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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903647/intergroup-contact-and-social-change-implications-of-negative-and-positive-contact-for-collective-action-in-advantaged-and-disadvantaged-groups
#1
Nils Karl Reimer, Julia C Becker, Angelika Benz, Oliver Christ, Kristof Dhont, Ulrich Klocke, Sybille Neji, Magdalena Rychlowska, Katharina Schmid, Miles Hewstone
Previous research has shown that (a) positive intergroup contact with an advantaged group can discourage collective action among disadvantaged-group members and (b) positive intergroup contact can encourage advantaged-group members to take action on behalf of disadvantaged outgroups. Two studies investigated the effects of negative as well as positive intergroup contact. Study 1 ( n = 482) found that negative but not positive contact with heterosexual people was associated with sexual-minority students' engagement in collective action (via group identification and perceived discrimination)...
January 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901841/re-reading-homonationalism-an-israeli-spatial-perspective
#2
Gilly Hartal, Orna Sasson-Levy
In this paper we stress the need for specifically located understandings of the concept of homonationalism, by introducing an analysis of spatial and political power relations dissecting disparate constructions of LGBT arenas. The paper explores three spaces: Tel-Aviv - an urban space of LGBT belonging, Jerusalem - the Israeli capital where being an LGBT individual is problematic both in public and in private spaces and Kiryat-Shmona - a conservative and peripheral underprivileged town in the north of Israel...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891750/acceptability-and-preliminary-efficacy-of-a-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-affirmative-mental-health-practice-training-in-a-highly-stigmatizing-national-context
#3
Corina Lelutiu-Weinberger, John E Pachankis
PURPOSE: Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) individuals in Romania encounter pervasive stigma and discrimination and there is a high need for LGBT-competent mental health professionals (MHPs). We tested the impact of a pilot LGBT-affirmative training for MHPs in Romania on these professionals' LGBT-relevant attitudes, knowledge, and perception of clinical skills. METHODS: We conducted a 2-day training for MHPs in Bucharest. Fifty-four attended and 33 provided training evaluation data at baseline and follow-up...
September 11, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888127/environmental-injustice-and-sexual-minority-health-disparities-a%C3%A2-national-study-of-inequitable-health-risks-from-air-pollution-among-same-sex-partners
#4
Timothy W Collins, Sara E Grineski, Danielle X Morales
Air pollution is deleterious to human health, and numerous studies have documented racial and socioeconomic inequities in air pollution exposures. Despite the marginalized status of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) populations, no national studies have examined if they experience inequitable exposures to air pollution. This cross-sectional study investigated inequities in the exposure of same-sex partner households to hazardous air pollutants (HAPs) in the US. We examined cancer and respiratory risks from HAPs across 71,207 census tracts using National Air Toxics Assessment and US Census data...
September 6, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873213/bioethics-children-and-the-environment
#5
Timothy F Murphy
Queer perspectives have typically emerged from sexual minorities as a way of repudiating flawed views of sexuality, mischaracterized relationships, and objectionable social treatment of people with atypical sexuality or gender expression. In this vein, one commentator offers a queer critique of the conceptualization of children in regard to their value for people's identities and relationships. According to this account, children are morally problematic given the values that make them desirable, their displacement of other beings and things entitled to moral protection, not to mention the damaging environmental effects that follow in the wake of population growth...
September 5, 2017: Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861546/addressing-the-needs-of-transgender-military-veterans-better-access-and-more-comprehensive-care
#6
Michelle Dietert, Dianne Dentice, Zander Keig
Purpose: There is a gap in social science literature addressing issues of access and quality of care for transgender military veterans. Psychologists, medical doctors, and other health professionals are beginning to address some of the barriers present in the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) system that affect veterans who are also transgender and intersex. Over a 7-year period, between 2006 and 2013, 2600 transgender veterans were served by the VA. Data from several surveys revealed that most transgender veterans perceive the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) to be less than accommodating for their special needs...
2017: Transgender Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859730/a-multi-method-study-of-health-behaviours-and-perceived-concerns-of-sexual-minority-females-in-mumbai-india
#7
Jessamyn Bowling, Brian Dodge, Swagata Banik, Elizabeth Bartelt, Shruta Rawat, Lucia Guerra-Reyes, Devon Hensel, Debby Herbenick, Vivek Anand
Background: This multi-method study explores the perceived health status and health behaviours of sexual minority (i.e. self-identifying with a sexual identity label other than heterosexual) females (i.e. those assigned female at birth who may or may not identify as women) in Mumbai, India, a population whose health has been generally absent in scientific literature. Methods: Using community-based participatory research approaches, this study is a partnership with The Humsafar Trust (HST). HST is India's oldest and largest LGBT-advocacy organisation...
