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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645969/protocol-for-the-residents-in-action-pilot-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-riat-evaluating-a-behaviour-change-intervention-to-promote-walking-reduce-sitting-and-improve-mental-health-in-physically-inactive-older-adults-in-retirement-villages
#1
Cecilie Thøgersen-Ntoumani, Ashlene Wright, Eleanor Quested, Elissa Burton, Keith D Hill, Ester Cerin, Stuart J H Biddle, Nikos Ntoumanis
INTRODUCTION: Ageing is accompanied by increased risks of chronic disease, declined functioning and increased dependency. Physical activity is critical to retaining health and independence, but the majority of older people are insufficiently physically active to achieve these benefits and have high levels of sedentary (sitting) time. Activity programmes are often offered in retirement villages; however, their uptake is limited. Furthermore, although the physical environment in and around these villages can play an important role in decisions to be physically active, its role is often overlooked by research in these settings...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635570/quality-dementia-care-prerequisites-and-relational-ethics-among-multicultural-healthcare-providers
#2
Gerd Sylvi Sellevold, Veslemøy Egede-Nissen, Rita Jakobsen, Venke Sørlie
BACKGROUND: Many nursing homes appear as multicultural workplaces where the majority of healthcare providers have an ethnic minority background. This environment creates challenges linked to communication, interaction and cultural differences. Furthermore, the healthcare providers have varied experiences and understanding of what quality care of patients with dementia involves. PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to illuminate multi-ethnic healthcare providers' lived experiences of their own working relationship, and its importance to quality care for people with dementia...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635207/integrating-the-care-of-the-complex-copd-patient
#3
Claudio F Donner, Laura Carrozzi, Sara Maio, Sandra Baldacci, Francesco Pistelli, Giovanni Viegi, Andrea Purro, Roberto Torchio, Enrico Clini, Sandro Amaducci, Richard L ZuWallack, Roger Goldstein, Michael Morgan, Jean Bourbeau, Guido Vagheggini, Emiel F M Wouters
Proceedings of the European Seminars in Respiratory Medicine course, Long-Term Integrated Care of COPD Patients held in Stresa, Italy, on 16-17 June, 2016.
May 18, 2017: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, Archivio Monaldi Per le Malattie del Torace
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628958/supervision-in-psychoanalysis-the-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-seminars-by-antonino-ferro
#4
Gregory D Graham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Psychoanalytic Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626790/data-on-records-of-indoor-temperature-and-relative-humidity-in-a-university-building
#5
O Irulegi, A Serra, R Hernández
Good indoor comfort and air quality are essential for correct educational development. Most reports in this field focus on primary and secondary school buildings, with numerous projects conducted in the Mediterranean Zone. However, little has been done in the context of university buildings. Data on indoor temperature and relative humidity data acquired trough field surveys of a seminar room located in the Architecture Faculty in San Sebastian (Spain) is provided in this paper. The seminar room was monitored during a typical spring week...
August 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625477/challenges-and-advances-in-the-diagnosis-biology-and-treatment-of-urothelial-upper-tract-and-bladder-carcinomas
#6
REVIEW
Jeanny B Aragon-Ching
Urothelial carcinomas span the bladder, ureter, and renal pelvis, and while there had been stagnation in the field of drug approval for the past two decades, there is now accelerated and regular US FDA approval of 5 immunotherapy agents. However, patients who inherently do not respond or progress on such therapies still represent an area of increased unmet need. In this special Seminars issue, we explore varying aspects of bladder urothelial carcinoma treatment with targeted therapies, the unique presentation and challenges in the treatment of upper tract and renal pelvis tumors, as well as new and emerging diagnostic imaging tools for varying genitourinary cancers...
July 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624601/the-manchester-fly-facility-implementing-an-objective-driven-long-term-science-communication-initiative
#7
REVIEW
Sanjai Patel, Andreas Prokop
Science communication is increasingly important for scientists, although research, teaching and administration activities tend to eat up our time already, and budgets for science communication are usually low. It appears impossible to combine all these tasks and, in addition, to develop engagement activities to a quality and impact that would make the efforts worth their while. Here we argue that these challenges are easier addressed when centering science communication initiatives on a long-term vision with a view to eventually forming outreach networks where the load can be shared whilst being driven to higher momentum...
June 15, 2017: Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621217/occupational-therapists-with-oncology-exposure-perceived-needs-on-adults-and-older-adults-with-cancer-related-cognitive-impairments
#8
Sara S Ulfers, Christine Berg
Cancer-related cognitive impairments (CRCI) can limit participation in meaningful activities before, during, and after cancer treatment. This study explored occupational therapists' perceived knowledge gaps and needs regarding CRCI in adults and older adults. An online survey was sent to a convenience sample of 60 practitioners at facilities throughout the continuum of care and 176 directors and faculty in accredited occupational therapy programs. Using a snowball sampling approach, recipients were asked to forward the survey to other occupational therapists...
