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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897320/speech-and-language-interventions-for-infants-aged-0-to-2-years-at-high-risk-for-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Olena Chorna, Ellyn Hamm, Caitlin Cummings, Ashley Fetters, Nathalie L Maitre
AIM: We evaluated the level of evidence of speech, language, and communication interventions for infants at high-risk for, or with a diagnosis of, cerebral palsy (CP) from 0 to 2 years old. METHOD: We performed a systematic review of relevant terms. Articles were evaluated based on the level of methodological quality and evidence according to A Measurement Tool to Assess Systematic Reviews (AMSTAR) and Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) guidelines...
November 29, 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891102/the-agreement-between-parent-reported-and-directly-measured-child-language-and-parenting-behaviors
#2
Shannon K Bennetts, Fiona K Mensah, Elizabeth M Westrupp, Naomi J Hackworth, Sheena Reilly
Parenting behaviors are commonly targeted in early interventions to improve children's language development. Accurate measurement of both parenting behaviors and children's language outcomes is thus crucial for sensitive assessment of intervention outcomes. To date, only a small number of studies have compared parent-reported and directly measured behaviors, and these have been hampered by small sample sizes and inaccurate statistical techniques, such as correlations. The Bland-Altman Method and Reduced Major Axis regression represent more reliable alternatives because they allow us to quantify fixed and proportional bias between measures...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885311/mediating-pathways-in-the-socio-economic-gradient-of-child-development-evidence-from-children-6-42-months-in-bogota
#3
Marta Rubio-Codina, Orazio Attanasio, Sally Grantham-McGregor
Research has previously shown a gap of near 0.5 of a standard deviation (SD) in cognition and language development between the top and bottom household wealth quartile in children aged 6-42 months in a large representative sample of low- and middle-income families in Bogota, using the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development. The gaps in fine motor and socio-emotional development were about half that size. Developmental deficits increased with age. The current study explored the associations amongst child development, household socio-economic status (SES), and a set of potential mediating variables-parental characteristics, child biomedical factors, and the quality of the home environment-in this sample...
November 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882544/prospective-evaluation-of-the-ages-and-stages-questionnaire-3rd-edition-in-very-low-birthweight-infants
#4
Pratibha K Agarwal, Luming Shi, Lourdes M Daniel, Phey Hong Yang, Poh Choo Khoo, Bin Huey Quek, Qishi Zheng, Victor S Rajadurai
AIM: To evaluate the predictive and concurrent diagnostic agreement of the Ages and Stages Questionnaire 3rd Edition (ASQ-3) with the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development 3rd Edition (Bayley-III) in infants born preterm and very-low-birthweight (PT/VLBW; ≤1250g). METHOD: We evaluated 141 PT/VLBW infants (68 males, 73 females) born at the KK Women's and Children's Hospital between January 2010 and December 2011, to determine predictive and concurrent diagnostic agreement between the ASQ-3 at 9, 12, 18, and 24 months corrected age and Bayley-III at 24 months...
November 24, 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881483/preliminary-evidence-assessing-social-emotional-competences-in-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-infants-and-toddlers-using-a-new-parent-questionnaire
#5
Manfred Hintermair, Klaus Sarimski, Markus Lang
Social-emotional competences are an important developmental domain for deaf and hard of hearing (DHH) children and early diagnosis of problems is needed to ensure that DHH children receive appropriate support in this domain. In order to explore the usefulness of an instrument, which was recently developed for very young children, two studies in DHH infants and toddlers were conducted from Germany using the Social-Emotional Assessment/Evaluation Measure (Squires et al. (2013). Social-Emotional Assessment/Evaluation Measure (SEAM) Baltimore, ML: Brooks)...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878742/brief-report-diminished-gaze-preference-for-dynamic-social-interaction-scenes-in-youth-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#6
Rebecca C Shaffer, Ernest V Pedapati, Frederick Shic, Kristina Gaietto, Katherine Bowers, Logan K Wink, Craig A Erickson
In this study, we present an eye-tracking paradigm, adapted from previous work with toddlers, for assessing social-interaction looking preferences in youth ages 5-17 with ASD and typically-developing controls (TDC). Videos of children playing together (Social Scenes, SS) were presented side-by-side with animated geometric shapes (GS). Participants with ASD demonstrated reduced SS preferences compared to TDC, results also represented continuously by associations between higher SS preferences and fewer social difficulties across the combined sample...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877141/involvement-of-technical-reasoning-more-than-functional-knowledge-in-development-of-tool-use-in-childhood
#7
Chrystelle Remigereau, Arnaud Roy, Orianne Costini, François Osiurak, Christophe Jarry, Didier Le Gall
It is well-known that even toddlers are able to manipulate tools in an appropriate manner according to their physical properties. The ability of children to make novel tools in order to solve problems is, however, surprisingly limited. In adults, mechanical problem solving (MPS) has been proposed to be supported by "technical reasoning skills," which are thought to be involved in every situation requiring the use of a tool (whether conventional or unusual). The aim of this study was to investigate the typical development of real tool use (RTU) skills and its link with technical reasoning abilities in healthy children...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874271/diagnostic-model-generated-by-mri-derived-brain-features-in-toddlers-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#8
Xiang Xiao, Hui Fang, Jiansheng Wu, ChaoYong Xiao, Ting Xiao, Lu Qian, FengJing Liang, Zhou Xiao, Kang Kang Chu, Xiaoyan Ke
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder with core symptoms of atypical social interaction, communication, and restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, and activities. Although the pathophysiologic mechanism of ASD is unclarified yet, the neuroanatomical features are considered as valuable predictors for discriminating ASD from others. But there has been relatively little scientific study about predictive power of different neuroanatomical features of early age ASD...
