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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341261/consensus-statements-on-the-clinical-understanding-and-use-of-milnacipran-in-hong-kong
#1
REVIEW
Wing King Lee, Kwok Leung Au Yeung, Ho Bun Lam, Chi Keung Wong, Ming Kai Au, Hoi Yee Karina Chan, Yat Wo Eric Cheung, Wing Ho Chui, Ting Chi Vanessa Wong, Chi Kin Fu, Shiu Kow Sham, Ki Yan Mak
OBJECTIVE: Our aim is to develop a local consensus to guide medical practitioners and psychiatrists on the use of milnacipran in different psychiatric conditions. METHODS: By utilizing the modified Delphi technique, 12 statements were electronically voted on anonymously for their practicability of recommendation. RESULTS: There was a very high degree of agreement among the consensus group on 10 finalized consensus statements, but 2 statements were voted down due to a poor degree of agreement...
January 17, 2018: Human Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341053/-the-use-of-anticonvulsants-and-the-levels-of-folate-vitamin-b12-and-homocysteine
#2
D Dinç, P F J Schulte
BACKGROUND Patients with epilepsy who use anticonvulsants frequently show low levels of folate and vitamin B12 and high levels of homocysteine. Patients with bipolar disorder use some anticonvulsants as mood stabilisers.<br/> AIM: To determine whether some anticonvulsants lower folate and vitamin B12 and raise homocysteine levels.<br/> METHOD: Systematic literature search to determine the relation between the anticonvulsants valproic acid, carbamazepine, lamotrigine and topiramate on the one hand and blood levels of folate, vitamin B12 and homocysteine on the other hand...
2018: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340272/migraine-preventive-prescription-patterns-by-physician-specialty-in-ambulatory-care-settings-in-the-united-states
#3
Hiroko Takaki, Daisuke Onozuka, Akihito Hagihara
Many adults with migraine who require preventive therapy are often not prescribed the proper medications. The most likely reason is that primary care physicians are unacquainted with preventive medications for migraine. The present study assessed the migraine-preventive prescription patterns in office visits using data from the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey from 2006 to 2009 in the United States. Patients who were 18 years or older and diagnosed with migraine were included in the analysis. In accordance with the recommendations of the headache guidelines, we included beta-blockers, antidepressants, triptans for short-term prevention of menstrual migraine, and other triptans for acute treatment...
March 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338602/sequential-drug-treatment-algorithm-for-agitation-and-aggression-in-alzheimer-s-and-mixed-dementia
#4
Simon Jc Davies, Amer M Burhan, Donna Kim, Philip Gerretsen, Ariel Graff-Guerrero, Vincent L Woo, Sanjeev Kumar, Sarah Colman, Bruce G Pollock, Benoit H Mulsant, Tarek K Rajji
INTRODUCTION: Behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) include agitation and aggression in people with dementia. BPSD is common on inpatient psychogeriatric units and may prevent individuals from living at home or in residential/nursing home settings. Several drugs and non-pharmacological treatments have been shown to be effective in reducing behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia. Algorithmic treatment may address the challenge of synthesizing this evidence-based knowledge...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338288/transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-tms-safety-a-practical-guide-for-psychiatrists
#5
Rohan Taylor, Veronica Galvez, Colleen Loo
OBJECTIVES: Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is increasingly being utilised as a treatment option for depression, and with this comes a need for a practical review of safety issues intended for clinicians. This article provides an overview of the current literature regarding safety issues with rTMS for depression, and provides recommendations for clinical practice. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, rTMS is a well-tolerated treatment with common side effects (such as headache or local pain at the site of stimulation) being mild...
January 1, 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337888/depression-symptom-patterns-and-social-correlates-among-chinese-americans
#6
Lin Zhu
The aim of this study is to examine and compare the depression symptoms pattern and social correlates in three groups: foreign-born Chinese Americans, US-born Chinese Americans, and non-Hispanic whites. This study used data from the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys (CPES). The study sample consists of 599 Chinese Americans (468 for the foreign-born and 121 for the US-born) and 4032 non-Hispanic whites. Factor analysis was used to examine the depression symptom patterns by each subgroup. Four depression symptoms dimensions were examined: negative affect, somatic symptoms, cognitive symptoms, and suicidality...
