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Diana Escalona-Vargas, Jessica L Coker, Shona Ray-Griffith, Eric R Siegel, Curtis L Lowery, Zachary N Stowe, Hari Eswaran
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: In-utero exposure to opioids including buprenorphine (BUP) has been shown to affect fetal activity, specifically heart-rate variability (FHRV) and fetal movement (FM). Our objective was to extract simultaneous recordings of fetal cardiac, and brain-related activity in BUP-maintained and non-opioid exposed pregnant women using a novel non-invasive biomagnetic technique. DESIGN: A pilot study was conducted, recording and analyzing biomagnetic data from fetuses of BUP-maintained and non-opioid exposed pregnant women...
May 20, 2018: Addiction
Phillip L Stephenson, Terry L Griswold, Michael S Arduser, Ashley P G Dowling, David G Krementz
Background: Here we present the results from a two-year bee survey conducted on 18 managed emergent wetlands in the lower Mississippi Alluvial Valley of Arkansas, USA. Sample methods included pan traps, sweep netting and blue-vane traps. We document 83 bee species and morphospecies in 5 families and 31 genera, of which 37 species represent first published state records for Arkansas. The majority of species were opportunistic wetland species; only a small number were wetland-dependent species or species largely restricted to alluvial plains...
2018: Biodiversity Data Journal
Pearl A McElfish, Christopher R Long, James P Selig, Brett Rowland, Rachel S Purvis, Laura James, Angel Holland, Holly C Felix, Marie-Rachelle Narcisse
Prior research suggests that rural and minority communities participate in research at lower rates. While rural and minority populations are often cited as being underrepresented in research, population-based studies on health research participation have not been conducted. This study used questions added to the 2015 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System to understand factors associated with i) health research participation, ii) opportunities to participate in health research, and iii) willingness to participate in health research from a representative sample (n = 5,256) of adults in Arkansas...
May 17, 2018: Clinical and Translational Science
Amanda J Compadre, Melinda E Simonson, Katy Gray, Gail Runnells, Susan Kadlubar, Kristin K Zorn
Background: African-American women, especially in the southern United States, are underrepresented in cancer genetics research. A study was designed to address this issue by investigating the germline mutation rate in African-American women in Arkansas with a personal and/or family history of breast cancer. Women were tested for these mutations using a large panel of breast cancer susceptibility genes. In this analysis, we discuss the challenges encountered in recruiting African-American women from an existing biorepository to participate in this study...
2018: Hereditary Cancer in Clinical Practice
Tej D Azad, Daniel Vail, Chloe O'Connell, Summer S Han, Anand Veeravagu, John K Ratliff
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: The role of arthrodesis in the surgical management of lumbar spondylolisthesis remains controversial. We hypothesized that practice patterns and outcomes for this patient population may vary widely. PURPOSE: To characterize geographic variation in surgical practices and outcomes for patients with lumbar spondylolisthesis. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: Retrospective analysis on a national longitudinal database between 2007 and 2014...
May 7, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Pearl Anna McElfish, Christopher R Long, Joseph Keawe'aimoku Kaholokula, Nia Aitaoto, Zoran Bursac, Lucy Capelle, Melisa Laelan, Williamina Ioanna Bing, Sheldon Riklon, Brett Rowland, Britni L Ayers, Ralph O Wilmoth, Krista N Langston, Mario Schootman, James P Selig, Karen Hye-Cheon Kim Yeary
BACKGROUND: Pacific Islander populations, including Marshallese, face a disproportionately high burden of health disparities relative to the general population. OBJECTIVES: A community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach was utilized to engage Marshallese participants in a comparative effectiveness trial testing 2 Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) interventions designed to reduce participant's weight, lower HbA1c, encourage healthy eating, and increase physical activity...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Pearl A McElfish, Almas Chughtai, Lisa K Low, Robert Garner, Rachel S Purvis
INTRODUCTION: Marshallese migrating to the United States encounter challenges in accessing health care. Previous literature has investigated Marshallese participants' perceptions of the barriers they face in accessing health care. For this study, health care providers managing the care of Marshallese patients were interviewed to understand the providers' perception of barriers that their Marshallese patients encounter. METHODS: A qualitative research design was utilized to explore health care providers' perceptions of and experiences with the barriers faced by their Marshallese patients when accessing the US health care system...
