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Toddler development

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094463/network-over-connectivity-differentiates-autism-spectrum-disorder-from-other-developmental-disorders-in-toddlers-a-diffusion-mri-study
#1
E Conti, J Mitra, S Calderoni, K Pannek, K K Shen, A Pagnozzi, S Rose, S Mazzotti, D Scelfo, M Tosetti, F Muratori, G Cioni, A Guzzetta
Advanced connectivity studies in toddlers with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are increasing and consistently reporting a disruption of brain connectivity. However, most of these studies compare ASD and typically developing subjects, thus providing little information on the specificity of the abnormalities detected in comparison with other developmental disorders (other-DD). We recruited subjects aged below 36 months who received a clinical diagnosis of Neurodevelopmental Disorder (32 ASD and 16 other-DD including intellectual disability and language disorder) according to DSM-IV TR...
January 17, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090490/iron-deficiency-anemia-in-infants-and-toddlers
#2
Eun Young Joo, Keun Young Kim, Dong Hyun Kim, Ji-Eun Lee, Soon Ki Kim
BACKGROUND: In Korea, the prevalence of anemia and iron deficiency anemia (IDA) among older infants and young children remains high. To detect IDA early and to reduce its adverse impact, we assessed the characteristics of infants and young children who had IDA or were at risk of developing IDA, or who exhibited characteristics associated with severe anemia. METHODS: Among the 1,782 IDA-affected children aged 6 months to 18 years who visited the hospital, we retrospectively analyzed the medical records and laboratory data of 1,330 IDA-affected children aged 6-23 months who were diagnosed between 1996 and 2013...
December 2016: Blood Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088692/evaluation-of-motor-and-cognitive-development-among-infants-exposed-to-hiv
#3
Kaitiana Martins da Silva, Cristina Dos Santos Cardoso de Sá, Raquel Carvalho
This study of a prospective and cross-sectional nature compared the motor and cognitive development of HIV-exposed and unexposed infants in their first 18months of age. 40 infants exposed to HIV and antiretroviral therapy (Experimental Group - EG) and 40 unexposed infants (Control Group - CG) participated in the study. They were divided into four age groups of 4, 8, 12 and 18months old, with 10 infants from EG and 10 from CG in each group. The infants were evaluated once on motor and cognitive development by the Bayley Scale of Infant and Toddler Development...
January 12, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079770/neurodevelopmental-outcomes-after-assisted-reproductive-technologies
#4
Jacques Balayla, Odile Sheehy, William D Fraser, Jean R Séguin, Jacquetta Trasler, Patricia Monnier, Andrea A MacLeod, Marie-Noëlle Simard, Gina Muckle, Anick Bérard
OBJECTIVE: To compare children's cognitive, motor, and language development at 2 years of age after assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs) relative to natural conception. METHODS: The 3D-Study (2010-2012) is a prospective cohort study, which sought to improve the understanding among perinatal events, obstetric outcomes, and child development. A total of 2,366 pregnant women were recruited, of whom 278 conceived with ART: ovarian stimulation, intrauterine sperm insemination, in vitro fertilization, intracytoplasmic sperm injection, or in vitro maturation...
January 9, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076664/sensitization-predicts-asthma-development-among-wheezing-toddlers-in-secondary-healthcare
#5
Nienke A Boersma, Ruud W H Meijneke, Johannes C Kelder, Cornelis K van der Ent, Walter A F Balemans
INTRODUCTION: Some wheezing toddlers develop asthma later in childhood. Sensitization is known to predict asthma in birth cohorts. However, its predictive value in secondary healthcare is uncertain. AIM: This study examines the predictive value of sensitization to inhalant allergens among wheezing toddlers in secondary healthcare for the development of asthma at school age (≥6 years). METHODS: Preschool children (1-3 years) who presented with wheezing in secondary healthcare were screened on asthma at school age with the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood questionnaire...
January 11, 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062515/joint-attention-and-brain-functional-connectivity-in-infants-and-toddlers
#6
Adam T Eggebrecht, Jed T Elison, Eric Feczko, Alexandre Todorov, Jason J Wolff, Sridhar Kandala, Chloe M Adams, Abraham Z Snyder, John D Lewis, Annette M Estes, Lonnie Zwaigenbaum, Kelly N Botteron, Robert C McKinstry, John N Constantino, Alan Evans, Heather C Hazlett, Stephen Dager, Sarah J Paterson, Robert T Schultz, Martin A Styner, Guido Gerig, Samir Das, Penelope Kostopoulos, Bradley L Schlaggar, Steven E Petersen, Joseph Piven, John R Pruett
Initiating joint attention (IJA), the behavioral instigation of coordinated focus of 2 people on an object, emerges over the first 2 years of life and supports social-communicative functioning related to the healthy development of aspects of language, empathy, and theory of mind. Deficits in IJA provide strong early indicators for autism spectrum disorder, and therapies targeting joint attention have shown tremendous promise. However, the brain systems underlying IJA in early childhood are poorly understood, due in part to significant methodological challenges in imaging localized brain function that supports social behaviors during the first 2 years of life...
