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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148145/development-of-undergraduate-gerodontology-courses-in-austria-germany-and-switzerland-2004-2014
#1
I Nitschke, M Neitzel, B A J Sobotta
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: In view of the demographic shift, undergraduate dental students should be prepared for growing numbers of older people and their specific needs. The study examines changes in undergraduate dental teaching in Austria, Germany and Switzerland between 2004 and 2014. METHODS: Questionnaires were mailed in 2004, 2009 and 2014 to all deans and all department heads of Austrian (n = 4), German (n = 30) and Swiss (n = 4) dental schools. RESULTS: Response rates were 51% for deans and 47% for heads of department...
November 17, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147033/socratic-seminar-with-data-a-strategy-to-support-student-discourse-and-understanding
#2
Joan Griswold, Loren Shaw, Maureen Munn
A Socratic seminar can be a powerful tool for increasing students' ability to analyze and interpret data. Most commonly used for text-based discussion, we found that using Socratic seminar to engage students with data contributes to student understanding by allowing them to reason through and process complex information as a group. This approach also provides teachers with insights about student misconceptions and understanding of concepts by listening to the student-driven discussion. This article reports on Socratic seminar in the context of a high school type 2 diabetes curriculum that explores gene and environment interactions...
August 2017: American Biology Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137512/microfinance-institutions-successful-delivery-of-micronutrient-powders-a-randomized-trial-in-rural-haiti
#3
Aaron Baum, Wesly Elize, Florence Jean-Louis
Globally, two-thirds of child deaths could be prevented by increased provision of health interventions such as vaccines, micronutrient supplements, and water purification tablets. We report the results from a randomized controlled trial in Haiti during 2012 that tested whether microfinance institutions-which reach 200 million households worldwide-can effectively deliver health products. These institutions provide loans to underserved entrepreneurs, primarily poor women in rural areas. In the intervention group, micronutrient powders to improve the nutrition of young children were distributed at regularly occurring microfinance meetings by a trained borrower...
November 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131689/do-pedometers-with-or-without-education-on-exercise-increase-functional-walking-capacity-and-physical-activity-level-in-adolescents-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#4
Jill Blitz, Sara M Stern, Katherine Marzan
To evaluate the impact of pedometer use on the physical activity (PA) and functional walking capacity (FWC) of adolescents with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) and lower extremity (LE) involvement. Twenty-seven adolescents, aged 11-19 years with JIA and LE involvement, participated in the three-phase pedometer study that introduced the use of a pedometer and an education seminar at 6 weeks. Measurements were taken at the baseline first visit and at weeks 6, 12, and 20. The primary outcome measure was the 6-minute walk test (6MWT)...
November 13, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129984/intercultural-competency-development-of-health-professions-students-during-study-abroad-in-india
#5
Claire A Richards, Ardith Z Doorenbos
Objective: Short-term international health-related study abroad seminars for health-professions students are increasingly popular because of a focus in higher education on global awareness and intercultural competency. This study describes a study abroad strategy to teach students intercultural communication skills and knowledge, and evaluated the effectiveness of a 3-week health-related study abroad program and intercultural competency curriculum in increasing skills and knowledge of health-profession students...
December 2016: Journal of Nursing Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123837/effectiveness-of-cadaver-based-educational-seminar-for-trauma-surgery-skills-retention-after-half-year-follow-up
#6
Hiroshi Homma, Jun Oda, Tetsuo Yukioka, Shogo Hayashi, Tomoya Suzuki, Kentaro Kawai, Katsuhiro Nagata, Hidefumi Sano, Hiroshi Takyu, Norio Sato, Hirokazu Taguchi, Kazuki Mashiko, Takeo Azuhata, Masayuki Ito, Tomomi Fukuhara, Yo Kurashima, Shinichi Kawata, Masahiro Itoh
Aim: In Japan, trauma surgery training remains insufficient, and on-the-job training has become increasingly difficult because of the decreasing number of severe trauma patients and the development of non-operative management. Therefore, we assessed whether a 1-day cadaver-based seminar is effective for trauma surgery training. Methods: Data were collected from 11 seminars carried out from January 2013 to March 2014, including a 10-point self-assessment of confidence levels (SACL) for 21 surgical skills and an evaluation of the contents before, just after, and a half-year after the seminar...
