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Doppler velocimetry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868455/identification-of-patients-at-risk-for-preeclampsia-with-the-use-of-uterine-artery-doppler-velocimetry-and-copeptin
#1
Ali Yeşil, Ammar Kanawati, Çağlar Helvacıoğlu, Cihan Kaya, Çağseli Göksu Özgün, Hüseyin Cengiz
PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between maternal copeptin levels and uterine artery Doppler examination and progress of preeclampsia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was designed with women those were screened at 20 + 0 - 24 + 6 weeks' gestation between May 2014 and August 2014. The obstetric records of all normotensive women were examined. Uterine artery Doppler velocimetry results and serum copeptin levels were measured. The patients were divided in two groups according to normal (n = 67) and abnormal uterine artery Doppler (n = 21) findings...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855988/development-of-a-platelet-adhesion-transport-equation-for-a-computational-thrombosis-model
#2
Joshua O Taylor, Ling Yang, Steven Deutsch, Keefe B Manning
Thrombosis is a significant issue for cardiovascular device development and use. While thrombosis models are available, very few are device-related and none have been thoroughly validated experimentally. Here, we introduce a surface adherent platelet transport equation into a continuum model to account for the biomaterial interface/blood interaction. Using a rotating disc system and polyurethane-urea material, we characterize steady and pulsatile flow fields using laser Doppler velocimetry. In vitro measurements of platelet adhesion are used in combination with the LDV data to provide further experimental validation...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828276/fundamental-uncertainty-limit-of-optical-flow-velocimetry-according-to-heisenberg-s-uncertainty-principle
#3
Andreas Fischer
Optical flow velocity measurements are important for understanding the complex behavior of flows. Although a huge variety of methods exist, they are either based on a Doppler or a time-of-flight measurement principle. Doppler velocimetry evaluates the velocity-dependent frequency shift of light scattered at a moving particle, whereas time-of-flight velocimetry evaluates the traveled distance of a scattering particle per time interval. Regarding the aim of achieving a minimal measurement uncertainty, it is unclear if one principle allows to achieve lower uncertainties or if both principles can achieve equal uncertainties...
November 1, 2016: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795833/timing-and-cause-of-perinatal-mortality-for-small-for-gestational-age-babies-in-south-africa-critical-periods-and-challenges-with-detection
#4
Tina Lavin, David B Preen, Robert Pattinson
BACKGROUND: Little information exists on timing and cause of death for small-for-gestational-age (SGA) babies in low-and-middle-income-countries (LMICs), despite evidence from high-income countries suggesting critical periods for SGA babies. This study explored the timing and cause of stillbirth and early neonatal mortality (END, <7 days) by small-for-gestational age in three provinces in South Africa. In South Africa, the largest category of perinatal deaths is unexplained stillbirth, of which up to one-quarter have intra-uterine growth restriction...
2016: Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734717/association-between-uterine-artery-doppler-blood-flow-changes-and-arterial-wall-elasticity-in-pregnant-women
#5
Emma von Wowern, Jakob Andersson, Ida Dalene Skarping, Maria T Howie, Per Olofsson
INTRODUCTION: Uterine artery (UtA) Doppler velocimetry changes and increased arterial stiffness are associated with preeclampsia. We aimed to investigate the relation between UtA velocimetry changes and arterial stiffness in pregnant women. METHODS: Doppler velocimetry and photoplethysmographic digital pulse wave analysis (DPA) were performed in 173 pregnant women in the second or third trimester, where UtA Doppler pulsatility index (PI), diastolic notching, and UtA score (UAS) combining notching and high PI were calculated...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680818/h2-maternal-hemodynamic-status-in-pregnancies-complicated-by-intrauterine-growth-restriction-iugr-and-post-partum-follow-up
#6
D Di Martino, S Zullino, D Casati, A S Grimaldi, V Sterpi, G Principato, M Garbin, E Ferrazzi
AIMS: To investigate maternal hemodynamic status in pregnancies complicated by IUGR and in the post-partum. METHODS: In this prospective study, we enrolled pregnant women between 24 and 38 weeks divided in severe and mild IUGR and a group of controls matched for gestational age. Severe IUGR was defined as abdominal circumference <5th centile and a Doppler velocimetry in umbilical artery42SD. Mild IUGR was defined as an abdominal circumference <10th centile and a Doppler velocimetry in umbilical artery <2SD...
