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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816979/a-new-method-for-locating-the-proximal-lacerated-bicanalicular-ends-in-chinese-preschoolers-and-long-term-outcomes-after-surgical-repair
#1
Ai Zhuang, Xiaoliang Jin, Yinwei Li, Xianqun Fan, Wodong Shi
This report is to explore the long-term outcomes of surgical repair of bicanalicular lacerations in Chinese preschool patients. In this report, 12 patients with bicanalicular lacerations were studied between September 2010 and September 2015. The distance from the punctum to the distal canalicular lacerated end was recorded before surgery to classify different types of trauma. All patients underwent surgical repair of the lacerated canaliculi by 1 surgeon within 48 hours after the trauma occurred. After treatment, the lesions were divided into 3 types according to the distance from the punctum to the distal lacerated canalicular end as follows: lateral, medial, and the central...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816916/developmental-screening-in-pediatric-sickle-cell-disease-disease-related-risk-and-screening-outcomes-in-4-year-olds
#2
Jeffrey Schatz, Alyssa Schlenz, Laura Reinman, Kelsey Smith, Carla W Roberts
OBJECTIVE: Studies of early child development in sickle cell disease (SCD) have found modest associations between disease-related risks and developmental status in infants and toddlers, but such associations are evident by early elementary school. We screened 4-year-old children with SCD using 2 screening strategies to assess if biomedical risk factors for neurologic disease are related to developmental screening outcomes at this intermediate age. METHODS: Seventy-seven 4-year-old children with SCD (M = 4...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816508/stability-and-predictive-validity-of-the-parent-child-sleep-interactions-scale-a-longitudinal-study-among-preschoolers
#3
Chelsey S Barrios, Samantha Y Jay, Victoria C Smith, Candice A Alfano, Lea R Dougherty
Little research has examined the processes underlying children's persistent sleep problems and links with later psychopathology. The current study examined the stability of parent-child sleep interactions as assessed with the parent-reported Parent-Child Sleep Interactions Scale (PSIS) and examined whether sleep interactions in preschool-age children predict sleep problems and psychiatric symptoms later in childhood. Participants included 108 preschool-age children (50% female) and their parents. Parents completed the PSIS when children were 3-5 years (T1) and again when they were 6-9 years (T2)...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814992/feasibility-of-a-supplemental-phonological-awareness-intervention-via-telepractice-for-children-with-hearing-loss-a-preliminary-study
#4
Sue Ann S Lee, Brittany Hall, Sherry Sancibrian
The goal of the current study was to examine the feasibility of a telepractice intervention to improve phonological awareness skills in children with hearing loss as compared to a conventional in-person intervention. Twenty children with hearing loss participated in this study. Two groups of ten children each received a supplemental phonological awareness intervention either via telepractice or an in-person service delivery model. Within each of the two groups, five children were enrolled in preschool or kindergarten and five children were enrolled in first or second grade...
2017: International Journal of Telerehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813534/the-computer-assisted-interview-in-my-shoes-can-benefit-shy-preschool-children-s-communication
#5
Karin Fängström, Raziye Salari, Maria Eriksson, Anna Sarkadi
Interviewing children is a cognitively, socially, and emotionally challenging situation, especially for young and shy children. Thus, finding methods that aid rapport and increase these children's communication is important. The present study investigated whether children's verbal and non-verbal communicative behavior developed differently during the rapport phase, depending on whether children were situationally shy or not, and whether the interview was conducted using the computer-assisted interview In My Shoes (IMS) or a Standard verbal interview...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813010/characterization-of-breakfast-cereals-available-in-the-mexican-market-sodium-and-sugar-content
#6
Claudia Nieto, Sofia Rincon-Gallardo Patiño, Lizbeth Tolentino-Mayo, Angela Carriedo, Simón Barquera
Preschool Mexican children consume 7% of their total energy intake from processed breakfast cereals. This study characterized the nutritional quality and labelling (claims and Guideline Daily Amount (GDA)) of the packaged breakfast cereals available in the Mexican market. Photographs of all breakfast cereals available in the 9 main food retail chains in the country were taken. The nutrition quality of cereals was assessed using the United Kingdom Nutrient Profiling Model (UKNPM). Claims were classified using the International Network for Food and Obesity/non-communicable Diseases Research, Monitoring and Action Support (INFORMAS) taxonomy and the GDA was defined according to the Mexican regulation, NOM-051...