January 2017: Acute Medicine & Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122807/contribution-of-the-voluntary-sector-to-mental-health-crisis-care-in-england-protocol-for-a-multimethod-study
#7
Karen Newbigging, John Mohan, James Rees, Jenny Harlock, Alex Davis
INTRODUCTION: Timely access to the right kind of support for people experiencing a mental health crisis can be problematic. The voluntary sector (VS) plays a key role in providing support and enabling access, but there is a knowledge gap concerning its contribution and interface with public services in mental health crisis care. This study aims to address this. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The study has three empirical elements: (1) a national survey of voluntary sector organisations (VSOs) in England and national stakeholder interviews to develop a typology of organisations and interventions provided by VSOs; (2) detailed mapping of VS services in two regions through interviews and extending the national survey; (3) four case studies, identified from the regional mapping, of VS mental health crisis services and their interface with National Health Service (NHS) and local authority services, at both a system and individual level...
November 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120252/interprofessional-ethics-education-seminar-for-undergraduate-health-science-students-a-pilot-study
#8
Kathleen Cino, Rita Austin, Cristina Casa, Christine Nebocat, Adele Spencer
To prepare for the modern collaborative healthcare system, health science academia is charged with educating future professionals to be competent members of the interprofessional team. The purpose of this pilot study was to assess self-efficacy for interprofessional education (IPE) in medical laboratory technology, dental hygiene, and nursing students before and after an IPE session. The specific topic of ethics was the focus of the session. The interprofessional seminar was designed to compare the codes of ethics from each programme through discussion and a case-based approach...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118960/from-the-padua-muscle-days-the-basic-and-applied-myology-and-the-european-journal-of-translational-myology-to-the-a-cm-carraro-foundation-for-translational-myology
#9
Ugo Carraro
As a young researched I had the option to work on skeletal muscle at the University of Padova, Italy. Introduced to the study of muscle denervation/reinnervation, I started a project on long term denervated muscle that still is my primary interest and took me from rodents' models of chronic muscle denervation to human spinal cord injury-related muscle denervation and its managements. On the way, I organized a series of conferences in Euganei Hills, Padua, Italy and an international journal, the Basic and Applied Myology...
June 27, 2017: European Journal of Translational Myology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108443/translating-healthy-living-messages-to-postpartum-women-and-their-partners-after-gestational-diabetes-gdm-body-habitus-a1c-lifestyle-habits-and-program-engagement-results-from-the-families-defeating-diabetes-fdd-randomized-trial
#10
R McManus, D Miller, M Mottola, I Giroux, L Donovan
PURPOSE: The Families Defeating Diabetes intervention evaluated a postpartum healthy living program for women with recent gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Tertiary centers in London, Calgary, and Victoria, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: Women with GDM and partners; 46% of eligible maternal participants agreed to participate. INTERVENTION: Interventional (INT) participants received a healthy living seminar at 3 months; access to a walking group/Website; biweekly e-mails...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103310/comparison-of-adherence-to-the-2013-acc-aha-cholesterol-guideline-in-a-teaching-versus-nonteaching-outpatient-clinic
#11
Angela Cheng-Lai, Jessica Snead, Christina Ng, Caroline Verges, Philip Chung
BACKGROUND: Little information is available regarding prescribers' adherence rate to the 2013 American College of Cardiology (ACC)/American Heart Association (AHA) cholesterol guideline, especially that from a teaching versus a nonteaching setting. OBJECTIVES: We aim to evaluate adherence rates to the 2013 ACC/AHA cholesterol guideline in a teaching versus a nonteaching practice site. In addition, the impact of a pharmacist-led seminar on adherence rate to the guideline was assessed...
November 1, 2017: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101447/short-video-interventions-to-reduce-mental-health-stigma-a-multi-centre-randomised-controlled-trial-in-nursing-high-schools
#12
Petr Winkler, Miroslava Janoušková, Jiří Kožený, Jiří Pasz, Karolína Mladá, Aneta Weissová, Eva Tušková, Sara Evans-Lacko
BACKGROUND: We aimed to assess whether short video interventions could reduce stigma among nursing students. METHODS: A multi-centre, randomised controlled trial was conducted. Participating schools were randomly selected and randomly assigned to receive: (1) an informational leaflet, (2) a short video intervention or (3) a seminar involving direct contact with a service user. The Community Attitudes towards Mental Illness (CAMI) and Reported and Intended Behaviour Scale (RIBS) were selected as primary outcome measures...
November 3, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096876/a-training-program-for-nurse-scientists-to-promote-intervention-translation
#13
Sheila Judge Santacroce, Jennifer Leeman, Mi-Kyung Song
BACKGROUND: To reduce the burden of chronic illness, prevention and management interventions must be efficacious, adopted and implemented with fidelity, and reach those at greatest risk. Yet, many research-tested interventions are slow to translate into practice. PURPOSE: This paper describes how The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Nursing's NINR-funded institutional pre- and postdoctoral research-training program is addressing the imperative to speed knowledge translation across the research cycle...
