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Heterogeneity breast metastasis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340409/dynamics-of-3d-carcinoma-cell-invasion-into-aligned-collagen
#1
Arja Ray, Rachel K Morford, Nima Ghaderi, David J Odde, Paolo P Provenzano
Carcinoma cells frequently expand and invade from a confined lesion, or multicellular clusters, into and through the stroma on the path to metastasis, often with an efficiency dictated by the architecture and composition of the microenvironment. Specifically, in desmoplastic carcinomas such as those of the breast, aligned collagen tracks provide contact guidance cues for directed cancer cell invasion. Yet, the evolving dynamics of this process of invasion remains poorly understood, in part due to difficulties in continuously capturing both spatial and temporal heterogeneity and progression to invasion in experimental systems...
January 17, 2018: Integrative Biology: Quantitative Biosciences From Nano to Macro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337566/cationic-polymeric-nanoparticle-delivering-ccr2-sirna-to-inflammatory-monocytes-for-tumor-microenvironment-modification-and-cancer-therapy
#2
Song Shen, Yue Zhang, Kai-Ge Chen, Ying-Li Luo, Jun Wang
Accumulating evidence has confirmed that malignant tumors have a complex microenvironment, which consists of a heterogeneous collection of tumor cells and other cell subsets (including the full gamut of immune cells). Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs), derived from circulating Ly6Chi monocytes, constitute the most substantial fraction of tumor-infiltrating immune cells in nearly all cancer types and contribute to tumor progression, vascularization, metastasis, immunosuppression and therapeutic resistance...
January 16, 2018: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329589/enhanced-metastatic-capacity-of-breast-cancer-cells-after-interaction-and-hybrid-formation-with-mesenchymal-stroma-stem-cells-msc
#3
Catharina Melzer, Juliane von der Ohe, Ralf Hass
BACKGROUND: Fusion of breast cancer cells with tumor-associated populations of the microenvironment including mesenchymal stroma/stem-like cells (MSC) represents a rare event in cell communication whereby the metastatic capacity of those hybrid cells remains unclear. METHODS: Functional changes were investigated in vitro and in vivo following spontaneous fusion and hybrid cell formation between primary human MSC and human MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells. Thus, lentiviral eGFP-labeled MSC and breast cancer cells labeled with mcherry resulted in dual-fluorescing hybrid cells after co-culture...
January 5, 2018: Cell Communication and Signaling: CCS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322114/characteristics-of-special-type-breast-tumors-in-our-center
#4
Tonguç Utku Yılmaz, Levent Trabzonlu, Sertaç Ata Güler, Mehmet Ali Baran, Gökhan Pösteki, Cengiz Erçin, Zafer Utkan
Objective: Breast cancer is a heterogeneous disease with different histological types. Ductal breast cancer constitutes the vast majority of the breast cancers. However limited data are present in the rest of breast cancers called special or rare type breast cancers. Here in this study, we tried to describe the clinical features of special type breast cancers in our center. Materials and Methods: Retrospective descriptive study was performed in Kocaeli University School of Medicine, Department of General Surgery between January 2000 and January 2016...
January 2018: European Journal of Breast Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320459/the-landscape-of-small-non-coding-rnas-in-triple-negative-breast-cancer
#5
Yan Guo, Hui Yu, Jing Wang, Quanhu Sheng, Shilin Zhao, Ying-Yong Zhao, Brian D Lehmann
Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is an operational term for breast cancers lacking targetable estrogen receptor expression and HER2 amplifications. TNBC is, therefore, inherently heterogeneous, and is associated with worse prognosis, greater rates of metastasis, and earlier onset. TNBC displays mutational and transcriptional diversity, and distinct mRNA transcriptional subtypes exhibiting unique biology. High-throughput sequencing has extended cancer research far beyond protein coding regions that include non-coding small RNAs, such as miRNA, isomiR, tRNA, snoRNAs, snRNA, yRNA, 7SL, and 7SK...
