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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429614/are-mothers-protective-attachment-strategies-related-to-their-children-s-strategies
#1
Patricia M Crittenden, Katrina Robson, Alison Tooby, Charles Fleming
AIMS: We explored the relation between mothers' protective attachment strategies and those of their school-age children. METHODS: In total, 49 child-mother dyads participated in a short longitudinal study when the children were 5.5 and 6.0 years old. Their strategies were first assessed with the Preschool Assessment of Attachment (PAA) and then with the School-age Assessment of Attachment (SAA). Mothers were assessed with the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI). The Dynamic-Maturational Model of Attachment and Adaptation (DMM) was used to classify the assessments...
April 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427493/hair-mercury-levels-and-their-relationship-with-seafood-consumption-among-preschool-children-in-shanghai
#2
Jin Yan, Zhen Yan Gao, Ju Wang, Chong Huai Yan
Mercury is a global pollutant. Children are vulnerable to environmental toxicants. Seafood consumption is a major source of methylmercury exposure. In order to ascertain children's mercury exposure levels and study their relationship with seafood consumption, we conducted a cross-sectional study among preschool children in Shanghai. According to our data, the geometric mean of the mercury levels in children's hair was 191.9 (95% CI: 181.8, 202.4) μg/kg. These results indicate that high income may be a predictor of elevated mercury levels in children's hair...
March 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427295/development-of-visuo-haptic-transfer-for-object-recognition-in-typical-preschool-and-school-aged-children
#3
Giulia Purpura, Giovanni Cioni, Francesca Tinelli
Object recognition is a long and complex adaptive process and its full maturation requires combination of many different sensory experiences as well as cognitive abilities to manipulate previous experiences in order to develop new percepts and subsequently to learn from the environment. It is well recognized that the transfer of visual and haptic information facilitates object recognition in adults, but less is known about development of this ability. In this study, we explored the developmental course of object recognition capacity in children using unimodal visual information, unimodal haptic information, and visuo-haptic information transfer in children from 4 years to 10 years and 11 months of age...
April 20, 2017: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427031/executive-function-depletion-in-children-and-its-impact-on-theory-of-mind
#4
Lindsey J Powell, Susan Carey
The current studies provide an experimental, rather than correlational, method for testing hypotheses about the role of executive function (EF) in conceptual development. Previous research has established that adults' tendency to deploy EF can be temporarily diminished by use. Exercising self-control in one context decreases adults' performance on other EF demanding tasks immediately thereafter. Using two different depletion methods, Experiments 1 and 3 extend this finding to preschool-aged children. Experiments 2 and 4 make use of these EF depletion methods to elucidate the role of EF in children's theory of mind reasoning...
April 17, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424762/assessment-of-sensory-processing-characteristics-in-children-between-3-and-11-years-old-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Sara Jorquera-Cabrera, Dulce Romero-Ayuso, Gemma Rodriguez-Gil, José-Matías Triviño-Juárez
The assessment of sensory perception, discrimination, integration, modulation, praxis, and other motor skills, such as posture, balance, and bilateral motor coordination, is necessary to identify the sensory and motor factors influencing the development of personal autonomy. The aim of this work is to study the assessment tools currently available for identifying different patterns of sensory processing. There are 15 tests available that have psychometric properties, primarily for the US population. Nine of them apply to children in preschool and up to grade 12...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424177/developmental-and-behavioural-associations-of-burns-and-scalds-in-children-a-prospective-population-based-study
#6
Alan Emond, Clare Sheahan, Julie Mytton, Linda Hollén
OBJECTIVE: To investigate child developmental and behavioural characteristics and risk of burns and scalds. DESIGN: Data on burns in children up to 11 years from 12 966 participants in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children were linked to developmental profiles measured before the burn injury. MEASURES: Preinjury profiles of the children derived from maternal questionnaires completed in pregnancy, and at 6, 18, 42, 47 and 54 months...
