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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234600/prediction-of-cognitive-and-motor-development-in-preterm-children-using-exhaustive-feature-selection-and-cross-validation-of-near-term-white-matter-microstructure
#1
Kornél Schadl, Rachel Vassar, Katelyn Cahill-Rowley, Kristin W Yeom, David K Stevenson, Jessica Rose
Background: Advanced neuroimaging and computational methods offer opportunities for more accurate prognosis. We hypothesized that near-term regional white matter (WM) microstructure, assessed on diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), using exhaustive feature selection with cross-validation would predict neurodevelopment in preterm children. Methods: Near-term MRI and DTI obtained at 36.6 ± 1.8 weeks postmenstrual age in 66 very-low-birth-weight preterm neonates were assessed...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234596/exploring-the-multiple-hit-hypothesis-of-preterm-white-matter-damage-using-diffusion-mri
#2
Madeleine L Barnett, Nora Tusor, Gareth Ball, Andrew Chew, Shona Falconer, Paul Aljabar, Jessica A Kimpton, Nigel Kennea, Mary Rutherford, A David Edwards, Serena J Counsell
Background: Preterm infants are at high risk of diffuse white matter injury and adverse neurodevelopmental outcome. The multiple hit hypothesis suggests that the risk of white matter injury increases with cumulative exposure to multiple perinatal risk factors. Our aim was to test this hypothesis in a large cohort of preterm infants using diffusion weighted magnetic resonance imaging (dMRI). Methods: We studied 491 infants (52% male) without focal destructive brain lesions born at < 34 weeks, who underwent structural and dMRI at a specialist Neonatal Imaging Centre...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228213/contemporary-incidence-of-stroke-focal-infarct-and-or-haemorrhage-determined-by-neuroimaging-and-neurodevelopmental-disability-at-12-months-of-age-in-neonates-undergoing-cardiac-surgery-utilizing-cardiopulmonary-bypass
#3
Charlotte E Verrall, Karen Walker, Alison Loughran-Fowlds, Kristina Prelog, Robert Goetti, Christopher Troedson, Julian Ayer, Jonathan Egan, Robert Halliday, Yishay Orr, Gary F Sholler, Nadia Badawi, David S Winlaw
OBJECTIVES: When evaluated prospectively, acute brain injury is reported in up to 75% of neonates undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), predominantly white matter injury rather than stroke. This study investigates the incidence of stroke (focal infarct and/or haemorrhage) detected by neuroimaging in contemporary clinical practice, whereby magnetic resonance imaging/computed tomography routinely occurs in response to clinical events, comparing those undergoing the Norwood procedure with those undergoing other neonatal procedures involving CPB, and defines the relationship between stroke and neurodevelopmental disability (NDD) at 12 months of age...
December 8, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219102/canadian-24-hour-movement-guidelines-for-the-early-years-0-4%C3%A2-years-an-integration-of-physical-activity-sedentary-behaviour-and-sleep
#4
Mark S Tremblay, Jean-Philippe Chaput, Kristi B Adamo, Salomé Aubert, Joel D Barnes, Louise Choquette, Mary Duggan, Guy Faulkner, Gary S Goldfield, Casey E Gray, Reut Gruber, Katherine Janson, Ian Janssen, Xanne Janssen, Alejandra Jaramillo Garcia, Nicholas Kuzik, Claire LeBlanc, Joanna MacLean, Anthony D Okely, Veronica J Poitras, Mary-Ellen Rayner, John J Reilly, Margaret Sampson, John C Spence, Brian W Timmons, Valerie Carson
BACKGROUND: The Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology convened representatives of national organizations, research experts, methodologists, stakeholders, and end-users who followed rigorous and transparent guideline development procedures to create the Canadian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines for the Early Years (0-4 years): An Integration of Physical Activity, Sedentary Behaviour, and Sleep. These novel guidelines for children of the early years embrace the natural and intuitive integration of movement behaviours across the whole day (24-h period)...