August 16, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811149/three-center-feasibility-of-lung-clearance-index-in-infants-and-preschool-children-with-cystic-fibrosis-and-other-lung-diseases
#7
Mirjam Stahl, Simon Y Graeber, Cornelia Joachim, Sandra Barth, Isabell Ricklefs, Gesa Diekmann, Matthias V Kopp, Lutz Naehrlich, Marcus A Mall
BACKGROUND: Lung clearance index (LCI) detects early ventilation inhomogeneity and has been suggested as sensitive endpoint in multicenter intervention trials in infants and preschoolers with cystic fibrosis (CF). However, the feasibility of multicenter LCI in this age group has not been determined. We, therefore, investigated the feasibility of LCI in infants and preschoolers with and without CF in a three-center setting. METHODS: Following central training, standardized SF6-MBW measurements were performed in 73 sedated children (10 controls, 49 with CF and 14 with other lung diseases), mean age 2...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis: Official Journal of the European Cystic Fibrosis Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809871/-recall-system-for-vaccinations-in-preschool-children-in-a-local-health-unit-in-rome-italy
#8
Aldo Marsico, Cinzia Roscetti, Angelo Fraioli, Chiara Grecuccio, Alessio Cecili, Laura Zaratti, Elisabetta Franco
In Italy, in this period, much attention is dedicated to reach adequate vaccination coverage in children and adolescents. In this study, Vaccination Registry was checked in a Local Health Unit in Rome, Italy, to identify children born in 2007 and 2008 who had not completed the vaccination schedule. Coverage for booster doses of measles, mumps, rubella and for diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis and polio vaccines in the 2213 children was around 70%. A reminder letter was send to parents of the 661 incompletely immunized children and, if they did not reply, a phone call was made when the phone number was available...
May 2017: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809659/examining-sensory-overresponsiveness-in-preschool-children-with-retentive-fecal-incontinence
#9
Isabelle Beaudry-Bellefeuille, Shelly J Lane
The development of bowel control is an important activity of daily living in early childhood, and challenges in this area can limit participation in key occupations. Retentive fecal incontinence (RFI) is a common disorder in children. Up to 50% of children do not respond adequately to initial medical intervention, and behaviors around toileting, some related to sensory overresponsivity (SOR), may be partly responsible. Therefore, this study investigated the relationship between RFI and SOR and also examined the discriminative validity of the Toileting Habit Profile Questionnaire (THPQ)...
September 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809581/-mental-health-of-preschool-foster-care-children-how-do-foster-families-influence-the-way-children-cope-with-trauma
#10
Mira Vasileva, Franz Petermann
Parents and other significant persons have an important role when preschool children develop or cope with psychological symptoms following traumatic experiences. The underlying mechanisms of the interaction between traumatic experiences and influences of the foster family are still unclear. This study investigates foster parents’ stress levels and parenting styles as moderators or mediators in the context of traumatic experiences. Foster parents of 286 children between three and seven years participated in an online or paper-and-pencil survey...
August 15, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808870/chest-circumference-and-birth-weight-are-good-predictors-of-lung-function-in-preschool-children-from-an-e-waste-recycling-area
#11
Xiang Zeng, Xijin Xu, Yuling Zhang, Weiqiu Li, Xia Huo
The purpose of this study was to investigate the associations between birth weight, chest circumference, and lung function in preschool children from e-waste exposure area. A total of 206 preschool children from Guiyu (an e-waste recycling area) and Haojiang and Xiashan (the reference areas) in China were recruited and required to undergo physical examination, blood tests, and lung function tests during the study period. Birth outcome such as birth weight and birth height were obtained by questionnaire. Children living in the e-waste-exposed area have a lower birth weight, chest circumference, height, and lung function when compare to their peers from the reference areas (all p value <0...
August 15, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806862/feasibility-and-effectiveness-of-dyadic-prolonged-exposure-intervention-for-preventing-posttraumatic-grief-in-young-children-a-case-report-of-two-siblings
#12
Lilach Rachamim
This article highlights the feasibility of a dyadic prolonged exposure (DPE) intervention (L. Rachamim, I. Mirochnik, L. Helpman, N. Nacasch, & E. Yadin, ) in a 3-year-old preschooler and in a 6-year-old kindergartener immediately following the traumatic death of their younger sibling. It presents a detailed case description of the DPE treatment addressing traumatic grief and includes transcribed treatment dialogue. At the time of treatment termination, both children and caregivers resumed normal functioning...
August 14, 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806563/alteration-of-the-number-and-percentage-of-innate-immune-cells-in-preschool-children-from-an-e-waste-recycling-area
#13
Yu Zhang, Xijin Xu, Di Sun, Junjun Cao, Yuling Zhang, Xia Huo
Heavy metal lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd) are widespread environmental contaminants and exert detrimental effects on the immune system. We evaluated the association between Pb/Cd exposures and innate immune cells in children from an electronic waste (e-waste) recycling area. A total number of 294 preschool children were recruited, including 153 children from Guiyu (e-waste exposed group), and 141 from Haojiang (reference group). Pb and Cd levels in peripheral blood were measured by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrophotometer, NK cell percentages were detected by flow cytometer, and other innate immune cells including monocytes, eosinophils, neutrophils and basophils were immediately measured by automated hematology analyzer...
