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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161889/intersections-of-physician-autonomy-religion-and-health-care-when-working-with-lgbt-patients
#1
Tara M Prairie, Bethany Wrye, Sarah Murfree
The purpose of this study is to explore the ways that some health care providers perceive the intersectionality of their autonomy, religious faith, and their medical practice, specifically when it comes to providing care for the LGBT+ (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, intersex, and asexual) community. Physicians (n = 25) and medical residents (n = 17) located in the southeast completed a qualitative survey regarding their views of working with LGBT+ patients. Five main themes resulted from the analysis: adequate education, communication, discrimination, duty versus physician autonomy, and religious exemption...
November 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159308/transgender-and-gender-nonconforming-youths-public-facilities-use-and-psychological-well-being-a-mixed-method-study
#2
Lance S Weinhardt, Patricia Stevens, Hui Xie, Linda M Wesp, Steven A John, Immaculate Apchemengich, David Kioko, Shannon Chavez-Korell, Katherine M Cochran, Jennifer M Watjen, Nickolas H Lambrou
Purpose: In this study, we explored experiences and feelings of safety in public facilities in relation to psychological well-being among transgender and gender nonconforming (TGNC) youth in the Midwest in the summer of 2016, in the context of ongoing legislative proposals and regulations regarding school and public bathroom use in the United States. Methods: We used a mixed-method approach, with (1) a self-administered, paper-and-pencil survey of 120 TGNC youth, focusing on differences of self-esteem, resilience, quality of life (QoL), perceived stigma, feelings of safety, and experiences of public facility use and (2) two focus group interviews (n=9) in which TGNC youth discussed individual perceptions, attitudes, and experiences of bathroom use outside participants' homes...
2017: Transgender Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154714/improving-measures-of-sexual-and-gender-identity-in-english-and-spanish-to-identify-lgbt-older-adults-in-surveys
#3
Stuart Michaels, Carolina Milesi, Michael Stern, Melissa Heim Viox, Heather Morrison, Paul Guerino, Christina Dragon, Samuel C Haffer
PURPOSE: The goal of this research is to advance the study of health disparities faced by older sexual and gender minorities by assessing comprehension of and improving measures of sexual and gender identity in surveys. METHODS: Cognitive interviews were conducted by expert interviewers with 48 non-lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (non-LGBT) and 9 LGBT older English and Spanish speakers. RESULTS: All respondents were able to answer questions about their sex assigned at birth and current gender identity successfully despite some cisgender respondents' lack of clear understanding of the transgender response option...
November 20, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154611/individual-and-systemic-barriers-to-health-care-perspectives-of-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-adults
#4
Meghan Romanelli, Kimberly D Hudson
Access to effective services is imperative to address the many health and mental health disparities that lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people face. This population, however, remains underserved and often ill-served in health care environments. Furthermore, interactions between system- and individual-level dimensions of access create barriers to service engagement. Within much of the extant literature surrounding health care barriers among LGBT people, the rich narratives and varied experiences of LGBT community members from diverse backgrounds have often been excluded...
