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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626204/intrapulpal-temperature-changes-during-curing-of-different-bulk-fill-restorative-materials
#1
Elif Yasa, Cigdem Atalayin, Gamze Karacolak, Tugrul Sari, L Sebnem Turkun
The aim of this study was to evaluate the intrapulpal temperature changes during the curing of different bulk-fill restorative materials. Ten mandibular molar teeth were selected and occlusal surfaces were removed to obtain a standard 0.5 mm occlusal dentin thickness. Five bulk-fill restorative materials and a conventional resin composite (control) were applied. The intrapulpal temperature changes during the curing of these materials were determined by a device simulating pulpal blood microcirculation. The difference between the initial and maximum temperature values (Δt), was recorded...
June 15, 2017: Dental Materials Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618542/one-dimensional-irreversible-aggregation-with-dynamics-of-a-totally-asymmetric-simple-exclusion-process
#2
N Zh Bunzarova, N C Pesheva
We define and study one-dimensional model of irreversible aggregation of particles obeying a discrete-time kinetics, which is a special limit of the generalized Totally Asymmetric Simple Exclusion Process (gTASEP) on open chains. The model allows for clusters of particles to translate as a whole entity one site to the right with the same probability as single particles do. A particle and a cluster, as well as two clusters, irreversibly aggregate whenever they become nearest neighbors. Nonequilibrium stationary phases appear under the balance of injection and ejection of particles...
May 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616117/periurethral-bulking-agents-for-female-stress-urinary-incontinence-in-canada
#3
REVIEW
Adiel Mamut, Kevin V Carlson
Urethral bulking aims to improve urethral mucosal coaptation, and thus outlet resistance, in an effort to limit stress-induced leakage. While efforts have been made to employ bulking agents to treat stress urinary incontinence (SUI) for more than 100 years, we remain wanting for the perfect injectable. Regardless of the agent studied, efficacy is modest at best, repeat injections are the norm, and long-term followup is conspicuously lacking. This treatment, however, fills an important need in our armamentarium against SUI, serving those patients who are not candidates for more invasive interventions and those with multiple prior failed surgeries...
June 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609706/toward-high-efficiency-production-of-biosurfactant-rhamnolipids-using-sequential-fed-batch-fermentation-based-on-a-fill-and-draw-strategy
#4
Ni He, Tingyu Wu, Jingjing Jiang, Xuwei Long, Bing Shao, Qin Meng
Rhamnolipids are the most promising biosurfactants, have widespread applications in many fields. However, low yield and productivity in fermentation caused a high production cost and thus prohibited the bulk applications of rhamnolipids in industry. In this study, a sequential fed-batch fermentation process with fill-and-draw operation was developed to improve rhamnolipids production. By utilizing this strategy, the total produced rhamnolipids reached over 150g/L, had a 163% and 102% increase over the traditional batch and fed-batch processes, respectively...
June 7, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605721/dynamic-analysis-of-bulk-fill-composites-effect-of-food-simulating-liquids
#5
Ahmed Hesham Eweis, Adrian U-Jin Yap, Noor Azlin Yahya
This study investigated the effect of food simulating liquids on visco-elastic properties of bulk-fill restoratives using dynamic mechanical analysis. One conventional composite (Filtek Z350 [FZ]), two bulk-fill composites (Filtek Bulk-fill [FB] and Tetric N Ceram [TN]) and a bulk-fill giomer (Beautifil-Bulk Restorative [BB]) were evaluated. Specimens (12 × 2 × 2mm) were fabricated using customized stainless steel molds. The specimens were light-cured, removed from their molds, finished, measured and randomly divided into six groups...
June 6, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605610/effect-of-light-curing-exposure-time-shade-and-thickness-on-the-depth-of-cure-of-bulk-fill-composites
#6
A Rodriguez, P Yaman, J Dennison, D Garcia
PURPOSE:   To investigate the effect of different light exposure times, shades, and thicknesses on the depth of cure (DOC) of bulk fill composites. METHODS AND MATERIALS:   Two bulk fill composites, Tetric EvoCeram Bulk Fill (TBF) and Sonic Fill (SF), and a conventional composite, Filtek Supreme Ultra (FSU), were evaluated. Samples (n=10) were made using two different shades (light and dark), thicknesses (2 and 4 mm) and exposure times (20 and 40 seconds). A Tukon 2100B-testing machine was used to obtain three Knoop hardness numbers (KHNs) measured at the top and bottom of each sample, and DOC was calculated as the bottom/top ratio...
June 12, 2017: Operative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589203/tuning-the-sound-speed-in-macroporous-polymers-with-a-hard-or-soft-matrix
#7
Artem Kovalenko, Martin Fauquignon, Thomas Brunet, Olivier Mondain-Monval
In this paper, we investigate the factors affecting the sound speed in air-filled macroporous polymer materials at ultrasound frequencies. Due to the presence of large proportion of gas, these porous materials present high compressibility and, as a consequence, low sound speed which may fall down to values as low as 40 m s(-1). Using an emulsion-templating method, we synthesize macroporous samples with similar porous structures but with three different matrices, i.e. a hard poly(styrene-divinylbenzene (DVB)) matrix, a soft epoxy-modified polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) matrix and a very soft polyaddition PDMS matrix...
