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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790229/global-lung-initiative-2012-spirometry-reference-values-in-a-large-asian-cohort-of-malay-chinese-and-indian-ancestry
#1
Noraidatulakma Abdullah, Boekhtiar Borhanuddin, Shamsul A Shah, Tidi Hassan, Rahman Jamal
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Although the multi-ethnic European Respiratory Society/Global Lung Initiative (ERS/GLI) 2012 reference values have been developed, the Taskforce has called for further validation specifically on subpopulations that were under represented such as the Malays, Chinese and Indians, in which the two latter ethnic groups represent about one-third of the world population. Thus, the aims of this study were to evaluate the appropriateness of the ERS/GLI 2012 reference values in a healthy adult Malaysian population and to construct a local lung function reference for the Malaysia population specific to the three major ethnic groups...
May 22, 2018: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779919/radiation-dose-constraints-for-organs-at-risk-in-neuro-oncology-the-european-particle-therapy-network-consensus
#2
REVIEW
Maarten Lambrecht, Daniëlle B P Eekers, Claire Alapetite, Neil G Burnet, Valentin Calugaru, Ida E M Coremans, Piero Fossati, Morten Høyer, Johannes A Langendijk, Alejandra Méndez Romero, Frank Paulsen, Ana Perpar, Laurette Renard, Dirk de Ruysscher, Beate Timmermann, Pavel Vitek, Damien C Weber, Hiske L van der Weide, Gillian A Whitfield, Ruud Wiggenraad, Erik Roelofs, Petra Witt Nyström, Esther G C Troost
PURPOSE: For unbiased comparison of different radiation modalities and techniques, consensus on delineation of radiation sensitive organs at risk (OARs) and on their dose constraints is warranted. Following the publication of a digital, online atlas for OAR delineation in neuro-oncology by the same group, we assessed the brain OAR-dose constraints in a follow-up study. METHODS: We performed a comprehensive search to identify the current papers on OAR dose constraints for normofractionated photon and particle therapy in PubMed, Ovid Medline, Cochrane Library, Embase and Web of Science...
May 17, 2018: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761486/treatment-of-atopic-eczema-treat-registry-taskforce-an-international-delphi-exercise-to-identify-a-core-set-of-domains-and-domain-items-for-national-atopic-eczema-photo-and-systemic-therapy-registries
#3
L A A Gerbens, C J Apfelbacher, A D Irvine, S Barbarot, R J de Booij, A E Boyce, M Deleuran, L F Eichenfield, M H Hof, M A Middelkamp-Hup, A Roberts, J Schmitt, C Vestergaard, D Wall, S Weidinger, P R Williamson, C Flohr, P I Spuls
BACKGROUND: Evidence of immunomodulatory therapies to guide clinical management for atopic eczema (AE) is scarce, despite frequent and often off-label use. Patient registries provide valuable evidence for the effects of treatments under real world conditions which can inform treatment guidelines, give the opportunity for health economic evaluation and the evaluation of quality of care, as well as pharmacogenetic and -dynamic research which cannot be adequately addressed in clinical trials...
May 15, 2018: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743798/inasl-position-statements-on-prevention-diagnosis-and-management-of-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-in-india-the-andaman-statements
#4
REVIEW
Anil Arora, Shivaram P Singh, Ashish Kumar, Vivek A Saraswat, Rakesh Aggarwal, Manisha Bangar, Pradip Bhaumik, Harshad Devarbhavi, Radha K Dhiman, Vinod K Dixit, Ashish Goel, Bhabadev Goswami, Dharmesh Kapoor, Kaushal Madan, Jimmy Narayan, Sandeep Nijhawan, Gaurav Pandey, Ramesh R Rai, Manoj K Sahu, Neeraj Saraf, Shalimar, Thrivikrama Shenoy, Varghese Thomas, Manav Wadhawan
Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) infection is one of the major causes of morbidity, mortality and healthcare expenditure in India. There are no Indian consensus guidelines on prevention, diagnosis and management of HBV infection. The Indian National Association for Study of the Liver (INASL) set up a taskforce on HBV in 2016, with a mandate to develop consensus guidelines for diagnosis and management of HBV infection, relevant to disease patterns and clinical practices in India. The taskforce first identified contentious issues on various aspects of HBV management, which were allotted to individual members of the taskforce who reviewed them in detail...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735382/evidence-based-nonpharmacologic-strategies-for-comprehensive-pain-care-the-consortium-pain-task-force-white-paper
#5
Heather Tick, Arya Nielsen, Kenneth R Pelletier, Robert Bonakdar, Samantha Simmons, Ronald Glick, Emily Ratner, Russell L Lemmon, Peter Wayne, Veronica Zador
Consortium Pain Taskforce White Paper Summary Evidence-based Nonpharmacologic Strategies for Comprehensive Pain Care Supplementary information can be found in the online version at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.explore.2018.02.001. Medical pain management is in crisis; from the pervasiveness of pain to inadequate pain treatment, from the escalation of prescription opioids to an epidemic in addiction, diversion and overdose deaths. The rising costs of pain care and managing adverse effects of that care have prompted action from state and federal agencies including the DOD, VHA, NIH, FDA and CDC...