September 1, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853327/medical-students-perception-of-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-lgbt-discrimination-in-their-learning-environment-and-their-self-reported-comfort-level-for-caring-for-lgbt-patients-a-survey-study
#8
Nassr Nama, Paul MacPherson, Margaret Sampson, Hugh J McMillan
BACKGROUND: Historically, medical students who are lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgendered (LGBT) report higher rates of social stress, depression, and anxiety, while LGBT patients have reported discrimination and poorer access to healthcare. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were: (1) to assess if medical students have perceived discrimination in their learning environment and; (2) to determine self-reported comfort level for caring for LGBT patients. DESIGN: Medical students at the University of Ottawa (N = 671) were contacted via email and invited to complete a confidential web-based survey...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851332/validation-of-bengali-perceived-stress-scale-among-lgbt-population
#9
Muhammad Kamruzzaman Mozumder
BACKGROUND: Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) population encounter more stressful life circumstances compared to general population. Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) can be a useful tool for measuring their stress. However, psychometric properties of PSS have never been tested on LGBT population. METHODS: This cross sectional study employed a two-stage sampling strategy to collect data from 296 LGBT participants from six divisional districts of Bangladesh...
August 29, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842389/usability-of-a-culturally-informed-mhealth-intervention-for-symptoms-of-anxiety-and-depression-feedback-from-young-sexual-minority-men
#10
John B Fleming, Yvette N Hill, Michelle Nicole Burns
BACKGROUND: To date, we are aware of no interventions for anxiety and depression developed as mobile phone apps and tailored to young sexual minority men, a group especially at risk of anxiety and depression. We developed TODAY!, a culturally informed mobile phone intervention for young men who are attracted to men and who have clinically significant symptoms of anxiety or depression. The core of the intervention consists of daily psychoeducation informed by transdiagnostic cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and a set of tools to facilitate putting these concepts into action, with regular mood ratings that result in tailored feedback (eg, tips for current distress and visualizations of mood by context)...
August 25, 2017: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833252/the-role-of-alcohol-in-identity-construction-among-lgbt-people-a-qualitative-study
#11
Carol Emslie, Jemma Lennox, Lana Ireland
Research suggests that alcohol use and misuse are higher among lesbian, gay and bisexual than heterosexual populations, yet the social context of drinking in sexual minority communities has rarely been examined. To explore lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people's relationship with alcohol, we conducted seven focus groups (N = 33) with pre-existing groups of friends and work colleagues (18 to 52 years) in Scotland, UK. We identified and analysed patterns in our data using thematic analysis. Respondents perceived heavy drinking as central to the commercial gay scene...
August 19, 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825858/barriers-to-access-and-adoption-of-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-for-the-prevention-of-hiv-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-msm-in-a-relatively-rural-state
#12
Randolph D Hubach, Joseph M Currin, Carissa A Sanders, André R Durham, Katherine E Kavanaugh, Denna L Wheeler, Julie M Croff
Biomedical intervention approaches, including antiretroviral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), have been demonstrated to reduce HIV incidence among several at-risk populations and to be cost effective. However, there is limited understanding of PrEP access and uptake among men who have sex with men (MSM) residing in relatively rural states. Twenty semistructured interviews were conducted (August-November 2016) to assess opinions of and perceived barriers to accessing and adopting PrEP among MSM residing in Oklahoma...