September 19, 2017: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096116/courage-to-care-for-our-united-states-veterans-a-constructivist-way-of-teaching-and-learning-for-future-nurses
#14
Edna R Magpantay-Monroe
The knowledge and skills in providing veteran centered care is essential. The purpose of this retrospective evaluation is to examine a faculty's reflections on a BSN psychiatric mental health curriculum initiative that provides knowledge and skills regarding veterans care through several avenues to senior nursing students. This qualitative study use self-reflections through a constructivist view of teaching and learning as the framework. Open discussions in didactic about the unique psychological health issues of veterans formed a foundational knowledge for the students...
October 20, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093147/advancing-the-measurement-of-dental-students-professionalism
#15
Sandra Farah-Franco, Gail Singer-Chang, Harshavardhan Deoghare
In dental education, professionalism has been viewed as a requirement in order to achieve and maintain competence in the practice of dentistry. The Professionalism Mini-Evaluation Exercise (P-MEX), a 21-item instrument validated in medicine, is often used to measure the following observable professionalism behaviors: doctor-patient relationship, reflective skills, time management skills, and interprofessional relationship skills. Emotional intelligence (EI) is defined as the ability to accurately perceive emotions in oneself and in others in order to improve performance and personal growth...
November 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076393/designing-clinical-trials-for-assessing-the-effectiveness-of-interventions-for-tinnitus
#16
Deborah A Hall
In the face of finite resources, allocations of research and health-care funding are dependent upon high-quality evidence. Historically, tinnitus has been the poor cousin of hearing science, with low-quality clinical research providing unreliable estimates of effect and with devices marketed for tinnitus without strong evidence for those product claims. However, the tinnitus field is changing. Key opinion leaders have recently made calls to the field to improve the design, implementation, and reporting of clinical trials, and there is growing intersectoral collaboration...
January 2017: Trends in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075027/mini-implants-for-orthodontic-anchorage
#17
Reint Meursinge Reynders, Luisa Ladu
Data sourcesPubmed, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and the Web of Science databases. Hand searches of the journals European Journal of Orthodontics, Journal of Orthodontics, Journal of Clinical Orthodontics, Seminars in Orthodontics, American Journal of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopaedics and Angle Orthodontist.Study selectionTwo reviewers independently selected studies. Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and controlled clinical trials (CCTs) of orthodontic patients requiring extraction of the maxillary first premolars and closure of the spaces without anchorage loss were considered...
October 27, 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072186/greek-teachers-knowledge-about-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#18
I Giannopoulou, P Korkoliakou, E Pasalari, A Douzenis
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurobiological disorder, which affects about 5.2% of school-aged children worldwide. Children with ADHD present teachers with a special challenge, since they interfere with teaching process and do not respond to typical classroom management techniques. In order to meet this challenge teachers must have accurate, up-to-date, information about the disorder so that they can respond to the needs of the student with ADHD. Studies that have examined teachers' beliefs and knowledge relating to ADHD highlighted the need for providing training to increase Greek teachers' knowledge and understanding of the disorder...
July 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067901/6theurosurveillance-scientific-seminar-one-health-we-are-in-this-together-viral-and-bacterial-diseases-conditions-at-the-animal-human-interface-at-escaide-2017-in-stockholm
#19
Eurosurveillance Editorial Team
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061621/detection-and-management-of-familial-hypercholesterolaemia-in-primary-care-in-australia-protocol-for-a-pragmatic-cluster-intervention-study-with-pre-post-intervention-comparisons
#20
Diane E Arnold-Reed, Tom Brett, Lakkhina Troeung, Alistair Vickery, Jacquie Garton-Smith, Damon Bell, Jing Pang, Tegan Grace, Caroline Bulsara, Ian Li, Max Bulsara, Gerald F Watts
INTRODUCTION: Familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH), an autosomal dominant disorder of lipid metabolism, results in accelerated onset of atherosclerosis if left untreated. Lifelong treatment with diet, lifestyle modifications and statins enable a normal lifespan for most patients. Early diagnosis is critical. This protocol trials a primary care-based model of care (MoC) to improve detection and management of FH. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Pragmatic cluster intervention study with pre-post intervention comparisons in Australian general practices...
October 22, 2017: BMJ Open
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