January 16, 2018: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336787/clinical-severity-alone-does-not-determine-disposition-decisions-for-patients-in-the-emergency-department-with-suicide-risk
#7
David S Kroll, Jennifer Karno, Brian Mullen, Sejal B Shah, Daniel J Pallin, David F Gitlin
BACKGROUND: Boarding of patients with suicide risk in emergency departments (EDs) negatively affects both patients and society. Factors other than clinical severity may frequently preclude safe outpatient dispositions among suicidal patients boarding for psychiatric admission in the ED. OBJECTIVE: To determine the extent to which nonclinical factors preclude safe outpatient discharge from the ED among patients boarding for psychiatric admission based on suicide risk...
December 7, 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335149/-learning-to-separate-together-the-separation-individuation-group
#8
Gwénäelle Andro
The 'separation-individuation' group is offered to children aged between three and five, in outpatient consultations with a paediatric psychiatrist. It was created following the testimonies of early childhood professionals describing the feeling on the part of parents of being torn from their child, during the first year of school. Open and held on a weekly basis, it is combined with a parents' meeting organised simultaneously. The individualised group tool supports the separation-individuation process when this is particularly painful, for the child and the parents...
January 2018: Soins. Pédiatrie, Puériculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335033/should-capacity-assessments-be-performed-routinely-prior-to-discussing-advance-care-planning-with-older-people
#9
Oleg Kiriaev, Emme Chacko, J D Jurgens, Meagan Ramages, Phillipa Malpas, Gary Cheung
BACKGROUND: People with dementia receive worse end of life care compared to those with cancer. Barriers to undertaking advanced care planning (ACP) in people with dementia include the uncertainty about their capacity to engage in such discussions. The primary aim of this study was to compare the Advance Care Planning-Capacity Assessment Vignette tool (ACP-CAV) with a semi-structured interview adapted from the MacArthur Competence Assessment Tool-Treatment (MacCAT-T). The secondary aim was to identify demographic and cognitive functioning variables that may predict whether a person has capacity to discuss ACP...
January 16, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334880/variability-in-clinical-outcomes-for-youths-treated-for-subthreshold-severe-mental-disorders-at-an-early-intervention-service
#10
Shane P Cross, Jan L Scott, Daniel F Hermens, Ian B Hickie
OBJECTIVE: The study assessed the longitudinal clinical and functional outcomes of young people receiving early intervention services for subthreshold manifestations of severe mental disorders at a youth mental health service in Sydney, Australia. METHODS: The six-month, prospective, longitudinal study collected data on clinical outcomes of 243 young people treated for subsyndromal presentations of putative major mental disorders. Reliable change index scores and effect sizes were calculated to compare results at baseline, three months, and six months for measures of symptoms (Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale [BPRS]), psychological distress (Kessler 10 [K10]), and social functioning (Social and Occupational Functioning Assessment Scale [SOFAS])...
January 16, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334879/the-extent-to-which-psychiatrists-diagnose-and-treat-substance-use-disorders
#11
Tami L Mark, Angélica Meinhofer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 16, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331978/postdischarge-service-utilisation-and-outcomes-among-chinese-and-south-asian-psychiatric-inpatients-in-ontario-canada-a-population-based-cohort-study
#12
Maria Chiu, Evgenia Gatov, Juveria Zaheer, Michael Lebenbaum, Longdi Fu, Alice Newman, Paul Kurdyak
OBJECTIVE: We sought to examine the short-term and long-term impacts of psychiatric hospitalisations among patients of Chinese and South Asian origin. DESIGN: Retrospective population-based cohort study using linked health administrative data. SETTING: We examined all adult psychiatric inpatients discharged between 1 April 2006 and 31 March 2014 in Ontario, Canada, who were classified as Chinese, South Asian and all other ethnicities (ie, 'general population') using a validated algorithm...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331600/a-real-world-study-on-the-genetic-cognitive-and-psychopathological-differences-of-obese-patients-clustered-according-to-eating-behaviours
#13
Mariarita Caroleo, Amedeo Primerano, Marianna Rania, Matteo Aloi, Valentina Pugliese, Fabio Magliocco, Gilda Fazia, Andrea Filippo, Flora Sinopoli, Marco Ricchio, Franco Arturi, Susana Jimenez-Murcia, Fernando Fernandez-Aranda, Pasquale De Fazio, Cristina Segura-Garcia
BACKGROUND: Considering that specific genetic profiles, psychopathological conditions and neurobiological systems underlie human behaviours, the phenotypic differentiation of obese patients according to eating behaviours should be investigated. The aim of this study was to classify obese patients according to their eating behaviours and to compare these clusters in regard to psychopathology, personality traits, neurocognitive patterns and genetic profiles. METHODS: A total of 201 obese outpatients seeking weight reduction treatment underwent a dietetic visit, psychological and psychiatric assessment and genotyping for SCL6A2 polymorphisms...
