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Intracranial lipoma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774379/-agenesis-of-the-corpus-callosum
#1
REVIEW
J M Lieb, F J Ahlhelm
CLINICAL ISSUE: Agenesis of the corpus callosum is reported to have an incidence of about 1:4000 live births. In 30-45% of cases, genetic etiologies can be identified, e. g., 10% chromosomal anomalies and 20-35% genetic syndromes. Environmental factors like fetal alcohol syndrome are also known to be prone to callosal agenesis. Callosal agenesis can be complete or partial and can be isolated or associated with other central nervous system (CNS) anomalies (e. g., cortical developmental disorders, callosal lipoma, intracranial cysts) or extra-CNS anomalies (e...
May 17, 2018: Der Radiologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692522/frontal-subcutaneous-lipoma-associated-with-interhemispheric-lipoma-lipomeningocele-and-corpus-callosal-dysgenesis-in-a-young-adult-ct-and-mri-findings
#2
Nidhi Aggarwal, Kushal B Gehlot, Sunil D Kumar, Nk Kardam Alsaba Khan
Intracranial lipomas are rare incidental lesions. Rokitansky first described a corpus callosal lipoma on the posterior part of the corpus callosum in 1856. Since then many cases have been reported. We report the imaging findings of an interhemispheric lipoma extending into subcutaneous plane associated with spinal lipomeningocele and corpus callosal dysgenesis. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging findings are characteristic. All cases have been reported in pediatric age group till now. Such a case in this age group has not been reported earlier...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678699/acute-communicating-hydrocephalus-as-spinal-cord-surgery-complication-in-a-patient-with-lumbar-lipomyelocele-case-report
#3
Alessandro Prior, Mariasavina Severino, Andrea Rossi, Marco Pavanello, Gianluca Piatelli, Alessandro Consales
BACKGROUND: A lumbar lipomyelocele is a closed spinal dysraphism that can cause tethered cord syndrome. Between 5-15% of spinal dysraphism surgery cases are burdened with complications, the most common being wound infections or dehiscence and cerebrospinal fluid leak. Acute communicating hydrocephalus has never been described as a complication of this type of surgery. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 6-year-old girl, who had undergone several surgeries in another Institution for lumbar lipomyeloschisis, came to our attention for a second opinion about the management of her spinal dysraphism...
April 17, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665340/mental-development-and-surgical-prognosis-of-pai-syndrome-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#4
Yoshimichi Imai, Shigeo Kure, Chieko Nara, Naoyuki Takagi, Masahiro Tachi
Pai syndrome is a rare congenital disorder, and there are few reports about the long-term prognosis of mental development and surgical results. Here, we report a patient with Pai syndrome who was followed up from birth up to the age of 8 years. Additionally, we review 32 articles and discuss the long-term prognosis of Pai syndrome. In our case, an intracranial lipoma grew a little, but neither epilepsy nor intellectual disabilities occurred. However, she showed attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Furthermore, her nasal airway was gradually obstructed by a residual intranasal polyp...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021680/nondysraphic-cervicomedullary-intramedullary-lipoma
#5
Sujeet Kumar Meher, Laxmi Narayan Tripathy, Harsh Jain, Sunandan Basu
Spinal cord lipomas are usually associated with spinal dysraphism and is most common in lumbosacral region. Spinal intradural lipoma is a rare condition accounting for less than 1% of spinal cord tumours and is most prevalent in cervicodorsal region. Intramedullary spinal cord lipoma of cervical spine not associated with spinal dysraphism is one of the rarest lesions. They usually present insidiously with slowly progressive myelopathic deficits. We present a case of nondysraphic intramedullary spinal cord lipoma with exophytic component and intracranial extension...
July 2017: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984696/heterotopic-cutaneous-meningioma-an-unusual-presentation-occurring-in-a-patient-with-a-remote-history-of-intracranial-meningioma
#6
Chibuike Enwereuzo, Luis Moral, Jean M Henneberry
Meningioma is a neoplasm of the meninges, which usually occurs in intracranial sites. Extracranial meningioma has been frequently reported in the sinonasal tract and skull bone, often as extension of intracranial meningiomas. Isolated heterotopic meningioma without contiguous intracranial lesion is extremely rare. A 56-year-old woman presented in December 2015 with 2 firm subcutaneous scalp masses; one in the left lateral (temporal) and the other in the left superior (parietal) region. The clinical impression was that of lipoma...
September 28, 2017: American Journal of Dermatopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890030/corpus-callosal-lipoma-extending-as-nasal-encephalocoel-cranial-lipomeningocoel
#7
Abhidha Shah, Survendra Rai, Atul Goel
A hitherto unreported case is presented wherein a 2year old child had a 'cranial lipomeningocoel' or a 'nasal lipo-encephalocoel'. The child presented with a growing mass in the base of the nose. Investigations revealed that the nasal mass was a lipoma that was an extension of intracranial lipoma. The intracranial component extended up to corpus callosum. Resection of the extracranial extension and basal reconstruction resulted in cosmetic recovery.
