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Karen I Fredriksen-Goldsen, Sarah Jen, Amanda E B Bryan, Jayn Goldsen
Cognitive impairment, Alzheimer's disease, and other dementias are important health concerns for older adults. As a marginalized and growing segment of the older adult population, lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) older adults face distinct risk factors related to cognitive impairment and dementias, including social isolation, discrimination, barriers to health care access, limited availability of and support for caregivers, and higher rates of certain chronic illnesses. We examine cognitive impairment and dementias among LGBT older adults, describe their unique risk factors, and outline key competencies for health care and human service providers to ensure culturally relevant care for LGBT older adults experiencing cognitive impairment, Alzheimer's disease, or other dementias, as well as their caregivers, families, and communities...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
Sarah C Boyle, Joseph W LaBrie, Lauren D Costine, Yong D Witkovic
Sexual minority stress experiences (e.g. prejudice, victimization, etc.) and peer substance use norms (e.g. peers' frequency of use and quantity consumed) are important correlates of alcohol and drug use in sexual minority populations. The current study incorporates both of these by examining LGB individuals' perceptions of peers' use of alcohol and other drugs to cope with a sexual minority stressor, and whether perceptions of peer coping norms relate to one's own coping-motivated substance use in response to the stressor...
October 5, 2016: Addictive Behaviors
Elizabeth A McConnell, Michelle Birkett, Brian Mustanski
PURPOSE: Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) adolescents are at greater risk for mental health problems than their heterosexual peers, in part due to victimization. Social support, particularly from families, has been identified as an important promotive factor. However, little is known about how LGBT youth experience multiple forms of support or how early support predicts mental health across adolescence and into young adulthood. METHODS: In an analytic sample of 232 LGBT youth aged 16-20 years at baseline across 5...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
R I Bjarnadottir, W Bockting, D Dowding
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine patients' perceptions of being asked about their sexual orientation and gender identity in the health care setting. BACKGROUND: Health disparities exist in the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) population but further research is needed to better understand these disparities. To address this issue experts recommend the routine collection of sexual orientation and gender identity data in healthcare. Nurses on the front line of patient care play a key role in the collection of this data...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
David A Fessler, Grace C Huang, Jennifer Potter, Joseph J Baker, Howard Libman
BACKGROUND: Declining mortality has led to a rising number of persons living with HIV (PLWH) and concerns about a future shortage of HIV practitioners. AIM: To develop an HIV Primary Care Track for internal medicine residents. SETTING: Academic hospital and community health center with a history of caring for PLWH and lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) patients. PARTICIPANTS: Internal medicine residents. PROGRAM DESCRIPTION: We enrolled four residents annually in a 3-year track with the goal of having each provide continuity care to at least 20 PLWH...
October 4, 2016: Journal of General Internal Medicine
Maia Mestvirishvili, Tinatin Zurabishvili, Tamar Iakobidze, Natia Mestvirishvili
The purpose of this study is to determine statistical predictors of homophobic attitudes among the residents of Tbilisi, Georgia. We analyze 2013 survey data from a representative sample of the Tbilisi adult population. Residents were asked about their attitudes, beliefs, and political and social values in the context of the 17 May 2013 attack on LGBT activists on the International Day against Homophobia and Transphobia (IDAHOT). Findings show that homophobia is significantly predicted by male gender, lower levels of education, acceptance of social inequality, non-liberal attitudes, and by perceiving homosexuals as a "threat to national security"...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
Elaine Bennett, Karen Berry, Theophilus I Emeto, Oliver K Burmeister, Jeanine Young, Linda Shields
AIM: to examine the attitudes to and knowledge and beliefs about homosexuality, of nurses and allied professionals in two early parenting services in Australia. BACKGROUND: Early parenting services employ nurses and allied professionals. Access and inclusion policies are important in community health and early childhood service settings. However, little is known about the perceptions of professionals who work within early parenting services in relation to lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender families...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Stefanie Russell, Frederick More
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons are a diverse group, but they share a common need for competent, accessible health care, dispensed without intolerance and with an understanding of their unique health needs. Dental practitioners need to understanding that LGBT persons have distinctive health (and oral health) needs. This article reviews the literature on oral and overall health of LGBT persons in the United States, and discusses ways in which dentists can improve the health care they provide to this vulnerable population, including how interprofessional education and collaborative practice may help to reduce oral health disparities within this group...
October 2016: Dental Clinics of North America
Delaney Michael Skerrett, Kairi Kõlves, Diego De Leo
BACKGROUND: There is evidence of heightened vulnerability to nonfatal suicidal behaviors among LGBT populations yet a paucity of studies into fatal behaviors. AIM: The specific aim of this article was to identify factors related to suicide in LGBT individuals in Australia. METHOD: The psychological autopsy (PA) method with a matched case-control study design was used. PA interviews were conducted with 27 next-of-kin of an LGBT person that had died by suicide...
September 23, 2016: Crisis
Charles A Walker, Harriet Cohen, David Jenkins
Despite sensationalized media attention, transgender individuals are the most marginalized and misunderstood group in the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) community. The current article presents a case study of one woman's quest for identity. Narrative inquiry was used to analyze data from interview transcripts and four themes emerged during analysis: (a) naming the ambiguity, (b) revealing-concealing the authentic self, (c) discovering the transgender community, and (d) embracing the "T" identity...