November 22, 2016: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873433/blindness-to-background-an-inbuilt-bias-for-visual-objects
#9
Catherine G O'Hanlon, Jenny C A Read
Sixty-eight 2- to 12-year-olds and 30 adults were shown colorful displays on a touchscreen monitor and trained to point to the location of a named color. Participants located targets near-perfectly when presented with four abutting colored patches. When presented with three colored patches on a colored background, toddlers failed to locate targets in the background. Eye tracking demonstrated that the effect was partially mediated by a tendency not to fixate the background. However, the effect was abolished when the targets were named as nouns, whilst the change to nouns had little impact on eye movement patterns...
November 22, 2016: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873349/not-only-size-matters-early-talker-and-late-talker-vocabularies-support-different-word-learning-biases-in-babies-and-networks
#10
Eliana Colunga, Clare E Sims
In typical development, word learning goes from slow and laborious to fast and seemingly effortless. Typically developing 2-year-olds seem to intuit the whole range of things in a category from hearing a single instance named-they have word-learning biases. This is not the case for children with relatively small vocabularies (late talkers). We present a computational model that accounts for the emergence of word-learning biases in children at both ends of the vocabulary spectrum based solely on vocabulary structure...
November 21, 2016: Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861851/infant-social-attention-an-endophenotype-of-asd-related-traits
#11
Emily J H Jones, Kaitlin Venema, Rachel K Earl, Rachel Lowy, Sara J Webb
BACKGROUND: As a neurodevelopmental disorder, symptoms of ASD likely emerge from a complex interaction between preexisting genetic vulnerabilities and the child's environment. One way to understand causal paths to ASD is to identify dimensional ASD-related traits that vary in the general population and that predispose individuals with other risk factors toward ASD. Moving beyond behavioral traits to explore underlying neurocognitive processes may further constrain the underlying genetics...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860030/imbalance-of-bacteriome-profiles-within-the-finnish-diabetes-prediction-and-prevention-study-parallel-use-of-16s-profiling-and-virome-sequencing-in-stool-samples-from-children-with-islet-autoimmunity-and-matched-controls
#12
Ondrej Cinek, Lenka Kramna, Jake Lin, Sami Oikarinen, Katerina Kolarova, Jorma Ilonen, Olli Simell, Riitta Veijola, Reija Autio, Heikki Hyöty
BACKGROUND: We set out to explore associations between the stool bacteriome profiles and early-onset islet autoimmunity, taking into account the interactions with the virus component of the microbiome. METHODS: Serial stool samples were longitudinally collected from 18 infants and toddlers with early-onset islet autoimmunity (median age 17.4 months) followed by type 1 diabetes, and 18 tightly matched controls from the Finnish Diabetes Prediction and Prevention (DIPP) cohort...
November 17, 2016: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854230/developmental-milestones-and-quality-of-life-assessment-in-a-congenital-myotonic-dystrophy-cohort
#13
Madhavi Prasad, Rhiannon Hicks, Melissa MacKay, Cam-Tu Nguyen, Craig Campbell
BACKGROUND: Congenital myotonic dystrophy (CDM) is a neuromuscular disorder caused by a CTG triplet repeat expansion in the DMPK gene. In addition to the expected motor delay, affected children often have significant developmental disability in language and cognitive realms, which ultimately impacts on quality of life. OBJECTIVE: In a prospective cohort of children with CDM to 1) present the profile of language and motor developmental milestones, and 2) describe their early childhood health related quality of life (HRQOL)...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Neuromuscular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834159/maternal-depressive-symptoms-and-early-childhood-cognitive-development-a-meta-analysis
#14
Y Liu, S Kaaya, J Chai, D C McCoy, P J Surkan, M M Black, A-L Sutter-Dallay, H Verdoux, M C Smith-Fawzi
BACKGROUND: Previous findings have been mixed regarding the relationship between maternal depressive symptoms and child cognitive development. The objective of this study was to systematically review relevant literature and to perform a meta-analysis. METHOD: Three electronic databases (PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO) were searched. Initial screening was conducted independently by two reviewers. Studies selected for detailed review were read in full and included based on a set of criteria...
