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Female circumcision

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681431/factors-associated-with-infant-pain-severity-undergoing-immunization-injections
#1
Manal Kassab, Shereen Hamadneh, Khawla Nuseir, Basima ALmomani, Jehan Hamadneh
PURPOSE: Factors influencing infants' behavioral and vocal (cry) response to painful stimuli are explored to improve pain management plans for infants undergoing immunizations. DESIGN AND METHODS: An observational study design was used. Pain responses of 60 to 75 days-old infants (44% male vs 56% female) undergoing two-month immunization injections were videotaped and coded using the Modified Behavioral Pain Scale (MBPS), and duration of total crying time during injection was recorded...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669570/health-care-seeking-patterns-for-female-genital-mutilation-cutting-among-young-somalis-in-norway
#2
Vivian N Mbanya, Abdi A Gele, Esperanza Diaz, Bernadette Kumar
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) is a great concern, considering all the potential health implications. Use of health care services related to FGM/C by women who have been subjected to FGM/C in Norway remains to be understood. This study aims to explore the health care-seeking patterns for FGM/C-related health care problems, among young Somalis in Norway. METHODS: A cross-sectional study involving 325 young Somalis in Oslo was conducted in 2014 using respondent-driven sampling (RDS) technique...
April 18, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620540/reproductive-health-profile-and-circumcision-of-females-in-the-hali-semi-urban-region-saudi-arabia-a-community-based-cross-sectional-survey
#3
Waleed Abdullah Milaat, Nahla Khamis Ibrahim, Hussain Mohammed Albar
BACKGROUND: Improving the reproductive health of females has be.come the focus of the developmental efforts of many nations. OBJECTIVES: To identify the reproductive health style of married females, and to determine the prevalence and predictors of circumcision among girls aged less than or equal 18 years in Hali semi-urban region. DESIGN: A cross-sectional household survey SETTING: Houses in Hali, Al-Qunfudhah governorate, western Saudi Arabia during 2017...
March 2018: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617780/perceived-quality-of-in-service-communication-and-counseling-among-adolescents-undergoing-voluntary-medical-male-circumcision
#4
Lynn M Van Lith, Elizabeth C Mallalieu, Eshan U Patel, Kim H Dam, Michelle R Kaufman, Karin Hatzold, Arik V Marcell, Webster Mavhu, Catherine Kahabuka, Lusanda Mahlasela, Emmanuel Njeuhmeli, Kim Seifert Ahanda, Getrude Ncube, Gissenge Lija, Collen Bonnecwe, Aaron A R Tobian
Background: Experience with providers shapes the quality of adolescent health services, including voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC). This study examined the perceived quality of in-service communication and counseling during adolescent VMMC services. Methods: A postprocedure quantitative survey measuring overall satisfaction, comfort, perceived quality of in-service communication and counseling, and perceived quality of facility-level factors was administered across 14 VMMC sites in South Africa, Tanzania, and Zimbabwe...
April 3, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617774/adolescent-male-circumcision-for-hiv-prevention-in-high-priority-countries-opportunities-for-improvement
#5
Catherine Lane, Robert C Bailey, Chewe Luo, Nida Parks
Global experts recognize the need to transform conventional models of healthcare to create adolescent responsive health systems. As countries near 80% coverage of voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) for those aged 15-49 years, prioritization of younger men becomes critical to VMMC sustainability. This special supplement reporting 9 studies focusing on adolescent VMMC programming and services comes at a critical time. Eight articles report how well adolescents are reached with the World Health Organization's minimum package for comprehensive human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevention in South Africa, Zimbabwe, and Tanzania, analyzing motivation, counseling, wound healing, parental involvement, female peer support, quality of in-service communication, and providers' perceptions, and one presents models for achieving high VMMC coverage by 2021...
April 3, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617773/females-peer-influence-and-support-for-adolescent-males-receiving-voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-services
#6
Michelle R Kaufman, Kim H Dam, Kriti Sharma, Lynn M Van Lith, Karin Hatzold, Arik V Marcell, Webster Mavhu, Catherine Kahabuka, Lusanda Mahlasela, Eshan U Patel, Emmanuel Njeuhmeli, Kim Seifert Ahanda, Getrude Ncube, Gissenge Lija, Collen Bonnecwe, Aaron A R Tobian
Background: While female involvement in voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) has been studied among adults, little is known about the influence of adolescent females on their male counterparts. This study explored adolescent females' involvement in VMMC decision making and the postoperative wound healing process in South Africa, Tanzania, and Zimbabwe. Methods: Across 3 countries, 12 focus group discussions were conducted with a total of 90 adolescent females (aged 16-19 years)...
April 3, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569363/a-meta-synthesis-of-the-birth-experiences-of-african-immigrant-women-affected-by-female-genital-cutting
#7
REVIEW
Asma Hamid, Karen Trister Grace, Nicole Warren
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this qualitative meta-synthesis was to understand the labor and birth experiences of immigrant women in countries of resettlement who have a history of female genital cutting (FGC), also known as female genital mutilation or female circumcision. METHODS: We used a meta-ethnography approach to synthesize the literature on this topic. We searched PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and Sociological Abstracts databases from inception to May 2016 using the search terms female genital cutting, female circumcision, clitorectomy, clitoridectomy, pharaonic circumcision, genital circumcision, female genital mutilation, infibulation, and deinfibulation...
