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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640684/judicial-bypass-for-minors-seeking-abortions-in-arkansas-versus-other-states
#1
Onur Altindag, Ted Joyce
OBJECTIVES: To describe demographic characteristics and abortion timing of minors in Arkansas who obtained an abortion through a judicial bypass, and to contrast the frequency of judicial bypass in other states in the United States. METHODS: We used individual-level data on all abortions to minors (n = 2624) performed in Arkansas from 2005 to 2014 and aggregated data from 10 additional states on abortions obtained through a judicial bypass. We characterized correlates of the judicial bypass and its association with the timing of abortion...
June 22, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628305/variation-in-methane-emission-rates-from-well-pads-in-four-oil-and-gas-basins-with-contrasting-production-volumes-and-compositions
#2
Anna M Robertson, Rachel Edie, Dustin Snare, Jeffrey Soltis, Robert Alexander Field, Matthew D Burkhart, Clay S Bell, Daniel Zimmerle, Shane M Murphy
Atmospheric methane emissions from active natural gas production sites in normal operation were quantified using an inverse Gaussian method (EPA's OTM 33a) in four major U.S. basins/plays: Upper Green River (UGR, Wyoming), Denver-Julesburg (DJ, Colorado), Uintah (Utah), and Fayetteville (FV, Arkansas). In DJ, Uintah, and FV, 72 - 83% of total measured emissions were from 20% of the well pads, while in UGR the highest 20% of emitting well pads only contributed 54% of total emissions. The total mass of methane emitted as a percent of gross methane produced, termed throughput-normalized methane average (TNMA) and determined by bootstrapping measurements from each basin, varied widely between basins and was (95% CI): 0...
June 19, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611884/emergency-medical-services-professionals-attitudes-about-community-paramedic-programs
#3
Robert J Steeps, Denise A Wilfong, Michael W Hubble, Daniel L Bercher
INTRODUCTION: The number of community paramedic (CP) programs has expanded to mitigate the impact of increased patient usage on emergency services. However, it has not been determined to what extent emergency medical services (EMS) professionals would be willing to participate in this model of care. With this project, we sought to evaluate the perceptions of EMS professionals toward the concept of a CP program. METHODS: We used a cross-sectional study method to evaluate the perceptions of participating EMS professionals with regard to their understanding of and willingness to participate in a CP program...
June 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584476/age-estimation-by-dentin-translucency-measurement-using-digital-method-an-institutional-study
#4
Shalini Gupta, Akhilesh Chandra, Archana Agnihotri, Om Prakash Gupta, Niharika Maurya
AIMS: The aims of the present study were to measure translucency on sectioned teeth using available computer hardware and software, to correlate dimensions of root dentin translucency with age, and to assess whether translucency is reliable for age estimation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A pilot study was done on 62 freshly extracted single-rooted permanent teeth from 62 different individuals (35 males and 27 females) and their 250 μm thick sections were prepared by micromotor, carborundum disks, and Arkansas stone...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535871/zombie-soldier-beetles-epizootics-in-the-goldenrod-soldier-beetle-chauliognathus-pensylvanicus-coleoptera-cantharidae-caused-by-eryniopsis-lampyridarum-entomophthoromycotina-entomophthoraceae
#5
Donald C Steinkraus, Ann E Hajek, Jim K Liebherr
Adult goldenrod soldier beetles, Chauliognathus pensylvanicus, were found infected by the fungus Eryniopsis lampyridarum (Entomophthoromycotina) in Arkansas during September - October (1996, 2001, 2015 and 2016). Living and dead infected beetles were found on flowering frost aster, Symphyotrichum pilosum, common boneset, Eupatorium perfoliatum, and Canada goldenrod, Solidago canadensis. Live and dead beetles (n=446) were collected in 1996 from S. pilosum flowers and held individually in the laboratory for determination of fungal prevalence...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534434/effects-of-a-statewide-tobacco-cessation-program-among-individuals-involved-with-arkansas-community-correction
#6
Christine Garver-Apgar, Susan Young, Brenda Howard, Ben Udochi, Chad Morris
In response to a critical need for tobacco cessation services among justice-involved populations, Arkansas Community Correction (ACC) partnered with the University of Colorado's Behavioral Health & Wellness Program in 2013 to implement the DIMENSIONS: Tobacco Free Program within all probation, parole, and drug court units. In the first 2 years of this statewide, evidence-based program, more than 1,100 individuals from 33 ACC area office locations attended tobacco-free group sessions and provided data on tobacco use and readiness to quit...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523889/collagenase-for-wound-debridement-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-a-retrospective-case-series
#7
Elizabeth Huett, Whitney Bartley, Darla Morris, Della Reasbeck, Beth McKitrick-Bandy, Charlotte Yates
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The use of collagenase for enzymatic wound debridement has been studied extensively and has been established as the standard of care for nonhealing and necrotic wounds in individuals for whom surgical intervention is not an option. Collagenase has been shown to be effective in adults but has been studied in a limited capacity in infants and neonates. The purpose of this study was to investigate the use of collagenase in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). METHODS: Retrospective chart review of infants and neonates admitted to the NICU at Arkansas Children's Hospital with nonhealing wounds for which collagenase was used for wound healing over a 1-year time period...
