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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448176/child-and-adolescent-adherence-with-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-anxiety-predictors-and-associations-with-outcomes
#1
Phyllis Lee, Asima Zehgeer, Golda S Ginsburg, James McCracken, Courtney Keeton, Philip C Kendall, Boris Birmaher, Dara Sakolsky, John Walkup, Tara Peris, Anne Marie Albano, Scott Compton
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for anxiety disorders is effective, but nonadherence with treatment may reduce the benefits of CBT. This study examined (a) four baseline domains (i.e., demographic, youth clinical characteristics, therapy related, family/parent factors) as predictors of youth adherence with treatment and (b) the associations between youth adherence and treatment outcomes. Data were from 279 youth (7-17 years of age, 51.6% female; 79.6% White, 9% African American), with Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447531/treatment-of-foot-varicose-veins-a-study-of-119-consecutive-patients
#2
Luiz Fernando Albernaz, Daiane Taís Schlindwein Albernaz, Fernanda Rita Machado Zignani, Yung-Wei Chi
Objective To analyze the outcomes of 119 (188 feet) patients undergoing foot varicose vein phlebectomy with and without sclerotherapy between 2013 and 2015. Methods Legs and feet were treated in one single procedure. Clinical and ultrasound assessments were carried out at 7, 30, and 90 days for visualization of the sapheno-femoral and sapheno-popliteal junctions and the deep vein system. Results Mean age was 50 ± 12 years (25-79 years); 67 patients were female (56.3%). Median venous clinical severity score was 4 (range 2-5) before and 1 (range 0-2) at 90 days ( p < 0...
January 1, 2017: Phlebology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441294/effects-of-myofascial-release-in-nonspecific-chronic-low-back-pain-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#3
María D Arguisuelas, Juan Francisco Lisón, Daniel Sánchez-Zuriaga, Isabel Martínez-Hurtado, Julio Doménech-Fernández
STUDY DESIGN: Double-blind, randomized parallel sham-controlled trial with concealed allocation and intention-to treat analysis. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of an isolate myofascial release (MFR) protocol on pain, disability, and fear-avoidance beliefs in patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: MFR is a form of manual medicine widely used by physiotherapists in the management of different musculoskeletal pathologies...
May 1, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439712/cochrane-in-corr-%C3%A2-manual-therapy-and-exercise-for-rotator-cuff-disease
#4
Moin Khan, Jon J P Warner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436155/the-mobius-airo-mobile-ct-for-image-guided-proton-therapy-characterization-commissioning
#5
Jasmine A Oliver, Omar A Zeidan, Sanford L Meeks, Amish P Shah, Jason Pukala, Patrick Kelly, Naren R Ramakrishna, Twyla R Willoughby
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to characterize the Mobius AIRO Mobile CT System for localization and image-guided proton therapy. This is the first known application of the AIRO for proton therapy. METHODS: Five CT images of a Catphan(®) 504 phantom were acquired on the AIRO Mobile CT System, Varian EDGE radiosurgery system cone beam CT (CBCT), Philips Brilliance Big Bore 16 slice CT simulator, and Siemens SOMATOM Definition AS 20 slice CT simulator. DoseLAB software v...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435339/compulsive-exercise-links-risks-and-challenges-facedent
#6
REVIEW
Mia Beck Lichtenstein, Cecilie Juul Hinze, Bolette Emborg, Freja Thomsen, Simone Daugaard Hemmingsen
Compulsive exercise is a condition described since 1970s. It is characterized by a craving for physical training, resulting in uncontrollable excessive exercise behavior with harmful consequences, such as injuries and impaired social relations. It has not been accepted as a mental disorder in either International Classification of Diseases or Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. The aim of this literature review was to critically examine the research on links (comorbidity), risks (negative consequences), and challenges faced (problems in a treatment context)...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433524/an-analysis-of-knowledge-based-planning-for-stereotactic-body-radiation-therapy-of-the-spine
#7
Joseph J Foy, Robin Marsh, Randall K Ten Haken, Kelly C Younge, Matthew Schipper, Yilun Sun, Dawn Owen, Martha M Matuszak
PURPOSE: Planning for spine stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) is time consuming, and differences in planner experience and technique result in discrepancies in plan quality between facilities. Here, knowledge-based planning is analyzed to determine if it may be effective in improving the quality and efficiency of spine SBRT planning. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-eight spine SBRT cases were collected from the University of Michigan database and inverse planned to deliver 3 10-Gy fractions to the planning target volume (PTV)...
