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Cheng-Ta Yang, Jhy-Ming Li, Wing-Keung Chu, Shu-Er Chow
The overexpression of lumican has been found in lung cancer cells; however, the functional role of lumican in lung cancer cells remains unclear. In this study, we found lumican functioned as a tubulin-binding protein and the depletion of lumican by transfection with its specific shRNA increased lung cancer cell invasion. Such alterations led to morphological changes and actin cytoskeleton remodeling, including the induction of membrane ruffling or protrusion and stress fiber formation, correlated with the increased activities of Rac and Rho...
March 16, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
Siwei Chen, Ganming Deng, Kaiqun Li, Haonan Zheng, Gang Wang, Bin Yu, Kairui Zhang
BACKGROUND Previous studies demonstrated that tendon-derived stem cells (TDSCs) were vital healing cells and that mRNA expression of anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-6 was significantly upregulated in injured tendons. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of IL-6 on the TDSCs in vitro. MATERIAL AND METHODS TDSCs isolated from the Achilles tendons in SD rats were co-cultured with various concentrations of IL-6. Cell proliferation, cell cycle analysis, quantitative real-time PCR, western blotting analysis, and statistical analysis were used in the study...
March 16, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Gary Hin-Fai Yam, Ericia Pei-Wen Teo, Melina Setiawan, Matthew J Lovatt, Nur Zahirah Binte M Yusoff, Matthias Fuest, Bee-Tin Goh, Jodhbir S Mehta
Corneal opacities are a leading cause of global blindness. They are conventionally treated by the transplantation of donor corneal tissue, which is, restricted by a worldwide donor material shortage and allograft rejection. Autologous adult stem cells with a potential to differentiate into corneal stromal keratocytes (CSKs) could offer a suitable choice of cells for regenerative cell therapy. Postnatal periodontal ligament (PDL) contains a population of adult stem cells, which has a similar embryological origin as CSK, that is cranial neural crest...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Konstantina Karamanou, Gwenn Perrot, Francois-Xavier Maquart, Stéphane Brézillon
Wound healing, a complex physiological process, is responsible for tissue repair after exposure to destructive stimuli, without resulting in complete functional regeneration. Injuries can be stromal or epithelial, and most cases of wound repair have been studied in the skin and cornea. Lumican, a small leucine-rich proteoglycan, is expressed in the extracellular matrices of several tissues, such as the cornea, cartilage, and skin. This molecule has been shown to regulate collagen fibrillogenesis, keratinocyte phenotypes, and corneal transparency modulation...
March 1, 2018: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
Thomas N Wight
The content of proteoglycans (PGs) is low in the extracellular matrix (ECM) of vascular tissue, but increases dramatically in all phases of vascular disease. Early studies demonstrated that glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) including chondroitin sulfate (CS), dermatan sulfate (DS), keratan sulfate (KS) and heparan sulfate (HS) accumulate in vascular lesions in both humans and in animal models in areas of the vasculature that are susceptible to disease initiation (such as at branch points) and are frequently coincident with lipid deposits...
February 27, 2018: Matrix Biology: Journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology
Junfeng Ma, Miloslav Sanda, Renhuizi Wei, Lihua Zhang, Radoslav Goldman
Aberrant core fucosylation of proteins has been linked to liver diseases. In this study, we carried out multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) quantification of core fucosylated N-glycopeptides of serum proteins partially deglycosylated by a combination of endoglycosidases (endoF1, endoF2, and endoF3). To minimize variability associated with the preparatory steps, the analysis was performed without enrichment of glycopeptides or fractionation of serum besides the nanoRP chromatography. Specifically, we quantified core fucosylation of 22 N-glycopeptides derived from 17 proteins together with protein abundance of these glycoproteins in a cohort of 45 participants (15 disease-free control, 15 fibrosis and 15 cirrhosis patients) using a multiplex nanoUPLC-MS-MRM workflow...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Proteomics
Janice A Vranka, Julia A Staverosky, Ashok P Reddy, Phillip A Wilmarth, Larry L David, Ted S Acott, Paul Russell, Vijay Krishna Raghunathan
Purpose: The extracellular matrix (ECM) of the trabecular meshwork (TM) modulates resistance to aqueous humor outflow, thereby regulating IOP. Glaucoma, a leading cause of irreversible blindness worldwide, is associated with changes in the ECM of the TM. The elastic modulus of glaucomatous TM is larger than age-matched normal TM; however, the biomechanical properties of segmental low (LF) and high flow (HF) TM regions and their response to elevated pressure, are unknown. Methods: We perfused human anterior segments at two pressures using an ex vivo organ culture system...