August 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680812/g1-maternal-haemodynamics-assessment-in-preterm-delivery-two-different-haemodynamic-profiles
#7
D Farsetti, D Lo Presti, I Pisani, G M Tiralongo, G Gagliardi, B Vasapollo, G P Novelli, H Valensise
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of our study was to evaluate the maternal haemodynamic profile in women diagnosed with threatened preterm delivery (TPD) in order to understand the possible pathophysiologic mechanism leading to an increased lifetime risk for future cardiovascular disease. METHODS: Sixty-eight patients diagnosed with TPD were enrolled and assessed using a non-invasive method (USCOM®) to determine the haemodynamic parameters. Cervix length assessment, vaginal and rectal swabs, blood inflammatory indexes, foetal vessel Doppler velocimetry, gestational age at the delivery and neonatal outcomes were considered...
August 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680792/c1-maternal-hemodynamic-profile-in-hypertensive-disorders-of-pregnancy-hdp-and-intrauterine-growth-restriction
#8
D Di Martino, S Zullino, D Casati, A S Grimaldi, C Mastroianni, G Principato, E Rosti, M Garbin, E Ferrazzi
AIMS: To investigate maternal hemodynamic status in pregnancies complicated by HDP and/or IUGR and by severe IUGR without HDP. METHODS: In this prospective study we enrolled pregnant women between 24 and 38 weeks divided in: HDP with appropriate for gestational age fetuses (HDP-AGA), HDP associated with IUGR (HDPIUGR), severe IUGR and a group of controls matched for gestational age. Severe IUGR was defined as abdominal circumference <5th centile and a Doppler velocimetry in umbilical artery42SD...
August 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665076/monolayers-of-poly-amido-amine-dendrimers-on-mica-in-situ-streaming-potential-measurements
#9
Aneta Michna, Zbigniew Adamczyk, Kamila Sofińska, Katarzyna Matusik
The deposition of poly(amido amine) dendrimers on mica at various pHs was studied by the atomic force microscopy (AFM) and in situ streaming potential measurements. Bulk characteristics of dendrimers were acquired by using the dynamic light scattering (DLS) and the laser Doppler velocimetry (LDV). The hydrodynamic radius derived from DLS measurements was 5.2nm for the ionic strength of 10(-2)M and pH range 4-10. The electrophoretic mobility, the zeta potential and the number of electrokinetic charges per molecule were derived as a function of pH from the LDV measurements...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27661585/detection-and-counting-of-a-submicrometer-particle-in-liquid-flow-by-self-mixing-microchip-yb-yag-laser-velocimetry
#10
Takayuki Ohtomo, Seiichi Sudo, Kenju Otsuka
We observed intermittent modulation by scattered light from a single submicrometer particle moving in the flow channel using a self-mixing microchip Yb:YAG laser Doppler velocimeter (LDV) under lateral beam access. The Doppler-shift frequency chirping (i.e., velocity change) was identified in accordance with a particle passage through the beam focus. Single particle counting, which obeys the Poisson distribution, was performed successfully over a long period of time. The experimental results have been reproduced by a numerical simulation...
