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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681566/off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-with-mini-sternotomy-in-the-treatment-of-triple-vessel-coronary-artery-disease
#1
Pixiong Su, Song Gu, Yan Liu, Xitao Zhang, Jun Yan, Xiangguang An, Jie Gao, Yue Xin, Jian Zhou
We have developed off-pump coronary artery bypass approach with lower distal mini-sternotomy (TM-OPCAB) for multivessel coronary revascularization. The aim of this retrospective study is to provide evidence for the feasibility and safety of this technique in the treatment of triple-vessel diseases.Two hundred eighty-eight patients with triple-vessel coronary artery disease who underwent TM-OPCAB or standard off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery (S-OPCAB) were included in this study after propensity-score matching...
April 20, 2018: International Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659846/is-administration-of-dual-antiplatelet-therapy-beneficial-for-patients-following-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting
#2
Maciej Peksa, Sleiman Sebastian Aboul-Hassan, Jakub Marczak, Romuald Cichon
A best evidence topic in cardiac surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether administration of dual-antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) following off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB) would improve postoperative clinical outcomes or minimize the incidence of postoperative graft failure. In total, 101 papers were found using the reported search, 14 of which represented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The authors, journal, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes and results of these papers are tabulated...
April 5, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658941/surgical-swine-model-of-chronic-cardiac-ischemia-treated-by-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery
#3
Laura Hocum Stone, Christin Wright, Erin Chappuis, Mia Messer, Herbert B Ward, Edward O McFalls, Rosemary F Kelly
Chronic cardiac ischemia that impairs cardiac function, but does not result in infarct, is termed hibernating myocardium (HM). A large clinical subset of coronary artery disease (CAD) patients have HM, which in addition to causing impaired function, puts them at higher risk for arrhythmia and future cardiac events. The standard treatment for this condition is revascularization, but this has been shown to be an imperfect therapy. The majority of pre-clinical cardiac research focuses on infarct models of cardiac ischemia, leaving this subset of chronic ischemia patients largely underserved...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652279/a-commentary-effects-on-glargine-insulin-on-glycemic-control-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-type-ii-undergoing-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-graft
#4
Soumya Sankar Nath, Pravin Kumar Das
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652278/effects-of-glargine-insulin-on-glycemic-control-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-type-ii-undergoing-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-graft
#5
Hemang Gandhi, Alpesh Sarvaia, Amber Malhotra, Himanshu Acharya, Komal Shah, Jeevraj Rajavat
Background: The prevalence of diabetes mellitus in patients requiring coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is noticeably high (20%-30%). These patients have inferior perioperative outcome, reduced long-term survival, and high risk of recurrent episodes of angina. To improve perioperative outcome surgical unit defined satisfactory glycemic control is desired during this period. Hence, the aim of our study is to compare the efficacy of glargine insulin combination with continuous human insulin infusion for perioperative glycemic control in patients with diabetes undergoing CABG...
April 2018: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652272/comparison-of-immediate-extubation-versus-ultrafast-tracking-strategy-in-the-management-of-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery
#6
Amarja Sachin Nagre, Nagesh P Jambures
Introduction: Ultrafast tracking of anesthesia (UFTA) is practiced routinely, whereas immediate on-table extubation after off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) grafting surgery has many concerns. The purpose of our study was to evaluate the safety and feasibility of immediate extubation (IE) versus UFTA. Methods: Sixty patients were enrolled who underwent OPCAB surgery. The two groups IE and UFTA had thirty patients each. Inclusion criteria were patients for OPCAB surgery including left main stenosis...
April 2018: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652271/prophylactic-preoperative-levosimendan-for-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-in-patients-with-left-ventricular-dysfunction-single-centered-randomized-prospective-study
#7
Pushkar Mahendra Desai, Manjula S Sarkar, Sanjeeta R Umbarkar
Background: Off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery (OPCAB) is often complicated by hemodynamic instability, especially in patients with prior left ventricular (LV) dysfunction and appropriate choice of inotrope plays a vital role in perioperative management of these patients. Aim and Objective: To study hemodynamic effects and immediate outcome of prophylactic infusion of levosimendan in patients with the LV dysfunction undergoing OPCAB surgery and whether this strategy helps in successful conduct of OPCAB surgery...
