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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651224/patterns-of-everyday-functioning-in-preschool-children-born-preterm-and-at-term
#1
Anna Karin Andersson, Lene Martin, Katarina Strand Brodd, Lena Almqvist
BACKGROUND/AIM: Children born preterm are at risk of neonatal complications but the long-term consequences for everyday functioning is not well known. The study aimed to identify patterns of everyday functioning in preschool children born preterm and at term in relation to perinatal data, neonatal risk factors, behaviour, and socioeconomic status. Registry data and data from parent rated questionnaires were collected for 331 children. METHOD: A person-oriented approach with a cluster analysis was used...
June 23, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649901/psychometric-properties-of-the-nepsy-ii-affect-recognition-subtest-in-a-preschool-sample-a-rasch-modeling-approach
#2
Shih-Ying Yao, Rebecca Bull, Kiat Hui Khng, Anisa Rahim
OBJECTIVE: Understanding a child's ability to decode emotion expressions is important to allow early interventions for potential difficulties in social and emotional functioning. This study applied the Rasch model to investigate the psychometric properties of the NEPSY-II Affect Recognition subtest, a U.S. normed measure for 3-16 year olds which assesses the ability to recognize facial expressions of emotion. METHOD: Data were collected from 1222 children attending preschools in Singapore...
June 26, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648467/differentiating-could-from-should-developmental-changes-in-modal-cognition
#3
Andrew Shtulman, Jonathan Phillips
Young children have difficulty in distinguishing events that violate physical laws (impossible events) from those that violate mere physical regularities (improbable events). They judge both as "impossible." Young children also have difficulty in distinguishing events that violate moral laws (immoral events) from events that violate mere social regularities (unconventional events). They judge both as "wrong." In this set of studies, we explored the possibility that both difficulties arise from a more general deficit in modal cognition, or the way in which children represent and reason about possibilities...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647169/the-number-of-injected-same-day-preschool-vaccines-relates-to-preadolescent-needle-fear-and-hpv-uptake
#4
Amy L Baxter, Lindsey L Cohen, Mark Burton, Anaam Mohammed, M Louise Lawson
PURPOSE: Fear of needles develops at approximately five years of age, and decreases compliance with healthcare. We sought to examine the relationship of preschool vaccine history, parent and preadolescent needle fear, and subsequent compliance with optional vaccines. METHODS: As part of a private practice randomized controlled trial, parents and 10-12year olds rated needle anxiety on a 100mm visual analog scale. This follow-up cohort study compared their needle anxiety to previous vaccination records, including number of vaccinations between ages four and six years (total and same-day maximum), and subsequent initiation of the HPV vaccine through age 13...
June 20, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646480/preschool-gender-typed-play-behavior-at-age-3-5%C3%A2-years-predicts-physical-aggression-at-age-13%C3%A2-years
#5
Karson T F Kung, Gu Li, Jean Golding, Melissa Hines
Gender differences in play behavior and physical aggression have been consistently reported. Theoretical perspectives concerning evolutionary, social, and social-cognitive mechanisms suggest that male-typical play behavior during childhood increases subsequent physical aggression. The evidence supporting these connections is limited, however. The present study investigated the association between gender-typed play behavior in early childhood and physical aggression in early adolescence using a sample drawn from a longitudinal, population study, the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children...
June 23, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646328/parent-perceptions-of-medication-treatment-for-preschool-children-with-adhd
#6
Katie C Hart, Rosmary Ros, Victoria Gonzalez, Paulo A Graziano
This study sought to examine parent perceptions of medication use for 151 preschool children (M age  = 5.05 years, 78% male, 82% Hispanic/Latino) with or at-risk for ADHD who were medication naive. Parents completed questionnaires regarding family background and perceptions of medication treatment. Parents and teachers completed ratings of child diagnostic symptomatology, behavioral functioning, and functional impairment. Results indicate that only 45% of parents were open to the possibility of medication...
