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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330668/impact-of-duplicate-ct-scan-rate-after-implementation-of-transfer-image-repository-system-at-a-level-1-trauma-center
#1
Charles W Sheppard, Amy L Groll, Cindy L Austin, Simon J Thompson
PURPOSE: The regionalization of trauma in the USA results in frequent transfers of patients from a primary hospital ED to a higher level trauma facility. While many hospitals have a Picture Archive Communication System (PACS) which captures digital radiological images, these are often not available to the receiving institution resulting in duplicate imaging. The state of Arkansas instituted a trauma image repository (TIR) in July 2013. We examined whether implementation of this repository would impact CT scan duplication in the trauma system...
January 12, 2018: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319585/which-us-states-pose-the-greatest-threats-to-military-readiness-and-public-health-public-health-policy-implications-for-a-cross-sectional-investigation-of-cardiorespiratory-fitness-body-mass-index-and-injuries-among-us-army-recruits
#2
Daniel B Bornstein, George L Grieve, Morgan N Clennin, Alexander C McLain, Laurie P Whitsel, Michael W Beets, Keith G Hauret, Bruce H Jones, Mark A Sarzynski
OBJECTIVE: Many states in the southern region of the United States are recognized for higher rates of obesity, physical inactivity, and chronic disease. These states are therefore recognized for their disproportionate public health burden. The purpose of this study was to investigate state-level distributions of cardiorespiratory fitness, body mass index (BMI), and injuries among US Army recruits in order to determine whether or not certain states may also pose disproportionate threats to military readiness and national security...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319472/state-variations-in-infant-mortality-by-race-and-hispanic-origin-of-mother-2013-2015
#3
T J Matthews, Danielle M Ely, Anne K Driscoll
Data from the National Vital Statistics System: -In 2013-2015, the infant mortality rate by state ranged from 4.28 per 1,000 live births in Massachusetts to 9.08 in Mississippi. -Among the 50 states and the District of Columbia (D.C.), the mortality rate for infants of non-Hispanic white women ranged from 2.52 in D.C. to 7.04 in Arkansas. -For infants of non-Hispanic black women, the mortality rate ranged from 8.27 in Massachusetts to 14.28 in Wisconsin. -The mortality rate for infants of Hispanic women ranged from 3...
January 2018: NCHS Data Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281077/value-of-neonicotinoid-insecticide-seed-treatments-in-mid-south-cotton-gossypium-hirsutum-malvales-malvaceae-production-systems
#4
J H North, J Gore, A L Catchot, S D Stewart, G M Lorenz, F R Musser, D R Cook, D L Kerns, D M Dodds
Neonicotinoid insecticides are currently one of two classes of chemicals available as a seed treatment for growers to manage early season insect pests of cotton, Gossypium hirsutum L. (Malvales: Malvaceae), and they are used on nearly 100% of cotton hectares in the midsouthern states. An analysis was performed on 100 seed-treatment trials from Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Tennessee to determine the value of neonicotinoid seed treatments in cotton production systems. The analysis compared seed treated with neonicotinoid insecticides seed treatments plus a fungicide with seed only treated with fungicide...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215349/spatiotemporal-variation-of-bacterial-water-quality-and-the-relationship-with-pasture-land-cover
#5
Erin E Scott, Mansoor D K Leh, Brian E Haggard
Pathogens are a major cause of water quality impairment and public health concern world-wide. In the United States, each state is tasked with developing water quality standards (WQS) to protect the designated use(s) of waterbodies. Several streams in the Illinois River Watershed in northwest Arkansas are currently listed as impaired due to elevated levels of pathogens. Our objective was to evaluate Escherichia coli (E. coli) numbers at 29 stream sites, compare these numbers to the applicable WQS, and investigate the relationship between E...
