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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256346/past-present-and-future-of-barrett-s-oesophagus
#1
REVIEW
W K Tan, M di Pietro, R C Fitzgerald
Barrett's oesophagus is a condition which predisposes towards development of oesophageal adenocarcinoma, a highly lethal tumour which has been increasing in incidence in the Western world over the past three decades. There have been tremendous advances in the field of Barrett's oesophagus, not only in diagnostic modalities, but also in therapeutic strategies available to treat this premalignant disease. In this review, we discuss the past, present and future of Barrett's oesophagus. We describe the historical and new evolving diagnostic criteria of Barrett's oesophagus, while also comparing and contrasting the British Society of Gastroenterology guidelines, American College of Gastroenterology guidelines and International Benign Barrett's and CAncer Taskforce (BOBCAT) for Barrett's oesophagus...
February 16, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243186/a-framework-of-care-in-multiple-sclerosis-part-2-symptomatic-care-and-beyond
#2
Scott D Newsome, Philip J Aliotta, Jacquelyn Bainbridge, Susan E Bennett, Gary Cutter, Kaylan Fenton, Fred Lublin, Dorothy Northrop, David Rintell, Bryan D Walker, Megan Weigel, Kathleen Zackowski, David E Jones
The Consortium of Multiple Sclerosis Centers (CMSC) convened a Framework Taskforce composed of a multidisciplinary group of clinicians and researchers to examine and evaluate the current models of care in multiple sclerosis (MS). The methodology of this project included analysis of a needs assessment survey and an extensive literature review. The outcome of this work is a two-part continuing education series of articles. Part 1, published previously, covered the updated disease phenotypes of MS along with recommendations for the use of disease-modifying therapies...
January 2017: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241851/treatment-of-atopic-eczema-treat-registry-taskforce-protocol-for-an-international-delphi-exercise-to-identify-a-core-set-of-domains-and-domain-items-for-national-atopic-eczema-registries
#3
Louise A A Gerbens, Aaron E Boyce, Dmitri Wall, Sebastien Barbarot, Richard J de Booij, Mette Deleuran, Maritza A Middelkamp-Hup, Amanda Roberts, Christian Vestergaard, Stephan Weidinger, Christian J Apfelbacher, Alan D Irvine, Jochen Schmitt, Paula R Williamson, Phyllis I Spuls, Carsten Flohr
BACKGROUND: Patients with moderate-to-severe atopic eczema (AE) often require photo- or systemic immunomodulatory therapies to induce disease remission and maintain long-term control. The current evidence to guide clinical management is small, despite the frequent and often off-label use of these treatments. Registries of patients on photo- and systemic immunomodulatory therapies could fill this gap, and the collection of a core set concerning these therapies in AE will allow direct comparisons across registries as well as data sharing and pooling...
February 27, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188946/integration-of-cognitive-skills-as-a-cross-cutting-theme-into-the-undergraduate-medical-curriculum-at-tehran-university-of-medical-sciences
#4
Akbar Soltani, Maryam Allaa, Hamideh Moosapour, Azadeh Aletaha, Farzaneh Shahrtash, Alireza Monajemi, Tohid Arastoo, Maryam Ahmadinejad, Azim Mirzazadeh, Mahboobeh Khabaz Mafinejad
Nowadays, improvement of thinking skills of students is one of the universally supported aims in the majority of medical schools. This study aims to design longitudinal theme of reasoning, problem-solving and decision-making into the undergraduate medical curriculum at Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS). A participatory approach was applied to design the curriculum during 2009-2011. The project was conducted by the contribution of representatives of both basic and clinical faculty members, students and graduates at Tehran University of Medical Sciences...
January 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185126/zika-virus-and-neuroscience-the-need-for-a-translational-collaboration
#5
Lavínia Schuler-Faccini, Paulo Roehe, Eduardo R Zimmer, André Quincozes-Santos, Adriano M de Assis, Elizabeth Obino Cirne Lima, Jorge Almeida Guimarães, Cesar Victora, Vivaldo Moura Neto, Diogo O Souza
Zika virus (ZIKV) has become a major challenge for scientists and health agencies. ZIKV's involvement with human fetal microcephaly and Guillain-Barré syndrome and its transmission through Aedes africanus and Aedes aegypti mosquitos highlighted the epidemiological and neurological risks associated to ZIKV infection. In 2013, ZIKV arrives in Brazil but the first outbreak in the country was reported in 2015. Here, we used the Web of Science as a search tool for comparing the evolution of world and Brazilian scientific research on dengue virus (DENV)-also present in mosquito-, ZIKV and microcephaly...
