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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456984/the-efficacy-of-internet-based-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-on-the-anxiety-disorders-among-adolescent-girls
#1
Afsaneh Karbasi, Azadeh Haratian
Background: The prevalence of anxiety disorders among children and adolescents are found to be approximately between 8-12 and 5-10, respectively, and the long-lasting effects of such disorders can expose the sufferers to impairment and dysfunction in several areas of life the examples of which are poor educational performance, low self-esteem, and depression. The present study aims to evaluate the efficacy of internet-based, cognitive-behavioral therapy (ICBT) in treating the anxiety disorders among adolescent females...
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456442/the-effect-of-direction-specific-thoracic-spine-manipulation-on-the-cervical-spine-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Steve Karas, Megan J Olson Hunt, Bill Temes, Martin Thiel, Trenton Swoverland, Brett Windsor
Objectives: To determine the difference on neck outcomes with directional manipulation to the thoracic spine. There is evidence that thoracic spine manipulation is effective in treating patients with neck pain. However, there is no research that determines if the assessment of directional hypomobility and the selection of thrust direction offer improved outcomes. Methods: A total of 69 patients with cervical spine pain were randomly assigned to receive either a manipulation that was consistent with their thoracic spine motion loss (matched) or opposite their motion loss (unmatched)...
February 2018: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452295/what-types-of-treatment-are-provided-for-patients-with-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-a-retrospective-analysis-of-commercial-insurance
#3
Nancy A Baker, Joel Stevans, Lauren Terhorst, Allen M Haas, Yong-Fan Kuo, Soham Al Snih
BACKGROUND: Treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) in commercially insured patients across the spectrum of provider types has rarely been described. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe patterns of types of treatment for patients with CTS using a large commercial insurance database. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort descriptive study SETTING: Administrative health data from the Clinformatics® Datamart (OptumInsight, Eden Prairie, MN)...
February 13, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450843/detection-of-lung-contour-with-closed-principal-curve-and-machine-learning
#4
Tao Peng, Yihuai Wang, Thomas Canhao Xu, Lianmin Shi, Jianwu Jiang, Shilang Zhu
Radiation therapy plays an essential role in the treatment of cancer. In radiation therapy, the ideal radiation doses are delivered to the observed tumor while not affecting neighboring normal tissues. In three-dimensional computed tomography (3D-CT) scans, the contours of tumors and organs-at-risk (OARs) are often manually delineated by radiologists. The task is complicated and time-consuming, and the manually delineated results will be variable from different radiologists. We propose a semi-supervised contour detection algorithm, which firstly uses a few points of region of interest (ROI) as an approximate initialization...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449771/the-effectiveness-of-manual-physical-therapy-interventions-in-pediatric-patients-with-anterior-hip-pain-a-retrospective-study
#5
Mindy Galleher, Briana Crowe, Mitchell Selhorst
Objectives: The purposes of this study were to: (1) assess the benefit of adding manual therapy (MT) to physical therapy care in pediatric patients with anterior hip pain; (2) assess the relative risk of adverse reactions when MT is used; and (3) report the types of MT used. Methods: This study was a retrospective chart review of patients treated in a hospital-based sports medicine clinic. The charts of 201 patients (mean age = 14.23 ± 2.15 years) met the inclusion criteria and were reviewed...
December 2017: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449770/adverse-events-following-cervical-manipulative-therapy-consensus-on-classification-among-dutch-medical-specialists-manual-therapists-and-patients
#6
Hendrikus A Kranenburg, Sandra E Lakke, Maarten A Schmitt, Cees P Van der Schans
Objectives: To obtain consensus-based agreement on a classification system of adverse events (AE) following cervical spinal manipulation. The classification system should be comprised of clear definitions, include patients' and clinicians' perspectives, and have an acceptable number of categories. Methods: Design : A three-round Delphi study. Participants : Thirty Dutch participants (medical specialists, manual therapists, and patients) participated in an online survey...
December 2017: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449764/the-effect-of-manual-therapy-and-neuroplasticity-education-on-chronic-low-back-pain-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
Adriaan Louw, Kevin Farrell, Merrill Landers, Martin Barclay, Elise Goodman, Jordan Gillund, Sara McCaffrey, Laura Timmerman
Objective: To determine if a neuroplasticity educational explanation for a manual therapy technique will produce a different outcome compared to a traditional mechanical explanation. Methods: Sixty-two patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP) were recruited for the study. Following consent, demographic data were obtained as well as pain ratings for low back pain (LBP) and leg pain (Numeric Pain Rating Scale), disability (Oswestry Disability Index), fear-avoidance (Fear-Avoidance-Beliefs Questionnaire), forward flexion (fingertips-to-floor), and straight leg raise (SLR) (inclinometer)...
