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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234356/the-opportunities-of-virtual-reality-in-the-rehabilitation-of-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-literature-review
#1
REVIEW
Azadeh Bashiri, Marjan Ghazisaeedi, Leila Shahmoradi
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common psychiatric disorders in childhood. This disorder, in addition to its main symptoms, creates significant difficulties in education, social performance, and personal relationships. Given the importance of rehabilitation for these patients to combat the above issues, the use of virtual reality (VR) technology is helpful. The aim of this study was to highlight the opportunities for VR in the rehabilitation of children with ADHD. This narrative review was conducted by searching for articles in scientific databases and e-Journals, using keywords including VR, children, and ADHD...
November 2017: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151406/towards-operationalising-internal-distractibility-mind-wandering-in-adults-with-adhd
#2
Joseph Biederman, Maura Fitzgerald, Mai Uchida, Thomas J Spencer, Ronna Fried, Jennifer Wicks, Alexandra Saunders, Stephen V Faraone
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether specific symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) can help identify ADHD patients with mind wandering. METHODS: Subjects were adults ages 18-55 of both sexes (n=41) who completed the Mind-Wandering Questionnaire (MWQ) and the ADHD module of the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children Epidemiologic Version. We used Spearman's rank correlation and Pearson's χ2 analyses to examine associations between the ADHD module and the MWQ and receiver operator characteristic (ROC) analyses to evaluate the diagnostic efficiency of the ADHD module...
December 2017: Acta Neuropsychiatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100171/the-danger-of-being-inattentive%C3%A2-%C3%A2-adhd-symptoms-and-risky-sexual-behaviour-in-russian-adolescents
#3
J Isaksson, A Stickley, R Koposov, V Ruchkin
BACKGROUND: Prior research has indicated that attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms may be associated with an increased likelihood of engaging in risky sexual behaviour (RSB). However, research on this association among adolescents has been comparatively limited and mainly confined to North America. The aim of this study was to examine if inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity symptoms were linked to RSB in a community cohort sample of Russian adolescents. METHODS: The study was based on a group of 537 adolescents from Northern Russia...
September 28, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024843/multisensory-integration-and-adhd-like-traits-evidence-for-an-abnormal-temporal-integration-window-in-adhd
#4
Maria Panagiotidi, Paul G Overton, Tom Stafford
Abnormalities in multimodal processing have been found in many developmental disorders such as autism and dyslexia. However, surprisingly little empirical work has been conducted to test the integrity of multisensory integration in Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). The main aim of the present study was to examine links between symptoms of ADHD (as measured using a self-report scale in a healthy adult population) and the temporal aspects of multisensory processing. More specifically, a Simultaneity Judgement (SJ) and a Temporal Order Judgement (TOJ) task were used in participants with low and high levels of ADHD-like traits to measure the temporal integration window and Just-Noticeable Difference (JND) (respectively) between the timing of an auditory beep and a visual pattern presented over a broad range of stimulus onset asynchronies...
October 9, 2017: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913698/reduced-value-driven-attentional-capture-among-children-with-adhd-compared-to-typically-developing-controls
#5
Anthony W Sali, Brian A Anderson, Steven Yantis, Stewart H Mostofsky, Keri S Rosch
The current study examined whether children with ADHD were more distracted by a stimulus previously associated with reward, but currently goal-irrelevant, than their typically-developing peers. In addition, we also probed the associated cognitive and motivational mechanisms by examining correlations with other behavioral tasks. Participants included 8-12 year-old children with ADHD (n = 30) and typically developing controls (n = 26). Children were instructed to visually search for color-defined targets and received monetary rewards for accurate responses...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901210/does-working-memory-impact-functional-outcomes-in-individuals-with-adhd-a-qualitative-and-comprehensive-literature-review
#6
Ronna Fried, Jessica Abrams, Anna Hall, Leah Feinberg, Amanda Pope, Joseph Biederman
OBJECTIVE: Working Memory (WM) is a domain of executive functioning often impaired in individuals with ADHD. Although assumed to cause difficulties across functioning, the scope of impairments from WM deficits in ADHD has not been investigated. The aim of this study was to examine outcomes associated with WM deficits in ADHD. METHOD: We conducted a search of the scientific literature on WM deficits, and Freedom From Distractibility (FFD), in ADHD using PubMed and PsycInfo databases...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791517/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-interrai-child-and-youth-mental-health-disruptive-aggression-behaviour-scale-dabs-and-hyperactive-distraction-scale-hds
#7
Chloe Lau, Shannon L Stewart, Donald H Saklofske, Paul F Tremblay, John Hirdes
The present study aims to validate the interRAI Child and Youth Mental Health (interRAI ChYMH), Disruptive/Aggression Behaviour Scale (DABS) and Hyperactive/Distraction Scale (HDS). Data were collected from children/youth aged 4-18 (N = 3464) across 39 mental health agencies in Ontario, Canada. Unrestricted factor analysis using polychoric correlation matrices and Samejima's graded item response theory (IRT) parameterizations were conducted for both measures. Scores on the HDS and DABS were also compared amongst children/youth diagnosed with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and disruptive behaviour disorder (DBD) respectively using DSM-IV criteria...