October 2017: Journal of Water and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214316/association-between-hospital-financial-distress-and-immediate-breast-reconstruction-surgery-after-mastectomy-among-women-with-ductal-carcinoma-in-situ
#6
Catherine A Richards, Andrew G Rundle, Jason D Wright, Dawn L Hershman
Importance: Hospital financial distress (HFD) is a state in which a hospital is at risk of closure because of its financial condition. Hospital financial distress may reduce the services a hospital can offer, particularly unprofitable ones. Few studies have assessed the association of HFD with quality of care. Objective: To examine the association between HFD and receipt of immediate breast reconstruction surgery after mastectomy among women diagnosed with ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS)...
December 6, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206640/trends-in-30-day-readmission-rates-after-copd-hospitalization-2006-2012
#7
Tadahiro Goto, Mohammad Kamal Faridi, Koichiro Gibo, Sengwee Toh, Nicola A Hanania, Carlos A Camargo, Kohei Hasegawa
BACKGROUND: Reduction in 30-day readmission rate after chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)-related hospitalization is a national objective. However, little is known about trends in readmission rates in recent years, particularly in priority populations defined by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ)(e.g., the elderly, women, racial/ethnic minorities, low-income and rural populations, and populations with chronic illnesses). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using data from the State Inpatient Database of eight geographically-dispersed US states (Arkansas, California, Florida, Iowa, Nebraska, New York, Utah, and Washington) from 2006 through 2012...
September 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205860/contrasting-patterns-of-variation-in-weedy-traits-and-unique-crop-features-in-divergent-populations-of-us-weedy-rice-oryza-sativa-sp-in-arkansas-and-california
#8
Kimberly L Kanapeckas, Te-Ming Tseng, Cynthia C Vigueira, Aida Ortiz, William C Bridges, Nilda R Burgos, Albert J Fischer, Amy Lawton-Rauh
BACKGROUND: Weed evolution from crops involves changes in key traits, but it is unclear how genetic and phenotypic variation contribute to weed diversification and productivity. Weedy rice is a conspecific weed of rice (Oryza sativa) worldwide. We used principal component analysis and hierarchical clustering to understand how morphologically and evolutionarily distinct US weedy rice populations persist in rice fields in different locations under contrasting management regimes. Further, we used a representative subset of 15 sequence-tagged-site fragments of expressed genes from global Oryza to assess genome-wide sequence variation among populations...
December 5, 2017: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190770/genetic-diversity-and-population-structure-analysis-of-spinach-by-single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-identified-through-genotyping-by-sequencing
#9
Ainong Shi, Jun Qin, Beiquan Mou, James Correll, Yuejin Weng, David Brenner, Chunda Feng, Dennis Motes, Wei Yang, Lingdi Dong, Gehendra Bhattarai, Waltram Ravelombola
Spinach (Spinacia oleracea L., 2n = 2x = 12) is an economically important vegetable crop worldwide and one of the healthiest vegetables due to its high concentrations of nutrients and minerals. The objective of this research was to conduct genetic diversity and population structure analysis of a collection of world-wide spinach genotypes using single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) markers. Genotyping by sequencing (GBS) was used to discover SNPs in spinach genotypes. Three sets of spinach genotypes were used: 1) 268 USDA GRIN spinach germplasm accessions originally collected from 30 countries; 2) 45 commercial spinach F1 hybrids from three countries; and 3) 30 US Arkansas spinach cultivars/breeding lines...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190158/integrating-interprofessional-education-and-cultural-competency-training-to-address-health-disparities
#10
Pearl Anna McElfish, Ramey Moore, Bill Buron, Jonell Hudson, Christopher R Long, Rachel S Purvis, Thomas K Schulz, Brett Rowland, T Scott Warmack
PROBLEM: Many U.S. medical schools have accreditation requirements for interprofessional education and training in cultural competency, yet few programs have developed programs to meet both of these requirements simultaneously. Furthermore, most training programs to address these requirements are broad in nature and do not focus on addressing health disparities. The lack of integration may reduce the students' ability to apply the knowledge learned. Innovative programs that combine these two learning objectives and focus on disenfranchised communities are needed to train the next generation of health professionals...