December 2017: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446174/comorbid-depressive-symptoms-and-self-esteem-improve-after-either-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-or-family-based-treatment-for-adolescent-bulimia-nervosa
#8
Fabiola Valenzuela, James Lock, Daniel Le Grange, Cara Bohon
This study examined the effect of family-based treatment for bulimia nervosa (FBT-BN) and cognitive behavioral therapy for adolescents (CBT-A) on depressive symptoms and self-esteem in adolescents with BN. Data were collected from 110 adolescents, ages 12-18, who met Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-Fourth Edition, text revision criteria for BN or partial BN. Participants were randomly assigned to FBT-BN or CBT-A and completed measures of depressive symptoms and self-esteem before and after treatment and at 6- and 12-month follow-up assessments...
February 15, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443408/vascular-access-for-red-blood-cell-exchange
#9
REVIEW
Zaher K Otrock, Suzanne R Thibodeaux, Ronald Jackups
Red blood cell exchange is the process of removing red blood cells from a patient and replacing them with donated blood using either automated or manual techniques. Red blood cell exchange is a well-recognized and effective therapy for many red blood cell-related diseases, especially sickle cell disease. However, decisions regarding the best methods for vascular access are not intuitive and must account for the patient's clinical condition, complication risks, and lifestyle, especially in the context of long-term vascular access...
February 2018: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439762/the-treatment-of-temporomandibular-joint-dislocation
#10
Ulla Prechel, Peter Ottl, Oliver M Ahlers, Andreas Neff
BACKGROUND: The estimated incidence of temporomandibular joint dislocation in Germany is at least 25/100 000 per year. A correct diagnosis and the initiation of appropriate treatment without delay are essential if permanent damage to the joint is to be avoided. METHODS: This review is based on pertinent publications retrieved by a systematic search in the PubMed, Cochrane, Embase, and ZB Med databases. RESULTS: The initial search yielded 24 650 hits; duplicates were removed and 136 studies were chosen for further analysis...
February 2, 2018: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435955/effects-of-manual-somatic-stimulation-on-the-autonomic-nervous-system-and-posture
#11
Giovanni Barassi, Rosa Grazia Bellomo, Camillo Di Giulio, Giuseppe Giannuzzo, Giuseppe Irace, Claudia Barbato, Raoul Saggini
Low back pain frequently involves a multifactorial etiology and requires medical attention. The aim of the study was to assess the associations among pain, posture, and autonomic nervous system function in patients with low back pain, using neuromuscular manual therapy versus a generic peripheral manual stimulation (back massage therapy). Twenty young patients with low back pain were enrolled into the study. The patients were randomly divided into two groups: treated with neuromuscular manual therapy performed after a specific structural evaluation and treated with back massage therapy...
February 13, 2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435591/effect-of-including-alcohol-and-cannabis-content-in-a-sexual-risk-reduction-intervention-on-the-incidence-of-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-adolescents-a-cluster-randomized-clinical-trial
#12
Angela D Bryan, Renee E Magnan, Arielle S Gillman, Elizabeth A Yeater, Sarah W Feldstein Ewing, Alberta S Kong, Sarah J Schmiege
Importance: Adolescents in the juvenile justice system are at high risk for sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Concurrent use of alcohol and cannabis increase this risk. Objective: To determine whether a theory-based sexual risk-reduction intervention that included alcohol- and cannabis-focused content resulted in greater reductions in STIs than an intervention that included alcohol-related content only and an intervention that did not include substance use content...
February 12, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435311/rising-incidence-and-prevalence-of-adult-eosinophilic-esophagitis-in-midwestern-spain-2007-2016
#13
Javier Molina-Infante, Pedro Luis Gonzalez-Cordero, Hal Cliff Ferreira-Nossa, Pilar Mata-Romero, Alfredo J Lucendo, Angel Arias
Objectives: Epidemiologic studies on eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) are scarce and patient responders to proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy have usually been excluded. We aimed to evaluate population-based incidence rates, prevalence and trends in adult EoE over the past decade, including responders to PPI therapy. Methods: We conducted an analysis of a prospectively established case registry in the health area of Cáceres, located in midwestern Spain. From the first EoE case diagnosed in 2007, endoscopy and pathology reports up to December 2016 were manually reviewed...
February 2018: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434456/does-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-therapy-increase-voluntary-muscle-strength-after-spinal-cord-injury-a-systematic-review
#14
Gabriel Ribeiro de Freitas, Camila Szpoganicz, Jocemar Ilha
Background: Physical therapists frequently use neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) therapy in an effort to increase the voluntary strength of partially paralyzed muscles in people with spinal cord injury (SCI), but it is not clear whether this treatment is effective. Objective: To determine the effectiveness of NMES for increasing voluntary strength in the partially paralyzed muscles of people with SCI. Methods: A systematic review of scientific literature was conducted in MEDLINE, CINAHL, PEDro, ScienceDirect, and Embase...