June 23, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645542/young-children-s-inclusion-decisions-in-moral-and-social-conventional-group-norm-contexts
#7
Michael T Rizzo, Shelby Cooley, Laura Elenbaas, Melanie Killen
Being a member of a peer group involves making decisions about whom to include in or exclude from the group. Sometimes these decisions are related to whether members of the group support or challenge the norms of the group. To examine how young children weigh concerns for group norms and group membership in both moral and social-conventional norm contexts, children (3- to 6-year-olds; N=73) were asked to decide between including an ingroup member who challenged the group's norm or an outgroup member who supported the norm...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645027/validity-of-the-growth-model-of-the-computerized-visual-perception-assessment-tool-for-chinese-characters-structures
#8
Huey-Min Wu, Cheng-Hsaun Li, Bor-Chen Kuo, Yu-Mao Yang, Chin-Kai Lin, Wei-Hsiang Wan
Morphological awareness is the foundation for the important developmental skills involved with vocabulary, as well as understanding the meaning of words, orthographic knowledge, reading, and writing. Visual perception of space and radicals in two-dimensional positions of Chinese characters' morphology is very important in identifying Chinese characters. The important predictive variables of special and visual perception in Chinese characters identification were investigated in the growth model in this research...
June 20, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644947/acoustic-rhinometry-for-evaluation-of-velopharyngeal-function-in-preschool-children-post-palatoplasty
#9
Fan Li, Hongtao Wang, Yiyang Chen, Wenli Wu
PURPOSE: To assess the feasibility of acoustic rhinometry for the evaluation of velopharyngeal function in preschool children by detecting changes in nasal cavity volume (NV) and minimal cross-sectional area (MCSA) after palatoplasty. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-one preschool children with incomplete cleft palate who underwent Sommerlad palatoplasty were examined by acoustic rhinometry. MCSA, distance of the MCSA from the nostril (DMCA), NV, and nasopharyngeal volume (NPV) were measured...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644834/automatic-non-symbolic-numerosity-processing-in-preschoolers
#10
Xiaoshuang Zhu, Yinghe Chen, Yanjun Li, Zhijun Deng
There has recently been an increasing focus on the development of automatic processing of numerical magnitude. However, little effort has been made to explore automatic access to non-symbolic numerical magnitude in preschool children. In experiment 1, we used a non-symbolic physical size comparison task in 3- to 6-year-olds to examine developmental changes and the effect of ratio and counting principle knowledge. Results showed that the existence of automatic non-symbolic numerical processing began at age 3-4 years and size congruity effects tended to reduce with increasing age from 4 years old...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642966/procedural-sedation-and-analgesia-for-pediatric-shock-wave-lithotripsy-a-10-year-experience-of-single-institution
#11
Banu Cevik, Murat Tuncer, Kutlu Hakan Erkal, Bilal Eryildirim, Kemal Sarica
The aim of this study was to evaluate anesthesia practice for pediatric extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) according to the age groups and discuss the anesthetic management of these patients. Pediatric patients treated with ESWL because of urolithiasis under anesthesia in our department between December 2007 and January 2017 were evaluated retrospectively. A total of 251 patients were divided into two groups as Group PS: preschool children (<6 years) and Group S: school children (≥6 years)...
June 22, 2017: Urolithiasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642859/exercise-induced-bronchospasm-and-allergy
#12
REVIEW
Serena Caggiano, Renato Cutrera, Antonio Di Marco, Attilio Turchetta
Sport is an essential part of childhood, with precious and acknowledged positive health effects but the impact of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) significantly reduces participation in physical activity. It is important to recognize EIB, differentiating EIB with or without asthma if the transient narrowing of the airways after exercise is associated with asthmatic symptoms or not, in the way to select the most appropriate treatment among the many treatment options available today. Therapy is prescribed based on symptoms severity but diagnosis of EIB is established by changes in lung function provoked by exercise evaluating by direct and indirect tests...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641120/the-cognitive-bases-of-the-development-of-past-and-future-episodic-cognition-in-preschoolers
#13
Gülten Ünal, Annette Hohenberger
The aim of this study was to use a minimalist framework to examine the joint development of past and future episodic cognition and their underlying cognitive abilities in 3- to 5-year-old Turkish preschoolers. Participants engaged in two main tasks, a what-where-when (www) task to measure episodic memory and a future prediction task to measure episodic future thinking. Three additional tasks were used for predicting children's performance in the two main tasks: a temporal language task, an executive function task, and a spatial working memory task...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639491/family-centred-services-for-young-children-with-intellectual-disabilities-and-their-families-theory-policy-and-practice
#14
Jóna G Ingólfsdóttir, Snæfrídur Thóra Egilson, Rannveig Traustadóttir
This paper outlines the reported discrepancies between the aims of the welfare services in Iceland and the experiences of parents raising young children with intellectual disabilities. Prevailing views on disability and service delivery were also considered. A multi case study design was employed to reflect the situation in different parts of the country. Families of eight children with intellectual disabilities and professionals in three different municipalities formed the cases. The findings reveal a high convergence between the three cases with variations based on individual experiences rather than geographical location...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639088/comparison-of-visual-acuity-measurements-via-three-different-methods-in-preschool-children-lea-symbols-crowded-lea-symbols-snellen-e-chart
#15
Asli Inal, Osman Bulut Ocak, Ebru Demet Aygit, Ihsan Yilmaz, Berkay Inal, Muhittin Taskapili, Birsen Gokyigit
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare three different methods to measure visual acuity (VA) in healthy and amblyopic preschool children: a Snellen E chart (SE), a single Lea symbols (SLS), and a crowded Lea symbols (CLS). METHODS: Seventy-eight eyes of 54 patients (28 females, 26 males) were included in this cross-sectional, comparative study. The control group consisted of 30 healthy cases, and the amblyopic group consisted of 24 patients with amblyopia...
