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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812487/modern-management-of-perinatal-psychiatric-disorders-second-edition-henshaw-carol-cox-john-barton-joanne-modern-management-of-perinatal-psychiatric-disorders-second-edition-330pp-%C3%A2-35-rcpsych-publications-9781909726772-190972677x-formula-see-text
#1
(no author information available yet)
This book presents a comprehensive synthesis of the evidence on perinatal mental health disorders. Written by perinatal and child psychiatrists, the book provides information for midwives, nurses and other professionals on the care of women with perinatal mental health disorders.
August 16, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812400/new-benzodiazepine-and-z-hypnotic-users-and-disability-pension-an-eight-year-nationwide-observational-follow-up-study
#2
Ingunn F Tvete, Trine Bjørner, Tor Skomedal
OBJECTIVE: To compare how newly initiated treatment with benzodiazepines, Z-hypnotics or both associates with the reception of disability pension among 40,661 individuals of a working age. DESIGN: Prescription register study. SETTING: Norwegian nationwide prescriptions socio-economic and disability status data. METHODS: Cox regression analyses. SUBJECTS: New benzodiazepine or Z-hypnotic users. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Time to receive disability pension given benzodiazepine or Z-hypnotic use or both...
August 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812368/how-psychiatrists-recommend-treatment-and-its-relationship-with-patient-uptake
#3
Laura Thompson, Rose McCabe
Consultations for patients with chronic mental health conditions are conceived as meetings of experts: medical and experiential, respectively. Treatment decisions, in these terms, become a joint responsibility rather than handed down ex-cathedra. One resource for constituting decisions as 'shared' is the treatment recommendation - decisional authority can be invoked through its design. There is concern that people diagnosed with schizophrenia are infrequently involved in treatment decisions. However, the methods psychiatrists actually employ remain undefined...
August 16, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811927/premature-deaths-among-individuals-with-severe-mental-illness-after-discharge-from-long-term-hospitalisation-in-japan-a-naturalistic-observation-during-a-24-year-period
#4
Shinsuke Kondo, Yousuke Kumakura, Akiko Kanehara, Daisuke Nagato, Taro Ueda, Tsuneo Matsuoka, Yukiko Tao, Kiyoto Kasai
BACKGROUND: Premature death in individuals with severe mental illness (SMI) in countries without nationally collected data, including Japan, is structurally underreported. AIMS: To elucidate excess mortality among individuals with SMI in Japan. METHOD: We retrospectively investigated all deaths among users of a non-clinical community-based mental health service provider in suburban Tokyo from 1992 to 2015. RESULTS: During the study period, 45 individuals died among 254 qualified registrants...
July 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811926/postinjection-delirium-sedation-syndrome-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-receiving-olanzapine-long-acting-injection-results-from-a-large-observational-study
#5
Kristin J Meyers, Himanshu P Upadhyaya, John L Landry, Rashna Chhabra-Khanna, Deborah M Falk, Balasubramanya Seetharama Rao, Meghan E Jones
BACKGROUND: Postinjection delirium/sedation syndrome (PDSS) has been reported uncommonly during treatment with olanzapine long-acting injection (LAI), a sustained-release formulation of olanzapine. AIMS: The primary aim of the study was to estimate the incidence per injection and per patient of PDSS events in adult patients with schizophrenia who were receiving olanzapine LAI in real-world clinical practice. Secondary aims were to further characterise the clinical presentation of PDSS events, to identify potential risk factors associated with PDSS events and to characterise hospitalisations at baseline and post-baseline...
July 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811918/shared-decision-making-in-medication-management-development-of-a-training-intervention
#6
Ute Stead, Nicola Morant, Shulamit Ramon
Shared decision-making is a collaborative process in which clinicians and patients make treatment decisions together. Although it is considered essential to patient-centred care, the adoption of shared decision-making into routine clinical practice has been slow, and there is a need to increase implementation. This paper describes the development and delivery of a training intervention to promote shared decision-making in medication management in mental health as part of the Shared Involvement in Medication Management Education (ShIMME) project...