May 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422896/predictors-of-sleep-outcomes-following-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-in-preschoolers-subjective-and-objective-assessment-of-outcome
#7
Catherine Landry-Roy, Annie Bernier, Jocelyn Gravel, Miriam H Beauchamp
OBJECTIVES: To investigate sleep and its predictors in preschoolers with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). PARTICIPANTS AND PROCEDURE: The sample included 225 children, aged 18 to 60 months, divided into 3 groups: children with accidental mTBI (n = 85), children with orthopedic injury (n = 58), and typically developing children (n = 82). Retrospective reports of preinjury sleep and family functioning were obtained as part of a baseline assessment at the time of recruitment...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422081/non-responsive-feeding-practices-unhealthy-eating-behaviors-and-risk-of-child-overweight-and-obesity-in-southeast-asia-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Ana Cristina Lindsay, Somporn Sitthisongkram, Mary L Greaney, Sherrie F Wallington, Praewrapee Ruengdej
Childhood obesity is increasing dramatically in many Southeast Asian countries, and becoming a significant public health concern. This review summarizes the evidence on associations between parental feeding practices, child eating behaviors, and the risk of overweight and obesity in Southeast Asian children 2-12 years old. We systematically searched five electronic academic/research (PubMed, PsycINFO, ProQuest Nursing, Medline, and CINAHL) databases using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement for peer-reviewed studies published in English between January 2000 and December 2016...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420261/added-value-of-early-literacy-screening-in-preschool-children
#9
Sai Nandini Iyer, M Zachary Dawson, Mark I Sawyer, Neelab Abdullah, Leya Saju, Robert D Needlman
The Early Literacy Screener (ELS) is a brief screen for emergent literacy delays in 4- and 5-year-olds. Standard developmental screens may also flag these children. What is the value of adding the ELS? Parents of children aged 4 (n = 45) and 5 (n = 26) years completed the Ages and Stages Questionnaire-3 (ASQ-3), the Survey of Well-Being in Young Children (SWYC), and the ELS. Rates of positive agreement (PA), negative agreement (NA), and overall agreement (Cohen's κ) across the various screening tools were calculated...
April 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418261/preschool-children-s-communication-motor-and-social-development-parents-and-educators-concerns
#10
Sharynne McLeod, Kathryn Crowe, Jane McCormack, Paul White, Yvonne Wren, Elise Baker, Sarah Masso, Sue Roulstone
PURPOSE: During early childhood, it is important to identify which children require intervention before they face the increased demands of school. This study aimed to: (1) compare parents' and educators' concerns, (2) examine inter-rater reliability between parents' and educators' concerns and (3) determine the group difference between level of concern and children's performance on clinical testing. METHOD: Parents and educators of 1205 4- to 5-year-old children in the Sound Start Study completed the Parents' Evaluation of Developmental Status...
April 18, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417256/to-which-extent-social-withdrawal-at-the-age-of-1%C3%A2-year-is-associated-with-iq-at-5-6%C3%A2-years-old-results-of-the-eden-mother-child-cohort
#11
Antoine Guedeney, Sarah Doukhan, Anne Forhan, Barbara Heude, Hugo Peyre
The present study aims to determine to which extent social withdrawal at 1 year is associated with the child's IQ at the end of the preschool period. Children (N = 1045) from the EDEN mother-child cohort were assessed for social withdrawal behaviours at 1 year by trained midwives using the Alarm Distress BaBy (ADBB) scale. Midwives also examined infants' language and motor development at 1 year. At the age 5-6 years, IQ scores were based on the WPPSI-III. Linear regression models were used to determine the association between IQ and ADBB, adjusted for a broad range of pre- and postnatal environmental factors and for language and motor skills scores at 1 year...
April 17, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412615/suicide-risk-among-young-children-after-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-a-follow-up-study
#12
Takeo Fujiwara, Junko Yagi, Hiroaki Homma, Hirobumi Mashiko, Keizo Nagao, Makiko Okuyama
On 11 March 2011, the Great East Japan Earthquake and subsequent tsunami hit East Japan. We aim to investigate the impact of trauma experiences related to the earthquake on suicide risk among young children, stratified by child sex. Participants at baseline were children who were exposed to the 2011 disaster at preschool age (affected area, n=198; unaffected area, n=82, total n=280). From July 2013 to May 2014, suicide risk was assessed using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview for Children and Adolescents (MINI-KID) in a follow-up interview conducted by a child psychiatrist or psychologist (N=210, follow-up rate: 75%)...
April 9, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412556/synchronized-movement-experience-enhances-peer-cooperation-in-preschool-children
#13
Tal-Chen Rabinowitch, Andrew N Meltzoff
Cooperating with other people is a key achievement in child development and is essential for human culture. We examined whether we could induce 4-year-old children to increase their cooperation with an unfamiliar peer by providing the peers with synchronized motion experience prior to the tasks. Children were randomly assigned to independent treatment and control groups. The treatment of synchronous motion caused children to enhance their cooperation, as measured by the speed of joint task completion, compared with control groups that underwent asynchronous motion or no motion at all...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412510/empathy-networks-in-the-parental-brain-and-their-long-term-effects-on-children-s-stress-reactivity-and-behavior-adaptation
#14
Eyal Abraham, Gal Raz, Orna Zagoory-Sharon, Ruth Feldman
Parental empathy is a key component of sensitive parenting that supports children's social adaptation throughout life. Consistent with a two dissociable network perspective on empathy, we measured within- and between-network integrity of two empathy-related networks in the parental brain as predictors of children's social outcomes across the first six years of life. We focused on two empathy networks; embodied simulation, which supports parents' capacity to resonate with infant state and emotions and implicates cingulo-insulary structures, and mentalizing, which underpins parents' theory-of-mind and mental attributions via prefrontal-temporo-parietal circuit...
