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Toddler development

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447305/a-discrepancy-in-comprehension-and-production-in-early-language-development-in-asd-is-it-clinically-relevant
#1
Meghan M Davidson, Susan Ellis Weismer
This study examined the extent to which a discrepant comprehension-production profile (i.e., relatively more delayed comprehension than production) is characteristic of the early language phenotype in autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and tracked the developmental progression of the profile. Our findings indicated that a discrepant comprehension-production profile distinguished toddlers (30 months) with ASD from late talkers without ASD (91% sensitivity, 100% specificity) in groups that were comparable on expressive language, age, and socioeconomic status...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431557/the-effect-of-vitamin-b12-supplementation-in-nepalese-infants-on-growth-and-development-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Tor A Strand, Manjeswori Ulak, Ram K Chandyo, Ingrid Kvestad, Mari Hysing, Merina Shrestha, Sudha Basnet, Suman Ranjitkar, Laxman Shrestha, Prakash S Shrestha
BACKGROUND: Vitamin B12 deficiency is one of the most common micronutrient deficiencies and is associated with poor cognitive development and growth. Vitamin B12 is crucial for normal cell division and differentiation, and it is necessary for the development and myelination of the central nervous system. The aim of the present study is to measure the effect of daily supplementation of vitamin B12 on the neurodevelopment and growth of young children in Nepal. METHODS/DESIGN: We are conducting an individually randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial with 600 marginally stunted children 6-11 months old (length for age less than -1 z-score)...
April 21, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431488/core-vocabulary-of-young-children-with-down-syndrome
#3
Stijn R J M Deckers, Yvonne Van Zaalen, Hans Van Balkom, Ludo Verhoeven
The aim of this study was to develop a core vocabulary list for young children with intellectual disabilities between 2 and 7 years of age because data from this population are lacking in core vocabulary literature. Children with Down syndrome are considered one of the most valid reference groups for researching developmental patterns in children with intellectual disabilities; therefore, spontaneous language samples of 30 Dutch children with Down syndrome were collected during three different activities with multiple communication partners (free play with parents, lunch- or snack-time at home or at school, and speech therapy sessions)...
June 2017: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427039/low-dose-growth-hormone-treatment-in-infants-and-toddlers-with-prader-willi-syndrome-is-comparable-to-higher-dosage-regimens
#4
Elly Scheermeyer, Mark Harris, Ian Hughes, Patricia A Crock, Geoffrey Ambler, Charles F Verge, Phil Bergman, George Werther, Maria E Craig, Catherine S Choong, Peter S W Davies
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate benefit and risk of low dose growth hormone treatment (GHT, 4.5mg/m(2)/week) in very young children with Prader-Willi Syndrome (PWS). DESIGN: Prospective longitudinal clinical intervention. METHODS: We evaluated 31 infants (aged 2-12months) and 42 toddlers (13-24months) from the PWS-OZGROW database for height, weight and BMI using the World Health Organization standard deviation scores (SDSWHO) and PWS specific BMI (SDSPWS), bone age, insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-I) levels and adverse events over 3years of GHT...
March 24, 2017: Growth Hormone & IGF Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411449/prenatal-concentrations-of-perfluoroalkyl-substances-and-early-communication-development-in-british-girls
#5
Zuha Jeddy, Terryl J Hartman, Ethel V Taylor, Cayla Poteete, Katarzyna Kordas
Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS), found in many household products and classed as endocrine disrupting chemicals, can be transferred through the placenta and are associated with multiple developmental deficits in offspring. Using data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC), we investigated the association between intrauterine exposure to PFAS and early communication development in 432 mother-daughter dyads at 15 and 38months of age. Concentrations of perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), perfluorooctanoate (PFOA), perfluorohexane sulfonate (PFHxS), and perfluorononanoate (PFNA) were measured in maternal serum collected during pregnancy...
April 12, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407535/exploring-parental-behavior-and-child-interactive-engagement-a-study-on-children-with-a-significant-cognitive-and-motor-developmental-delay
#6
Ines Van Keer, Stephy Colla, Karla Van Leeuwen, Carla Vlaskamp, Eva Ceulemans, Karel Hoppenbrouwers, Annemie Desoete, Bea Maes
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Parenting factors are one of the most striking gaps in the current scientific literature on the development of young children with significant cognitive and motor disabilities. We aim to explore the characteristics of, and the association between, parental behavior and children's interactive engagement within this target group. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Twenty-five parent-child dyads (with children aged 6-59 months) were video-taped during a 15-min unstructured play situation...