December 14, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329259/extreme-overvalued-beliefs-how-violent-extremist-beliefs-become-normalized
#14
Tahir Rahman
Extreme overvalued beliefs (EOB) are rigidly held, non-deusional beliefs that are the motive behind most acts of terrorism and mass shootings. EOBs are differentiated from delusions and obsessions. The concept of an overvalued idea was first described by Wernicke and later applied to terrorism by McHugh. Our group of forensic psychiatrists (Rahman, Resnick, Harry) refined the definition as an aid in the differential diagnosis seen in acts of violence. The form and content of EOBs is discussed as well as group effects, conformity, and obedience to authority...
January 12, 2018: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321713/two-branches-of-the-same-tree-a-brief-history-of-turkish-neuropsychiatric-society-1914-2016
#15
Fatih Artvinli, Şahap Erkoç, Fulya Kardeş
Introduction: The aim of this article is to provide a brief history of Turkish Neuropsychiatric Society by examining its institutional background, the milestones within its history, and the major activities undertaken by the organization during the years. Methods: Firstly, the books, journals, and articles that are related to the history of psychiatry and neurology in Turkey have been reviewed and the information that can explain the history of the society has been brought together...
December 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321701/psychotherapy-playing-the-three-monkeys-in-mental-health-service-provision
#16
Çiğdem Dereboy, Hakan Şenel, Cennet Şafak Öztürk, Mehmet Şakiroğlu, Mehmet Eskin
Introduction: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of sociodemographic variables on the knowledge of, demand for, and reception of psychotherapy as a treatment modality among psychiatric outpatients. Methods: Participants of the study were 240 psychiatric outpatients (170 females and 70 males). Data for mental health services were collected from a subgroup of 103 "experienced" patients (42.9%) having had received psychiatric help previously...
December 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320384/cannabinoid-hyperemesis-syndrome-and-the-consulting-psychiatrist-a-case-study-of-diagnosis-and-treatment-for-an-emerging-disorder-in-psychiatric-practice
#17
Kristopher A Kast, Liliya Gershengoren
The increasing prevalence of cannabis use in the United States requires awareness of cannabis-related disorders and familiarity with treatment options. We present a case of cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome that required psychiatric consultation for diagnostic clarification and effective treatment with intravenous haloperidol. Literature from emergency medicine, toxicology, and gastroenterology is reviewed, including proposed diagnostic criteria for cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome and reported off-label treatment options, with a specific focus on clinical questions facing the practicing psychiatrist regarding this emerging disorder...
January 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320378/an-examination-of-fluoxetine-for-the-treatment-of-selective-mutism-using-a-nonconcurrent-multiple-baseline-single-case-design-across-5-cases
#18
Justin A Barterian, Joel M Sanchez, Jed Magen, Allison K Siroky, Brittany L Mash, John S Carlson
This study examined the utility of fluoxetine in the treatment of 5 children, aged 5 to 14 years, diagnosed with selective mutism who also demonstrated symptoms of social anxiety. A nonconcurrent, randomized, multiple-baseline, single-case design with a single-blind placebo-controlled procedure was used. Parents and the study psychiatrist completed multiple methods of assessment including Direct Behavior Ratings and questionnaires. Treatment outcomes were evaluated by calculating effect sizes for each participant as an individual and for the participants as a group...
January 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319875/association-between-sensory-impairment-and-dementia-in-older-adults-evidence-from-china
#19
Yanan Luo, Ping He, Chao Guo, Gong Chen, Ning Li, Xiaoying Zheng
OBJECTIVES: To determine the association between sensory impairment and dementia in Chinese older adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Older adults in 31 provinces of China. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 65 and older (N = 250,752). MEASUREMENTS: Psychiatrists ascertained dementia based on the International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision. Sensory impairment was measured as only hearing impairment, only vision impairment, and combined sensory impairment (combined hearing and vision impairment)...
January 10, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317844/a-survey-of-adult-referrals-to-specialist-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-clinics-in-canada
#20
Larry J Klassen, C Matthew Blackwood, Christopher J Reaume, Samuel Schaffer, James G Burns
Background: Canadian guidelines encourage family physicians to diagnose/manage adults with uncomplicated attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD); specialist referral is recommended only for complex cases. This retrospective case review investigated adults referred to Canadian ADHD clinics. Methods: Adult ADHD specialists reviewed referral letters/charts of patients (aged ≥18 years and no family history/known/expressed childhood ADHD) from family physicians/psychiatrists over 2 years...
2018: International Journal of General Medicine
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