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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326678/rational-engineering-of-bodipy-bridged-trisindole-derivatives-for-solar-cell-applications
#1
Nicolas Leclerc, Ibrahim Bulut, Quentin Huaulmé, Antoine Mirloup, Patricia Chávez, Sadiara Fall, Anne Hébraud, Stéphane Méry, Benoit Heinrich, Thomas Heiser, Patrick Lévêque
Boron dipyrromethene (Bodipy) are known to be efficient photon harvesting chromophores. However, their study as active materials in bulk heterojunction (BHJ) solar cells is still scarce. In this paper, we developed new synthetic ways to design original Bodipy-based dumbbell-shape molecules, including a first 2,3,5,6-tetravinyl aromatic Bodipy molecule. We demonstrated that high fill factors can be obtained in BHJ solar cells when blended with a fullerene derivative, leading to a new Bodipy-based record power conversion efficiency of 5...
March 21, 2017: ChemSusChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298988/bond-strength-of-dental-nanocomposites-repaired-with-a-bulkfill-composite
#2
Uzay Koç-Vural, Leyla Kerimova, İsmail H Baltacioglu, Arlin Kiremitçi
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to analyze the bond strength of aged resin based nanocomposites repaired with the same and bulk fill composites. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Seventy-two disc shaped resin composites consisted of three different nanocomposite resins (Filtek Ultimate/FU, Herculite XRV Ultra/HXRV, and Reflectys/R) were produced. After storing the samples for 8 weeks in distilled water, each material was combined with the same material or the bulk-fill composite resin system (Filtek Ultimate+Filtek Ultimate/Group-1; Filtek Ultimate+Tetric BF/Group-2; Herculite XRV+Herculite XRV/Group-3; Herculite XRV+Tetric BF/ Group-4; Reflectys+Reflectys/Group 5; Reflectys+Tetric BF/Group-6), for repair...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297870/dynamics-of-field-driven-population-inversion-in-a-confined-colloidal-mixture
#3
S Chung, S Samin, C Holm, J G Malherbe, S Amokrane
We study, using Langevin dynamics simulations, the change in composition of a binary colloidal mixture confined in a finite-length channel, induced by an external field. The field-induced transition from a near-bulk composition to an inverted population is studied as a function of time, for different field strengths and system parameters. For state points corresponding to reversible field cycles, the cyclic filling and emptying of the channel by the minority species are compared. Extrapolation of the physical relaxation times to the colloidal regime is performed through a series of simulations at increasing value of the damping parameter...
February 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295706/highly-efficient-organic-solar-cells-consisting-of-double-bulk-heterojunction-layers
#4
Jiang Huang, Hanyu Wang, Kangrong Yan, Xiaohua Zhang, Hongzheng Chen, Chang-Zhi Li, Junsheng Yu
An organic solar cell (OSCs) containing double bulk heterojunction (BHJ) layers, namely, double-BHJ OSCs is constructed via stamp transferring of low bandgap BHJ atop of mediate bandgap active layers. Such devices allow a large gain in photocurrent to be obtained due to enhanced photoharvest, without suffering much from the fill factor drop usually seen in thick-layer-based devices. Overall, double-BHJ OSC with optimal ≈50 nm near-infrared PDPP3T:PC71 BM layer atop of ≈200 nm PTB7-Th:PC71 BM BHJ results in high power conversion efficiencies over 12%...
March 15, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282676/peroneal-flap-for-tongue-reconstruction
#5
Ying-Sheng Lin, Wen-Chung Liu, Yaoh-Shiang Lin, Lee-Wei Chen, Kuo-Chung Yang
Background For large tongue defects, reconstructive surgeons have devised a variety of feasible options, such as radial forearm free flap and anterolateral thigh (ALT) flap. In our institution, peroneal flap has been the workhorse flap for the soft tissue defect in head and neck reconstruction. We present our experience using peroneal flap in tongue reconstruction. Patients and Methods The study included 47 patients who had undergone tongue reconstructions with peroneal flaps after tumor resection. The size and location of the defect after tumor resection determined whether the peroneal flaps could be harvested as pure septocutaneous flaps to solely reconstruct the neotongue or to carry an additional muscle bulk to fill the adjacent defect...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281590/bulk-fill-resin-based-composite-restorative-materials-a-review
#6
J Chesterman, A Jowett, A Gallacher, P Nixon
Resin-based composite (RBC) materials are increasingly being used for the restoration of posterior teeth. The increasing demand for aesthetic, tooth-coloured restorations coupled with the patient's concerns regarding the use of mercury containing restorations, has driven a surge in the use of RBC materials. With the Minamata Convention in 2013 calling for the phase-out of dental amalgam and dental schools increasingly teaching techniques for RBC restorations in posterior teeth, it is likely that the dental profession's reliance upon RBC for the restoration of posterior teeth will only increase...