January 1, 2018: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Aida Loshaj-Shala, Mara Colzani, Katerina Brezovska, Ana Poceva Panovska, Ljubica Suturkova, Giangiacomo Beretta
Immunoproteomics is become a potent methodology used for identifying immunoreactive proteins. In this study, an immunoproteomic approach based on 2-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2D-PAGE) and immunoblotting combined with high resolution mass spectrometry (MS) was used to identify immunoreactive proteins that might be involved in mechanisms of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) development, regardless of their potential reciprocal molecular mimicry. Proteins isolated from C. jejuni and human peripheral nerve tissue (HPN) were separated with 2D SDS-PAGE and subjected to western blotting using serum samples from GBS patients...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Neuroimmunology
Aina Farrán, Gladys Valverde-Franco, Laura Tío, Bertrand Lussier, Hassan Fahmi, Jean-Pierre Pelletier, Paul N Bishop, Jordi Monfort, Johanne Martel-Pelletier
The SLRP opticin (OPTC) has been demonstrated to be produced and degraded in osteoarthritic (OA) human cartilage. Here, we investigated the in vivo effect of OPTC deficiency in OA cartilage. OA was induced in 10-week-old Optc -/- and Optc +/+ mice. Ten weeks post-surgery, cartilage was processed for histology and immunohistochemistry. SLRP expression was determined in non-operated mouse cartilage. OA Optc -/- demonstrated significant protection against cartilage degradation. Data revealed that in non-operated Optc -/- cartilage, expression of SLRPs lumican and epiphycan was up-regulated at day 3 and in 10-week-olds (p ≤ 0...
January 11, 2018: Scientific Reports
Dana L Sharma, Hari Vishal Lakhani, Rebecca L Klug, Brian Snoad, Rawan El-Hamdani, Joseph I Shapiro, Komal Sodhi
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a disease characterized by a steatosis of the liver that may progress to more serious pathological conditions including: nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), fibrosis, and cirrhosis. As the prevalence of NAFLD has increased worldwide in recent years, pathophysiology and risk factors associated with disease progression of NAFLD are at the focus of many studies. NAFLD is related to and shares common serum biomarkers with cardiovascular disease (CVD), type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), obesity, and metabolic syndrome (MetS)...
October 2017: Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology
Jialin Chen, Wei Zhang, Peyman Kelk, Ludvig J Backman, Patrik Danielson
BACKGROUND: We aimed to generate a bioengineered multi-lamellar human corneal stroma tissue in vitro by differentiating periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs) towards keratocytes on an aligned silk membrane. METHODS: Human PDLSCs were isolated and identified. The neuropeptide substance P (SP) was added in keratocyte differentiation medium (KDM) to evaluate its effect on keratocyte differentiation of PDLSCs. PDLSCs were then seeded on patterned silk membrane and cultured with KDM and SP...
November 13, 2017: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Nicole Hansmeier, Josef Buttigieg, Pankaj Kumar, Shaneen Pelle, Kyoo Yoon Choi, David Kopriva, Tzu-Chiao Chao
Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disease with complex pathobiology and one of the most common causes of cardiovascular events. The process is characterized by complex vascular remodeling processes that require the actions of numerous proteins. The composition of atherosclerotic plaque is increasingly recognized as a major factor governing the occurrence of cardiovascular or neurological symptoms. To gain deeper insights into the composition of atherosclerotic plaques, we created quantitative proteome profiles of advanced plaque tissues of six male patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy for stroke prevention...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Proteome Research
Alka Mahale, Fatma Fikri, Khitam Al Hati, Sami Al Shahwan, Ibrahim Al Jadaan, Hind Al Katan, Rajiv Khandekar, Azza Maktabi, Deepak P Edward
Impervious encapsulation around Ahmed glaucoma valve (AGV) results in surgical failure raising intraocular pressure (IOP). Dysregulation of extracellular matrix (ECM) molecules and cellular factors might contribute to increased hydraulic resistance to aqueous drainage. Therefore, we examined these molecules in failed AGV capsular tissue. Immunostaining for ECM molecules (collagen I, collagen III, decorin, lumican, chondroitin sulfate, aggrecan and keratan sulfate) and cellular factors (αSMA and TGFβ) was performed on excised capsules from failed AGVs and control tenon's tissue...