April 10, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406474/daily-touchscreen-use-in-infants-and-toddlers-is-associated-with-reduced-sleep-and-delayed-sleep-onset
#7
Celeste H M Cheung, Rachael Bedford, Irati R Saez De Urabain, Annette Karmiloff-Smith, Tim J Smith
Traditional screen time (e.g. TV and videogaming) has been linked to sleep problems and poorer developmental outcomes in children. With the advent of portable touchscreen devices, this association may be extending down in age to disrupt the sleep of infants and toddlers, an age when sleep is essential for cognitive development. However, this association has not been demonstrated empirically. This study aims to examine whether frequency of touchscreen use is associated with sleep in infants and toddlers between 6 and 36 months of age...
April 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401847/enhancing-executive-functioning-among-toddlers-in-foster-care-with-an-attachment-based-intervention
#8
Teresa Lind, K Lee Raby, E B Caron, Caroline K P Roben, Mary Dozier
Young children in foster care often experience adversity, such as maltreatment and lack of stability in early caregiving relationships. As a result, these children are at risk for a range of problems, including deficits in executive functioning. The Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-up for Toddlers (ABC-T) intervention was designed to help foster parents behave in ways that promote the development of young children's emerging self-regulatory capabilities. Participants included 173 parent-toddler dyads in three groups: foster families that were randomly assigned to receive either the ABC-T intervention (n = 63) or a control intervention (n = 58), as well as low-risk parent-toddler dyads from intact families (n = 52)...
May 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401842/testing-the-limits-extending-attachment-based-intervention-effects-to-infant-cognitive-outcome-and-parental-stress
#9
Karine Dubois-Comtois, Chantal Cyr, George M Tarabulsy, Diane St-Laurent, Annie Bernier, Ellen Moss
Using a sample of 41 infants and toddlers (21 interventions, 20 controls) who were neglected or at serious risk for neglect, this randomized clinical trial examined the efficacy of a parent-child attachment-based video-feedback intervention on parental sensitivity, parental stress, and child mental/psychomotor development. Results showed that following the 8-week intervention, scores for maternal sensitivity and child mental and psychomotor development were higher in the intervention group than in the control group...
May 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401050/the-new-rome-iv-criteria-for-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-in-infants-and-toddlers
#10
REVIEW
Judith Zeevenhooven, Ilan J N Koppen, Marc A Benninga
Functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) are common worldwide and cover a wide range of disorders attributable to the gastrointestinal tract that cannot be explained by structural or biochemical abnormalities. The diagnosis of these disorders relies on the symptom-based Rome criteria. In 2016 the Rome criteria were revised for infants/toddlers and for children and adolescents. In this review, we discuss the novel Rome IV criteria for infants and toddlers. The criteria for infant colic were drastically changed, whereas only minor changes were made for regurgitation, cyclic vomiting syndrome, functional diarrhea, infant dyschezia and functional constipation...
March 2017: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399528/phonological-process-occurrence-in-typically-developing-toddlers
#11
Kakia Petinou, Spyros Armostis
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The study examined the phonological development in Cypriot Greek (CG)-speaking, typically developing (TD) toddlers for the purpose of observing occurrences of initial consonant deletion (ICD), regressive assimilation (RAS), and their interactive relationship as a function of time. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Subjects were 8 CG-speaking TD toddlers assessed longitudinally at ages 24-28 and 32-36 months. Word targets from spontaneously produced utterances via language sample collection were analyzed for the percentage of occurrence of ICD and RAS...
April 12, 2017: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393740/precursors-to-language-development-in-typically-and-atypically-developing-infants-and-toddlers-the-importance-of-embracing-complexity
#12
Dean D'Souza, Hana D'Souza, Annette Karmiloff-Smith
In order to understand how language abilities emerge in typically and atypically developing infants and toddlers, it is important to embrace complexity in development. In this paper, we describe evidence that early language development is an experience-dependent process, shaped by diverse, interconnected, interdependent developmental mechanisms, processes, and abilities (e.g. statistical learning, sampling, functional specialization, visual attention, social interaction, motor ability). We also present evidence from our studies on neurodevelopmental disorders (e...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Child Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392771/find-the-hidden-object-understanding-play-in-psychological-assessments
#13
Alessandra Fasulo, Janhavi Shukla, Stephanie Bennett
Standardized psychological assessments are extensively used by practitioners to determine rate and level of development in different domains of ability in both typical and atypical children. The younger the children, the more likely the trials will resemble play activities. However, mode of administration, timing and use of objects involved are constrained. The purpose of this study is to explore what kind of play is play in psychological assessments, what are the expectations about children's performance and what are the abilities supporting the test activities...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392489/quantifying-cortical-development-in-typically-developing-toddlers-and-young-children-1-6-years-of-age
#14
Justin Remer, Elise Croteau-Chonka, Douglas C Dean, Sara D'Arpino, Holly Dirks, Dannielle Whiley, Sean C L Deoni
Cortical maturation, including age-related changes in thickness, volume, surface area, and folding (gyrification), play a central role in developing brain function and plasticity. Further, abnormal cortical maturation is a suspected substrate in various behavioral, intellectual, and psychiatric disorders. However, in order to characterize the altered development associated with these disorders, appreciation of the normative patterns of cortical development in neurotypical children between 1 and 6 years of age, a period of peak brain development during which many behavioral and developmental disorders emerge, is necessary...
