epidermal stem cells and neural stem cells. However, it remains unclear whether β1-integrin has a role in cardiac progenitor cell (CPC) development. Here we show that a mesodermal deletion of β1-integrin decreases Isl1+ cell number in the second pharyngeal arch (PA2), where CPCs undergo renewal and expansion...
April 10, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652830/colorectal-cancer-genetic-abnormalities-tumor-progression-tumor-heterogeneity-clonal-evolution-and-tumor-initiating-cells
#4
REVIEW
Ugo Testa, Elvira Pelosi, Germana Castelli
Colon cancer is the third most common cancer worldwide. Most colorectal cancer occurrences are sporadic, not related to genetic predisposition or family history; however, 20-30% of patients with colorectal cancer have a family history of colorectal cancer and 5% of these tumors arise in the setting of a Mendelian inheritance syndrome. In many patients, the development of a colorectal cancer is preceded by a benign neoplastic lesion: either an adenomatous polyp or a serrated polyp. Studies carried out in the last years have characterized the main molecular alterations occurring in colorectal cancers, showing that the tumor of each patient displays from two to eight driver mutations...
April 13, 2018: Medical Sciences: Open Access Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652110/intranasal-glucagon-for-hypoglycaemia-in-diabetic-patients-an-old-dream-is-becoming-reality
#5
REVIEW
Antonio E Pontiroli, Valerio Ceriani
In 1983 it was shown that glucagon administered intranasally (IN) was absorbed through the nasal mucosa and increased blood glucose in healthy subjects. Shortly thereafter, it was shown that IN glucagon counteracts hypoglycaemia in insulin-treated diabetic patients. In spite of this evidence, IN glucagon has not been developed by any pharmaceutical company before 2010, when renewed interest led to intensive evaluation as a possible remedy for hypoglycaemia in insulin-treated diabetic adults and children. IN glucagon is now being developed as a needle-free device delivering glucagon powder for treating severe hypoglycaemia; the ease of using this device stands in stark contrast to the difficulties in preparing and injecting the current intramuscular glucagon emergency kits...
April 13, 2018: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651729/stochastic-convergence-of-renewable-energy-consumption-in-oecd-countries-a-fractional-integration-approach
#6
Sakiru Adebola Solarin, Luis Alberiko Gil-Alana, Usama Al-Mulali
In this article, we have examined the hypothesis of convergence of renewable energy consumption in 27 OECD countries. However, instead of relying on classical techniques, which are based on the dichotomy between stationarity I(0) and nonstationarity I(1), we consider a more flexible approach based on fractional integration. We employ both parametric and semiparametric techniques. Using parametric methods, evidence of convergence is found in the cases of Mexico, Switzerland and Sweden along with the USA, Portugal, the Czech Republic, South Korea and Spain, and employing semiparametric approaches, we found evidence of convergence in all these eight countries along with Australia, France, Japan, Greece, Italy and Poland...
April 13, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651222/toward-3d-printed-hydrogen-storage-materials-made-with-abs-mof-composites
#7
Megan N Channell, Makfir Sefa, James A Fedchak, Julia Scherschligt, Michael Bible, Bharath Natarajan, Nikolai N Klimov, Abigail E Miller, Zeeshan Ahmed, Matthew R Hartings
The push to advance efficient, renewable, and clean energy sources has brought with it an effort to generate materials that are capable of storing hydrogen. Metal-organic framework materials (MOFs) have been the focus of many such studies as they are categorized for their large internal surface areas. We have addressed one of the major shortcomings of MOFs (their processibility) by creating and 3D printing a composite of acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) and MOF-5, a prototypical MOF, which is often used to benchmark H2 uptake capacity of other MOFs...
February 2018: Polymers for Advanced Technologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651165/the-mitochondrial-citrate-carrier-slc25a1-drives-stemness-and-therapy-resistance-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#8
Harvey R Fernandez, Shreyas M Gadre, Mingjun Tan, Garrett T Graham, Rami Mosaoa, Martin S Ongkeko, Kyu Ah Kim, Rebecca B Riggins, Erika Parasido, Iacopo Petrini, Simone Pacini, Amrita Cheema, Rency Varghese, Habtom W Ressom, Yuwen Zhang, Christopher Albanese, Aykut Üren, Mikell Paige, Giuseppe Giaccone, Maria Laura Avantaggiati
Therapy resistance represents a clinical challenge for advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), which still remains an incurable disease. There is growing evidence that cancer-initiating or cancer stem cells (CSCs) provide a reservoir of slow-growing dormant populations of cells with tumor-initiating and unlimited self-renewal ability that are left behind by conventional therapies reigniting post-therapy relapse and metastatic dissemination. The metabolic pathways required for the expansion of CSCs are incompletely defined, but their understanding will likely open new therapeutic opportunities...