2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153445/prevalence-and-correlates-of-youth-homelessness-in-the-united-states
#5
Matthew H Morton, Amy Dworsky, Jennifer L Matjasko, Susanna R Curry, David Schlueter, Raúl Chávez, Anne F Farrell
PURPOSE: Unaccompanied youth homelessness is a serious concern. Response, however, has been constrained by the absence of credible data on the size and characteristics of the population and reliable means to track youth homelessness over time. We sought to address these gaps. METHODS: Using a nationally representative phone-based survey (N = 26,161), we solicited household and individual reports on different types of youth homelessness. We collected household reports on adolescents aged 13-17 and young adults aged 18-25, as well as self-reports from young adults aged 18-25...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148906/research-and-policy-change-to-improve-healthcare-and-elder-services-for-lgbt-older-adults
#6
Sean R Cahill
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144848/watching-the-evolution-of-the-american-family-amazon-s-transparent-ecological-systems-theory-and-the-changing-dynamics-of-public-opinion
#7
Amy B Becker, Maureen E Todd
Using Bronfenbrenner's (1979) ecological systems theory as an organizing framework, the research closely examines the text of the Amazon Studios hit show, Transparent, and by extension the evolution of public opinion towards transgender individuals. By examining the Pfefferman family in detail and their related microsystem and macrosystem, we are able to closely unpack the transition of Jeffrey Tambor's character from Mort to Maura and the show's connections with broader developments in the Los Angeles LGBT community and the Jewish diaspora in postwar and contemporary Los Angeles...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129965/green-light-given-to-more-research-on-health-disparities-in-lgbt-elders
#8
Charles A Emlet, Karen I Fredriksen-Goldsen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Aging Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119924/deaths-in-the-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-united-kingdom-communities-associated-with-ghb-and-precursors
#9
John M Corkery, Barbara Loi, Hugh Claridge, Christine Goodair, Fabrizio Schifano
Background Misuse of gammahydroxybutrate (GHB) and its prodrugs gammabutyrolactone (GBL) and 1,4 butanediol (1,4-BD) has increased greatly since the early 1990s, particularly amongst lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) individuals in recreational and sexual settings, e.g. 'chemsex'. Objective and method This paper presents an overview of GHB pharmacotoxicology and provides analyses of cases in the LGBT population associated with use of these substances extracted from the UK's National Programme on Substance Abuse Deaths database, to which notification is voluntary...
November 8, 2017: Current Drug Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109564/discrepancies-in-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-patient-care-and-how-pharmacists-can-support-an-evolved-practice
#10
Erin Maxwell, Stephanie Salch, Monique Boliko, Genevieve Anakwe-Charles
We live in an increasingly multicultural society with people from different ethnicities and beliefs. In recent years, we have witnessed a growing group of people who identify as having diverse sexual orientations and gender identities. Members of the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) community have historically been marginalized by the health care industry. The disproportionate prevalence of LGBT health concerns and cultural prejudices may be overlooked by many practitioners. As pharmacists, we are in an optimal position to affect meaningful changes in how we treat, counsel, and interact with all our patients, including with those whose sexual orientation or gender identity differ from ours...
September 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091538/assessing-and-meeting-the-needs-of-lgbt-older-adults-via-the-older-americans-act
#11
Michael Adams, Aaron D Tax
SAGE and its partners have been focused on bridging the chasm between the greater need that LGBT older adults have for care, services, and supports, and the lower rate at which they access them, compared with their heterosexual and cisgender counterparts. The chasm is caused by discrimination, social isolation, disproportionate poverty and health disparities, and a lack of access to culturally competent providers. SAGE has used federal administrative and legislative advocacy to encourage the Aging Network to bridge this chasm by assessing and meeting the needs of LGBT older adults that can be addressed via the programs created under the Older Americans Act...
November 1, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080921/unmet-support-needs-of-sexual-and-gender-minority-breast-cancer-survivors
#12
Maria Teresa Brown, Jane A McElroy
PURPOSE: This study explored sources of stress and support experienced by sexual and gender minority (SGM) breast cancer survivors and the impact of treatment on their lives. METHODS: SGM breast cancer survivors were identified through purposive and referral sampling and invited to participate in a web-based survey containing both closed- and open-ended items. Sixty-eight SGM breast cancer survivors aged 18-75 years completed the survey between May 2015 and January 2016...