November 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761539/extensive-intracranial-calcification-of-pseudo-torch-syndrome-with-features-of-dandy-walker-malformation
#8
Ashis Patnaik, Sudhansu Sekhar Mishra, Srikanta Das
Pseudo-TORCH syndrome or congenital infection-like syndrome is a group of conditions which resemble congenital infections such as those caused by toxoplasmosis, rubella, cytomegalovirus (CMV), herpes (TORCH) group of organisms, clinico-radiologically, but serological tests are negative for the organisms. One of the variety shows features such as microcephaly, extensive intracranial calcification showing gross resemblance to congenital CMV infection, making its other name as microcephaly intracranial calcification syndrome (MICS)...
July 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758088/lipoma-compressing-the-sciatic-nerve-in-a-patient-with-suspicious-central-post-stroke-pain
#9
Ju Yong Kim, Hyun Jung Koo, Geun-Young Park, Yongmin Choi
Lipomas are mostly located in the subcutaneous tissues and rarely cause symptoms. Occasionally, peripheral nerve compression by lipomas is reported. We describe a case of a 59-year-old man with a left-middle cerebral artery infarction who was newly diagnosed as right basal ganglia and thalamic intracranial hemorrhage. He had neuropathic pain in the left arm and leg that was suspected to be central post-stroke pain. The administration of pain medication brought only temporary symptom relief. Nerve conduction and electromyography studies revealed left L5 radiculopathy and he showed a positive 'sign of the buttock' in the left hip...
June 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736116/central-nervous-system-anomalies-in-craniofacial-microsomia-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
R W Renkema, C J J M Caron, E B Wolvius, D J Dunaway, C R Forrest, B L Padwa, M J Koudstaal
Extracraniofacial anomalies, including central nervous system (CNS) anomalies, may occur in craniofacial microsomia (CFM). This systematic review was performed to provide an overview of the literature on the prevalence and types of CNS anomalies and developmental disorders in CFM, in order to improve the recognition and possible treatment of these anomalies. A systematic search was conducted and data on the number of patients, patient characteristics, type and prevalence of CNS anomalies or developmental delay, and correlations between CFM and CNS anomalies were extracted...
January 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707961/encephalocraniocutaneous-lipomatosis-a-case-report-with-review-of-literature
#11
Shaista Siddiqui, Shazia Naaz, Mehtab Ahmad, Zafar Ahmad Khan, Shagufta Wahab, Basmah Abdur Rashid
Encephalocraniocutaneous lipomatosis (ECCL) or Haberland syndrome is an uncommon sporadic neurocutaneous syndrome of unknown origin. The rarity and common ignorance of the condition often makes diagnosis difficult. The hallmark of this syndrome is the triad of skin, ocular and central nervous system (CNS) involvement and includes a long list of combination of conditions. Herein we report a case of a 5-month-old male child who presented to our centre with complaint of seizure. The patient had various cutaneous and ocular stigmatas of the disease in the form of patchy alopecia of the scalp, right-sided limbal dermoid and a nodular skin tag near the lateral canthus of the right eye...
December 2017: Neuroradiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676986/incidental-findings-on-cerebral-mri-in-twins-the-older-australian-twins-study
#12
Rebecca Koncz, Adith Mohan, Laughlin Dawes, Anbupalam Thalamuthu, Margaret Wright, David Ames, Teresa Lee, Julian Trollor, Wei Wen, Perminder Sachdev
Incidental findings on structural cerebral magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are common in healthy subjects, and the prevalence increases with age. There is a paucity of data regarding incidental cerebral findings in twins. We examined brain MRI data acquired from community-dwelling older twins to determine the prevalence and concordance of incidental cerebral findings, as well as the associated clinical implications. Participants (n = 400) were drawn from the Older Australian Twins Study. T1-weighted and T2-weighted fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) cerebral MRI scans were systematically reviewed by a trained, blinded clinician...
July 4, 2017: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484557/corpus-callosum-dermoid-cyst-a-rare-entity
#13
Sunita Singh, Promil Jain, Hemant Yadav, Ishwar Singh, Rajeev Sen
Dermoid cyst is a congenital lesion that arises due to embryogenic impairment. It accounts for less than 0.3% of all intracranial masses. Herein we report a 30-year-old male who presented with a short history of headache and behavioral disorder. Physical and radiological examination diagnosed it to be a lipoma/epidermoid arising from corpus callosum. The lesion was removed endoscopically and histopathologic examination was performed which confirmed it to be a dermoid cyst. Rarity of the lesion and difficulty in pre-operative diagnosis prompted us to bring forward this case report...
April 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239903/subcutaneous-midline-nasal-mass-in-an-infant-due-to-an-intramuscular-lipoma
#14
Jessica Vincent, Peter Baker, Jonathan Grischkan, Esteban Fernandez Faith
Intramuscular lipomas are rare, benign, mesenchymal tumors occurring deep in the fascia, typically involving large muscle groups in adults. We report a case of an intramuscular lipoma occurring as a subcutaneous midline nasal mass in a 3-month-old infant. The differential diagnosis of a midline mass on the glabella of an infant is important and should include developmental anomalies such as nasal glioma, nasal dermoid cyst, and encephalocele, so neuroimaging is an essential first step in evaluating these lesions to exclude intracranial extension...