November 30, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177425/value-of-neonicotinoid-insecticide-seed-treatments-in-mid-south-corn-zea-mays-production-systems
#11
J H North, J Gore, A L Catchot, S D Stewart, G M Lorenz, F R Musser, D R Cook, D L Kerns, B R Leonard, D M Dodds
Neonicotinoid seed treatments are one of several effective control options used in corn, Zea mays L., production in the Mid-South for early season insect pests. An analysis was performed on 91 insecticide seed treatment trials from Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Tennessee to determine the value of neonicotinoids in corn production systems. The analysis compared neonicotinoid insecticide treated seed plus a fungicide to seed only with the same fungicide. When analyzed by state, corn yields were significantly higher when neonicotinoid seed treatments were used compared to fungicide only treated seed in Louisiana and Mississippi...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161074/challenging-and-preventing-policies-that-prohibit-local-civil-rights-protections-for-lesbian-gay-bisexual-transgender-and-queer-people
#12
Jennifer L Pomeranz
Discrimination causes health inequities for stigmatized groups. Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) individuals, in particular, are at significantly increased risk for disparate health outcomes when they reside in states that fail to extend equal protections to them or that actively deprive equal rights to them. Several states and the federal government have proposed or enacted laws that permit residents to discriminate against LGBTQ individuals. One such law, Arkansas's Intrastate Commerce Improvement Act of 2015, preempts or prohibits local governments from enacting civil rights protections for LGBTQ individuals that are also lacking at the state level...
November 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158660/empowering-one-community-at-a-time-for-policy-system-and-environmental-changes-to-impact-obesity
#13
Katrina Betancourt, Andrea Ridgway, Joy Rockenbach, Sequoya Eady, Joanice Thompson, Lori Brand Bateman, Mona N Fouad, Yu-Mei M Schoenberger
Objective: This article describes Mayors Mentoring Mayors (3M), an initiative of the Arkansas Coalition for Obesity Prevention (ArCOP), which expanded to five states to become the signature community initiative of the Mid-South Transdisciplinary Collaborative Center (Mid-South TCC) for Health Disparities Research. Methods: The 3M program is an extension of the Growing Healthy Communities (GHC) program, which sought to build capacity within communities to reduce obesity by implementing policy, system and environmental (PSE) changes that support healthy living...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156065/examining-exercise-in-older-adults-using-the-theory-of-planned-behavior-and-temporal-discounting
#14
Linda M Tate, Pao-Feng Tsai, Mallikarjuna Rettiganti, Reid D Landes, Leanne L Lefler, Keneshia Bryant-Moore
Exercise is one of the most important health behaviors to reduce and prevent the severity of many chronic diseases. The purpose of the current study was to determine if adding temporal discounting (TD) would affect the predictability of the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) in exercising among older adults. One hundred thirty-seven older adults were recruited from 11 churches in rural Arkansas using a cross-sectional design. Information regarding participants' exercise behavior, constructs of the TPB, TD rates, and demographics was collected...
November 1, 2017: Research in Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134483/evaluating-the-impact-of-dyslexia-laws-on-the-identification-of-specific-learning-disability-and-dyslexia
#15
B Anne Barber Phillips, Timothy N Odegard
Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that impacts word reading accuracy and/or reading fluency. Over half of the states in the USA have passed legislation intended to promote better identification of individuals with dyslexia. To date, no study has been conducted to investigate the potential impact of state laws on the identification of specific learning disability (SLD), and limited data has been presented on the rate at which students in public school settings are identified with dyslexia. The first aim of the current study was to determine if any detectable changes in the identification rates of SLD have occurred in states implementing dyslexia laws because most states do not report number of students identified as dyslexic but rather those students identified with an SLD...
