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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917305/genetic-variability-of-cloned-cytauxzoon-felis-ribosomal-rna-its1-and-its2-genomic-regions-from-domestic-cats-with-varied-clinical-outcomes-from-five-states
#1
Dana A Pollard, Mason V Reichard, Leah A Cohn, Andrea M James, Patricia J Holman
Cytauxzoon felis is a tick-borne hemoparasite that causes cytauxzoonosis in domestic cats in the United States. Historically, feline cytauxzoonosis was reported to be nearly always fatal. However, increasing evidence of cats surviving acute infection and/or harboring a chronic, subclinical infection has suggested the existence of different C. felis strains that may vary in pathogenicity. In this study, the intraspecific variation of the C. felis first and second ribosomal RNA internal transcribed spacer (ITS1, ITS2) regions was assessed for any clinical outcome or geographic associations...
September 15, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910718/water-quality-of-surface-runoff-and-lint-yield-in-cotton-under-furrow-irrigation-in-northeast-arkansas
#2
M Arlene A Adviento-Borbe, Brittany D Barnes, Oluwayinka Iseyemi, Amanda M Mann, Michele L Reba, William J Robertson, Joseph H Massey, Tina G Teague
Use of furrow irrigation in row crop production is a common practice through much of the Midsouth US and yet, nutrients can be transported off-site through surface runoff. A field study with cotton (Gossypium hirsutum, L.) was conducted to understand the impact of furrow tillage practices and nitrogen (N) fertilizer placement on characteristics of runoff water quality during the growing season. The experiment was designed as a randomized complete block design with conventional (CT) and conservation furrow tillage (FT) in combination with either urea (URN) broadcast or 32% urea ammonium nitrate (UAN) injected, each applied at 101kgNha(-1)...
September 11, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899630/protection-against-infectious-bronchitis-virus-by-spike-ectodomain-subunit-vaccine
#3
Fatma Eldemery, Kellye S Joiner, Haroldo Toro, Vicky L van Santen
The avian coronavirus infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) S1 subunit of the spike (S) glycoprotein mediates viral attachment to host cells and the S2 subunit is responsible for membrane fusion. Using IBV Arkansas-type (Ark) S protein histochemistry, we show that extension of S1 with the S2 ectodomain improves binding to chicken tissues. Although the S1 subunit is the major inducer of neutralizing antibodies, vaccination with S1 protein has been shown to confer inadequate protection against challenge. The demonstrated contribution of S2 ectodomain to binding to chicken tissues suggests that vaccination with the ectodomain might improve protection compared to vaccination with S1 alone...
September 9, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872535/the-opportunity-awaits-to-lead-orthopaedic-telehealth-innovation-aoa-critical-issues
#4
Montri D Wongworawat, Gary Capistrant, John M Stephenson
Telehealth is a way to provide health-care services to a patient from a provider who is at another location. The most common methods include a live interactive visit with the patient, interpretation of imaging, and monitoring of patient progress. Principally, telehealth is a way of providing a service rather than a type of service. It is about patient care, not data care.Examples of orthopaedic applications include conducting patient examinations, interpreting imaging studies, and providing postoperative care...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827424/experimental-constraints-on-dynamic-fragmentation-as-a-dissipative-process-during-seismic-slip
#5
Troy Barber, W Ashley Griffith
Various fault damage fabrics, from gouge in the principal slip zone to fragmented and pulverized rocks in the fault damage zone, have been attributed to brittle deformation at high strain rates during earthquake rupture. Past experimental work has shown that there exists a critical threshold in stress-strain rate space through which rock failure transitions from failure along a few discrete fracture planes to intense fragmentation. We present new experimental results on Arkansas Novaculite (AN) and Westerly Granite (WG) in which we quantify fracture surface area produced by dynamic fragmentation under uniaxial compressive loading and examine the controls of pre-existing mineral anisotropy on dissipative processes at the microscale...
September 28, 2017: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818896/genome-sequences-of-three-novel-isolates-of-human-parainfluenza-virus-2-associated-with-acute-respiratory-infection
#6
J L Kennedy, J C Kincaid, K C Schwalm, A N Stoner, T J Abramo, T M Thompson, O Hardin, C Putt, D L Dinwiddie
Using target capture of viral nucleic acid and next-generation sequencing, we generated the genome sequences of three novel human parainfluenza virus 2 isolates. Isolates ACRI_0185 (GenBank accession number MF077311), ACRI_0230 (MF077312), and ACRI_0248 (MF077313) were collected in October 2016, February 2017, and March 2017, respectively, from pediatric patients with acute respiratory infection in Arkansas.
