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Continuing medical education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035798/sexual-function-and-related-factors-in-iranian-woman-with-epilepsy
#1
Zahra Atarodi-Kashani, Nourossadat Kariman, Abbas Ebadi, Hamid Alavi Majd, Nahid Beladi-Moghadam
PURPOSE: Epileptic women are faced with many sexual challenges in their life due to medical and non-medical factors. The present study was conducted to assess sexual function in epileptic women and its related factors. METHOD: The present cross-sectional study was conducted on 196 epileptic married women of reproductive age who were members of the Iranian Epilepsy Association and were selected continuously over six months through convenience sampling. The data collection tools included the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) and questions about the causes of sexual dysfunction...
October 5, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034117/correlates-of-cervical-cancer-screening-among-adult-latino-women-a-5-year-follow-up
#2
Patria Rojas, Tan Li, Gira J Ravelo, Christyl Dawson, Mariana Sanchez, Alicia Sneij, Weize Wang, Mariano Kanamori, Elena Cyrus, Mario R De La Rosa
BACKGROUND: Latinas have the highest incidence rates of cervical cancer in the United States, and Latinas in the United States are less likely to utilize cervical cancer screening. METHOD: We used secondary data analysis of a non-clinical convenience sample (n=316 women at baseline; n=285 at five-year follow-up) to examine correlates of cervical cancer screening among adult Latina women. Univariate and multiple logistic regression models using Generalized Estimated Equations (GEE) algorithm were utilized to assess the influence of the independent variables...
June 2017: World Medical & Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032050/positive-predictive-value-estimates-for-cell-free-noninvasive-prenatal-screening-from-data-of-a-large-referral-genetic-diagnostic-laboratory
#3
Andrea K Petersen, Sau Wai Cheung, Janice L Smith, Weimin Bi, Patricia A Ward, Sandra Peacock, Alicia Braxton, Ignatia B van den Veyver, Amy M Breman
BACKGROUND: Since its debut in 2011, cell-free fetal DNA (cffDNA) screening has undergone rapid expansion with respect to both utilization and coverage. However, conclusive data regarding the clinical validity and utility of this screening tool, both for the originally included common autosomal and sex-chromosomal aneuploidies as well as the more recently added chromosomal microdeletion syndromes, has lagged behind. Thus, there is a continued need to educate clinicians and patients about the current benefits and limitations of this screening tool to inform pre and post-test counseling, pre/perinatal decision making and medical risk assessment/management...
October 12, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030938/opioid-use-disorder-and-misuse-a-review-of-the-epidemiology-and-medical-implications-for-pediatric-anesthesiologists
#4
REVIEW
Emily Knipper, Caleb J Banta-Green, Nathalia Jimenez
This educational review presents an overview of opioid use disorder, misuse and overdose among adolescents, and the clinical implications for anesthesiologists. It provides definitions, discusses the epidemiology worldwide, (focusing on North America), and emphasizes the clinical implications of patients with chronic opioid exposure, including perioperative pain management, as well as opioid overdose and prolonged use of opioids after acute exposure. In the USA, opioid use disorder and negative outcomes related to opioids rose dramatically from 1999-2010; concomitantly heroin use and fatal overdoses have increased as heroin use is associated with the disordered use of licit opioids...
November 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029902/spectrum-of-orocutaneous-disease-associations-genodermatoses-and-inflammatory-conditions
#5
REVIEW
Elizabeth G Wilder, Jillian Frieder, Suraj Sulhan, Pablo Michel, Jeffrey D Cizenski, John M Wright, M Alan Menter
The oral cavity and cutaneous organ systems share a close embryologic origin. Therefore, there are numerous dermatologic conditions presenting with concomitant oral findings of which the dermatologist must be aware. The second article in this continuing medical education series reviews inflammatory orocutaneous conditions and a number of genodermatoses. It is essential for dermatologists to be familiar with oral cavity manifestations associated with dermatologic diseases for prompt diagnosis, management, and appropriate referral to stomatology and dentistry...
November 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029901/spectrum-of-orocutaneous-disease-associations-immune-mediated-conditions
#6
REVIEW
Jeffrey D Cizenski, Pablo Michel, Ian T Watson, Jillian Frieder, Elizabeth G Wilder, John M Wright, M Alan Menter
There are a number of diseases that manifest both on the skin and the oral mucosa, and therefore the importance for dermatologists in clinical practice to be aware of these associations is paramount. In the following continuing medical education series, we outline orocutaneous disease associations with both immunologic and inflammatory etiologies.
November 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029695/continued-use-of-an-interactive-computer-game-based-visual-perception-learning-system-in-children-with-developmental-delay
#7
Hsien-Cheng Lin, Yu-Hsien Chiu, Yenming J Chen, Yee-Pay Wuang, Chiu-Ping Chen, Chih-Chung Wang, Chien-Ling Huang, Tang-Meng Wu, Wen-Hsien Ho
This study developed an interactive computer game-based visual perception learning system for special education children with developmental delay. To investigate whether perceived interactivity affects continued use of the system, this study developed a theoretical model of the process in which learners decide whether to continue using an interactive computer game-based visual perception learning system. The technology acceptance model, which considers perceived ease of use, perceived usefulness, and perceived playfulness, was extended by integrating perceived interaction (i...
