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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928706/variability-of-clinical-target-volume-delineation-for-rectal-cancer-patients-planned-for-neoadjuvant-radiotherapy-with-the-aid-of-the-platform-anatom-e
#1
Pierfrancesco Franco, Francesca Arcadipane, Elisabetta Trino, Elena Gallio, Stefania Martini, Giuseppe Carlo Iorio, Cristina Piva, Francesco Moretto, Maria Grazia Ruo Redda, Roberta Verna, Vassiliki Tseroni, Cristina Bona, Gabriele Pozzi, Christian Fiandra, Riccardo Ragona, Oscar Bertetto, Umberto Ricardi
Objective: Delineation of treatment volumes is a major source of uncertainties in radiotherapy (RT). This is also true for rectal cancer patients undergoing neoadjuvant RT, with a potential impact on treatment quality. We investigated the role of the digital platform Anatom-e (Anatom-e Information Sytems Ltd., Houston, Texas) in increasing the compliance to follow a specific treatment protocol in a multicentric setting. Materials and methods: Two clinical cases of locally advanced rectal cancer were chosen...
June 2018: Clinical and Translational Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927804/phagophobia-successfully-treated-with-low-dose-aripiprazole-in-an-adolescent-a-case-report
#2
Rukiye Çolak Sivri, Hayriye Hizarcioğlu Gülşen, Arzu Yilmaz
Phagophobia is a condition characterized by an avoidance of swallowing foods and an intense fear of choking while eating solid foods in the absence of physiological and anatomical abnormalities. Phagophobia is mentioned in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition and International Classification of Diseases, 11th Edition in the new diagnostic category of avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder. The literature concerning phagophobia is sparse, and there is no specific treatment modality for this life-threatening condition...
June 20, 2018: Clinical Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927776/critical-care-management-of-anti-n-methyl-d-asparate-receptor-encephalitis
#3
Ron R Neyens, George E Gaskill, Julio A Chalela
OBJECTIVES: Anti-N-methyl-D-asparate receptor encephalitis is considered an immune-mediated form of encephalitis with paraneoplastic and nonparaneoplastic forms. Delay in recognition is common and patients typically present to the ICU without a diagnosis or with complications following a delayed diagnosis. The aim of this review is to provide a focused overview for the ICU clinician regarding presentation, diagnosis, and critical care management. DATA SOURCES, STUDY SELECTION, AND DATA EXTRACTION: PubMed database search with manual review of articles involving anti-N-methyl-D-asparate receptor encephalitis...
June 20, 2018: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927038/automated-nucleated-red-blood-cell-count-using-the-mindray-bc-6800-hematology-analyzer
#4
V Houyhongthong, W Nunphuak, C Sripatumtong, C Parnsamut, C Ketloy
INTRODUCTION: In current laboratory practice, obtaining a nucleated red blood cell (NRBC) count by manual microscopy (MM) is a laborious and time-consuming process. Modern hematology analyzers based on different technologies and methods have variable accuracies when determining NRBC counts. The aim of this study was to compare NRBC counts acquired by an automated Mindray BC-6800 analyzer (BC-6800), a flow cytometry (FC) reference method, and traditional MM. METHODS: A hundred EDTA samples with initial NRBC flags from the BC-6800 were included...
June 21, 2018: International Journal of Laboratory Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925502/2018-consensus-statement-on-exercise-therapy-and-physical-interventions-orthoses-taping-and-manual-therapy-to-treat-patellofemoral-pain-recommendations-from-the-5th-international-patellofemoral-pain-research-retreat-gold-coast-australia-2017
#5
Natalie J Collins, Christian J Barton, Marienke van Middelkoop, Michael J Callaghan, Michael Skovdal Rathleff, Bill T Vicenzino, Irene S Davis, Christopher M Powers, Erin M Macri, Harvi F Hart, Danilo de Oliveira Silva, Kay M Crossley
Patellofemoral pain affects a large proportion of the population, from adolescents to older adults, and carries a substantial personal and societal burden. An international group of scientists and clinicians meets biennially at the International Patellofemoral Research Retreat to share research findings related to patellofemoral pain conditions and develop consensus statements using best practice methods. This consensus statement, from the 5th International Patellofemoral Research Retreat held in Australia in July 2017, focuses on exercise therapy and physical interventions (eg, orthoses, taping and manual therapy) for patellofemoral pain...