March 2018: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565839/bleeding-and-blood-disorders-in-clients-of-voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-for-hiv-prevention-eastern-and-southern-africa-2015-2016
#8
Lawrence E Hinkle, Carlos Toledo, Jonathan M Grund, Vanessa R Byams, Naomi Bock, Renee Ridzon, Caroline Cooney, Emmanuel Njeuhmeli, Anne G Thomas, Jacob Odhiambo, Elijah Odoyo-June, Norah Talam, Faustin Matchere, Wezi Msungama, Rose Nyirenda, James Odek, Jotamo Come, Marcos Canda, Stanley Wei, Alfred Bere, Collen Bonnecwe, Isaac Ang'Ang'A Choge, Enilda Martin, Dayanund Loykissoonlal, Gissenge J I Lija, Erick Mlanga, Daimon Simbeye, Stella Alamo, Geoffrey Kabuye, Joseph Lubwama, Nafuna Wamai, Omega Chituwo, George Sinyangwe, James Exnobert Zulu, Charles A Ajayi, Shirish Balachandra, John Mandisarisa, Sinokuthemba Xaba, Stephanie M Davis
Male circumcision reduces the risk for female-to-male human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission by approximately 60% (1) and has become a key component of global HIV prevention programs in countries in Eastern and Southern Africa where HIV prevalence is high and circumcision coverage is low. Through September 2017, the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) had supported 15.2 million voluntary medical male circumcisions (VMMCs) in 14 priority countries in Eastern and Southern Africa (2). Like any surgical intervention, VMMC carries a risk for complications or adverse events...
March 23, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531618/female-genital-mutilation-in-sudan
#9
Adel Hussein Elduma
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation or female circumcision (FGM) is a serious health problem in Sudan. This procedure is harmful to women and causes many complications during pregnancy and childbirth. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to determine the female genital mutilation (FGM) and its associated factors in Sudan. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Data from Sudan Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS - UNICEF) was used in this research. The survey was carried out in 2014 and included women aged between 14 - 49 years...
February 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474793/-you-take-the-private-part-of-her-body-%C3%A2-you-are-taking-a-part-of-her-life-voices-of-circumcised-african-migrant-women-on-female-genital-circumcision-fgc-in-australia
#10
Olayide Ogunsiji, Lesley Wilkes, Harrison Ng Chok
Western countries working toward eradication of female genital mutilation require better inclusion of women originally from countries where the practice is prevalent. However, few authors have examined the knowledge, attitudes and experiences of circumcised African migrant women in western countries. Our findings from forty responses from self-reported survey and five in-depth interviews show that the participating African migrant women know the reasons behind FGC, are living with the negative consequences of FGC and have a zero tolerance attitude toward the practice...
February 23, 2018: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433386/sexual-risk-behaviors-following-circumcision-among-hiv-positive-men-in-rakai-uganda
#11
Edward Nelson Kankaka, Joseph Ssekasanvu, Jessica Prodger, Dorean Nabukalu, Hadijja Nakawooya, Anthony Ndyanabo, Godfrey Kigozi, Ronald Gray
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether circumcision of HIV-positive men is associated with increased subsequent sexual risk behaviors which may place their female partners at risk. METHODS: Newly circumcised and uncircumcised HIV-positive men in the Rakai Community Cohort Study were followed from baseline (July 2013-January 2015) to determine trend in sexual risk behaviors and association of circumcision with subsequent sexual risk behaviors at follow up (February 2015-September 2016)...
February 13, 2018: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421931/haematocolpos-caused-by-a-large-vulvar-dermoid-cyst-complicating-type-ib-female-circumcision
#12
Haitham A Torky, Anwar A Elshenawy, Ali M Ahmad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364895/difficult-decisions-evaluating-individual-and-couple-level-fertility-intentions-and-hiv-acquisition-among-hiv-serodiscordant-couples-in-zambia
#13
Dvora Leah Joseph Davey, Kristin M Wall, William Kilembe, Naw Htee Khu, Ilene Brill, Bellington Vwalika, Elwyn Chomba, Joseph Mulenga, Amanda Tichacek, Pamina M Gorbach, Susan Allen
INTRODUCTION: Attempts to conceive and pregnancy may increase HIV transmission to sex partners and infants. Our study evaluated the association between fertility intentions and HIV acquisition among Zambian HIV-serodiscordant couples. METHODS: We collected demographic, behavioral, clinical exposures, and data on fertility intentions in a cohort of HIV-serodiscordant couples in Lusaka, Zambia from 2005 to 2012. We evaluated factors associated with fertility intentions stratified by gender using multivariable logistic regression...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359533/the-city-of-johannesburg-can-end-aids-by-2030-modelling-the-impact-of-achieving-the-fast-track-targets-and-what-it-will-take-to-get-there
#14
Robyn M Stuart, Nicole Fraser-Hurt, Cliff C Kerr, Emily Mabusela, Vusi Madi, Fredrika Mkhwanazi, Yogan Pillay, Peter Barron, Batanayi Muzah, Thulani Matsebula, Marelize Gorgens, David P Wilson
INTRODUCTION: In 2014, city leaders from around the world endorsed the Paris Declaration on Fast-Track Cities, pledging to achieve the 2020 and 2030 HIV targets championed by UNAIDS. The City of Johannesburg - one of South Africa's metropolitan municipalities and also a health district - has over 600,000 people living with HIV (PLHIV), more than any other city worldwide. We estimate what it would take in terms of programmatic targets and costs for the City of Johannesburg to meet the Fast-Track targets, and demonstrate the impact that this would have...