March 1, 2018: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725735/treatment-of-infection-following-intramedullary-nailing-of-tibial-shaft-fractures-results-of-the-ors-isfr-expert-group-survey
#6
Cyril Mauffrey, David J Hak, Peter Giannoudis, Volker Alt, Christoph Nau, Ingo Marzi, Peter Augat, J K Oh, Johannes Frank, Andreas Mavrogenis, Xavier Flecher, Jean-Noel Argenson, Ashok Gavaskar, David Rojas, Yehia H Bedeir
OBJECTIVE: The lack of universally accepted treatment principles and protocols to manage infected intramedullary (IM) nails following tibial fractures continues to challenge us, eliciting a demand for clear guidelines. Our response to this problem was to create an ORS/ISFR taskforce to identify potential solutions and trends based on published evidence and practices globally. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire of reported treatment methods was created based on a published meta-analysis on the topic...
May 3, 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716585/clinical-trial-registration-and-reporting-a-survey-of-academic-organizations-in-the-united-states
#7
Evan Mayo-Wilson, James Heyward, Anthony Keyes, Jesse Reynolds, Sarah White, Nidhi Atri, G Caleb Alexander, Audrey Omar, Daniel E Ford
BACKGROUND: Many clinical trials conducted by academic organizations are not published, or are not published completely. Following the US Food and Drug Administration Amendments Act of 2007, "The Final Rule" (compliance date April 18, 2017) and a National Institutes of Health policy clarified and expanded trial registration and results reporting requirements. We sought to identify policies, procedures, and resources to support trial registration and reporting at academic organizations...
May 2, 2018: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679576/quantitative-appraisal-of-the-amyloid-imaging-taskforce-appropriate-use-criteria-for-amyloid-pet
#8
Daniele Altomare, Clarissa Ferrari, Cristina Festari, Ugo Paolo Guerra, Cristina Muscio, Alessandro Padovani, Giovanni B Frisoni, Marina Boccardi
INTRODUCTION: We test the hypothesis that amyloid-PET prescriptions, considered appropriate based on the Amyloid Imaging Taskforce (AIT) criteria, lead to greater clinical utility than AIT-inappropriate prescriptions. METHODS: We compared the clinical utility between patients who underwent amyloid-PET appropriately or inappropriately and among the subgroups of patients defined by the AIT criteria. Finally, we performed logistic regressions to identify variables associated with clinical utility...
April 18, 2018: Alzheimer's & Dementia: the Journal of the Alzheimer's Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676539/past-and-current-status-of-adult-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-management-in-korea-a-national-health-insurance-service-database-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Seung Hyun Ko, Kyungdo Han, Yong Ho Lee, Junghyun Noh, Cheol Young Park, Dae Jung Kim, Chang Hee Jung, Ki Up Lee, Kyung Soo Ko
Korea's National Healthcare Program, the National Health Insurance Service (NHIS), a government-affiliated agency under the Korean Ministry of Health and Welfare, covers the entire Korean population. The NHIS supervises all medical services in Korea and establishes a systematic National Health Information database (DB). A health information DB system including all of the claims, medications, death information, and health check-ups, both in the general population and in patients with various diseases, is not common worldwide...