February 9, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181666/a-partnership-model-to-improve-population-health-screening-for-noncommunicable-conditions-and-their-common-risk-factors-qazvin-islamic-republic-of-iran
#6
S Alikhani, B Damari
Early findings and management of health conditions are among the key functions of health care systems. We developed a partnership framework to establish an extended primary health care-based selective screening service for the entire population of a small town as a key project of Qazvin Health Plan, Qazvin, Islamic Republic of Iran. Eight scientific associations and a diverse technical taskforce extensively reviewed evidence to adapt the grade A and B preventive recommendations of the American Preventive Service Taskforce...
February 1, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168602/preliminary-evidence-on-the-uptake-use-and-benefits-of-the-consort-pro-extension
#7
Rebecca Mercieca-Bebber, Julie Rouette, Melanie Calvert, Madeleine T King, Lori McLeod, Patricia Holch, Michael J Palmer, Michael Brundage
PURPOSE: This study assessed the uptake of the CONsolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT)-Patient-Reported Outcomes (PRO) statement; determined if use of CONSORT-PRO was associated with more complete reporting of PRO endpoints in randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and identified the extent to which high-impact journals publishing RCTs with PRO endpoints endorse CONSORT-PRO. METHODS: CONSORT-PRO citations were identified by systematically searching Medline, EMBASE and Google from 2013 (year CONSORT-PRO released) to 17 December 2015...
February 7, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161247/evidence-based-national-suicide-prevention-taskforce-in-europe-a-consensus-position-paper
#8
Gil Zalsman, Keith Hawton, Danuta Wasserman, Kees van Heeringen, Ella Arensman, Marco Sarchiapone, Vladimir Carli, Cyril Höschl, Petr Winkler, Judit Balazs, György Purebl, Jean Pierre Kahn, Pilar Alejandra Sáiz, Julio Bobes, Doina Cozman, Ulrich Hegerl, Elmārs Rancāns, Gergö Hadlaczky, Chantal Van Audenhove, Haggy Hermesh, Merike Sisask, Armen Melik Peschayan, Nestor Kapusta, Virginja Adomaitiene, Vesta Steibliene, Iwowa Kosiewska, Vsevolod Rozanov, Philp Courtet, Joseph Zohar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137497/interstitial-pneumonia-with-autoimmune-features-clinical-radiologic-and-histological-characteristics-and-outcome-in-a-series-of-57-patients
#9
Kais Ahmad, Thomas Barba, Delphine Gamondes, Marylise Ginoux, Chahera Khouatra, Paolo Spagnolo, Mary Strek, Françoise Thivolet-Béjui, Julie Traclet, Vincent Cottin
BACKGROUND: Interstitial pneumonia with autoimmune features (IPAF) has recently been defined by an international Taskforce to characterize interstitial lung disease associated with systemic manifestations limited to subtle serological and clinical autoimmune abnormalities and not fulfilling the international criteria for the diagnosis of a given connective tissue disease. OBJECTIVE: to report on a series of patients with IPAF, and to compare their outcome to that of a cohort of patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF)...
February 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115438/family-medicine-education-in-rural-communities-as-a-health-service-intervention-supporting-recruitment-and-retention-of-physicians-advancing-rural-family-medicine-the-canadian-collaborative-taskforce
#10
REVIEW
Trina Larsen Soles, C Ruth Wilson, Ivy F Oandasan
OBJECTIVE: To develop a pan-Canadian rural education road map to advance the recruitment and retention of family physicians in rural, remote, and isolated regions of Canada in order to improve access and health care outcomes for these populations. COMPOSITION OF THE TASK FORCE: Members of the task force were chosen from key stakeholder groups including educators, practitioners, the College of Family Physicians of Canada education committee chairs, deans, chairs of family medicine, experts in rural education, and key decision makers...