January 2018: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210334/false-beliefs-predict-increased-circumcision-satisfaction-in-a-sample-of-us-american-men
#15
Brian D Earp, Lauren M Sardi, William A Jellison
Critics of non-therapeutic male and female childhood genital cutting claim that such cutting is harmful. It is therefore puzzling that 'circumcised' women and men do not typically regard themselves as having been harmed by the cutting, notwithstanding the loss of sensitive, prima facie valuable tissue. For female genital cutting (FGC), a commonly proposed solution to this puzzle is that women who had part(s) of their vulvae removed before sexual debut 'do not know what they are missing' and may 'justify' their genitally-altered state by adopting false beliefs about the benefits of FGC, while simultaneously stigmatising unmodified genitalia as unattractive or unclean...
December 6, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191224/i-knew-how-it-feels-but-couldn-t-save-my-daughter-testimony-of-an-ethiopian-mother-on-female-genital-mutilation-cutting
#16
Yohannes Mehretie Adinew, Beza Tamirat Mekete
BACKGROUND: World Health Organization defines female genital mutilation/cutting as all procedures that involve partial or total removal of the external female genitalia, or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons. The practice is common in Ethiopia, especially among Somali (99%) ethnic groups. Even though FGM/C is labeled illegal practice according to the revised 2005 Penal Code of the country, the practice is still responsible for misery of many girls in Ethiopia...
December 1, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188391/bisexual-and-bidirectional-assessing-the-potential-for-hiv-bridging-in-mozambique
#17
Beverley Cummings, Roberta Horth, Willi McFarland, Tim Lane, Peter W Young, Rassul Nalá, George Rutherford, H Fisher Raymond
African men who have sex with men (MSM) frequently, and often concurrently, have female partners, raising concerns about HIV sexual bridging. We explored potential HIV transmission in Mozambique from and to female partners of MSM focusing on preferred anal sex role and circumcision status. Data collected in a respondent-driven sampling study of MSM in 2011 in Maputo and Beira. Men who had oral or anal sex with other men 12 months prior completed a questionnaire and consented for HIV testing. Statistical analysis explored demographic/risk characteristics and associations among circumcision status, anal sex with men, sexual positions during anal sex with men and vaginal or anal sex with women...
November 29, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148634/labor-delivery-and-postpartum-complications-in-nulliparous-women-with-female-genital-mutilation-admitted-to-karamara-hospital
#18
Wondimu Gudu, Mutasim Abdulahi
Objectives: To assess labor, delivery and postpartum complications in nulliparous women with FGM/C and evaluate the attitude of mothers towards elimination of FGM. Methods: A prospective hospital based study using structured questionnaire was conducted between January to March 2015 at Karamara hospital, Jijiga, Ethiopia. All nulliparous women admitted for labor and delivery were included. Data were collected regarding circumcision status, events of labor, delivery; postpartum and neonatal outcomes as well as attitude of mothers towards elimination of FGM/C...
January 2017: Ethiopian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136009/early-resumption-of-sexual-activity-following-voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-in-botswana-a-qualitative-study
#19
Jenny H Ledikwe, Nankie M Ramabu, Lisa P Spees, Scott Barnhart, Conrad Ntsuape, Bazghina-Werq Semo, Kathleen E Wirth
Unprotected sexual intercourse after undergoing voluntary medical male circumcision but prior to complete wound healing can lead to major adverse events including HIV acquisition. To better understand perceptions related to early resumption of sex prior to wound healing, 27 focus group discussions were conducted among 238 adult men, women, and community leaders in Botswana. Median age among all participants was 31 years of whom 60% were male and 51% were either employed and receiving salary or self-employed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028293/a-large-case-series-on-surgical-outcomes-in-congenital-factor-xiii-deficiency-patients-in-iran
#20
M Naderi, S Haghpanah, G Miri-Aliabad, H Tavosi, M Karimi
Essentials Data on surgery in factor XIII (FXIII) deficiency patients are scarce and lack standardized guidelines. Variable dosage of 10-50 U kg-1 was given to FXIII deficiency patients undergoing surgery. Surgical outcomes showed excellent hemostasis with a minimal risk of post-operative complications. Surgery can be performed safely in FXIII deficiency patients following FXIII administration. SUMMARY: Background The lack of accepted standardized surgical guidelines leads to dependence on the treating physicians' and centers' experiences...
December 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
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