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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923257/-principles-of-psychodynamic-group-psychotherapy
#1
Bernhard Strauß
This paper describes different historical developments of the application of psychodynamic treatments within groups and shows some factors reflecting significant influences on the outcome of group psychotherapy such as the structure of the group or group dynamics. It can be assumed that psychodynamic group therapies are characterized by a specific formal change theory as well as related therapeutic factors. Based upon a manual developed within a Norwegian study, general principles of psychodynamic group psychotherapy, differences between short- and long-term groups and specific interventions are introduced...
December 2016: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921113/-musculoskeletal-related-chest-pain
#2
C Sturm, T Witte
BACKGROUND: Approximately 10-50% of chest pains are caused by musculoskeletal disorders. The association is twice as frequent in primary care as in emergency admissions. AIM: This article provides an overview of the most important musculoskeletal causes of chest pain and on the diagnostics and therapy. METHODS: A selective search and analysis of the literature related to the topic of musculoskeletal causes of chest pain were carried out. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Non-inflammatory diseases, such as costochondritis and fibromyalgia are frequent causes of chest pain...
December 5, 2016: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919404/individualized-metacognitive-therapy-for-delusions-a-randomized-controlled-rater-blind-study
#3
Christina Andreou, Charlotte E Wittekind, Martina Fieker, Ulrike Heitz, Ruth Veckenstedt, Francesca Bohn, Steffen Moritz
BACKGROUND: Theory-driven interventions targeting specific factors that contribute to delusions are receiving increased interest. The present study aimed to assess the efficacy of individualized metacognitive therapy (MCT+), a short manualized intervention that addresses delusion-associated cognitive biases. METHODS: 92 patients with current or past delusions were randomized to receive 12 twice-weekly sessions of either MCT+ or a control intervention within a randomized controlled rater-blind design...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919234/blended-cbt-versus-face-to-face-cbt-a-randomised-non-inferiority-trial
#4
Kim Mathiasen, Tonny E Andersen, Heleen Riper, Annet A M Kleiboer, Kirsten K Roessler
BACKGROUND: Internet based cognitive behavioural therapy (iCBT) has been demonstrated to be cost- and clinically effective. There is a need, however, for increased therapist contact for some patient groups. Combining iCBT with traditional face-to-face (ftf) consultations in a blended format (B-CBT) may produce a new treatment format with multiple benefits from both traditional CBT and iCBT such as individual adaptation, lower costs than traditional therapy, wide geographical and temporal availability, and possibly lower threshold to implementation...
December 5, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918190/quasi-experimental-evaluation-of-the-impact-of-a-cognitive-behavioral-pretreatment-intervention-for-veterans-seeking-psychotherapy
#5
Rebecca Lusk, Mark Lyubkin, Stephen T Chermack, Michelle L Sanborn, Nicholas W Bowersox
Pretreatment interventions have documented efficacy for reducing initial therapy refusal and early therapy departure. However, these interventions have not been well-studied in diagnostically diverse patient populations or within Veterans Affairs (VA) health care settings. We designed a manualized 4-session group cognitive-behavioral therapy-based pretreatment intervention (PTI) for a diagnostically diverse population of Veterans referred for psychotherapy in a general mental health clinic (MHC) in a large VA hospital...
December 2016: Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917874/discovery-synthesis-biological-evaluation-and-structure-based-optimization-of-novel-piperidine-derivatives-as-acetylcholine-binding-protein-ligands
#6
Jian Shen, Xi-Cheng Yang, Ming-Cheng Yu, Li Xiao, Xun-Jie Zhang, Hui-Jiao Sun, Hao Chen, Guan-Xin Pan, Yu-Rong Yan, Si-Chen Wang, Wei Li, Lu Zhou, Qiong Xie, Lin-Qian Yu, Yong-Hui Wang, Li-Ming Shao
The homomeric α7 nicotinic receptor (α7 nAChR) is widely expressed in the human brain that could be activated to suppress neuroinflammation, oxidative stress and neuropathic pain. Consequently, a number of α7 nAChR agonists have entered clinical trials as anti-Alzheimer's or anti-psychotic therapies. However, high-resolution crystal structure of the full-length α7 receptor is thus far unavailable. Since acetylcholine-binding protein (AChBP) from Lymnaea stagnalis is most closely related to the α-subunit of nAChRs, it has been used as a template for the N-terminal domain of α-subunit of nAChR to study the molecular recognition process of nAChR-ligand interactions, and to identify ligands with potential nAChR-like activities...