November 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219094/a-collaborative-approach-to-adopting-adapting-guidelines-the-australian-24-hour-movement-guidelines-for-the-early-years-birth-to-5-years-an-integration-of-physical-activity-sedentary-behavior-and-sleep
#5
Anthony D Okely, Davina Ghersi, Kylie D Hesketh, Rute Santos, Sarah P Loughran, Dylan P Cliff, Trevor Shilton, David Grant, Rachel A Jones, Rebecca M Stanley, Julie Sherring, Trina Hinkley, Stewart G Trost, Clare McHugh, Simon Eckermann, Karen Thorpe, Karen Waters, Timothy S Olds, Tracy Mackey, Rhonda Livingstone, Hayley Christian, Harriette Carr, Adam Verrender, João R Pereira, Zhiguang Zhang, Katherine L Downing, Mark S Tremblay
BACKGROUND: In 2017, the Australian Government funded the update of the National Physical Activity Recommendations for Children 0-5 years, with the intention that they be an integration of movement behaviours across the 24-h period. The benefit for Australia was that it could leverage research in Canada in the development of their 24-h guidelines for the early years. Concurrently, the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) working group published a model to produce guidelines based on adoption, adaption and/or de novo development using the GRADE evidence-to-decision framework...
November 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219071/systematic-review-of-the-relationships-between-combinations-of-movement-behaviours-and-health-indicators-in-the-early-years-0-4%C3%A2-years
#6
Nicholas Kuzik, Veronica J Poitras, Mark S Tremblay, Eun-Young Lee, Stephen Hunter, Valerie Carson
BACKGROUND: A recent review highlighted important relationships between combinations of movement behaviours (i.e., sleep, sedentary behaviour, and physical activity) and health indicators among school-aged children and youth (aged 5-17 years). It is unclear whether similar relationships exist in younger children. Therefore, this review sought to examine the relationships between combinations of movement behaviours and health indicators in the early years (1.00 month to 4.99 years)...
November 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218767/maternal-communicative-behaviours-and-interaction-quality-as-predictors-of-language-development-findings-from-a-community-based-study-of-slow-to-talk-toddlers
#7
Laura J Conway, Penny A Levickis, Jodie Smith, Fiona Mensah, Melissa Wake, Sheena Reilly
BACKGROUND: Identifying risk and protective factors for language development informs interventions for children with developmental language disorder (DLD). Maternal responsive and intrusive communicative behaviours are associated with language development. Mother-child interaction quality may influence how children use these behaviours in language learning. AIMS: To identify (1) communicative behaviours and interaction quality associated with language outcomes; (2) whether the association between a maternal intrusive behaviour (directive) and child language scores changed alongside a maternal responsive behaviour (expansion); and (3) whether interaction quality modified these associations...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201825/the-validity-of-the-bayley-iii-and-ddst-ii-in-preterm-infants-with-neurodevelopmental-impairment-a-pilot-study
#8
Seong Uk Jeong, Ghi Chan Kim, Ho Joong Jeong, Dong Kyu Kim, Yoo Rha Hong, Hui Dong Kim, Seok Gyo Park, Young-Joo Sim
Objective: To identify the usefulness of both the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, 3rd edition (Bayley-III) and Denver Developmental Screening Test II (DDST-II) in preterm babies with neurodevelopmental impairment, considering the detection rate as regulation of criteria. Methods: Retrospective medical chart reviews which included the Bayley-III and DDST-II, were conducted for 69 preterm babies. Detection rate of neurodevelopmental impairment in preterm babies were investigated by modulating scaled score of the Bayley-III...
October 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198963/prenatal-phthalate-exposure-and-language-development-in-toddlers-from-the-odense-child-cohort
#9
Trine Staak Olesen, Dorthe Bleses, Helle Raun Andersen, Philippe Grandjean, Hanne Frederiksen, Fabio Trecca, Niels Bilenberg, Henriette Boye Kyhl, Louise Dalsager, Inge Kjær Jensen, Anna-Maria Andersson, Tina Kold Jensen
BACKGROUND: Phthalates are a group of chemicals found in a variety of consumer products. They have anti-androgenic properties and human studies have reported associations between prenatal phthalate exposure and neuropsychological development in the offspring despite different cognitive tests, different ages and varying timing of exposure. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between prenatal phthalate exposure and language development in children aged 20-36months...
November 30, 2017: Neurotoxicology and Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198087/-training-workshops-for-bedouin-mothers-prevention-of-iron-deficiency-anemia-in-children-results-from-a-community-trial-study
#10
Orly Kerub, Ziva Shtal, Einat Zinchik, Wadha Alatawna, Hillel Vardi, Natalya Bilenko
INTRODUCTION: Anemia is the most common nutritional deficiency in the world, contributing to childhood morbidity and mortality. Knowledge, attitudes and behavior of caretakers and parents of toddlers can significantly prevent anemia. OBJECTIVES: Assessment of workshop intervention to alter knowledge, attitudes and behavior in mothers of toddlers in the Bedouin population. METHODS: Community trial study. The intervention group included: 150 mothers of healthy one-year-old toddlers receiving workshops culturally tailored for a month in addition to standard training in "Tipat-Halav" (Baby clinic)...