July 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606379/launchpad-for-onboarding-new-faculty-into-academic-life
#9
Toshimasa Clark, Janet Corral, Eric Nyberg, Tami Bang, Premal Trivedi, Peter Sachs, Tatum Mcarthur, Jonathan Flug, Carol Rumack
We developed a faculty professional development seminar series in order to facilitate the integration of our numerous new faculty into academics. The changing nature of the healthcare system, increasing clinical and administrative responsibility, and lack of access to senior mentors can hinder junior faculty productivity and possibly increase attrition. Given that no ready-made resources existed to address these issues we established a Professional Development Committee, developed a curriculum that covers relevant topics including promotion, mentorship, conflict management and feedback, and effective presentation of scientific data, and instituted changes iteratively based upon feedback...
April 27, 2017: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600363/a-self-efficacy-education-programme-on-foot-self-care-behaviour-among-older-patients-with-diabetes-in-a-public-long-term-care-institution-malaysia-a-quasi-experimental-pilot-study
#10
Siti Khuzaimah Ahmad Sharoni, Hejar Abdul Rahman, Halimatus Sakdiah Minhat, Sazlina Shariff Ghazali, Mohd Hanafi Azman Ong
OBJECTIVE: A pilot self-efficacy education programme was conducted to assess the feasibility, acceptability and potential impact of the self-efficacy education programme on improving foot self-care behaviour among older patients with diabetes in a public long-term care institution. METHOD: A prequasi-experimental and postquasi-experimental study was conducted in a public long-term care institution in Selangor, Malaysia. Patients with diabetes aged 60 years and above who fulfilled the selection criteria were invited to participate in this programme...
June 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593074/safety-and-health-perceptions-in-work-related-transport-activities-in-ghanaian-industries
#11
Charles Atombo, Chaozhong Wu, Emmanuel O Tettehfio, Godwin Y Nyamuame, Aaron A Agbo
BACKGROUND: With the recent rapid industrialization, occupational safety and health (OSH) has become an important issue in all industrial and human activities. However, incidents of injuries and fatality rates in the Ghanaian industry sector continue to increase. Despite this increase, there is no evidence regarding the element of OSH management in transport activities in Ghanaian industries. Thus, this study aims to examine the perceptions regarding the importance of safety and health in work-related transport activities in Ghanaian industries...
June 2017: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591334/-evaluation-of-implementation-of-the-protocol-for-managing-tuberculosis-human-immunodeficiency-virus-coinfection-in-specialized-care-services-in-cear%C3%A3-state
#12
Silvia Helena Bastos de Paula, Telma Alves Martins, Sheila Maria Santiago Borges, Christiana Maria de Oliveira Nogueira, Valderina Ramos Freire
Objectives: Identify barriers and strategies for implementation of the protocol for managing tuberculosis/ human immunodeficiency virus (TB/HIV) coinfection in specialized care services in Ceará state, through evaluation research. Methods: The study followed iPIER methodology, a new initiative to help improve the implementation of health programs through the use of research that is conducted as a part of the implementation process. Data were collected on the structure and processes of 22 services and barriers were explored in four focus groups with 28 participants, from the standpoint of the health team, administrators, and users...
May 25, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587976/mechanosensing-of-matrix-by-stem-cells-from-contractility-and-matrix-heterogeneity-to-cardiogenesis-and-muscle-stem-cells
#13
REVIEW
Lucas Smith, Sangkyun Cho, Dennis E Discher
Stem cells are particularly 'plastic' cell types that are induced by various cues to become specialized, tissue-functional lineages by switching on the expression of specific gene programs. Matrix stiffness is among the cues that multiple stem cell types can sense and respond to. This seminar-style review focuses on mechanosensing of matrix elasticity in the differentiation or early maturation of a few illustrative stem cell types, with an intended audience of biologists and physical scientists. Contractile forces applied by a cell's acto-myosin cytoskeleton are often resisted by the extracellular matrix and transduced through adhesions and the cytoskeleton ultimately into the nucleus to modulate gene expression...