April 2018: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627158/kinetics-of-endocan-in-patients-undergoing-cardiac-surgery-with-and-without-cardiopulmonary-bypass
#8
Pierre-Alain Poinsot, Benoit Barrucand, Fiona Ecarnot, Philippe Lassalle, Guillaume Besch, Sidney Chocron, Andréa Perrotti
BACKGROUND: Endocan plays an important role in the processes of inflammation and infection. The use of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) during cardiac surgery can induce an inflammatory response. We aimed to describe the kinetics of endocan in patients undergoing cardiac surgery with and without the use of CPB. METHODS: Single-centre, observational study with retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data, to compare the kinetics of endocan in patients undergoing isolated coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery...
April 4, 2018: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617503/postoperative-bleeding-following-preoperative-clopidogrel-administration-in-patients-with-haemoglobin-level-above-110-g-l-undergoing-urgent-cabg
#9
Sasa Milan Kacar, Aleksandar Mikic, Mirjana Božidar Kačar
INTRODUCTION: Patients with acute coronary syndrome usually receive dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) (usually clopidogrel + aspirin) prior to coronary catheterization, and approximately 10% of these patients require coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). DAPT has favorable effects on prevention of thrombus formation, but it can have deleterious effects on surgical hemostasis. Anaemia, if present, gives additional risk to such patients. The aim of this study was to examine if DAPT affects postoperative bleeding in patients with haemoglobin levels above 110 g/L, who underwent urgent or emergent CABG, less than five days after stopping DAPT therapy...
January 2018: Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617497/opcabg-for-moderate-cimr-in-elderly-patients-a-superior-option
#10
Amber Malhotra, Chandrasekaran Ananthanarayanan, Vivek Wadhawa, Sumbul Siddiqui, Pranav Sharma, Kartik Patel, Komal Shah, Pratik Shah
OBJECTIVE: To compare the early and late outcomes of off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting and coronary artery bypass graft + mitral valve repair in elderly patients with moderate chronic ischemic mitral regurgitation. METHODS: One hundred and fifty elderly (age > 70 years) patients with moderate chronic ischemic mitral regurgitation who underwent off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (n=95) or coronary artery bypass graft + mitral valve repair (n=55) between January 2007 and December 2014 were studied...
January 2018: Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616518/coronary-artery-bypass-surgery-in-patients-with-chronic-brain-hypoperfusion
#11
Hajime Imura, Yuji Maruyama, Kenichiro Takahashi, Dai Nishina, Takashi Nitta
BACKGROUND: Cerebrovascular disease (CVD) is a risk factor of stroke and cerebral hypoperfusion is one of the underlying mechanisms. We hypothesized that coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) can be performed at an acceptable risk for such patients without concomitant surgery for CVD. METHODS: Carotid echo was carried out for 538 consecutive patients undergoing isolated CABG between 2005 and 2016. Magnetic resonance image/angiography (MRI/A) for neck and brain was performed for 288 patients (stenosis≥50% in echo were basically included)...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610758/on-vs-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-in-a-heterogeneous-patient-population
#12
COMMENT
Daniel Alejandro Lerman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608874/meta-analysis-of-repeat-revascularization-of-off-pump-and-on-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery
#13
Pengyu Zhou, Peng Zhu, Zezhou Xiao, Xuefeng Lin, Rongning Xu, Shaoyi Zheng
BACKGROUND: There is an ongoing debate focusing on clinical outcomes after off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB) and on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (ONCAB). The objective of present meta-analysis is to update and compare repeat revascularization rate between OPCAB and ONCAB procedure. METHODS: Data sources including PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, and ISI Web of Knowledge were searched between 1966 and October 2017. Studies considered for inclusion should conform to the following criteria: prospective randomized clinical trials comparing OPCAB and ONCAB...
March 30, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579209/does-minimally-invasive-coronary-artery-bypass-improve-outcomes-compared-to-off-pump-coronary-bypass-via-sternotomy-in-patients-undergoing-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting
#14
Daniel S Florisson, Joshua A DeBono, Reece A Davies, Andrew E Newcomb
A best evidence topic in cardiac surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was 'In patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting, for single or multivessel disease, does minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass (MIDCAB) or off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) provide the superior outcome including a reduction in morbidity and mortality?'. A total of 187 papers were found using the reported search, of which 12 represented the best evidence to answer the clinical question...
