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Oligohydramnios Doppler

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707395/fetal-sirenomelia-associated-with-an-abdominal-cyst-originating-from-a-saccular-cloaca
#1
Yui Kinjo, Hitoshi Masamoto, Hayase Nitta, Tadatsugu Kinjo, Tomoko Tamaki, Naoki Yoshimi, Yoichi Aoki
A 40-year-old pregnant woman presented with a fetal abdominal cyst and oligohydramnios. Color Doppler scan revealed a single blood vessel from the fetal aorta into a single umbilical artery. Severe oligohydramnios limited ultrasonographic evaluation of the fetal lower limbs, kidneys, or bladder. The pregnancy was terminated; the fetus showed fused lower limbs, bulging abdomen, and absent external genitalia and was diagnosed with type III sirenomelia. On autopsy, no normal bladder was observed, but duodenal atresia, anorectal atresia, and right renal agenesis were found...
2018: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533957/in-utero-partial-exchange-transfusion-combined-with-in-utero-blood-transfusion-for-prenatal-management-of-twin-anemia-polycythemia-sequence
#2
Mert Ozan Bahtiyar, Emre Ekmekci, Emine Demirel, Roxanna A Irani, Joshua A Copel
Monochorionic twin pregnancies are at risk of unique complications due to placental sharing and vascular connections between placental territories assigned for each twin. Twin anemia-polycythemia sequence (TAPS) is an infrequent but potentially dangerous complication of abnormal placental vascular connections. TAPS occurs due to very-small-caliber (< 1 mm) abnormal placental vascular connections which lead to chronic anemia in the donor twin and polycythemia in the recipient twin. TAPS may occur spontaneously or following fetoscopic laser photocoagulation of communicating placental vessels for twin-twin transfusion syndrome...
March 13, 2018: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462812/survival-rate-without-brain-abnormalities-on-postnatal-ultrasonography-among-monochorionic-twins-after-fetoscopic-laser-photocoagulation-for-selective-intrauterine-growth-restriction-with-concomitant-oligohydramnios
#3
Keisuke Ishii, Seiji Wada, Mayumi Takano, Masahiko Nakata, Takeshi Murakoshi, Haruhiko Sago
INTRODUCTION: We aimed to clarify the survival rate without brain abnormalities (BA) after fetoscopic laser photoco-agulation (FLP) for monochorionic diamniotic twin gestations (MCDA) with selective intrauterine growth restriction (sIUGR) accompanied by abnormal umbilical artery (UA) Doppler waveforms and isolated oligohydramnios in the sIUGR twin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 52 cases that underwent FLP. The main outcome was survival rate without BA of the twins at age 28 days...
February 20, 2018: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436080/fetoscopic-laser-photocoagulation-for-twin-twin-transfusion-syndrome
#4
Haruhiko Sago, Keisuke Ishii, Rika Sugibayashi, Katsusuke Ozawa, Masahiro Sumie, Seiji Wada
The aim of this study was to review fetoscopic laser photocoagulation (FLP), which ablates placental vascular anastomoses to treat twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS). A review of studies reporting on the procedures, outcomes, complications and nonconventional applications of FLP for TTTS was conducted. FLP has been established as the primary treatment for monochorionic twin pregnancy associated with TTTS at 16-26 weeks. FLP is the only therapy that directly addresses the underlying pathophysiology. The recent technique modification of FLP, referred to as the 'Solomon technique', induces selective coagulation to connect the anastomoses ablation sites and has been introduced to reduce residual anastomoses...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298455/preterm-preeclampsia-with-severe-features-composite-maternal-and-neonatal-morbidities-associated-with-fetal-growth-restriction
#5
Olaide Ashimi Balogun, Raminder K Khanagura, Heather R Kregel, Farah H Amro, Baha M Sibai, Suneet P Chauhan
OBJECTIVE:  The objective of this study was to compare adverse pregnancy outcomes between fetuses with estimated fetal weight (EFW) < 10 to > 10% in women with preterm preeclampsia (PE) with severe features. MATERIALS AND METHODS:  All women with preterm PE with severe features and nonanomalous singletons with EFW were identified at a tertiary center. Women with oligohydramnios or absent/reversed umbilical Doppler velocimetry were excluded. Using multivariable analysis, we compared the composite maternal and neonatal morbidities (CMM and CNM) between those with appropriate for gestational age (AGA) fetal growth, defined as EFW at 10 to 90th versus those with fetal growth restriction (FGR), defined as EFW < 10th percentile for gestational age (GA)...
