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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904519/mind-conduct-disorders-in-children-with-poor-oral-hygiene-habits-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-children-with-excessive-tooth-decay
#1
Onur Burak Dursun, Fatih Şengül, İbrahim Selçuk Esin, Tevfik Demirci, Nermin Yücel, Mehmet Melih Ömezli
INTRODUCTION: Dental caries and poor oral hygiene are among the major childhood public health problems. Although dental research frequently refers to the link between these conditions and behavioural issues, little attention has been paid to understanding the reason for oral health problems from a psychiatric point of view. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between poor oral health and hygiene and parental attitudes towards child rearing, parents' and children's oral hygiene behaviours, and childhood psychiatric disorders...
December 1, 2016: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903144/parent-burden-in-accessing-outpatient-psychiatric-services-for-adolescent-depression-in-a-large-state-system
#2
Kaitlin P Gallo, S Serene Olin, Amy Storfer-Isser, Briannon C O'Connor, Emma D Whitmyre, Kimberly E Hoagwood, Sarah McCue Horwitz
OBJECTIVE: This study examined barriers facing parents who seek outpatient psychiatric care in a large state system for adolescents with depression. METHODS: A total of 264 outpatient facilities licensed to treat youths in New York were contacted by using a mystery shopper methodology. Callers tracked the number of call attempts, in-person appointments, and other steps required prior to seeing a psychiatrist. RESULTS: Fewer than two-thirds of parents made a psychiatry, therapy, or intake appointment...
December 1, 2016: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903110/reflections-from-a-primary-care-physician-and-psychiatrist-on-a-framework-for-extending-psychiatrists-roles-in-treating-general-health-conditions
#3
Paul Rosen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903104/harnessing-medical-training-for-psychiatrists-to-expand-access-to-care
#4
Melissa R Arbuckle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903097/in-support-of-a-call-for-enhancing-general-medical-training-of-psychiatrists-response-to-rosen-and-arbuckle
#5
Erik R Vanderlip, Lori E Raney, Benjamin G Druss
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902536/patients-on-psychotropic-medications-and-herbal-supplement-combinations-clinical-considerations
#6
Siu W Tang, Wayne Tang, Brian E Leonard
Populations using herbs and herbal preparations are widespread and growing. As many herbal ingredients exert actions on psychotropic drug targets, psychiatrists should be well informed and aware of potential drug-drug interactions in clinical practice. Reliable and clinically useful information in this area, however, is fragmented, if not deficient. This paper reviewed the clinical aspects of herb-drug interactions, focusing in particular on the monoamine oxidase enzyme and P450 cytochrome enzyme-inhibitory properties of herbs and their potential interference with psychotropic drug actions and clinical judgement...
November 29, 2016: International Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902153/nurse-led-medicines-monitoring-a-study-examining-the-effects-of-the-west-wales-adverse-drug-reaction-profile
#7
Richard Jones, Christopher Moyle, Sue Jordan
Aim The physical health of people with mental health conditions is often suboptimal, and in many cases this may be related to their prescription medicines. One issue is that patients are monitored inconsistently for adverse drug reactions (ADRs). The aim of this study was to explore whether the nurse-led West Wales Adverse Drug Reaction (WWADR) Profile for Mental Health Medicines could improve recognition and management of ADRs in a crisis resolution home treatment service. Method The WWADR Profile was implemented in addition to usual care, in a one-group 'before and after' comparison study (n=20)...
November 30, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900929/main-effects-and-interactions-of-cerebral-hemispheres-gender-and-age-in-the-calculation-of-volumes-and-asymmetries-of-selected-structures-of-episodic-memory
#8
Rocio Ramirez-Carmona, Haydee Guadalupe Garcia-Lazaro, Brenda Dominguez-Corrales, Erika Aguilar-Castañeda, Ernesto Roldan-Valadez
The aim of this study was to clarify the influence of anatomical (cerebral hemisphere) and demographic (age and gender) variables on the gray matter (GM) volumes and volumetric asymmetry indices (VAIs) of selected structures involved in episodic memory. A cross-sectional study was performed in 47 healthy volunteers. Neuropsychological evaluation revealed similar IQs across the sample. Using SPM-based software, brain segmentation, labeling and volume measurements of the hippocampus, amygdala, middle temporal gyrus and parahippocampal gyrus were performed in each cerebral hemisphere...