August 17, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816485/risks-resources-and-depressive-symptomatology-among-marshallese-adolescents
#7
Kevin M Fitzpatrick, Don Willis
This study examined risks and resources to assess depressive symptom variation among a sample of Marshallese adolescents attending a Northwest Arkansas high school. A self-administered questionnaire was completed by 10th-12th-grade students (N = 1,493). With a general response rate in excess of 78%, the subsample (n = 208) represented 75% of all Marshallese students attending the high school and approximately 9% of the total K-12 Marshallese population. Average depressive symptom (CES-D) scores for Marshallese adolescents were 17...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812936/investigation-of-goldmann-perimetry-in-evaluation-of-patients-for-upper-eyelid-blepharoplasty
#8
John D Pemberton, Michael Salter, Aaron Fay, Bradley Thuro, Horace Spencer, Omar Dajani
PURPOSE: To determine if preoperative Goldmann Visual Field (GVF) testing in patients with functional dermatochalasis accurately depicts the postoperative superior visual field (SVF) outcome. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was done to compare preoperative and postoperative GVF field tests in patients undergoing upper eyelid blepharoplasty for treatment of dermatochalasis. This study was conducted in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki and approved by the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences institutional review board...
August 16, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801463/shaping-health-policy-for-low-income-populations-an-assessment-of-public-comments-in-a-new-medicaid-waiver-process
#9
Marian Jarlenski, Philip Rocco, Renuka Tipirneni, Amy Jo Kennedy, Nivedita Gunturi, Julie Donohue
Since the Supreme Court decided that the Affordable Care Act's (ACA) Medicaid expansion is optional for the states, several have obtained federal approval to use Section 1115 waivers to expand Medicaid while changing its coverage and benefits design. There has long been concern that policy making for Medicaid populations may lack meaningful engagement with low-income constituents, and therefore the ACA established a new process under which the public can submit comments on pending Medicaid waiver applications...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800832/knowledge-of-appropriate-outpatient-pediatric-echocardiogram-ordering-in-primary-care-physicians-and-trainees
#10
Sean M Lang, Joshua A Daily, Micheal R FitzGerald, Xinyu Tang, Thomas H Best, James M Robbins, R Thomas Collins
Appropriate Use Criteria (AUC) for the initial use of outpatient pediatric echocardiography were established to aid all clinicians in the evaluation of children with possible heart disease, and limit low diagnostic yield studies. We sought to (1) assess PCPs' and trainees' awareness of the AUC document; (2) compare their knowledge of appropriate echocardiogram ordering with that of pediatric cardiologists; and (3) identify additional medical and nonmedical factors affecting PCP echocardiogram ordering. An online survey with clinical scenarios derived from the AUC guidelines was distributed to PCPs and trainees in Arkansas, and pediatric cardiologists from Arkansas Children's Hospital and Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center...
October 1, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798162/three-complete-genome-sequences-of-genotype-g-mumps-virus-from-the-2016-outbreak-in-arkansas-usa
#11
Duah Alkam, Thidathip Wongsurawat, Piroon Jenjaroenpun, Skylar Connor, Charlotte Hobbs, Trudy M Wassenaar, Se-Ran Jun, Intawat Nookaew, David Ussery
We present here the complete genome sequences of three mumps virus (MuV) strains isolated from patients who tested positive for the mumps virus during a mumps outbreak in Springdale, AR (USA), in 2016. The virus genomes, sequenced with Oxford Nanopore technology, belong to genotype G and have an average length of 15,342 nucleotides (nt).
August 10, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771402/improving-culturally-appropriate-care-using-a-community-based-participatory-research-approach-evaluation-of-a-multicomponent-cultural-competency-training-program-arkansas-2015-2016
#12
Pearl Anna McElfish, Christopher R Long, Brett Rowland, Sarah Moore, Ralph Wilmoth, Britni Ayers
INTRODUCTION: The United States continues to become more racially and ethnically diverse, and racial/ethnic minority communities encounter sociocultural barriers to quality health care, including implicit racial/ethnic bias among health care providers. In response, health care organizations are developing and implementing cultural competency curricula. Using a community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach, we developed and evaluated a cultural competency training program to improve the delivery of culturally appropriate care in Marshallese and Hispanic communities...
August 3, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751382/draft-genome-sequence-of-anoxybacillus-sp-strain-uark-01-a-new-thermophilic-lignin-utilizing-bacterium-isolated-from-soil-in-arkansas-usa
#13
Thamir H Alkahem Albalawi, Douglas D Rhoads, Ravi D Barabote
The draft genome of Anoxybacillus sp. strain UARK-01, a novel lignin-utilizing thermophilic soil bacterium, represents the first sequence of an Anoxybacillus isolate from the United States. The genome was sequenced using the Illumina MiSeq platform, de novo assembled using SeqMan NGen, and annotated at NCBI. The genome sequence revealed genes for laccase and lignocellulose degradation enzymes.
July 27, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742978/consideration-for-eliminating-conjunctival-closure-in-the-enucleation-procedure
#14
John D Pemberton, Hugh Wright, Brian T Fowler, Juliet Kim, James C Fleming
To compare post-operative results and complications in patients who undergo enucleation with or without suture closure of the conjunctiva. This was a retrospective chart review study. Review of 50 cases of enucleation surgery at the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences and Arkansas Children's Hospital between July 2011 and December 2014. Criteria for inclusion in the study were all cases of enucleation that had extraocular muscles attached to a spherical orbital implant with or without conjunctival closure, and at least 2 months of postoperative follow up...