June 7, 2017: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584779/evaluation-of-surface-roughness-of-different-direct-resin-based-composites
#8
Nashaat Mohammed Magdy, Mohammed Zaheer Kola, Hamod Hussain Alqahtani, Mubarak Daghash Alqahtani, Abdullah Saud Alghmlas
AIMS AND OBJECTIVE: To evaluate surface roughness of different resin-based composites. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three resin composites, one nanohybrid, one nanoceramic, and one bulk-fill resin-based composite, were used in this study. Cylindrical Teflon mold and 8 mm in diameter and 2 mm in thickness disc specimens were prepared. For each composite material, 15 discs were fabricated, with a total of sixty discs were obtained (n = 60). A glass slide 1-2 mm thick was placed over the strip before curing with the light-curing unit to flatten the surfaces...
May 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583237/intrapulpal-temperature-rise-during-light-activation-of-restorative-composites-in-a-primary-molar
#9
Craig V Vinall, Tales C Garcia-Silva, Jennifer S B Lou, Martha H Wells, Daranee Tantbirojn, Antheunis Versluis
PURPOSE: To investigate intrapulpal temperature rise in a primary molar during light activation of a composite restoration to determine if clinically significant pulpal temperatures (greater than 5.5 degrees Celsius) were reached. METHODS: Restorative composites (EsthetX HD, Filtek Supreme Ultra, Filtek Bulk Fill) were placed into a primary molar with occlusal preparation (1.5 mm depth; remaining pulpal floor thickness one mm). The pulp was extirpated through a root access to place a thermocouple against the pulpal roof...
May 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581919/thirty-six-month-clinical-comparison-of-bulk-fill-and-nanofill-composite-restorations
#10
A R Yazici, S A Antonson, Z B Kutuk, E Ergin
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical performance of a nanofill and a bulk fill resin composite in class II restorations. METHODS AND MATERIALS: In accordance with a split-mouth design, 50 patients received at least one pair of restorations, restored with a nanofill resin composite (Filtek Ultimate [FU]) and with a bulk fill resin composite (Tetric EvoCeram Bulk Fill [TB]). Each restorative resin was used with its respective adhesive system according to the manufacturers' instructions...
June 5, 2017: Operative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576660/impact-of-light-transmittance-mode-on-polymerisation-kinetics-in-bulk-fill-resin-based-composites
#11
Nicoleta Ilie
OBJECTIVES: to determine the mode of light tran0smission and its impact on the polymerisation kinetic in modern bulk-fill resin-based composites (B-RBC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four low-viscosity methacrylate-based and one high-viscosity ormocer-based B-RBCs were considered. One material was available in three different shades that were all analyzed. Polymerization kinetic and light transmittance were assessed in 2 and 4mm specimen depths. Incident and transmitted irradiance and radiant exposure were measured in real-time on a laboratory-grade spectrometer...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572706/electroactive-nanoporous-metal-oxides-and-chalcogenides-by-chemical-design
#12
Christopher H Hendon, Keith T Butler, Alex M Ganose, Yuriy Román-Leshkov, David O Scanlon, Geoffrey A Ozin, Aron Walsh
The archetypal silica- and aluminosilicate-based zeolite-type materials are renowned for wide-ranging applications in heterogeneous catalysis, gas-separation and ion-exchange. Their compositional space can be expanded to include nanoporous metal chalcogenides, exemplified by germanium and tin sulfides and selenides. By comparison with the properties of bulk metal dichalcogenides and their 2D derivatives, these open-framework analogues may be viewed as three-dimensional semiconductors filled with nanometer voids...
April 25, 2017: Chemistry of Materials: a Publication of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571830/effect-of-bulk-fill-base-material-on-fracture-strength-of-root-filled-teeth-restored-with-laminate-resin-composite-restorations
#13
N A Taha, G A Maghaireh, A S Ghannam, J E Palamara
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of using a bulk-fill flowable base material on fracture strength and fracture patterns of root-filled maxillary premolars with MOD preparations restored with laminate restorations. METHODS: Fifty extracted maxillary premolars were selected for the study. Standardized MOD cavities with endodontic treatment were prepared for all teeth, except for intact control. The teeth were divided randomly into five groups (n=10); (Group 1) sound teeth, (Group 2) unrestored teeth; (Group 3) MOD cavities with Vitrebond base and resin-based composite (Ceram...
