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Joannie Lortet-Tieulent, Ann Goding Sauer, Rebecca L Siegel, Kimberly D Miller, Farhad Islami, Stacey A Fedewa, Eric J Jacobs, Ahmedin Jemal
Importance: State-specific information about the health burden of smoking is valuable because state-level initiatives are at the forefront of tobacco control. Smoking-attributable cancer mortality estimates are currently available nationally and by cancer, but not by state. Objective: To calculate the proportion of cancer deaths among adults 35 years and older that were attributable to cigarette smoking in 2014 in each state and the District of Columbia. Design, Setting, and Participants: The population-attributable fraction (PAF) of cancer deaths due to cigarette smoking was computed using relative risks for 12 smoking-related cancers (acute myeloid leukemia and cancers of the oral cavity and pharynx; esophagus; stomach; colorectum; liver; pancreas; larynx; trachea, lung, and bronchus; cervix uteri; kidney and renal pelvis; and urinary bladder) from large US prospective studies and state-specific smoking prevalence data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System...
October 24, 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
Amanda M West, Paul H Evangelista, Catherine S Jarnevich, Nicholas E Young, Thomas J Stohlgren, Colin Talbert, Marian Talbert, Jeffrey Morisette, Ryan Anderson
Early detection of invasive plant species is vital for the management of natural resources and protection of ecosystem processes. The use of satellite remote sensing for mapping the distribution of invasive plants is becoming more common, however conventional imaging software and classification methods have been shown to be unreliable. In this study, we test and evaluate the use of five species distribution model techniques fit with satellite remote sensing data to map invasive tamarisk (Tamarix spp.) along the Arkansas River in Southeastern Colorado...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
John W Hafner, Stephanie J Kok, Huaping Wang, Dale L Wren, Mary E Aitken, Beverly K Miller, Byron L Anderson, Kathy W Monroe
OBJECTIVES: Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of childhood fatality, making use of properly installed child passenger restraint system (CRS) a public health priority. Motor vehicle crashes in rural environments are associated with increased injuries and fatalities, and overall CRS use tends to be lower compared with urban populations. However, it remains unclear if proper installation of car seats is lower in a rural population compared with a similar matched urban population...
October 8, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
Sadie H Conway, Lisa A Pompeii, Vanessa Casanova, David I Douphrate
BACKGROUND: The logging industry is recognized as one of the most dangerous professions in the U.S., but little is known about safety management practices on remote logging sites. METHODS: A total of six focus group sessions were held among logging supervisors and front line crew members in Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas (N = 27 participants). RESULTS: Participants perceived that logging was a dangerous profession, but its risks had been mitigated in several ways, most notably through mechanization of timber harvesting...
October 17, 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
J L Denson, J L Kennedy, W N Dehority, M M Eickman, K S Schwalm, A N Stoner, J C Kincaid, T J Abramo, T M Thompson, E M Ulloa, S W Burchiel, S A Young, D L Dinwiddie
Using target capture of viral nucleic acid and next-generation sequencing, we generated the complete genomes of two novel human parainfluenza virus 1 isolates. Isolates AR001 (accession no. KX570602) and NM001 (accession no. KX639498) were collected 3 months apart from pediatric patients with acute respiratory infection from Arkansas and New Mexico, respectively.
October 13, 2016: Genome Announcements
Leena B Mithal
Investigators from the University of Maryland, University of Colorado, and Arkansas Children's Hospital studied the epidemiology, management and resource utilization of children admitted to hospitals in the United States with encephalitis.
October 2016: Pediatric neurology briefs
Benjamin D Sommers, Rebecca Gourevitch, Bethany Maylone, Robert J Blendon, Arnold M Epstein
Changes in insurance coverage over time, or "churning," may have adverse consequences, but there has been little evidence on churning since implementation of the major coverage expansions in the Affordable Care Act (ACA) in 2014. We explored the frequency and implications of churning through surveying 3,011 low-income adults in Kentucky, which used a traditional expansion of Medicaid; Arkansas, which chose a "private option" expansion that enrolled beneficiaries in private Marketplace plans; and Texas, which opted not to expand...