June 20, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924076/effects-of-suit-orthosis-on-postural-adjustments-during-seated-reaching-task-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#6
Sílvia Leticia Pavão, Livia Pessarelli Visicato, Carolina Souza Neves da Costa, Ana Carolina de Campos, Nelci Adriana C F Rocha
AIM: To investigate suit-orthosis effects on postural sway during anticipatory and compensatory postural adjustments (APA and CPA, respectively) in a seated reaching task performed by children with cerebral palsy (CP). METHODS: Twenty-nine children were divided according to Manual Ability Classification System (MACS) I and II-III. Participants were instructed to reach forward toward an object both in a no-suit condition and in a suit-orthosis condition. RESULTS: Using the suit-orthosis, children at MACS II-III decreased velocity of center-of-pressure (CoP) sway during APA, whereas children at MACS I increased the anterior-posterior CoP displacement during CPA...
July 2018: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922605/efficacy-of-srm-iv-vestibular-function-diagnosis-and-treatment-system-in-treating-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo
#7
Nuan Wang, Hao Zhou, Hongli Huang, Deqin Geng, Xiuhua Yang, Chunyu Yu, Di Shi
Background: We determined the diagnostic and therapeutic effects of SRM-IV vestibular function diagnosis and treatment system on benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). Methods: Overall, 120 patients with BPPV diagnosed in the outpatient and in-patient departments of the Vertigo Treatment Center of the First People's Hospital of Xuzhou from January 2013 to December 2015 were selected for this study. They were randomly divided into three groups. Automatic repositioning procedure was conducted for 40 patients in the equipment repositioning group by SRM-IV vestibular function diagnosis and treatment system, conventional manual repositioning procedure was used for 40 patients in the manual repositioning group, and combination of treatment drugs (alprostadil and safflower injection) with acclimatization training was adopted in 40 patients in the drug therapy group...
May 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922574/autosomal-dominant-cerebellar-ataxias-imaging-biomarkers-with-high-effect-sizes
#8
Isaac M Adanyeguh, Vincent Perlbarg, Pierre-Gilles Henry, Daisy Rinaldi, Elodie Petit, Romain Valabregue, Alexis Brice, Alexandra Durr, Fanny Mochel
Objective: As gene-based therapies may soon arise for patients with spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA), there is a critical need to identify biomarkers of disease progression with effect sizes greater than clinical scores, enabling trials with smaller sample sizes. Methods: We enrolled a unique cohort of patients with SCA1 ( n  = 15), SCA2 ( n  = 12), SCA3 ( n  = 20) and SCA7 ( n  = 10) and 24 healthy controls of similar age, sex and body mass index. We collected longitudinal clinical and imaging data at baseline and follow-up (mean interval of 24 months)...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921144/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-parent-child-psychotherapy-targeting-emotion-development-for-early-childhood-depression
#9
Joan L Luby, Deanna M Barch, Diana Whalen, Rebecca Tillman, Kenneth E Freedland
OBJECTIVE: Clinical depression in children as young as age 3 has been validated, and prevalence rates are similar to the school-age disorder. Homotypic continuity between early and later childhood depression has been observed, with alterations in brain function and structure similar to those reported in depressed adults. These findings highlight the importance of identifying and treating depression as early as developmentally possible, given the relative treatment resistance and small effect sizes for treatments later in life...