May 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515140/three-year-impacts-of-the-affordable-care-act-improved-medical-care-and-health-among-low-income-adults
#8
Benjamin D Sommers, Bethany Maylone, Robert J Blendon, E John Orav, Arnold M Epstein
Major policy uncertainty continues to surround the Affordable Care Act (ACA) at both the state and federal levels. We assessed changes in health care use and self-reported health after three years of the ACA's coverage expansion, using survey data collected from low-income adults through the end of 2016 in three states: Kentucky, which expanded Medicaid; Arkansas, which expanded private insurance to low-income adults using the federal Marketplace; and Texas, which did not expand coverage. We used a difference-in-differences model with a control group and an instrumental variables model to provide individual-level estimates of the effects of gaining insurance...
June 1, 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498498/impact-of-prescription-drug-monitoring-programs-pdmps-on-opioid-utilization-among-medicare-beneficiaries-in-10-u-s-states
#9
Patience Moyo, Linda Simoni-Wastila, Beth Ann Griffin, Eberechukwu Onukwugha, Donna Harrington, G Caleb Alexander, Francis Palumbo
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs (PDMPs) are a principal strategy used in the USA to address prescription drug abuse. We (1) compared opioid use pre- and post-PDMP implementation and (2) estimated differences of PDMP impact by reason for Medicare eligibility and plan type. DESIGN: Analysis of opioid prescription claims in US states that implemented PDMPs relative to non-PDMP states during 2007-2012. SETTING: Florida, Louisiana, Nebraska, New Jersey, Vermont, Georgia, Wisconsin, Maryland, New Hampshire, and Arkansas, USA...
May 12, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480295/variation-in-tularemia-clinical-manifestations-arkansas-2009-2013
#10
Laura K Lester Rothfeldt, Richard F Jacobs, J Gary Wheeler, Susan Weinstein, Dirk T Haselow
BACKGROUND: Francisella tularensis, although naturally occurring in Arkansas, is also a Tier 1 select agent and potential bioterrorism threat. As such, tularemia is nationally notifiable and mandatorily reported to the Arkansas Department of Health. We examined demographic and clinical characteristics among reported cases and outcomes to improve understanding of the epidemiology of tularemia in Arkansas. METHODS: Surveillance records on all tularemia cases investigated during 2009-2013 were reviewed...
2017: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472110/different-evolutionary-trajectories-of-vaccine-controlled-and-non-controlled-avian-infectious-bronchitis-viruses-in-commercial-poultry
#11
Mark W Jackwood, Dong-Hun Lee
To determine the genetic and epidemiological relationship of infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) isolates from commercial poultry to attenuated live IBV vaccines we conducted a phylogenetic network analysis on the full-length S1 sequence for Arkansas (Ark), Massachusetts (Mass) and Delmarva/1639 (DMV/1639) type viruses isolated in 2015 from clinical cases by 3 different diagnostic laboratories. Phylogenetic network analysis of Ark isolates showed two predominant groups linked by 2 mutations, consistent with subpopulations found in commercial vaccines for this IBV type...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464299/a-preliminary-evaluation-of-the-managing-youth-trauma-effectively-program-for-substance-abusing-women-and-their-children
#12
Karin L Vanderzee, Sufna G John, Nicola Edge, Joy R Pemberton, Teresa L Kramer
This article provides a description of the development, implementation, and preliminary evaluation of feasibility and acceptability of the Managing Youth Trauma Effectively (MYTE) program and highlights perceptions of changes in mothers' trauma-informed parenting practices. The program consists of a training and consultation program for staff of the U.S. State of Arkansas' Specialized Women's Programs (SWS), and an 8-week, group psychoeducational program designed to help mothers with substance-abuse problems learn how traumatic experiences may affect their children and how they may help support their children by creating a safe and nurturing environment...
May 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445566/variation-in-outcomes-at-bariatric-surgery-centers-of-excellence
#13
Andrew M Ibrahim, Amir A Ghaferi, Jyothi R Thumma, Justin B Dimick
Importance: In the United States, reports about perioperative complications associated with bariatric surgery led to the establishment of accreditation criteria for bariatric centers of excellence and many bariatric centers obtaining accreditation. Currently, most bariatric procedures occur at these centers, but to what extent they uniformly provide high-quality care remains unknown. Objective: To describe the variation in surgical outcomes across bariatric centers of excellence and the geographic availability of high-quality centers...