May 4, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
Katherine A Parys, Randall G Luttrell, Gordon L Snodgrass, Maribel R Portilla
Populations of tarnished plant bug, Lygus lineolaris (Palisot de Beauvois) (Hemiptera: Miridae), from the Lower Mississippi Delta regions of Arkansas, Louisiana, and Mississippi were evaluated from 2008 through 2015 for susceptibility to pyrethroid insecticides using a diagnostic-dose assay with permethrin. Resulting data add to the compilation of pyrethroid susceptibility data carefully tracked in this pest since 1994 and provide continuing evidence of high frequencies of pyrethroid resistance in field populations of the tarnished plant bug...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Insect Science
Jean C McSweeney, Beatrice Boateng, Laura James, Pearl Anna McElfish, David Robinson, Sandra E Hatley, Pamela Christie, Nia Indelicato
BACKGROUND: A major challenge in clinical research today is the difficulty that studies have in meeting recruitment goals. Up to 48% of studies do not meet accrual goals within the specified timeframe, significantly delaying the progress of projects and the dissemination of findings. This pervasive problem is a recruitment crisis. We developed a representative, ethnically and racially diverse research participant registry in a predominantly rural state with high levels of health care disparities and minority populations...
May 1, 2018: Health Communication
J D Adams, Catalina Capitan-Jiménez, Robert A Huggins, Douglas J Casa, Andy Mauromoustakos, Stavros A Kavouras
OBJECTIVE: To assess the diagnostic ability of urine reagent strips to identify hypohydration based on urine specific gravity (USG). DESIGN: This study examined the agreement of USG between strips and refractometry with Bland-Altman, whereas the diagnostic ability of the strips to assess hypohydration was performed by receiver operating characteristic analysis. SETTING: Arkansas high school football preseason practice. PARTICIPANTS: Four hundred fourteen fresh urine samples were analyzed...
April 11, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
Kipp A Cryar, Timothy Hereford, Paul K Edwards, Eric Siegel, C Lowry Barnes, Simon C Mears
BACKGROUND: The use of narcotics has been found to be a modifiable risk factor for success of arthroplasty. We sought to determine the risk factors leading to increased narcotic use after total hip arthroplasty and total knee arthroplasty. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed on new patients presenting to an orthopedic reconstructive-service clinic. New patients aged 18 years or older with osteoarthritis of the hip or knee who presented over a 1-year period and underwent total knee arthroplasty or total hip arthroplasty were included...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
Jon Baio, Lisa Wiggins, Deborah L Christensen, Matthew J Maenner, Julie Daniels, Zachary Warren, Margaret Kurzius-Spencer, Walter Zahorodny, Cordelia Robinson Rosenberg, Tiffany White, Maureen S Durkin, Pamela Imm, Loizos Nikolaou, Marshalyn Yeargin-Allsopp, Li-Ching Lee, Rebecca Harrington, Maya Lopez, Robert T Fitzgerald, Amy Hewitt, Sydney Pettygrove, John N Constantino, Alison Vehorn, Josephine Shenouda, Jennifer Hall-Lande, Kim Van Naarden Braun, Nicole F Dowling
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD). PERIOD COVERED: 2014. DESCRIPTION OF SYSTEM: The Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring (ADDM) Network is an active surveillance system that provides estimates of the prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) among children aged 8 years whose parents or guardians reside within 11 ADDM sites in the United States (Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, Georgia, Maryland, Minnesota, Missouri, New Jersey, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Wisconsin)...
April 27, 2018: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
Kelli Dulaney, Kenneth Hohmeier, Cindy Fisher, Lindsey Cardosi, Mike Wasson
OBJECTIVES: To assess pharmacists' perceptions of point-of-care testing (POCT) and treatment for influenza and streptococcus pharyngitis in a community pharmacy setting. A secondary objective was to explore the correlation between demographic data and survey responses. METHODS: An anonymous electronic Likert-type-scale questionnaire was sent to pharmacists in a division of a large national supermarket chain pharmacy in western Tennessee, Mississippi, and Arkansas...
April 21, 2018: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
James W Jr Fetzner, Christopher A Taylor
Two new species of freshwater crayfish are described from the Ozarks Plateau of northern Arkansas and southern Missouri. Both species are restricted to the mainstem of rocky streams that are at least fourth-order or greater in size. Recent genetic and morphological investigations of the coldwater crayfish, Faxonius eupunctus Williams, 1952, indicated that it was actually composed of several undescribed species. Faxonius eupunctus is herein restricted to just the Eleven Point River system. Faxonius roberti, new species is found in the mainstem of the Spring and Strawberry river systems in northern Arkansas...