November 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025397/a-qualitative-study-of-patient-education-needs-for-hip-and-knee-replacement
#8
Deborah Kennedy, Amy Wainwright, Lucy Pereira, Susan Robarts, Patricia Dickson, Jennifer Christian, Fiona Webster
BACKGROUND: Quality health information is key to patient engagement, self-management and an enhanced healthcare experience. There is strong evidence to support involving patients and their families in the development and evaluation of health-related educational material. These factors were the impetus for our high volume joint replacement centre to undertake a qualitative study to elicit patient experiences to inform the development of effective strategies and education along the care continuum for hip and knee replacement...
October 12, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023634/improved-knowledge-of-and-difficulties-in-palliative-care-among-physicians-during-2008-and-2015-in-japan-association-with-a-nationwide-palliative-care-education-program
#9
Yoko Nakazawa, Ryo Yamamoto, Masashi Kato, Mitsunori Miyashita, Yoshiyuki Kizawa, Tatsuya Morita
BACKGROUND: Palliative care education for health care professionals is a key element in improving access to quality palliative care. The Palliative Care Emphasis Program on Symptom Management and Assessment for Continuous Medical Education (PEACE) was designed to provide educational opportunities for all physicians in Japan. As of 2015, 57,764 physicians had completed it. The objective of this study was to estimate the effects of the program. METHODS: This study was an analysis of 2 nationwide observational studies from 2008 and 2015...
October 12, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021108/effects-of-a-multifaceted-implementation-intervention-to-increase-utilization-of-pharmacological-treatments-for-alcohol-use-disorders-in-the-us-veterans-health-administration
#10
Alex H S Harris, Randall Brown, Michael Dawes, Eric Dieperink, Donald Hugh Myrick, Heather Gerould, Todd H Wagner, Jennifer P Wisdom, Hildi J Hagedorn
Over 16 million Americans meet diagnostic criteria for alcohol use disorder (AUD), but only 7.8% of them receive formal treatment each year. Safe and effective pharmacological treatments for AUD exist; however, they are rarely prescribed. Therefore, we developed and pilot tested a multifaceted implementation intervention to improve consideration and receipt of effective pharmacologic treatments for AUD, focusing on primary care settings where patients have the most frequent contact with healthcare systems. The intervention included training of local providers to serve as champions and a website for primary care providers that included educational materials, a case-finding dashboard, and contact information for local and national clinical experts...
November 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019076/starting-a-medical-technology-venture-as-a-young-academic-innovator-or-student-entrepreneur
#11
REVIEW
Amir Manbachi, Katlin Kreamer-Tonin, Philipp Walch, Nao J Gamo, Parastoo Khoshakhlagh, Yu Shrike Zhang, Charles Montague, Soumyadipta Acharya, Elizabeth A Logsdon, Robert H Allen, Nicholas J Durr, Mark G Luciano, Nicholas Theodore, Henry Brem, Youseph Yazdi
Following the footprints of Bill Gates, Steve Jobs and Mark Zuckerberg, there has been a misconception that students are better off quitting their studies to bring to life their ideas, create jobs and monetize their inventions. Having historically transitioned from manpower to mind power, we live in one of the most rapidly changing times in human history. As a result, academic institutions that are supposed to be pioneers and educators of the next generations have started to realize that they need to adapt to a new system, and change their policies to be more flexible towards patent ownership and commercialization...
October 10, 2017: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018770/master-of-science-msc-program-in-radiation-biology-an-interdepartmental-course-bridging-the-gap-between-radiation-related-preclinical-and-clinical-disciplines-to-prepare-next-generation-medical-scientists
#12
Stephanie E Combs, Carmen Kessel, Jan J Wilkens, Gabriele Multhoff, Thomas E Schmid, Peter Vaupel, Klaus-Rüdiger Trott, Pascal Berberat, Michael J Atkinson
Radiation biology is a highly interdisciplinary field at the interface of biology, physics, and medicine. It is characterized by rapid advances in biological and technical knowledge. The potential for using these advances to optimize medical care, radiation protection, and related fields can be exploited only with complementary activities to support the education of young academics. A small number of academic institutions have committed resources into radiation-related courses and curricula; however, few offer a comprehensive interdepartmental research and training program...