January 3, 2018: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287298/polyhydramnios-affecting-a-recipient-like-twin-risk-of-progression-to-twin-twin-transfusion-syndrome-and-outcomes
#6
Erin E Washburn, Teresa N Sparks, Kristen A Gosnell, Larry Rand, Juan M Gonzalez, Vickie A Feldstein
OBJECTIVE:  The significance of polyhydramnios of one twin in the absence of oligohydramnios of the cotwin in monochorionic diamniotic (MCDA) twin pregnancies (polyhydramnios affecting a recipient-like twin [PART]) is unknown. Our aim is to assess the risk of progression to twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) with PART, progression to ≥ stage II TTTS, and neonatal survival. STUDY DESIGN:  This study was a retrospective cohort study of MCDA twin pregnancies with PART evaluated at a referral center from 2008 to 2015...
March 2018: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503847/addition-of-color-doppler-sonography-for-detection-of-amniotic-fluid-disturbances-and-its-implications-on-perinatal-outcomes
#7
Imelda N Odibo, Brianna S Whittemore, Dawn S Hughes, Pamela M Simmons, Songthip T Ounpraseuth, Everett F Magann
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether color Doppler sonography increases the detection of pregnancies at risk for adverse outcomes. METHODS: Participants admitted to labor and delivery with the anticipation of a vaginal delivery underwent measurements of amniotic fluid volume (AFV) using amniotic fluid index (AFI) and single deepest pocket (SDP) techniques by grayscale followed by color Doppler sonography. Oligohydramnios was defined as an AFI of less than 5 cm or an SDP of less than 2 cm...
September 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490415/maternal-and-perinatal-characteristics-of-small-for-gestational-age-newborns-ten-year-experience-of-a-single-center
#8
Nihal Şahin Uysal, Çağrı Gülümser, Filiz Bilgin Yanık
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the maternal and perinatal characteristics of small-for-gestational-age (SGA) newborns compared with appropriate-for-gestational-age (AGA) newborns in singleton pregnancies managed at our hospital between January 2006 and December 2015. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study (n=456) and control (n=4925) groups included pregnancies resulting in SGA and AGA newborns, respectively. Additionally, two SGA subgroups were defined according to abnormal (n=34) and normal (n=57) Doppler findings...
June 1, 2017: Journal of the Turkish German Gynecological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756534/antenatal-fetal-surveillance-assessment-of-the-afv
#9
REVIEW
Dawn S Hughes, Everett F Magann
The evaluation of amniotic fluid volume (AFV) is an established part of the antenatal surveillance of pregnancies at risk for an adverse pregnancy outcome. The two most commonly used ultrasound techniques to estimate AFV are the amniotic fluid index (AFI) and the single deepest pocket (SDP). Four studies have defined normal AFVs, and although their normal volumes have similarities, there are also differences primarily due to the statistical methodology used in each study. Dye-determined AFV correlates with ultrasound estimates for normal fluid volumes but correlates poorly for oligohydramnios and polyhydramnios...
January 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27563258/sildenafil-citrate-for-the-management-of-fetal-growth-restriction-and-oligohydramnios
#10
Rana Choudhary, Kavita Desai, Hetal Parekh, Kedar Ganla
Fetal growth restriction (FGR) and preeclampsia are the major causes of neonatal morbidity and mortality, which affect up to 8% of all pregnancies. The pathogenesis in FGR is an abnormal trophoblastic invasion leading to compromised uteroplacental circulation. However, in spite of this understanding and identification of high-risk patients, the management options are limited. There are some new studies which have demonstrated the role of sildenafil citrate in improving vasodilatation of small myometrial vessels and therefore improvement in amniotic fluid index, fetal weight, and even uterine and umbilical artery Doppler patterns...
2016: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27238719/clustering-and-classical-analysis-of-clinical-and-placental-phenotypes-in-fetal-growth-restriction-and-constitutional-fetal-smallness
#11
Jerzy Stanek, Jacek Biesiada
This study aims to determine whether placental examination can be used to distinguish between pathologic fetal growth restriction (FGR) and constitutional fetal smallness. Data were extracted from a clinicoplacental database of high risk pregnancies during the period 1994-2013. These data were used to compare the 590 consecutive cases having birth weights below the 10th percentile with the 5201 remaining cases having gestational ages ≥20 weeks. The authors analyzed 20 clinical and 46 placental phenotypes using classical statistics, clustering analysis, and multidimensional scaling...
