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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909383/the-nation-and-the-family-the-impact-of-national-identification-and-perceived-importance-of-family-values-on-homophobic-attitudes-in-lithuania-and-scotland
#1
Juliet R H Wakefield, Monika Kalinauskaite, Nick Hopkins
The meanings attached to the nation can be consequential for group members' attitudes and beliefs. We examined how national identity definition can influence the extent of individuals' homophobia with 159 Lithuanian and 176 Scottish university students who completed a questionnaire which measured their national identification, homophobia, and the extent to which they felt traditional family values were central to their nation's identity. Consistent with nation-wide differences in the significance given to the family, Lithuanian participants perceived family values to be more important for their national identity and expressed higher levels of homophobia than did Scottish participants...
2016: Sex Roles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900896/sociolegal-and-practice-implications-of-caring-for-lgbt-people-with-dementia
#2
Elizabeth Peel, Helen Taylor, Rosie Harding
The needs of lesbian, gay, bisexual and trans (LGBT) people with dementia are poorly recognised. This is due partly to assumptions that all older people are heterosexual or asexual. One quarter of gay or bisexual men and half of lesbian or bisexual women have children, compared with 90% of heterosexual women and men, which means LGBT older adults are more likely to reside in care homes. Older LGBT people may be unwilling to express their sexual identities in care settings and this can affect their care. Members of older people's informal care networks must be recognised to ensure their involvement in the lives of residents in care settings continues...
November 30, 2016: Nursing Older People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898570/are-centers-for-disease-control-and-prevention-guidelines-for-preexposure-prophylaxis-specific-enough-formulation-of-a-personalized-hiv-risk-score-for-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-initiation
#3
Matthew R Beymer, Robert E Weiss, Catherine A Sugar, Linda B Bourque, Gilbert C Gee, Donald E Morisky, Suzanne B Shu, Marjan Javanbakht, Robert K Bolan
BACKGROUND: Preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) has emerged as a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevention tool for populations at highest risk for HIV infection. Current US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) guidelines for identifying PrEP candidates may not be specific enough to identify gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM) at the highest risk for HIV infection. We created an HIV risk score for HIV-negative MSM based on Syndemics Theory to develop a more targeted criterion for assessing PrEP candidacy...
November 28, 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898255/lgbt-identity-untreated-depression-and-unmet-need-for-mental-health-services-by-sexual-minority-women-and-trans-identified-people
#4
Leah S Steele, Andrea Daley, Deone Curling, Margaret F Gibson, Datejie C Green, Charmaine C Williams, Lori E Ross
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have found that transgender, lesbian, and bisexual people report poorer mental health relative to heterosexuals. However, available research provides little information about mental health service access among the highest need groups within these communities: bisexual women and transgender people. This study compared past year unmet need for mental health care and untreated depression between four groups: heterosexual cisgender (i.e., not transgender) women, cisgender lesbians, cisgender bisexual women, and transgender people...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892825/strange-bedfellows-anachronisms-identity-politics-and-the-queer-case-of-trans
#5
Nerissa Gailey
This article explores trans identities, as articulated within a few historical texts. From early literary depictions of gender difference, to medicalized conceptions of transsexualism, to a proliferation of trans and queer identities represented by an ever-expanding "alphabet soup" of identity labels, our understandings of identities, sexualities, and queer community-building continue to change. I utilize the notion of "kind-making," as elaborated upon in the work of Ian Hacking, to illustrate that some queer and trans identifications are affiliative, while others are contrastive or oppositional in nature, and these structural differences have important implications with respect to understanding identity and sexuality, and also trans inclusion within LGBT communities and activist efforts...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889854/do-we-have-a-moral-responsibility-to-compensate-for-vulnerable-groups-a-discussion-on-the-right-to-health-for-lgbt-people
#6
Perihan Elif Ekmekci
Vulnerability is a broad concept widely addressed in recent scholarly literature. Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people are among the vulnerable populations with significant disadvantages related to health and the social determinants of health. Medical ethics discourse tackles vulnerability from philosophical and political perspectives. LGBT people experience several disadvantages from both perspectives. This article aims to justify the right to health for LGBT people and their particular claims regarding healthcare because they belong to a vulnerable group...