February 1, 2016: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
İpek Göçmen, Volkan Yılmaz
This paper explores the discrimination practices encountered by lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) individuals in education, income, employment and health care in Turkey. Limited quantitative data on LGBT individuals are available in Turkey. This study collected data from 2,875 LGBT individuals through a web-based survey. The findings suggest that LGBT individuals report perceived direct and indirect discrimination in accessing education, employment and health care. In a country where LGBT rights are not yet recognized and anti-discrimination legislation covering sexual orientation and gender identity is still non-existent, findings demonstrate perceived discrimination of LGBTs rarely turns into a legal complaint...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
Ilan H Meyer
Prejudice and stigma have been central to our understanding of the health and well-being of LGBT people using the minority stress perspective. Minority stress research has explained adverse health outcomes in LGBT populations and health disparities between LGBT and heterosexual cisgender populations. Recent shifts in the social environment of LGBT people in some regions of the world allow the experience a more accepting and inclusive society. These changes require that social scientist adapt their research agenda...
2016: Psychol Sex Rev
Keon West
Jamaica has developed an international reputation for severe anti-gay prejudice. However, in the past few years, between 2012 and 2015, intensified waves of activism have increased the visibility of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) Jamaicans, and supported their social and legal inclusion in Jamaican society. This research investigated the effects of that activism by taking advantage of two large, representative surveys of Jamaicans' attitudes toward lesbians and gay men: one in 2012 and one in 2015...
November 2016: Journal of Sex Research
Carlos E Rodríguez-Díaz, Gerardo G Jovet-Toledo, Carmen M Vélez-Vega, Edgardo J Ortiz-Sánchez, Edda I Santiago-Rodríguez, Ricardo L Vargas-Molina, Sheilla L Rodríguez Madera, José J Mulinelli-Rodríguez
OBJECTIVE: To identify the experiences of discrimination among and the perceived priorities for the health of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and trans (LGBT) people in Puerto Rico (PR). METHODS: Data were collected during the 2013 LGBT Pride Parade in San Juan, using a brief self-administered survey that included questions on sociodemographic characteristics, the disclosure of sexual orientation/gender identity, experiences of discrimination, experiences while receiving social and health services, and perceived healthcare priorities and needs...
September 2016: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
Israel Berger, Julie Mooney-Somers
INTRODUCTION: Tobacco use among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people is double the general population. Limited evidence suggests high smoking rates among intersex people. Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex (LGBTI) people are a priority population in Australian health policy, particularly mental health and ageing. Despite associations between smoking and non-communicable diseases relevant to ageing and mental health, LGBTI-targeted smoking cessation interventions in Australia have been limited to people living with HIV...
August 31, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
Alemka Tomicic, Constanza Gálvez, Constanza Quiroz, Claudio Martínez, Jaime Fontbona, Juliana Rodríguez, Francisco Aguayo, Catalina Rosenbaum, Fanny Leyton, Iside Lagazzi
UNLABELLED: Lesbian, gay, bisexual and trans (LGBT) populations have a high prevalence of suicide behaviors. AIM: To review the literature on suicide among LGBT populations. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A systematic review of the scientific literature published between 2004 and 2014 on suicidality among LGBT people was conducted. Forty-five articles were selected for a thematic analysis. RESULTS: The research on suicide among LGBT people has increased during the last decade...
June 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
Nina Phoenix, Rayya Ghul
BACKGROUND: This narrative review aims to describe the experiences of transgender people transitioning in their place of work. There are over 10,000 transgender individuals living and working in the UK. Currently there is limited research investigating the experience of changing gender in the workplace from an occupational perspective; considering activities of daily living and support currently offered to aid this transition. METHOD: Quantitative and qualitative articles published from 2002-2013 were sourced using electronic databases, via email from the authors and from hand searches...
August 12, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Naphtali Offen, Elizabeth A Smith, Bob Gordon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Tobacco Control
Robert Dinwoodie, Beth Greenhill, Alex Cookson
BACKGROUND: Previous research aiming to understand the lives of lesbian, gay bisexual and trans (LGBT) people labelled with intellectual disabilities is limited. There are few recent studies and available findings are often contradictory and inconsistent. METHOD: This study aimed to explore how LGBT people labelled with intellectual disabilities experienced their sexual identities. Five LGBT people labelled with intellectual disabilities were interviewed, and data were analysed using interpretative phenomenological analysis methodology...
August 19, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
David J Kaufman, Rebecca Baker, Lauren C Milner, Stephanie Devaney, Kathy L Hudson
OBJECTIVES: A survey of a population-based sample of U.S adults was conducted to measure their attitudes about, and inform the design of the Precision Medicine Initiative's planned national cohort study. METHODS: An online survey was conducted by GfK between May and June of 2015. The influence of different consent models on willingness to share data was examined by randomizing participants to one of eight consent scenarios. RESULTS: Of 4,777 people invited to take the survey, 2,706 responded and 2,601 (54% response rate) provided valid responses...
2016: PloS One
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