July 25, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742092/cadmium-exposure-and-endometrial-cancer-risk-a-large-midwestern-u-s-population-based-case-control-study
#15
Jane A McElroy, Robin L Kruse, James Guthrie, Ronald E Gangnon, J David Robertson
Estrogen-mimicking chemicals, such as cadmium, may be associated with increased susceptibility to hormone-dependent cancers, though supporting data are sparse, particularly for endometrial cancer. The Health and Environmental Exposure Research (HEER) study worked with the Arkansas Central Cancer Registry, Iowa Cancer Registry and Missouri Cancer Registry to obtain names of women diagnosed with endometrial cancer who were willing to be contacted for participation in our case control study. Voter registration lists from Iowa and Missouri were used to randomly select similarly aged women as represented in the case population...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726533/ophthalmic-findings-in-patients-with-arterial-tortuosity-syndrome-and-carriers-a-case-series
#16
Joshua S Hardin, Yuri A Zarate, Bert Callewaert, Paul H Phillips, David B Warner
INTRODUCTION: Arterial tortuosity syndrome (ATS) is a rare autosomal recessive disease hallmarked by tortuosity, stenosis, and aneurysm development of large- and medium-sized arteries. Mutations in SLC2A10, a gene that encodes the facilitative glucose transporter GLUT10, cause ATS. Several case reports have noted associated ophthalmic findings such as keratoconus, keratoglobus, and myopia without detailed descriptions or standardized examinations. We report the ophthalmic findings in a cohort of compound heterozygous ATS patients and heterozygous carriers of SLC2A10 mutations...
July 20, 2017: Ophthalmic Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689351/leveraging-community-based-participatory-research-capacity-to-recruit-pacific-islanders-into-a-genetics-study
#17
Pearl A McElfish, Marie-Rachelle Narcisse, Christopher R Long, Britni L Ayers, Nicola L Hawley, Nia Aitaoto, Sheldon Riklon, L Joseph Su, Shumona Z Ima, Ralph O Wilmoth, Thomas K Schulz, Susan Kadlubar
Pacific Islanders face many health disparities, including higher rates of cardiovascular disease, cancer, obesity, and diabetes compared to other racial and ethnic groups. Specifically, the Marshallese population suffers disproportionately from type 2 diabetes, with rates 400% higher than the general US population. As part of an ongoing community-based participatory research (CBPR) partnership, 148 participants were recruited for a study examining genetic variants to better understand diabetes. Participants provided a saliva specimen in an Oragene® DNA self-collection kit...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Community Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684251/-prologues-to-a-bad-voice-effect-of-vocal-hygiene-knowledge-and-training-on-voice-quality-following-stage-performance
#18
Balaji Rangarathnam, Towino Paramby, Gary H McCullough
PURPOSE: The purpose of this investigation was to determine the effects of intensive stage rehearsal and performance on perceptual, acoustic, and aerodynamic measures of voice, and to determine the impact of knowledge and practice of vocal hygiene on measures of voice during intensive vocal performance. METHODS: Nineteen stage actors who were participating in the Arkansas Shakespeare Theatre festival took part in the study. Each participant completed auditory-perceptual, acoustic, aerodynamic, and quality of life measures before and after 1 month of intensive rehearsals and stage performances...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684006/evolution-in-the-surgical-care-of-patients-with-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-in-the-mid-south-quality-of-surgical-resection-cohort
#19
MULTICENTER STUDY
Nicholas R Faris, Matthew P Smeltzer, Fujin Lu, Carrie L Fehnel, Nibedita Chakraborty, Cheryl L Houston-Harris, E Todd Robbins, Raymond S Signore, Laura M McHugh, Bradley A Wolf, Lynn Wiggins, Paul Levy, Vishal Sachdev, Raymond U Osarogiagbon
Surgery is the most important curative treatment modality for patients with early-stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We examined the pattern of surgical resection for NSCLC in a high incidence and mortality region of the United States over a 10-year period (2004-2013) in the context of a regional surgical quality improvement initiative. We abstracted patient-level data on all resections at 11 hospitals in 4 contiguous Dartmouth Hospital Referral Regions in North Mississippi, East Arkansas, and West Tennessee...
April 2017: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679019/adequately-addressing-pediatric-obesity-challenges-faced-by-primary-care-providers
#20
Marilou Shreve, Allison Scott, Kelly Vowell Johnson
OBJECTIVE: To assess the challenges primary care providers encounter when providing counseling for pediatric patients identified as obese. METHODS: A survey assessed the current challenges and barriers to the screening and treatment of pediatric obesity for providers in northwest Arkansas who provide care to families. The survey consisted of 15 Likert scale questions and 4 open-ended questions. RESULTS: Time, resources, comfort, and cultural issues were reported by providers as the biggest barriers in screening and the treatment of pediatric obesity...
July 2017: Southern Medical Journal
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