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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910835/two-cubic-phases-in-kimzeyite-garnet-from-the-type-locality-magnet-cove-arkansas
#1
Sytle M Antao, Laura A Cruickshank
The crystal structure of an optically anisotropic kimzeyite garnet from Magnet Cove, Arkansas, USA, where it was first discovered, was refined with the Rietveld method, cubic space group, Ia\overline 3 d, and monochromatic [λ = 0.41422 (2) Å] synchrotron high-resolution powder X-ray diffraction (HRPXRD) data. The Rietveld refinement reduced χ(2) and overall R(F(2)) values are 1.840 and 0.0647, respectively. The sample, with the general garnet formula ([8])X3([6])Y2([4])Z3([4])O12, contains an intergrowth of two cubic phases that occur initially as oscillatory growth zoning, and patchy intergrowths arise later from fluid-enhanced dissolution and re-precipitation...
December 1, 2016: Acta Crystallographica Section B, Structural Science, Crystal Engineering and Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898900/effects-of-stocking-rate-forage-management-and-grazing-management-on-performance-and-economics-of-cow-calf-production-in-southwest-arkansas
#2
P A Beck, C B Stewart, M B Sims, M S Gadberry, J A Jennings
The objective this research was to determine the effect of application of multiple grazing management practices at 2 stocking rates (SR) on the productivity and economics of the cow-calf enterprise in the Southeastern United States over a 4-yr period. Pasture management systems included: continuous grazing management at a moderate SR (0.8 ha/cow; CG) without additional forage management, rotational grazing management at a moderate SR (0.8 ha/cow (MR) with addition of stockpiled bermudagrass [ (L.) Pers.] and complementary cool season annuals, and rotational grazing management similar to MR but with a high SR (0...
September 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875058/antenatal-stressful-life-events-and-postpartum-depressive-symptoms-in-the-united-states-the-role-of-women-s-socioeconomic-status-indices-at-the-state-level
#3
Soumyadeep Mukherjee, Stefany Coxe, Kristopher Fennie, Purnima Madhivanan, Mary Jo Trepka
BACKGROUND: Approximately 10%-20% of women suffer from postpartum depression (PPD), important predictors of which are antenatal stressful life event (SLE) experiences. The association between women's state-level socioeconomic status (SES) and PPD has not been explored. This study aimed to examine whether the association between antenatal SLE and PPD symptoms was moderated by women's state-level SES. METHODS: Data from the 2009-2011 Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) were used...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854449/state-psychology-licensure-questions-about-mental-illness-and-compliance-with-the-americans-with-disabilities-act
#4
Jennifer E Boyd, Bruce Graunke, Frederick J Frese, James T R Jones, Jennifer W Adkins, Ronald Bassman
State licensing boards have obligations to protect the public from impaired professionals and to protect the rights of professionals applying for licensure. Competently functioning professionals who have or have had a mental health diagnosis or are being treated for a mental health condition should not be screened out, according to the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). A review of case law shows applicable precedents from discrimination among physicians and lawyers but not, to date, among psychologists...
2016: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846302/multi-isotopic-%C3%AE-2h-%C3%AE-13c-%C3%AE-15n-tracing-of-molt-origin-for-red-winged-blackbirds-associated-with-agro-ecosystems
#5
Scott J Werner, Keith A Hobson, Steven L Van Wilgenburg, Justin W Fischer
We analyzed stable-hydrogen (δ2H), carbon (δ13C) and nitrogen (δ 15N) isotope ratios in feathers to better understand the molt origin and food habits of Red-winged Blackbirds (Agelaius phoeniceus) near sunflower production in the Upper Midwest and rice production in the Mid-South of the United States. Outer primary feathers were used from 661 after-second-year (ASY) male blackbirds collected in Minnesota, Montana, North Dakota and South Dakota (spring collection), and Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri and Texas (winter collection)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837454/diabetes-and-hypertension-in-marshallese-adults-results-from-faith-based-health-screenings
#6
Pearl Anna McElfish, Brett Rowland, Christopher R Long, Jonell Hudson, Michelle Piel, Bill Buron, Sheldon Riklon, Williamina Ioanna Bing, T Scott Warmack
BACKGROUND: The Pacific Islander population in the USA is growing rapidly. However, research on Pacific Islanders in the USA is limited, or sometimes misleading due to aggregation with Asian Americans. This project seeks to add to the dearth of health literature by conducting a health assessment of Marshallese in northwest Arkansas. METHODS: Using a community-based participatory research approach, nine health screening events were conducted at local Marshallese churches...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836775/insights-from-molecular-structure-predictions-of-the-infectious-bronchitis-virus-s1-spike-glycoprotein
#7
Christina Lora M Leyson, Brian J Jordan, Mark W Jackwood
Infectious bronchitis virus is an important respiratory pathogen in chickens. The IBV S1 spike is a viral structural protein that is responsible for attachment to host receptors and is a major target for neutralizing antibodies. To date, there is no experimentally determined structure for the IBV S1 spike. In this study, we sought to find a predicted tertiary structure for IBV S1 using I-TASSER, which is an automated homology modeling platform. We found that the predicted structures obtained were robust and consistent with experimental data...