April 12, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410872/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-wheezing-and-allergic-diseases-in-preschool-children-a-perspective-from-the-mediterranean-coast-of-turkey
#15
E Bolat, T Arikoglu, M A Sungur, S B Batmaz, S Kuyucu
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence and risk factors of allergic diseases in preschool children from one of the biggest cities in the Mediterranean Region of Turkey. METHODS: The study population included 396 preschool children attending to urban daycare centres in Mersin. In the first stage, a comprehensive standardised questionnaire modified from the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) was employed...
April 11, 2017: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410796/-improving-diet-quality-in-children-through-a-new-nutritional-education-programme-infadimed
#16
Maria Del Mar Bibiloni, Jordi Fernández-Blanco, Noemí Pujol-Plana, Núria Martín-Galindo, Maria Mercè Fernández-Vallejo, Mariona Roca-Domingo, Juan Chamorro-Medina, Josep A Tur
OBJECTIVE: To assess the results of a nutritional education programme developed by using available local resources to improve diet quality and decrease overweight and obesity prevalence among children. METHOD: A longitudinal intervention study by means of nutritional education (INFADIMED) in children (aged 3-7 years) from Vilafranca del Penedès (Barcelona, Spain), recruited from preschool centres and primary schools, with an intervention or INFADIMED group (n=319; 50...
April 11, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409664/longitudinal-changes-in-polysyllable-maturity-of-preschool-children-with-phonologically-based-speech-sound-disorders
#17
Sarah Masso, Sharynne McLeod, Cen Wang, Elise Baker, Jane McCormack
Children's polysyllables were investigated for changes in (1) consonant and vowel accuracy, (2) error frequency and (3) polysyllable maturity over time. Participants were 80 children (4;0-5;4) with phonologically-based speech sound disorders who participated in the Sound Start Study and completed the Polysyllable Preschool Test (Baker, 2013) three times. Polysyllable errors were categorised using the Word-level Analysis of Polysyllables (WAP, Masso, 2016a) and the Framework of Polysyllable Maturity (Framework, Masso, 2016b), which represents five maturity levels (Levels A-E)...
April 14, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408769/variable-and-person-centered-approaches-to-examining-temperament-vulnerability-and-resilience-to-the-effects-of-contextual-risk
#18
Lyndsey Moran, Liliana J Lengua, Maureen Zalewski, Erika Ruberry, Melanie Klien, Stephanie Thompson, Cara Kiff
Using both variable- and person-centered approaches, this study examined the role of temperament in relation to children's vulnerable or resilient responses to cumulative risk. Observed reactivity and regulation dimensions of temperament were tested as mediating and moderating the relation between family cumulative risk and teacher-reported adjustment problems in a sample of 259 preschool-age children. Further, latent profile analyses were used to examine whether profiles of temperament, accounting for multiple characteristics simultaneously, provided additional information about the role of temperament in children's responses to risk...
April 2017: Journal of Research in Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408725/screening-for-developmental-delay-in-preschool-aged-children-using-parent-completed-ages-and-stages-questionnaires-additional-insights-into-child-development
#19
Soheir S Abo El Elella, Maha A M Tawfik, Wafaa Moustafa M Abo El Fotoh, Naglaa Fathy Barseem
BACKGROUND: Developmental delay is a delay in areas of speech, language, motor, social and cognitive development. Because of the negative impact of intellectual and learning disabilities, early identification of children with developmental and behavioral problems using appropriate screening tests is crucial. OBJECTIVES: Utilization of parent-completed Ages and Stages Questionnaires (ASQs) for detecting the developmental delay in preschool age children and clarification of possible associated risk factors...
April 13, 2017: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408002/economic-burden-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-among-pediatric-patients-in-the-united-states
#20
Komal Gupte-Singh, Rakesh R Singh, Kenneth A Lawson
OBJECTIVES: To determine the adjusted incremental total costs (direct and indirect) for patients (aged 3-17 years) with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and the differences in the adjusted incremental direct expenditures with respect to age groups (preschoolers, 0-5 years; children, 6-11 years; and adolescents, 12-17 years). METHODS: The 2011 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey was used as the data source. The ADHD cohort consisted of patients aged 0 to 17 years with a diagnosis of ADHD, whereas the non-ADHD cohort consisted of subjects in the same age range without a diagnosis of ADHD...
April 2017: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
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