October 1, 2016: Health Affairs
Megan Daugherty Douglas, Junjun Xu, Akilah Heggs, Glenda Wrenn, Dominic H Mack, George Rust
OBJECTIVE: This study characterized telemedicine utilization among Medicaid enrollees by patients' demographic characteristics, geographic location, enrollment type, eligibility category, and clinical conditions. METHODS: This study used 2008-2009 Medicaid claims data from 28 states and the District of Columbia to characterize telemedicine claims (indicated by GT for professional fee claims or Q3014 for facility fees) on the basis of patients' demographic characteristics, geographic location, enrollment type, eligibility category, and clinical condition as indicated by ICD-9 codes...
October 3, 2016: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
Bradford E Jackson, Gabriela R Oates, Karan P Singh, James M Shikany, Mona N Fouad, Edward E Partridge, Sejong Bae
OBJECTIVE: This study examined differences in socio-demographic characteristics and health behaviors relevant to chronic medical conditions (CMCs) in the Mid-South region (Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Kentucky, Tennessee, and Arkansas), and identified subpopulations with increased burden of chronic disease. METHODS: Data were obtained from the 2013 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. The top five most prevalent CMCs in the Mid-South were analyzed: asthma, high blood pressure (HBP), obesity, arthritis, and depression...
September 29, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
Michael Joseph Skvarla, Jeffrey K Barnes, Danielle M Fisher, Ashley P G Dowling
BACKGROUND: This is the fourth in a series of papers detailing the terrestrial arthropods collected during an intensive survey of a site near Steel Creek campground along the Buffalo National River in Arkansas. The survey was conducted over a period of eight and a half months in 2013 using twelve trap types, including Malaise and canopy traps, Lindgren multifunnel traps, and pan traps. NEW INFORMATION: We provide collection records for 38 species of Asilidae and other Diptera, 7 of which are new state records for Arkansas: (Asilidae) Lasiopogon opaculus Loew, 1874; (Lygistorrhinidae) Lygistorrhina sancthecatharinae Thompson, 1975; (Stratiomyidae) Cephalochrysa nigricornis (Loew, 1866), Gowdeyana punctifera (Malloch, 1915), Sargus decorus Say, 1824; (Ulidiidae) Callopistromyia annulipes Macquart, 1855; and (Xylophagidae) Rachicerus obscuripennis Loew, 1863...
2016: Biodiversity Data Journal
Valandra, Yvette Murphy-Erby, Brandon M Higgins, Lucy M Brown
Relatively few studies have explored domestic violence from a multiplicity of African American perspectives, experiences, and socio-demographic backgrounds within rural African American communities. Community-based participatory action research methods were used to explore domestic violence perceptions of African Americans with heterogeneous backgrounds and experiences of violence. Ten focus groups were held throughout the community with 52 diverse women (n = 33) and men (n = 19) living in the northwest region of Arkansas...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Holli B Bagwell, Rebecca Liggin, Tonya Thompson, Kristin Lyle, Allison Anthony, Matthew Baltz, Maria Melguizo-Castro, Todd Nick, Dennis Z Kuo
Children with special health care needs (CSHCN) may present unique challenges for disaster preparedness. This study's objective was to determine the impact of a disaster supply starter kit intervention on preparedness for families of CSHCN. The study was a 1-group pre-post cohort design with consecutive enrollment at the Arkansas Children's Hospital Medical Home Clinic. Pre- and postintervention survey findings were compared using McNemar's test. Of the 249 enrolled, 223 completed the postsurvey. At presurvey, 43% had an Emergency Information Form, compared with 79% at postsurvey (P < ...
October 2016: Clinical Pediatrics
Ari M Cedars, Sara Burns, Eric L Novak, Amit P Amin
BACKGROUND: Readmission is responsible for a large proportion of inpatient care costs in adult congenital heart disease. There are, however, few data available to identify at-risk patients or to suggest strategies for intervention to prevent rehospitalization. METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted an analysis of admissions in patients over the age of 18 years with a 3-digit International Classification of Diseases-Ninth Revision code of 745 to 747 from the State Inpatient Databases of Arkansas (2008-2010), California (2003-2012), Florida (2005-2012), Hawaii (2006-2010), Nebraska (2003-2011), and New York (2005-2012)...