April 6, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390462/does-the-texas-first-dental-home-program-improve-parental-oral-care-knowledge-and-practices
#15
Charmaine L Thompson, Ann L McCann, Emet D Schneiderman
PURPOSE: This study evaluated the effectiveness of the Texas Medicaid First Dental Home (FDH) by comparing the oral health knowledge, practices, and opinions of participating vs. non-participating parents. METHODS: A 29-question survey (English & Spanish) was developed and administered to 165 parents of children under three years old (FDH=49, Non-FDH=116) who visited qualifying Medicaid clinics in Texas. RESULTS: Mann Whitney U tests showed that FDH parents scored higher on overall knowledge (P=0...
March 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385091/early-postoperative-physical-therapy-for-improving-short-term-gross-motor-outcome-in-infants-with-cyanotic-and-acyanotic-congenital-heart-disease
#16
Sumihito Haseba, Harutoshi Sakakima, Syuhei Nakao, Misaki Ohira, Shigefumi Yanagi, Yutaka Imoto, Akira Yoshida, Megumi Shimodozono
PURPOSE: We analysed the gross motor recovery of infants and toddlers with cyanotic and acyanotic congenital heart disease (CHD) who received early postoperative physical therapy to see whether there was any difference in the duration to recovery. METHODS: This study retrospectively evaluated the influence of early physical therapy on postoperative gross motor outcomes of patients with CHD. The gross motor ability of patients with cyanotic (n = 25, average age: 376...
April 7, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384727/electrophysiology-of-perception-and-processing-of-phonological-information-as-indices-of-toddlers-language-performance
#17
Vanessa Harwood, Jonathan Preston, Bernard Grela, Dooti Roy, Olivia Harold, Jacqueline Turcios, Kiyomi Andrada, Nicole Landi
Purpose: The toddler years are a critical period for language development and growth. We investigated how event-related potentials (ERPs) to repeated and novel nonwords are associated with clinical assessments of language in young children. In addition, nonword repetition (NWR) was used to measure phonological working memory to determine the unique and collective contribution of ERP measures of phonemic discrimination and NWR as predictors of language ability. Method: Forty children between the ages of 24-48 months participated in an ERP experiment to determine phonemic discrimination to repeated and novel nonwords in an old/new design...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378906/the-early-construction-of-spatial-attention-culture-space-and-gesture-in-parent-child-interactions
#18
Koleen McCrink, Christina Caldera, Samuel Shaki
American and Israeli toddler-caregiver dyads (mean age of toddler = 26 months) were presented with naturalistic tasks in which they must watch a short video (N = 97) or concoct a visual story together (N = 66). English-speaking American caregivers were more likely to use left to right spatial structuring than right to left, especially for well-ordered letters and numbers. Hebrew-speaking Israeli parents were more likely than Americans to use right to left spatial structuring, especially for letters. When constructing a pictorial narrative for their children, Americans were more likely to place pictures from left to right than Israelis...
April 5, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376931/developmental-screening-in-children-with-chd-ages-and-stages-questionnaires
#19
Maia M Noeder, Beth A Logan, Kari L Struemph, Nancy Condon, Isabel Mueller, Barbara Sands, Ryan R Davies, Erica Sood
OBJECTIVE: Standardised developmental screening tools are important for the evaluation and management of developmental disorders in children with CHD; however, psychometric properties and clinical utility of screening tools, such as the Ages & Stages Questionnaires, Third Edition (ASQ-3), have not been examined in the CHD population. We hypothesised that the ASQ-3 would be clinically useful for this population. Study design ASQ-3 developmental classifications for 163 children with CHD at 6, 12, 24, and/or 36 months of age were compared with those obtained from concurrent developmental testing with the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, Third Edition...
April 5, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374929/age-related-differences-in-prevalence-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-symptoms-in-children-and-adolescents-with-costello-syndrome
#20
David D Schwartz, Jennifer M Katzenstein, Eric J Highley, Deborah L Stabley, Katia Sol-Church, Karen W Gripp, Marni E Axelrad
Dysregulation of the mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway in Costello syndrome (CS) may contribute to increased risk for autism-spectrum disorder (ASD). We examined prevalence of ASD symptoms in 14 individuals (six females) age 1-18 years with molecularly confirmed CS. Caregivers completed the Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (M-CHAT) for ages 0-4 years (n = 7), and the Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ) for ages 4 and older (n = 7). Age was associated with meeting ASD criteria: 5/7 (71...
May 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
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