January 6, 2017: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018259/coparenting-behaviors-as-mediators-between-postpartum-parental-depressive-symptoms-and-toddler-s-symptoms
#7
Hervé Tissot, Nicolas Favez, France Frascarolo, Jean-Nicolas Despland
Postpartum parental depression, even of mild intensity and short duration, has negative consequences on child development, including increased externalizing and internalizing symptoms. Studies revealed that the links between parental depression and child development are mediated by parenting difficulties. On the other hand, the mediating role of problematic family-level relationships, such as low coparenting support and high conflict between the parents, has rarely been considered, although coparenting difficulties have been linked with both increased depressive symptoms in parents and increased symptoms in toddlers...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018118/a-longitudinal-investigation-of-conflict-and-delay-inhibitory-control-in-toddlers-and-preschoolers
#8
Amanda W Joyce, Jessica H Kraybill, Nan Chen, Kimberly Cuevas, Kirby Deater-Deckard, Martha Ann Bell
RESEARCH FINDINGS: Eighty-one children participated in a longitudinal investigation of inhibitory control (IC) from 2 to 4 years of age. Child IC was measured via maternal report and laboratory measures under conditions of conflict and delay. Performance on delay IC tasks at 3 years was related to performance on these same tasks at 2 and 4 years, but performance on conflict IC tasks was not related over time. Delay IC task performance was concurrently related to conflict IC task performance in 3- and 4-year-olds but not related in 2-year-olds...
2016: Early Education and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018062/non-union-fracture-neck-femur-in-a-toddler-reconstructed-by-valgus-osteotomy-a-minimally-invasive-approach
#9
Amit Sharma, Anurag Tiwari, Tarun Verma, Lalit Maini
BACKGROUND: Non-union is one of the devastating complications of fracture neck of femur. Though a very rarely encountered entity in a toddler (1-3 years paediatric age group), non-united femoral neck fractures are reported in developing countries because of mismanagement by quacks and delay in referrals. For operative treatment, many different procedures have been described, including close/open reduction and internal fixation using K-wires, cannulated screws, fibula or nails. There is no evidence in the literature that one or other implant influences the rate of postoperative complications, such as avascular femoral head necrosis or coxa vara...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005729/assessment-of-deformational-plagiocephaly-severity-and-neonatal-developmental-delay
#10
Stefani C Fontana, Debora Daniels, Thomas Greaves, Niaman Nazir, Jeff Searl, Brian T Andrews
Deformational plagiocephaly (DP) in infants has been associated with developmental delay that can last until adolescence. Despite this association and a 5-fold increase in incidence of DP over the past 2 decades, there are currently no guidelines regarding screening for developmental delay or identification of which infants with DP are at the greatest risk of delay. A prospective, nonrandomized study was performed. Infants diagnosed with DP who had no prior intervention were eligible for enrollment. Cranial deformity was measured by cross-cranial measurements using calipers, and developmental delay was measured using the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, Third Edition (Bayley-III)...
November 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001276/effects-of-prematurity-on-language-acquisition-and-auditory-maturation-a-systematic-review
#11
Inaê Costa Rechia, Luciéle Dias Oliveira, Anelise Henrich Crestani, Eliara Pinto Vieira Biaggio, Ana Paula Ramos de Souza
Purpose: To verify which damages prematurity causes to hearing and language. Research strategies: We used the decriptors language/linguagem, hearing/audição, prematurity/prematuridade in databases LILACS, MEDLINE, Cochrane Library and Scielo. Selection criteria: randomized controlled trials, non-randomized intervention studies and descriptive studies (cross-sectional, cohort, case-control projects). Data analysis: The articles were assessed independently by two authors according to the selection criteria...
November 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997031/predictors-of-infant-and-toddler-black-boys-early-learning-seizing-opportunities-and-minimizing-risks
#12
Iheoma U Iruka
Using the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Birth Cohort (ECLS-B) data set (U.S. Department of Education Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics, 2001), this study examined child, family, and community factors in the early years (infant and toddler years) to predict the cognitive and language outcomes for preschool-age Black boys in relation to Black girls and White boys. Findings indicate that Black children face many challenges, with Black boys experiencing less sensitive parenting as compared to their peers...
January 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981736/frontal-theta-activation-associated-with-error-detection-in-toddlers-influence-of-familial-socioeconomic-status
#13
Ángela Conejero, Sonia Guerra, Alicia Abundis-Gutiérrez, M Rosario Rueda
Error detection is one of the functions of the executive attention network, a brain system involved in executive control that includes the anterior cingulate cortex and other prefrontal regions. Despite the key role of this function in a wide range of life outcomes, very limited research has examined the early development of the network and whether its functional efficacy is related to environmental factors. Electrophysiological studies with adults have shown oscillatory activity in theta (4-7 Hz) range arising from medial frontal cortex that follows the detection of self-committed or observed errors...