September 20, 2016: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651722/predictive-values-of-maternal-serum-papp-a-level-uterine-artery-doppler-velocimetry-and-fetal-biometric-measurements-for-poor-pregnancy-and-poor-neonatal-outcomes-in-pregnant-women
#11
Serdar Balcı
OBJECTIVE: To determine predictive values of maternal serum PAPP-A (msPAPP-A) levels, uterine artery Doppler velocimetry, and fetal biometric measurements (FBMs) for poor pregnancy and poor neonatal outcomes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This prospective cohort study was conducted on singleton pregnancies followed until delivery. Pregnancy and neonatal outcomes were evaluated with respect to the msPAPP-A level at the 11(th)-14(th) weeks, uterine artery Doppler velocimetry at the 15(th)-18(th) weeks, and FBMs at the 20(th)-24(th) and 28(th)-32(nd) weeks of pregnancy...
2016: Journal of the Turkish German Gynecological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651594/which-is-superior-doppler-velocimetry-or-non-stress-test-or-both-in-predicting-the-perinatal-outcome-of-high-risk-pregnancies
#12
Vijaya Subramanian, Janani Venkat, Mohana Dhanapal
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To analyze which is superior, Doppler velocimetry or non-stress test or both by means of categorization into four groups and comparing the prediction of perinatal outcome in high-risk pregnancies like anemia, hypertensive disorders of pregnancies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective study conducted at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, ISO KGH, Madras Medical College, Chennai, in the year 2014. Two hundred high-risk pregnancies like anemia, hypertensive disorders of pregnancy were included in the study...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606496/monolayers-of-the-hsa-dimer-on-polymeric-microparticles-electrokinetic-characteristics
#13
Marta Kujda, Zbigniew Adamczyk, Michał Ciesla
Human serum albumin dimer (dHSA) enhances the accumulation and retention of anti-tumor drugs. In this work, monolayers of dHSA on polystyrene microparticles were prepared and thoroughly characterized. The changes in the electrophoretic mobility of microparticles upon the addition of controlled amounts of dHSA were measured using Laser Doppler Velocimetry (LDV) technique. These dependencies were quantitatively interpreted in terms of the 3D electrokinetic model. This allowed to determine the coverage of dHSA on microparticles under in situ conditions...
August 23, 2016: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27538552/maternal-and-fetal-doppler-velocimetry-in-women-diagnosed-with-fear-of-childbirth
#14
A N Aksoy, F Aydin, S K Kucur, I Gözükara
AIM: This study aimed to investigate maternal and fetal Doppler flow parameters in term pregnant women diagnosed with fear of childbirth (FOC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Women between 20 and 40 years with full-term singleton pregnancies (≥37 gestational weeks) were included in the study. All patients were questioned with Turkish form of Wijma Delivery Expectancy/Experience Questionnaire (W-DEQ) version A. Women with W-DEQ scores ≥85 were defined as FOC. Forty women diagnosed with FOC (FOC group) and 45 women with W-DEQ scores <85 (control group) underwent Doppler waveform analysis and the pulsatility index (PI) and resistance index (RI) values for uterine, umbilical, and mid cerebral arteries were recorded...
September 2016: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27533101/brain-volume-and-doppler-velocimetry-in-growth-restricted-small-for-gestational-age-and-appropriate-for-gestational-age-fetuses
#15
Hala A E Wahab Abdel Latif, Hassan Mostafa Gaafar, Ghada Abdel Fattah Abdel Moety, Doaa Salah Eldin Mahmoud, Nihal Mohamed El Rifai
Objectives This study aims to detect possible differences in fetal brain volumes between growth-restricted fetuses (FGR), small-for-gestational-age (SGA) fetuses with normal Doppler indices, and appropriate-for-gestational-age fetuses (AGA). Study Design Three-dimensional measurements of fetal brain volume and umbilical artery and middle cerebral artery (MCA) pulsatility index (PI) and resistance index (RI) were made in 80 AGA fetuses, 68 SGA fetuses with normal Doppler indices, and 68 FGR with brain-sparing effect between 32 and 36 weeks of gestation...