December 5, 2016: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917518/dental-implant-loss-in-older-versus-younger-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-prospective-studies
#7
REVIEW
Daniel Isaac Sendyk, Emanuel da Silva Rovai, Claudio Mendes Pannuti, Maria Cristina Zindel Deboni, Wilson Roberto Sendyk, Ann Wennerberg
The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate implant loss in younger and older patients. An electronic search of four databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, SCOPUS and the Cochrane Library) was undertaken until May 2016 without time restriction and was supplemented by manual searching. Prospective cohorts were included if they met the following criteria: (1) presence of an exposed group (older subjects) with a minimum age of 60 years; (2) presence of a control group (younger subjects) with a maximum age of 59 years; and (3) outcome data considering implant survival or loss...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913929/-inpatient-multimodal-pain-therapy-additive-value-of-neuromuscular-core-stability-exercises-for-chronic-back-pain
#8
F Giesche, H Streicher, M Maiwald, P Wagner
INTRODUCTION: The medical and healthcare economic burden caused by chronic lumbar back pain (CLBP) requires the use of interdisciplinary treatment approaches. The present study aimed to evaluate whether the effectiveness of inpatient multimodal pain therapy (MPT, operations and procedures (OPS) coding 8-918.02), can be increased by implementing additional neuromuscular core stability exercises (NCSE). MATERIAL AND METHODS: As part of a prospective controlled study, subjects with CLBP (n = 48, 17 males, 58...
December 2, 2016: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911133/changes-in-cervical-movement-impairment-and-pain-following-orofacial-treatment-in-patients-with-chronic-arthralgic-temporomandibular-disorder-with-pain-a-prospective-case-series
#9
Francis Grondin, Toby Hall
The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of isolated temporomandibular joint (TMJ) manual therapy on pain and range of motion (ROM) of the TMJ and cervical spine including flexion-rotation test (FRT) in people suffering chronic pain arising from chronic arthralgic temporomandibular disorder (TMD). An experienced clinician managed a case series of 12 patients with TMD (mean duration 28.6 months +/- 26.9). The intervention comprised four-weekly sessions of transverse medial accessory TMJ mobilization and advice...
December 2, 2016: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906705/arterial-pressure-variation-in-elective-noncardiac-surgery-identifying-reference-distributions-and-modifying-factors
#10
Michael R Mathis, Samuel A Schechtman, Milo C Engoren, Amy M Shanks, Aleda Thompson, Sachin Kheterpal, Kevin K Tremper
BACKGROUND: Assessment of need for intravascular volume resuscitation remains challenging for anesthesiologists. Dynamic waveform indices, including systolic and pulse pressure variation, are demonstrated as reliable measures of fluid responsiveness for mechanically ventilated patients. Despite widespread use, real-world reference distributions for systolic and pulse pressure variation values have not been established for euvolemic intraoperative patients. The authors sought to establish systolic and pulse pressure variation reference distributions and assess the impact of modifying factors...
December 1, 2016: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905172/recommendations-for-pathologic-staging-ptnm-of-cancer-of-the-esophagus-and-esophagogastric-junction-for-the-8th-edition-ajcc-uicc-staging-manuals
#11
T W Rice, H Ishwaran, W L Hofstetter, D P Kelsen, C Apperson-Hansen, E H Blackstone
We report analytic and consensus processes that produced recommendations for pathologic stage groups (pTNM) of esophageal and esophagogastric junction cancer for the AJCC/UICC cancer staging manuals, 8th edition. The Worldwide Esophageal Cancer Collaboration provided data for 22,654 patients with epithelial esophageal cancers; 13,300 without preoperative therapy had pathologic assessment after esophagectomy or endoscopic treatment. Risk-adjusted survival for each patient was developed using random survival forest analysis to identify data-driven pathologic stage groups wherein survival decreased monotonically with increasing group, was distinctive between groups, and homogeneous within groups...
November 2016: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905170/recommendations-for-neoadjuvant-pathologic-staging-yptnm-of-cancer-of-the-esophagus-and-esophagogastric-junction-for-the-8th-edition-ajcc-uicc-staging-manuals
#12
Thomas W Rice, Hemant Ishwaran, David P Kelsen, Wayne L Hofstetter, Carolyn Apperson-Hansen, Eugene H Blackstone
We report analytic and consensus processes that produced recommendations for neoadjuvant pathologic stage groups (ypTNM) of esophageal and esophagogastric junction cancer for the AJCC/UICC cancer staging manuals, 8th edition. The Worldwide Esophageal Cancer Collaboration provided data for 22,654 patients with epithelial esophageal cancers; 7,773 had pathologic assessment after neoadjuvant therapy. Risk-adjusted survival for each patient was developed. Random forest analysis identified data-driven neoadjuvant pathologic stage groups wherein survival decreased monotonically with increasing group, was distinctive between groups, and homogeneous within groups...
November 2016: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903951/a-management-algorithm-for-retained-rectal-foreign-bodies
#13
Shamir O Cawich, Dexter A Thomas, Fawwaz Mohammed, Nahmorah J Bobb, Dorothy Williams, Vijay Naraynsingh
Few authors have proposed therapeutic protocols to manage retained rectal foreign bodies (RFBs). All patients with retained RFBs in hospitals across Trinidad and Tobago over 5 years were identified. Hospital records were retrieved and manually reviewed to extract the following data: demographics, history, foreign body retrieved, clinical signs at presentation, management strategy, duration of hospitalization, and morbidity and mortality. There were 10 patients with RFBs over the study period. The annual incidence of this phenomenon was 0...