January 10, 2018: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311117/expanded-genomic-profiling-of-circulating-tumor-cells-in-metastatic-breast-cancer-patients-to-assess-biomarker-status-and-biology-over-time
#6
Mark Jesus M Magbanua, Hope S Rugo, Denise M Wolfe, Louai Hauranieh, Ritu Roy, Praveen Pendyala, Eduardo Sosa, Janet H Scott, Jin Sun Lee, Brandelyn N Pitcher, Terry M Hyslop, William T Barry, Steven J Isakoff, Maura N Dickler, Laura J Van't Veer, John W Park
Purpose: We profiled circulating tumor cells (CTCs) patients to study the biology of blood-borne metastasis and to monitor biomarker status in metastatic breast cancer (MBC).Methods: CTCs were isolated from 105 MBC patients using EPCAM-based immunomagnetic enrichment and fluorescence-activated cells sorting (IE/FACs), 28 of whom had serial CTC analysis (74 samples, 2-5 time points). CTCs were subjected to microfluidic-based multiplex QPCR array of 64 cancer-related genes (n=151) and genome-wide copy number analysis by array comparative genomic hybridization (n=49)...
January 8, 2018: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309924/aggressive-triple-negative-breast-cancers-have-unique-molecular-signature-on-the-basis-of-mitochondrial-genetic-and-functional-defects
#7
Manti Guha, Satish Srinivasan, Pichai Raman, Yuefu Jiang, Brett A Kaufman, Deanne Taylor, Dawei Dong, Rumela Chakrabarti, Martin Picard, Russ P Carstens, Yuko Kijima, Mike Feldman, Narayan G Avadhani
Metastatic breast cancer is a leading cause of cancer-related deaths in women worldwide. Patients with Triple Negative breast cancer (TNBCs), a highly aggressive tumor subtype, have a particularly poor prognosis. Multiple reports demonstrate that altered content of the multicopy mitochondrial genome (mtDNA) in primary breast tumors correlates with poor prognosis. We earlier reported that mtDNA copy number reduction in breast cancer cell lines induces an epithelial-mesenchymal transition associated with metastasis...
January 5, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290778/increased-expression-of-mir-155-and-mir-222-is-associated-with-lymph-node-positive-status
#8
Vladimir Chernyy, Vladimir Pustylnyak, Vadim Kozlov, Lyudmila Gulyaeva
Identification of prognostic molecular markers of breast cancer is extremely important. The spreading out of the primary breast tumour cells to the lymphatic system is at the forefront of symbolising the first signs of distant organ metastasis. Deregulated genes in breast cancer tissues that spread to lymph nodes may show early predictive molecular markers. In the present study, we selected five microRNAs, which play a key function in the invasion-metastasis cascade. We investigated the levels of microRNAs in 80 paired samples of BC and matched adjoining tissues, and we examined the potential relationships between microRNA levels and positive lymph node status...
2018: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278411/perfusion-applied-to-a-3d-model-of-bone-metastasis-results-in-uniformly-dispersed-mechanical-stimuli
#9
Boyuan Liu, Suyue Han, Brandon P Hedrick, Yahya Modarres-Sadeghi, Maureen E Lynch
Breast cancer most frequently metastasizes to the skeleton. Bone metastatic cancer is incurable and induces wide-spread bone osteolysis, resulting in significant patient morbidity and mortality. Mechanical cues in the skeleton are an important microenvironmental parameter that modulate tumor formation, osteolysis, and tumor cell-bone cell signaling, but which mechanical signals are the most beneficial and the corresponding molecular mechanisms are unknown. We focused on interstitial fluid flow based on its well-known role in bone remodeling and in primary breast cancer...
December 26, 2017: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277505/collagen-prolyl-hydroxylase-3-has-a-tumor-suppressive-activity-in-human-lung-cancer
#10
Yong Li, Yuan Chen, Yunxia Ma, Miljana Nenkov, Daniela Haase, Iver Petersen
Collagen prolyl hydroxylases (P3H) are required for proper collagen biosynthesis. One of the family members P3H3 was downregulated in breast cancer and lymphoma due to DNA methylation. However the role of P3H3 in lung cancer has not yet been elucidated. In this study, we analyzed P3H3 expression in a panel of lung cancer cell lines and primary lung tumors. Epigenetic regulation was explored and the function of P3H3 was investigated by stable transfection and RNA interference. We found that P3H3 was downregulated in 6 out of 10 lung cancer cell lines...