April 2018: Diabetes & Metabolism Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672914/revisiting-the-nih-taskforce-on-the-research-needs-of-eosinophil-associated-diseases-re-tread
#10
REVIEW
Paneez Khoury, Praveen Akuthota, Steven J Ackerman, Joseph R Arron, Bruce S Bochner, Margaret H Collins, Jean-Emmanuel Kahn, Patricia C Fulkerson, Gerald J Gleich, Rashmi Gopal-Srivastava, Elizabeth A Jacobsen, Kristen M Leiferman, Levi-Schaffer Francesca, Sameer K Mathur, Michael Minnicozzi, Calman Prussin, Marc E Rothenberg, Florence Roufosse, Kathleen Sable, Dagmar Simon, Hans-Uwe Simon, Lisa A Spencer, Jonathan Steinfeld, Andrew J Wardlaw, Michael E Wechsler, Peter F Weller, Amy D Klion
BACKGROUND: Eosinophil-associated diseases (EADs) are rare, heterogeneous disorders characterized by the presence of eosinophils in tissues and/or peripheral blood resulting in immunopathology. The heterogeneity of tissue involvement, lack of sufficient animal models, technical challenges in working with eosinophils, and lack of standardized histopathologic approaches have hampered progress in basic research. Additionally, clinical trials and drug development for rare EADs are limited by the lack of primary and surrogate endpoints, biomarkers, and validated patient-reported outcomes...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670755/growing-up-in-australia-paradox-of-overweight-obesity-in-children-of-immigrants-from-low-and-middle-income-countries
#11
T Zulfiqar, L Strazdins, C Banwell, H Dinh, C D'Este
Objective: Children of immigrants from low-and-middle-income countries show excess overweight/obesity risk relative to host populations, possibly due to socioeconomic disadvantage. The present study was conducted to estimate overweight/obesity prevalence and its association with the family socioeconomic-position in 2-11-year-old Australian-born children of immigrants and Australian-mothers. Methods: A cross-sectional analysis of 10-year data from the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children was undertaken...
April 2018: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594348/study-of-a-seventeenth-century-french-artificial-mummy-autopsical-native-and-contrast-injected-ct-investigations
#12
Rozenn Colleter, Fabrice Dedouit, Sylvie Duchesne, Patrice Gérard, Laurent Dercle, Pierre Poilpré, Véronique Gendrot, Hervé Rousseau, Éric Crubézy, Norbert Telmon, Fatima-Zohra Mokrane
BACKGROUND: A lead coffin was fortuitously discovered in a church called "Eglise des Toussaints" in Rennes (French Brittany). A collaborative taskforce investigated this extraordinary discovery. A multi-disciplinary team of experts from the National Institute for Preventive Archeological Research (INRAP) and Rangueil University Hospital of Toulouse was created, including anthropologists, archeologists, forensic pathologists, radiologists, and pathologists. The inscription on the lead coffin specified that the body belonged to "Messer Louys de Bruslon, Lord of Plessis," a nobleman who died on November 1, 1661...
March 28, 2018: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589198/therapeutic-recommendations-in-hfe-hemochromatosis-for-p-cys282tyr-c282y-c282y-homozygous-genotype
#13
EDITORIAL
Paul Adams, Albert Altes, Pierre Brissot, Barbara Butzeck, Ioav Cabantchik, Rodolfo Cançado, Sonia Distante, Patricia Evans, Robert Evans, Tomas Ganz, Domenico Girelli, Rolf Hultcrantz, Gordon McLaren, Ben Marris, Nils Milman, Elizabeta Nemeth, Peter Nielsen, Brigitte Pineau, Alberto Piperno, Graça Porto, Dianne Prince, John Ryan, Mayka Sanchez, Paulo Santos, Dorine Swinkels, Emerência Teixeira, Ketil Toska, Annick Vanclooster, Desley White
Although guidelines are available for hereditary hemochromatosis, a high percentage of the recommendations within them are not shared between the different guidelines. Our main aim is to provide an objective, simple, brief, and practical set of recommendations about therapeutic aspects of HFE hemochromatosis for p.Cys282Tyr (C282Y/C282Y) homozygous genotype, based on the published scientific studies and guidelines, in a form that is reasonably comprehensible to patients and people without medical training. This final version was approved at the Hemochromatosis International meeting on 12th May 2017 in Los Angeles...
March 2018: Hepatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566051/trends-in-the-prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-components-in-south-korea-findings-from-the-korean-national-health-insurance-service-database-2009-2013
#14
Seung Eun Lee, Kyungdo Han, Yu Mi Kang, Seon-Ok Kim, Yun Kyung Cho, Kyung Soo Ko, Joong-Yeol Park, Ki-Up Lee, Eun Hee Koh
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome has markedly increased worldwide. However, studies in the United States show that it has remained stable or slightly declined in recent years. Whether this applies to other countries is presently unclear. OBJECTIVES: We examined the trends in the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its components in Korea. METHODS: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its components was estimated in adults aged >30 years from the Korean National Health Insurance Service data from 2009 to 2013...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554361/last-double-check-a-comprehensive-pre-regional-checklist-for-the-busy-institution
#15
Angelica G Mancone, Alyssa R Dickey, Brian M Fitzgerald, Gregory P Kraus, Sandeep T Dhanjal
Introduction: Wrong site peripheral nerve blocks are included in the National Quality Forum and Joint Commission's category of "never event." Multiple attempts have been made by various groups in an effort to eliminate these events. Prior attempts to eliminate these never events include the Regional Block Preprocedural Checklist provided by the American Society of Regional Anesthesia (ASRA) taskforce. Following a series of errors involving anticoagulation prior to regional anesthesia, our department saw a need for a more comprehensive checklist...