August 17, 2016: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27524445/perinatal-asphyxia-from-the-obstetric-standpoint-diagnosis-and-interventions
#16
REVIEW
Christina A Herrera, Robert M Silver
Perinatal asphyxia is a general term referring to neonatal encephalopathy related to events during birth. Asphyxia refers to a deprivation of oxygen for a duration sufficient to cause neurologic injury. Most cases of perinatal asphyxia are not necessarily caused by intrapartum events but rather associated with underlying chronic maternal or fetal conditions. Of intrapartum causes, obstetric emergencies are the most common and are not always preventable. Screening high-risk pregnancies with ultrasound, Doppler velocimetry, and antenatal testing can aid in identifying fetuses at risk...
September 2016: Clinics in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27516829/-transcranial-doppler-in-sickle-cell-disease-scd-in-malagasy-children
#17
Nicolas Fanantenana Herinirina, Lova Hasina Ny Ony Narindra Rajaonarison, Andry Roussel Herijoelison, Olivat Aimée Alson Rakoto, Ahmad Ahmad
INTRODUCTION: Transcranial Doppler is an effective diagnostic tool to detect sickle cell children at risk for stroke. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional descriptive study of Malagasy children aged between 24 months and 15 years (group 1: 57 sickle cell diseases, group 2: 43 controls) to assess the cerebral artery velocimetry in the patient population. Transcranial doppler ultrasound with analysis of cerebral blood flow was performed in children of both groups...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27512094/numerical-investigation-of-the-hemodynamics-in-the-fetal-umbilical-vein-ductus-venosus-based-on-%C3%A2-experimental-data
#18
Taraneh Rezaee, Kamran Hassani
Abortion of the fetus due to a disease has been dramatically increased in the last decades. There is a still lack of knowledge on the various types of diseases which lead fetus to a vulnerable circumstance. The transport of oxygenated blood from the placenta to the human fetus has been an important clinical feature in Doppler velocimetry studies, especially the Ductus Venosus (DV). The DV connects intra-abdominal portion of the umbilical vein and the Inferior Vena Cava (IVC) at the inlet of the right atrium and is, therefore, important when examining the fetus state of health...
August 10, 2016: Bioscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27509872/can-maternal-fetal-hemodynamics-influence-prenatal-development-in-dogs
#19
Luana Azevedo de Freitas, Gustavo Lobato Mota, Herlon Victor Rodrigues Silva, Cibele Figueira Carvalho, Lúcia Daniel Machado da Silva
The goals of this study were to report embryonic and fetal ultrasound changes and compare blood flow of uteroplacental and umbilical arteries of normal and abnormal conceptus. Accordingly, from the day of mating or artificial insemination, all fetuses in 60 pregnancies were evaluated weekly. According to the ultrasound findings, the gestational age was determined and the conceptuses were divided into normal or abnormal (embryonic and fetal abnormalities). The two-dimensional ultrasound assessment consists of measuring and evaluating the echogenicity of conceptus and extra-fetal structures...
September 2016: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27484400/helicobacter-pylori-infection-contributes-to-placental-impairment-in-preeclampsia-basic-and-clinical-evidences
#20
Nicoletta Di Simone, Chiara Tersigni, Simona Cardaropoli, Francesco Franceschi, Fiorella Di Nicuolo, Roberta Castellani, Francesca Bugli, Chiara de Waure, Anna Franca Cavaliere, Antonio Gasbarrini, Maurizio Sanguinetti, Giovanni Scambia, Tullia Todros
BACKGROUND: Preeclampsia (PE) is a major cause of maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality. Epidemiological association between Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection and PE onset has been widely shown. The aim of this study was to analyze a possible correlation between Hp infection and the severity of clinical presentation of PE and to identify an immunologic mechanism triggered by Hp infection potentially contributing to the pathogenesis of PE. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sera from 93 preeclamptic women and 87 healthy pregnant women were tested for Hp infection by immunoassay and for anti-CagA antibodies by Western blot assay...
August 3, 2016: Helicobacter
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