March 2, 2017: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431589/t2-relaxometry-helps-prognosticate-seizure-outcome-in-patients-with-solitary-cerebral-cysticercosis
#8
Aaron de Souza, Atchayaram Nalini, Jitender Saini, Kandavel Thennarasu
OBJECTIVE: Correlate serial T2 relaxometry (T2R) values with long term seizure outcome in patients with solitary cerebral cysticercosis (SCC) in order to establish its usefulness as a prognostic marker in these patients. METHODS: Patients with new-onset seizures due to SCC were imaged serially using a pre-determined MRI protocol at enrolment and after 3, 6, 12 and 24months. T2 relaxometry was performed using a dual echo sequence with maps generated manually from the measured image intensities at the level of the lesion...
May 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431488/core-vocabulary-of-young-children-with-down-syndrome
#9
Stijn R J M Deckers, Yvonne Van Zaalen, Hans Van Balkom, Ludo Verhoeven
The aim of this study was to develop a core vocabulary list for young children with intellectual disabilities between 2 and 7 years of age because data from this population are lacking in core vocabulary literature. Children with Down syndrome are considered one of the most valid reference groups for researching developmental patterns in children with intellectual disabilities; therefore, spontaneous language samples of 30 Dutch children with Down syndrome were collected during three different activities with multiple communication partners (free play with parents, lunch- or snack-time at home or at school, and speech therapy sessions)...
June 2017: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431054/the-variability-of-automated-qrs-duration-measurement
#10
Vlastimil Vancura, Dan Wichterle, Ivan Ulc, Jirí Šmíd, Marek Brabec, Marta Zárybnická, Richard Rokyta
Aims: Previous studies have demonstrated substantial variability in manual assessment of QRS complex duration (QRSd). Disagreements in QRSd measurements were also found in several automated algorithms tested on digitized electrocardiogram (ECG) recordings. The aim of our study was to investigate the variability of automated QRSd measurements performed by two commercially available electrocardiographs. Methods and Results: Two GE MAC 5000 (GE-1 and GE-2) electrocardiographs and two Mortara ELI 350 (Mortara-1 and Mortara-2) electrocardiographs were used in the study...
April 1, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429142/national-clinical-guidelines-for-non-surgical-treatment-of-patients-with-recent-onset-low-back-pain-or-lumbar-radiculopathy
#11
REVIEW
Mette Jensen Stochkendahl, Per Kjaer, Jan Hartvigsen, Alice Kongsted, Jens Aaboe, Margrethe Andersen, Mikkel Ø Andersen, Gilles Fournier, Betina Højgaard, Martin Bach Jensen, Lone Donbæk Jensen, Ture Karbo, Lilli Kirkeskov, Martin Melbye, Lone Morsel-Carlsen, Jan Nordsteen, Thorvaldur Skuli Palsson, Zoreh Rasti, Peter Frost Silbye, Morten Zebitz Steiness, Simon Tarp, Morten Vaagholt
PURPOSE: To summarise recommendations about 20 non-surgical interventions for recent onset (<12 weeks) non-specific low back pain (LBP) and lumbar radiculopathy (LR) based on two guidelines from the Danish Health Authority. METHODS: Two multidisciplinary working groups formulated recommendations based on the GRADE approach. RESULTS: Sixteen recommendations were based on evidence, and four on consensus. Management of LBP and LR should include information about prognosis, warning signs, and advise to remain active...
April 20, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428111/reproductive-healthcare-experiences-of-women-with-cerebral-palsy
#12
Katharine Hayward, Angela Y Chen, Elizabeth Forbes, Rachel Byrne, Marcia B Greenberg, Eileen G Fowler
BACKGROUND: Little is known about pregnancy rates in women with disabilities in general and even less is known about women with child-onset disabilities such as cerebral palsy (CP). HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesized that discussions about pregnancy with healthcare providers and pregnancy rates for woman with CP would be related to their functional levels. METHODS: Survey methodology was used to gather information about demographics, function, whether women were asked about their desire for children, pregnancy outcomes, and services offered during pregnancy and postpartum...
April 5, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427472/optimising-conservative-management-of-chronic-low-back-pain-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
Katherine J Simson, Clint T Miller, Jon Ford, Andrew Hahne, Luana Main, Timo Rantalainen, Wei-Peng Teo, Megan Teychenne, David Connell, Guy Trudel, Guoyan Zheng, Gary Thickbroom, Daniel L Belavy
BACKGROUND: Lower back pain is a global health issue affecting approximately 80% of people at some stage in their life. The current literature suggests that any exercise is beneficial for reducing back pain. However, as pain is a subjective evaluation and physical deficits are evident in low back pain, using it as the sole outcome measure to evaluate superiority of an exercise protocol for low back pain treatment is insufficient. The overarching goal of the current clinical trial is to implement two common, conservative intervention approaches and examine their impact on deficits in chronic low back pain...