November 30, 2016: Functional Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900650/smoking-cessation-and-electronic-cigarettes-in-community-mental-health-centers-patient-and-provider-perspectives
#9
Li-Shiun Chen, Timothy Baker, Ross C Brownson, Robert M Carney, Douglas Jorenby, Sarah Hartz, Nina Smock, Mark Johnson, Douglas Ziedonis, Laura J Bierut
Little is known about patients' electronic cigarette use, interest in and use of smoking cessation treatments, and providers' attitude towards such treatment. We assessed patients (N = 231) and providers (45 psychiatrists, 97 case workers) in four Community Mental Health Centers. Interestingly, 50% of smokers reported interest in using electronic cigarettes to quit smoking, and 22% reported current use. While 82% of smokers reported wanting to quit or reduce smoking, 91% of psychiatrists and 84% of case workers reported that patients were not interested in quitting as the lead barrier, limiting the provision of cessation interventions...
November 30, 2016: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896322/effectiveness-of-the-synthetic-cannabinoids-seminar
#10
Murat Seyit, Mert Ozen, Alten Oskay, Emine Kadioglu
OBJECTIVES: Synthetic cannabinoid or "Bonzai" use is a public health issue as its use has increased in Turkey as well as all over the world. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of the "Synthetic Cannabinoids Seminar" that was provided to physicians who work in emergency services, using multiple choice questionnaires before and after the seminar as a tool for evaluation. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Synthetic cannabinoids seminars were provided to physicians who work in emergency services in two different cities, with the participation of 20 physicians in each scheduled seminar...
June 2016: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895598/pharmacotherapy-for-alcohol-use-disorders-physicians-perceptions-and-practices
#11
Caridad Ponce Martinez, Priyanka Vakkalanka, Nassima Ait-Daoud
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Alcohol use disorders (AUDs) are an important cause of morbidity and mortality. Despite the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) recommendations that medications be considered for patients with alcohol dependence, the mainstay of treatment has been counseling. We designed a survey to assess the treatment practices of psychiatrists and family medicine (FM) physicians in an effort to identify barriers to the use of pharmacotherapy and develop strategies to increase physician knowledge and utilization of these medications...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895084/prescription-preferences-in-antipsychotics-and-attitude-towards-the-pharmaceutical-industry-in-belgium
#12
Stijn Cleymans, Manuel Morrens, Chris Bervoets
OBJECTIVES: The number of antipsychotic prescriptions are increasing rapidly worldwide, a trend which is mainly driven by the steep rise in second-generation antipsychotic (SGA) prescriptions. However, the success of SGA, compared with the older first-generation antipsychotics (FGAs), cannot be explained by evidence. Several studies concluded on equal efficacy of FGA and SGA on positive, negative and cognitive symptoms of schizophrenia. Next to that, the influence of the pharmaceutical industry on prescription behaviour has drawn considerable interest...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893495/integration-of-eeg-into-psychiatric-practice-a-step-toward-precision-medicine-for-autism-spectrum-disorder
#13
Ronald J Swatzyna, Jay D Tarnow, Robert P Turner, Alexandra J Roark, Erin K MacInerney, Gerald P Kozlowski
INTRODUCTION: Data from an EEG is not commonly used by psychiatrists to plan treatment and medication. However, EEG abnormalities such as isolated epileptiform discharges (IEDs) are found to be more prevalent in psychiatric patients, particularly those diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Most medications prescribed for ASD lower seizure threshold and increase side-effects. Therefore, it may be prudent to order an EEG for ASD cases, especially those categorized as refractory...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891434/abdominal-epilepsy-in-an-adult-a-diagnosis-often-missed
#14
Devavrat G Harshe, Sneha D Harshe, Gurudas R Harshe, Gayatri G Harshe