August 2017: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820347/association-between-eye-diagnosis-and-positive-syphilis-test-results-in-a-large-urban-sexually-transmitted-infection-primary-care-clinic-population
#13
Ann-Marie Lobo, Yan Gao, Laura Rusie, Magda Houlberg, Supriya D Mehta
In 2015, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO) released clinical advisories on rising cases of ocular syphilis. We examined the association between eye disease and syphilis infection among primary care and sexually transmitted infection (STI) clinic patients attending an urban lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT) health center. We conducted a retrospective medical record review of all patients who underwent syphilis testing at Howard Brown Health between 1 January 2010 and 31 December 2015...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812848/the-elephants-in-the-room-sex-hiv-and-lgbt-populations-in-mena-intersectionality-in-lebanon-comment-on-improving-the-quality-and-quantity-of-hiv-data-in-the-middle-east-and-north-africa-key-challenges-and-ways-forward
#14
Rachel L Kaplan, Cynthia El Khoury
In response to this insightful editorial, we wish to provide commentary that seeks to highlight recent successes and illuminate the often unspoken hurdles at the intersections of culture, politics, and taboo. We focus on sexual transmission and draw examples from Lebanon, where the pursuit of data in quality and quantity is teaching us lessons about the way forward and where we are experiencing many of the challenges referenced in the editorial such as discrepancies between national statistics and rates derived via research as well as the impact of protracted political conflict and displacement...
December 4, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805403/where-s-the-lgbt-in-integrated-care-research-a-systematic-review
#15
Rachel L Hughes, Catherine Damin, Katie Heiden-Rootes
INTRODUCTION: Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) individuals experience more negative health outcomes compared with their heterosexual peers. The health disparities are often related to family and social rejection of the LGBT individuals. Integrated care, and Medical Family Therapy in particular, may aid in addressing the systemic nature of the negative health outcomes. METHOD: To better understand the current state of the integrated care literature on addressing the health needs of LGBT individuals, a systematic review of the research literature was conducted from January 2000 to January 2016 for articles including integrated health care interventions for LGBT populations...
August 14, 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799888/challenging-the-black-church-narrative-race-class-and-homosexual-attitudes
#16
Yasmiyn A Irizarry, Ravi K Perry
In recent years, scholars have pointed to the black church as the driving force behind blacks' more conservative Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgendered (LGBT) attitudes. Although evidence suggests a robust association between religiosity and LGBT attitudes, contemporary scholarship has not examined the role of class or the extent to which religiosity actually explains these trends. Using the 2004-2012 waves of the General Social Survey, we find that class moderates in the effect of race on negative LGBT attitudes, resulting in a noticeably larger gap between middle class blacks and whites than in the top or the bottom of the class distribution...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782330/the-effects-of-educational-curricula-and-training-on-lgbt-specific-health-issues-for-healthcare-students-and-professionals-a-mixed-method-systematic-review
#17
Adekemi Oluwayemisi Sekoni, Nicola K Gale, Bibiane Manga-Atangana, Arjun Bhadhuri, Kate Jolly
INTRODUCTION: Poor access of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people to healthcare providers with clinical and cultural competency contributes to health inequalities between heterosexual/cisgender and LGBT people. This systematic review assesses the effect of educational curricula and training for healthcare students and professionals on LGBT healthcare issues. METHODS: Systematic review; the search terms, strategy and process as well as eligibility criteria were predefined and registered prospectively on PROSPERO...
July 19, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766125/medical-school-factors-associated-with-changes-in-implicit-and-explicit-bias-against-gay-and-lesbian-people-among-3492-graduating-medical-students
#18
Sean M Phelan, Sara E Burke, Rachel R Hardeman, Richard O White, Julia Przedworski, John F Dovidio, Sylvia P Perry, Michael Plankey, Brooke A Cunningham, Deborah Finstad, Mark W Yeazel, Michelle van Ryn
BACKGROUND: Implicit and explicit bias among providers can influence the quality of healthcare. Efforts to address sexual orientation bias in new physicians are hampered by a lack of knowledge of school factors that influence bias among students. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether medical school curriculum, role modeling, diversity climate, and contact with sexual minorities predict bias among graduating students against gay and lesbian people. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study...
August 1, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749876/lgbt-older-adults-in-long-term-care
#19
Joy Jacobson
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender elders continue to face health care disparities.
August 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720445/moving-beyond-sex-assessing-the-impact-of-gender-identity-on-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-recommendations-and-uptake-among-a-national-sample-of-rural-residing-lgbt-young-adults
#20
Robert A Bednarczyk, Jennifer L Whitehead, Rob Stephenson
BACKGROUND: While national human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination estimates exist by sex, little is known about HPV vaccination rates by gender identity. METHODS: We conducted a self-administered, anonymous online cross-sectional survey, with recruitment through Facebook ads, of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender individuals in rural areas of the US. We compared HPV vaccine recommendation and uptake by self-reported sex assigned at birth and current gender identity...
June 2017: Papillomavirus Research
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