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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650309/open-loop-glucose-control-automatic-iob-based-super-bolus-feature-for-commercial-insulin-pumps
#1
Nicolás Rosales, Hernán De Battista, Josep Vehí, Fabricio Garelli
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Although there has been significant progress towards closed-loop type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) treatments, most diabetic patients still treat this metabolic disorder in an open-loop manner, based on insulin pump therapy (basal and bolus insulin infusion). This paper presents a method for automatic insulin bolus shaping based on insulin-on-board (IOB) as an alternative to conventional bolus dosing. METHODS: The methodology presented allows the pump to generate the so-called super-bolus (SB) employing a two-compartment IOB dynamic model...
June 2018: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649888/factors-affecting-occupational-therapists-decision-to-join-their-regional-professional-association-facteurs-influen%C3%A3-ant-la-d%C3%A3-cision-des-ergoth%C3%A3-rapeutes-de-joindre-les-rangs-de-leur-association-professionnelle-r%C3%A3-gionale
#2
Angelica N Reyes, Cary A Brown
BACKGROUND: Voluntary occupational therapy organizations fill an important role. However, recruitment and retention can be problematic. Little is known about factors influencing occupational therapists to join/maintain membership in professional associations. PURPOSE: This study investigated factors influencing occupational therapists' decision to join/remain members of their association. METHOD: An electronic survey was carried out and data were analyzed using SPSS software and manual categorization of open-ended comments...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. Revue Canadienne D'ergothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628063/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-is-associated-with-enhanced-cognitive-control-network-activity-in-major-depression-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#3
Zhen Yang, Desmond J Oathes, Kristin A Linn, Steven E Bruce, Theodore D Satterthwaite, Philip A Cook, Emma K Satchell, Haochang Shou, Yvette I Sheline
BACKGROUND: Both major depressive disorder (MDD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are characterized by depressive symptoms, abnormalities in brain regions important for cognitive control, and response to cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). However, whether a common neural mechanism underlies CBT response across diagnoses is unknown. METHODS: Brain activity during a cognitive control task was measured using functional magnetic resonance imaging in 104 participants: 28 patients with MDD, 53 patients with PTSD, and 23 healthy control subjects; depression and anxiety symptoms were determined on the same day...
April 2018: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626140/military-application-of-mechanical-cpr-devices-a-pressing-requirement
#4
EDITORIAL
Iain T Parsons, A T Cox, P S C Rees
Maintaining high-quality chest compressions during cardiopulmonary resuscitation following cardiac arrest presents a challenge. The currently available mechanical CPR (mCPR) devices are described in this review, coupled with an analysis of the evidence pertaining to their efficacy. Overall, mCPR appears to be at least equivalent to high-quality manual CPR in large trials. There is potential utility for mCPR devices in the military context to ensure uninterrupted quality CPR following a medical cardiac arrest...
April 6, 2018: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625957/development-and-feasibility-testing-of-internet-delivered-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-for-severe-health-anxiety-pilot-study
#5
Ditte Hoffmann, Charlotte Ulrikka Rask, Erik Hedman-Lagerlöf, Brjánn Ljótsson, Lisbeth Frostholm
BACKGROUND: Severe health anxiety (hypochondriasis), or illness anxiety disorder according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition, is characterized by preoccupation with fear of suffering from a serious illness in spite of medical reassurance. It is a debilitating, prevalent disorder associated with increased health care utilization. Still, there is a lack of easily accessible specialized treatment for severe health anxiety. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this paper were to (1) describe the development and setup of a new internet-delivered acceptance and commitment therapy (iACT) program for patients with severe health anxiety using self-referral and a video-based assessment; and (2) examine the feasibility and potential clinical efficacy of iACT for severe health anxiety...
April 6, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625508/automated-office-blood-pressure-measurement
#6
REVIEW
Martin G Myers
Manual blood pressure (BP) recorded in routine clinical practice is relatively inaccurate and associated with higher readings compared to BP measured in research studies in accordance with standardized measurement guidelines. The increase in routine office BP is the result of several factors, especially the presence of office staff, which tends to make patients nervous and also allows for conversation to occur. With the disappearance of the mercury sphygmomanometer because of environmental concerns, there is greater use of oscillometric BP recorders, both in the office setting and elsewhere...
April 2018: Korean Circulation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624208/gemcitabine-based-chemotherapy-for-advanced-biliary-tract-carcinomas
#7
REVIEW
Omar Abdel-Rahman, Zeinab Elsayed, Hesham Elhalawani
BACKGROUND: Biliary tract cancers are a group of rare heterogeneous malignant tumours. They include intrahepatic and extrahepatic cholangiocarcinomas, gallbladder carcinomas, and ampullary carcinomas. Surgery remains the optimal modality of therapy leading to long-term survival for people diagnosed with resectable biliary tract carcinomas. Unfortunately, most people with biliary tract carcinomas are diagnosed with either unresectable locally-advanced or metastatic disease, and they are only suitable for palliative chemotherapy or supportive care...