November 11, 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832679/-do-early-cochlear-implanted-toddlers-show-a-better-speech-development-than-later-implanted-children
#15
K Kral, R Lang-Roth, N Hilger, B Streicher
Objective: Long term goal in early cochlea implantation in children without any additional disabilities is an age-appropriate speech development. Material and Methods: Speech development in deaf children with cochlear-implant(s) (n=60) was examined with the german language test battery SETK-2 ("Sprachentwicklungstest für 2-jährige Kinder") 2 years after first mapping of the speech processor. Results: More than 68% of the subjects show in all 4 subtests hearing-age equivalent results in receptive and expressive language...
November 10, 2016: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829405/-get-up-study-rationale-and-protocol-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-to-evaluate-the-effects-of-reduced-sitting-on-toddlers-cognitive-development
#16
Rute Santos, Dylan P Cliff, Steven J Howard, Sanne L Veldman, Ian M Wright, Eduarda Sousa-Sá, João R Pereira, Anthony D Okely
BACKGROUND: The educational and cognitive differences associated with low socioeconomic status begin early in life and tend to persist throughout life. Coupled with the finding that levels of sedentary time are negatively associated with cognitive development, and time spent active tends to be lower in disadvantaged circumstances, this highlights the need for interventions that reduce the amount of time children spend sitting and sedentary during childcare. The proposed study aims to assess the effects of reducing sitting time during Early Childhood Education and Care (ECEC) services on cognitive development in toddlers from low socio-economic families...
November 9, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826329/recurrent-macrophage-activation-syndrome-since-toddler-age-in-an-adolescent-boy-with-hla-b27-positive-juvenile-ankylosing-spondylitis
#17
Joon Hyeong Park, Yu Mi Seo, Seung Beom Han, Ki Hwan Kim, Jung Woo Rhim, Nack Gyun Chung, Myung Shin Kim, Jin Han Kang, Dae Chul Jeong
Recurrent macrophage activation syndrome (MAS) is very rare. We present the case of an adolescent boy with human leukocyte antigen (HLA) B27-positive ankylosing spondylitis (AS), who experienced episodes of recurrent MAS since he was a toddler. A 16-year-old boy was admitted because of remittent fever with pancytopenia and splenomegaly after surgical intervention for an intractable perianal abscess. He had been diagnosed with hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) 4 different times, which was well controlled with intravenous immunoglobulin and steroids since the age of 3...
October 2016: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825943/perceptions-of-food-intake-and-weight-status-among-parents-of-picky-eating-infants-and-toddlers-in-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Ziyi Li, Klazine van der Horst, Lisa R Edelson-Fries, Kai Yu, Lili You, Yumei Zhang, Gerard Vinyes-Pares, Peiyu Wang, Defu Ma, Xiaoguang Yang, Liqiang Qin, Jiaji Wang
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested that children that are picky eaters may have a different and less varied diet than non-picky children, but the literature on picky eating in Chinese children is limited. OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of picky eating in 6-35 month-old Chinese children, and to explore how parents' perceptions of picky eating relate to children's intake and body composition. METHODS: 1414 6-35 month-old infants and toddlers from 8 Chinese cities were included in this study...
November 4, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825008/effect-of-supplemental-donor-human-milk-compared-with-preterm-formula-on-neurodevelopment-of-very-low-birth-weight-infants-at-18-months-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#19
COMMENT
Deborah L O'Connor, Sharyn Gibbins, Alex Kiss, Nicole Bando, Joan Brennan-Donnan, Eugene Ng, Douglas M Campbell, Simone Vaz, Christoph Fusch, Elizabeth Asztalos, Paige Church, Edmond Kelly, Linh Ly, Alan Daneman, Sharon Unger
Importance: For many very low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants, there is insufficient mother's milk, and a supplement of pasteurized donor human milk or preterm formula is required. Awareness of the benefits of mother's milk has led to an increase in use of donor milk, despite limited data evaluating its efficacy. Objective: To determine if nutrient-enriched donor milk compared with formula, as a supplement to mother's milk, reduces neonatal morbidity, supports growth, and improves neurodevelopment in VLBW infants...
November 8, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818398/early-identification-of-infants-and-toddlers-with-deafblindness
#20
Tanni L Anthony
Data from the 2014 National Center on Deaf-Blindness Count show that fewer than 100 infants and toddlers are currently identified with deaf-blindness across the United States and that identification rates for this population vary greatly from state to state. The author presents a key rationale for timely and accurate identification of early-onset deafblindness and of the challenges involved in current early identification practices. Health and educational providers play a vital role in efforts to understand the impact of deafblindness on early development, high-risk conditions, and diagnoses associated with pediatric deafblindness, as well as the warning signs of early-onset hearing and vision loss...
2016: American Annals of the Deaf
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