December 15, 2016: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974941/a-modern-method-of-treatment-the-role-of-silver-dressings-in-promoting-healing-and-preventing-pathological-scarring-in-patients-with-burn-wounds
#14
Munteanu A, Florescu Ip, Nitescu C
Burn wounds are a global public health problem, which affects all countries, no matter the development stage and occurs in all age groups, from toddlers to elderly. In spite of burns being the cause of numerous household and work accidents, there are still no clear stated unanimous rules for their treatment. Every day new products appear on the market, each of them trying to prove more effective. Since ancient times, silver has been known for its antimicrobial properties, so it has been used for a long time in the treatment of burns and other types of wounds...
July 2016: Journal of Medicine and Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974224/social-emotional-development-of-toddlers-randomized-controlled-trial-of-an-office-based-intervention
#15
Donna Hallas, Mary Koslap-Petraco, Jason Fletcher
PURPOSE: During the toddler years, temper tantrums and impulsive behaviors are the norm. These behaviors can frustrate even the most experienced mothers. DESIGN AND METHODS: A prospective, double blind, randomized controlled trial using pre-test/post-test experimental design was used to examine the effectiveness of an office-based educational program to improve maternal confidence and the social-emotional development of toddlers. The Toddler Care Questionnaire (TCQ) was administered to all mothers as a pre and post intervention test...
December 11, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960228/serve-sizes-and-frequency-of-food-consumption-in-australian-children-aged-14-and-24-months
#16
Chelsea Mauch, Anthea Magarey, Rebecca Byrne, Lynne Daniels
OBJECTIVE: To describe the dietary intake of a sample of Australian children. METHODS: Three days (1×24 hour recall, 2×24 hour records) of dietary intake data were collected from 409 and 363 mother-child dyads (resident in Brisbane and South Australia) at 14 (T2) and 24 (T3) months of age respectively as part of the NOURISH and SAIDI studies. Data presented include foods consumed by ≥10% of children, number of consumers and median serve size. RESULTS: Thirteen of 25 vegetables consumed by more than 10% of children at T2 were consumed by a lower proportion at T3 (9:1-5% less consumers; 4: 10-16% less)...
December 13, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940793/media-and-young-minds
#17
(no author information available yet)
Infants, toddlers, and preschoolers are now growing up in environments saturated with a variety of traditional and new technologies, which they are adopting at increasing rates. Although there has been much hope for the educational potential of interactive media for young children, accompanied by fears about their overuse during this crucial period of rapid brain development, research in this area still remains limited. This policy statement reviews the existing literature on television, videos, and mobile/interactive technologies; their potential for educational benefit; and related health concerns for young children (0 to 5 years of age)...
November 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940687/survival-and-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-of-preterms-resuscitated-with-different-oxygen-fractions
#18
Nuria Boronat, Marta Aguar, Denise Rook, Martin Iriondo, María Brugada, María Cernada, Antonio Nuñez, Montserrat Izquierdo, Elena Cubells, María Martinez, Anna Parra, Hans van Goudoever, Máximo Vento
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Stabilization of preterm infants after birth frequently requires oxygen supplementation. At present the optimal initial oxygen inspiratory fraction (Fio2) for preterm stabilization after birth is still under debate. We aimed to compare neurodevelopmental outcomes of extremely preterm infants at 24 months corrected age randomly assigned to be stabilized after birth with an initial Fio2 of 0.3 versus 0.6 to 0.65 in 3 academic centers from Spain and the Netherlands...
December 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939483/sex-differences-in-early-growth-during-the-first-three-years-of-life-in-offspring-from-mothers-with-pregnancy-induced-hypertension
#19
Takashi Mitsui, Hisashi Masuyama, Takeshi Eguchi, Shoko Tamada, Eriko Eto, Kei Hayata, Yuji Hiramatsu
OBJECTIVES: Newborns born to mothers with pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) are thought to be at high risk for lifestyle-related diseases, such as obesity and hypertension, in adulthood. STUDY DESIGN: A longitudinal study of 78 pregnant women with PIH and their newborns, who visited Okayama University Hospital from 2009 to 2013. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: We investigated the change in growth of offspring born to mothers with PIH and compared it with the standard growth curve in Japanese to examine whether there was rapid catch-up growth during the first 3years of life...
October 2016: Pregnancy Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927686/concern-for-others-a-study-on-empathy-in-toddlers-with-moderate-hearing-loss
#20
Evelien Dirks, Lizet Ketelaar, Rosanne van der Zee, Anouk P Netten, Johan H M Frijns, Carolien Rieffe
Empathy, the ability to feel the emotions of others and respond affectively to these emotions, is an important factor in the development of social competence. The purpose of this study was to examine empathy levels in toddlers with moderate hearing loss (MHL) compared to toddlers with no hearing loss (nHL), and to explore the relation between language ability and empathy. We focused on affective empathy and the precursors of cognitive empathy. A total of 23 toddlers with MHL and 21 toddlers with nHL participated in the study...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
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