November 26, 2016: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865341/bullying-among-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-youth
#7
REVIEW
Valerie A Earnshaw, Laura M Bogart, V Paul Poteat, Sari L Reisner, Mark A Schuster
Bullying of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth is prevalent in the United States, and represents LGBT stigma when tied to sexual orientation and/or gender identity or expression. LGBT youth commonly report verbal, relational, and physical bullying, and damage to property. Bullying undermines the well-being of LGBT youth, with implications for risky health behaviors, poor mental health, and poor physical health that may last into adulthood. Pediatricians can play a vital role in preventing and identifying bullying, providing counseling to youth and their parents, and advocating for programs and policies to address LGBT bullying...
December 2016: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865340/stigma-and-minority-stress-as-social-determinants-of-health-among-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-youth-research-evidence-and-clinical-implications
#8
REVIEW
Mark L Hatzenbuehler, John E Pachankis
In this article, we review theory and evidence on stigma and minority stress as social/structural determinants of health among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth. We discuss different forms of stigma at individual (eg, identity concealment), interpersonal (eg, victimization), and structural (eg, laws and social norms) levels, as well as the mechanisms linking stigma to adverse health outcomes among LGBT youth. Finally, we discuss clinical (eg, cognitive behavioral therapy) and public health (eg, antibullying policies) interventions that effectively target stigma-inducing mechanisms to improve the health of LGBT youth...
December 2016: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865339/development-and-mental-health-of-lesbian-gay-bisexual-or-transgender-youth-in-pediatric-practice
#9
REVIEW
Stewart L Adelson, Oliver M Stroeh, Yiu Kee Warren Ng
Assessing, monitoring, and supporting children and adolescents' mental health are integral parts of comprehensive pediatric primary care. These are especially relevant for LGBT youth, who frequently experience unique stressors, often including having an identity different from family and peer expectations, whether to reveal it, and stigma like peer bullying, family rejection, social intolerance, and self nonacceptance. Pediatricians should know key mental health practice principles for LGBT youth, how to adapt these to various pediatric settings, the continuum of mental health interventions, and their local resources...
December 2016: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865336/lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-families
#10
REVIEW
Cecil R Webster, Cynthia J Telingator
Families headed by sexual minorities encounter unique barriers to care and health equity despite greater cultural acceptance and visibility. Empirical research suggests that children in lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) families develop and function comparably to those from traditional families. In helping families, awareness of family structure is important. The health care provider should be familiar with family composition, and their community, social supports, race/ethnic concerns, financial issues, and other vulnerabilities...
December 2016: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865334/body-image-and-eating-disorders-among-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-youth
#11
REVIEW
Zachary McClain, Rebecka Peebles
Adolescence is a crucial period for emerging sexual orientation and gender identity and also body image disturbance and disordered eating. Body image distortion and disordered eating are important pediatric problems affecting individuals along the sexual orientation and gender identity spectrum. Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT) youth are at risk for eating disorders and body dissatisfaction. Disordered eating in LGBT and gender variant youth may be associated with poorer quality of life and mental health outcomes...
December 2016: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865333/substance-abuse-prevention-assessment-and-treatment-for-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-youth
#12
REVIEW
Romulo Alcalde Aromin
Knowing how to manage substance abuse in all youth is an important aspect of pediatric care, including providing clinically appropriate anticipatory guidance, monitoring, assessment, and treatment. Although most lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth do not abuse substances, as a group they experience unique challenges in self-identity development that put them at an increased risk for substance abuse. This article addresses prevention and management of substance use in LGBT youth relevant to pediatrics and allied professions as an aspect of their overall health care...
December 2016: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865332/human-immunodeficiency-virus-other-sexually-transmitted-infections-and-sexual-and-reproductive-health-in-lesbian-gay-bisexual-transgender-youth
#13
REVIEW
Sarah M Wood, Caroline Salas-Humara, Nadia L Dowshen
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT), and questioning youth represent a diverse population who are affected by many sexual health inequities, including increased risk for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). To provide comprehensive sexual health care for LGBT youth, providers should set the stage with a nonjudgmental, respectful tone. Providers should be competent in recognizing symptoms of STIs and HIV and aware of the most up-to-date screening guidelines for LGBT youth...