August 8, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771088/behavioral-effects-of-a-locomotor-based-physical-activity-intervention-in-preschoolers
#8
Sarah Burkart, Jasmin Roberts, Matthew C Davidson, Sofiya Alhassan
BACKGROUND: Poor adaptive learning behaviors (ie, distractibility, inattention, and disruption) are associated with behavior problems and underachievement in school, as well as indicating potential attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Strategies are needed to limit these behaviors. Physical activity (PA) has been suggested to improve behavior in school-aged children, but little is known about this relationship in preschoolers. This study examined the effects of a PA intervention on classroom behaviors in preschool-aged children...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770370/exploring-deficient-emotion-regulation-in-adult-adhd-electrophysiological-evidence
#9
Anna Shushakova, Patricia Ohrmann, Anya Pedersen
Emotional dysregulation (ED) is being increasingly recognized as a core feature of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), but the pathophysiological underpinnings remain unclear. In this study, we provide meaningful electrophysiological evidence of ED in adult patients with ADHD (n = 39) compared to healthy controls (n = 40) by exploring the electrophysiological correlates of the emotion regulation strategies reappraisal, distraction, and expressive suppression. Event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded during passive viewing of neutral and negative images, as well as during emotion regulation...
August 2, 2017: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759980/evaluating-the-features-of-the-brain-waves-to-quantify-adhd-improvement-by-neurofeedback
#10
Peyman Dehghanpour, Zahra Einalou
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), as one of the most common neurological disorders in children and adolescents, is characterized by decentralization, slow learning, distraction and hyperactivity. Studies have shown that in addition to medication, neurofeedback training can also be used to partially control the brain activity of these patients. METHODS: In this study, using the brain signals processing before and after the treatment in 10 children treated by neurofeedback, the changes were evaluated by non-parametric statistical analysis and impact of neurofeedback on brain frequency bands was investigated...
October 23, 2017: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538047/auditory-processing-disorder-what-does-it-mean-and-what-can-be-done
#11
Krista Bartlett, Elissa Kelley, Julie Purdy, Martin T Stein
Julian, an 11-year-old boy in the sixth grade with a compliant disposition and a positive attitude, has had a significant decline in his academic performance over the last 2 years. He spends much of his time in the nurse's office with headaches and fatigue. He reports that he cannot concentrate or follow along in class. Vision and hearing screenings were normal.Julian's teachers report that although he has no behavior problem, he is inattentive and does not put forth the effort she feels he is capable of giving...
June 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511579/does-an-attention-bias-to-appetitive-and-aversive-words-modulate-interference-control-in-youth-with-adhd
#12
Ili Ma, Gabry W Mies, Nanda N J Lambregts-Rommelse, Jan K Buitelaar, Antonius H N Cillessen, Anouk Scheres
Interference control refers to the ability to selectively attend to certain information while ignoring distracting information. This ability can vary as a function of distractor relevance. Distractors that are particularly relevant to an individual may attract more attention than less relevant distractors. This is referred to as attention bias. Weak interference control and altered reward sensitivity are both important features of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, interference control is typically studied in isolation...
May 16, 2017: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492867/distracted-driving-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#13
Vishal Madaan, Daniel J Cox
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392322/manipulation-of-dopamine-metabolism-contributes-to-attenuating-innate-high-locomotor-activity-in-icr-mice
#14
Takeshi Yamaguchi, Mao Nagasawa, Hiromi Ikeda, Momoko Kodaira, Kimie Minaminaka, Vishwajit S Chowdhury, Shinobu Yasuo, Mitsuhiro Furuse
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is defined as attention deficiency, restlessness and distraction. The main characteristics of ADHD are hyperactivity, impulsiveness and carelessness. There is a possibility that these abnormal behaviors, in particular hyperactivity, are derived from abnormal dopamine (DA) neurotransmission. To elucidate the mechanism of high locomotor activity, the relationship between innate activity levels and brain monoamines and amino acids was investigated in this study. Differences in locomotor activity between ICR, C57BL/6J and CBA/N mice were determined using the open field test...