June 20, 2018: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29917272/enhancing-the-effects-of-exfoliated-carbon-nanofibers-using-bone-morphogenetic-protein-in-a-rat-spinal-fusion-model
#10
Naoki Notani, Masashi Miyazaki, Masahiro Toyoda, Shozo Kanezaki, Toshinobu Ishihara, Hiroshi Tsumura
Exfoliated carbon nanofibers (ExCNFs) are expected to serve as excellent scaffolds for promoting and guiding bone-tissue regeneration. We aimed to enhance the effects of ExCNFs using bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) and examined their feasibility and safety in clinical applications using a rat spinal fusion model. Group I (n = 15) animals were implanted with the control carrier; Group II (n = 16) animals were implanted with carrier containing 1 μg ExCNFs; Group III (n = 16) animals were implanted with carrier containing 1 μg recombinant human (rh) BMP-2; and Group IV (n = 17) animals were implanted with carrier containing 1 μg rhBMP-2 and 1 μg ExCNFs...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916622/control-measurements-for-lasers-in-physiotherapy
#11
Rosanna Bivona, Alessandra Tomaselli, Francesco Frigerio
OBJECTIVES: In physical rehabilitation, is diffused the skin irradiation with near infrared laser at a fluence below 140 J/cm2, achieving a bio-stimulating effect that is due to the absorption of radiation in mitochondria rather than the simple heating of tissues. METHODS: In order to deliver radiation without thermal damage of the skin, are used radiation pulses which duration does not allow heat accumulation and propagation far from the irradiated target; this requires laser sources with average power below 10 W implying a safety classification as "potentially dangerous for eye and skin", or "class 4" according to the applicable international standards...
November 2017: Giornale Italiano di Medicina del Lavoro Ed Ergonomia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915500/evaluation-of-wet-cupping-therapy-on-the-arterial-and-venous-blood-parameters-in-healthy-arabian-horses
#12
Turke Shawaf, Wael El-Deeb, Jamal Hussen, Mahmoud Hendi, Shahab Al-Bulushi
Aim: Recently, the complementary therapies such as cupping and acupuncture are being used in veterinary medicine. This research was carried out to determine the effects of wet cupping therapy (Hijama) on the hematological and the biochemical parameters in the healthy Arabian horses for the first time. Materials and Methods: In this study, seven clinically healthy Arabian horses were randomly selected. Four points on the animal body were selected to perform the cupping therapy...
May 2018: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913980/the-manual-intervention-trial-mint-the-effect-of-various-combinations-of-naprapathic-manual-therapy-the-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Eva Skillgate, Lena Holm, Helene Schulte
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913743/somatocognitive-therapy-in-the-management-of-chronic-gynaecological-pain-a-review-of-the-historical-background-and-results-of-a-current-approach
#14
Gro Killi Haugstad, Unni Kirste, Siv Leganger, Elin Haakonsen, Tor S Haugstad
Historic background and development of our somatocognitive approach Mensendieck physiotherapy of the Oslo School is a tradition of physiotherapy founded by the American physician Bess Mensendieck, a contemporary and fellow student of Sigmund Freud at the Paris School of Neurology. It builds on the principles of functional anatomy and the theories of motor learning. We have further developed the theory and practice from this physiotherapy tradition, challenged by the enormous load of patients with longstanding, incapacitating pain on western health care systems, by seeking to incorporate inspirational ideas from body oriented dynamic psychotherapy and cognitive psychotherapy...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913088/development-of-therapist-adherence-in-relation-to-treatment-outcomes-of-adolescents-with-behavioral-problems
#15
Aurelie M C Lange, Rachel E A van der Rijken, Marc J M H Delsing, Jan J V Busschbach, Ron H J Scholte
Therapist adherence to the treatment manual is assumed to be crucial for adequate implementation and subsequent achievement of the intended, positive treatment outcomes. Although adherence has been mostly studied as a static factor, recent studies suggest that adherence might be dynamic and changes over time. We investigated how parent-perceived adherence to the multisystemic therapy (MST) model develops during treatment and how this development is related to treatment outcomes up to 18 months posttreatment, controlling for the effect of alliance...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912601/preliminary-efficacy-of-a-friendly-constraint-induced-therapy-friendly-cit-program-on-motor-and-psychosocial-outcomes-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#16
Yu-Lun Chen, Hao-Ling Chen, Jeng-Yi Shieh, Tien-Ni Wang
AIMS: Constraint-induced therapy (CIT) is effective, but concerns have been repeatedly raised regarding the generalizability, feasibility, and potentially intrusive nature of restraining a child's unimpaired upper limb. We examined the feasibility and efficacy of friendly-CIT, which uses home-based model, a caregiver-determined schedule, and gentle restraint, in children with cerebral palsy. METHODS: In a one-group pre-post intervention trial, 15 children (median of age = 8 years, 4 months) participated in 8 weeks of friendly-CIT (36 hours)...