2017: PloS One
Li Chen, Yuxin Zhang, Yanjiao Zuo, Fei Ma, Hongjiang Song
The aim of the present study was to investigate the expression of lumican in human gastric cancer and adjacent normal gastric tissues, and study its association with clinicopathological characteristics and survival rate. By using immunohistochemistry, the lumican expression patterns in 146 cases of gastric cancer with various clinicopathological characteristics 55 adjacent normal gastric tissue specimens was studied. And the significance of lumican expression regarding the biological behavior and survival of patients was evaluated...
November 2017: Oncology Letters
Gui-Fang Wang, Qing-Shan Ji, Bing Qi, Guo-Cheng Yu, Lian Liu, Jing-Xiang Zhong
AIM: To investigate the correlation between lumican (LUM) gene and high myopia in a Southern Chinese population. METHODS: The study comprised of 95 high myopia patients with a spherical equivalent ≤-6.5 diopters (D). The control group recruited 95 individuals with a spherical equivalent ranging from -0.5 D to +0.5 D. Direct sequencing was used to detect the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of LUM gene in coding region. Genotype distributions were tested for Hardy-Weinberg disequilibrium...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Kate Grieve, Djida Ghoubay, Cristina Georgeon, Gael Latour, Amir Nahas, Karsten Plamann, Caroline Crotti, Romain Bocheux, Marie Borderie, Thu-Mai Nguyen, Felipe Andreiuolo, Marie-Claire Schanne-Klein, Vincent Borderie
We uncover the significance of a previously unappreciated structural feature in corneal stroma, important to its biomechanics. Vogt striae are a known clinical indicator of keratoconus, and consist of dark, vertical lines crossing the corneal depth. However we detected stromal striae in most corneas, not only keratoconus. We observed striae with multiple imaging modalities in 82% of 118 human corneas, with pathology-specific differences. Striae generally depart from anchor points at Descemet's membrane in the posterior stroma obliquely in a V-shape, whereas in keratoconus, striae depart vertically from posterior toward anterior stroma...
October 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
Sara Biasutti, Andrew Dart, Margaret Smith, Carina Blaker, Elizabeth Clarke, Leo Jeffcott, Christopher Little
Flexor tendinopathy is a common problem affecting humans and animals. Tendon healing is poorly understood and the outcomes of conservative and surgical management are often suboptimal. While often considered a localized injury, recent evidence indicates that in the short term, tendinopathic changes are distributed widely throughout the tendon, remote from the lesion itself. Whether these changes persist throughout healing is unknown. The aim of this study was to document gene expression, histopathological and biomechanical changes that occur throughout the superficial digital flexor tendon (SDFT) up to 16 weeks post-injury, using an ovine surgical model of tendinopathy...
2017: PloS One
Tapasi Das, Chandraday Prodhan, Santunu Patsa, Jay Gopal Ray, Keya Chaudhuri
Early detection and identification of oral pre-malignancy or malignancy help in management of the disease and improve survival rates. Oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) is a major threat to public health worldwide and especially in Southeast Asian countries. Identification of biomarkers is a necessary step towards early diagnosis and treatment. In this study, differentially expressed proteins between oral submucous fibrotic tissue and normal control tissues were recorded by proteomic analysis using two dimensional electrophoresis (2DE) and MALDI TOF mass spectrometry...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Aiko Itoh, Yasuhiro Nonaka, Takashi Ogawa, Takanori Nakamura, Nozomu Nishi
We previously reported that galectin-9 (Gal-9), an immunomodulatory animal lectin, could bind to insoluble collagen preparations and exerted direct cytocidal effects on immune cells. In the present study, we found that mature insoluble elastin is capable of binding Gal-9 and other members of the human galectin family. Lectin blot analysis of a series of commercial water-soluble elastin preparations, PES-(A) ~ PES-(E), revealed that only PES-(E) contained substances recognized by Gal-9. Gal-9-interacting substances in PES-(E) were affinity-purified, digested with trypsin and then analyzed by reversed-phase HPLC...
November 2017: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
Sock-Hwee Tan, Albert Lee, Dana Pascovici, Natasha Care, Vita Birzniece, Ken Ho, Mark P Molloy, Alamgir Khan
Human growth hormone (GH) is a naturally occurring hormone secreted by the pituitary gland with anabolic and growth-promoting activities. Since an increased availability of recombinant GH (rGH) for the treatment of GH-deficient patients, GH has been abused in sports and it is prohibited. "GH-isoform" and "biomarkers" tests are currently available for detection of GH abuse in sports, however both methods suffer from shortcomings. Here, we report on a proteomic approach to search for novel protein biomarkers associated with rGH administration in non-elite athletes...
August 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
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