April 6, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620635/effects-of-fixed-orthodontic-brackets-on-oral-malodor-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-according-to-the-preferred-reporting-items-for-systematic-reviews-and-meta-analyses-guidelines
#8
Jing Huang, Cui-Ying Li, Jiu-Hui Jiang
BACKGROUND: This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to identify whether there is any relationship between fixed orthodontic appliances and malodor, and if self-ligating brackets (SLBs) prevent malodor better than conventional brackets (CBs). METHODS: The electronic databases PubMed, Ovid, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library were searched from inception to September 2016; a manual search was also performed. Randomized controlled and clinical controlled trials, in which experimental groups received fixed orthodontic therapy and malodor was measured, were included...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616446/biomechanics-based-graph-matching-for-augmented-ct-cbct
#9
Jaime Garcia Guevara, Igor Peterlik, Marie-Odile Berger, Stéphane Cotin
PURPOSE: Augmenting intraoperative cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images with preoperative computed tomography data in the context of image-guided liver therapy is proposed. The expected benefit is an improved visualization of tumor(s), vascular system and other internal structures of interest. METHOD: An automatic elastic registration based on matching of vascular trees extracted from both the preoperative and intraoperative images is presented. Although methods dedicated to nonrigid graph matching exist, they are not efficient when large intraoperative deformations of tissues occur, as is the case during the liver surgery...
April 3, 2018: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616088/retrospective-screening-of-microarray-data-to-identify-candidate-ifn-inducible-genes-in-a-htlv-1-transformed-model
#10
Alaa Refaat, Mohamed Owis, Sherif Abdelhamed, Ikuo Saiki, Hiroaki Sakurai
HuT-102 cells are considered one of the most representable human T-lymphotropic virus 1 (HTLV-1)-infected cell lines for studying adult T-cell lymphoma (ATL). In our previous studies, genome-wide screening was performed using the GeneChip system with Human Genome Array U133 Plus 2.0 for transforming growth factor-β-activated kinase 1 (TAK1)-, interferon regulatory factor 3 (IRF3)- and IRF4-regulated genes to demonstrate the effects of interferon-inducible genes in HuT-102 cells. Our previous findings demonstrated that TAK1 induced interferon inducible genes via an IRF3-dependent pathway and that IRF4 has a counteracting effect...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614982/how-to-customize-a-bona-fide-psychotherapy-for-generalized-anxiety-disorder-a-two-arms-patient-blinded-abab-crossed-therapist-randomized-clinical-implementation-trial-design-implement-2-0
#11
Christoph Flückiger, Christine Wolfer, Judith Held, Peter Hilpert, Julian Rubel, Mathias Allemand, Richard E Zinbarg, Andreea Vîslă
BACKGROUND: Bona fide psychotherapy approaches are effective treatments for generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) compared to no-treatment conditions. Treatment manuals and protocols allow a relatively high degree of freedom for the way therapists implement these overall treatment packages and there is a systematic lack of knowledge on how therapists should customize these treatments. The present study experimentally examines two implementation strategies of customizing a bona fide psychotherapy approach based on a 16 session time-limited cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) protocol and their relation to the post-session and ultimate treatment outcomes...
April 3, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609944/movement-and-manual-therapy-for-adults-with-arthritis-2012-national-health-interview-survey
#12
Elise Pure, Lauren Terhorst, Nancy Baker
BACKGROUND: The use of manual therapies (chiropractic manipulation, massage) and movement therapies (yoga, tai chi) by people with arthritis may relate to their personal characteristics, and the reported emotional and physical health outcomes may differ by type of therapy. OBJECTIVES: To describe personal characteristics and predictors of manual and movement therapy use for people with arthritis, and to compare the use of manual versus movement therapy to improve physical and emotional health outcomes for people with arthritis...
April 2018: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609941/development-and-validation-of-a-tool-to-evaluate-inpatient-beliefs-expectations-and-attitudes-toward-reflexology-ibear-16
#13
Samuel Attias, Elad Schiff, Zahi Arnon, Eran Ben-Arye, Yael Keshet, Gideon Sroka, Ibrahim Matter, Lital Keinan Boker
BACKGROUND: The integration of manual therapies, including reflexology, into conventional care settings is growing extensively. Patients' beliefs, attitudes and expectations toward these therapies interact with their outcomes, but currently there are no validated tools to evaluate these factors. We aimed to design and to validate such a tool specifically targeted into reflexology. METHODS: Following input of a multidisciplinary team of experts, the self-administered Inpatient Beliefs, Expectations and Attitudes toward Reflexology (IBEAR) questionnaire was constructed, containing 25 items, 8 referring to demographics and 17 specifically addressing reflexology...