December 2016: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826707/diagnostic-yield-of-outpatient-pediatric-echocardiograms-impact-of-indications-and-specialty
#8
Sean M Lang, Elijah Bolin, Sarah Hardy, Xinyu Tang, R Thomas Collins
Multiple reports have shown that echocardiograms are neither cost-effective nor of high diagnostic yield for a number of indications. This study sought to evaluate the impact of indications and provider type on the diagnostic yield of first-time outpatient pediatric echocardiograms. All initial echocardiograms interpreted at our institution from February 2009 to December 2014 were reviewed retrospectively. Positive findings were defined as any abnormality of structure or function. Ordering physicians were grouped as Primary Care, Subspecialist, or Cardiologist...
November 8, 2016: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817881/the-effect-of-early-feeding-on-initial-glucose-concentrations-in-term-newborns
#9
Yin Zhou, Shasha Bai, Joshua A Bornhorst, Nahed O Elhassan, Jeffrey R Kaiser
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of early feeding on initial glucose concentrations in healthy term newborns who were not at risk for hypoglycemia. STUDY DESIGN: This retrospective observational study was conducted at the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences where universal early glucose screening was standard of care for newborn infants. Plasma glucose concentrations were compared in term infants born in 2008 who were not at risk for neonatal hypoglycemia and who were fed before (early feeders) and after (late feeders) their initial glucose screens...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814940/health-related-quality-of-life-among-adults-65-years-and-older-in-the-united-states-2011-2012-a-multilevel-small-area-estimation-approach
#10
Yu-Hsiu Lin, Alexander C McLain, Janice C Probst, Kevin J Bennett, Zaina P Qureshi, Jan M Eberth
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to develop county-level estimates of poor health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among aged 65 years and older U.S. adults and to identify spatial clusters of poor HRQOL using a multilevel, poststratification approach. METHODS: Multilevel, random-intercept models were fit to HRQOL data (two domains: physical health and mental health) from the 2011-2012 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. Using a poststratification, small area estimation approach, we generated county-level probabilities of having poor HRQOL for each domain in U...
October 11, 2016: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798388/comparison-of-office-based-versus-outsourced-immunization-recall-services
#11
Kristina L Bondurant, J Gary Wheeler, Zoran Bursac, Tereasa Holmes, J Mick Tilford
OBJECTIVE: Given poor use of recall in primary care practices, we compared outsourced versus office-based recall systems. STUDY DESIGN: From 2011 to 2013, we enrolled 87 individual Arkansas providers in distinct practices treating their own patients <24 months of age which were randomized to usual care (A), office-based (B), or outsourced (C) recall groups. RESULTS: At the end of study, recall activity was 19.4%, 55.0%, and 92.6% for Groups A, B, and C, respectively (B and C vs A: P < ...
October 26, 2016: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784921/protein-rich-beverage-developed-using-non-gm-soybean-r08-4004-and-evaluated-for-sensory-acceptance-and-shelf-life
#12
Quyen Nguyen, Navam Hettiarachchy, Srinivas Rayaprolu, Han-Seok Seo, Ronny Horax, Pengyin Chen, Thallapuranam K Suresh Kumar
Protein beverages have been in demand due to an increasing consumers' interest in healthy eating habit. However, there is an increased concern on the use of genetic modified (GM) ingredient in the food product. This study aimed to develop protein hydrolysate beverages using a non-GM soybean (R08-4004/high protein line) grown in Arkansas. Protein isolate was prepared from the soybean using alkaline method (pH 9.5). Due to its poor solubility in acidic condition, alcalase 2.4 L (food grade protease) hydrolyzed soy protein was used to develop a beverage containing 20 g protein per serving (500 mL)...
August 2016: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775761/state-level-cancer-mortality-attributable-to-cigarette-smoking-in-the-united-states
#13
Joannie Lortet-Tieulent, Ann Goding Sauer, Rebecca L Siegel, Kimberly D Miller, Farhad Islami, Stacey A Fedewa, Eric J Jacobs, Ahmedin Jemal
Importance: State-specific information about the health burden of smoking is valuable because state-level initiatives are at the forefront of tobacco control. Smoking-attributable cancer mortality estimates are currently available nationally and by cancer, but not by state. Objective: To calculate the proportion of cancer deaths among adults 35 years and older that were attributable to cigarette smoking in 2014 in each state and the District of Columbia. Design, Setting, and Participants: The population-attributable fraction (PAF) of cancer deaths due to cigarette smoking was computed using relative risks for 12 smoking-related cancers (acute myeloid leukemia and cancers of the oral cavity and pharynx; esophagus; stomach; colorectum; liver; pancreas; larynx; trachea, lung, and bronchus; cervix uteri; kidney and renal pelvis; and urinary bladder) from large US prospective studies and state-specific smoking prevalence data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System...