November 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191797/web-based-intervention-to-teach-developmentally-supportive-care-to-parents-of-preterm-infants-feasibility-and-acceptability-study
#11
Thuy Mai Luu, Li Feng Xie, Perrine Peckre, Sylvana Cote, Thierry Karsenti, Claire-Dominique Walker, Julie Gosselin
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth affects 8% to 11% of the population and conveys a significant risk of developmental delays. Intervention programs that support child development have been shown to have a positive impact on early motor and cognitive development and on parental well-being. However, these programs are often difficult to implement in a real-life setting due to lack of resources. Hence, our multidisciplinary team developed Mieux Agir au Quotidien (MAQ) to teach developmentally supportive care to parents of preterm infants with the goal of improving child development and parental outcomes...
November 30, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190457/the-influence-of-the-number-of-toys-in-the-environment-on-toddlers-play
#12
Carly Dauch, Michelle Imwalle, Brooke Ocasio, Alexia E Metz
We tested the hypothesis that an environment with fewer toys will lead to higher quality of play for toddlers. Each participant (n=36) engaged in supervised, individual free play sessions under two conditions: Four Toy and Sixteen Toy. With fewer toys, participants had fewer incidences of toy play, longer durations of toy play, and played with toys in a greater variety of ways (Z=-4.448, p<0.001, r=-0.524; Z=2.828, p=0.005, r=0.333; and Z=4.676, p<0.001, r=0.55, respectively). This suggests that when provided with fewer toys in the environment, toddlers engage in longer periods of play with a single toy, allowing better focus to explore and play more creatively...
November 27, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187120/growth-and-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-of-early-high-dose-parenteral-amino-acid-intake-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Maya Balakrishnan, Alishia Jennings, Lynn Przystac, Chanika Phornphutkul, Richard Tucker, Betty Vohr, Bonnie E Stephens, Joseph M Bliss
BACKGROUND: Administration of high-dose parenteral amino acids (AAs) to premature infants within hours of delivery is currently recommended. This study compared the effect of lower and higher AA administration starting close to birth on short-term growth and neurodevelopmental outcomes at 18-24 months corrected gestational age (CGA). METHODS: Infants <1250 g birth weight (n = 168) were randomly assigned in a blinded fashion to receive parenteral nutrition providing 1-2 g/kg/d AA and advancing daily by 0...
March 1, 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186388/walking-gross-motor-development-and-brain-functional-connectivity-in-infants-and-toddlers
#14
Natasha Marrus, Adam T Eggebrecht, Alexandre Todorov, Jed T Elison, Jason J Wolff, Lyndsey Cole, Wei Gao, Juhi Pandey, Mark D Shen, Meghan R Swanson, Robert W Emerson, Cheryl L Klohr, Chloe M Adams, Annette M Estes, Lonnie Zwaigenbaum, Kelly N Botteron, Robert C McKinstry, John N Constantino, Alan C Evans, Heather C Hazlett, Stephen R Dager, Sarah J Paterson, Robert T Schultz, Martin A Styner, Guido Gerig, Bradley L Schlaggar, Joseph Piven, John R Pruett
Infant gross motor development is vital to adaptive function and predictive of both cognitive outcomes and neurodevelopmental disorders. However, little is known about neural systems underlying the emergence of walking and general gross motor abilities. Using resting state fcMRI, we identified functional brain networks associated with walking and gross motor scores in a mixed cross-sectional and longitudinal cohort of infants at high and low risk for autism spectrum disorder, who represent a dimensionally distributed range of motor function...