November 13, 2017: Annals of Dyslexia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134436/common-cutaneous-bacteria-isolated-from-snakes-inhibit-growth-of-ophidiomyces-ophiodiicola
#16
Aubree J Hill, Jacob E Leys, Danny Bryan, Fantasia M Erdman, Katherine S Malone, Gabrielle N Russell, Roger D Applegate, Heather Fenton, Kevin Niedringhaus, Andrew N Miller, Matthew C Allender, Donald M Walker
There is increasing concern regarding potential impacts of snake fungal disease (SFD), caused by Ophidiomyces ophiodiicola (Oo), on free-ranging snake populations in the eastern USA. The snake cutaneous microbiome likely serves as the first line of defense against Oo and other pathogens; however, little is known about microbial associations in snakes. The objective of this study was to better define the composition and immune function of the snake cutaneous microbiome. Eight timber rattlesnakes (Crotalus horridus) and four black racers (Coluber constrictor) were captured in Arkansas and Tennessee, with some snakes exhibiting signs of SFD...
November 13, 2017: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126795/providers-perspectives-of-barriers-experienced-in-maternal-health-care-among-marshallese-women
#17
Britni L Ayers, Nicola L Hawley, Rachel S Purvis, Sarah J Moore, Pearl A McElfish
PROBLEM: Pacific Islanders are disproportionately burdened by poorer maternal health outcomes with higher rates of pre-term births, low birth weight babies, infant mortality, and inadequate or no prenatal care. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was twofold: (1) to explore maternal health care providers' perceptions and experiences of barriers in providing care to Marshallese women, and (2) providers perceived barriers of access to care among Marshallese women. This is the first paper to explore perceived barriers to maternal health care among a Marshallese community from maternal health care providers' perspectives in the United States...
November 7, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120561/a-community-based-participatory-research-approach-to-identifying-environmental-concerns
#18
Ellizabeth Ablah, Jack Brown, Barry Carroll, Tonya Bronleewe
A community-based participatory research process was used to develop an environmental initiative in Wichita, Kansas, called the Wichita Initiative to Renew the Environment (WIRE). The two-year project, led by University of Kansas School of Medicine–Wichita faculty and a community-based organization, was funded by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. The project aimed to identify, prioritize, and address Wichitans’ environmental concerns by engaging the community to assist in developing the project design, establish a community-based environmental leadership council to guide the project, and identify and prioritize the community’s environmental concerns based on impact and perceived urgency for action...
December 2016: Journal of Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120297/recent-us-bluetongue-virus-serotype-3-isolates-found-outside-of-florida-indicate-evidence-of-reassortment-with-co-circulating-endemic-serotypes
#19
Erin E Schirtzinger, Dane C Jasperson, Eileen N Ostlund, Donna J Johnson, William C Wilson
Since 1999, 11 serotypes of bluetongue virus (BTV) similar to Central American or Caribbean strains have been isolated in the southeastern United States, predominantly in Florida. The majority of the incursive serotypes have remained restricted to the southeastern US. In recent years, BTV serotype 3 (BTV-3) has been isolated in areas increasingly distant from Florida. The current study uses whole genome sequencing of recent and historical BTV-3 isolates from the US, Central America and the Caribbean with additional sequences from GenBank to conduct phylogenetic analyses...
November 9, 2017: Journal of General Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095189/venous-thromboembolism-after-surgical-treatment-of-breast-cancer
#20
Arash Momeni, Justin P Fox
BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) remains a serious complication after the surgical treatment of breast cancer. Contemporary guidelines limit VTE chemoprophylaxis to the period of hospitalization. We conducted this study to evaluate the frequency of postdischarge VTE among surgically treated breast cancer patients and identify patient level factors associated with postdischarge VTE. METHODS: Using Arkansas, Florida, Nebraska, and New York state inpatient databases, we conducted a retrospective cohort study of adult women who underwent surgical treatment for breast cancer between October 1, 2008, and September 30, 2013...
October 31, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
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