June 20, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638330/flat-vs-expressive-storytelling-young-children-s-learning-and-retention-of-a-social-robot-s-narrative
#16
Jacqueline M Kory Westlund, Sooyeon Jeong, Hae W Park, Samuel Ronfard, Aradhana Adhikari, Paul L Harris, David DeSteno, Cynthia L Breazeal
Prior research with preschool children has established that dialogic or active book reading is an effective method for expanding young children's vocabulary. In this exploratory study, we asked whether similar benefits are observed when a robot engages in dialogic reading with preschoolers. Given the established effectiveness of active reading, we also asked whether this effectiveness was critically dependent on the expressive characteristics of the robot. For approximately half the children, the robot's active reading was expressive; the robot's voice included a wide range of intonation and emotion (Expressive)...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637654/implementation-of-instrument-based-vision-screening-for-preschool-age-children-in-primary-care
#17
Jonathan R Modest, Katherine M Majzoub, Bruce Moore, Vijeta Bhambhani, Sarah R McLaughlin, Louis Vernacchio
BACKGROUND: Vision screening is an essential element of well-child care for young children. Recently, several professional groups have recommended the use of instrument-based screening; however, studies demonstrating the effectiveness of this technique in pediatric primary care settings are lacking. METHODS: We designed a cluster randomized quality improvement project to test the implementation of instrument-based vision screening for 3- to 5-year-old children within a pediatric primary care network...
June 21, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637631/validity-of-a-digital-diet-estimation-method-for-use-with-preschool-children
#18
Theresa Nicklas, Noemi G Islam, Rabab Saab, Rebecca Schulin, Yan Liu, Nancy F Butte, John W Apolzan, Candice A Myers, Corby K Martin
BACKGROUND: The validity of using the Remote Food Photography Method (RFPM) for measuring food intake of minority preschool children's intake is not well documented. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to determine the validity of intake estimations made by human raters using the RFPM compared with those obtained by weighing all foods and beverages consumed by 3- to 5-year-old children (weighed method). DESIGN: We conducted a cross-sectional observational study...
June 18, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637400/impulse-oscillometry-system-and-anthropometric-variables-of-preschoolers-children-and-adolesctents-systematic-review
#19
Maíra Seabra De Assumpção, Emília da Silva Gonçalves, Marina Simões Oliveira, José Dirceu Ribeiro, Adyléia Aparecida Contrera Dalbo Toro, Antonio Azevedo Barros-Filho, Maria Ângela Reis Góes de Monteiro, Camila Isabel Santos Schivinski
BACKGROUND: To identify the anthropometric variables in equations/reference values of impulse oscillometry system (IOS) parameters in preschoolers, children and adolescents. METHOD: Systematic search on the databases MEDLINE/Ovid, SCOPUS and SciELO using the key words "preschool, child and adolescent", "impulse oscillometry", "reference values" and its variations. RESULTS: This review considered a total of 13 articles. The studies presented height, weight, sex and age as the variables correlated to oscillometric parameters...
June 21, 2017: Current Pediatric Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637054/modeling-alphabet-skills-as-instructive-feedback-within-a-phonological-awareness-intervention
#20
Arnold Olszewski, Xigrid Soto, Howard Goldstein
Purpose: This study evaluated the efficacy of an instructive feedback strategy for modeling letter names and sounds during presentation of positive feedback within a small-group phonological awareness intervention for preschoolers. Method: Two experiments were conducted using multiple-baseline designs across children and behaviors. Letter name and sound identification and performance on a phonological awareness fluency measure served as the primary outcome variables...
June 22, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
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