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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909282/-coronary-artery-revascularization-with-v-composite-saphenous-veins-graft-in-a-bad-ascending-aorta-report-of-a-case
#1
Makoto Shirakawa, Yosuke Ishii, Yasuhiro Kawase, Shunichiro Sakamoto, Yasuo Miyagi, Tetsuro Morota, Takashi Nitta
A 77-year-old male with many comorbidities underwent off pump coronary artery bypass grafting. A severely atherosclerotic ascending aorta was revealed by preoperative computed tomography(CT) and epiaortic echography during operation. Therefore, V-composite saphenous vein grafting was adopted for non left anterior descending artery (LAD) coronary lesions in addition to left internal thoracic artery-left anterior descending artery bypass grafting. He was discharged with no complications and all grafts were confirmed to be patent by postoperative CT...
December 2016: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909279/-stanford-type-a-aortic-dissection-after-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-using-automated-proximal-anastomotic-device-report-of-a-case
#2
Toshiyuki Maeda, Taku Sakurada, Satoshi Muraki, Shinji Nakashima, Jun Sasaki, Eiji Araki
Operative mortality of Stanford type A aortic dissection( AAD) repair with previous cardiac surgery is high, especially with previous coronary artery bypass grafting. We report an extremely rare case of AAD related to the PAS-Port system. A 68-year-old male patient on dialysis was admitted to our hospital with a diagnosis of AAD. Half a year before he had undergone off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting using PAS-Port system for a proximal anastomosis of a vein graft. Urgent graft replacement of the ascending aorta was performed, and the proximal anastomotic site of the vein graft was attached to the prosthetic graft...
December 2016: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909273/-minimally-invasive-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-using-bilateral-in-situ-internal-thoracic-arteries
#3
Akihiko Yamauchi, Masaki Tabuchi, Shinya Terada, Keita Kikuchi
A 73-year-old male with diabetes mellitius was referred to our hospital for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Preoperative coronary angiography revealed three-vessel coronary disease. Minimally invasive coronary artery grafting (MICS CABG) via left thoracotomy was selected to decrease surgical site infection due to severe diabetes. In situ bilateral internal thoracic arteries (BITA) were harvested using a long type Harmonic scalpel. In situ right internal thorac artery( RITA)-left anterior descending artery (LAD), in situ left internal thorac artery( LITA)-high lateral branch (HL), and aorta-saphenous vein graft (SVG)-#4 posterior descending artery were performed...
December 2016: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895342/innovations-in-cardiovascular-care-historical-perspective-contemporary-practice-recent-trends-and-future-directions
#4
Hasanat Sharif, Mayera Tufail
Cardiovascular diseases continue to be a major cause of mortality and morbidity in the world population. First open heart procedure was performed by Gibbon in 1953, since then many advancements have been introduced to the field of cardiac surgery. Minimally invasive techniques were introduced, which include minimally invasive coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), off-pump technique, minimally invasive valve surgery or transcatheter techniques to implant stentless or sutureless valves. The hybrid strategy to address coronary disease combines catheterisation procedures with standard surgical techniques...
October 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894348/change-in-luminal-diameter-of-the-left-internal-thoracic-artery-anastomosed-to-the-totally-occluded-left-anterior-descending-coronary-artery
#5
Yochun Jung, Byoung Hee Ahn, Gwan Sic Kim, In Seok Jeong, Kyo Seon Lee, Sang Yun Song, Kook Joo Na, Sang Gi Oh
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with a composite Y-graft made of the left internal thoracic artery (LITA) and another arterial graft has a risk for hypoperfusion. Changes over time in the diameter of the LITA anastomosed to the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) are not known. METHODS: Data were collected for 71 patients who had undergone coronary angiography (CAG) immediately and at 1 year following off-pump CABG with a composite Y-graft made of the LITA and either the radial artery or the right gastroepiploic artery...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894326/preserved-autoregulation-of-coronary-flow-after-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-retrospective-assessment-of-intraoperative-transit-time-flowmetry-with-and-without-intra-aortic-balloon-counterpulsation
#6
Hiroyuki Nakajima, Atsushi Iguchi, Mimiko Tabata, Masaru Kambe, Masahiro Ikeda, Kazuhiko Uwabe, Toshihisa Asakura, Hiroshi Niinami
BACKGROUND: Intra-aortic balloon pumping (IABP) markedly increases graft flow after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with cardiopulmonary bypass. We sought to delineate the effects of IABP on graft flow after off-pump CABG (OPCAB). METHODS: The clinical records of 32 patients (25 male, 7 female; mean age: 70 ± 9 years) who underwent OPCAB with IABP between January 2011 and May 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Thirteen patients (41%) had a history of myocardial infarction, and 13 patients (41%) had a history of percutaneous coronary intervention...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887690/relation-of-mitochondrial-dna-copy-number-in-peripheral-blood-to-postoperative-atrial-fibrillation-after-isolated-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting
#7
Jian Zhang, Shu Xu, Yinli Xu, Yu Liu, Zhi Li, Yuji Zhang, Yan Jin, Xiaodong Xue, Huishan Wang
Oxidative stress has been considered to be an important factor contributing to postoperative atrial fibrillation (PoAF). Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) copy number in peripheral blood has been found to be associated with a patient's oxidative stress. Therefore, we sought to determine whether there was association between mtDNA copy number and the onset of atrial fibrillation. mtDNA copy numbers were measured using the quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction in peripheral blood from 485 consecutive patients with sinus rhythm undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting...