April 12, 2018: Cell Death and Differentiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651150/energy-loss-return-gate-via-liquid-dielectric-polarization
#9
Taehun Kim, Hyungseok Yong, Banseok Kim, Dongseob Kim, Dukhyun Choi, Yong Tae Park, Sangmin Lee
There has been much research on renewable energy-harvesting techniques. However, owing to increasing energy demands, significant energy-related issues remain to be solved. Efforts aimed at reducing the amount of energy loss in electric/electronic systems are essential for reducing energy consumption and protecting the environment. Here, we design an energy-loss return gate system that reduces energy loss from electric/electronic systems by utilizing the polarization of liquid dielectrics. The use of a liquid dielectric material in the energy-loss return gate generates electrostatic potential energy while reducing the dielectric loss of the electric/electronic system...
April 12, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650417/%C3%AE-aminoisobutyric-acid-accelerates-the-proliferation-and-differentiation-of-mc3t3-e1-cells-via-moderate-activation-of-ros-signaling
#10
Xiao-Wen Zhu, Kai Ding, Xiao-Yu Dai, Wei-Qi Ling
BACKGROUD: Osteoporosis is one of the bone-metabolic diseases associated with decreased bone renewal and bone mineral density. β-aminoisobutyric acid (BAIBA), a natural thymine catabolite, can reduce inflammation in skeletal muscle and alleviate hepatic endoplasmic reticulum stress. However, the roles of BAIBA in osteoblast proliferation and differentiation remain largely unknown. METHODS: The cultured MC3T3-E1 cells received various treatments in this study, including BAIBA alone, H2 O2 alone, BAIBA plus N-acetyl-l-cysteine and BAIBA plus apocynin...
April 9, 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649413/neural-stem-cells-derived-directly-from-adipose-tissue
#11
Eric David Petersen, Jessica R Zenchak, Olivia V Lossia, Ute Hochgeschwender
Neural stem cells are characterized as self-renewing cell populations with the ability to differentiate into the multiple tissue types of the central nervous system. These cells can differentiate into mature neurons, astrocytes, and oligodendrocytes. This category of stem cells has been shown to be a promisingly effective treatment for neurodegenerative diseases and neuronal injury. Most treatment studies with neural stem cells in animal models use embryonic brain derived neural stem cells. This approach presents both ethical and feasibility issues for translation to human patients...
March 16, 2018: Stem Cells and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649411/the-in-vitro-differentiation-of-gdnf-gene-engineered-amniotic-fluid-derived-stem-cells-into-renal-tubular-epithelial-like-cells
#12
Ying Lu, Zhuojun Wang, Lu Chen, Jia Wang, Shulin Li, Caixia Liu, Dong Sun
Amniotic fluid is an alternative source of stem cells, and human amniotic fluid-derived stem cells (AFSCs) obtained from a small amount of amniotic fluid collected during the second trimester represent a novel source for use in regenerative medicine. These AFSCs are characterized by lower diversity, a higher proliferation rate and a wider differentiation capability than adult mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). AFSCs are selected based on the cell surface marker c-kit receptor (CD117) using immunomagnetic sorting...
March 15, 2018: Stem Cells and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649409/the-forkhead-transcription-factor-foxc2-is-required-for-maintaining-murine-spermatogonial-stem-cells
#13
Chao Wei, Hao Lin, Sheng Cui
Continuous spermatogenesis from puberty to old age in males relies on spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) that possess the property of self-renewal and differentiation. The delicate balance between self-renewal and differentiation is of great importance. In mice, SSCs exist as a subpopulation of undifferentiated spermatogonia. SSCs are controlled by intrinsic molecular pathways which can be activated by extrinsic signals. Our results here first show that the expression of forkhead box C2 (FOXC2) is restricted to GFRα1 positive spermatogonia in the testis...
March 13, 2018: Stem Cells and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649254/uxt-is-required-for-spermatogenesis-in-mice
#14
Eric D Schafler, Phillip A Thomas, Susan Ha, Yu Wang, Keria Bermudez-Hernandez, Zuojian Tang, David Fenyö, Margarita Vigodner, Susan K Logan
Male mammals must simultaneously produce prodigious numbers of sperm and maintain an adequate reserve of stem cells to ensure continuous production of gametes throughout life. Failures in the mechanisms responsible for balancing germ cell differentiation and spermatogonial stem cell (SSC) self-renewal can result in infertility. We discovered a novel requirement for Ubiquitous Expressed Transcript (UXT) in spermatogenesis by developing the first knockout mouse model for this gene. Constitutive deletion of Uxt is embryonic lethal, while conditional knockout in the male germline results in a Sertoli cell-only phenotype during the first wave of spermatogenesis that does not recover in the adult...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644924/role-of-prion-protein-egfr-multimolecular-complex-during-neuronal-differentiation-of-human-dental-pulp-derived-stem-cells
#15
Stefano Martellucci, Valeria Manganelli, Costantino Santacroce, Francesca Santilli, Luca Piccoli, Maurizio Sorice, Vincenzo Mattei
Cellular prion protein (PrPC ) is expressed in a wide variety of stem cells in which regulates their self-renewal as well as differentiation potential. In this study we investigated the presence of PrPC in human dental pulp-derived stem cells (hDPSCs) and its role in neuronal differentiation process. We show that hDPSCs expresses early PrPC at low concentration and its expression increases after two weeks of treatment with EGF/bFGF. Then, we analyzed the association of PrPC with gangliosides and EGF receptor (EGF-R) during neuronal differentiation process...