October 28, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045707/the-social-determinants-of-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-youth-suicidality-in-england-a-mixed-methods-study
#13
Elizabeth McDermott, Elizabeth Hughes, Victoria Rawlings
Background: Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) youth have a higher risk of suicidality and self-harm than heterosexual youth populations but little is known about the underlying mechanisms. We aimed to investigate the social determinants of this mental health inequality. Methods: A two-stage sequential mixed method study was conducted. Firstly, 29 semi-structured interviews with LGBT youth (aged 13-25 years old) were completed. Data was analysed thematically...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043846/-gay-equals-white-racial-ethnic-and-sexual-identities-and-attitudes-toward-lgbt-individuals-among-college-students-at-a-bible-belt-university
#14
Meredith G F Worthen
While past research has certainly explored a variety of correlates of attitudes toward lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) individuals, the current study is among the first in an emerging line of inquiry that examines attitudes toward each of these groups separately utilizing an intersectional framework with special attention to racial, ethnic, and sexual identities. Using a college sample of students from the Bible Belt of the United States (N = 1,940), I investigated the roles of racial and ethnic identities (Caucasian/White, African American/Black, Asian/Pacific Islander, Native American/Alaskan Native, other race, and Hispanic/Latinx), religiosity, patriarchal gender norms, parental perspectives, and the intersections among these identities and experiences as they relate to attitudes toward LGBT individuals among heterosexual (n = 1,551) and LGB respondents (n = 389)...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035161/a-concept-analysis-of-bear-identity
#15
Narciso Quidley-Rodriguez, Joseph P De Santis
Members of the bear community, a gay male subculture, offer insight into the development and purveyance of a gay subculture. Using Walker and Avant's concept analysis methodology, concept exploration and a subsequent concept analysis of the term bear identity, using existing literature, was conducted to obtain a better understanding of the meanings of the term bear identity. CINAHL, Psycinfo, Pubmed, Medline, LGBT Life, and ProQuest were employed to identify and examine the data surrounding the concept of bear identity...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032496/school-practices-to-foster-lgbt-supportive-climate-associations-with-adolescent-bullying-involvement
#16
Amy L Gower, Myriam Forster, Kari Gloppen, Abigail Z Johnson, Marla E Eisenberg, John E Connett, Iris W Borowsky
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth experience disproportionate rates of bullying compared to their heterosexual peers. Schools are well-positioned to address these disparities by creating supportive school climates for LGBT youth, but more research is needed to examine the variety of practices and professional development opportunities put in place to this end. The current study examines how school practices to create supportive LGBT student climate relate to student reports of bullying. Student-level data come from the 2013 Minnesota Student Survey, a state-wide survey of risk and protective factors...
October 14, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021010/exposure-to-community-violence-among-low-income-african-american-youth-in-chicago-a-latent-class-analysis
#17
Dexter R Voisin, Dong Ha Kim, Lynn Michalopoulos, Sadiq Patel
African American youth are exposed to some of the highest rates of exposure to community violence. However, few studieshave explored factors related to exposures and various subtypes of exposures to community violence (i.e., no exposure, witnessing only and being a witness/victim). Among a matched sample of 129 African American youth and their caregivers, no exposure to community violence was correlated with being heterosexual versus being a lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) person, having parents who owned their homes versus rented, and having higher authoritarian parenting attitudes...
October 11, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956629/development-of-an-lgb-specific-health-literacy-scale
#18
Michele J Eliason, Predair Robinson, Kimberly Balsam
No studies to date have examined health literacy among lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) individuals, nor considered whether LGB-specific health literacy might be a contributing factor to well-documented health disparities in LGB populations. This pilot study gathered online survey data from a national convenience sample of 232 LGB adults age 40 and older. A scale developed specifically for this study had 10 items related to general health literacy and 10 items related to LGB-specific health information and skills...
September 28, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928340/a-first-step-in-addressing-medical-education-curriculum-gaps-in-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-related-content-the-university-of-louisville-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-health-certificate-program
#19
Susan Sawning, Stacie Steinbock, Rachel Croley, Ryan Combs, Ann Shaw, Toni Ganzel
BACKGROUND: Individuals who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT), gender nonconforming, and/or born with differences of sex development have specific health needs and significant health disparities exacerbated by a lack of training among health professionals. The University of Louisville LGBT Health Certificate Program used an interdisciplinary approach to increase training, potentially enabling future physicians to provide quality healthcare to LGBT patients. METHODS: A pretest-post-test design was used to investigate medical students' (n = 39) attitude and knowledge outcomes after program participation...
May 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924678/gender-opportunities-in-psychosocial-oncology
#20
Matthew Loscalzo, Karen Clark
So much has happened since the original publication of this chapter. In some ways, the progress made in appreciating the full spectrum of sexual and gender expression has been uneven and in some nations, there has been serious regression and resulting repression. But overall, especially in the industrialized countries, there is much greater awareness of sex and gender and its importance in health and well being. In this updated chapter, we put sex and gender into a historical context that is relevant to psycho-oncology and that openly accepts that society overall, is highly conflicted when it comes to how women and men get the best out of each other, never mind how to best integrate lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) communities...
2018: Recent Results in Cancer Research
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