October 24, 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768080/integrating-remote-sensing-with-species-distribution-models-mapping-tamarisk-invasions-using-the-software-for-assisted-habitat-modeling-sahm
#14
Amanda M West, Paul H Evangelista, Catherine S Jarnevich, Nicholas E Young, Thomas J Stohlgren, Colin Talbert, Marian Talbert, Jeffrey Morisette, Ryan Anderson
Early detection of invasive plant species is vital for the management of natural resources and protection of ecosystem processes. The use of satellite remote sensing for mapping the distribution of invasive plants is becoming more common, however conventional imaging software and classification methods have been shown to be unreliable. In this study, we test and evaluate the use of five species distribution model techniques fit with satellite remote sensing data to map invasive tamarisk (Tamarix spp.) along the Arkansas River in Southeastern Colorado...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753712/child-passenger-restraint-system-misuse-in-rural-versus-urban-children-a-multisite-case-control-study
#15
John W Hafner, Stephanie J Kok, Huaping Wang, Dale L Wren, Mary E Aitken, Beverly K Miller, Byron L Anderson, Kathy W Monroe
OBJECTIVES: Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of childhood fatality, making use of properly installed child passenger restraint system (CRS) a public health priority. Motor vehicle crashes in rural environments are associated with increased injuries and fatalities, and overall CRS use tends to be lower compared with urban populations. However, it remains unclear if proper installation of car seats is lower in a rural population compared with a similar matched urban population...
October 8, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747911/a-qualitative-assessment-of-safe-work-practices-in-logging-in-the-southern-united-states
#16
Sadie H Conway, Lisa A Pompeii, Vanessa Casanova, David I Douphrate
BACKGROUND: The logging industry is recognized as one of the most dangerous professions in the U.S., but little is known about safety management practices on remote logging sites. METHODS: A total of six focus group sessions were held among logging supervisors and front line crew members in Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas (N = 27 participants). RESULTS: Participants perceived that logging was a dangerous profession, but its risks had been mitigated in several ways, most notably through mechanization of timber harvesting...
October 17, 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738046/complete-genome-sequences-of-two-novel-isolates-of-human-parainfluenza-virus-1-associated-with-acute-respiratory-infection
#17
J L Denson, J L Kennedy, W N Dehority, M M Eickman, K S Schwalm, A N Stoner, J C Kincaid, T J Abramo, T M Thompson, E M Ulloa, S W Burchiel, S A Young, D L Dinwiddie
Using target capture of viral nucleic acid and next-generation sequencing, we generated the complete genomes of two novel human parainfluenza virus 1 isolates. Isolates AR001 (accession no. KX570602) and NM001 (accession no. KX639498) were collected 3 months apart from pediatric patients with acute respiratory infection from Arkansas and New Mexico, respectively.
October 13, 2016: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703304/the-burden-of-pediatric-encephalitis-in-the-united-states
#18
COMMENT
Leena B Mithal
Investigators from the University of Maryland, University of Colorado, and Arkansas Children's Hospital studied the epidemiology, management and resource utilization of children admitted to hospitals in the United States with encephalitis.
October 2016: Pediatric neurology briefs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27702954/insurance-churning-rates-for-low-income-adults-under-health-reform-lower-than-expected-but-still-harmful-for-many
#19
Benjamin D Sommers, Rebecca Gourevitch, Bethany Maylone, Robert J Blendon, Arnold M Epstein
Changes in insurance coverage over time, or "churning," may have adverse consequences, but there has been little evidence on churning since implementation of the major coverage expansions in the Affordable Care Act (ACA) in 2014. We explored the frequency and implications of churning through surveying 3,011 low-income adults in Kentucky, which used a traditional expansion of Medicaid; Arkansas, which chose a "private option" expansion that enrolled beneficiaries in private Marketplace plans; and Texas, which opted not to expand...
October 1, 2016: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27691381/assessing-telemedicine-utilization-by-using-medicaid-claims-data
#20
Megan Daugherty Douglas, Junjun Xu, Akilah Heggs, Glenda Wrenn, Dominic H Mack, George Rust
OBJECTIVE: This study characterized telemedicine utilization among Medicaid enrollees by patients' demographic characteristics, geographic location, enrollment type, eligibility category, and clinical conditions. METHODS: This study used 2008-2009 Medicaid claims data from 28 states and the District of Columbia to characterize telemedicine claims (indicated by GT for professional fee claims or Q3014 for facility fees) on the basis of patients' demographic characteristics, geographic location, enrollment type, eligibility category, and clinical condition as indicated by ICD-9 codes...
October 3, 2016: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
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