2016: Placenta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27049175/maternal-serum-ferritin-as-a-clinical-tool-at-34-36-weeks-gestation-for-distinguishing-subgroups-of-fetal-growth-restriction
#12
Mehmet Ozgur Akkurt, Iltac Akkurt, Metin Altay, Bora Coskun, Salim Erkaya, Mekin Sezik
OBJECTIVE: To compare maternal ferritin levels across pregnancies with fetal growth restriction including SGA and IUGR compared to appropriate for gestational age (AGA). METHODS: Three groups were enrolled: AGA, SGA (birth weight below 10th percentile for gestational age with no placental insufficiency findings), and IUGR (birth weight below 5th percentile for gestational age accompanied by abnormal umbilical artery Doppler waveforms and/or oligohydramnios). Maternal serum ferritin samples were obtained at gestational weeks 34 through 36, and delivery occurred at or beyond 36 weeks...
February 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26983702/association-of-coexisting-morphological-umbilical-cord-abnormality-and-clinical-cord-compromise-with-hypoxic-and-thrombotic-placental-histology
#13
Jerzy Stanek
To assess the usefulness and limitations of placental histology when morphological umbilical cord (UC) abnormality coexists with clinical UC compromise, 5634 consecutive placentas were divided into four groups and statistically compared: group 1-182 placentas from pregnancies with clinical features of UC compromise (variable decelerations, UC entanglement, prolapse, or true knot at delivery); group 2-1355 placentas with abnormal UC morphology or insertion; group 3-152 placentas with at least one phenotype from group 1 and one from group 2; group 4-3945 placentas with no clinical or morphological UC-related phenotypes (control group)...
June 2016: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26891726/renal-failure-from-birth-aki-or-ckd-questions
#14
Sean Carter, Abhijit Dixit, Andrew Lunn, Anjum Deorukhkar, Martin Christian
A case is presented of a neonate born at 32 weeks of gestation with intra-uterine growth retardation. The renal scan performed at 31 weeks showed oligohydramnios but normal kidneys. The neonate was oliguric from birth and required early peritoneal dialysis. Her urine showed heavy proteinuria, and the plasma albumin was very low. Post-natal ultrasonography showed large bright kidneys with reduced corticomedullary differentiation but no dysplastia; arterial and venous flow was normal on Doppler ultrasound. The quiz discusses the differential diagnosis with particular reference to whether this picture represents acute kidney injury with expected improvement or chronic kidney disease...
December 2016: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26827875/atypical-twin-to-twin-transfusion-syndrome-prevalence-in-a-population-undergoing-fetoscopic-laser-ablation-of-communicating-placental-vessels
#15
Bettina Paek, Melissa Dorn, Martin Walker
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) usually relies the presence of polyhydramnios in one sac with concomitant oligohydramnios in the other sac in a monochorionic diamniotic twin pregnancy. However, TTTS does not always show a linear progression and may present with cardiac compromise or critically abnormal Doppler velocimetry in either fetus before fluid measurements meet the typically used cutoff. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of atypical presentations of TTTS in a population undergoing laser fetoscopy...
July 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26700988/maternal-and-fetal-risk-factors-affecting-perinatal-mortality-in-early-and-late-fetal-growth-restriction
#16
Oya Demirci, Selçuk Selçuk, Pınar Kumru, Mehmet Reşit Asoğlu, Didar Mahmutoğlu, Barış Boza, Gürcan Türkyılmaz, Zafer Bütün, Resul Arısoy, Bülent Tandoğan
OBJECTIVE: To determine the factors which affect the perinatal deaths in early and late fetal growth restriction (FGR) fetuses using threshold of estimated fetal weight (EFW) < 5(th) percentile. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included singleton 271 FGR fetuses, defined as an EFW < 5(th) percentile. All fetuses considered as growth restrictions were confirmed by birth weight. Fetuses with multiple pregnancy, congenital malformation, chromosomal abnormality, and premature rupture of membrane were excluded...