June 18, 2018: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910759/a-pilot-study-of-the-effects-of-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-on-positive-affect-and-social-anxiety-symptoms
#17
Marlene V Strege, Deanna Swain, Lauren Bochicchio, Andrew Valdespino, John A Richey
Randomized controlled trials have demonstrated that mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) is efficacious in reducing residual depressive symptoms and preventing future depressive episodes (Kuyken et al., 2016). One potential treatment effect of MBCT may be improvement of positive affect (PA), due to improved awareness of daily positive events (Geschwind et al., 2011). Considering social anxiety disorder (SAD) is characterized by diminished PA (Brown et al., 1998; Kashdan, 2007), we sought to determine whether MBCT would reduce social anxiety symptoms, and whether this reduction would be associated with improvement of PA deficits...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910086/respiratory-physiotherapy-in-intensive-care-unit-bibliographic-review
#18
R Goñi-Viguria, E Yoldi-Arzoz, L Casajús-Sola, T Aquerreta-Larraya, P Fernández-Sangil, E Guzmán-Unamuno, B M Moyano-Berardo
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Patients in intensive care unit are susceptible to complications due to different causes (underlying disease, immobilisation, infection risk…) The current main intervention in order to prevent these complications is respiratory physiotherapy, a common practice for nurses on a daily basis. Therefore, we decided to carry out this bibliographic review to describe the most efficient respiratory physiotherapy methods for the prevention and treatment of lung complications in patients in intensive care, taking into account the differences between intubated and non-intubated patients...
June 14, 2018: Enfermería Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909888/ajcc-8ed-nodal-staging-does-not-predict-outcomes-in-surgically-managed-hpv-associated-oropharyngeal-cancer
#19
Kealan C Hobelmann, Michael C Topf, Voichita Bar-Ad, Adam J Luginbuhl, William M Keane, Joseph M Curry, David M Cognetti
OBJECTIVE: To assess the pathological outcomes of surgically-managed human papillomavirus (HPV) positive oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) using the 8th Edition of the American Joint Committee on Cancer Staging Manual (AJCC-8ed). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of 156 patients with previously untreated OPSCC who underwent primary TORS between March 2010 and February 2015 to evaluate the impact of the new AJCC-8ed pathologic staging system...
July 2018: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909882/interobserver-variations-in-the-delineation-of-target-volumes-and-organs-at-risk-and-their-impact-on-dose-distribution-in-intensity-modulated-radiation-therapy-for-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma
#20
Ying-Lin Peng, Li Chen, Guan-Zhu Shen, Ya-Ning Li, Ji-Jin Yao, Wei-Wei Xiao, Lin Yang, Shu Zhou, Jia-Xin Li, Wan-Qin Cheng, Ying Guan, Hai-Qun Xia, Shuai Liu, Chong Zhao, Xiao-Wu Deng
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to (a) assess the differences in the delineation of target volumes and organs-at-risk (OARs) by different physicians designing an intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) for nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) and (b) analyze the impact of these differences on the treatment plan optimization. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The planning target volumes (PTVs) and OARs for radiotherapy were manually delineated from computed tomography images of a patient with NPC, and a standard delineation was determined using the STAPLE algorithm of ABAS software...
July 2018: Oral Oncology
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