November 1, 2016: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879647/neuroprotective-strategies-during-cardiac-surgery-with-cardiopulmonary-bypass
#8
REVIEW
Aida Salameh, Stefan Dhein, Ingo Dähnert, Norbert Klein
Aortocoronary bypass or valve surgery usually require cardiac arrest using cardioplegic solutions. Although, in principle, in a number of cases beating heart surgery (so-called off-pump technique) is possible, aortic or valve surgery or correction of congenital heart diseases mostly require cardiopulmonary arrest. During this condition, the heart-lung machine also named cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) has to take over the circulation. It is noteworthy that the invention of a machine bypassing the heart and lungs enabled complex cardiac operations, but possible negative effects of the CPB on other organs, especially the brain, cannot be neglected...
November 21, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866054/comparison-of-mirna-signature-versus-conventional-biomarkers-before-and-after-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-graft
#9
Fatemeh Pourrajab, Fereshteh Torkian Velashani, Masoud Khanaghaei, Seyedhossein Hekmatimoghaddam, Mahdi Rahaie, Mohamad Reza Zare-Khormizi
Circulating levels of microRNAs (miRNAs) and their expression patterns are supposed to serve as signatures for diagnosis or prognosis of cardiovascular events. The present study aimed at determining if there is any correlation between the release pattern of 2 miRNAs and the plasma levels of conventional biomarkers cardiac troponin I (cTnI), creatine kinase (CK) and uric acid (UA) in patients undergoing their first off-pump coronary artery bypass graft (OCABG). Seventy OCABG patients (69% men, aged 59.2±8.2years) were enrolled...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856132/long-term-outcome-of-isolated-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease-and-mild-to-moderate-aortic-stenosis
#10
Kizuku Yamashita, Tomoyuki Fujita, Hiroki Hata, Yusuke Shimahara, Yuta Kume, Yorihiko Matsumoto, Junjiro Kobayashi
BACKGROUND: The best management strategy for patients with coronary disease and mild to moderate AS requires the clinician to consider the operative risks of isolated coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) against the risks of untreated aortic stenosis (AS). METHODS: Between 2000 and 2014, isolated off-pump CABG (OPCAB) was performed in 2023 patients. Of these patients, 103 presented with mild or moderate AS (mean age 72.7±6.3 years; 23 females), 96 (93.2%) presented with mild AS and seven (6...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849817/174-new-onset-fragmented-qrs-and-myocardial-damage-after-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery
#11
Daisuke Kawakami, Hiroshi Ueta, Hiroyuki Mima, Takahiro Shimozono, Akira Korenaga, Yuki Nakamori, Kazuo Yamazaki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847090/a-safe-technique-for-using-an-enclose-ii-anastomosis-assist-device-during-off-pump-coronary-bypass
#12
Tsutomu Matsushita, Shinsuke Masuda, Tomohito Kanzaki
Several proximal anastomosis devices have been developed to facilitate the creation of a clampless, hand-sewn coronary artery bypass-to-ascending aorta anastomosis. An Enclose II anastomosis assist device (Novare Surgical Systems, Cupertino, CA) is a device commonly used for this purpose. We demonstrate a new, easy, and safe technique for cutting the aortic wall and making a punch hole over the aorta.
December 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845992/assessing-the-effect-of-exogenous-albumin-on-the-incidence-of-postoperative-acute-kidney-injury-in-patients-undergoing-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery
#13
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836299/on-pump-versus-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-in-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease-and-coronary-artery-disease-a-nation-wide-propensity-score-matched-database-analyses
#14
Jien-Jiun Chen, Lian-Yu Lin, Yao-Hsu Yang, Juey-Jen Hwang, Pau-Chung Chen, Jiunn-Lee Lin, Nai-Hsin Chi
OBJECTIVE: The usage of on or off cardiopulmonary bypass in patients with coronary artery disease receiving coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery had been debated and had not yet been investigated thoroughly in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). We aimed to study cardiovascular outcomes and total mortality in these patients by using our National Health Insurance (NHI) database. METHOD: By using our NHI ESRD claim database, we searched ESRD patients aged more than 18years, who received CABG and divided them into on pump and off pump groups...