March 10, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275276/long-term-degree-of-conversion-of-two-bulk-fill-composites
#7
Matej Par, Matea Lapas-Barisic, Ozren Gamulin, Vlatko Panduric, Nika Spanovic, Zrinka Tarle
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the long-term development of the post-cure degree of conversion (DC) for two flowable bulk-fill composites. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Tetric EvoFlow Bulk Fill (TEFBF) and SDR were chosen due to their distinct compositional modifications that enable the decrease of translucency during polymerization and lower polymerization rate, respectively. DC was assessed using FT-Raman spectroscopy at the post-cure times of 0 h, 24 h, 7 d and 30 d. The post-cure behavior was analyzed by a mixed model ANOVA and partial eta-squared statistics...
December 2016: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271900/block-copolymer-stereoregularity-and-its-impact-on-polymeric-micellar-nanodrug-delivery
#8
Hoda Soleymani Abyaneh, Mohammad Reza Vakili, Alireza Shafaati, Afsaneh Lavasanifar
Stereoregularity of polymers is known to influence their physicochemical and functional properties in the bulk form. Recent studies have also provided evidence for the effect of polymer stereoregularity on the physicochemical and functional properties of their self-assembled nanostructures. Research in this area has witnessed a relatively rapid pace in the past few years; however, to the best of our knowledge, a proper review of the literature has not been made to date. The goal of this review article was to fill this gap and provide a detailed overview on the current knowledge and understanding on the effect of block copolymer stereoregularity on the properties of their self-assembled nanocarriers such as size, morphology, thermodynamic and kinetic stability, and drug loading and release...
March 8, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264566/quantitative-visualization-of-molecular-delivery-and-uptake-at-living-cells-with-self-referencing-scanning-ion-conductance-microscopy-scanning-electrochemical-microscopy
#9
Ashley Page, Minkyung Kang, Alexander Armitstead, David Perry, Patrick R Unwin
A multifunctional dual-channel scanning probe nanopipet that enables simultaneous scanning ion conductance microscopy (SICM) and scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM) measurements is demonstrated to have powerful new capabilities for spatially mapping the uptake of molecules of interest at living cells. One barrel of the probe is filled with electrolyte and the molecules of interest and is open to the bulk solution for both topographical feedback and local delivery to a target interface, while a solid carbon electrode in the other barrel measures the local concentration and flux of the delivered molecules...
March 7, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260947/the-effect-of-curing-intensity-on-mechanical-properties-of-different-bulk-fill-composite-resins
#10
Fahad I Alkhudhairy
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of two curing light intensities on the mechanical properties (Vickers microhardness, compressive strength, and diametral tensile strength) of bulk-fill resin-based composites (RBCs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four commercially available bulk-fill RBCs (Tetric(®) N-Ceram, SonicFill™, Smart Dentin Replacement (SDR™) Posterior Flowable Material, and Filtek™ Posterior Restorative) were used in this study...
2017: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254566/a-combined-genetic-algorithm-and-finite-element-method-for-the-determination-of-a-practical-elasto-electric-set-for-1-3-piezocomposite-phases
#11
R Rouffaud, A-C Hladky-Hennion, F Levassort
1-3 piezocomposites are widely used in ultrasonic transducers, particularly for imaging applications. The fabrication process is often based on the dice and fill method, leading to a periodic structure. This process can modify the initial properties of the two phases due to the machining of the piezoelectric bulk ceramic and setting of the polymer. A method is proposed to directly determine a practical set for 1-3 piezocomposite properties and all the elastic, dielectric and piezoelectric parameters of the two piezoelectric (11 constants) and inert phases (3 constants)...
February 20, 2017: Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252968/step-wise-velocity-of-an-air-bubble-rising-in-a-vertical-tube-filled-with-a-liquid-dispersion-of-nanoparticles
#12
Heon Ki Cho, Alex D Nikolov, Darsh T Wasan
The motion of air bubbles in tubes filled with aqueous suspensions of nanoparticles (nanofluids) is of practical interest for bubble jets, lab-on-a-chip, and transporting media. Therefore, the focus of this study is the dynamics of air bubbles rising in a tube in a nanofluid. Many authors experimentally and analytically proposed that the velocity of rising air bubbles is constant for long air bubbles suspended in a vertical tube in common liquids (e.g. an aqueous glycerol solution) when the capillary number is larger than 10(-4)...
March 21, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249412/structural-properties-and-fragile-to-strong-transition-in-confined-water
#13
M De Marzio, G Camisasca, M M Conde, M Rovere, P Gallo
We derive by computer simulation the radial distribution functions of water confined in a silica pore modeled to reproduce MCM-41. We perform the calculations in a range of temperatures from ambient to deep supercooling for the subset of water molecules that reside in the inner shell (free water) by applying the excluded volume corrections. By comparing with bulk water we find that the first shell of the oxygen-oxygen and hydrogen-hydrogen radial distribution functions is less sharp and the first minimum fills in while the oxygen-hydrogen structure does not significantly change, indicating that the free water keeps the hydrogen bond short range order...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244733/addressing-the-interface-issues-in-all-solid-state-bulk-type-lithium-ion-battery-via-an-all-composite-approach
#14
Ru-Jun Chen, Yi-Bo Zhang, Ting Liu, Bing-Qing Xu, Yuan-Hua Lin, Ce-Wen Nan, Yang Shen
All-solid-state bulk-type lithium ion batteries (LIBs) are considered ultimate solutions to the safety issues associated with conventional LIBs using flammable liquid electrolyte. The development of bulk-type all-solid-state LIBs has been hindered by the low loading of active cathode materials, hence low specific surface capacity, and by the high interface resistance, which results in low rate and cyclic performance. In this contribution, we propose and demonstrate a synergistic all-composite approach to fabricating flexible all-solid-state LIBs...