December 22, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249801/foxc1-induced-non-canonical-wnt5a-mmp7-signaling-regulates-invasiveness-in-triple-negative-breast-cancer
#11
Bingchen Han, Bo Zhou, Ying Qu, Bowen Gao, Yali Xu, Stacey Chung, Hisashi Tanaka, Wei Yang, Armando E Giuliano, Xiaojiang Cui
Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) has high rates of local recurrence and distant metastasis, partially due to its high invasiveness. The Forkhead box C1 (FOXC1) transcription factor has been shown to be specifically overexpressed in TNBC and associated with poor clinical outcome. How TNBC's high invasiveness is driven by FOXC1 and its downstream targets remains poorly understood. In the present study, pathway-specific PCR array assays revealed that WNT5A and matrix metalloproteinase-7 (MMP7) were upregulated by FOXC1 in TNBC cells...
December 18, 2017: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244827/neuroligin-4x-overexpression-in-human-breast-cancer-is-associated-with-poor-relapse-free-survival
#12
Henry J Henderson, Balasubramanyam Karanam, Rajeev Samant, Komal Vig, Shree R Singh, Clayton Yates, Deepa Bedi
The molecular mechanisms involved in breast cancer progression and metastasis still remain unclear to date. It is a heterogeneous disease featuring several different phenotypes with consistently different biological characteristics. Neuroligins are neural cell adhesion molecules that have been implicated in heterotopic cell adhesion. In humans, alterations in neuroligin genes are implicated in autism and other cognitive diseases. Until recently, neuroligins have been shown to be abundantly expressed in blood vessels and also play a role implicated in the growth of glioma cells...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228910/the-prognosis-of-invasive-micropapillary-carcinoma-compared-with-invasive-ductal-carcinoma-in-the-breast-a-meta-analysis
#13
Yun Wu, Ning Zhang, Qifeng Yang
BACKGROUND: Invasive micropapillary carcinoma (IMPC) of the breast is a rare variant of invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC). The prognosis of IMPC compared with that of IDC remains controversial; we conducted a meta-analysis to evaluate the prognostic difference between IMPC and IDC. METHODS: We searched the PubMed, Cochrane Library, and EMBASE databases for relevant studies comparing overall survival (OS), disease-specific survival (DSS), relapse-free survival (RFS), local-regional recurrence-free survival (LRRFS) or distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS) rates between IMPC and IDC...
December 11, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164052/development-of-novel-patient-derived-xenografts-from-breast-cancer-brain-metastases
#14
María J Contreras-Zárate, D Ryan Ormond, Austin E Gillen, Colton Hanna, Nicole L Day, Natalie J Serkova, Britta M Jacobsen, Susan M Edgerton, Ann D Thor, Virginia F Borges, Kevin O Lillehei, Michael W Graner, Peter Kabos, Diana M Cittelly
Brain metastases are an increasing burden among breast cancer patients, particularly for those with HER2(+) and triple negative (TN) subtypes. Mechanistic insight into the pathophysiology of brain metastases and preclinical validation of therapies has relied almost exclusively on intracardiac injection of brain-homing cells derived from highly aggressive TN MDA-MB-231 and HER2(+) BT474 breast cancer cell lines. Yet, these well characterized models are far from representing the tumor heterogeneity observed clinically and, due to their fast progression in vivo, their suitability to validate therapies for established brain metastasis remains limited...
2017: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161592/tumor-suppressor-inactivation-of-gdf11-occurs-by-precursor-sequestration-in-triple-negative-breast-cancer
#15
Sameer S Bajikar, Chun-Chao Wang, Michael A Borten, Elizabeth J Pereira, Kristen A Atkins, Kevin A Janes
Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is an aggressive and heterogeneous carcinoma in which various tumor-suppressor genes are lost by mutation, deletion, or silencing. Here we report a tumor-suppressive mode of action for growth-differentiation factor 11 (GDF11) and an unusual mechanism of its inactivation in TNBC. GDF11 promotes an epithelial, anti-invasive phenotype in 3D triple-negative cultures and intraductal xenografts by sustaining expression of E-cadherin and inhibitor of differentiation 2 (ID2). Surprisingly, clinical TNBCs retain the GDF11 locus and expression of the protein itself...