February 27, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990391/encephalocraniocutaneous-lipomatosis-haberland-syndrome-a-rare-case-report
#15
Ashish Jagati, Bela J Shah, Rima Joshi, Trusha Gajjar
Haberland syndrome or Fishman syndrome also known as encephalocraniocutaneous lipomatosis (ECCL) is a rare, congenital neurocutaneous disorder. It is characterized by unilateral involvement of skin, eyes and central nervous system. We report the case of a 28-year-old woman who presented with soft lipomatous swelling over right temporal area with nonscarring alopecia of part of frontal and parietal region. The patient had a history of seizures and ipsilateral scleral dermoid. Computed tomography scan findings were suggestive of lipomas and calcification of falx...
November 2016: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869419/-klippel-feil-syndrome-with-tracheoesophageal-fistula-bifid-thumb-and-cerebral-angiolipoma
#16
Eliéxer Urdaneta Carruyo, Gustavo Rojas Zerpa, Adriana Urdaneta Contreras, Malvy Maldonado Alviarez, Miguel Brito Rodríguez
The Klippel-Feil syndrome is a congenital malformation of the skull flap involving complex cervical vertebrae and organs, characterized by a classic triad: short neck, limitation of movement of the head due to cervical spine fusion and low hairline in occipital region. It results from an error in the axial skeleton segmentation of the embryo; its incidence is estimated at 1/40,000-42,000 births and predominates in females. The aim of this paper is to describe the clinical picture of a patient with Klippel-Feil syndrome and multiple malformations, including tracheoesophageal fistula, bifid thumb and intracranial lipomas/angiolipomas,that have not been previously described in the syndrome, so it is considered an exceptional finding...
December 1, 2016: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579462/encephalocraniocutaneous-lipomatosis-fishman-syndrome-a-rare-neurocutaneous-syndrome
#17
Mohammad Sharifi, Maral Namdari
PURPOSE: To report a rare case of encephalocraniocutaneous lipomatosis (ECCL) presented with characteristic multiple organ involvement. METHODS: A 7-day-old white Iranian girl was referred with ocular, skin and brain abnormalities. RESULTS: The findings of nevus psiloliparus, eyelid choristoma and intracranial lipoma were consistent with ECCL. CONCLUSION: Since the skin and ocular manifestations can be easily observed at birth examination, pediatricians and ophthalmologists should be aware of this condition...
September 2016: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573466/subcutaneous-melanocytoma-mimicking-a-lipoma-a-rare-presentation-of-a-rare-neoplasm-with-histological-immunohistochemical-cytogenetic-and-molecular-characterization
#18
Nitin Marwaha, Jacqueline R Batanian, Jeroen R Coppens, Matthew J Pierson, Jennifer Richards-Yutz, Jessica Ebrahimzadeh, Arupa Ganguly, Miguel A Guzman
Melanocytoma are the melanocytic tumors originating from leptomeningeal melanocytes. Melanocytomas are commonly seen in the central nervous system (CNS) and are often associated with neurocutaneous melanosis (NCM). However, simultaneous presentation of intra-axial and extracranial melanocytoma is a very rare event. Here, we report a unique case of 21-year-old male with intermediate-grade subcutaneous (SC) melanocytoma, mimicking lipoma, occurred synchronously with an intracranial melanocytoma, not associated with NCM...
December 2016: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27403217/auditory-hallucinosis-as-a-presenting-feature-of-interpeduncular-lipoma-with-proximal-p1-segment-fenestration-report-of-a-rare-case-and-review-of-literature-on-peduncular-hallucinosis
#19
Ashish Kulhari, Sunil Manjila, Gagandeep Singh, Kunal Kumar, Robert W Tarr, Nicholas Bambakidis
The authors present a unique case of intracranial lipoma in the interpeduncular cistern associated with proximal P1 segment fenestration. This patient is a 20-year-old male with extensive psychiatric history and complaints of recent auditory hallucinations. Cranial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) (T1, T2, and FLAIR) showed a hyperintense lesion in the left aspect of interpeduncular cistern with a prominent flow void within the hyperintense lesion suggestive of a combined vascular-lipomatous lesion. Computed tomography (CT) angiography showed a high-riding large tortuous P1 segment on the left side with proximal fenestration, the ectatic posteromedial limb harboring a fusiform dilated segment...
June 2016: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27217965/endodermal-cyst-in-pineal-region-rare-location
#20
Miguel Angel Lopez-Gonzalez, Eugen Dolan
BACKGROUND: Pineal tumors are very uncommon intracranial lesions, and endodermal cysts in this location are extremely rare. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 49-year-old right-handed female presented with 3 weeks history of progressive dizziness and imbalance. Imaging studies showed 1.8 cm × 1.7 cm × 1.8 cm pineal lesion with small enhancing mural component displacing ventrally the quadrigeminal plate and narrowing of aqueduct of Sylvius without hydrocephalus. In addition, she was found with small interhemispheric lipoma, and small posterior falx possible meningioma...
2016: Surgical Neurology International
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