August 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810472/the-rapid-expansion-of-mainstream-health-psychology-in-france-historical-foundations
#7
Marie Santiago-Delefosse, Maria Del Rio Carral
This article traces the historical evolution of ongoing theoretical debates in psychology in France from the 1940s until today. Its aim is to show how the conjunction of certain conditions was determinant for a rapid expansion of American-derived mainstream health psychology during the 1980s. The authors describe the French context in the post-World War II period that made possible the introduction of psychology courses at the university, which included the tensions between two epistemological orientations: experimental psychology and clinical psychology, the latter partly inspired by Politzer's concrete psychology...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809602/fertility-preservation-and-sexual-health-after-cancer-therapy
#8
Nigel Pereira, Glenn L Schattman
Recent developments in cancer diagnostics and treatments have considerably improved long-term survival rates. Despite improvements in chemotherapy regimens, more focused radiotherapy and diverse surgical options, cancer treatments often have gonadotoxic side-effects that can manifest as loss of fertility or sexual dysfunction, particularly in young cancer survivors. In this review, we focus on two pertinent quality-of-life issues in female cancer survivors of reproductive age-fertility preservation and sexual function...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807498/vascular-pathology-and-trajectories-of-late-life-major-depressive-disorder-in-secondary-psychiatric-care
#9
Katherine L Musliner, Peter P Zandi, Xiaoqin Liu, Thomas M Laursen, Trine Munk-Olsen, Preben B Mortensen, William W Eaton
OBJECTIVE: To examine 5-year trajectories of psychiatrist-treated late-life major depressive disorder (MDD), and evaluate whether previous vascular pathology is associated with more severe trajectories of late-life MDD. METHODS: Data were obtained from nationally representative civil, psychiatric, hospital, and prescription registers in Denmark. The sample included 11,092 older adults (≥60 years) who received their first diagnosis of MDD in a psychiatric facility in Denmark between 2000 and 2007...
July 12, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805767/-w-griesinger-a-famous-european-psychiatrist-the-200-anniversary-of-birth
#10
S A Ovsyannikov, A S Ovsyannikov
The article contains curriculum vitae of W. Griesinger and an analysis of the clinical-psychopathological approach developed by him for studying illnesses and their systematization. The stages of psychosis' progression in dynamics are shown. A clinical description of primary emerged dementia made by W. Griesinger as well as a description of the status of Grubelsucht, first discovered by the psychiatrist, are presented. The article emphasizes W. Griesinger' priority in the determination of reflexes' exclusive role in the appearance and further development of all types of mental disorders...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805404/mixed-methods-evaluation-of-a-collaborative-care-implementation-using-re-aim
#11
Bethany M Kwan, Sanjay Chadha, Mika K Hamer, David Spagnolo, Sheila Kee
INTRODUCTION: Application of the reach, effectiveness, adoption, implementation, and maintenance (RE-AIM) framework using mixed methods to evaluate a collaborative care practice implementation can inform the literature on real-world collaborative care experiences. METHOD: Two primary care practices serving Niagara Falls, NY, implemented collaborative care. Adults age 18 and over were screened at least annually for depression, anxiety, and alcohol use using the 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), the 7-item Generalized Anxiety Disorder questionnaire (GAD-7), and the AUDIT alcohol consumption questionnaire (AUDIT-C)...
August 14, 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805154/mental-health-literacy-stigma-and-perception-of-causation-of-mental-illness-among-chinese-people-in-taiwan
#12
Xiao Yu Zhuang, Daniel Fu Keung Wong, Chi-Wei Cheng, Shu-Man Pan
BACKGROUND: Few studies have been performed to explore mental health literacy and stigmatising attitudes towards mental illness and their relationships with causal beliefs about mental illness among Chinese people in Taiwan. AIMS: Using a comparative approach, this study attempted to compare the mental health literacy and stigmatising attitudes of Taiwanese Chinese with those found among Australian and Japanese participants in other studies and to explore how mental health literacy and stigmatising attitudes relate to different perceptions of causes of mental illness...
September 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805127/the-role-of-heroic-doubling-in-ideologically-motivated-state-and-terrorist-violence
#13
Roger Griffin
The psychiatrist Robert Lifton developed his model of 'doubling' to account for the capacity of some human beings to commit atrocities in one compartment of their lives, while continuing to maintain normal social relations in their domestic sphere, a phenomenon which he encountered both in interviews with former Nazi doctors working in concentration camps, and with terrorists belonging to the Japanese Aum Shinrikyo cult. By supplementing this model with a theory of heroization based on existential anthropology and Jung's concept of the Shadow, a composite heuristic explanatory paradigm is formed, 'heroic doubling', which may contribute to the empathetic understanding of acts of extreme violence being carried out by individuals who do not present symptoms of psychiatric disorder and maintain normal existences, yet are prepared to kill and be killed for a cause that confers on their lives a sense of transcendent purpose and sacrality...
August 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805124/migration-violence-and-the-role-of-psychiatry-in-italy
#14
Antonio Ventriglio, Antonello Bellomo, Giovanna Vitrani, Eleonora Stella, Alessandro Gentile, Dinesh Bhugra
Immigration to Italy has been increasing exponentially in the last decades due to the international political changes and conflicts in the Middle East. The relationship between immigration and crimes is a debated issue, and violent radicalization of second or third generations of migrants is under increased scrutiny. Consequently, many politicians and political parties use nationalist and xenophobic language. Inevitably, this will have an impact on reactions of the larger population, as well as that of migrants...