November 23, 2017: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181689/do-parents-and-clinicians-agree-on-ratings-of-autism-related-behaviors-at-12-months-of-age-a-study-of-infants-at-high-and-low-risk-for-asd
#15
Suzanne L Macari, Grace C Wu, Kelly K Powell, Scuddy Fontenelle, Deanna M Macris, Katarzyna Chawarska
Given the emphasis on early screening for ASD, it is crucial to examine the concordance between parent report and clinician observation of autism-related behaviors. Similar items were compared from the First Year Inventory (Baranek et al. First-Year Inventory (FYI) 2.0. University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, 2003), a parent screener for ASD, and the ADOS-2 Toddler Module (Lord et al. 2013), a standardized ASD diagnostic tool. Measures were administered concurrently to 12-month-olds at high and low risk for ASD...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181530/neurodevelopmental-and-behavioral-outcomes-in-extremely-premature-neonates-with-ventriculomegaly-in-the-absence-of-periventricular-intraventricular-hemorrhage
#16
Athina Pappas, Ira Adams-Chapman, Seetha Shankaran, Scott A McDonald, Barbara J Stoll, Abbot R Laptook, Waldemar A Carlo, Krisa P Van Meurs, Susan R Hintz, Martha D Carlson, Jane E Brumbaugh, Michele C Walsh, Myra H Wyckoff, Abhik Das, Rosemary D Higgins
Importance: Studies of cranial ultrasonography and early childhood outcomes among cohorts of extremely preterm neonates have linked periventricular-intraventricular hemorrhage and cystic periventricular leukomalacia with adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes. However, the association between nonhemorrhagic ventriculomegaly and neurodevelopmental and behavioral outcomes is not fully understood. Objective: To characterize the outcomes of extremely preterm neonates younger than 27 weeks' gestational age who experienced nonhemorrhagic ventriculomegaly that was detected prior to 36 weeks' postmenstrual age...
November 27, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176712/variation-in-iodine-food-composition-data-has-a-major-impact-on-estimates-of-iodine-intake-in-young-children
#17
Áine Hennessy, Carol Ní Chaoimh, Elaine K McCarthy, Ciara Kingston, Alan D Irvine, Jonathan O'B Hourihane, Louise C Kenny, Deirdre M Murray, Mairead Kiely
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The reliability of an estimate of iodine intake is largely dependent on the quality of the food composition data. We aimed to assess the impact of variations in food composition data for iodine and season on the estimates of iodine intake in young children. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Cross-sectional dietary intake study of Irish 2-year-olds participating in the Cork BASELINE Birth Cohort Study (n=468; 30% of the cohort at the 2-year follow-up) were used to assess the impact of variation in iodine food composition data on estimates of iodine intake, dietary adequacy and risk of exceeding the tolerable upper intake level (UL)...
November 9, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173319/impact-of-the-neonatal-resuscitation-program-recommended-low-oxygen-strategy-on-outcomes-of-infants-born-preterm
#18
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Vishal S Kapadia, Charitharth V Lal, Venkat Kakkilaya, Roy Heyne, Rashmin C Savani, Myra H Wyckoff
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of the Neonatal Resuscitation Program (NRP)-recommended low oxygen strategy (LOX) on neonatal morbidities, mortality, and neurodevelopmental outcomes in neonates born preterm. STUDY DESIGN: In March 2011, Parkland Hospital changed from a high oxygen strategy (HOX) of resuscitation with initial 100% oxygen and targeting 85%-94% oxygen saturation for delivery room resuscitation to a LOX with initial 21% oxygen and titrating oxygen to meet NRP-recommended transitional target saturations...
December 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172567/parent-praise-to-toddlers-predicts-fourth-grade-academic-achievement-via-children-s-incremental-mindsets
#19
Elizabeth A Gunderson, Nicole S Sorhagen, Sarah J Gripshover, Carol S Dweck, Susan Goldin-Meadow, Susan C Levine
In a previous study, parent-child praise was observed in natural interactions at home when children were 1, 2, and 3 years of age. Children who received a relatively high proportion of process praise (e.g., praise for effort and strategies) showed stronger incremental motivational frameworks, including a belief that intelligence can be developed and a greater desire for challenge, when they were in 2nd or 3rd grade (Gunderson et al., 2013). The current study examines these same children's (n = 53) academic achievement 1 to 2 years later, in 4th grade...
November 27, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166189/the-utilization-of-traditional-medicine-to-treat-fever-in-children-in-western-javanese-culture
#20
Tiany Futihat Maulida, Dessie Wanda
Fever regularly affects toddlers and may make their parents uneasy. This study aimed to identify common traditional medicines used by parents to treat their children's fever at home. The study was conducted in Karyasari, Leuwiliang, Bogor District. It was descriptive in design, and the instrument used was a questionnaire developed by the authors. A group of 106 respondents was selected through the cluster sampling method. All respondents were female; the youngest was 20 years old, and the oldest was 53 years old...
2017: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
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