2017: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018591/medical-school-hotline-john-a-burns-school-of-medicine-receives-continued-full-accreditation-by-the-liaison-committee-on-medical-education-lcme-for-the-maximum-accreditation-period-of-eight-years
#13
Kathleen Kihmm Connolly, Patricia Lanoie Blanchette, Jerris Robert Hedges
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017755/self-medication-and-non-prescription-drug-counseling-illustrating-profession-uncertainty-within-turkish-pharmacy-practice
#14
Afonso Miguel Cavaco, Bilge Sozen-Sahne, Elif Ulutas-Deniz, Selen Yegenoglu
BACKGROUND: Recommending effective minor ailment treatments and using non-prescription or over-the-counter (OTC) medicines is a pharmacist's duty. Although common in most European countries, self-medication counseling practices may differ from country to country. OBJECTIVES: This study explored Turkish community pharmacists' attitudes concerning the present self-medication market, professional responsibilities toward patients' self-care, and the usefulness of e-learning for patients' counseling education...
September 29, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016462/the-medical-futility-experience-of-nurses-in-caring-for-critically-ill-patients
#15
Ming-Yi Hsu, Shu-Fen Su, Lien-Ying Chiang, Sou-Jen Shih, Yu-Chen Chen
BACKGROUND: Medical futility is a key bioethical concern. In Taiwan, policymakers tend to provide care standards and evaluation guidelines for critically ill and terminal patients whose treatment is medically futile. However, the current status of medical futility for critically ill patients is inadequate, and no consensus currently exists on the definition of medical futility. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to understand the medical futility experiences of intensive care nurses...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993564/swine-used-in-the-medical-university-overview-of-20-years-of-experience
#16
Eiji Kobayashi, Yutaka Hanazono, Satoshi Kunita
Center for Development of Advanced Medical Technology (CDAMTec) in Jichi Medical University was established in FY 2009. It is the first educational research facility specialized for medical research and training using swine in Japan. Preclinical studies on large animals are essential prior to clinical trials to develop regenerative medical products and medical equipment. We have continued comprehensively considering using miniature swine for experiments to develop advanced medical technologies and train physicians with advanced clinical abilities, while paying attention to animal welfare...
October 7, 2017: Experimental Animals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993379/knowledge-attitudes-perceptions-and-habits-towards-antibiotics-dispensed-without-medical-prescription-a-qualitative-study-of-spanish-pharmacists
#17
Juan Vazquez-Lago, Cristian Gonzalez-Gonzalez, Maruxa Zapata-Cachafeiro, Paula Lopez-Vazquez, Margarita Taracido, Ana López, Adolfo Figueiras
OBJECTIVE: To investigate community pharmacists' knowledge, attitudes, perceptions and habits with regard to antibiotic dispensing without medical prescription in Spain. METHODS: A qualitative research using focus group method (FG) in Galicia (north-west Spain). FG sessions were conducted in the presence of a moderator. A topic script was developed to lead the discussions, which were audiorecorded to facilitate data interpretation and transcription. Proceedings were transcribed by an independent researcher and interpreted by two researchers working independently...
October 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992759/a-qualitative-evaluation-of-an-online-expert-facilitated-course-on-tobacco-dependence-treatment
#18
Arezoo Ebn Ahmady, Megan Barker, Rosa Dragonetti, Myra Fahim, Peter Selby
Qualitative evaluations of courses prove difficult due to low response rates. Online courses may permit the analysis of qualitative feedback provided by health care providers (HCPs) during and after the course is completed. This study describes the use of qualitative methods for an online continuing medical education (CME) course through the analysis of HCP feedback for the purpose of quality improvement. We used formative and summative feedback from HCPs about their self-reported experiences of completing an online expert-facilitated course on tobacco dependence treatment (the Training Enhancement in Applied Cessation Counselling and Health [TEACH] Project)...
January 1, 2017: Inquiry: a Journal of Medical Care Organization, Provision and Financing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991846/a-multi-institutional-longitudinal-faculty-development-program-in-humanism-supports-the-professional-development-of-faculty-teachers
#19
William T Branch, Richard M Frankel, Janet P Hafler, Amy B Weil, MaryAnn C Gilligan, Debra K Litzelman, Margaret Plews-Ogan, Elizabeth A Rider, Lars G Osterberg, Dana Dunne, Natalie B May, Arthur R Derse
The authors describe the first 11 academic years (2005-2006 through 2016-2017) of a longitudinal, small-group faculty development program for strengthening humanistic teaching and role modeling at 30 U.S. and Canadian medical schools that continues today. During the yearlong program, small groups of participating faculty met twice monthly with a local facilitator for exercises in humanistic teaching, role modeling, and related topics that combined narrative reflection with skills training using experiential learning techniques...
October 3, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991845/a-purpose-driven-fourth-year-of-medical-school
#20
Mantosh Dewan, John Norcini
The fourth year of medical school has been repeatedly found to be ineffective, and concerns exist about its purpose and academic quality, as well as grade inflation. Since Flexner, the purpose of undergraduate medical training has moved from readiness for independent practice to readiness for postgraduate training. However, training directors report that medical graduates are inadequately prepared to enter residency. The authors propose a fourth year with two components: first, a yearlong, longitudinal ambulatory experience of at least three days each week on an interprofessional team with consistent faculty supervision and mentoring, increasing independence, and a focus on education; and second, rigorous clinical-scales-based assessment of meaningful outcomes...
October 3, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
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