November 20, 2017: Developmental Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156895/survival-analysis-of-malignant-epidural-spinal-cord-compression-after-palliative-radiotherapy-using-tokuhashi-scoring-system-and-the-impact-of-systemic-therapy
#16
Wing Ho Mui, Tai Chung Lam, Frank Chi Sing Wong, Wing King Sze
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown similar clinical outcomes of both single and multi-fraction (Fr) radiation therapy among malignant epidural spinal cord compression (MSCC) patients with poor prognosis; whereas, patients expected to have longer survival may require long-course radiotherapy to prevent local failure. However, such a poor prognosis risk group has not yet been clearly identified for use in daily clinical practice. We examined if the known predictive Tokuhashi scoring system could be adapted in MSCC patients treated with palliative radiation therapy...
August 29, 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152453/targeting-the-stem-cell-properties-of-adult-breast-cancer-cells-using-combinatorial-strategies-to-overcome-drug-resistance
#17
Naira V Margaryan, Elisabeth A Seftor, Richard E B Seftor, Mary J C Hendrix
Purpose of review: Cancer is a major public health problem worldwide. In aggressive cancers, which are heterogeneous in nature, there exists a paucity of targetable molecules that can be used to predict outcome and response to therapy in patients, especially those in the high risk category with a propensity to relapse following chemotherapy. This review addresses the challenges pertinent to treating aggressive cancer cells with inherent stem cell properties, with a special focus on triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC)...
September 2017: Current Molecular Biology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113326/impact-of-inducible-nitric-oxide-synthase-inos-expression-on-triple-negative-breast-cancer-outcome-and-activation-of-egfr-and-erk-signaling-pathways
#18
Pablo Garrido, Aliaa Shalaby, Elaine M Walsh, Nessa Keane, Mark Webber, Maccon M Keane, Francis J Sullivan, Michael J Kerin, Grace Callagy, Aideen E Ryan, Sharon A Glynn
Inflammation is implicated in triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) progression. TNBC carries a worse prognosis than other breast cancer subtypes, and with the clinical and molecular heterogeneity of TNBC, there is a lack of effective therapeutic targets available. Identification of molecular targets for TNBC subtypes is crucial towards personalized patient stratification. Inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) has been shown to induce p53 mutation accumulation, basal-like gene signature enrichment and transactivation of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) via s-nitrosylation...
October 6, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082257/high-platelet-to-lymphocyte-ratio-predicts-poor-prognosis-and-clinicopathological-characteristics-in-patients-with-breast-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Miao Zhang, Xuan-Zhang Huang, Yong-Xi Song, Peng Gao, Jing-Xu Sun, Zhen-Ning Wang
BACKGROUND: We aimed to evaluate the correlation of platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) with prognosis and clinicopathological characteristics of breast cancer. METHODS: The PubMed and Embase databases were searched. Hazard ratio (HR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) was used to summarize disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS). Odds ratio (OR) was used to summarize tumor clinicopathological characteristics. RESULTS: High PLR was associated with poor DFS and OS (DFS: HR = 1...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076877/the-role-of-molecular-testing-in-the-differential-diagnosis-of-salivary-gland-carcinomas
#20
Alena Skálová, Göran Stenman, Roderick H W Simpson, Henrik Hellquist, David Slouka, Tomas Svoboda, Justin A Bishop, Jennifer L Hunt, Ken-Ichi Nibu, Alessandra Rinaldo, Vincent Vander Poorten, Kenneth O Devaney, Petr Steiner, Alfio Ferlito
Salivary gland neoplasms are a morphologically heterogenous group of lesions that are often diagnostically challenging. In recent years, considerable progress in salivary gland taxonomy has been reached by the discovery of tumor type-specific fusion oncogenes generated by chromosome translocations. This review describes the clinicopathologic features of a selected group of salivary gland carcinomas with a focus on their distinctive genomic characteristics. Mammary analog secretory carcinoma is a recently described entity characterized by a t(12;15)(p13;q25) translocation resulting in an ETV6-NTRK3 fusion...
February 2018: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
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