September 2016: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
Christina Leyson, Monique França, Mark Jackwood, Brian Jordan
Sequencing avian infectious bronchitis virus spike genes re-isolated from vaccinated chicks revealed that many sequence changes are found on the S1 spike gene. In the ArkDPI strain, Y43H and ∆344 are the two most common changes observed. This study aims to examine the roles of Y43H and ∆344 in selection in vivo. Using recombinant ArkDPI S1 proteins, we conducted binding assays on chicken tracheas and embryonic chorioallantoic membrane (CAM). Protein histochemistry showed that the Y43H change allows for enhanced binding to trachea, whereas the ArkDPI S1 spike with H43 alone was able to bind CAM...
November 2016: Virology
Jessica A Hartshorn, Kevin D Chase, Larry D Galligan, John J Riggins, Fred M Stephen
Sirex nigricornis F. (Hymenoptera: Siricidae) is an innocuous pine-inhabiting woodwasp native to eastern North America, utilizing dead or dying pine trees as hosts. Although S. nigricornis F. does not cause economic damage, a closely related species, Sirex noctilio, was discovered in New York in 2004 and has continually spread throughout the northeastern United States and southern Canada, threatening the multi-billion-dollar pine timber industry of the southeastern United States and raising interest about potential interactions with native woodwasps and associated mortality agents...
September 2, 2016: Environmental Entomology
Laura Lester Rothfeldt, Naveen Patil, Dirk T Haselow, Sandy Hainline Williams, J Gary Wheeler, Leonard N Mukasa
During early September 2014, the Arkansas Department of Health identified an increased number of tuberculosis (TB) cases among a unique population in a well-circumscribed geographical area in northwest Arkansas. The Compact of Free Association Act of 1985 (Public Law 99-239, amended in 2003 by Public Law 108-188) established the Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI) as an independent nation, and persons from the RMI can travel freely (with valid RMI passport) to and from the United States as nonimmigrants without visas (1)...
2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Casey L Penn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Journal of the Arkansas Medical Society
Benjamin D Sommers, Robert J Blendon, E John Orav, Arnold M Epstein
Importance: Under the Affordable Care Act (ACA), more than 30 states have expanded Medicaid, with some states choosing to expand private insurance instead (the "private option"). In addition, while coverage gains from the ACA's Medicaid expansion are well documented, impacts on utilization and health are unclear. Objective: To assess changes in access to care, utilization, and self-reported health among low-income adults in 3 states taking alternative approaches to the ACA...
October 1, 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
J Jeffrey Pugh, Rebecca A Levy
Primary amoebic meningoencephalitis (PAM) is a very rare disease with a high mortality rate. PAM is caused by Naegleria fowleri, an amoeba which resides in freshwater lakes and ponds and can survive in inadequately chlorinated pools ( Lopez, C.; Budge, P.; Chen, J., et al. Primary amebic meningoencephalitis: a case report and literature review . Pediatr. Emerg. Care 2012 , 28 , 272 - 276 ). In the past 50 years, there have been over 130 cases of Naegleria induced PAM in the United States with only three known survivors; one survivor was diagnosed and treated at Arkansas Children's Hospital...
September 21, 2016: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
Simon Basseyn, Brendan Saloner, Genevieve M Kenney, Douglas Wissoker, Daniel Polsky, Karin V Rhodes
BACKGROUND: Arkansas and Iowa received waivers from the federal government in 2014 to use federal Medicaid expansion funding to enroll beneficiaries in commercial insurance plans on the Marketplaces. One key hypothesis of these "private option" or "premium assistance" programs was that Medicaid beneficiaries would experience increased access to care. In this study, we compare new patient primary care appointment availability and wait-times for beneficiaries of traditional Medicaid and premium assistance Medicaid...
September 2016: Medical Care
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