keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Arkansas

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156065/examining-exercise-in-older-adults-using-the-theory-of-planned-behavior-and-temporal-discounting
#1
Linda M Tate, Pao-Feng Tsai, Mallikarjuna Rettiganti, Reid D Landes, Leanne L Lefler, Keneshia Bryant-Moore
Exercise is one of the most important health behaviors to reduce and prevent the severity of many chronic diseases. The purpose of the current study was to determine if adding temporal discounting (TD) would affect the predictability of the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) in exercising among older adults. One hundred thirty-seven older adults were recruited from 11 churches in rural Arkansas using a cross-sectional design. Information regarding participants' exercise behavior, constructs of the TPB, TD rates, and demographics was collected...
November 1, 2017: Research in Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134483/evaluating-the-impact-of-dyslexia-laws-on-the-identification-of-specific-learning-disability-and-dyslexia
#2
B Anne Barber Phillips, Timothy N Odegard
Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that impacts word reading accuracy and/or reading fluency. Over half of the states in the USA have passed legislation intended to promote better identification of individuals with dyslexia. To date, no study has been conducted to investigate the potential impact of state laws on the identification of specific learning disability (SLD), and limited data has been presented on the rate at which students in public school settings are identified with dyslexia. The first aim of the current study was to determine if any detectable changes in the identification rates of SLD have occurred in states implementing dyslexia laws because most states do not report number of students identified as dyslexic but rather those students identified with an SLD...
November 13, 2017: Annals of Dyslexia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134436/common-cutaneous-bacteria-isolated-from-snakes-inhibit-growth-of-ophidiomyces-ophiodiicola
#3
Aubree J Hill, Jacob E Leys, Danny Bryan, Fantasia M Erdman, Katherine S Malone, Gabrielle N Russell, Roger D Applegate, Heather Fenton, Kevin Niedringhaus, Andrew N Miller, Matthew C Allender, Donald M Walker
There is increasing concern regarding potential impacts of snake fungal disease (SFD), caused by Ophidiomyces ophiodiicola (Oo), on free-ranging snake populations in the eastern USA. The snake cutaneous microbiome likely serves as the first line of defense against Oo and other pathogens; however, little is known about microbial associations in snakes. The objective of this study was to better define the composition and immune function of the snake cutaneous microbiome. Eight timber rattlesnakes (Crotalus horridus) and four black racers (Coluber constrictor) were captured in Arkansas and Tennessee, with some snakes exhibiting signs of SFD...
November 13, 2017: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126795/providers-perspectives-of-barriers-experienced-in-maternal-health-care-among-marshallese-women
#4
Britni L Ayers, Nicola L Hawley, Rachel S Purvis, Sarah J Moore, Pearl A McElfish
PROBLEM: Pacific Islanders are disproportionately burdened by poorer maternal health outcomes with higher rates of pre-term births, low birth weight babies, infant mortality, and inadequate or no prenatal care. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was twofold: (1) to explore maternal health care providers' perceptions and experiences of barriers in providing care to Marshallese women, and (2) providers perceived barriers of access to care among Marshallese women. This is the first paper to explore perceived barriers to maternal health care among a Marshallese community from maternal health care providers' perspectives in the United States...
November 7, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120561/a-community-based-participatory-research-approach-to-identifying-environmental-concerns
#5
Ellizabeth Ablah, Jack Brown, Barry Carroll, Tonya Bronleewe
A community-based participatory research process was used to develop an environmental initiative in Wichita, Kansas, called the Wichita Initiative to Renew the Environment (WIRE). The two-year project, led by University of Kansas School of Medicine–Wichita faculty and a community-based organization, was funded by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. The project aimed to identify, prioritize, and address Wichitans’ environmental concerns by engaging the community to assist in developing the project design, establish a community-based environmental leadership council to guide the project, and identify and prioritize the community’s environmental concerns based on impact and perceived urgency for action...
December 2016: Journal of Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120297/recent-us-bluetongue-virus-serotype-3-isolates-found-outside-of-florida-indicate-evidence-of-reassortment-with-co-circulating-endemic-serotypes
#6
Erin E Schirtzinger, Dane C Jasperson, Eileen N Ostlund, Donna J Johnson, William C Wilson
Since 1999, 11 serotypes of bluetongue virus (BTV) similar to Central American or Caribbean strains have been isolated in the southeastern United States, predominantly in Florida. The majority of the incursive serotypes have remained restricted to the southeastern US. In recent years, BTV serotype 3 (BTV-3) has been isolated in areas increasingly distant from Florida. The current study uses whole genome sequencing of recent and historical BTV-3 isolates from the US, Central America and the Caribbean with additional sequences from GenBank to conduct phylogenetic analyses...