August 11, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805254/does-fathers-and-mothers-rumination-predict-emotional-symptoms-in-their-children
#14
Lamprini Psychogiou, Nicholas J Moberly, Elizabeth Parry, Abigail Emma Russell, Selina Nath, Angeliki Kallitsoglou
OBJECTIVES: Although rumination can have a negative influence on the family environment and the quality of parent-child interactions, there is little research on the role of parental rumination in predicting adverse child outcomes over time. This longitudinal study examined whether mothers' and fathers' brooding rumination would each uniquely predict emotional symptoms in preschool children. METHODS: The initial sample consisted of 160 families (including 50 mothers with past depression, 33 fathers with past depression, and 7 fathers with current depression according to the Structural Clinical Interview for DSM-IV)...
August 14, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805141/inhibited-attachment-disordered-behavior-in-institutionalized-preschool-children-links-with-early-and-current-relational-experiences
#15
Raquel Corval, Jay Belsky, Joana Baptista, Paula Oliveira, Ana Mesquita, Isabel Soares
Inhibited attachment disordered behavior (IADB) is characterized by difficulty in establishing an attachment relationship with a primary caregiver; is associated with persistent social and emotional problems; and is observed most frequently in contexts of pathological care such as institutional rearing. Here, we seek to enhance understanding of the conditions that give rise to IADB among institutionalized children by examining prior family experiences of neglect and deprivation and concurrent relational experiences at the institution...
August 14, 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804922/study-of-cognitive-function-in-children-treated-with-propranolol-for-infantile-hemangioma
#16
Nieves González-Llorente, Isabel Del Olmo-Benito, Natalia Muñoz-Ollero, Miguel Angel Descalzo, Ignacio García-Doval, Antonio Torrelo
BACKGROUND: Oral propranolol is considered the first choice for the treatment of infantile hemangiomas (IHs). There is a concern that administering propranolol in newborns and infants could induce adverse effects in learning and memory processes in the long term. The purpose of this study was to assess cognitive and memory functions in children who had been treated with propranolol for IH during their infancy. METHODS: A total of 23 children between 5 and 7.5 years of age who had been treated with oral propranolol for IH during infancy were tested for cognitive functions with the Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence, Fourth Edition (WPPSI-IV) test and for memory functions with the Test of Memory and Learning (TOMAL)...
August 14, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804715/former-very-preterm-infants-show-alterations-in-thyroid-function-at-a-preschool-age
#17
Anna Posod, Irena Odri Komazec, Ulrike Pupp Peglow, Dagmar Meraner, Elke Griesmaier, Ursula Kiechl-Kohlendorfer
Preterm birth is frequently associated with altered thyroid hormone levels in the newborn period. Recent data suggest a role of prematurity independent of birth size also in childhood thyroid dysfunction. Whether the high-risk population of former very preterm infants (VPI) is particularly susceptible to thyroid hormone alterations is currently unknown. The aim of the present study was to assess whether former VPI display changes in thyroid hormone status in comparison to term-born controls at a preschool age...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802781/elevated-lead-levels-from-e-waste-exposure-are-linked-to-decreased-olfactory-memory-in-children
#18
Bo Zhang, Xia Huo, Long Xu, Zhiheng Cheng, Xiaowei Cong, Xueling Lu, Xijin Xu
Lead (Pb) is a developmental neurotoxicant and can cause abnormal development of the nervous system in children. Hence, the aim of this study was to investigate the effect of Pb exposure on child olfactory memory by correlating the blood Pb levels of children in Guiyu with olfactory memory tests. We recruited 61 preschool children, 4- to 7-years of age, from Guiyu and 57 children from Haojiang. The mean blood Pb level of Guiyu children was 9.40 μg/dL, significantly higher than the 5.04 μg/dL mean blood Pb level of Haojiang children...
August 9, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802372/phonological-awareness-in-german-speaking-preschool-children-with-cochlear-implants-3-case-examples
#19
Bianka Wachtlin, Yvonne Turinsky, Frank Herrmann, Blanca Schaefer
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to explore PA skills German-speaking preschool children with cochlea implants (CIs) and how these skills may be related to their speech and language skills. METHODS: Three monolingual German-speaking pre-school children aged 5;04-6;01 with bilateral CIs were tested. Their cognitive, speech and language skills were assessed. Six subtests of a standardized PA test battery were administered (i.e. rhyme identification, rhyme production; phoneme identification- input and -output; phoneme blending-input and -output)...
September 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800718/sex-differences-in-the-meaning-of-parent-and-teacher-ratings-of-adhd-behaviors-an-observational-study
#20
Brenda J Meyer, Jim Stevenson, Edmund J S Sonuga-Barke
OBJECTIVE: To test explanations for the underrecognition of female ADHD by examining differences in adult ratings of boys and girls matched for levels of directly observed ADHD behaviors. METHOD: In a secondary analysis of a population-based sample, 3- to 4-year-olds ( n = 153, 79 male) and 8- to 9-year-olds ( n = 144, 75 male) were grouped according to levels of directly observed ADHD behaviors (low/moderate/high). Groups were then compared with parent/teacher ADHD ratings...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
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