December 2016: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865331/lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-youth-and-family-acceptance
#14
REVIEW
Sabra L Katz-Wise, Margaret Rosario, Michael Tsappis
In this article, we address theories of attachment and parental acceptance and rejection, and their implications for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youths' identity and health. We also provide 2 clinical cases to illustrate the process of family acceptance of a transgender youth and a gender nonconforming youth who was neither a sexual minority nor transgender. Clinical implications of family acceptance and rejection of LGBT youth are discussed.
December 2016: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861243/differences-in-risk-behavior-and-demographic-factors-between-men-who-have-sex-with-men-with-acute-and-non-acute-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection-in-a-community-based-testing-program-in-los-angeles
#15
Dvora Joseph Davey, Matthew Beymer, Chelsea P Roberts, Robert K Bolan, Jeffrey D Klausner
INTRODUCTION: High viremia combined with HIV-infection status unawareness and increased sexual risk behavior contributes to a disproportionate amount of new HIV infections. METHODS: From August 2011-July 2015, the Los Angeles LGBT Center conducted 66,546 HIV tests. We compared factors including the presence of concomitant sexually transmitted infections, number of recent sex partners and reported condomless anal intercourse between men who have sex with men (MSM) diagnosed with an acute HIV infection and a non-acute HIV infection using multivariable logistic regression...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831853/persecution-experiences-and-mental-health-of-lgbt-asylum-seekers
#16
Rebecca A Hopkinson, Eva Keatley, Elizabeth Glaeser, Laura Erickson-Schroth, Omar Fattal, Melba Nicholson Sullivan
INTRODUCTION: Asylum seekers are a unique population, particularly those who have endured persecution for their sexual orientation or gender identity. Little data exist about the specific experiences and needs of asylum seekers persecuted due to lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender (LGBT) identity. METHODS: Quantitative data were gathered regarding demographics, persecution histories, and mental health of 61 clients from a torture survivors program in New York City who reported persecution due to LGBT identity...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815302/health-equity-and-aging-of-bisexual-older-adults-pathways-of-risk-and-resilience
#17
Karen I Fredriksen-Goldsen, Chengshi Shiu, Amanda E B Bryan, Jayn Goldsen, Hyun-Jun Kim
OBJECTIVES: Bisexual older adults are a growing yet largely invisible, underserved, and understudied population. Utilizing the Health Equity Promotion Model, we examined hypothesized mechanisms accounting for health disparities between bisexual older adults and lesbian and gay older adults. METHOD: Based on data from Caring and Aging with Pride, the largest national survey of LGBT older adults, this study (N = 2,463) utilized structural equation modeling to investigate direct and indirect associations between sexual identity (bisexual vs...
November 4, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809676/re-transforming-a-system-improving-patient-centered-care-for-sexual-and-gender-minority-veterans-by-kauth-and-shipherd-lgbt-health-2016-3-177-179
#18
Nancy Lutwak, Deborah J Kayman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799139/sexual-preferences-and-presentation-on-geosocial-networking-apps-by-indian-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-maharashtra
#19
Jayson Rhoton, J Michael Wilkerson, Shruta Mengle, Pallav Patankar, B R Simon Rosser, Maria L Ekstrand
BACKGROUND: The affordability of smartphones and improved mobile networks globally has increased the popularity of geosocial networking (GSN) apps (eg, Grindr, Scruff, Planetromeo) as a method for men who have sex with men (MSM) to seek causal sex partners and engage with the queer community. As mobile penetration continues to grow in India, it is important to understand how self-presentation on GSN app is relevant because it offers insight into a population that has not been largely studied...
October 31, 2016: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783889/educational-strategies-to-help-students-provide-respectful-sexual-and-reproductive-health-care-for-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-persons
#20
Kelly Walker, Megan Arbour, Justin Waryold
Graduate medical, nursing, and midwifery curricula often have limited amounts of time to focus on issues related to cultural competency in clinical practice, and respectful sexual and reproductive health care for all individuals in particular. Respectful health care that addresses sexual and reproductive concerns is a right for everyone, including those who self-identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT). LGBT persons have unique reproductive health care needs as well as increased risks for poor health outcomes...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
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