March 22, 2018: Zootaxa
Anthony A Echelle, Nicholas J Lang, W Calvin Borden, Michael R Schwemm, Christopher W Hoagstrom, David J Eisenhour, Richard L Mayden, Ronald A van den Bussche
The North American fish genus Macrhybopsis (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) as presently conceived comprises 12 species and occurs in much of interior eastern North America. Variation in the mitochondrial ND2 gene and the nuclear S7 intron 1 reveal conflicting gene-tree relationships for deeper nodes, which are assumed to represent past introgression and heterospecific mitochondrial fixation. The results support monophyly for the wide-ranging M. aestivalis complex with successive sister relationships to M. gelida, M...
January 25, 2018: Zootaxa
David P Fitzgerald, Daniel M Bingham, Margo Bushmiaer, Spencer W Hansen, Elise F Howser, Daniel A Smith, James G Williams, Stephen M Schexnayder
BACKGROUND Many states, including Arkansas, require CPR training before high school graduation. METHODS We modified the American Heart Association's CPR in Schools curriculum to deliver CPR and AED training with maximal individual practice. RESULTS 520 students were trained over a two-day period at Little Rock Central High School. Three students were unable to effectively participate due to physical limitations. The model was later applied at the five other district public high schools. CONCLUSIONS Training large numbers of students in a time-compressed formal is feasible with a highly dedicated, practiced instructor team...
June 2017: Journal of the Arkansas Medical Society
Nancy M Wells, Beth M Meyers, Lauren E Todd, Charles R Henderson, Karen Barale, Brad Gaolach, Gretchen Ferenz, Martha Aitken, Caroline C Tse, Karen Ostlie Pattison, Laura Hendrix, Janet B Carson, Cayla Taylor, Nancy K Franz
This group-randomized controlled trial examines the effects of a school garden intervention on availability of fruits and vegetables (FV) in elementary school children's homes. Within each region, low income U.S. schools in Arkansas, Iowa, New York, and Washington State were randomly assigned to intervention group (n = 24) or waitlist control group (n = 22). Children were in grades 2, 4, and 5 at baseline (n = 2768). The garden intervention consisted of both raised-bed garden kits and a series of grade-appropriate lessons...
April 5, 2018: Preventive Medicine
Zhaohao Shi, Pravin R Kaldhone, Bijay K Khajanchi, Steven L Foley, Steven C Ricke
The draft genome sequences of four Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis and Kentucky isolates were evaluated for biofilm formation and antibiotic resistance. The Salmonella serovar Kentucky strains CFS84 and CFS85 and Salmonella serovar Enteritidis strains CFS86 and CFS87 were isolated from retail poultry sources in Arkansas.
April 5, 2018: Genome Announcements
Hannah Porter, Delia S West, Mario A Cleves, Marie E Saylors, Aline Andres, Rebecca A Krukowski
BACKGROUND: Understanding the role of home food environment on gestational weight gain (GWG) may provide a useful weight management strategy to help reduce excessive GWG. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pregnant women recruited between 2011 and 2014 (N = 165; normal weight N = 65, overweight N = 62, obese N = 38) in Arkansas completed measures of high-fat food availability, low-fat food availability, and food storage practices at baseline (4-10 weeks) and 30 weeks gestation...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
Zongxi Han, Lei Jiang, Wenjun Zhao, Yuqiu Chen, Liwen Xu, Junfeng Sun, Yan Zhao, Shengwang Liu
Two infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) strains, designated as γCoV/ck/China/I0712/11 (I0712/11) and γCoV/ck/China/I0108/17 (I0108/17), were isolated from diseased chicken flocks in different provinces in China and genotyped as Arkansas (Ark)-type viruses with three other Chinese Ark field strains, the Jilin vaccine strain, and the American Ark- and Ark DPI-like viruses. Complete genomic sequence analysis and pairwise comparison of nucleotide sequences encoding the S1 subunit of the spike protein and other structural and accessory proteins revealed that Chinese Ark field isolates were genetically closely related to the Jilin vaccine and American ArkDPI11 strains, although extensive nucleotide changes were found across the genomes of Chinese Ark field isolates...
March 2018: Avian Diseases
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