June 3, 2017: Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584868/famulatur-plus-a-successful-model-for-improving-students-physical-examination-skills
#14
Achim Jerg, Wolfgang Öchsner, Harald Traue, Lucia Jerg-Bretzke
Introduction/Project description: Several studies have revealed insufficient physical examination skills among medical students, both with regard to the completeness of the physical examination and the accuracy of the techniques used. FAMULATUR PLUS was developed in response to these findings. As part of this practice-oriented instructional intervention, physical examination skills should be taught through examination seminars and problem-oriented learning approaches. In order to ensure practical relevance, all courses are integrated into a 30-day clinical traineeship in the surgery or internal medicine department of a hospital (FAMULATUR PLUS)...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584865/the-gender-lens-development-of-a-learning-aid-to-introduce-gender-medicine
#15
Simone Weyers, Anja Vervoorts, Nico Dragano, Miriam Engels
Background and aim: Gender medicine takes into account biological and social differences between men and women in terms of prevalence and course of disease, diagnosis and therapy. Medical students should be made aware of this in the early stages of medical education. However, there is hardly any teaching material currently available. This article presents the adaption and first use of the German "Gender Lens," a tool to introduce gender medicine to medical students. Method: The original Canadian "Gender Lens Tool" was translated into German, tested by (n=5) teachers and adapted based on current scientific concepts...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581642/improving-visual-observation-skills-through-the-arts-to-aid-radiographic-interpretation-in-veterinary-practice-a-pilot-study
#16
Cathy Beck, Heather Gaunt, Neville Chiavaroli
Radiographic interpretation is a perceptual and cognitive skill. Recently core veterinary radiology textbooks have focused on the cognitive (i.e., the clinical aspects of radiographic interpretation) rather than the features of visual observation that improve identification of abnormalities. As a result, the skill of visual observation is underemphasized and thus often underdeveloped by trainees. The study of the arts in medical education has been used to train and improve visual observation and empathy. The use of the arts to improve visual observation skills in Veterinary Science has not been previously described...
June 5, 2017: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577827/normal-tissue-constraints-for-abdominal-and-thoracic-stereotactic-body-radiotherapy
#17
REVIEW
Erqi L Pollom, Alexander L Chin, Maximilian Diehn, Billy W Loo, Daniel T Chang
Although stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) or stereotactic ablative radiotherapy has become an established standard of care for the treatment of a variety of malignancies, our understanding of normal tissue dose tolerance with extreme hypofractionation remains immature. Since Timmerman initially proposed normal tissue dose constraints for SBRT in the 2008 issue of Seminars of Radiation Oncology, experience with SBRT has grown, and more long-term clinical outcome data have been reported. This article reviews the modern toxicity literature and provides updated clinically practical and useful recommendations of SBRT dose constraints for extracranial sites...
July 2017: Seminars in Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577118/comparing-and-contrasting-the-use-of-problem-based-learning-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-programs
#18
Dale Peeples, Anthony Guerrero, Bettina Bernstein, Jeffrey Hunt, Say How Ong, Cynthia Santos, Sandra Sexson, Norbert Skokauskas
OBJECTIVE: Problem-based learning (PBL) is one of the core components of medical education. To facilitate the spread and use of PBL in child and adolescent psychiatry (CAP) fellowship training, a special interest study group (SISG) was formed at the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (AACAP). Different approaches to the implementation of PBL between programs represented at the SISG are compared in this report. METHODS: The authors distributed a survey to SISG participants after the 2015 annual AACAP meeting, which gathered information about the different approaches programs use to implement PBL in graduate medical education...
June 2, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552366/amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#19
REVIEW
Michael A van Es, Orla Hardiman, Adriano Chio, Ammar Al-Chalabi, R Jeroen Pasterkamp, Jan H Veldink, Leonard H van den Berg
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is characterised by the progressive loss of motor neurons in the brain and spinal cord. This neurodegenerative syndrome shares pathobiological features with frontotemporal dementia and, indeed, many patients show features of both diseases. Many different genes and pathophysiological processes contribute to the disease, and it will be necessary to understand this heterogeneity to find effective treatments. In this Seminar, we discuss clinical and diagnostic approaches as well as scientific advances in the research fields of genetics, disease modelling, biomarkers, and therapeutic strategies...
May 25, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551477/an-evaluation-of-approaches-used-to-teach-quality-improvement-to-pre-registration-healthcare-professionals-an-integrative-review
#20
REVIEW
Lorraine Armstrong, Ashley Shepherd, Fiona Harris
BACKGROUND: Improving the quality of healthcare remains central to UK and international policy, practice and research. In 2003, The Institute of Medicine's 'Health Professions Education: A Bridge to Quality', advocated quality improvement as a core competency for all healthcare professionals. As a result, developing capacity and capability of those applying improvement methodologies in the pre-registration population has risen, yet, little is known about the teaching approaches employed for this purpose...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
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