November 3, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834450/echocardiographic-detection-of-left-ventricular-thrombus-in-patients-undergoing-heartmate-ii-left-ventricular-assist-device-implantation
#15
Heidi B Schubmehl, Vakhtang Tchantchaleishvili, Eugene Storoznsky, Jeffrey D Alexis, Leway Chen, Howard T Massey
PURPOSE: Transthoracic (TTE) and transesophageal echocardiograms (TEE) are considered accurate in detecting the presence of left ventricular (LV) thrombus. A persistent LV thrombus poses risks of pump thrombosis and stroke in LVAD recipients. The relationship between preoperative echocardiography and intraoperative findings at LVAD implantation has not previously been studied. METHODS: A retrospective review examined all patients undergoing LVAD placement or exchange from October 2011 to March 2014...
November 11, 2016: International Journal of Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833497/peroneal-nerve-palsy-after-compression-stockings-application
#16
Jun Hyun Kim, Won Il Kim, Ji Yeon Kim, Won Joo Choe
Peroneal nerve palsy can be caused by various etiology. We report unilateral peroneal nerve palsy after compression stockings application. A 64-year-old man underwent off-pump coronary bypass graft. Surgeon did not use saphenous vein for the bypass graft. Sedation was stopped after 3 h postoperative. After 16 h, for prophylaxis of deep vein thrombosis, knee-high elastic stocking was applied. After 1 h, he took off right stocking because of numbness but left stocking was kept. After 24 h postoperative, (8 h after stocking application) patient complained suddenly left foot drop...
October 2016: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830337/the-impact-of-surgical-left-atrial-appendage-amputation-ligation-on-stroke-prevention-in-patients-undergoing-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting
#17
Daisuke Endo, Tomoko S Kato, Tai Iwamura, Atsumi Oishi, Yasutaka Yokoyama, Kenji Kuwaki, Hirotaka Inaba, Atsushi Amano
Stroke is a major adverse event in patients developing atrial fibrillation (AF) after cardiac surgery. Surgical left atrial appendage amputation/ligation (LAA-A/L) during off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB) is routinely performed in our institution. We analyzed 578 consecutive patients (mean age 69 years, male 82%) undergoing OPCAB with or without concomitant LAA-A/L from 2011 to 2014 at our institution in a prospective observational manner. The safety and efficacy of the concomitant LAA-A/L on preventing early (<30 days) and overall postoperative stroke were examined...
November 9, 2016: Heart and Vessels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823597/frequency-of-deep-vein-thrombosis-and-or-pulmonary-embolism-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-investigation-regardless-of-clinical-suspicion
#18
Vitor B Viana, Emanoel R Melo, Mario Terra-Filho, Luis A Dallan, Maria M Gonzalez, Ludhmila A Hajjar, Fabio B Jatene, Luiz A Cesar, Caio B Vianna
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) includes deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and/or pulmonary embolism (PE). Many surgeons and clinicians believe that VTE after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) has little clinical significance because it is seldom diagnosed. This study aimed to identify VTE after CABG, independent of clinical suspicion. In this prospective, observational, single-center study, 100 patients underwent computed tomographic pulmonary angiography (multidetector-64) and lower extremity venous compressive ultrasound after elective CABG...
October 8, 2016: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821829/-minimally-invasive-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-using-proximal-anastomoses-device-report-of-a-case
#19
Akihiko Yamauchi, Masaki Tabuchi, Daisuke Toritsuka, Keita Kikuchi
A 68-years-old male with diabetes mellitius (HbA1c 6.5%) was referred for coronary artery bypass grafting(CABG). Preoperative coronary angiography (CAG) signed 3-vessels coronary disease[#2 75 %,#4 posterior descending (PD) 75%,#6 90%,#14 90%]. Minimally invasive coronary artery grafting (MICS CABG) was selected because of faster postoperative recovery than off-pump CABG via a 10 cm left 5th thoracotomy approach. In situ bilateral internal thoracic artery(BITA) and saphenous vein (SVG) was harvested by special manner using long type Harmonic...
November 2016: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821823/-new-intracoronary-shunt-cannula-in-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting
#20
Masaki Tabuchi, Ryo Harada, Akitatsu Yamashita, Seiichi Funamoto, Kazutoshi Tachibana, Yasuko Miyaki, Nobuyuki Takagi, Shinya Terada, Daisuke Toritsuka, Akihiko Yamauchi, Tetsuya Higami
In off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting(OPCAB), a bloodless operative field has great influence on the quality of anastomosis. In addition, maintenance of distal coronary flow during anastomosis stabilizes hemodynamics. We introduced a new intracoronary shunt cannula, Mini Shunt Pro (MSP). MSP adopts the step-tip, which allows easy insertion and reduces the risk of intimal injury. The distal and proximal sides of the tips of MSP are 0.25 mm different in diameter, which improves its fitness to the coronary artery and enhances a bloodless operative field...
November 2016: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
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