March 22, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571425/coronary-surgery-in-women-and-the-challenges-we-face
#15
REVIEW
Renée Hessian, Habib Jabagi, Janet M C Ngu, Fraser D Rubens
This review was undertaken to understand the dynamics that have shaped our current treatment of women who undergo coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and summarize the current literature on surgical revascularization in women. There has been improved access to CABG over the past several decades. Despite this, compared with men, CABG in women involves fewer grafts and less frequent use of arterial grafts, the latter having improved long-term patency compared with saphenous vein grafts. We attempt to determine whether the adverse clinical profile of women, when referred for CABG is responsible for this finding...
April 2018: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566406/off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-and-stroke-exploratory-analysis-of-the-gopcabe-trial-and-methodological-considerations
#16
Wilko Reents, Michael Zacher, Jochen Boergermann, Utz Kappert, Michael Hilker, Gloria Färber, Marc Albert, David Holzhey, Lenard Conradi, Friedrich Christian Riess, Philippe Veeckman, Justus T Strauch, Anno Diegeler, Andreas Böning
BACKGROUND:  Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) without cardiopulmonary bypass (off-pump CABG) may reduce severe adverse events including stroke. METHODS:  In the German Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting in Elderly patients trial, the rate of major adverse cardiovascular events was compared in 2,394 elderly (≥ 75 years) patients undergoing CABG with (on-pump) or without (off-pump) cardiopulmonary bypass. This exploratory post-hoc analysis investigated the impact of surgical aortic manipulation on the rate of stroke...
March 22, 2018: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562416/-myocardial-revascularization-among-patients-with-severe-left-ventricular-dysfunction-a-comparison-between-on-pump-beating-heart-and-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting
#17
J Q Shen, Q Ji, W J Ding, L M Xia, K Song, L Wei, Y X Sun, C S Wang
Objective: To evaluate the impacts of an on-pump beating-heart versus an off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) technique for surgical revascularization on the early clinical outcomes in patients with a left ventricular ejection fraction (EF) of 35% or less. Methods: A total of 216 consecutive patients with an echocardiographic estimated EF of 35% or less who underwent non-emergency, primary, isolated CABG from January 2010 to December 2014 at Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University were included in this study and were divided into either an OBCAB group (patients who received on-pump beating-heart CABG surgery, n =88) or an OPCAB group (patients who received off-pump CABG surgery, n =128)...
April 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562402/-revascularization-of-left-anterior-descending-artery-area-using-a-skeletonized-left-internal-mammary-artery-a-comparison-between-sequential-and-separate-grafting
#18
J Q Shen, Q Ji, W J Ding, L M Xia, L Wei, C S Wang
Objective: To evaluate in-hospital and mid-term outcomes of sequential versus separate grafting of in situ skeletonized left internal mammary artery (LIMA) to the left coronary system in a single-center, propensity-matched study. Methods: After propensity score matching, 120 pairs of patients undergoing first, scheduled, isolated coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with in situ skeletonized LIMA grafting to the left anterior descending artery (LAD) territory were entered into a sequential group (sequential grafting of LIMA to the diagonal artery and then to the LAD) or a control group (separate grafting of LIMA to the LAD)...
March 13, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561966/short-term-and-mid-term-clinical-outcomes-following-hybrid-coronary-revascularization-versus-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-a-meta-analysis
#19
Li Dong, Yi-Kun Kang, Xiang-Guang An
BACKGROUND: Off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB) is one of the standard treatments for coronary artery disease (CAD) while hybrid coronary revascularization (HCR) represents an evolving revascularization strategy. However, the difference in outcomes between them remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: We performed a meta-analysis to compare the short-term and mid-term outcomes of HCR versus OPCAB for the treatment of multivessel or left main CAD. METHODS: We searched the PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science and Cochrane databases to identify related studies and a routine meta-analysis was conducted...
March 19, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559751/circulating-and-urinary-mir-210-and-mir-16-increase-during-cardiac-surgery-using-cardiopulmonary-bypass-a-pilot-study
#20
Annette L Mazzone, Robert A Baker, Kym McNicholas, Richard J Woodman, Michael Z Michael, Jonathan M Gleadle
A pilot study to measure and compare blood and urine microRNAs miR-210 and miR-16 in patients undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting surgery. Frequent serial blood and urine samples were taken from patients undergoing cardiac surgery with CPB (n = 10) and undergoing off-pump cardiac surgery (n = 5) before, during, and after surgery. Circulating miR-210 and miR-16 levels were determined by relative quantification real-time polymerase chain reaction...
March 2018: Journal of Extra-corporeal Technology
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