April 20, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423782/developing-a-manually-annotated-corpus-of-clinical-letters-for-breast-cancer-patients-on-routine-follow-up
#14
Graham Pitson, Patricia Banks, Lawrence Cavedon, Karin Verspoor
This paper introduces the annotation schema and annotation process for a corpus of clinical letters describing the disease course and treatment of oestrogen receptor positive breast cancer patients, after completion of primary surgery and radiotherapy treatment. Concepts related to therapy, clinical signs, and recurrence, as well as relationships linking these, are identified and annotated in 200 letters. This corpus will provide the basis for development of natural language processing tools for automatic extraction of key clinical factors from such letters...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422845/response-to-benzodiazepines-and-the-clinical-course-in-malignant-catatonia-associated-with-schizophrenia-a-case-report
#15
Kazutaka Ohi, Aki Kuwata, Takamitsu Shimada, Toshiki Yasuyama, Yusuke Nitta, Takashi Uehara, Yasuhiro Kawasaki
BACKGROUND: Malignant catatonia (MC) is a disorder consisting of catatonic symptoms, hyperthermia, autonomic instability, and altered mental status. Neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) caused by antipsychotics is considered a variant of MC. Benzodiazepine (BZD) medications are safe and effective treatments providing rapid relief from MC. This case study reports a detailed clinical course of a case of MC associated with schizophrenia initially diagnosed as NMS that responded successfully to BZDs but not to dantrolene...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417318/patient-and-healthcare-professionals-preference-for-brenzys-vs-enbrel-autoinjector-for-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-randomized-crossover-simulated-use-study
#16
Marc Egeth, Jennifer Soosaar, Peter Nash, Denis Choquette, Ricardo Infante, Dena Rosen Ramey, Sevag Sahakian, Angela Lai, Jin Ju Kim, David Wu
INTRODUCTION: Brenzys was developed as an etanercept biosimilar of Enbrel. The aim of this study was to assess preference and perceived ease of use for the new Brenzys autoinjector compared to the currently available marketed Enbrel MYCLIC autoinjector (Australia) and Enbrel SureClick autoinjector (Canada) for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Because RA affects manual dexterity, ease of use of an autoinjector is a particularly important consideration in developing effective self-delivery of long-term courses of therapy...
April 17, 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413900/efficacy-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-with-and-without-medication-for-adults-with-adhd
#17
Mariya V Cherkasova, Lisa R French, Cassidy A Syer, Lorne Cousins, Harry Galina, Yasaman Ahmadi-Kashani, Lily Hechtman
OBJECTIVE: Recent trials have demonstrated efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) in medicated adults with ADHD. Efficacy of CBT in unmedicated versus medicated adults remains mostly unknown. We evaluated the effects of group CBT alone versus combined with medication on ADHD symptoms and functional outcomes in adult patients. METHOD: Eighty-eight adults with ADHD received 12 manualized group CBT sessions, accompanied by individual coaching, either without ( n = 46) or with ( n = 42) medication...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411963/using-a-knowledge-based-planning-solution-to-select-patients-for-proton-therapy
#18
Alexander R Delaney, Max Dahele, Jim P Tol, Ingrid T Kuijper, Ben J Slotman, Wilko F A R Verbakel
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Patient selection for proton therapy by comparing proton/photon treatment plans is time-consuming and prone to bias. RapidPlan™, a knowledge-based-planning solution, uses plan-libraries to model and predict organ-at-risk (OAR) dose-volume-histograms (DVHs). We investigated whether RapidPlan, utilizing an algorithm based only on photon beam characteristics, could generate proton DVH-predictions and whether these could correctly identify patients for proton therapy...
April 12, 2017: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410343/patient-understanding-of-the-risks-and-benefits-of-biologic-therapies-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-insights-from-a-large-scale-analysis-of-social-media-platforms
#19
Bibiana Martinez, Francis Dailey, Christopher V Almario, Michelle S Keller, Mansee Desai, Taylor Dupuy, Sasan Mosadeghi, Cynthia Whitman, Karen Lasch, Lyann Ursos, Brennan M R Spiegel
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients' knowledge and understanding of biologic therapies outside traditional surveys. Here, we used social media data to examine IBD patients' understanding of the risks and benefits associated with biologic therapies and how this affects decision-making. METHODS: We collected posts from Twitter and e-forum discussions from >3000 social media sites posted between June 27, 2012 and June 27, 2015...
April 13, 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409510/combined-osteopathy-and-exercise-management-of-achilles-tendinopathy-in-an-athlete-a-case-report
#20
Georgia Ross, Chris Macfarlane, Brett Vaughan
Mid-portion Achilles tendinopathy is a common injury in sporting populations. There is conflicting evidence about the best approach to conservative management. This report focuses on the rehabilitation of an Achilles tendinopathy utilising osteopathic manual therapy (OMT) and a structured exercise program in a semi-professional volleyballer. The patient presented with a 4-month history of right mid-portion Achilles tendon pain that begun after a lateral inversion sprain of the right ankle. The primary complaint was pain impacting the patients vertical jump performance...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
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