December 2015: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26369752/feasibility-and-preliminary-outcomes-of-fetoscopic-laser-photocoagulation-for-monochorionic-twin-gestation-with-selective-intrauterine-growth-restriction-accompanied-by-severe-oligohydramnios
#17
Keisuke Ishii, Masahiko Nakata, Seiji Wada, Takeshi Murakoshi, Haruhiko Sago
AIM: This study aimed to clarify the feasibility and perinatal outcomes of fetoscopic laser photocoagulation (FLP) for monochorionic twin gestation with selective intrauterine growth restriction (sIUGR) accompanied by both abnormal umbilical artery Doppler waveforms and isolated severe oligohydramnios of the sIUGR twin. METHODS: In this prospective clinical trial, which included 10 cases with absent or reversed end-diastolic flow in the umbilical artery and severe oligohydramnios of the sIUGR twin, the main outcomes investigated were the feasibility of FLP and the rate of severe FLP-related maternal complications...
November 2015: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26259909/dichorionic-twin-ultrasound-surveillance-sonography-every-4-weeks-significantly-underperforms-sonography-every-2-weeks-results-of-the-prospective-multicenter-esprit-study
#18
MULTICENTER STUDY
Siobhan Corcoran, Fionnuala Breathnach, Gerard Burke, Fionnuala McAuliffe, Michael Geary, Sean Daly, John Higgins, Alyson Hunter, John J Morrison, Shane Higgins, Rhona Mahony, Patrick Dicker, Elizabeth Tully, Fergal D Malone
OBJECTIVE: A 2-week ultrasound scanning schedule for monochorionic twins is endorsed widely. There is a lack of robust data to inform a schedule for the surveillance of dichorionic gestations. We aimed to determine how ultrasound scanning that is performed at 2- or 4-week intervals (or every 4 weeks before 32 weeks' gestation and every 2 weeks thereafter) may impact the prenatal detection of fetal growth restriction (FGR) and ultimately influence timing of delivery. STUDY DESIGN: In a consecutive cohort of 789 dichorionic twin pregnancies that were recruited prospectively for the multicenter Evaluation of Sonographic Predictors of Restricted Growth in Twins study, ultrasound determination of fetal growth and interrogation of umbilical and middle cerebral artery Doppler scans were performed every 2 weeks from 24 weeks' gestation until delivery...
October 2015: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25826778/diagnostic-accuracy-of-placental-growth-factor-and-ultrasound-parameters-to-predict-the-small-for-gestational-age-infant-in-women-presenting-with-reduced-symphysis-fundus-height
#19
MULTICENTER STUDY
M Griffin, P T Seed, L Webster, J Myers, L MacKillop, N Simpson, D Anumba, A Khalil, M Denbow, A Sau, K Hinshaw, P von Dadelszen, S Benton, J Girling, C W G Redman, L C Chappell, A H Shennan
OBJECTIVES: To assess the diagnostic accuracy of placental growth factor (PlGF) and ultrasound parameters to predict delivery of a small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infant in women presenting with reduced symphysis-fundus height (SFH). METHODS: This was a multicenter prospective observational study recruiting 601 women with a singleton pregnancy and reduced SFH between 24 and 37 weeks' gestation across 11 sites in the UK and Canada. Plasma PlGF concentration < 5(th) centile, estimated fetal weight (EFW) < 10(th) centile, umbilical artery Doppler pulsatility index > 95(th) centile and oligohydramnios (amniotic fluid index < 5 cm) were compared as predictors for a SGA infant < 3(rd) customized birth-weight centile and adverse perinatal outcome...
August 2015: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25792571/do-doppler-studies-enhance-surveillance-of-uncomplicated-monochorionic-diamniotic-twins
#20
Cara Pessel, Audrey Merriam, Kavita Vani, Sara G Brubaker, Noelia Zork, Yuan Zhang, Lynn L Simpson, Cynthia Gyamfi-Bannerman, Russell Miller
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether isolated abnormal Doppler indices before 28 weeks predict adverse pregnancy outcomes in uncomplicated monochorionic diamniotic (MCDA) twins. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of MCDA twin pregnancies receiving antenatal testing at a single center between 2007 and 2013 was conducted. Sonographic surveillance, including Doppler velocimetric studies of the umbilical artery, ductus venosus, and middle cerebral artery of each twin, was initiated by 28 weeks and repeated at least every 2 weeks...
April 2015: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
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