Abdominal Epilepsy (AE) is a variant of temporal lobe epilepsy and is commonly seen in pediatric age group. There are however, multiple reports of abdominal epilepsy in adolescents and even in adults. Chronic and recurrent gastrointestinal symptoms with one or more neuropsychiatric manifestations are often the presenting picture for a patient with AE. Such patients therefore, are more likely to consult a general practioner, a physician, a surgeon or a gastroenterologist than consulting a psychiatrist or a neurologist...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891399/effect-of-citalopram-in-combination-with-omega-3-on-depression-in-post-menopausal-women-a-triple-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Seyedeh Zahra Masoumi, Farideh Kazemi, Samira Tavakolian, Alireza Rahimi, Khodayar Oshvandi, Alireza Soltanian, Fatemeh Shobeiri
INTRODUCTION: Depressive disorder is a common and disabling disorder that causes high rates of morbidity and mortality. Citalopram is an antidepressant drug, of the Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor (SSRI) class that has been used for geriatric depression since a long time ago. Prescription of omega-3 in geriatric depression has been increased recently; because of more favorable profile of their side effects. Some of the studies reported that omega-3 is effective in prevention or treatment of depressive disorders than Citalopram...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890273/-care-pathway-for-teenagers-with-anorexia
#16
Ludovic Gicquel
Identifying a care pathway for a teenager with anorexia enables the therapeutic stages to be put into perspective. From prevention to full hospitalisation, from the general practitioner to the paediatrician or child psychiatrist, this harmonisation aims to help the patient feel safe at every level of the care pathway.
November 2016: Soins. Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883300/should-psychiatrists-prescribe-gender-affirming-hormone-therapy-to-transgender-adolescents
#17
Cary S Crall, Rachel K Jackson
Gender-affirming hormone therapy is a safe and effective way to improve quality of life and mental health outcomes for transgender adolescents. Access to this treatment is limited, with the most vulnerable transgender people experiencing the greatest gaps in care. Because some psychiatrists help transgender patients receive needed medical interventions, we analyze the ethical values they must balance when deciding whether to provide hormone therapy to patients who seek it.
November 1, 2016: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882522/the-early-career-psychiatrist-and-the-psychotherapeutic-identity
#18
Glen O Gabbard, Holly Crisp-Han
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 23, 2016: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875034/risk-factors-of-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms-in-patients-with-cancer
#19
Yu-Hua Lin, Chia-Chan Kao, Shu-Fen Wu, Shu-Ling Hung, Hsing-Yu Yang, Hong-Yu Tung
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To determine the level of PTSS and to identify demographics, disease history, and clinical symptoms that were associated with PTSS among gynecological, breast, or colorectal cancer patients in Taiwan. BACKGROUND: Literature indicated that 7.3 % to 35.2% of patients with cancer had experienced level of post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). However, the PTSS among patients with cancer in Taiwan was not documented. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872693/obsessive-compulsive-disorder-in-hospitalized-patients-with-schizophrenia
#20
Mercedeh Samiei, Koorosh Hedayati, Arash Mirabzadeh Ardekani, Behrooz Dolatshahi, Reza Daneshmand, Roya Samadi
INTRODUCTION: Comorbid obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) has been reported among patients with schizophrenia in other countries. But, the literature is not well-documented on this issue in Iran (Persia). The present study aimed to investigate the prevalence and severity of OCD and some of its related factors in a group of patients with schizophrenia in Iran. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study. A total of 150 hospitalized patients with schizophrenia were recruited at Razi Psychiatric Hospital in Tehran, Iran...
October 2016: Basic and Clinical Neuroscience
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