April 12, 2018: Prion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644799/transparent-composites-made-from-tunicate-cellulose-membranes-and-environmentally-friendly-polyester
#16
Yadong Zhao, Carl Moser, Gunnar Henriksson
A series of optically transparent composites were made using tunicate cellulose membranes, in which the naturally organized cellulose microfibrillar network structure of tunics was preserved and used as the template and a solution of glycerol and citric acid at different molar ratios was used as the matrix. Polymerization via ester bond formation occurred at elevated temperatures without any catalyst, and water was released as the only byproduct. The obtained composites had a uniform and dense structure. Thus, the produced glycerol citrate polyester improved the transparency of the tunicate cellulose membrane, while the cellulose membrane provided rigidity and strength to the prepared composite...
April 12, 2018: ChemSusChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644784/mindy1-is-a-downstream-target-of-the-polyamines-and-promotes-embryonic-stem-cell-self-renewal
#17
Christina James, Tian Yun Zhao, Anisa Rahim, Parul Saxena, Nazreen Abdul Muthalif, Takeshi Uemura, Norihiro Tsuneyoshi, Sheena Ong, Kazuei Igarashi, Chin Yan Lim, N Ray Dunn, Leah A Vardy
Embryonic stem cells have the ability to self-renew or differentiate and these processes are under tight control. We previously reported that the polyamine regulator AMD1 is critical for embryonic stem cell self-renewal. The polyamines putrescine, spermidine and spermine are essential organic cations that play a role in a wide array of cellular processes. Here, we explore the essential role of the polyamines in the promotion of self-renewal and identify a new stem cell regulator that acts downstream of the polyamines: MINDY1...
April 12, 2018: Stem Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643975/physiological-hypoxia-enhances-stemness-preservation-proliferation-and-bidifferentiation-of-induced-hepatic-stem-cells
#18
Xiaosong Zhi, Jun Xiong, Mengchao Wang, Hongxia Zhang, Gang Huang, Jian Zhao, Xiaoyuan Zi, Yi-Ping Hu
Induced hepatic stem cells (iHepSCs) have great potential as donors for liver cell therapy due to their self-renewal and bipotential differentiation properties. However, the efficiency of bidifferentiation and repopulation efficiency of iHepSCs is relatively low. Recent evidence shows that physiological hypoxia, a vital factor within stem cell "niche" microenvironment, plays key roles in regulating tissue stem cell biological behaviors including proliferation and differentiation. In this study, we found that physiological hypoxia (10% O2 ) enhanced the stemness properties and promoted the proliferation ability of iHepSCs by accelerating G1/S transition via p53-p21 signaling pathway...
2018: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643936/single-cell-assessment-of-yeast-metabolic-engineering-for-enhanced-lipid-production-using-raman-and-afm-ir-imaging
#19
Kamila Kochan, Huadong Peng, Bayden R Wood, Victoria S Haritos
Background: Biodiesel is a valuable renewable fuel made from derivatized fatty acids produced in plants, animals, and oleaginous microbes. Of the latter, yeasts are of special interest due to their wide use in biotechnology, ability to synthesize fatty acids and store large amounts of triacylglycerols while utilizing non-food carbon sources. While yeast efficiently produce lipids, genetic modification and indeed, lipid pathway metabolic engineering, is usually required for cost-effective production...
2018: Biotechnology for Biofuels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642962/leishmaniasis-current-challenges-and-prospects-for-elimination-with-special-focus-on-the-south-asian-region
#20
Nadira D Karunaweera, Marcelo U Ferreira
SUMMARYLeishmania donovani, the most virulent species of Leishmania, is found in the South Asian region that harbours the majority of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) cases in the world. The traditionally accepted relationships between the causative species of Leishmania and the resultant disease phenotype have been challenged during recent years and have underscored the importance of revisiting the previously established taxonomy with revisions to its classification. The weak voice of the afflicted with decades of neglect by scientists and policy makers have led to the miserably inadequate and slow advancements in product development in the fields of diagnostics, chemotherapeutics and vector control that continue to hinder the effective management and control of this infection...
April 12, 2018: Parasitology
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