2018: Topics in Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433500/effects-of-local-treatment-with-and-without-sensorimotor-and-balance-exercise-in-individuals-with-neck-pain-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Munlika Sremakaew, Gwendolen Jull, Julia Treleaven, Marco Barbero, Deborah Falla, Sureeporn Uthaikhup
BACKGROUND: Impaired cervical joint position sense and balance are associated with neck pain. Specific therapeutic exercise and manual therapy are effective for improving neck pain and functional ability but their effects on joint position sense and balance impairments remain uncertain. Changes in the joint position sense and balance may need to be addressed specifically. The primary objective is to investigate the most effective interventions to improve impaired cervical joint position sense and balance in individuals with neck pain...
February 13, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431275/burst-spinal-cord-stimulation-review-of-preclinical-studies-and-comments-on-clinical-outcomes
#16
REVIEW
Krishnan Chakravarthy, Alexander R Kent, Adil Raza, Fang Xing, Thomas M Kinfe
BACKGROUND: Burst spinal cord stimulation (SCS) technology uses a novel waveform that consists of closely packed high-frequency electrical impulses followed by a quiescent period. Within the growing field of neuromodulation, burst stimulation is unique in that it mimics the natural burst firing of the nervous system, in particular the thalamo-cingulate rhythmicity, resulting in modulation of the affective and attentional components of pain processing (e.g., medial thalamic pathways). STUDY DESIGN: A review of preclinical and clinical studies regarding burst SCS for various chronic pain states...
February 12, 2018: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428926/immediate-changes-after-manual-therapy-in-patients-with-persistent-nonspecific-back-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Gemma Victoria Espí-López, Maria-Arantzazu Ruescas-Nicolau, M Luz Sanchez-Sanchez, Anna Arnal-Gómez, Mercè Balasch-Bernat, Elena Marques-Sule
Context • Thoracic manipulation decreases pain and disability. However, when such manipulation is contraindicated, the use of other manual techniques based on the regional interdependence of the thoracic spine, upper ribs, and shoulders is an alternative approach. Objective • The study intended to investigate the immediate changes resulting from 3 manual therapy treatments on spinal mobility, flexibility, comfort, and pain perception in patients with persistent, nonspecific back pain as well as changes in their sense of physical well-being and their perception of change after treatment...
February 10, 2018: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426941/microfluidic-channel-optimization-to-improve-hydrodynamic-dissociation-of-cell-aggregates-and-tissue
#18
Xiaolong Qiu, Jen-Huang Huang, Trisha M Westerhof, Jeremy A Lombardo, Katrina M Henrikson, Marissa Pennell, Pedram P Pourfard, Edward L Nelson, Pulak Nath, Jered B Haun
Maximizing the speed and efficiency at which single cells can be liberated from tissues would dramatically advance cell-based diagnostics and therapies. Conventional methods involve numerous manual processing steps and long enzymatic digestion times, yet are still inefficient. In previous work, we developed a microfluidic device with a network of branching channels to improve the dissociation of cell aggregates into single cells. However, this device was not tested on tissue specimens, and further development was limited by high cost and low feature resolution...
February 9, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426394/feasibility-of-a-manualized-occupation-based-diabetes-management-intervention
#19
Kristine M Carandang, Elizabeth A Pyatak
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the feasibility and acceptability of an occupational therapy intervention targeting diabetes management for underserved young adults. METHOD: Eight participants completed the intervention and a battery of assessments at baseline and after the intervention. At completion, the participants and occupational therapist were interviewed about their experiences with the study. Four categories of assessment questions were used to guide the study: process, resource, management, and scientific...
March 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424787/major-depressive-disorder-longitudinal-analysis-of-impact-on-clinical-and-behavioural-outcomes-in-uganda
#20
Eugene Kinyanda, Jonathan Levin, Noeline Nakasujja, Harriet Birabwa, Juliet Nakku, Richard Mpango, Heiner Grosskurth, Soraya Seedat, Ricardo Araya, Maryam Shahmanesh, Vikram Patel
BACKGROUND: There is still wide variability in HIV disease course and other HIV related outcomes, attributable in part to psychosocial factors such as major depressive disorder (MDD), a subject that has received little attention in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: Using a longitudinal cohort of 1099 HIV positive antiretroviral therapy (ART) naïve persons, we investigated the impact of MDD on four HIV related negative outcome domains in Uganda. MDD was assessed using a Diagnostic Statistical Manual IV based tool...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
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