January 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109653/an-examination-of-outlaw-motorcycle-gangs-and-their-involvement-in-the-illicit-drug-market-and-the-effectiveness-of-anti-association-legislative-responses
#11
Terry Goldsworthy, Laura McGillivray
BACKGROUND: In 2013 the Queensland Government introduced criminal association and mandatory sentencing laws for members of outlaw motorcycle gangs (OMCGs). Forms of "criminal association" or "anti-bikie" laws have been introduced in several Australian jurisdictions, and recent High Court decisions upholding their constitutionality will ensure that they remain part of our justice landscape. Generally, the aims of these laws are to declare a specific organisation as "criminal" and impose various legal orders and offences that thwart the consorting of members and address organised crime, such as unexplained wealth regimes...
January 18, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103536/evidence-based-guidelines-for-the-use-of-tracheostomy-in-critically-ill-patients
#12
Néstor Raimondi, Macarena R Vial, José Calleja, Agamenón Quintero, Albán Cortés, Edgar Celis, Clara Pacheco, Sebastián Ugarte, José M Añón, Gonzalo Hernández, Erick Vidal, Guillermo Chiappero, Fernando Ríos, Fernando Castilleja, Alfredo Matos, Enith Rodriguez, Paulo Antoniazzi, José Mario Teles, Carmelo Dueñas, Jorge Sinclair, Lorenzo Martínez, Ingrid von der Osten, José Vergara, Edgar Jiménez, Max Arroyo, Camilo Rodríguez, Javier Torres, Sebastián Fernandez-Bussy, Joseph L Nates
OBJECTIVES: To provide evidence-based guidelines for tracheostomy in critically ill adult patients and identify areas needing further research. METHODS: A taskforce composed of representatives of 10 member countries of the Pan-American and Iberic Federation of Societies of Critical and Intensive Therapy Medicine and of the Latin American Critical Care Trial Investigators Network developed recommendations based on the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation system...
April 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059446/elimination-of-pain-improves-specificity-of-clinical-diagnostic-criteria-for-adult-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#13
Scott D Hirsch, Evan R Reiter, Laurence J DiNardo, Wen Wan, Theodore A Schuman
OBJECTIVE: Determine whether the elimination of pain improves accuracy of clinical diagnostic criteria for adult chronic rhinosinusitis. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. METHODS: History, symptoms, nasal endoscopy, and computed tomography (CT) results were analyzed for 1,186 adults referred to an academic otolaryngology clinic with presumptive diagnosis of chronic rhinosinusitis. Clinical diagnosis was rendered using the 1997 Rhinosinusitis Taskforce (RSTF) Guidelines and a modified version eliminating facial pain, ear pain, dental pain, and headache...
January 6, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057001/improved-trends-in-cardiovascular-complications-among-subjects-with-type-2-diabetes-in-korea-a-nationwide-study-2006-2013
#14
Chang Hee Jung, Jin Ook Chung, Kyungdo Han, Seung-Hyun Ko, Kyung Soo Ko, Joong-Yeol Park
BACKGROUND: Representative data on the secular trends in cardiovascular disease (CVD) are limited in Asian populations with diabetes. We aimed to estimate the temporal trends in cardiovascular complications using Korean nationwide whole population-based claims data in subjects with and without diabetes. METHODS: Type 2 diabetes was defined as a current medication history of anti-diabetic drugs and the presence of International Classification of Diseases (ICD)-10 codes (E11-E14) as diagnosis...
January 6, 2017: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049168/2017-ers-ats-standards-for-single-breath-carbon-monoxide-uptake-in-the-lung
#15
Brian L Graham, Vito Brusasco, Felip Burgos, Brendan G Cooper, Robert Jensen, Adrian Kendrick, Neil R MacIntyre, Bruce R Thompson, Jack Wanger
This document provides an update to the European Respiratory Society (ERS)/American Thoracic Society (ATS) technical standards for single-breath carbon monoxide uptake in the lung that was last updated in 2005. Although both DLCO (diffusing capacity) and TLCO (transfer factor) are valid terms to describe the uptake of carbon monoxide in the lung, the term DLCO is used in this document. A joint taskforce appointed by the ERS and ATS reviewed the recent literature on the measurement of DLCO and surveyed the current technical capabilities of instrumentation being manufactured around the world...