May 29, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566851/an-in-vitro-evaluation-of-microleakage-associated-with-three-different-compomer-placement-techniques-in-primary-molars
#14
Mohita Gupta, Dinesh Rao, Sapna Hegde
BACKGROUND: Microleakage is one of the most frequently encountered problems in posterior tooth-colored restorations. Efforts to decrease this problem with resin restorations include techniques for reducing the ratio of bonded to unbonded restoration surfaces and following strategic incremental placement techniques to reduce residual stress at tooth-restoration interface which reduces the C-factor, hence microleakage. AIM: The present study aimed to evaluate microleakage associated with three placement techniques for compomer restorations in primary molars...
January 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558209/aminopolymer-mobility-and-support-interactions-in-silica-pei-composites-for-co2-capture-applications-a-quasielastic-neutron-scattering-study
#15
Adam Holewinski, Miles A Sakwa-Novak, Jan-Michael Y Carrillo, Matthew E Potter, Nathan Ellebracht, Gernot Rother, Bobby G Sumpter, Christopher W Jones
Composite gas sorbents, formed from an active polymer phase and a porous support, are promising materials for the separation of acid gases from a variety of gas streams. Significant changes in sorption performance (capacity, rate, stability etc.) can be achieved by tuning the properties of the polymer and the nature of interactions between polymer and support. Here we utilize quasielastic neutron scattering (QENS) and coarse grained molecular dynamics (MD) simulations to characterize the dynamic behavior of the most commonly reported polymer in such materials, poly(ethyleneimine) (PEI), in bulk form and when supported in a mesoporous silica framework...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548922/development-of-ergonomics-audits-for-bagging-haul-truck-and-maintenance-and-repair-operations-in-mining
#16
Patrick G Dempsey, Jonisha Pollard, William L Porter, Alan Mayton, John R Heberger, Sean Gallagher, Leanna Reardon, Colin G Drury
The development and testing of ergonomics and safety audits for small and bulk bag filling, haul truck and maintenance and repair operations in coal preparation and mineral processing plants found at surface mine sites is described. The content for the audits was derived from diverse sources of information on ergonomics and safety deficiencies including: analysis of injury, illness and fatality data and reports; task analysis; empirical laboratory studies of particular tasks; field studies and observations at mine sites; and maintenance records...
June 18, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544505/understanding-the-mechanisms-of-gold-shell-growth-onto-polymer-microcapsules-to-control-shell-thickness
#17
Alison L Tasker, James Hitchcock, Elaine A Baxter, Dr Olivier J Cayre, Simon Biggs
Polymer microcapsules have been used commercially for decades, however they have an inherent flaw which renders them impractical as a carrier of small, volatile molecules. The porous nature of the polymer shell allows for diffusion of the encapsulated molecules into the bulk. The use of metal shells is an innovative way to prevent undesired loss of small molecules from the core of microcapsules, however it is important, particularly when using expensive metals to ensure that the resulting shell is as thin as possible...
May 21, 2017: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536197/melting-dynamics-of-ice-in-the-mesoscopic-regime
#18
Margherita Citroni, Samuele Fanetti, Naomi Falsini, Paolo Foggi, Roberto Bini
How does a crystal melt? How long does it take for melt nuclei to grow? The melting mechanisms have been addressed by several theoretical and experimental works, covering a subnanosecond time window with sample sizes of tens of nanometers and thus suitable to determine the onset of the process but unable to unveil the following dynamics. On the other hand, macroscopic observations of phase transitions, with millisecond or longer time resolution, account for processes occurring at surfaces and time limited by thermal contact with the environment...
June 6, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535953/genotoxic-potential-of-dental-bulk-fill-resin-composites
#19
Tobias T Tauböck, Danijela Marovic, Davor Zeljezic, Andrea D Steingruber, Thomas Attin, Zrinka Tarle
OBJECTIVE: To investigate both genotoxicity and hardening of bulk-fill composite materials applied in 4-mm layer thickness and photo-activated for different exposure times. METHODS: Three flowable bulk-fill materials and one conventional flowable composite were filled in molds (height: 4mm) and irradiated for 20 or 30s. The top (0mm) and bottom (4mm) specimen surface were mechanically scraped, and eluates (0.01g composite in 1.5ml RPMI 1640 cell culture media) prepared for each material, surface level and irradiation time...
May 20, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534615/origins-of-water-molecules-in-the-photosystem-ii-crystal-structure
#20
Naoki Sakashita, Hiroshi C Watanabe, Takuya Ikeda, Keisuke Saito, Hiroshi Ishikita
The cyanobacterial photosystem II (PSII) crystal structure includes more than 1300 water molecules in each monomer unit; however, their precise roles in water oxidation are unclear. To understand the origins of water molecules in the PSII crystal structure, the accessibility of bulk water molecules to channel inner spaces in PSII was investigated using the water-removed PSII structure and molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. The inner space of the channel that proceeds toward the D1-Glu65/D2-Glu312 pair (E65/E312 channel) was entirely filled with water molecules from the bulk region...
June 7, 2017: Biochemistry
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