April 26, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439474/digitizing-specimens-in-a-small-herbarium-a-viable-workflow-for-collections-working-with-limited-resources
#14
Kari M Harris, Travis D Marsico
PREMISE OF THE STUDY: Small herbaria represent a significant portion of herbaria in the United States, but many are not digitizing their collections. METHODS: At the Arkansas State University Herbarium (STAR), we have created a viable workflow to help small herbaria begin the digitization process, including suggestions for publishing data on the Internet. We calculated hourly rates of each phase of the digitization process. We also mapped accessions at the county level to determine geographic strengths in the collection...
April 2017: Applications in Plant Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433428/effect-of-risk-acceptance-for-bundled-care-payments-on-clinical-outcomes-in-a-high-volume-total-joint-arthroplasty-practice-after-implementation-of-a-standardized-clinical-pathway
#15
James R Kee, Paul K Edwards, Charles L Barnes
BACKGROUND: The Bundled Payments for Care Improvement (BPCI) initiative and the Arkansas Payment Improvement (API) initiative seek to incentivize reduced costs and improved outcomes compared with the previous fee-for-service model. Before participation, our practice initiated a standardized clinical pathway (CP) to reduce length of stay (LOS), readmissions, and discharge to postacute care facilities. METHODS: This practice implemented a standardized CP focused on patient education, managing patient expectations, and maximizing cost outcomes...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432054/arkansas-execution-proceeds-as-pharma-companies-lose-battle-to-stop-use-of-their-drugs
#16
Owen Dyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 21, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426407/helminth-cestoda-nematoda-and-coccidian-apicomplexa-eimeriidae-parasites-of-the-eastern-small-footed-myotis-myotis-leibii-chiroptera-vespertilionidae-from-arkansas-with-a-description-of-a-new-species-of-eimeria
#17
Chris T McAllister, R Scott Seville, Charles R Bursey
During May and July 2016, 32 eastern small-footed myotis (Myotis leibii) were collected from five counties of northwestern Arkansas and their faeces examined for coccidian parasites. Four of 32 (13%) M. leibii harboured an eimerian that we describe here as new. Oocysts of Eimeria sassei sp. n. were ovoidal to ellipsoidal with a bi-layered wall and measured (length × width, L × W) 18.3 × 15.2 µm, with an L/W ratio of 1.2. A micropyle and oocyst residuum were absent but 1-2 polar granules were present. Sporocysts were ovoidal, 9...
June 1, 2017: Acta Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423934/estimating-dementia-and-receipt-of-informal-care-using-behavioral-risk-factor-surveillance-system-data
#18
Mary Adams
INTRODUCTION: Estimates of US adults with dementia differ widely and don't distinguish adults living in the community. METHODS: Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data from 120 485 households in 21 states that used a cognitive decline module in 2011 were used. Data for both respondents and other adults with subjective cognitive decline (SCD) were included through proxy responses. Using responses to questions about the receipt of informal care for their SCD and diagnosed dementia, estimates were made for each state...
May 2017: American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409861/neocolonialism-and-health-care-access-among-marshall-islanders-in-the-united-states
#19
Michael R Duke
In the Marshall Islands, a history of extensive nuclear weapons testing and covert biomedical research, coupled with the U.S.'s ongoing military presence in the country, has severely compromised the health of the local population. Despite the U.S.'s culpability in producing ill health along with high rates of emigration from the islands to the mainland United States, the large portion of Marshallese who reside in the United States face substantial barriers to accessing health care. Drawing from ongoing field research with a Marshallese community in Arkansas, this article explores the multifaceted impediments that U...
April 13, 2017: Medical Anthropology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386869/unconventional-natural-gas-development-did-not-result-in-detectable-changes-in-water-chemistry-within-the-south-fork-little-red-river
#20
Bradley J Austin, Erin Scott, Leslie Massey, Michelle A Evans-White, Sally Entrekin, Brian E Haggard
The Fayetteville Shale within north central Arkansas is an area of extensive unconventional natural gas (UNG) production. Recently, the Scott Henderson Gulf Mountain Wildlife Management Area (GMWMA) was leased from the state of Arkansas for NG exploration, raising concerns about potential impacts on water resources. From November 2010 through November 2014, we monitored four reaches of the South Fork Little Red River (SFLRR), within the GMWMA, establishing baseline physico-chemical characteristics prior to UNG development and assessing trends in parameters during and after UNG development...
May 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
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