March 15, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544999/overweight-in-childhood-cancer-patients-at-diagnosis-and-throughout-therapy-a-multicentre-cohort-study
#16
Fabiën N Belle, Juliane Wenke-Zobler, Eva Cignacco, Ben D Spycher, Roland A Ammann, Claudia E Kuehni, Karin Zimmermann
BACKGROUND: Childhood cancer patients (CCP) have been reported to be at increased risk of becoming overweight during treatment. We assessed prevalence of overweight in CCP at diagnosis and at the end of treatment, determined risk factors, and identified weight change during treatment by type of cancer. METHODS: In a multicentre cohort study, we collected height and weight measurements of CCP at diagnosis and repeatedly during treatment. We calculated age- and sex-adjusted BMI Z-scores using references of the International Obesity Taskforce for children...
March 2, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542068/high-risk-stratified-neonatal-screening
#17
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVES: To ascertain the proportion of neonates and infants presenting with suspicion of an inborn error of metabolism in the centers identified by ICMR for newborn screening. METHODS: A set of red flag signs suggestive IEM were listed by the Taskforce members. The age group was limited to one year as it was understood that most of the small molecules with a severe phenotype would present before the age of one year. Further investigations were tandem mass spectrometry, gas chromatography mass spectrometry and high performance liquid chromatography...
March 15, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536581/a-practical-guideline-for-examining-a-uterine-niche-using-ultrasonography-in-non-pregnant-women-a-modified-delphi-method-amongst-european-experts
#18
I P M Jordans, R de Leeuw, S I Stegwee, N N Amso, P N Barri-Soldevila, T van den Bosch, T Bourne, H A M Brolmann, O Donnez, M Dueholm, W J K Hehenkamp, N Jastrow, D Jurkovic, R Mashiach, O Naji, I Streuli, D Timmerman, L F Vd Voet, J A F Huirne
OBJECTIVES: To generate a uniform, internationally recognized guideline for detailed uterine niche evaluation by ultrasonography in non-pregnant women using a modified Delphi method amongst international experts. METHODS: Fifteen international gynecological experts were recruited by their membership of the European niche taskforce group. All experts were physicians with extensive experience in niche evaluation in clinical practice and/or authors of niche studies...
March 14, 2018: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484965/advancing-progressive-health-policy-to-reduce-ncds-amidst-international-commercial-opposition-tobacco-standardised-packaging-in-australia
#19
Eric Crosbie, George Thomson, Becky Freeman, Stella Bialous
This study examines how health advocates and the Australian government responded to international commercial pressure during the implementation of tobacco standardised packaging (SP) as a measure to reduce non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Relevant government and NGO documents, and media items were reviewed. Policymakers and health advocates (n = 19) in Australia were interviewed. In 2009, Australia's National Health Taskforce recommended SP, which the Australian government announced in April 2010. In response, tobacco companies threatened the government with litigation in both domestic and international courts, claiming that SP would violate their investment and intellectual property rights...
February 27, 2018: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468724/a-roadmap-to-advance-dementia-research-in-prevention-diagnosis-intervention-and-care-by-2025
#20
James Pickett, Cathy Bird, Clive Ballard, Sube Banerjee, Carol Brayne, Katherine Cowan, Linda Clare, Adelina Comas-Herrera, Lynne Corner, Stephanie Daley, Martin Knapp, Louise Lafortune, Gill Livingston, Jill Manthorpe, Natalie Marchant, Jo Moriarty, Louise Robinson, Clare van Lynden, Gill Windle, Bob Woods, Katherine Gray, Clare Walton
OBJECTIVE: National and global dementia plans have focused on the research ambition to develop a cure or disease-modifying therapy by 2025, with the initial focus on investment in drug discovery approaches. We set out to develop complementary research ambitions in the areas of prevention, diagnosis, intervention, and care and strategies for achieving them. METHODS: Alzheimer's Society facilitated a taskforce of leading UK clinicians and researchers in dementia, UK funders of dementia research, people with dementia, and carer representatives to develop, using iterative consensus methodology, goals and recommendations to advance dementia research...
February 22, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
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