April 6, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378204/a-schizophrenia-relevant-5-choice-serial-reaction-time-task-for-mice-assessing-broad-monitoring-distractibility-and-impulsivity
#15
Huiping Huang, Simone Guadagna, Maddalena Mereu, Mariasole Ciampoli, Giacomo Pruzzo, Theresa Ballard, Francesco Papaleo
The 5-Choice Serial Reaction Time Task (5-CSRTT) is an automated test for rodents allowing the assessment of multiple cognitive measures. Originally designed to assess cognitive deficits relevant to attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, it has been widely used in the investigation of neural systems of attention. In the current study, we have set up a modified version, which reduced the training phase to only 8-9 days with minimal food deprivation and without single-housing. Furthermore, based on evidence that patients with schizophrenia are more impaired in broad monitoring abilities than in sustained attention, we successfully developed a protocol replicating the Spatial Attentional Resource Allocation Task (SARAT), used in humans to assess broad monitoring...
July 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361657/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-motor-impairment
#16
REVIEW
Juliana B Goulardins, Juliana C B Marques, Jorge A De Oliveira
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most common neurobehavioral disorder during childhood, affecting approximately 3-6% of school-aged children; its cardinal symptoms of high activity, impulsivity, and behavioral distractibility might be assumed to have close relationships to interferences with motor skills. A separate body of literature attests to ways that motor problems can severely impact children's daily lives, as motor problems may occur in 30-50% of children with ADHD. This article critically reviews research on motor impairment in children with ADHD, notable differences in motor performance of individuals with ADHD compared with age-matched controls, and possible neural underpinnings of this impairment...
April 2017: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347858/higher-interference-susceptibility-in-reaction-time-task-is-accompanied-by-weakened-functional-dissociation-between-salience-and-default-mode-network
#17
Florian N Götting, Viola Borchardt, Liliana R Demenescu, Vanessa Teckentrup, Katharina Dinica, Anton R Lord, Tim Rohe, Dorothea I Hausdörfer, Meng Li, Coraline D Metzger, Martin Walter
BACKGROUND: The relationship between task-positive and task-negative components of brain networks has repeatedly been shown to be characterized by dissociated fluctuations of spontaneous brain activity. We tested whether the interaction between task-positive and task-negative brain areas during resting-state predicts higher interference susceptibility, i.e. increased reaction times (RTs), during an Attention Modulation by Salience Task (AMST). METHODS: 29 males underwent 3T resting-state Magnetic Resonance Imaging scanning...
March 27, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254649/altered-perceptual-pseudoneglect-in-adhd-evidence-for-a-functional-disconnection-from-early-visual-activation
#18
Jiaqing Chen, Matthias Niemeier
Novel insights into the right-brain dominant functions of spatial attention and visual awareness may come from the peculiar observation that the attentional bias to the left in healthy individuals, called "pseudoneglect," increases with visual noise superimposed onto test stimuli. However, it is unclear if this effect originates from noise activating early visual areas or causing higher-level cognitive interference. Cognitive distraction and load are known to induce neglect-like rightward biases in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)...
February 28, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199914/controlling-attention-to-gaze-and-arrows-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#19
Andrea Marotta, Augusto Pasini, Erica Menotti, Alessia Pasquini, Maria Bernarda Pitzianti, Maria Casagrande
The aim of this research was to assess implicit processing of social and non-social distracting cues in children with ADHD. Young people with ADHD and matched controls were asked to classify target words (LEFT/RIGHT) which were accompanied by a distracter eye-gaze or arrow. Typically developing participants showed evidence of interference effects from both eye-gaze and arrow distracters. In contrast, the ADHD group showed evidence of interference effects from arrow but failed to show interference from eye-gaze...
May 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164277/event-related-potential-measures-of-executive-functioning-from-preschool-to-adolescence
#20
REVIEW
Michelle Downes, Joe Bathelt, Michelle De Haan
Executive functions are a collection of cognitive abilities necessary for behavioural control and regulation, and are important for school success. Executive deficits are common across acquired and developmental disorders in childhood and beyond. This review aims to summarize how studies using event-related potential (ERP) can provide insight into mechanisms underpinning how executive functions develop in children from preschool to adolescence. We specifically focus on ERP components that are considered to be well-established markers of executive functioning, including the ability to resist distraction (inhibition, N200), hold scenes in mind (visuospatial working memory, contralateral delay activity), attend to specific stimuli (information processing, P300), follow rules (response monitoring, error-related negativity [ERN], and error-related positivity [Pe]), and adjust to feedback (outcome monitoring, feedback-related negativity)...
June 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
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