November 9, 2017: Journal of General Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095189/venous-thromboembolism-after-surgical-treatment-of-breast-cancer
#7
Arash Momeni, Justin P Fox
BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) remains a serious complication after the surgical treatment of breast cancer. Contemporary guidelines limit VTE chemoprophylaxis to the period of hospitalization. We conducted this study to evaluate the frequency of postdischarge VTE among surgically treated breast cancer patients and identify patient level factors associated with postdischarge VTE. METHODS: Using Arkansas, Florida, Nebraska, and New York state inpatient databases, we conducted a retrospective cohort study of adult women who underwent surgical treatment for breast cancer between October 1, 2008, and September 30, 2013...
October 31, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093136/state-variations-in-infant-feeding-regulations-for-child-care
#8
Sara E Benjamin-Neelon, Sarah Gonzalez-Nahm, Elyse Grossman, Melanie L Davis, Brian Neelon, Anna Ayers Looby, Natasha Frost
OBJECTIVES: Early care and education (ECE) settings have become primary targets for policy change in recent years. In our 2008 study, we assessed state and regional variation in infant feeding regulations for ECE and compared them to national standards. We conducted the same regulatory review to assess change over time. Because all but 2 states have updated their regulations, we hypothesized that states would have made substantial improvements in the number of regulations supporting infant feeding in ECE...
November 1, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082810/virulence-differences-in-blumeria-graminis-f-sp-tritici-from-the-central-and-eastern-united-states
#9
Christina Cowger, Lucky Kumar Mehra, Consuelo Arellano, Emily A Meyers, Paul Murphy
Wheat powdery mildew is a disease of international importance that occurs across a wide geographic area in the USA. A virulence survey of Blumeria graminis f. sp. tritici, the causal agent, was conducted by sampling 36 wheat fields in 15 U.S. states in the years 2013 and 2014. Using a hierarchical sampling protocol, isolates were derived from three separated plants at each of five separated sites within each field in order to assess the spatial distribution of pathotypes. A total of 1,017 isolates from those fields were tested individually on single-gene differential cultivars containing a total of 21 powdery mildew resistance (Pm) genes...
October 30, 2017: Phytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073126/notes-from-the-field-high-volume-of-lyme-disease-laboratory-reporting-in-a-low-incidence-state-arkansas-2015-2016
#10
Natalie A Kwit, Elizabeth A Dietrich, Christina Nelson, Richard Taffner, Jeannine Petersen, Martin Schriefer, Paul Mead, Susan Weinstein, Dirk Haselow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 27, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058514/transmissible-plasmids-and-integrons-shift-escherichia-coli-population-toward-larger-multiple-drug-resistance-numbers
#11
Suhartono Suhartono, Mary C Savin, Edward E Gbur
Transmissible plasmids and integrons may play important roles in the persistence and spread of antibiotic-resistant bacteria throughout aquatic environment by accumulating antibiotic resistance genes (ARG). Class 1 and class 2 integron (intI), mobilization (mob), sulfamethoxazole resistance (sul), and trimethoprim resistance (dfr) genes were PCR-amplified and confirmed through DNA sequencing following plasmid extraction from 139 antibiotic-resistant Escherichia coli. E. coli had previously been recovered from wastewater treatment plant effluent and receiving stream water in Northwest Arkansas and isolates had expressed resistance to one to six antibiotics...
October 23, 2017: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056625/the-development-of-a-community-engagement-workshop-a-community-led-approach-for-building-researcher-capacity
#12
Jake Coffey, Anna Huff-Davis, Christie Lindsey, Onie Norman, Henryetter Curtis, Calvin Criner, M Kathryn Stewart
BACKGROUND: Although community-engaged research (CEnR) is increasingly promoted in the literature, academic programs often fail to prepare researchers for the critical, ethical, and power issues involved in CEnR. This article documents a community-created and led workshop for CEnR researchers. OBJECTIVES: The workshop's main objective is to increase researchers' knowledge and felt experience of the "dos and don'ts" of CEnR in three research domains: entering the community, accommodating the realities and constraints of community-based organizations, and dissemination...
2017: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056624/community-health-warriors-marshallese-community-health-workers-perceptions-and-experiences-with-cbpr-and-community-engagement
#13
Rachel S Purvis, Williamina Ioanna Bing, Christopher J Jacob, Sharlynn Lang, Sammie Mamis, Mandy Ritok, Jellesen Rubon-Chutaro, Pearl Anna McElfish
Our manuscript highlights the viewpoints and reflections of the native Marshallese community health workers (CHWs) engaged in research with the local Marshallese community in Northwest Arkansas. In particular, this paper documents the vital role Marshallese CHWs play in the success of programs and research efforts. The negative health effects of nuclear testing in the Marshall Islands has been passed down through many generations, along with unfavorable attitudes toward the U.S. government and researchers. However, the community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach used by the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences (UAMS) has allowed the native Marshallese CHWs to become advocates for the Marshallese community...