August 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804581/influence-of-eysenckian-personality-traits-in-choice-of-specialization-by-young-omani-doctors
#15
Mohammed Al-Alawi, Hamed Al-Sinawi, Salim Al-Husseini, Samir Al-Adawi, Sathiya Murthi Panchatcharam, Sahar Khan, Lakshmanan Jeyaseelan
OBJECTIVES: The role of personality in occupational specialty choices has been explored in many parts of the world. To our knowledge, there is a dearth of such studies in the Arab/Islamic population and Oman is no exception. This study aimed to explore the relationship between personality traits and specialty choice among residents of Oman Medical Specialty Board (OMSB). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out among Omani resident physicians working under OMSB...
July 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800809/legal-and-ethical-challenges-in-emergency-psychiatry-part-2-management-of-inmates
#16
REVIEW
Andrew Foote, Britta Ostermeyer
Psychiatrists and clinicians encounter unique situations, challenges, and requirements in the treatment of jail and prison inmates in the emergency department. This article reviews the historical legal highlights pertaining to medical and psychiatric care of inpatients, as well as the professional, ethical, and legal aspects that allow clinicians to evaluate, treat, and properly disposition their inmate patients. In particular, this article discusses the specific suicide risk factors related to inmates and correctional facilities that should be ascertained and managed in a clinician's suicide risk assessment and intervention planning in this special high suicide risk patient population...
September 2017: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796920/recommendations-for-the-management-of-comorbidity-in-hidradenitis-suppurativa
#17
E Dauden, P Lazaro, M D Aguilar, A J Blasco, C Suarez, I Marin, R Queiro, J Bassas-Vila, A Martorell, J García-Campayo
BACKGROUND: The association between hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) and some diseases is becoming relevant in recent years. Providing appropriate management of HS from an early stage requires to include prompt diagnosis and treatment of concomitant diseases and to prevent any potential comorbidity. This approach should consider the adverse events of the drugs used to treat HS potentially related to the onset of a comorbidity. OBJECTIVE: To provide the dermatologist with an accurate, easily used tool that will inform the diagnosis of HS comorbidity, and to facilitate decision-making regarding the referral and treatment of patient with HS-associated comorbidity...
August 10, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794897/uncovering-capgras-delusion-using-a-large-scale-medical-records-database
#18
Vaughan Bell, Caryl Marshall, Zara Kanji, Sam Wilkinson, Peter Halligan, Quinton Deeley
BACKGROUND: Capgras delusion is scientifically important but most commonly reported as single case studies. Studies analysing large clinical records databases focus on common disorders but none have investigated rare syndromes. AIMS: Identify cases of Capgras delusion and associated psychopathology, demographics, cognitive function and neuropathology in light of existing models. METHOD: Combined computational data extraction and qualitative classification using 250 000 case records from South London and Maudsley Clinical Record Interactive Search (CRIS) database...
July 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794896/prevalence-of-and-associations-with-agitation-in-residents-with-dementia-living-in-care-homes-marque-cross-sectional-study
#19
Gill Livingston, Julie Barber, Louise Marston, Penny Rapaport, Deborah Livingston, Sian Cousins, Sarah Robertson, Francesca La Frenais, Claudia Cooper
BACKGROUND: Agitation is reportedly the most common neuropsychiatric symptom in care home residents with dementia. AIMS: To report, in a large care home survey, prevalence and determinants of agitation in residents with dementia. METHOD: We interviewed staff from 86 care homes between 13 January 2014 and 12 November 2015 about residents with dementia with respect to agitation (Cohen-Mansfield Agitation Inventory (CMAI)), quality of life (DEMQOL-proxy) and dementia severity (Clinical Dementia Rating)...
July 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793817/patient-identified-priorities-leading-to-attempted-suicide
#20
Niklaus Stulz, Urs Hepp, Dominic G Gosoniu, Leticia Grize, Flavio Muheim, Mitchell G Weiss, Anita Riecher-Rössler
BACKGROUND: Attempted suicide is a major public health problem. AIM: The aim of this study was to identify patient-identified problems and triggers typically leading to attempted suicide. METHOD: A representative sample of 66 adult patients was recruited from all clinical sites and psychiatrists who treat patients after attempted suicide in the Canton of Basel-City (Switzerland). Patients were diagnosed using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID) and interviewed with a local adaptation of the Explanatory Model Interview Catalogue (EMIC) to study underlying problems and triggers of attempted suicide...
August 10, 2017: Crisis
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