January 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040092/global-access-to-radiotherapy-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#16
M Abdel-Wahab, E Fidarova, A Polo
Over the last 60 years, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has been working to introduce, expand and improve radiotherapy services, working with partners such as the World Health Organization (WHO) to improve cancer diagnosis, treatment, care and control through collective action in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). The Lancet Oncology Commission on radiotherapy published a report that defined five calls for action to expand global access to radiotherapy, drawing on the previous work of the Global Taskforce on Radiotherapy for Cancer Control...
February 2017: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991858/eular-definition-of-arthralgia-suspicious-for-progression-to-rheumatoid-arthritis
#17
Hanna W van Steenbergen, Daniel Aletaha, Liesbeth J J Beaart-van de Voorde, Elisabeth Brouwer, Catalin Codreanu, Bernard Combe, João E Fonseca, Merete L Hetland, Frances Humby, Tore K Kvien, Karin Niedermann, Laura Nuño, Sue Oliver, Solbritt Rantapää-Dahlqvist, Karim Raza, Dirkjan van Schaardenburg, Georg Schett, Liesbeth De Smet, Gabriella Szücs, Jirí Vencovský, Piotr Wiland, Maarten de Wit, Robert L Landewé, Annette H M van der Helm-van Mil
BACKGROUND: During the transition to rheumatoid arthritis (RA) many patients pass through a phase characterised by the presence of symptoms without clinically apparent synovitis. These symptoms are not well-characterised. This taskforce aimed to define the clinical characteristics of patients with arthralgia who are considered at risk for RA by experts based on their clinical experience. METHODS: The taskforce consisted of 18 rheumatologists, 1 methodologist, 2 patients, 3 health professionals and 1 research fellow...
March 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956083/-lung-screening
#18
REVIEW
B Milleron, V Gounant, A Khalil, S Couraud
The NLST study found in more than 53,000 (former-) heavy smokers that annual screening with low-dose CT-scan (LDCT) reduced lung cancer mortality and overall mortality by 20% and 6.7% respectively. However, several potential harms of such screening strategy were underlined: over-diagnosis bias, irradiation risk, and the high rate of false-positive results that could lead to futile invasive (and potentially harmful) exams, to impact quality of life, to increase patient's anxiety and costs. All these concerns were largely debated in several recent publications...
February 2017: Revue de Pneumologie Clinique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927866/expert-consensus-on-metrics-to-assess-the-impact-of-patient-level-antimicrobial-stewardship-interventions-in-acute-care-settings
#19
Rebekah W Moehring, Deverick J Anderson, Ronda L Cochran, Lauri A Hicks, Arjun Srinivasan, Elizabeth S Dodds Ashley
Antimicrobial stewardship programs (ASPs) positively impact patient care, but metrics to assess ASP impact are poorly defined. We used a modified Delphi approach to select relevant metrics for assessing patient-level interventions in acute-care settings for the purposes of internal program decision making. An expert panel rated 90 candidate metrics on a 9-point Likert scale for association with 4 criteria: improved antimicrobial prescribing, improved patient care, utility in targeting stewardship efforts, and feasibility in hospitals with electronic health records...
February 1, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924736/-septic-arthritis-after-intra-articular-injection-is-rare-does-the-taskforce-infection-prevention-use-a-sledgehammer-to-crack-a-nut
#20
M L Bruens, H J van der Zaag-Loonen, F Steenstra, A M Stemerding, S Wijngaarden
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of septic arthritis (SA) after a joint puncture and reconsider the value of the hygiene measures stipulated by the Taskforce Infection Prevention (TIF). DESIGN: Prospective study. METHOD: We determined the number of joint punctures among general practitioners and specialists in the Apeldoorn area during a three-month period (from October 1, 2013 to December 31, 2013). Secondly, we performed an analysis on the incidence of SAs in this period and the subsequent month, and ascertained if these were related to a joint puncture...
2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
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