2017: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053936/evaluation-of-an-improved-prototype-mini-baghouse-to-control-the-release-of-respirable-crystalline-silica-from-sand-movers
#14
Barbara M Alexander, Eric J Esswein, Michael G Gressel, Jerry L Kratzer, H Amy Feng, Arthur L Miller, Emanuele Cauda, Graeham Heil
The OSHA final rule on respirable crystalline silica (RCS) will require hydraulic fracturing companies to implement engineering controls to limit workers' exposure to RCS. RCS is generated by pneumatic transfer of quartz-containing sand during hydraulic fracturing operations. Chronic inhalation of RCS can lead to serious disease, including silicosis and lung cancer. NIOSH research identified at least seven sources where RCS aerosols were generated at hydraulic fracturing sites. NIOSH researchers developed an engineering control to address one of the largest sources of RCS aerosol generation, RCS escaping from thief hatches on the top of sand movers...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053337/obesity-and-severity-of-acute-exacerbation-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#15
Tadahiro Goto, Atsushi Hirayama, Mohammad Kamal Faridi, Carlos A Camargo, Kohei Hasegawa
RATIONALE: Obesity is relatively common among individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, little is known about the association of obesity with severity of acute exacerbation of COPD (AECOPD) and in-hospital mortality. OBJECTIVES: To examine the association of obesity with severity markers of AECOPD and in-hospital mortality. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study using population-based data - the 2012-2013 State Inpatient Databases - of seven US states (Arkansas, Florida, Iowa, Nebraska, New York, Utah, and Washington)...
October 20, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027974/longitudinal-measurements-of-tarnished-plant-bug-hemiptera-miridae-susceptibility-to-insecticides-in-arkansas-louisiana-and-mississippi-associations-with-insecticide-use-and-insect-control-recommendations
#16
Katherine A Parys, Randall G Luttrell, Gordon L Snodgrass, Maribel Portilla, Josh T Copes
Concentration-response assays were conducted from 2008 through 2015 to measure the susceptibility of field populations of Lygus lineolaris (Palisot de Beauvois) from the Delta regions of Arkansas, Louisiana, and Mississippi to acephate, imidacloprid, thiamethoxam, permethrin, and sulfoxaflor. A total of 229 field populations were examined for susceptibility to acephate, 145 for susceptibility to imidacloprid, and 208 for susceptibility to thiamethoxam. Permethrin assays were conducted in 2014 and 2015 to measure levels of pyrethroid resistance in 44 field populations, and sulfoxaflor assays were conducted against 24 field populations in 2015...
October 13, 2017: Insects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973110/association-of-pathologic-nodal-staging-quality-with-survival-among-patients-with-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-after-resection-with-curative-intent
#17
Matthew P Smeltzer, Nicholas R Faris, Meredith A Ray, Raymond U Osarogiagbon
Importance: Pathologic nodal stage is the most significant prognostic factor in resectable non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer NSCLC staging project revealed intercontinental differences in N category-stratified survival. These differences may indicate differences not only in cancer biology but also in the thoroughness of the nodal examination. Objective: To determine whether survival was affected by sequentially more stringent definitions of pN staging quality in a cohort of patients with NSCLC after resection with curative intent...
September 28, 2017: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957002/infectious-bronchitis-virus-s2-of-4-91-expressed-from-recombinant-virus-does-not-protect-against-ark-type-challenge
#18
Fatma Eldemery, Yufeng Li, Qingzhong Yu, Vicky L van Santen, Haroldo Toro
We previously demonstrated that chickens primed with a recombinant Newcastle disease virus LaSota (rLS) expressing the S2 gene of infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) and boosted with an attenuated IBV Massachusetts (Mass)-type vaccine were protected against IBV Arkansas (Ark)-type virulent challenge. A possible basis for the reported ability of IBV 4/91 (serotype 793/B) vaccine to protect against divergent IBV strains (e.g., QX, Q1, and D1466) in a prime-boost approach with an IBV Mass vaccine is that an immune response against the S2 protein of IBV 4/91 is cross-protective...
September 2017: Avian Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951881/state-level-implementation-of-health-and-safety-policies-to-prevent-sudden-death-and-catastrophic-injuries-within-secondary-school-athletics
#19
William M Adams, Samantha E Scarneo, Douglas J Casa
BACKGROUND: Sudden death and catastrophic injuries during sport can be attenuated with the implementation of evidence-based health and safety policies. However, the extent of the implementation of these policies within secondary school athletics is unknown. PURPOSE: To provide an assessment of the implementation of health and safety policies pertaining to the leading causes of sudden death and catastrophic injuries in sport within secondary school athletics in the United States...
September 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949841/qualitative-study-of-participants-perceptions-and-preferences-regarding-research-dissemination
#20
Rachel S Purvis, Traci H Abraham, Christopher R Long, M Kathryn Stewart, T Scott Warmack, Pearl Anna McElfish
BACKGROUND: The study identifies the experiences, preferences, and perceptions of research participants regarding dissemination of research findings at the participant level and community level. METHODS: The qualitative study utilized focus-group methodology to explore research participants' experiences and preferences for the dissemination of research findings. Five focus groups were held with 53 participants who were recruited through existing community advisory boards in Arkansas...
April 2017: AJOB Empirical Bioethics
keyword
keyword
21764
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"