November 29, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903263/estimating-the-accuracy-of-muscle-response-testing-two-randomised-order-blinded-studies
#14
Anne M Jensen, Richard J Stevens, Amanda J Burls
BACKGROUND: Manual muscle testing (MMT) is a non-invasive assessment tool used by a variety of health care providers to evaluate neuromusculoskeletal integrity, and muscular strength in particular. In one form of MMT called muscle response testing (MRT), muscles are said to be tested, not to evaluate muscular strength, but neural control. One established, but insufficiently validated, application of MRT is to assess a patient's response to semantic stimuli (e.g. spoken lies) during a therapy session...
November 30, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898277/editorial-therapeutic-factors-in-treatment-of-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#15
Richard C Friedman, Jennifer I Downey
In this issue of Psychodynamic Psychiatry, Michael Stone discusses therapeutic factors in the treatment of patients with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD). He emphasizes the great diversity of borderline patients and points out that a number of manual-based therapies, each described by an acronym, generally achieve positive therapeutic results in the short term. Many borderline patients require years of psychotherapy, pharmacotherapy and additional treatments, however. Stone observes that patients with this disorder invariably have other personality characteristics and disorders...
2016: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897326/exploring-the-effectiveness-of-combined-mentalization-based-group-therapy-and-dialectical-behaviour-therapy-for-inpatients-with-borderline-personality-disorder-a-pilot-study
#16
Marc-Andreas Edel, Vanessa Raaff, Giancarlo Dimaggio, Anna Buchheim, Martin Brüne
OBJECTIVES: Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is characterized by emotional instability, interpersonal dysfunction, and other features that typically develop before a background of insecure attachment and traumatic experiences. Dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT) has proven highly effective in reducing self-harm and improving emotion regulation, whereby problems concerning social cognition, which are also characteristic of BPD, may need additional approaches such as mentalization-based treatment (MBT)...
November 29, 2016: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897048/a-rapid-cell-expansion-process-for-production-of-engineered-autologous-car-t-cell-therapies
#17
Tangying Lily Lu, Omar Pugach, Robert P T Somerville, Steven A Rosenberg, James N Kochenderfer, Marc Better, Steven A Feldman
The treatment of B cell malignancies by adoptive cell transfer (ACT) of anti-CD19 chimeric antigen receptor T cells (CD19 CAR-T) has proven to be a highly successful therapeutic modality in several clinical trials<sup>1-6</sup>. The anti-CD19 CAR T cell production method used to support initial trials relied on numerous manual, open process steps, cell culture media supplemented with human serum and 10 days of cell culture to achieve a clinical dose <sup>7</sup>. This approach limited the ability to support large multicenter clinical trials, as well as scale-up for commercial cell production...
November 29, 2016: Human Gene Therapy Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893512/flap-designs-for-flap-advancement-during-implant-therapy-a-systematic-review
#18
Alexandra B Plonka, Rachel A Sheridan, Hom-Lay Wang
PURPOSE: Guided bone regeneration (GBR) procedures allow ridge augmentation before or at time of implant placement. GBR outcomes rely on primary passive tension-free wound closure, which may be achieved by a variety of flap designs and surgical procedures. A comprehensive literature review of flap design and management is provided, including material types, incision design, reflection, releasing, and suturing techniques. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two reviewers completed a literature search using the PubMed database and a manual search of relevant journals...
November 23, 2016: Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891436/platelet-rich-plasma-efficacy-in-treating-trophic-ulcers-in-leprosy
#19
V Anandan, W Afthab Jameela, P Saraswathy, S Sarankumar
INTRODUCTION: Trophic ulcers secondary to leprosy pose a great stigma to the patients and remain a challenge to the treating dermatologists. The discovery of Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) with its favourable role in wound healing is a boon for the patients. PRP introduces the growth factors directly into the wound and aids in rapid healing. AIM: To study the efficacy and safety of PRP in the healing of trophic ulcers secondary to Hansen's disease in a tertiary care centre in Southern India...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889288/quiet-dissent-the-attitudes-beliefs-and-behaviours-of-uk-osteopaths-who-reject-low-back-pain-guidance-a-qualitative-study
#20
Joanna Figg-Latham, Dévan Rajendran
INTRODUCTION: Clinical guidelines are derived from best research evidence and aim to: improve quality of non-specific low back pain (nsLBP) management and identify patients at risk of suffering chronic pain. However, guideline discordant attitudes and beliefs have been identified in healthcare students and practitioners, including osteopaths. DESIGN: A qualitative approach with elements of grounded theory was used to explore underlying attitudes and beliefs of practitioners/students working in a British osteopathic education institution...
October 18, 2016: Manual Therapy
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