April 2018: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609698/vmat2-inhibitors-new-drugs-for-the-treatment-of-tardive-dyskinesia
#14
Anne P Kim, Danial E Baker, Terri L Levien
OBJECTIVE: To provide a review of tardive dyskinesia (TD) symptoms, etiology, pathophysiology, and treatments. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Web of Science, ClinicalTrials. gov, and Google Scholar were searched for relevant literature using a combination of the following terms: tardive dyskinesia, treatment, management, guidelines, tetrabenazine, deutetrabenazine, and valbenazine. Sources were limited to human data. STUDY SELECTION/DATA EXTRACTION: Articles were reviewed for relevance to TD therapy...
April 1, 2018: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609630/rationale-and-design-for-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-anxiety-disorders-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Tina R Kilburn, Merete Juul Sørensen, Mikael Thastum, Ronald M Rapee, Charlotte Ulrikka Rask, Kristian Bech Arendt, Per Hove Thomsen
BACKGROUND: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is found in approximately 1% of the population and includes core symptoms that affect general and social development. Beside these core symptoms, it is suggested that up to 60% of children with ASD suffer from comorbid anxiety disorders which may further affect educational, social and general development as well as quality of life. The main goal of this study is to examine the effectiveness of a manualized cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) anxiety program adapted for children with ASD...
April 2, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608038/physical-therapy-needs-for-patients-with-physical-function-injuries-post-earthquake-disasters-a-systematic-review-of-chinese-and-western-literature
#16
Hao Li, John Nyland, Katrina Kuban, Justin Givens
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Over the last 500 years, the most earthquakes with 10,000 or more fatalities and the most overall fatalities have occurred in China. Physical therapists must develop a better understanding of the patient and injury types that they are likely to treat post-earthquake disasters. This systematic review of Chinese and Western literature identified the primary patients treated by physical therapists post-earthquake disasters for injuries that negatively impacted physical function, activity, and participation...
April 2, 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607766/the-physiotherapy-for-femoroacetabular-impingement-rehabilitation-study-physiofirst-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Joanne L Kemp, Sally L Coburn, Denise M Jones, Kay M Crossley
Study Design A pilot double-blind randomized controlled trial (RCT). Background The effectiveness of physical therapy for femoroacetabular impingement syndrome (FAIS) is unknown. Objectives To determine the feasibility of an RCT investigating the effectiveness of a physical therapy intervention for FAIS. Methods Participants were 17 women and 7 men (mean ± SD age, 37 ± 8 years; body mass index, 25.4 ± 3.4 kg/m2 ) with FAIS who received physical therapy interventions provided over 12 weeks. The FAIS-specific physical therapy group received personalized progressive strengthening and functional retraining...
April 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606227/complexities-with-group-therapy-facilitation-in-substance-use-disorder-specialty-treatment-settings
#18
Dennis C Wendt, Joseph P Gone
In spite of increased attention to research-based interventions for substance use disorders (SUDs), a formidable research-practice gap impedes the implementation of evidence-based treatments (EBTs). An underappreciated dimension of this gap is a mismatch in treatment modality: Whereas clinical trial and implementation research has focused primarily on individual therapy, the majority of SUD specialty treatment is in group format, with open-enrolling groups being most common. This study aims to narrow this research-practice gap by exploring clinicians' perspectives on complexities with group therapy facilitation in SUD specialty treatment settings...
May 2018: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606224/individual-versus-group-female-specific-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-alcohol-use-disorder
#19
Elizabeth E Epstein, Barbara S McCrady, Kevin A Hallgren, Ayorkor Gaba, Sharon Cook, Noelle Jensen, Thomas Hildebrandt, Cathryn Glanton Holzhauer, Mark D Litt
OBJECTIVES: To test group-based Female-Specific Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (G-FS-CBT) for women with Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD) against an individual Female-Specific Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (I-FS-CBT). This aims of this paper are to describe G-FS-CBT development, content, feasibility, acceptability, group process, engagement in treatment, and within- and post-treatment outcomes. METHODS: Women with AUD (n=155) were randomly assigned to 12 manual-guided sessions of G-FS-CBT or I-FS-CBT; 138 women attended at least one treatment session...
May 2018: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606129/adherence-intervention-for-hiv-infected-persons-who-use-drugs-adaptation-open-trial-and-pilot-randomized-hybrid-type-1-trial-protocol
#20
Kasey Claborn, Sara Becker, Don Operario, Steve Safren, Josiah D Rich, Susan Ramsey
BACKGROUND: HIV-infected people who use drugs (PWUD) exhibit the highest rates of non-adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) among people living with HIV. This contributes to poor treatment outcomes, increased morbidity and mortality, and HIV transmission. However, current interventions fail to address the unique barriers to adherence faced by this population. Life Steps is a brief, single session intervention that demonstrated increased ART adherence among HIV-infected individuals...
April 2, 2018: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
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