March 22, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241607/nested-plasmonic-resonances-extraordinary-enhancement-of-linear-and-nonlinear-interactions
#15
Domenico de Ceglia, Maria Antonietta Vincenti, Neset Akozbek, Mark J Bloemer, Michael Scalora
Plasmonic resonators can provide large local electric fields when the gap between metal components is filled with an ordinary dielectric. We consider a new concept consisting of a hybrid nanoantenna obtained by introducing a resonant, plasmonic nanoparticle strategically placed inside the gap of an aptly sized metallic antenna. The system exhibits two nested, nearly overlapping plasmonic resonances whose signature is a large field enhancement at the surface and within the bulk of the plasmonic nanoparticle that leads to unusually strong, linear and nonlinear light-matter coupling...
February 20, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239738/organic-photodiodes-from-homochiral-l-proline-derived-squaraine-compounds-with-strong-circular-dichroism
#16
Matthias Schulz, Majvor Mack, Oliver Kolloge, Arne Lützen, Manuela Schiek
We suggest and explore a novel route towards organic photodetectors sensitive to the circular polarization state of light. For this, we insert fullerene-blended thin films of homochiral squaraine compounds acting as a highly circular dichroic active layer into conventional bulk hetero-junction photodiodes. Initially, we discuss steady-state characterization of photodiodes with unpolarized light. The homochiral, l-proline derived squaraine compounds are obtained via a chiral pool synthesis in sizable quantities...
February 27, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239736/ferrocene-diketopyrrolopyrrole-based-small-molecule-donors-for-bulk-heterojunction-solar-cells
#17
Yuvraj Patil, Rajneesh Misra, Manish Kumar Singh, Ganesh D Sharma
A symmetrical D-π-A-π-D type small molecule consisting of thiophene flanked diketopyrrolopyrrole (DPP) as a core and an end capping ferrocene donor linked by an ethynyl bridge, denoted as Fc-DPP-Fc, was synthesized and its optical, thermal and electrochemical properties were investigated in order to explore its potential applicability as a donor for solution processed bulk heterojunction solar cells. The photophysical and electrochemical properties of this small molecule showed strong charge transfer interaction between the ferrocene donor and the DPP acceptor, and it is found to be suitable as a small molecule donor along with PC71BM as an electron acceptor for solution processed bulk heterojunction organic solar cells (OSCs)...
February 27, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238908/ultrasonic-velocimetry-studies-on-different-salts-of-chitosan-effect-of-ion-size
#18
C Raja Mohan, R Sathya, P Nithiananthi, K Jayakumar
In the present investigation, the effect of ion size on the thermodynamical properties such as ultrasonic velocity (U), adiabatic compressibility (β), acoustic impedance (Z), adiabatic bulk modulus (Ks), relaxation strength (rs) have been obtained for the different salts of chitosan viz., formate (3.5Å), acetate (4.5Å), Succinate (5Å) and Adipate (6Å). To find the effect of ion size, the effect due to water has been removed by calculating the change in ultrasonic velocity (dU), change in adiabatic compressibility (dβ), in acoustic impedance (dZ), in adiabatic bulk modulus (dKs), and in relaxation strength (drs)...
February 23, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230351/fabrication-and-demonstration-of-mercury-disc-well-probes-for-stripping-based-cyclic-voltammetry-scanning-electrochemical-microscopy
#19
Zachary J Barton, Joaquín Rodríguez-López
Scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM) is a rising technique for the study of energy storage materials. Hg-based probes allow the extension of SECM investigations to ionic processes, but the risk of irreversible Hg amalgam saturation limits their operation to rapid timescales and dilute analyte solutions. Here, we report a novel fabrication protocol for Hg disc-well ultramicroelectrodes (UMEs), which retain access to stripping information but are less susceptible to amalgam saturation than traditional Hg sphere-caps or thin-films...
February 23, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210447/the-effect-of-different-insertion-techniques-on-the-depth-of-cure-and-vickers-surface-micro-hardness-of-two-bulk-fill-resin-composite-materials
#20
Lamiaa-Mahmoud Moharam, Ahmed-Zohair El-Hoshy, Karim Abou-Elenein
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the Vickers surface micro-hardness and the depth of cure of two bulk-fill resin composites and one incremental-fill resin composite. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two Bulk-fill dental resin composites (X-tra Fil, Voco; Sonic-FillTM 2, Kerr Corporation) and an incremental-fill dental resin composite (Filtek™ Z250 XT, 3M ESPE) were used. Sixty cylindrical specimens of 4 mm thickness were prepared using split Teflon moulds...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
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